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THE ?0RNEB IN OOTfON.
I'liAN TO KJ ?
? iivoiuioM in Atlanta Kml
>> Hy ni'U nie Among}
i;i'lfl in Atlanta
ik roomniuoiid. d Mi-. .1. T. Ituddoy's
an for Controlling I he price <>f cotton
li.V < Fio form a tibi: of a trust. This tio
tfoUi however, was taken only a* inai-,
vldu<t, ami was opposed by somo of
those I':-- ??">:. Tlii?? opposition whs
fi om no ubeoluto'hostllifcy to Mr. Bod-,
dey's scheme, hut was duo to the fact
that the ;<ii ;i was now and had not
boon fully Investigated.
following this i eeoinmondntionthoro
was appointed a rommltteo of three,
consisting <?f John T. Uoddey, chair*
man; U.S. Lipsooiub, of South Caro
lina, ami.J. K. Nuhhally, of Georgia,
to oall county and Btate conventions to
elect delegates, one froth each Congres
sional district aud one at large, tp an
There wore about fifty prcsont at the
incetiug, among whom were Commis
sioner of Agriculture of Alabama I fee
tor D. Lano: Commissioner it. T. N'os
bltt, of Georgia : W. L. Koddey, Hock
Hill, S. C: .1. S. Ululook, Luurens, .S.
C; J. T. Duncan, Newborry. S. C;
Uopresentativo MoElmurray, Waynes
boro, Ga.; H. S. Lipscoinb, Spartan
?urg, S. C; John Bostwlek, Morgun
? <-Iint v, Ga.; J. L. Moore, Rock Hill,
S. C.;W. J. Mooro, Abbeville, S. C.
J. It. Black, Monroe, Ga.; B. N. Mooro,
York County, S. C, and Kepresenta
tlvo J. P. Brown, of Pulaskl County;
Commissioner Lane, of Alabama,
was made chairman of tho mooting
and Mr. J. T. Duncan secrotary.
Commissioner Lano, on taking the
chair, made an Interesting address,
heartily endorsing a plan that would
control tho price of cotton. Ho thought
. that the timo for action in tho mattor
'Was at hand and bollevcd that con
certed and well organize.I eHorton the
part of tho farmors would bring about
the desired result.
Mr. J. T. Koddey, who is a South
Carolinian, doing a cotton brokerage
buslnoss in Now York, was called up
on and outlined tho details of his plans
to tho mooting,
Mr. Roddey is an interesting talker,,
and his enthusiasm evidenced ???
his remarks by'
owing the" way cotton valuotftaro
manipulated by speoulntors and thoir
system of robbing tho producer of Iiis
fit's all u mistake about our produc
tion being the cause of low-priced cot
ton. It's becauso the crop is manipu
lated by speculators.1 Now, my idea is
to mako the crop control tho prioe.
This can be dono by forming a gigantic
??omnination or company with a capital
of $50,000,000 or $100,000,000. To form
this company I would suggest that tho
producers contrlbuto ono balo of cot
ton out of every Uvo they make. In
this way tho stock can bo subscribed,
and tho producor will not bo out a dol
"Thjs sooms absurd, but say that in
a crop of 8,000,000, for every live bales
a farmer grows ho tako stock to tho
extent of ono balo. That would leuvo
a orop of 6,400,000 to be marketed, tho
1,600,000 being set aside as capital
etook for tho company and taken out of
tho available supply. Now I verily be
lieve that, 6,400,000 bales of cotton will
bring in valuo fully as much as 8,000,
000?tho dllYoronco which has gone to
speculators and manufacturers wih V
sot aside for tho producor in stock the
first year. Incase of a crop failure ho
has his stock In the company to fall
back on, and tho company can soli
part or all their cotton provided tho
price is high enough, but in no caso
permit the market to bo Hooded with
"To perfect tho system of operations
it would bo advisublu to have tho gins
in each county listed and tho number of
bales ginned reported to tho gcnoral
offloe. If possiblo It would bo a good
idea to control tho gins. If cotton
then comes in too frooly wo could noti
fy tho glnnors and have them suspend
operations until t be demand increased.
" Many farmer's would probably bo
wllllnff To** tho trust to luwidlo more
tha"-und bale out of every five, as you
, T#*l"iHaUo from a lotter, tho Hatclior
Manufacturing Company, of Columbus,
Ga., offers to subscribe 200 balos at tho
?'The affairs of tho trust would bo
kept as socrot as possible from tho
speculators and through our brunch
offices in all the counties of the cotton
bolt we would be in absolute posses
sion ol all facts concerning tho stato of
the orop at all periods of the yoar,
''The cotton contributed by tho pro
ducor, after bolng dellvored to tho oill
cers of the trus,t In oaoh county, would
bo stored, insured, graded and weigh
ed and stock to tho amount contributed
given to the producer.
" My plan would be to liavo ware
houses at evory gonoral rocclving
point. These could olther bo purchas
ed ready built at a logitlraato price
or arrangements could bo made with
warehouse owners to store and insui'O
at a very low rate. Tho waroliouse
receipts oould bo mado transferable or
bills of exchange, could bo used.
"Let books of subscription bo openod
at overy town and city in tho South.
In regard to tho management of tho
company, havo one. gonoral or head
office, say in New York, NeWOrleans
or Atlanta, with two general directors
from each cot ton growing Star /",-Yiavo
one office in each Stato,' "With ono di
rector (vom each county in that Stuto,
and havo sub-offices in all tho princi
pal cities and towns in tho difforont
States to control tho local cotton, all
to be controlled by tho gcnoral or head
"Let the head olllco instruct when
to soil certain lots of cotton or hold
until a certain prico is offered. Tho
farmer, in this way, could not 1k> forced
to sell his cotton. Arrange bo that in
ease a farmbr wishes to soli, suy ten or
ono hundred bales, with so much ad
vanced on it, ho might sell or transfer
his warohouso receipts to his credi
uffiTPT"* Tj<Wj' Alexandor & Co.,
maKe an estimate of tho presont aore
uge at 20,309,000. Nolll's ostlmato of
JO',250,000 balos Would signify a ylold
of ? little more than half a balo per
acre, whloh is preposterous. But an
?,000,000 balo crop at 5 cents roprosonts
a cash valuo of $200,000,000. If ono
fifth of this crop, or ono balo out of
every five was put into tho proposed
trust it Is estimated that its withdraw
al would Increase values 25 por cent,
giving a cash valuation to tho remain
ing four-fifths of tho orop, of $200,000,
O0? and $50,000,000 to tho 1,600,000
bales hold by tho trust. This shows
the wonderful possibilities In store for
tho producor in this scheme"
Mr. ilodduy was.closely questioned
on ?11 points connooted with his ?.inn
and in onoh Instance he gave r udy
niiHWorft, showing that ho had fully
mustered the subjoot.
j. ?. .Vaddell, presldont of thoGeor
fia Agricultural Society and Chairman
,ane thought that an ondorsemont of
plans at this timo would ho hasty
and 111 advisod. but tho,v wore ovorruled
by a majority of those prosont who sus
tained a motion to rooomuiond tho
'^The subject will doubtless como up
in regular form boforo the meeting of
the Southern Cotton Growers' Associa
tion at Jackson, Miss., on January Dtb
jJBjrh'e mooting passed resolutions giv
nt to tho notion
;hago?''' 'otto* Grower*' As
I ' *' >mor\.
Tho'building up of un enormous rfl <
servo of cotton, Hueh as would result]
from the sotting aside of one balo in .
every five gathered, would, tho officials
say, bo u most poworful argument for
tho boars; who are constantly seeking \
to pull down the prloe of cotton, and :
the result would be the tamo as that;
growing out ot tho constantly over
estimated invisible supply of wheat.
LThoso who have studied this question
assort that the know ledge of the fact
that this rosorvo supply of cotton was
in exlstcnco would tend to keep the
price down. Tho whole plan is, thus
believed, based upon a false promise.
Tho only remedy tho cotton grower
has, U, thoy say, to be found in tho
diminution of the acreage of cotton,
and the cultivation of other crops to
altornate with cotton. By this means
only can tho cotton crop bo reduced
nn<i the valuo increased.
AN ADDRESS ON COTTON.
WOKKING FOK BBTTKIl I'ltlCEH.
Commissioner Lano Believes lu Re*
during tho Crop?The Farmers
Commissioner Lano, of Alabama,
has issued an address to the cottom
growers of the South, whloh . was au
thorized by tho late meeting of the
cotton growers, hold in Montgomery.
" This oonventlon was called by my
solf for the purpose of considering and
devising means through which south
ern cotton growers might protect
themselves from the many unfair
devices used to depress the valuo of
our chief staple. The most prominent
one being flotitlous reports fabricated
in the main cotlon markets sent ou^l
by cotton exchanges and eman^fng
from the minds of men ^0 mako a
precarious living as.^ DQar8 on the
cottom markot^' ?" ijP
11?. >?3*quTotes largely from printed
?8i ?!i iutes sent out by i n tores ted parties
us to tho size of the present crop and
shows by figures that It will not
amount to anything like that what is
claimed. Ho shows by tho following
statomoht tho benefits to bo derived
from the producers coming togother
and acting lu harmony. Consequent
upon tho enormous crop produced lu
tho season 1891-1)2 a. cotton convention
was hold in Memphis under the
auspices of tho Mississippi Valley
Cotton Growers' Association. The re
cant convention at Montgomery was
eminently sutlsfuotory to all engaged
iu it. Tho express purposo of this
moeting was to take action towards
tho reduction of tho cotton acreage.
How well it succeeded in its effort,
history of cotton will bear us out. A
decreaso in ncroago followed tho
ensuing season ;92 and '93 of 3,460,439,
an ucroago that is larger than Is plant
ed In any and State with tho oxcoptlon
Pursuant to the Memphis cotton
convention cotton advanced seventeen
points in three days. Pursuant to tho
Montgomery mooting cotton values
advanced twonty-sovon points. Wheth
er those two occurences wore coin
cidental, or whether they were caused
directly or indirectly by these farmers j
in convention assembled, it is for tho
country to judge, but to my mind It is
a practical demonstration of a fact
thut tho vibrations of tho cotton
market aro us sensitive and rosponslvo
to tho touch of a convention of practi
cal furmors as they uro to manipula
tions of metropolitan fakirs.
" Tho dominating question confront
ing tho farmers. Iii st, is to refute the,
Inqultous reports being Bent out by
unscrupulous persons, and bearing
down prcsont prices, and secondly, to
co-operato in an endoavor to again
decreaso tho acroago by planting the
sumo in. and producing more 'homo
"Over production oncouragos and
fosters manipulation, und it should bo
tho effort of evory intelligent and
patriotic eitizon of tho South to enlist
all the instrumentalities available to
resist this current that is insidiously
day by day drifting uo into tho vortex
of poverty and destitution.
There is less visible supply on hand
thun for yours. Mills nave less on
hand, pooplo havo less clothes on ac
count of tho onforcod economy of hard
Tho total visible supply of cotton in
the world is 222,205 bales less than in
1893, and 605,414 loss than 1892
Tho currency and tariff questions
aro virtually Bottled and all tho In
dications at present point to a speedy
return of goneral prospority, and eot
ton prices must naturally rulo higher.
" We aro of tho opinion that after all
this matter can only bo accomplished
by independent individual action,
stimulated by intelligent argument,
and I shall undertake to prove that
to a great extent it la cno ovor-pro
duction of cotton In excess of its con
sumption that is causing the falling
off in values until it has reached that
point which makes it loss than can
possibly bo produced by Southern plan
Ho concluded his address by saying :
The convention at Montgomery ad
'vmirued to moot at Jaokson, Miss., on
tho soeond Wcdnosday^in January 1895,
when and where wo wilPcndouvor to go
into a permanent organization under
tho namo of tho Southorn Cotton Grow
ers' Protectlvo Assoolntion. Tho
various Governors of tho States will bo
requested to appoint four delegates
from oach Congressional district and
three from tho State at largo. Tho
commloners of agriculture woro olootod
vlco presidents for their rospoctivo
States. I urge upon all farmors and
othors interested In this movement to
attend the mcotlng at Jackson, as It is
a question of the gravest Importance
to tho common country."
UKDUOE THIS AC11EAGE.
Hon ml Doctrine fbr tho Cotton Grow*
ors of tho South.
It is reported ofGallileo that when
ho began to promulgate his theory of
tho motion of tho earth, ho was turn
od'over to tho Inquisition. His theory
was regarded as horotieal, and in
hopes of making him recant, the In
quisition subjected him to severe
penalties. Among other things, ho
was thrown into prison and oach day
required U> recite throo penitential
Psalms mi* prny for forgiveness. Ho
obeyed tho deoreo of the Inquisition;
but it is rolated that he novor failod
to supplement oaeh prayer with tho
declaration : " But it movos for all
For years past The Enqulror has
been urging "cotton as a surplus " as
tho only salvation of tho South. We
do not claim to have discovered tho
Ideu, and perhaps our steadfastness is
not eompnrublo to that of Gallllco;
but until wo aro subjected to the
ponalties of tho Inquisition, we say
now und horo, that wo will continue
to hold that thooxpodlent whloh offers
the groat proratsoof rollof to tho farm
ers of tho South, is tho reduction of
Wo huvo thought about this matter
a great deal since tho war, and wo
aro thinking of it now. Wo recall
the names of qi.itp a number of good
farmers in this potion who started
ling all cotton, and who liuve
Wo do m/t recall the najnu of
The all cotton plan, U in true, brings
tuoiv money iuto tho country than
dors tue cotton a?.a surplus plan ; hut
it also takes iuo.ro out. The man who
raises Iiis own ^vippiioa?coru, meat,
bread,-hay, etc.?and cotton as a sur
plus, knows thkt ho is working for
liiiusolf, and that except la the matter
of cotton,,ho will ro,.*llzo the full value
of ail his'labor; The, man who raises
ail cotton and do ponds upon buying
his supplies, is never in a position to
toll what bo is doing ; but can always
to pay more for corn, moat, flour, hay,
etc.. than those necessities would have
cost him if ho bud raised them at
, A reduction of the acreage uow in
cotton, to say one half, means that
the other half is to bo dovot?* to the
produotlon of various necessities that
are now produced with money derived
from the sale of cotton. Tlds would
onlv bring tho farming business down
to a proper and legitimate buses. The
profits on cotton are smaller than those
on almost any other farm product, and
tho idea of raising cotton for the pur
pose of getting money-with which to
buy other producta, whloh 'sould have
been raised cheaper, is clearly ruinous.
The plans of Mr. Roddey for tho
organization of the cotton farmers of
tho South are good. Wo ondorso thorn
most hoartity; but. at fhe same time,
wo want to Impress It upon our readers
that their principal value does not He
in their trust feature. Our people
should not place all tholr confidence
in the proposed trust. They should
remember that if production continues
as groat as now, prices must continue
low. Tho only way to raise prices is
to decrease production, and tho safest
and most profitable way to doorcase
produotlon Is to decrease acreage.
With reduced acreage, reduced pro
duction, and the people fortified with
an abundanoe of home raised supplies,
tho proposed trust will then be in a
position ?tit in some work- L
. WJhi say three-fourths of the cottd?-B
Airop of the South in the hands of a
trust.composed of producers able to
hold it, it will bo easy enough to tell
tho world that cotton Is worth 10 cents
a pound, and also to realize that or
any other reasonable price. But
before this can come to pass, it must
be distinctly understood that there
must be a thorough organization for
tho reduction of prod notion and for the
reduction of tho aoreage.
ONE-THIRD IN COTTON.
An Effort to Organize the Farmers?
Reduce Cotton and Increase Food
The following memorial was present
ed last woek to tho Georgia Legisla
Eatonton, Ga.. Nov. 15.1804.
To tho Gonoral Assombly of Georgia :
Tho farmers of Putnam County, ro
I allzlng that prompt and practical action
must taken to reduco the cotton crop
another year and increase food crops,
have in mass mooting agreed upon the
following plan as the cost and most
business-like ono to that ond :
Lot tho Commissioner of Agriculture
for Georgia cause to be sent to every
militia district In tho State a blank,
for signatures, binding tho signers to
plant next year one-third of their eultl
vatable lands In cotton and the rest In
food crops; lot these blanks be circulat
ed simultaneously in evory militia dis
trict, and tho work fur signatures com
pleted ten days after it is begun, and
tho lists then returned to some gonoral
headquarters for each county, after
which lot tho Governor of tho Stato
call a Stato convention of farmers for
organization looking to tho carrying
out in good faith of the agreement, and
in tho meantimo let tho Governor and
the Commissioner of Agrioulturo bring
the plan to the attention of the proper
otflcicals In the othor cotton-growing
I States and ask their speedy co-opera
^The mass mooting referred to ap
pointed the undersigned committee to
memorialize the Legislature oh the
subject, and in accordanco with the re
solution for thoir appointment, your
memorialists beg that you wsll give re
cognition aud aid to the plan aa quickly
tu? possible by requesting tho Governor
and Commissioner of Agrioulturo to
proceed as contemplated.
(Signed): J. T. Donnls, chairman : G.
W. Adams, secretary; A. W. Athon, W.
D. Kohl, John Sammons, George
Wheoler, E. A. Nlsbet, A. E. Dance,
W. P. Wllcoxon. T. M. Merlwethor.
W. B. Martin, Sponoo Rhone, (colored)
Wibor Balloy, (colored), Goorge Gant,
(colorod), Willis Griffin, (colored,) com
After being read tho papor was re
I ferred to tho committee on agrioulturo
RAILWAY Til A V Eli IN INDIA.
I Impressions and Experiences oi' an
American Artist in Hiding Through
The followlnjrj^rt'jh'oTirie on tho
ail'.f?y ia-Tridla Is from the November
number of Harper's Magazine, and is
written by Edwin Lord Weeks, a
notod painter. His reference to the
mongoose is of present Interest to this
section of tho United States, since it
has peon rumored that Mr. Vanderbilt
proposed to introduce this animal on
his extensive grounds noar Ashevillo,
N. C, but which has boon denied on
good authority. Tho extract is as fol
Tho Jodhpoie and Blkanlr mall left
at tho usual early hour. I was fortu
nate enough to find an empty compart
ment, and, In fact, there was no other
European on the train. Tho life along
the read had lost nothing of its primi
tlvo oharactor. At " Metra Road"
some belated passengors mounted on
camels woro hurrying to catch tho
train along tho sandy track whioh led
from tho distant village, They were
porched high up on the double seated
saddles of tho country, und each pair
of ridors clung fraternally to oaoh
othor as they Dobbod up and down,
keeping time to the bom'. -break ing
strides of their camels. While tho
master, wearing tho jaunty little
Jodhopo turban above his well-oiled
locks, sat in front, the servant took
tho back Boat, holding aloft in one
hand tho family " hookah." At the
station tho oamols knelt down, bubbling
and moaning, whilo their riders de
scended and hurried in to buy thoir
tickets. Here tho guard telegraphed
to Jodhporo, that tiffin might be roady
on our arrival; for should ono negloot
to take this prcoautlon ho would pro
bably find nothing to eat but orangos
and fat " ohupattles," and to drink,
only coffee-colored wator poured from
goat-skins. Everywhere in India, and
moro particularly in these native
states, pooplo are in the habit of
carry i ng about with them considerable
live-stock of various kinds. To bo
more specific, I refdr to the mammals
and birds trained to assist It the oap
turo of game. Tho railway hand
books abound with curious Informa
tion and rules Interesting to tho
naturalist. " Sheep, pigs, goats,
calves, If sent singly, small tame deer,
etc., and tlgor, panther, and ohoetah
cubs in cages and which nro so young
as to bo harmless, if carried by pas
senger trains, are charged at doublo
tho dog rates for each animal." "Cats,
forrots, mongooses, monkeys, and rab
bits, secured with a collar and chain,
uro chargoable us dogs,"
Prudent natives, when shifting their
quarters during tho snako season, fre
quently tako along tho family mon
Sooso as a precautionary measure,
'or thoso unfamiliar with this unpre
?sossing but harmless little beast it
to tho lohuouraon caste, and as hin \
vocation in tha killing of snaked, he is |
everywhere a welcome visitor. He}
looks something liko an under-sized
otter, is quick and spasmodic in his
movements, and ?s often found under
tho hod in a long-vacant Dak bunga
low, whence bo suddenly scuttles away
as the door is opened and disappears
with a whisk of his tail In thochfmney
place or down tho nearest hole.
At one station four coolies passed
along the platform carrying aloft a
i r?te;** oo - which reposed a
cheetah, oA^b,"d and blindfolded.
When we first caught sight of him he
was sitting up like a cat, with his ears
lying flat agalnBt his head, wearing
the sulky and Injured look whioh all
folincB .nave under adverse circum
stances, A few passengers who got
off before wo reached Jodhpore were
provided with falcons and hawks, seme
of thorn so large and bulky as to bo
rather unwiedly: and while these pas
sengers fumbled for their tickets, the
birds sat on their shoulders, or balanc
ed themselves on the volomlnous tur
bans. Tho train reached Jodhpore at
noon, and mado a long halt. In the
little restaurant tiffin for oqo was
roady on tho table, and for tho sum of
one rupee was uncommonly liberal in
quantity. Ham and eggs, chops, and
a broiled chicken woro the principal
items which were inscribed on the
unvarying bill of faro framed and hung
on the wall. The environs of the station
were hardly recognizable, so groat
had been the ohange in six years.
Where all had been sand before thoro
were now dense gardens, and tho dark
and glossy green foliage tempered the
rawness of the now stone houses which
had sprung up on every side. Had It
not been for the distant castle and the
desert ridge, one might have fanolod
one's self in some now suburban town
of the far West. From this point on,
the line Is new, and after leaving the
station wo passed close to the modern
palace of the Rajah, built of dark rod
stone, with innumerable white cupolas,
and covering a great extent of ground.
While the train waited at Jodhporo
a portly and consequential personage
entered tho compartment, attended as
far as the door by a youth in a orlmson
froekooat ornamented with black vel
vet collar and cuffs and brass buttons,
_d wearing yollow plaid breeches
amTa SbaTiVt ? IffP&an. The personage
woro gold rings oh his toes as well as
in. his ears, and he was foiiowcJ hy
several retainers, who spread ouVhis
bedding on the opposite divan, und
after making him comfortable they
all left for their own compartments.
Either from curiosity, or from a
desire to be agreeable?for the Indian
who has not traveled much in English
speaking countries still considers it a
mark of courtesy to show an intorost
in his fellow-man?my vis-a-vis pro
ceeded to opon a conversation. Moteo,
who had boon installed on tho plat
form, was called in to interpret, and
having explained my object in visiting
Bikanlr to my fellow-travolor, ho an
nounced himself to be a member of
tho Regency Council of that state.
Now thoro is one tiling in which tho
Indian caste system is more fortunate
than ours. He who is born to the
purple wears his birthright emblazou
ed on his forehead in tho shape of a
caste-mark. He has besides a dis
tinguishing costume, and moreover
his faco shows tho hereditary stamp
of his race, so that there Is no mistak
ing any one of baser origin for a mem
ber of that limited but augu t ordor.
Either his dross or his easto-mark is
equivalent to tho legond sometimes
seen on patent-medicine bottles, "To
imitate this is felony." and indeed it
would be felony of the deepest dye,
unpardonable in this world or the
next, to infringe on tho Rajpoot patont
of nobility. During our journey to
Bikanlr tho councillor frequently par
took of food, strange hoimepath ic little
messes of yollow paste, pomegranate
seeds, and sliced cucumbers in small
glass dishes, whtlo ho'gosslpod with his
" bearer," who sorved them on a tray
at his foot. When timo hung heavy
on his hands ho would get up and
' change some article of clothing, and
late in the afternoon his servants
brought him an entire outfit, assisting
him first to pull off his thin under
vost, showing an oxpanso of glossy
brown skin. They then procooded to
wind him up in a long piece of warm
tinted white muslin of dolieato iilmy
texture, and bordored with red. This
function, like exorcise, seemed to ro
now his appetite, and ho hud anothor
"go" at tho little glass dishes. A
, slldlng-door at ono end of tho eompart
' ment opened on to a narrow platform
with a leather seat at ouch end, which
could bo oponod across tho platform or
shut down against the rail when not In
?An amusing inoldent occurred at
Barnwoll Court during tho charge of
Judge Wlthersnood to tho jury, says
the correspondent - of the Augusta
Chronicle Tho Judge made a mistake
in calling the namo of Qary Owens, tho
defendant, and referred to him repeat
edly as John Gary Evans, tho Governor
elect of South Carolina. After the
charge wasdellvorod an attorney call
ed tho Judge'sattontlon to tho mistake
he had made, so ho recalled the jury
and corrected tho error by saying that
on account of tho similarity of names
ho had erroneously referred to tho de
fendant as John Gary Evans.
?In tho year 1803 a perfect shower
of stones foil in tho farming country
adjacent to L'Alglo, Franco, upward
of 3,000 separate stones falling upon a
wodg-shaped section of country eight
miles long by about four miles wido.
A prosperous year would bring a rain
of rooks in this country.
?Farmer Gibson, near Avona, Ponn.,
has raised a family of 13 squashes on
one vino, tho smallest of which weigh
ed 117 and tho largest 141 4 pounds.
Which is the Best to Try,
out of all the medicines that
claim to help women? Wouldn't
it seem to be the one which
costs you nothing unless it
does help ? That is Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription. There's
no other. But if that doesn't
benefit or cure, in the case of
every tired or ailing woman,
she'll have her money back.
In building up exhausted or
overworked women, and in all
the weaknesses and disorders
of womanhood, nothing can
compare with this medicine.
For periodical pains, prolapsus
and other displacements, bear
ing - down sensations, weak
back, and " female complaints"
of every kind, it is a safe, cer
tain, and guaranteed remedy.
flee If Dr. lingo's Catarrh
'icinedy won't euro you, If
you're suffering from Ca*
tarrb. Then, If you can't
be cured, the makers will
pay you $00? In cask.
Tho K*. "aim*
POSH - A ii
Almost every ona who hAs traveled
along the Western und Atlantic Hall
road since the war has seen the lonely
grave at tho entrance of tho historic*
pass at Allatonua. Ca., right alongside
of the railroad truck. It la tho grave
of an unknown soldier, who.was buried
by his comrades ic this romautio spot,
where a fierce conflict was waged be
tween the Federals and Con federates
during Sherman's march towards At
lanta. No one knows to whloh army
the soldier belonged, and this fact
gives a peculiar interest to his resting
pl*ce~. Soon after tb,o war a headstone
was erected by the railroad authori
ties, and the inscription briefly told
tho story of his burialflos an unknown
and unldontlticd soldier. A recent
number of the Atlanta Constitution
has the following in reference to this
"It's an old story?a story pretty
much worn, liko tho sands of the sea
shore, by constant and continuous toss
ing?but a. stary,. novertholess, that
will never (grow old?a story, which,
like the pebbles en the.shore, is bright
ened by the corrosive polish from the
hand of time. I refer to the pretty
narratlvo that tells of the unknown
soldlor burlod by the railroad track in
Allutoor a pass."
It was Major J. L. McCullom, super
intendent of the West et a Atlantic
Railroad, who said this.
M It would probably amuse you," ho
went on, " to observe what interest is
felt In that soldier's grave, even in
these piping i i in es of peace, when the
bugle-blast is hushed und warriors are
at rest. I never go up tho road that I
do not see one or more passengers on
tho train go to. the sido of the oar to
look down upon the fellow there asleep.
It is particularly Interesting at this
period of the year to watch the North
ern visitors who nro traveling down
from the cold country around the lakes
on their way to Florida?how they all
know about tho grave of the unknown
hero and how they all loan far out of
the oar to see the grave. I don't sup
pose there is over a single passenger
train that passes - Allatoona with
out somebody looking out to seo tho
" Tt ?11 servos to show that even in
those lato days of American develop
ment?these days of strife after theJ
almlgliTy* ^tollur?these days when
America has grow u light-hearted, so
t 'ioy say, and all that sort of thing?It
o dy shows Ihr.t even amid suoh condi
tions tho spark of patriotism sli. i burns
la every American heart and heroism
is still at a premium. I love to seo
suoh traditions kopt up.. I am glad
that the grave iu kopt green, that tho
rail road company has seen fit to eucloso
it with an iron railing, which was re
cently done, and tliut flowers are
strown On the little mound of clay
every memorial day. Lot his memory
Speaking of this unknown soldier's
f'fravo thero l.avo been mar.,, pretty
Iterary trihutos to the bravo youth
who lies at tho threshold of tho his
toric Allatoona pass. Foots havo sung
of him, and tho t-k ch artist has paid
him pretty tribute. One of tho daint
iest little skotehes ever written about
tho tradition was from the pen of the
editor of the. old Marietta Journal. If
It had been prLiUcd without credit in
tho days of tho luto Henry W. Grady,
pooplo would vow the distinguished
Grady wrote it, eo mueh like his word
pictures is tho sketch in question.
Hore Is un oxtruct from tho sketch :
" He was so; 10 mother's darling, and
perhaps when tho cruel war was over,
she wiped her tuar-bedimmod eyes and
through I er spectacles watched for tho
coming of her soldlor boy, but he came
not. Still she prayed and gazed down
tho routl and b ;unued the face of evory
pasfior-by ; eve ry footstep that sounded
on tho walk hor. eager ours caught up
with expectancy; hor heart boat faster
and thrilled with hope; her eyes
kindled with joy; her wrinkled face
lighted up wild a smile, and her old
arms, no doubt, involuntarily wont out
to clasp to her bosom her darling boy ;
but she was doomed to disappointment;
it was her neighbor's boy who had re
turned, and not hers; and sadly she
turned buok to her old arm chair by
tho window, she choked down tho
heart sobs and cleared away the unhid
den tea?*s aud wondered why her boy
did n' ome. No tidings came of his
whoroabouts. She did not know that
tho boy whom eho saw proudly loavo
homo In his now suit of gray in re
sponse to his country's call, ut that
momeut filled an unknown gravo. Per
haps, after many years of waiting, she,
too, has gone ovor the river of death,
and, with her boy, will bo a shadowy
witness of the oroction of tho head
stone to the memory of 1 An Unknown
iWariilna to Expectant...
Many Internal remedies aro being skill-$
fully and slimy advertised, professing tow
; Shorten Labor, Lessen Pains of Child-0
h, birth, etc., un'l with wonderful Inconslst
enoy to regulato raonstruation. Common
?senao should touch any womau tuataprop
ftf auulnu adapted for
? MENSTRUAL DISORDERS
5k will not proparo the system for Child
Xbirth; on the contrary, imkiinm. hkmb
dies at this tlmo may imperil her life. We
& earnestly say BEWARE of all suoh; thoy
J8J cannot, at tins critical period, do any possf
ble good, and their use may prove fatal.
It Is only by insistent kxtkuhat. treat
ment while cnclento, thus relaxing and
jaHoltonli.'.; all tho parts, that tho hour of
5J Child-birth Is robbed of its terror; and no
remedy on earth does this but
..." MOTHER'S FRIEND."
For further information nddress
THE BRADFIE'.O REGULATOR COMPANY,
SURE CURE FOR
Corns and Bunions,
Burns and Old Sores,
Scald Head and Ringworm,
Caked Breast and Sore Nip
ples, Weak and Sprain
A special ointment is modo and sold
for i tel. and Itching Piles, which is
guaranteed to glvo satisfaction.
Evory box of SMITH'S VULCAN
OINTMENT is sold with tho under
standing that the money will be re
funded if not satisfactory.
Highest testimonials furnished as to
Its offlcaoy iu Files, Rhoumatism, Neu
Sold by dealers in mcdioino every
where at 26 and 50 eonts per box, or
mailed to any address on receipt of
price In postago stamps or ourrenoy.
Sample boxes' froo.
W. j. Smitu, Uolo Proprietor,
Groenvlllo, S. I .
>r in ordering.
Highest of all iu Leavening Power.?Latest U. S. Cov^ Report
osltles in Pearls.
10 value of pearls has been* In all
ages commensurate with their beauty.
In the East, especially, they have been
greatly admired, aud enormous sums of
mouey have boon paid for them. Pliny |
observes that pearls are tho most valu- !
able and excellent of all precious j
stonos; and from our Saviour's compar
ing the kingdom of heaven to a pearl,
it Is evident they must have boon hold
in very high estimation at that time.
It is said that Julius Caesar gave a
poarl to tho mother of Marcus Brutus
that was valued at 43,417 pounds and 10
shillings of our present money: and
Cleopatra dissolved one worth 2n0,000
in vinegar, whi"h she drank at the
supper with Mark Antony.
From time Immenorial thoro have
been fisheries of pearls in the Persian
Gulf, tho lied Soa, and in tho bays of
Coylon ; and when Columbus arrived in
the Gulf of 1 'aria on his first voyage to
Amorioa he was astonished to find tho
precious gems abounding there in un
parallod quantities. His men landed,
and saw the Indian women adorned
with splendid pearls round their nocks;
but thoir possosssor seem to havo boon
perfoctly ignorant of the true valuo of
tho geius. as It is recorded that an In
dian woman gave one of tho sailors four
rows of her pearls merely In exchange
for a broken earthenware plate.
The Spanish King forbade any ono
to go within fifty leagues of tho plaeo
such riches were found without tho
royal permission, and took possession
Of the fisheries for himself ; but 80
cruolly did tho Spaniards bohavo
to tho natives, making thorn perforco
divo for them, and brutally Ill-treating
them whon they were unsuccessful in
Searl Unding, that "ono morning at
awn the Indians assailed tho Spani
ards, made a sanguinary slaughter of
t hem, ami, with dancing and leaping,
ate them, both monks and laymen."?
Tho Gentleman's Magazine.
?Father?Why is it that you havo
no monoy tho day after you rocolvo
your salary V Son?It Is not my fault,
daddy?It is all owing to other pooplo.
A STRANGE CASE.
How an Enemy was Foiled.
Tho following graphic statement will be
rend with lntonso interest: "I cannot describe
the numb, creopysensatlonthatoxlsted In my
arms, hnnds and logs. I had to rub and bent
thoso parts until 1 hoy wore sore, to ovorcome
In n moasuro tho dead feeling that had tnkon
possession of them. In addition, I had a
Btrnngo woaknessdn my back and around my
waist, together with an lndoscrlbablo 'gone'
fooling In my stomach. Physicians raid It
was creeping paralysis, from which, accord
ing to thoir universal conclusion, thcro is no
rcliof. Once it fastens upon a person, they
say, It continues its insidious progress until
It reaches a vital point and the sufferer dlos.
Such was my prospoct. I had been doctoring
a year and a half steadily, but with no par
ticular benefit, whon I saw an advertisement
of Dr Miles Rostoratlvo Norvlne, procurod a
bottlo and began using it. Murvolous as U
may seem, but a fow days had passed beforo
every bit of that croopy feollng had loftnio,
and thoro has not boon evon tho slightest
Indication of its return. I now foci as
well us I over did, and havo gained ten
pounds In weight, though I had run down
from 170to 137. Four others havo used Dr.
Mlloa' Rostoratlvo Norvinnon my rcconion
datlon, and it has boon as satisfactory in tliolr
cases as in mine."?James Kane, La Ruo, O.
Dr. Miles' Rostoratlvo Nervine is sold by all
druggists on a positive guarantee, or scut
direct by the Dr.^tilos Medical Oo.. Elkhart.
Ind., on receipt of price, ti per bottlo. six
bottles for express prepaid. It is fro* from
i Of dangorouH drugs.
Soldiby Carpenter Bros., Druggists.
Greenville, S. C.
Wood Working Machinery.
Uriel and Tile "
Parrel Slavs M
Grain Threshing "
Haw Mill M
Rice Hulling "
1NUIN1I AND HOI L BUI.
Utats Agency lor Tullmtt A Sons' *??
pines and Boilers, Saw and Grist Mills;
Brewers' Uriel; Machinery, Dnuhle
Sciow Cotton Presses; Thomas' Direct
Aettng Hiram (no belts); Thomas'
Cotton Elevators: flail A Lummu*'
Gins; Knglehortr Uie<> Hollers; 11. B.
Smith A Co.'s Woou-Working Machin
ery, PUnorw, hand fcinws, Mouhlors, Mer
tisurs; Tenenors' comprising ?.omplets
equipment lor Sash, Door ami Waaea
Paotorlos: DeLoaehn'a Plantation Ihw
Mills, variable teed.
BKLTING, FITTINGS AND MACHIN
Write ma for prices.
V. 0. HA Dil A VI, Mansger,
And Base Boards,
Now is the time to put Up your wire
scroen doors and sash. We uro soiling
T. C. GOWER & SON,
C4ty Warehouse. - - Groenville. S C
A ATI.AN I 1C (OAST LINE. I'A>
iV wger Department. Wilmington
N. jjO, Nov. 18, lsi>4. Fast Line between
Charleston and Columbia and Uppsr
South Carolina, and Western North Caro
lina and Athens and Atlanta. Condonsod
Going West I 8TATION8. I Going JTTs
7 1ft Lv.Charleston.?j
8 48 Lv.Lanes .Ai
Ar. .. .Atlanta.Lvl 8 16
Ar.Chnrlotte.N.O.Lv 0 80
Ar.\ r.iu vconr.Lv.ll 16
Ar.GreenvlBo.Lv 10 16
fOO Ar.Walhalla .Lv
8 28 Ar.Abbeville .Lv
2 6" Ar.hpHrtanhury . . . Lv
61? Ar ... fiondor'vllle, N.C.Lv
6 20 Ar AshevlMe.N.O Lv
?Dally. No*. 62 and 68 selld trains
butW'vn ' lenie.ti.ii and Clinton, s. C
II. M. KMi.KM)N,IAsas. Gen. Pats. Ag't
L R. K KN I.Y, T. M. KMEK80N,
' OeeM. Manager. Tratte Manager.
Nkgbo and the House.?Thero
mo for everything, and tbesocrot
of success in lifo lies in doing thin^aot
just tho right minute.
A veterinary surgeon had oeeaslon
to instruct a colored stableman how to
administer medicine to an aillug hor.se.
Ho was to go tu common tin tube?a
beau biowor?put a doso of the medi
cine In it, insort ono end of tho tube
into the horse's mouth, aud blow
vigorously into the other ond, and so
force the medioine down the horse's
Half an hour afterward, tho colored
man appeared at the surgeon's ollico,
looking very much out of sorts.
"What is tho matter?" inquirod tho
doctor, with some conoern.
11 Why, boss, dat boss, ho?ho blew :
?The Cotton States and Internation
al Exposition Company has closed a
contract with Chicago parties for tho
erection of a scenio railway. It will
have an undulating truck and cover
700 foot of space. Tho same concern
had a soenio rail way at tho Midwinter
Exposition in San Frauolsco and it wpb
one of the most popular features.
? Minister?So you say that you saw
somo boys out fishing, Sunday, Bobbio.
I hope you did something to discourage
them. Bobbie?Oh, yos, sir: I stole
H. Y. 8IMPSON. C. D. BAKKSDALB
SIMPSON A HAHKSDALK,
Attorneys at Law,
LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA
Hp?#lal attention given to tho Investi
gation of titles and collection of elalma
?. W. BAt.Ii. Ei. W. HIMKINR. W. W. Bill,
BAI.L1, SlJil KINS A It VI.I
Attorneys at Lnw,
Laukkns, South Carolina.
pill practice in all State and Unite*
States Court. Special attention give*
T. JOHNSON. W. R. KIOJMT
JOHNSON A HIOHET,
ATTORNEYS at law.
Ovfiui?Fleming's Cornor, Northwea
aide of Public Square.
LAURBNS, - SOUTH CAROLINA.
W. II. MA KT IN,
Attorney at Law?
Laurens, - South Carolina.
Will prentice in all Courts of this Miele
Atteatiea givon te cullaoti??*.
SODTHERN RAILWAY CO.
PIEDMONT AIR LINE.
CONDENSED BOlleOUfaH OH" PAHHKMOKil Tojujra,
Nov 18th. lKUt. DaUy
Atlanta 0 time
Atlunta k lliue
No 30'No.lS No. 34
Daily ' Dally , Dully
Ar. Washington ..
" Daltlui'o p.h.b
" Philadelphia .
" New YorU.
U OO111! '.'.so i>j 8.00 a
LOO p110.00 ))i 9.1X1 ti
.110.37 pi it.44 a
.Ill.oa p 10.17 a
iM p U.'J.' p UI.47 a
.'11JH p 11.11 H
. .11.40 ii
.12.41 a l i.or. p|
. 1.17 a 12.43 p
. .I i..w a 13.51) p
4.40 p 2.02 a 1.33 ]
6.37 p| 8.00 a
CIS pi 4.01 a
.I 4.4a a
7*i p r>.oo a
. 5.23 n
.I ft.*; a
9 00 1
13.00 ;. 11.::. a 11.25 a113.60 ?
CM a| 4.60 l)! 0.40
Lv Now York v.b.b 4.80 p
Ualtlmoro. ? ?
" Mount Airy...
Ar Atlanta E time
No. 3 7 No. 85
10.48 p 11.01 a
19.00 a 12.30 n 12.60 a
0 A. a
i i j37" ?
6.66 p 7.00 u
11.00 p 12.20 n.
11.36 p 1.04 p
.! 1.2* p|
19.13 ai 1.61 p
. 2.10 p
1.00 a 2.61 p
12.28 pi 1.52 a' 4.06 p
1.16 p 2.40 a r.:: 1 p
3.01 a| 6.01 p
6.20 n'10.30 p|
Ar Atlanta C tlmol 3M p| 6/20 n| o.'ao p
"A" a. m. "P." p. m. "M." noon "N." night.
Pullman Car Sorvlco: Nos. 33nnd 30 Uni
ted State? Fast Mall, Pullman Sleeping Cars be
tween Atlanta Montgomery, and Now York.
Nos. 87 and 38?Washlnnton and Southwestern
Vestibuled Limited,Through Pullman Sleopori
bstweon New- York and Now Orleans, via Atlan
ta and Montgomery,and also botwocn New Yorii
and MemphU, via Atlanta and lilrinlugham
Mos. 11 and IS, Pullman Sleeping Car between
Rlohtnond, Dnivllleand G#consboro.
Trains Nos. S3 and 34?Tho Now York Florida
Short Line L?nitod?havo Pullman Care, als?
First Class day coaehes from Charlotto U
Washington without ohange.
Note ronner t .on of Nos. 11 atvl 19 with Nos ta
and M at Charlotte.
W.A.TURK, ?. H. HARD WICK,
Qen'l Pass. Ag't. Ats't Gonoral Pass Ag't
Washing-tow, J>. O. Atlanta, OA
W. D. RYDl'.t, Superintendent, Charlotte,
W. H. ORKEN, J. M. GULP.
Qen'l M gr., Trafllo Mn'gr.
Washinuxow. D. a Washiavtoa D. O
Rebuked.?At an excited political
meeting a Mr. liay was called upon to
move a resolution. This gentleman
did net suit the taste* of tho noisy
one*, and they drowned v's v?iiee with
t he.r tummult. Th" chairman vainly
tried to re??uro oider. At la*t getting
? xaoperuted, he shouted nt tho tup of
iiis voiee :
" 1 havo only one word to say. Wili
you hear Mr. Hay V
" No !" yelled the disturbers.
" Then all I have to say Is this is tho
first instance on record of jock assess
refusing bay !"
Magnetto Nervine quickly restores
lost manhood and youthful vigor. Solr1
by Carponter Bros., Greenville, 8. C.
Johnson's Oriental Soap is far super
ior to all tho other so-called medicinal
so; <s for beautlfylug tho complexion.
Sold by Carpenter Bros., Greenville,
Men aro made manly, tho old made
young and vigorous by Magnolie Ner
vi no. Sold by Carponter Bros., Greeti
ville, 8. C.
itch on human, mango on hor^os
dogs and ail stock, oured in 30 rain"*'^
oy Wolford's Sanitary Lotion. '
never fails. Sold by Sloan Bros., Dru,
gist, Greenville. S. C.
U toU with wrl
X euralgla andWn
Tobacco and A
ho); Mental Dap
w. ?...- slon. Softenin.
Iho Brain, causing Mlsory, Insanity and Don
Barrcnes*, Impotency, Lost Power in olther
Pr?matur* Old Ags, Involuntary cm
or over-lnilulitence, ovor-exortlou of the Uraln
Errors of Youth. It gives to Weak Organs t.
Natural Vigor and doubles the leys of life: ca
Lucorrbwa and Female Weakness. A month's trt
roout. In plain package-, by mall, to any add rem?,
per box,? boxtw*S. With every fA order we glv
Written Ounrantaa to cure or refund the mon
Circulars free. Guarantee lseuod only by our
Carpkntf.u Bros , Greenville, s
SOUTHERN RAILWAY (
Condensed SoUodule, in Kffeol Oct. Sis
Trains ran toy 7Mh Meridian tl?w.
12.66 p m
I. 10 p m
ArTcilnton .... \Ex Sun).12.36 p m
Laurons.... (Ex Sum. 1 3.10 p m
'? Greenwood. 2.58 p m
" Hodges..13 18 p m
" Abbovllio.v| 3 oa"pm
?? Bel t on.li .O'ipm
?' AndrrHou.I 4 it p m
" Senco.i . 5.40 pm
" Walhalla.! 0.15 p m
" Atlanta'...I i0.30 pm
STATIONS. i~ Daffy
II. 16 am
" Seneca ..
Ar. Don.i.d s..
tv. Abi'sviiio". .ill.team
Hodges.~.j 12 ri pni
" Greenwood. 12.56 pm
" Nlnoty-Slx ... .I 1.38pm
" Lauren's pSi Sun >.110 io am
" Clinton (Ex Sun)....| 11.10 am
?' Newi erry. | 2.30 pm
8 .'? pm
Between Anderson. Helton and Greenville.
' Dally. I ' I iT?iTyT
No. llj_STATIONS._| No. H.
8.08 p. uvLv..Anderson .Ar|12 07 pm
? 11.45 am
I 1.03 uta
4.05 p. ml " .Holton
4.25 p. mj ".WlUtamston
4 31 p. in ".? .Polsor ?. i
6.16 p. ni|Ar..Oresuvills.Lv
llotweeu (Joltiiiihln anil Aahevllle.
ILv?harHsi on Ar;..18.45 pm
?? . .Alston...
'?.Union. ... ?
?? ...ton sville ?
" . Pat I t .. '
ArSpui nv Lv
,Lv Spurt'b gArl
Ar Ash vllle L
Nos. II and 12 are solid trains between Charles
ton and Walhalla.
Trains leave Spartannurg, A. and C. division,
northbound, A 01 a. m., :W) p. m., 6.22 p. m., (Vos
tlbuled Llmltodl; soutbbound. 12.67 n. 111., 2.56 p.
in . 11.37 a. in . (Vostlhuled l.lmttod); west
boun<l. W. N. C. Division. 3.16 p. m. for Hendor
Trains leave Greonville. A. and C. Division,
northbound, 3a.m. 3.36p.m., and 6.P.0 p m.,(Vos
tlfiulcd Limited); souihoouud. 1.62a. m., 4.05 p.
nt., 13.28 p. in., (Veatlbuled Limited).
Trains loavo Seneca. A. andC. DlvUinn, north
sound, 1.4(i a- m. and 12.60 p. m.; southbound, 8.01
a. m. and 6.01 p. in.
Pullman Pnlaoe Sleeping Cars on Trains 85
and 37 and 33, on A. and C. Division.
W. H. GKEKN. J. M. CULP,
Gon'IMg'r, Traffic Mgr.
Washington, d. C.
e. BERKELEY, Su??., Columbia, S o.
w.A.TURK, S.h. hardwick,
Gen t Pass. Agt., Ass't Oen'l Pass. Agt,,
Washington. d. C. AUa*ta>, Oa>
POUT ROYAL & WESTERN CAR
olina Railway. J. B. Clevoland,
Receiver. Quickest route to Florida. Sched
ule taking effect July 1st, 1893.
Except i Except
STATIONS. (Sunday.) Sunday
(i ray Court ..
HaiKHibile . .
12 12am i
Lv <laeksonville .
Lv Augusta .
Lv Met-orinick ..,
Lv Oreenwood ..
Lv Oruy Court .
Lv Fountain Inn
Lv Man hi in
6 23 am
Sunday trains leave Greenville at 12 ^
g m and make connection* for Auguata and
For rates or informatlen apply to any
agent of the company, or to 7
W.. J. OltAlG, Gon, Pass, Agent.
% U TOD,,, Trav, PaiV:gAgan't0ft'
?W 8M. IM. tW%MlBK.
I ?WHO ARK
WH&ENEIl & MARTIN? (
They Are Our FASHIONABLE HAIR GUTTERS and SH^Vr