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LAURENS. S. C., TUESDAY, APRIL 30, 1895.
A KOST TYP?.
O, fur the glimpse of a >? ? ura] boy.
A boy with freckled luce,
With forehead while, 'ncnth the tangled
And his limbs devoid of -?nu r
Whose feet toe in, while his elbows thire,
Whose knees are patched always,
Who turns as red as a lobster when
You vise in in a word of praise.
A boy win) wuh born with an appetite,
Wlat.Becks the pantry shelf
To es tin" piece ' with rcsoiiudiiiK smack,
Wnrisn'tgoue on himself.
A Itomnsou Crusoe reading boy,
Whose pockets bul^e with trash ;
Who knows the use of rod and run.
and where the brook trout splush.
It's true he'll sit in the easiest chair,
With baton his tousled head ,
That his hands and feet are everywhere?
For youth must have room to spread.
Hut he doesn't dub his father" old man,"
Nor deny his mother's call,
Nor ridicule what his elders nay,
Or think that he knows it all.
A rough and wholesome, natural boy,
Of a good old-fashioned clay;
God bless him, if he's still on earth,
Kor he'll make a man some day.
" Where Ignorance is Bliss."
HY BOIiKItT BARB.
The splendid steamship "Adamant,1'
of the celebrated Cross Bow Line, left
Now York oil her February trip under
favorable auspices. There hud just
been a storm on the ocean, ho there
was every chance that she would reach
Liverpool before the next one was
Captain Itice had a little social prob
lem i.i> solve at the outset, hut he
smoothed that out with the tuet which
Ib characteristic of him. Two Washing
ton ludles?otllcial ladies?were on
board, and the captain, old British
sea-dog that he wus. always hud
trouble In the matter of precedence
with Washington ladies. Captain
Kloo never hud any l>other with the
British aristocracy, because prece
dence is ull set down in the bulky
volume of " Burke's Peorago," which
the captain kept in his cabin, und so
there was no dilllculty. liut u Ro
publlcun country is supposed not to
meddle with precedence. It wouldn't,
either, if it weren't for the women.
So k happened that Mrs. A ssist.au t
Attornoy-to-tho-Soiiato Brownrig cutue
to the Hteward and said that, rank in;;
ull others on hoard, k)io must sit ut the
right bund of the captain. Afterwards,
partment Dlghy came to the same per
plexed otllcial and said she must sit at
the captain's right hand, t>eeuuse iu
Washington she took precedence over
every one olso on board. The be
wildered steward confided his wees to
the c.iptaiu, and the captain said he
would attend to the matter. So he
put Mrs. War-Department on his right
baud and then walked down the deck
with Mrs. Ahsibtunt-Attoruey and said
to her :
" 1 wunt to ub.c a favor, Mrs. Brown
rig. Unfortunately, 1 um u little deuf
in the right ear, caused, 1 presume, by
listening so much with that ear to the
fog horn yeur in and VOW out. Now,
1 always pluco the lady whoso conver
sation 1 wish most to enjoy on my left
hand ut tuble. Would you oblige me
by taking that seat this voyugo ? I
have heard of you, you see, Mrs.
Brownrig, ultbough you huve never
crossed with me before."
" Why, certainly, captain," replied
Mrs. Brownrig; "I feel especially
"And 1 osbiire you, madam," said
Uie polite oaptuln, "that i would not
or the world miss a single word ; hat,"
And' thus it wus umlcubly arranged
between the two ladies. All this has
nothing whatever to do with the story.
It is merely un incident, given to show
what u born diplomat Cuptain Uiee
was, and is to this day. 1 don't know
any captain more popular with the
ladies than he, and besides he Is us
,'.',ond a sailor as cressos the. ocean.
Day by day the good ship ploughed
her way toward the east, and the pas
sengers were unanimous In suylng
thut thoy never hud u ploasunter
voyago forthat time of the year. It
was so wurm on deck that, many
steamer chairs were out, and below it
was so mild that a person might think
no was journeying in the tropies.
Yet they Mid left New York in u snow
storm with tiioHhormometor away be
low zero. '-\
"Such," said young Spinner, who
know everything, "mich Is the in
fluence of the Culf Stream."
Nevertheless, when Captain Bice
came down to lunch the fourth duy
out his face was haggard and his look
furtive and anxious.
" Why, Oaptuln," cried Mrs. Assis
tant-Attorney, "you look as if you
hadn't slept a wink last night."
" 1 slept very well, thank you,
madam," replied the cuptuln. "I
" Well, I hope your room was more
eomfertuble than mine. It seemed to
me too hot for anything. Didn't you
find it so, Mrs. Digby V"
"I thought it very nice," replied
the ludy at the captain's right, who
i^eaeraily found It necessary to take
an opposite view from the latly at the
" You see," said the captain, " wo
have many delicate women and child
ren on board and it is necessary to
keep up the temperature. Still, per- I
haps the man who attends to the I
steam rat her overdoes it. I will speak i
Then the, captain pushed from him
his untustcd food and went up on the
bridge, casting his eye aloft, at the
signal waving from the musterhcud,
silently calling for help to ull the
"Nothing insight, Johnson?" said
" Not a Bpcck, sir."
The captain swept the circular line
'of sea and sky with his glasses, then
laid them down with a High.
"Wo ought to raise something this
afternoon, sir," said Johnson ; we are
right in their track, sir. The 'Fulda,'
on:< hl. to ho somewhere about."
" We ure loo fur north for tho
'Fulda,' 1 am afraid," answered the
" Well, sir, wo should seo tho ' Vul
can' before nitrht, sir. She's hud t>ood
weather from QuOentown."
' Yes. Keep a sburp lookout, John
Tho captain moodily paced the
bridge with bis head down.
'1 .,ht to have tinned back to
New rork," lie said to himself.
Then he went down to his own
room, avoiding the passengers us much
as he could, mid hail the steward brine
him Mime beef tea. FiVttn a captain
cannot live on anxiety.
"Steamer olT the |>ort bow, sir,"
rur>(* out the voice of the lookout ut
l be prow. The man had sharp eyes,
for a landsman could have seen noth
?Bun and tell the captain," cried
Johnson to tho sailor at bis olliow ;
but as the sillier turned, tho captain's
bead appeared up tbo stairway. Ho
seized tho (flaws und looked long a*, a
blogte point on the horizon.
" It must bo tho ' Vulcan," ho ttaid at
" 1 think so, sir.''
"Turn your wheel a few points to
port and bear down on her."
Jobnsou a \ > ? tho necessary ordor and
tho great ship veond around.
"Hello!" cried Splunor, on dock.
" Here's u steauier. I found hur. She's
Then there was a rush to the side of
tho ship. " A stoauier In sight!" was
tho cry, and all books and inagazluos
at once lost Interest. Even tho placid,
dignified Englishman who was so un
coniuiuulcutlve rose from his ohair and
sent Ills servant for his binocular.
Children were hold up aud told to bo
careful, while'thoy triud to sou tho
dliu line of sinoku .-<> fur ahead.
'? Talk about tho lane routes at sea,"
cried young Spinner, tho knowing.
" Baun, 1 say. Soo! we're going
directly for hur. Think what It might
1k3 in a fog ! I ?um routes ! Pure luck,
I cull It."
?'Will we signal to her, Mr. Spln
nerV" gently uskud tue young lady
"Oh, certainly," answered youug
Spinner. Sue, there's our siguul
Hying from the masthead now. 'lhat
shows them what lino wo belong to."
"Dour mo, how Interesting," said
tho young lady. "You havo crossed
many times, I suppose, Mr. Spinner."
"Oh, I know my way about,"
uuswored tho modest Spinner.
Tlio captain kept tho glasses glued
to his oyos. Suddenly he ulinost let
"Johnson," he cried.
"What is it, sir?"
''She's dying a sigual of distress,
The two steamers slowly approached
each other and, wlien nearly aloug
sklo and about a milu apart, the bell
of tho ?'Adamant" rang to stop.
"Thoro, you see," said young Spin
ner to tho Boston girl, " she is Hying
tuobitino Hag at her masthead Mint, we
"Then she belongs to the same line
tie this boat 1"'
"Oh, certainly," answered Mr.
? Oh, look! look! look!" criultho
enthusiastic Indianapolis girl who was
going to take music in Germany.
tivoryonp looked aloft aud saw run
ning up to the mastheud a long line
of nutterlng, many-colored Hags. They
remained in place for a few moments
and then fluttered down again, oniy to
givu place to a different string. The
sumo tiling was goiug on on the other
"Oh, ihis is too interesting for
anything, " said Mrs. Assistant. " 1
am just dying to know what it all
menus. 1 have read of it so often but
never saw it before. 1 wonder when
the cuptain will come down. What
docHitall mean?" she asked the deck
"They uro signalling to each other,
"Oh, I know that. But what aro
thoy signalling V"
"I don't know, madam."
"Oh, see! see !" cried tho Indiana
polis girl, clapping her hands with de
light. "Tho other steamer is turning
it was indeed so. The great ship
was thrashing the water witli her
screw, and gradually the masts came
in line and then her prow faced tho
oust again. When this had been
nlowly accomplished the bell on the
"Adamant" rang full spoed ahead,
and then the captain came slowly
down tho ladder that led from tho
"Oh, captain, what docs it all
"fB aho going biu:k, captain?
Nothing wrong, 1 hopo."
" What ship is it, eaptain V"
"Sho belongs to our line, doesn't
" Why Is sho goin.j hack ?"
"The ship," said the cuptain slowly,
"is the 'Vulcan,' of the Black Bow
ling Line, that left Qucenstown shortly
after wo loft New York. Sho bus met
with an accident. Han into somo
wreckage, it is thought, from tho
recent storm. Anyhow there is a
hole in her, and whethor she sues
Oiioonstown or not will depend a great
deal on what weather wo havo aud
whether her billheads hold out. We
will stand by her till we reach Queens
"Are there many on board, do you
think, captain V"
'"There uro thirty-sovon in tho
cabin and over eight hundred steerage
pussongora," answered the captain.
"Why don't you take them on board,
out of danger, captain V"
"Ah, madam, there is no need to
do that. It would delay us, and time
is everything in a case like this.
Besides, they will have ample warn
ing if she is going down, and they will
havo tlmo to got everybody in tho
I Hint:.. Wo will stand by them, you
"Oh, the poor creatures," cried tho
sympathetic Mrs. Second-Adjutant.
"Think of their awful position. May
ho engulfod at any moment. ( sup
pose they aro all on their knees ii> the
cabin, (low thankful they must huvu
boon to soo the 'Adamant.' "
On all sides there was tho pro
foundesl uymputhy for the unfortunato
pusMongers of tho "Vulcan." Cheoks
paled at the very thought of the catas
trophe that might take jdaco at any
moment, within sight of the sister
ship, it was a realistic object lesson
on the ever present dangers of tho
sea. While those on deck looked with
now interest at tho stoamshlp plung
ing along within a miloof them, the
captain slipped away to his room. As
ho Hat there, thero was a tap at his
"Come in," shouted the captain.
The silent Englishman slowly en
"What's wrong, captain?" ho asked.
"Oh, the 'Vulcan' has had a hide
stove in her and ^signalled-"
"Yea, I know * ill that, of course,
but what'* wrong with us?"
"With ua ?" echoed' the captain
"Yes, with tho 'Adamant? What
Iibh been amiss for the last two or
three days? I'm not a talkor, nor am
I afraid any more than you are, but I
wunt to know."
'?Certainly," said the captain.
" Pioase shut the door, Sir John.
? ???** ?
Meanwhilo thero was a lively row
on hoard the " Vulcan." In the
haloon Captain Klint was standing at
bay with- his knuckles on the table/
"Now, what is Mi - meaning of all
thin?" cried Adum K. Vincent, mem
ber of Congress.
A crowd of frightened womon were
standing around, many on the verge of
hysterics. Children olunit, with pnio
faeoa, to their mother's skirts, fearing
they knew not what. Men wore
grouped with anxious faces, and the
Mull old captain frontnd them all.
"The meaning of all what, air?"
"You know very well. What Is tho
moaning of OOf turning round ?"
"It means, sir, that the ' Adamnnt'
bus eighty-live saloon passengors and
marly live hundred intermediate
? ' .'.?'/
steerage passengers who aro in ibe
most deadly danger. Tho cotton in
the hold is on tiro, and thoy have boeu
fighting it night and day. A con
ti ag ration may break out at any
moment. It moanH, then, sir, that tho
1 Vulcan' Ih goiog to stand by tho
A wall of anguish burst from tho
frightened women at the awful fato that
might bo in storo for so many human
beings so near to them, and they clung
oloser to tholr children and thanked
God that no auoh danger threatened
thorn and those dear to them.
" And, sir," cried the Congressman,
"do you mean to tell us that wo have
to go against our will?without oveu
being consulted?back toQueenstownV"
'? 1 mean to tell you so, sir."
" Well, by the gods, that's an out
rage, and I won't stand it, sir. 1 must
!?? in Now York by the 27th. I won't
stand it, sir."
"1 am vory sorry, sir, that anybody
should bo dofayod.
" Delayed '? Hang it all, why don't
you take tho peoplo on board and take
'em \f> New York i 1 protest against
this. I'll bring a lawsuit agaluBt tho
?'Mr. Vincent," Bald tho captiln
sternly, "permit meto remind you that
I am captain of this ship. Good after
Tho Congressman departed from the
Milium oxcocdlng wroth, breathing
dire threats of legal proceedings
against tho lino and tho captain per
sonally, but most of tho passengers
agreed that It would be an inhuman
thing to leave tho "Adamant" alone
iu mid-ocean in such terrible stra'ts.
"Why didn't thoy turn back, Cap
tain Flint?" asked Mrs. General
" Because, madam, every moment
is of valuo in Buch a case, and we are
nearer Queonatown than Now York."
And so tho two steamships, side by
side, worried their way toward tho
east, always within sight of euch other
by day, and with tho rows of lights in
each visible at night to tho sympa
thetic souls on the ot.ior. Tho swelter
ing men poured water into the hold
of tho one and the pounding pumps
poured water out of tho hold of the
other, and thus they reached Queens
? * * * * * ?
On board tho tender that took the
pnssengors ashore at Quoeustown from
i>oth steamors two astonished women
met eacii other.
" Why ! Mrs.?Genoral?Weller! 11
You don't mean to say you wero on
IH mi 11 that unfortunate 'Vulcan !"'
" Eor the land's sake, Mrs. Assis
tant Brownrig! Is that roally you?
Will wonders never cease ? Unfortu
nate, did you say V Mighty fortunate
for you, I think Why ! weren't you
just frightoned to death V"
" I was, but I had no idea anyone I
knew was on board "
" Woll, you wero on board yourself.
That would havo boon enough to have
"Onboard mysolf? Why, what do
you moan? 1 wasn't on board the
' V ?ilean." Did you got any sleep at ull
after you knew you might go down at
any moment ?"
"My Bakes, Jane, what aro you
talking about ? Dowu atauy moment?
It was you that might have gono dowu
at any moment or worse still, buve
been burnt to death if the tiro had got
ahead. You dent moan to say you
didn't know tho 'Adamant' was on lire
most of the way across ?"
" Mrs.?General?Woller !! There's
sonic horriblo mistake. It was tho
' Vulcan.' Evory thing depended on her
bulkheads, the captain said. There
was a hole as big as a barn door in the
'Vulcan.' Tho pumps wore going
night nnd day."
Mrs. General looked at Mrs. Assis
tant ns the light began to dawn on
both of thorn.
"Then It wasn't tho engines, but
tho pumps," sho said.
" And It wasn't tho steam, but the
fire," screamed Mrs. Assistant. "Oil,
dear, how that captain lied, and I
thought him such a nice mnn, too.
Oh, I shall go into hysterics, 1 know I
" I wouldn't if I woro you," said the
sensiblo Mrs. General, who was a
strong-minded woman : " besides, it is
too late. We're all pretty- Bufo now.
I think lK>th captains woro pretty
sensible men. Evidently married,
both of'em.'1 Which was quite true.
HOUTHKltN COTTON M11J.S
An KnthiiHiuNtio l-l iter l<Yom a Houlh
/ Carolina IWniuilHot ui-er.
To t lie Editor of The Tradesman.
I take pleasure in sending you tho
particular information asked for, in
regard to the mill hero :
Cur "Southlund " is certainly highly
favored with marvellous natuial ad
vantages ; aud it is not extravagant to
say, far in advance of other portions
of the Union. Up to a very recent
date, its life and works have been
mostly agricultural, achieving the
vory highest remits, in its Hpleudid
crops, of neu island and upland cottons,
Indigo, rice, tobacco nnd grains. In
tho colonial period, Carolina indigo ami
rico commundud European market,
with profureuce at higher prices than
tho products of other nations. In 18(>U
sea island OOttonfl were sold by the
planters marks, so well known in
foreign market ; as not to requiro
Tho peoplo who achieved those
noted agricultural triumphs, uro on
the soil yet, and within one decade,
have demonstrated their ability in
other fields of action, (n the now
conditions now unfolding, they are
being heard from very effectively.
Coil and Iron In exbuustless supply,
now occupy a constantly widening
market, at prices that surprises the
closest economy, its unrivuled and
bounteous water powers keep in motion
hundreds of thousunds of spindles,
which multiply yearly in a healthy
growth; largo towns have grown up'
with well to do industrious populations,
llviug iu a much improved condition
of life, whore once all was solitude.
if wIsocouuboIb prevail, If prudence
controls the coming action of the
South, thero is a promising, and pros
perous future for " Dixielund," in the
wide field of textile industries of many
kinds. Here is a mild and genial
climate, limitless and economic water
power, cheap fuel, a large and desira
ble population, " native to the soil."
unemployed, waiting to bo called from
an idle to a busy money-making life,
its surprising how quiokly they learn
to . pin and weave, what bteady wage
earners they soon como to be ho far as
availability goes, none aro In advance
of them ; suoh uro tho natural advan
tages enjoyed by the South, and thero
la plenty of room for those with means
from afar off, to come in and rhare
i lie e unequulcd prlviledges. But let
us not all sit down add wait for others
to do our work, with our great natural
advantages neglected ; wo havo the
cubic inches of brains, sutllolont capi
tal, the ability to accomplish great
results ourselves, if wo bravely enter
this now mid Inviting field of industrial
achievement. Lot each community
ask itself how much of the coming work
it cau do, then organlzo and speed to
But within recent months there has
coino in view a strange and pheuoinenal
condition; some southland people, ap
pearantly regard all the unfolded ad
vantages of tho South in the light of a
new physical discovery, which thoy
dont scorn to know what to do with.
Tho exuberance of their joy at tiuding
themsolvos in tho very niidet of vory
good things, takes tho direction of
desiring to givo away their great in
heritance to people as far away as ean
be found. Actually inviting distant
people t<>cmnc and disinherit theui, to
enter in and gather future liberal
harvests of good things.
Why not instead, Btop all this waste
ful gush?shouting out, in loud ucclahu
?come an J take for nothing, all our
good things. Why not trust to a little
homo grown self-reliance ; hold fast
to our local udvuntages; draw upun
our own population, for the coming
industrial work ; build up for oursolves
villages and towns which will extend
tho comforts of an improved condition
of lifo to those near us. Bather this,
even at a less rapid speed, than throw
away our heritage.
Tho South presents an open field for
grout achievements. Let all uulte in
efforts to a great result.
Wm. a. Couhtknay.
Newry, OcOtieo Co., S. C. ,
Til 10 Wl , vnuoit ANI> UltOlM.
A Mule < ool for the Cniniii:; Crops
?Clin I oh are Improving Very Much.
The week was not entirely a favora
ble 000 for growing Crops, or furming
operutlons. 11 was too cool to bo good
growing went.her, tho minimum tem
perature huving f?llen below the ac
tive growing tempature on four nights
of the week over a lurge portion of
the State. In the wcatoru, northern
und northeastern counties lieht work
wus Interrupted by rain for several
days, as the ground was too wet for
cultivation, and some bottom lands al
ready planted wore flooded. The hit
ter part of the week wus more favor*
ablo. Wind following tho heavy rains
baked and crusted the grouud, making
it hard for sprouted seed to come up.
The first portion of the week to, and
including Friday, was much colder
tbun normal, the duily departure
averaged 8 degrees below for five days;
during the lust two days the tempera
ture was slighly in excess of the nor
mal. Early in the week the nights
were quite cold with threatened frosts,
but other conditions were not general
ly favorable for frost formation until
the lUtn, by which time it hud become
somewhat warmer, yet on that morn
ing many places reported a light frost
and some a heavy one, with no appar
ent dumugo resulting. Tho highest
temperature reported duriilfc the week
wus 02 degrees recorded at Cheruw Oil
the 21st; the lowest IB degiocs at
Greenville on the Kith. The weekly
mean for tho State was about t>U de
grees, while the normal for the same
dates is upproximutoly 64.2 degrees.
There wus rain on the first two days
of tho week which was quite general
over the Stute, but varied largely in
amount in different localities, being
heaviest in the uortheru und central
counties where the rainfall amounted
to from 1.26 to 2.76 inches; in the
southern and south-eastern counties
the ruinfall ranged from 0.50 to 1.80
inches. In places the storm was uc
compnniod by heavy hull und high
winds. There wus n severe tornado
in New berry that did considerable
dumugo to buildings and trees, but
crops were not fur enough advanced to
bo injured. Whore the rains wore
heaviest it did much dumugu by wash
ing newly plowed hillsides; bottom
lands were also rendered too wet for
After the first two days, the sky wus
practically cloudless the rest of the
week, giving soinewhnt more tbun an
uveruge of sunshine.
Cotton planting bus been actively
pushed over tho entire State us the
weather permitted, but as yet scarcely
more than half the crop has been put
in the grouud, considering the entire
State. In the eastern portion it is
Hearing completion, while < nly just
fairly begun in the western por
tion. Germination slow owing to cool
weal her. Somo planted in March not
yet up The gonerul opinion seems to
betliut there will be less planted this
your than lust.
Corn plan tin;;- is nearly completed on
the uplands und tho stand of that
is up is good in places, fairly good gen
erally, and not poor anywhere. Some
replanting necessary owing to wushed
lunds, birds, and possibly poor seed
used. Birds vory troublesome in
Orangoburg County. The weuther
lias been too cool for this crop which
is fully two weeks lute. Germination
bus been slow.
Grains uro improving very much.
What is doing very well und promises
to lie better than was thouglit at the
first of the season. Spring outs look
very promising their condition hucius
to in- uniform throughout tho state.
Full sown outs are a complete fuilure.
Sugar cane is being planted very
lurgely this year. In places it is being
planted to supplement the outs crop
for forage, am' for that purpose is said
to be most excolleut. Some seed cane
dnmuged, owing, it is thought, to the
manner in which it was packed away
last full, ill low in;; the cnuu to become
heuted and killing the "eye."
Tobacco plants, in beds, uro looking
very line. But little, if any, bus been
trunsplunted into fields yet. The
acreage will this year bo largely In
creased, us many farmers will culti
vate experimental fields of from three
to live acres. This report comes from
Burlington County und is doubtless
true of much of the Fee Dee section.
1 I'en nil Is will also receive more at
tent ion than bus been the case hereto
Truck matured rapidly and heavy
shipments continue to the Northern
markets from the const region. The
interior truck farms are vory lute.
Irish potatoes have mil attained a sat*
Ihfuctory stand, hut will Improve un
der tho inlluence of warm weutber.
Sweet potatoes foi need continue
Ga"dens, although late, are in good
condition. Fruit and hurries will ho
abundant crops. It (?i rarely the case
that u frost occurs \n this State after
the ? ''Mb of April, except possibly in
the extreme western portion, so that
danger from that source has passed,
leaving the crops practically assured.
Cherry und apple trees in lull bloom
in Ooonee, Bickens .i Greenville
s?"What do you think of tho wo
man question, major V" usked the
judge. " I think It Is onked much
more than is neecsnry, judge." " What
you mean ?" " I am speaking of- tho
womnn question, I understand that to
bo the subject of your inquiry." " But
whnt do you understand to lie the wo
man question?" "is my hut on
?The Chinese divide tho day into
12 p o t- of two hours each. Tho Ital
ians reckon 24 hours round, instead of
two divisions of 12 hours each us we do.
a bond FOIl OHAKIjOTTJK.
Tho Quick Work of a Skillful Hank
Uxatutner?Right Yearn of iMshon
Cashier J. It. Holland, of the Mer
chants' and Farmers' Hank of Char
lotte, is a defaulter to the amount of
$00,000 or more. Bank Kxamluor Mil
ler has been here for sevoral c'ays and
says he will remain for at loast two
weeks longer. It was be whodiscovor
ed the defalcation. Mr. Holland's
speculations havo been carried on for
eight years post und he has managed
till the lost few days to bide them from
discovery. The exact amount of them
is not yet fully known.
No man iu Cburlotto has in the post
beon held In higher rogurd or been
more fully trusted than Mr. Holluud,
and the whole olty was greatly sur
prised and shocked to hear of his em
bezzlement. Ho has not yet beou plac
ed under arrest at the icquestof the
directors of the hunk, ho agreeing to
walvo all oxumiuutiou in cuse proceed
ings uro begun ugainst him. Bo has
never made tho slightest effort toes
Week before lust Bank Examiner
Miller stopped at Gustouin on his way
t<> Charlotte. Ho oxumined tho na
tional bank thoroughly, and know
every bank with which It hud uu ae
count or money loaned. Ho found that
bank in good condition and came on
to Charlotte. The lirstduy he spent
at tho Merchants' and Partners' Bunk
ho discovered on looking over Cashier
Holland's books, where ho hud a loan
of $5,000 marked to the Castonlu bunk.
Ho culled Mr. Holland up und asked
if thut wus correct. Be said yes. Mr.
Miller mude u mental note of the fart,
lie next proceeded to look over tho
cash. Ho found it short just one dol
lar. This wus ousily uccounted for und
Thut night Mr. Millor loft. No one
asked where ho was golug, It being
supposed thut he wus through his ex
am inations and hud gone elsewhere
ou tho sumo errand. Ho had gone but
only to return. Ho took the 10.41)
train for Gustonia, rung up Mr. Jenkins,
tho president of the bunk, und told
him ho wanted to look over his books
again. Mr. Jenkins wondored whut wus
up, but snid little'. Hound Mr. Miller
spent the night going through the
books No loan of $0*000 to the Mer
chants'und Farmers' Bank was found.
Mr. Miller suid : " You huve loaned
the Merchants' and Farmers' Bank,
of Charlotte, $5,000, of which there is
uo record." " No." suid Jenkinks, " 1
That was the beginning of tho end.
Mr. Millor said nothing more, but
came buck to Charlotte tho next day.
Ho appeared ut the Merchunts' and
Farmers Bank, an i said to Mr. Hol
land that ho might have made a
mistake iu counting tho cash the day
before, and believed ho would count it
again. Instead of finding it only i-i
short, ho found it $10,000.
Mr. Holluud, us was his custom, had
borrowed $10,000 to put to his cash
while tho examiner was here, hut
thinking ho had finished und departed
and that he was safe, ut least for
another yenr, ho withdrew tho $10,000
and returned it to the. party from whom
borrowed. Seeing that all WUS lost
he confessed to President MeAdew thut
he wus a default er und the sad story
of his full became known. The Mer
chants' and Furniers' Bunk Is perfectly
safe, having a sutliciont reserve fund
to cover all losses.
A COI/ONY IN OHOitGIA.
Korty Thousand People from In
diana, to Settle in the Cracker
Fx-Govornor Northen, of Georgia, In
an Interview a few days ago, stated
that he is now beginning correspon
dence to arrange details for the trans
portation of the household goods und
stock belonging to tho members of the
Indiunn soldier colony thut ho bus re
cently located in this State. Gover
nor Northern bus been in personal con
ference with some railroad officials
und iu correspondence with others,
looking to tho best arrangements for
the transportation of tiiese people.
The deal bus boon finally closed for
tho purchase of one hundred thous
and acres of land for tho settlement
und the parties uro now only waiting
for the title pupors to begin the sur
vey of tho lands. These pupors will
soon lie perfected, the Governor says,
aud then tho work will begin.
The colony is the largest over orga
nized In this country and one of the
grandest ever conceived iu the world.
It consists of more than ten thousand
families und wil\ bring into this State
upwards of forty thousand persons.
One may appreciuto its size when he
understands that this number of per
sons is about equal to n city of the
population of Macnn or Augusta, and
to three of our avorugn counties.
This organization is the creation of
Mr. I*. II. Pitzgerald, editor of the
American Tribune, of Indianapolis,
its plan Is the result of years of
thought and has been quietly worked
Out to u successful mid marvellous is
sue Briefly stated this plan is to form
a mutual colony, in which every share
participates in the affairs of the com
inunity, and has a proportionate inter
est in ull profits, No ono can hold
more than ten shares of stock-, the
shares being ten dollars each. Tho
holder of one share is (?/ntitlcd to
make u locution of hind fc'\ '.Ah home,
and ull hinds taken must be for the
purpose of living thereon. At tho
centre of the tract of land selected for
the colony 1,200 acres will he laid off
into streets for u city, the remainder
of the land to he divided into gardens
and farms. Every other lot and farm
will lie reserved for the general profit
expected in the sale of hind after Im
provements have enohanood its value.
Those lands will lie divided out hy al
lotment. Tho colonists get their
biddings at tho original cost of tho
land. They are charged with tho
price of their holdings, und it is ex
pected thut tho profits will clear off
the indebtedness within six yours.
There will be, therefore, no out lay hy
the colonist for tho hind he holds.
Governor Northern hut' in huiid
other colonies of less size. One having
un option of hi.niiti acres of html. In
lower middle Georgia. Arrangements
for settlement hy tt.is colony will soon
bo perfected. Governor Northern
says: "The inquiries us well us the
si i mil settlements made in this State
indicate u lurge Increase of population
and a great inflow of good people. Ro
nen IS developments in fruit growing
and stock raising, together with the
UhUfcUal transportation fneilities found
in this Stute, uro attracting attention
from people at tho North und ?Wo-st
who an? seeking hotter conditions for
such pursuits in a mild climate among
hospitable und luw-ahlding peoplo."
- At an ovenin party a lady suhl
that sho bftd fl quarrel with her hus
band, but had mado It up again, and
to commemorate thocvont had planted
a-sapling. "Thoro," you see whis
pered the wife of a wealthy land own
er in a tone of reproach to her husband,
" If we had done that, what a splendid
avenue of trees we should have by this
FATA Ii m Ii- IN KIHJUFICI.D
Tho <;nt < ?<.? ?.r mi old Fond?Two
I'aiuiiit s Connected by Murrlafco
Special to Columbia Keglstcr.
EDGKKlEl.u. 8. C, April 24.?At 10
o'clock this morning our town was
shocked by tho anaouticomcut of the
killing of Mr. John C. Swearlngeu by
Mr. Ii. L. Jones. Mr. Swearlngeu is a
brotber-iu-law of Senator Tillmuu and
ex-Congressman Tlllmau. Both of
these men live within u few miles of
Trenton, their plantations joining. This
killing is tho result of along and ug
giuvutod feud between the two men
and it is notu total surprise that it has
culminated lu such a futul way.
To-day was tho appointed time to
huve a preliminary hearing before
Trial Justice Boll in regard to a
charge made hy Sweuringen ugalnst
Luther Jones for having burned somo
rails, the property of tho deceased,
This among other causes ougeudored
bad blood between the parties. Tho
two families are closely connected.
Mr. Jones having married a sister of
Mr. Sweuringen. It is said that none
of them wore ou speaking terms uud
tho two men us well as their families
woro bitterly arrayed uguinst ouch
This morning the two men met ut
tho Trial Justico's oillce and Luthor
Junos, u sou of Mr. B. L. Jones, ro
sentod somo chnrgo thut Mr. Swoarin
gen hud made ugalnst his futher, glv
lug him tin- lie, to which ho paid no
attention. Mr. Jones was near by and
told Mr. Sweuringen he would assume
tho responsibility of whut his son hud
suid. Thereupon Mr. Swenringcu put
his baud to his hip pocket and Mr.
Jones repoateu several times " pull
her." Immediately both men present
ed their pistols aud ut least sovou
halls woro excl.unged. It Is not knowu
who lired first. Mr. Jones hud a 32
calibre Smith & Wesson and Mr.
Swonringen a .'18. Jones's pistol is a
six shooter ami it is believed he
! emptied It. Mr. Swearingen's pistol
is a five shooter and only one bull is
Trial Justice Bell, ucting us coronor,
summoned a jury und an exnmiuution
of tho body showed thut Mr. Sweurin
gon had received four wounds. Tho
futul shot struck him just over the
right our, lodging in tho bruin.
Another ball hit him in the left breust
und lodged in the shoulder. This wus
ouly a tlesh wound. Tho other two
wounds were iu the buck, neither of
which was necessarily fatal. Be lived
only a few minutes. Mr. Jones was
The coroner's jury has returned a
verdict in accordance with above facts.
Mr. Jones has been arrested uud is
now in juil awaiting application for
bail. This is a most unfortunate oo
curoucc, and is lamented by our entire
HlIiVRIt AND COT TON.
Do They ltise and Fall Together??
The Views el a i.ai ;;e c'oiion Specu
A special correspondence of the At
lanta Journal called the attention of
John Ii. Inman, Of New York, to the
claim of the free silver advocates that
the recent advance in cotton wus due to
un advunuu in silver, und usked whether
or not the claim was justified.
It will bo recalled that a few weeks
ago, Mr. InmauCreated a sensation on
the floor of the Cotton Exchange by up
pouring there iu person und buying
lurge quantities of Muy cotton. It was
assorted that he hud mnde u corner ou
the staple for thut mouth's delivery,
hut this does not seem to be borne out
by the fuets, us the quotations on May
cotton do not vary materially from
other months. But at any rate, he wus a
lurge buy or und when 1 asked about
tho silver question be told me
the reasons that had actuated him in
his recent purchases.
" By far the greater part of the
rise," said Mr. (ninaii, "lias been duo
to the improved conditions following
the bond sale. That sale re-establish
ed confidence. 11 wussupurhly handled
und the feeling bus taken bold thut the
financial question is settled for at least,
two or three years. Thut is the view I
held und thut is why I aud my friends
" I look to see the silver craze die
out just as the greenback did. But I
will say that if the agitation should
again unsettle finances, men who have
bought cotton with tho expectation of
un improvement iu business, would let
their holdings go. and go \juickly, re
gardless of whut they got. if tilings
uro let alone I look for un era of pros
perity, tirst in a moderate degree, und
then in a marked degree. As for the
ollect of tin; price of silver on the price
of cotton, the explanation is th's:
Manchester sells to ludiu, oxohangols
druwupuyuble in silver and the higher
price they got for their exchange the
bettor price they get for their goods.
I suppose tho recent rise in silver has
affected the price of cotton a quarter
of u cent a pound. To be accurate, if
cotton went up a cent I would attribute
thirty-ono'hundrodths to the rise in
silver. The other sevonty-ono-huu
dredths cents would be duo to other
causes, mainly the confidence that has
followed tho bond sale. ;viivon the pos
sibility of free coinage wnbld so un
settle business that the farmers would
lose all they have, gained, for as I told
you, seventy percent, of the rise is due
to tho belief that the free silver craze
has about run its course. If free
silver should prevail the fanners and
everybody else would bo overwhelmed
in the utter destruction of business."
"A great deal of gold is being min
ed/' suid Mr. Inman. "and there wld
ho plenty to go round. The report of
the director of the mint shows that
the world's production of gold iu 18!?l
was $130,060,000: in 1802 it was
$140,207.000 and in 189?, $167,228,100.
Tho United States, Australia, Russia
und Africa aro nil producing lurge
quantities of gold. The treasury holds
about 600,000,000 in sliver dollars aud
burs, uguinst ubout a *100,(MH),01H) of
gold. Certainly this proportion should
not lie increased and tie- output of the I
mines should be sold just as we sell the
surplus output of our iron mines, and
I in fact, the output of the silver mines
is being sold in foreign markets. The
shipment-, of bullion amount to $600,
0(H) a week.
Speaking of the condition of the
farmers in the South, Mr. Iinmin
" If they continue planting so much
cotton there is no telling what the.
price will goto. The South has pecul
iar advantages which should be utiliz
ed. There is practically no competi
tion iu cotton raising, except among
tho farmers themselves, lor in uoother
country can the staple ho produced in
a quantity, und of a character to ma
terially affect the price. The wheat
raisers or the West have competition
notably in South America und Russia,
Tho way for the Southern farmer to
prosper Is to diversify bis crops, utiliz
ing more of his land for homo supplies
and Iosh for cotton. There has been
more cotton raised than tho world re
x-uiros. It is ouly to ho expected that
tho price will fall when tho mar
ket is glutted with a million and
a half bales moro than is demanded."
ORIGIN OF MKMOItlAli DAT.
How tho Custom Wus Inaugurated
lit the ? nut It liy tho Whlow of a
The Atiauta Journal gives tho
following information touching the
origin of Memorial Day :
'* During tho early part of 18015,
says A vory'a History of Georgia, "two
very valuable Georgians died?Colonel
C. J. Williams, of Columbus, of tho
First Georgia Regulars, and Colouol
Walter Kctor, of tho l.'Ith Georgia
lufuntry, both gontlemou dying from
disease incurred in the service in
Virginia. Colonol Williams stood
very high In tho State, and had boon
prominent in our politics. tie had
been Speaker of the House of Repre
sentatives. He had in a high degree
tho confidence and esteem of Governor
Rrowu. His widow, Mrs. Mary A.
Williams, originated the beautiful
1 decoration day' that has become an
established custom of the country.
North und South, siucu the war. And
she also conceived and started into
actual operation, from Goorgia to Vir
ginia, the beneficent system of ' way
side homes' for soldiers, thut did so
much good during tho war. Sho was
tho daughter of Major John II. Howard,
a noted politician and railroad pre
sident. In 1840 she presented u llag to
the 1st Georgin Regiment commanded
by Colonol Henry R. Jackson, her pros
pectivo husband, C. J. Williams,
being major, whom sho married after
tho Mexican war.
Sho died In Columbus at tho houso
of her son on tho loth of April, 1871,
and was buried with military honors.
Hor grave is decorated every memorial
day. She sent her only son to war at
fourteen yours of uge."
In appendix " O " of A vory's history
is tho original communication of Mrs.
Mary Ann Williams, to tho Columbus,
Ga., Times, suggesting iho memorial
day custom. Tho letter Is as follows :
COLUMBUB, Ga., March \2, 1805.
Messrs. Editors- Tho ladies aro now
and havo boon for several days engaged
in the aad, but pleasant duty of orna
menting and improving ?hat portion
memory of our gallant Con federt iJ
dead, but wo fool it is an unfinished
work unless, u day ho set apart an
nually for its special attention. We
cannot raise monumental shafts and
inscribe thereon their many deeds of
heroism, but we can keep alive the
memory of tho debt wo owe them by
dedicating at least ono day in each
year to embellish their humblo graves
with (lowers. Therefore we beg the
assistance of tho press aud tho ladies
throughout tho South to aid us iu the
clTort to set a part a certain day to be
observed, from the 1'otomuc to the
Hio Grunde, and he handed down
through time us a religious custom of
the South, to wreath the graves of our
martyred dead with flowers; und we
propOSG tho litith day of April as the
day. Lot every city, town and village
join in the pleasant duty. Let all
alike bo remembered, from the heroes
Of ManOSSOS to those who expired
amid the death throes of our hallowed
cause. We'll crown alike the honored
resting place of tho immortol Jack
son iu Virginia, Johnson at Shi loh,
Uloburne in Tennessee, and the hosts
of gallant privates that adorned our
ranks. All did their duty, and to all
we owe our gratl tudo. 1 jut the soldiers'
graves, for that day at least, bo the
Southern Mecca to whoso shrine her
sorrowing women, like pilgrims, may
annually bring their grateful hearts
and llora) offerings. And when we
remember the thousunds who uro
buried " with their martial cloaks
around them,'' without Christian
ceremony or interment, WO would
invoke the aid of the most thrilling
ebullience throughout the land to In
augurate this custom by delivering on
the appointed day this year u eulogy
on the unburlod dead of our glorious
Southern army. They died for their
country. Whether their country bad
or had not tho right to demand the
sacrifice is no longer a question for dis
cussion. Wc leave that for nations to
decide hereafter, but thut these mou
laid their lives upon their country's
altar, and are entitled to their coun
try's gratitude, none will deny.
The proud banner under which they
rallied iu defense of the holiest and
noblest cause for which tho heroes
fought, or trusting women prayed, has
been Juried forever. The country for
which they sull'ered and died has now
no name or place among the nations of
the earth. Legislativ* enactments
may not be made to do honor to their
memories, but the veriest radical that
ever I. . .-'71 his genealogy back to tho
deck of tbt! May Klowor, could not
refuse us the simple privilege of paying
honor to those who died defending the
life, honor and happiness of the
-, , . ^r???
WHAT IS HOUND MONHY?
The Nebraska Democratic Leader
Hulls on iii?! President fwr a Clear
Statement ol' the Administration's
Position With Itegartl to Silver.
Ex-Congressman liryan, of Nebras
ka, \? ho wus llland's lieutenant in the
lust i lease in tin*, light for silver und
Who Stands in the front ranks of the
free coinage Democrats, bus sent the
following letter to President Cleve
Tue Hon. Grovor Cleveland, Presi
dent -Dear Sir : In your recent letter
declining un invitation to attend the
Chicago 'gathering in the interest of
sound money,' you suy : 'Whut is now
needed more than anything else is a
plain and simple presentation of the
argument in favor of sound money.'
??To 'a vast number of our people'
'Coin's Financial School' seems to lie
a plain and simple presentation of tho
argument iu favor of sound money,
hut some of your friends havo not boon
pleased with the argument. Since
of tho city coinj-'tory sacred
you secured tliu unconstitutional re
peal of the Sherman law you have
very propoHy taken the place so long
held hy the author of that law, Sena
tor Sherman, aud aro now tho ac
knowledged leader of tho gold-stand
ard advocates of the United States,
Ixith Democratic and Republican, and
to you, therefore, as the leader ot that
element, the people naturally look for
'a plain and hi mple presentation of the
argument in favor of sound money,'
according to your understanding of
sound money, or at least for an In*
telligcm. definition of it.
?' What do you mean by the phrase
'sound money'.-" In your lottery OU make
frequent use of that and kindred
phrases. In fact, in the course of your
letter you speak three times of 'sound
money,' twice of a 'safe currency,'
once of a ' sound currency,' once of a
'safe aud sound currency'once' safe and
prudent financial ideas,' aud once of
' wholesome financial doctrine.' You
also speak once of 'debased currency,'
once of a ' degenerated currency,' and
once of 'cheap money-' In one place
you describe your opponent* as 'the
forces of silver monometallism,' but
you now bore, explain what you mean
by 'sound money,' or what you con
sider 'cheap money.'
"Now, everybody favors 'sound
money' and ' a safe currency,' and a
plain and simple statomontot what you
? *e im by ! b.i . euphonious and unlvor
sally admired phrases uilgh^dt^S^
I the war clouds and make a * Ibj^H
of battle' unnecessary. If by 'w^^fl
money ' you mean a-gold standaroa^^H
did you avoid tho ifto o.f .UmjotJt?
motallism word 'gold' in yonriSlt1 ^
If by a ' safe currency' you meaftY A
motallism why did you avoid tho'e ]
of the word ' bl-motaitism ' in your J
tor ? Your letter now bore contain^ A
direct reference either to the g" I
standard or to bl-inetalllsm, but
unite replete with expressions w.hie
may mean a great deal or nothing, ac
cording to tho Interpretation placed,
" Your opponents have always gl'fttf
you credit for courageously dellniun
your position on public questions. I
Will you prove their conlldonce well ,
founded by slating frankly what kind
of a financial system wo shall onjoy if 5
the sound-money sentiment abroad In
tho land 'succeeds lu .saving us fr<fmc|
mischlof und disaster? Your oppb-y
nouts candidly avow tholr purpodOJ?
and clearly outline the legislation i
which they desire. Is it not fair fan
ask that you deline your pulley wivhj
us much frankness ? jjM
" Your opponents favor the froo uucFl
unlimited coinage of cold bullion Into 1
dollars, each containing 2?.8 grains of
standard gold. Are you In favor of
[this? Your opponents are in TaVW-uRj
the free? and unlimited coinage of sil
ver bullion into dollars, each contain
ing II^.Ti grains of standard silver. \
Are. you in favor of this? If not, are
you in favor of the coinage of silVdflS
bullion into dollars of any sl/.o? mm
not in lavor of the free coiuugo of'sTi-J
ver, what charge, if any, would youjl
make for coinage? If you are not lrfl
favor of the unlimited coinage of all-ff
ver, what limit would you suggest?
" Your opponents not, only.^bellbYfM
in the restoration of the free *t*YoT?^l
limited coinage of both gold a. Wt
ver at tho present ratio of sixt? W
one, but thoy uro in favor of t. ' ?
this action at once without waiting' 1
the aid or consent of any other naf^^J
On earth. Do you agree with tbJttj
If not, do you favor tho rcstuasjipQP-^l
bi-iuotnlltsm by Internatiiuml agreo-^|
jjjont' '-"ou areip -favor of an interna
national agreement, whut ratio would:!
you advise and what nations are lnS^j
your opinion necessary to such an
agreement? if you favor an interna
tional agreement, how long are you
willing to wait for it? Your oppo
nents are in favor of making standard
gold coin and standard silver coin
equally a legal tender for all debts,
public and private, and are opposed to
making a silver dollar a promise to
pay a gold dollar or a gold dollar a
promise to pay a silver dollar ; do you
agree with them ?
" Your opponents beliovo that the
free anil unlimited coinage of gold
and silver at the present ratio of 1U to
1 by the United Stales, regardless of
the action of other nations, will give
us sound money and a "safe currency.'
They not only believe this, hut they
support their position hy arguments
so plausibly presented that ovou you
are frightened into tho belief that 'the
sound money sentiment must bo crys
tal lifted and combindud uud mudo im
mediately active' in order to provont
their success at tho polls. Can yoa
define your position soolortrfy and do
fend It so plausibly tw. to scare your
opponents as badly aft they have
seared you ? Is tho failure of tho gold-,
standard advocates to define their pur
poses and defend their financial sys
tem duo to lack of knowledge of tho
Sllbjool or to an unwillingness to let
tho people know what they intend?
if 'the pi'oprtties' of your 'oiiicial place
Oblige' you to forego the enjoyment
which you would derive from the
writing of another letter explaining
your last letter and defining your po
sition on tho financial question plouse
designate some one who has authority
to speak for you so that tho people
may be ' a Horded an intelligent oppor
tunity,' as you suggest, to study and
decide this now paramount public
question. Yours very truly.
w. J. Bryan."
ih.i yin<. .11 i><.!?; <;<>? !'.
The State Constabulary Seize Liquor
In Columbia and Suimer.
Coulunihin ItcgUlor, 27th lust.
.ludgo Golf will have a chance to
carry out bis injunction and .th,1'
bring tho Dispensary caso farriy
squarely before the Supreme (Jour
tho United States. Yesterday af*
noon as the Southern railway
arrivod from 'Augusta at the
depot there was u small package ?
out of the exp.'esscar directed to " D*.
II. Coble.'' On the end of the box wus
marked ? " .loll' Davis' Best Kyo Whis
key." I''or some reason people in tho
city bad expected an importation' and
they wanted to see whether GoV.
Evans was making a " great big blulV,"
as the. saying goes, about hiscoiistablos
still seizing liquor until withstanding
Judge Colt's injunction. As soon as
the package, in question was put out of
tho car Constable Davis walked up
and put a mark on it. This was for
the sake of Identification at the Ex
press olllco, and it was some time after
when the wagon arrived at the ollico.
Constable Davis was on baud, as was
a curious crowd as well as some per
sons interested in the package. As
soon as it was taken from the wagon
Constable Davis ordered it set to one
side, which having been done ho got
a hatchet and proceeded to prize
open the box. lie found in a mass of
.straw several bottles of export beer,
and then nailed tho box up again.
He then informed Manager Leach,
who suggested that he should ho suro
it was beer, whereupon the Constable
opened a bottle and a bystander pres
ent pronounced it tho finest. Con
stable Davis then receipted for the
shipment and had It sent to the Slate
Tula action show*) that, tiir stiiic. au*
thoritios do not intoud to regard fudge
Golf's ordor. Itinny be that hoiiio?v.
tlou will i>e taken against < unstable
Davis and he may finally land in jail
for contempt of Court, hut there is
noltody in Columbia at present who
(Mill arrest him, according to the
view of an eminent lawyer. Tho Dis
trict Attorney will have to act in order
to procure Iiis arrest.
It is understood that Mr. Coble or
dered tho beer simply to test the case
and that be will at once take pro
ceedings whereby Constable Davis will
be arrested and jailed, if such should
happen ho will bo taken out on I abous
corpus and the whole question will
thus come Immediately before the
United State Supremo Court for a
The Register received the follow
ing telegram from Suuiter, last night:
State Constable Ceo. Drown captured
live gallons of whiskey at Sum tor to
day addressed to Cupt. Paul Whipple.
It is said thai a week's work in
Birmingham, Eng., comprises, among
its various results, the fabrication of
fourteen million pens, six thousand
bedsteads, seven thousand guns, three
hundred million cut nulls, one bun
j dred million buttons, one thousand
i saddios, five million copper or bron/o
coins, twenty thousand pairs of spec*
taoles. . ,J^A