Newspaper Page Text
VOL. X. LAURENS, S. C.,' TUESDAY, JULY 9, 1895
_ . ___ NO. 49.
Man and HlnSlioea.
"How much in a man like his ?hoen! ?
For instance, both a sole may lose;
both have been tanned ; both are made
lly cobblers; both gel left and right ;
Both need a mate to be complete,
And both are made logo on feet.
They both need heeling, oft are sold,
Ann both in time will turn to mold.
With shoes the last is llrst-, with men
The llrst shall be last ; wlien
The shoes wear out they're mended new.
When men wear out they're men dead,
They both are trod upon, and both
Will tread on others, nothing loath.
Both have their ties, and both incline.
When |olished,ln the world to shine;
A nd both peg out. Now would you choose
To be a man or be his shoes?"
Sam's Prayer Meeting.
BY HAKK1K1' CAKYL COX.
It had been a pretty had wreck, to ho
sure, and the morning edition \>f the
Kastern papers would tell of the foar
ful collision that had occurred just as
the train entered Lead Valley.
But now the excitement, in the place
of the disaster, hod begun to quiet
down; for the rough minors of the
little settlement wero too used to perils
of all kinds to be long stirred by this
wreck, withaits half-do/.ou fives lost.
It was all over now, they reasoned,
and they had helped oheorfully as long
as help was needed; but now the
wrecking crew was at work, and only
an occasional straggler sauntered up
to look at the derailed cars and pile of
debris on either side of the truck.
The rest ol the settlement wero in
the oftlce of the one hotel the place
afforded ; and the room was blue with
smoke as they'sat about the sputtering
lire and related anecdotes, or vied with
each other in tales of danger and
Souae of tbu stories woro old ones,
as knowing gluucob betwoen the men
showed ; but the crowd was good
natured, and new and old alike wore
received with approbation.
I'M L>p,bes, the funny man of the
placo, had just finished tolling u new
and vory taking utory. Ed hud just
returned from a neighboring settle
ment, and had, doubtless, brought the
story with him.
As the shouts of laughter that had
greeted him died uway, one of the
men shouted : " Swearing Sam's goln'
tor sleep. Wake him up, and make
him tell us u good one. Come, Sam ;"
and they gave him a hearty slap.
" I could tell yer a story," he said,
slowly, after a moment's hesitation;
"but yer wouldn't believe it, and I
dunno as 1 want ter tell it;" and ho
replaced his pipe and relapsed into si
"Oh, come off!" they cried. "Yer
' .'?>u'<, sneak out or it that way. Guess
yer eau 'stanM'o Hjf/o don't swaller it
whole; it can't bo no woriif.f.ban some
what's been told tor-night; so go
ahead, old feller."
They looked inquiringly at him.
He drew his pipe out, rubbed its
smooth stein against his high boots as if
iu thought; then, tucking it into his
hoot leg, ho glanced abjut the dingy
?' It ain't exactly like any of yer stor
ies," he bogau ; hut the smash-up-tor
night made mo think of It same's 'twas
"'Twos fifteen years back, when I
woe a-logglng up in Michigan, and
things was so dull and hard we was
mighty glad whou anything interest
ing came up. So when one of the
loggers brought nows up from town
that there hud been u torriblo smash
up, we was rather glad than other
wise. Course we was sorry for them
who had folks killed, but it didn't
matterj'much to the folks what got
"So a whole crowd of us quit camp
and went inter town. There was
fifteen folks dead, and some pretty
bad shook up. There was one woman
who hadn't known n thing ever since
she landed on 'or head. And sho had
a little girl, so Ben who kept the house
told us, and he was dreadfully upset
'bout that child. 'Cause, you see,
there wu'n't any women folks in town
tor look aftor it. Ben's wife had took
a sudden notion tor go East a wook
before, and she was the only one,
except the station agent's wife, who
had died a month ago.
" 'h, docs seem kind er tough that
there ain't no woman ter kind or
mother her,' Ben said, as he set about
tho stove a-talking same's we be now.
' And she's mostoried herself sick, too.
Wish the train hadn't seen tit tor
smash up bore'; and he scowled an
" 'Yer wouldn't have sold so much
beer, ??> yer needn't be blaming your
good luck,' one of the men told him;
ut he seemed a bit troubled all even
ing and kept a-going^ up ter listen
close ter her door and see if sho'd
stopped crying. Blme by, he came
back considerably relieved.
" 'She sounds quiet,' he said ; 'and
now I guess we can rest easy.'
" So we wore having a rousing good
time, when all <>' a sudden the follor
next ter mo gave me an awful .start
and said kind or low : 'Sam, I see a
"'Ghost, nothing,* I replied; but I
looked where he pointed, and sure
enough there was something white a
coming down the dark hallway.
"By this time some o' the others
taw we wasa-lookin' at something, and
they looked too. And 'fore we began
tor realize what it was a little bit of
voice piped up:
*yfhy don't Susan come up to hoar
me say my prayers V"
" If it had been a real live ghost it
couldn't have struck us so sudden.
" 'Better go back ter bed,' Ben said,
trying to speak soft like. 'Susan's
busy now, and can't como; ' so run
" But Bhc know he was a-foolin' her,
and she was a spunky little thing.
" 'I will have Susan," she cried, a
stamplng her little bare foot. Tell
her to come right now,' and she looked
roal proud like.
" 'Susau ain't here ; she's gone,' Ben
said, kinder shamed. Guess you oan
say your prayers ter yerself this once,
can't yer r he asked.
'? 'Course not,' she said, her eyes
big. 'Thore wouldn't be anyone to
i-ay ; "God bloss you, darling, and keep
you;" ' and that little under lip <>' hers
bo gnu ter tremble.
I" I tell yer, boys thore come a lump
in my throat so big, if it had been
uold I'd V been a rluh man ; and all of
us was a-wishing wo were back in
camp, 'twas so mighty uncomfortablo
o-hearing that kid asking for some one
ter hear her prayers.
"Sudden, she uume further into the
room and looked all round ter us men,
and yer never seen such a pretty sight
in all vor lifo as she made there. Her
big blue eyos were tilled with tears
and her cheeks wore pretty and pink,
and her golden hair wan all f row/.led,
and her little pink feet peeped out
holow her white gown, like May
flowers when they shine through a
snowdrift on a warm day. Everything
was bo black around she looked like a
little white flower growing all alone
in a cluinj) or black ?tumpu: and some
how I wished all o' a sudden that I
wa'n't such a rough old chap. Thought
It must have been nice ter bad a kid
like that real friendly with me when I
come home nights.
"Seemeri as if she must have known
what I was thinking about, 'cause she
came up ter mo, real confiding like,
and put ner little hand onter my knee,
"'You'll hoar me say my prayers
won't you V
"I teil you that room was awful
still, and I didn't dare look rouud ter
see the fellers a-gr!nning at the
thought of me a-hearlng her say her
prayers. Hadn't said myowu for nigh
onter twenty years.
" But she stood expectant like, and
I tell yer, boys, I just couldn't say no.
I'd 'a' rutber had 'em all a-laughing at
me forever than 'a' hurt that poor kid.
Strange what fools men aro sometimes,
ain't it ?
" 'Well,' says I, 'go ahead; I'll listen.'
"Thenoshe dropped down onter her
knees, and clasped her little hands,
and I waited fer her tor begin.
" You must fold your hands, too,'
she said, 'and get down on your knees
side o' me.'
"'Oh, this'll do.' I said. 'I can
hear you just as well this way, and I
ain't very much used ter praying !'
"But she insisted, and so just cause
1 didn't know what else ter do, 1 got
down on the floor, too.
" I cant' seem ter remember very
much w it she said, only I know it
ended : 'od bless everybody'; and
then wh< sho said amen, she didn't
get up, but kinder waited.
" I looked round ter soo what was
up, and, if you'll beliove me, three of
them men were down on their kneed,
too, and one of 'em was crying like a
" 'Yer must say what shtj told yor
to,' whispered Bon.
"Then I kinder recollected what
she had said, and managed, with his
helping, to say: 'God bless you, darl
ing, and keep you,' and as I said it 1
meant it, too.
"She seemed satisfied thon, and got
up and shook hands with me; then
when BUI hold out his, sho shook all
round, and went otT a-smilln' aa happy
as could be.
"That's all there is ter it," and
Sam glanced defiantly ut his audience.
" But it's true, every word, and I'm
roud or it, too. 'Taint' very often we
ind er folks get a chance ter see
angels, and yer don't never want tor
miss it if yor do."
There was a silenco for a moment,
then Sam got up and pushed back his
stool and shufhed from the room.
"That was a good yarn of his,"
said one, as the door closed ; and the
others prepared to take their depar
" But yer never would or thought it
of him, would yer, now ?" queried an
One by one thoy tiled out, and the
landlord, barring the door boh ind
thorn, stood looking vacantly at the
" That was a good varn," he mused.
?Now Yoik Independent.
THK Alii ion IRRKGUIjAKITIKS.
Statement of t he Comptroller-General
?His Investigation ltcvealed No
< Yi mi mi I Wron/v uu (lie Part of
Comptroller General James Norton
has returned from Alken, whoro ho
went to look into the affairs of that
couuty which seemed to be very un
satisfactory from tho report made by
the grand jury. Genorul Norton, aftor
a close and thorough investigation of
the situation, finds that no State
funds are involved In tho reported
crookedness. He finds that while the
grand jury wore honest and sincere
in their presentment, still thoy were
laboring under wrong impressions.
Genorol Norton in speaking about
tho results of his trip, said that he
found there wore irregularities in tho
couuty commissioners office in the
letting of contracts for roads and
bridges. " I don't think" he said,
" that any personal benefit has accrued
to the members of the board by the
action they took.
"It is also true, as the grand jury
reported, that the expenses of the
county have boon increased seven or
eight thousand dollars, but for this
the county commissioners are not en
tirely reBonsible. A comparison of
the expenses for this year ami tho
years previous, shows that the county
commissioners had spent practically
nothing in improvement of roads and
bridges. This matter had been
neglected and the public necessities
required that larger amounts should
be expended in this line. In these
two sources, alone, a large part of the
incroascd expenditures are explain
Gonoral Norton said that tho court'
expenses were heavy. Ho learned
that there were ten or twelve murder
cases on hand, besides an unusual
number of other cases of a serious
nature. This caused an incroascd
amount of expend it urcs on the part
of tho shoriff and clerk, which had
to be paid, but these were matters
which wero beyond tho control of
tho county commissioners. Those
things could not beholped.
Tho grand Jury also reported Super
visor Sawyer as using public funds
to pay private debts. General Norton
says on the face of it, it looks that
way, but that Mr. Sawyer, -with the
consent of the commissioners, drew a
warrant in his own favor, which he
presented to a creditor. This was
not strictly legal.
It was also charged that Supervisor
Sawyor was guilty of forgery. Gon
oral Norton explains this by the fact
that Major Champion was clerk of
the board; he was sick and ncodod
tho money and Mr. Sawyor drew a
warrant and signed Mr. Champion's
name to it, in tho presence of the
board. This ho did to servo a friend,
and while technically the oharge was
true, still tue circumstances were suoh
as to relieve Mr. Sawyor of any
Genorol Norton concluded by saying
that from conversation with members
of the grand jury ho was confident
that the report was not raado for
political effect. The members of the
juvy were, iu his opinion, honest in
their wishes to do the best in tholr
power for their county. The jury
was composed of twelvo Reformers
and five Conservatives, and the special
committee, which investigated mat
ters, consisted of throe Reformers and
Goi.oral Norton while admitting
that there were great Irregularities,
does not think that any intentional
wrong was done. So far as money
is concernod, neither tho county or
Stales loses anything.
?Tho latest private residence com
Rioted In New York Is heated and
ghted by electricity. Electrlolty
will likewise do tho cooking in the
kitchen, and there are olectrio bells,
elooti'io dumb-waiters, an electric pas
senger elevator and electric ventilat
ing funs. Electricity also operates a
refrigerating system which is arranged
to keep the temperature in summer as
cool as it is la winter.
BILL ARP ON B?BIP8.
HIS KXI'KKIKNCB AS A NUKSrO.
He in Glad that Womon hove Them
?Great Men and Their Children.
That was a pretty Persian rhyme
which said :
" A new-born child lay crying
While all around were amiling;
An aged man wasUying
And peacefully was smiling
While all around were crying .
Sir William Jones put it in better
"On parent kneeB, a naked new-born
Lay weeping, while all around it smiled.
Ho live that, sinking in thy last long sleep
Calm thou mayst smile while all around
What is more wonderful or beautiful
thau the maternal instinct?what an
attraction does a birth in the family
have for all the sex?the women and
children, girl children I mean?the
men and the boys show no great con
corn. The babes would have a hard
and perilous time if entrusted to them.
Babes are born every day, every hour,
by the thousand. It is the most com
mon and universal event that concerns
our humanity. It is more common
than death, for more come into the
world than go out of It every year, aud
yet the excitement of a birth goes on
and is a big thing with matrons and
with maids. For a few days I have
sat In my veranda and ruminated, for
tho women come and go and the neigh
bors send flowers and kind messages
and the girl ohlldren come to see the
baby, and tho tiniest ono wants to hold
It In her arms. Verily, it looks liko
this was the first and the last ono that
ever was born. Tho three great events
of our life, our birth and marriage and
death, aro ministered, too, by woman.
What a sad afTair would either be
without her prosonce, her euro aud
sympathy. Tho wonder is that she
can go through the ordeal that provi
dence has assigned her, and be so con
tented, so calm and serene. What
mother over harbors gloomy fears or
forebodings about her infant child ?
How hopefully they look upon tho fu
ture?how happy in the love of her
offspring. Tho poot says :
" A mother is a mother still
The holiest thing ulive."
And she is. I wish that I was as good,
as true aud as loving us tho average
mother in this land. I wish that I
was as sure of heaven. Most of thorn
havo a child up there, and they still
treasure every smile, every dimple,
evory song, and in their waking
dreams realize what tho poet so beau
" 0, when a mother meets on high
The habe she lost in infancy,
ilnth she not then for pains und fears,
The day of woe. the watchful night,
Kur all her sorrows, nil her tears
An overpayment of delight?"
Tho matOnal instinct! Tho never
fading love of childron. My wife is
serenely happy now, for there is an
other child to look after, and she
moves around with her old alacrity. I
usod to help her with her own, but my
time is out. As old man Calder said
after the first battle of Manassas, " 1
have Ut enough," I usod to toto tho
little chap around the room sometimes
half tho night and sing my little song
until I wore it out, und ut times I felt
like the tired parent who hugged his
little hoy to his bosom and said : "I
wouldn't tako a million dollars for you
?no l wouldn't?but l wouldn't glvo a
nlcklc for another." It Is a weary busi
ness?nursing and caring for a little
child. But it is a part of the bargain, and
has to be dono, and it has its rewards.
The more tho father helps with tho
children the butter ho loves them and
the more thoy love hjm. Tho country
people, as a rule, have no nurses for
their children oxcopt the members of
tho family, and thoir devotion to tho
little holploss ones is beautiful. The
baby in a country homo is common
property. All nurso It and tho father
does his share when he comes from
tho field. Go to a country church on
Sunday and seo how many fathers are
not ashamod to " tote the child " and
keep It while, preaching is going on.
Why shouldn't ho V It shows his lovo
to the child and his loyalty to his wlfo.
The average farmer ha& not a very
wide field for his ambition. He is not
seeking fame or office or riches. Ho
has no longings forgoing to New York
or Washington or crossing the ocean.
His hope and desire is limited to his
family aud his farm and ho looks to
God for rain and sunshine. Thoro Is
nothing that weans him from his wifo
and children or that guts between him
aud them. Sometimes he takes the
family to town In the big wagon, and
sometimes the children go with him
to the mill, and on Sundays all go to
mooting, and so the weeks and months
roll on?proving the truth of the poet's
"Happy the man whose wish and care
A few paternal acres hound."
It is given to but few men in this
world to do any great thing, but all
can be happy If thoy will bo content
with their humble lot. 1 used to envy
the rich and grout, but do not now. As
a general rule grief and sorrow uro
tho porqulsitios of riches and of fame.
Groat men arc rarely blessed with
loving children. Not long ago ono of
our noblest men found himself face to
faco at Dolmonico's with a drunken
son. His mortification was intenso
and tho lines of trouble, still linger or.
his face. The pressure of public
affairs and tho constant struggle to
keop up socially and politically con
sumed tho time that should have been
devoted to his children. In such coVos
the mothor is their only safeguard.
She may do all she can, but she can- 1
not watch her boys when thoy got in
thoir teens. She can lovo and pray
and chide, but still they will stray
away. It is pitiful to see tho breaking
Of a mother's heart over a son who is
on trial for his life. How closely does
sho cling to him when all the world is
against him. I remember once a wid
ow who sold hor cow and her little,
furniture and then went from storo to
store bogging for a little more mono)
to take her to Arkansas to sen her son
who was in jail for murder. Hor devo
tion saved hts lifo, but not his liberty,
and she was thankful for she found
some work near by and could visit him
in his prison and comfort him with
her lovo and blessing. What an aw- |
1 ful thing it must be to have no one to
lovo you, and yet there are thousands
of suob in the prisons of the land. Noth
ing was so touching in Governor At
kinson's uftllotlon than his respito of a
man who was to be hung?his tendor
thought while on tho brink of the
grave of a poor wretoh who was beg
J[lng for his life. Dan Voorhees once
lurried to a distant State to defend a
young man accused of murder, and he
saved him for his widowed mother's
sake, because her father had been
good to him when he was young and
poor. If we men do not have love in
our hearts like a mother's, we honor it
and respect It and admire It all the
more. Bill Arp.
?Ill-gotten wealth cannot build any
kind of a house upon the rook.?Rams
AN NNOOURAU1NO PROSPI50T.
The Weal tier Generally Favorable aud
Narked Improvement in All Crops.
The following is tho report of the
weather bureau for the week ending
2nd of July :
The pant week opened with crops
needing rain over a considerable por
tion of the Stato, but partioulurly in
Spartanburg. Greeuvllle, Plokens,
Union, Laurent*, Newberrv. Ander
'?on, Abbevillo and Alken' countieB.
There were also dry districts in other
portions of the State where the need
of rain was not quite so urgent.
During the week showevs were
numerous but very partial ; some
farms, or even fields, having all the
rain needed, while adjoiuing farms
or fields had little or uouo. Beginning
with the 29th (Saturday) and continu
ing through to July 1st (Monday) the
rains were more evenly distributed,
and no portion of the State but that
received some rain in that period.
During the week there were wash
ing rains in Kershaw county, where
Heids are becoming grassy, being too
wet to work. There was also an excess
of raius in portions of Florence and
Barnwell counties hindering cultiva
There were local high winds doing
damage, over limited areas, to trees,
to cotton, and corn, in Chesterlield,
Kershaw and Williamsburg counties.
The sunshine during the week was
less than the normal, averaging only
about 58 per cent, for the entire State,
and ranging from 49 at Statesburg,
Sumter county, to 92 at McColl, Marl
boro county, but it was generally suf
ficient for the needs of the crops.
On the 25th there was a hail stem
in Marlboro county, but it did little or
? no damage ; on the 20th there was a
hall Btorm in Chesterfield cuunty that
did some damage to crops.
Tho temperature was quite oven
during the whole week, und on no
day did tho departure from tho nor
mal exceed .'1 degrees. It was slightly
above on four days aud bolow, o.* nor
mal, on throe, making the average for
the weok as nearly seasonable as is
possible to dotermiue.
Tho highest temporaturo reportod
was 100 on the 2.1th at Blackville,
and on the 20th and 27th at Loopors ;
tho lowest reported was <>2 on the 20th
The moan temperature of tho wook
for the State was about 80, and the
normal for tho same poriod is approxi
Tho only existing unfavorable con
dition is the continued deficiency in
rainfall in portions of tho State. There
wero showers evory day during the
past week in some section or other,
but they wore geucrully light, with
marked exceptions. The rains of the
latter portion of tho week foil after
many correspondents had mailed their
roports, aud so do not appear in this
wook's summary, but will appear in
tho figures of tho next bulletin. Tho
heaviest rainfall for the week is re
ported from Charleston, with a fall of
2.84 inches; there wore ten ot her
places with amounts of from l to 2
inches. The average of 40 rainfall
reports is 0.1H), and the normal for the
same period is approximately 1.28.
I As a result of the generally favor
able conditions, as shown by the above
weather review, there continues to he
a markud improvement in all crops,
aud farmers are woll up with their
work, the fields being, with a few ex
ceptions, clean and well cultivated.
The staple crops, cotton and corn,
arc small but growing well. The
formor being noted as tbo smallest, for
many yoars at this season. It is
vigorous and has a good color, and
is putting on squares froely ; llrst
blooms were generally reported dur
ing tho last wook of Juno, which is
considerably later than usual. In
Anderson and some other of tho Wes
tern group of counties its growth has
hitherto boon greatly retarded by tho
dry weather, hut now looks promising.
Sea Island cotton growing fairly weil.
Old corn is being laid by all over tho
State, as tho weather permits. It is
in the silk and tassel, and although its
stalk is short, yet its color is good and
promising generally. liottom lund
corn is said tobe In excellent condition
every where and making rapid growth.
Some cora being planted on oats stub
bles,- but pods are receiving tho pre
ference in many places for planting
Wheat thrashing is ncaring comple
tion with generally satisfactory yields,
but nothing extraordinary. Late oats
are a good crop in Sumter, Kairliold
and 1 lorry Counties, and possibly gen
The tobacco crop was j. oatly im
proved by tho rains of the past week.
In Williamsburg County sorao has
already been cut, and it will soon be
lit to cut in portions of Florence and
Peas are growing woll latoly, and
a large crop Is being planted on oats
stubbie. The showers have enabled
peas to germinato quickly.
Melons have maue decided improve
mont aud are promising a largo crop,
hut are so late that it is feared that
thoy will not ripen in time to llud a
Advantage was taken of the showery
weather to plant swcot potato si ps,
and the crop now promises better than
at any time this year.
Gardens sutTored most from tho dry
weat her, and in portions of tho State
aro practically ruined. However, it
is said they can he replanted, and with
favorable weather, yield largo crops
of fall vegetables.
Peaches are scarce and of poor
quality in B?rry county, hut peaches,
as well as many other varieties of
fruits and berries, are generally quite
plentiful. The quality of the fruit
varies in UilTot'unt sections, hut is
generally very fair. Apples aro plenti
ful, und though small are of excellent
?t/rhu Stato is remarkably freo from
Iqsoct posts, none having boon re
ported the past week ; the weather
conditions aro generally favorable,
and with the crops in a satisfactory
condition, tlio mid-summer outlook is
most encouraging for farmers.
THUS WKATHKR BURKAU.
A (lliange in Ihn Management oi'llic
Weather by Wa .l>iuuiuu Author!
Prof. Murk W. Harrington, cliief of
tho weather hurcuu, has boon rolioved
from duty, owing to u disagrc i iont
w'.th Secretary Morton. His na
tion was called for on Juno l?ib, but
he declined to resign aud subse
quently was removed by tho President
to take effect July 1st. The rotations
botwoen Secretary Morton and Prof.
Harrington, who was appointed from
Michigan, have .been strained for
months and correspondence between
them has been carried <on only in the
most formal language. Soon after the
change of administration Seoretary
Morton instituted an investigation of
tho business affairs of the bureau.
The result ineroased tho strained re
lation between the Sooretary and him
self/ The trouble came to a cllmux on
June tilth with a call for tho profes
The successor of Mr. Harrington
will be Prof. William L. Moore, of
Chicago, who has been recommended
by Secretary Morton a? the new chief
of tho bureau, and who is regarded as
one of the best forecasters in the ser
vice with a reputation for accuracy
second to none in the department.
He lirdt came to the notice oi Secre
tary Morton about a year ago, when
the Secretary began a thorough in
vestigation of tho work being done by
the weather bureau, with the eud in
view of materially improving tho sor
vioo and causing it to issue practical
information for tho farmer, meruhan
and sailor and every other lino of bus
iness in whleh tho condition of the
weather and tho approaeh of storms
had anything to do. Circulars wore
issued to the better class of forecasters
asking for essays on the practical fore
casting of tbo weather bureau. About
thirty of the men replied. These es
says, numbered, but with thoir au
thors' names unknown, wore turned
over to a board consisting of
Chief Harrington, Prof. Mendenhull
and Major Dunwoody. This board se
lected tho best of these essays, less
than ton, and the authors wore order
ed to Washington to make roports.
This'was done for a month und Moore
reoolving tho highest poreontago,
almost 100, was given tho position of
5>rofessor of tuoteorology at a salary of
12,500. Ho was, prior to this, local
forecaster at Milwaukee, but after his
promotion was transferred to Chicago.
I luring last winter be matin a won
derful record considering the charac
ter of the weather. There wero nu
merous cold waves that season, some
of them of unusual severity, and it was
his marvelous accuracy in predicting
their coming that again attracted the
attention of Secretary Morton. One
thing that pleased tue Secretary was
Moore's fashion of making statements
about which there could be no doubt,
lie avoided all ambiguous predictions
and risked a positive statement or
frankly said in his report that it was
impossible to judge the forthcoming
conditions, following this witli the
best judgment ho could commund. Ho
rarely missed the. mark aud his re
ports wore tho best made in that very
trying kind of weather.
In politics Mr. Moore is said to be a
Republican. Ho is a man of about
forty years of ago and has grown up in'
NOT A HI :i> UF KOSIO*.
The TriuiN and Perplex 11 loa of llic
The Augusta Ohrontole says that
SOlUOtilUCB just after till election, wllCU
the victory lias ? 066II won, tlio band
BOienudcs, and fl'i?ddri eon;; rat u la I e,
many people go homo envying the
lucky man. Rut this is only the
bright Bide of the picture. Tho trials
that are yet to come are not so pleas
ing. Tho men who are ready to lull
how hard they worked for htm and
how much they need his assistance
will be along bright and early the next
morning, and they will keep it up.
Ho finds the pleasures largely out
weighed by tho sacrifice of Ids inde
pendence und loss Of his person:) I free
dom. Ho cau no longer havo quiet
when he wunts it, and control his own
time. Ho is the servant of the public
and the ottico seeking portion of the
public is a tircloss task master. Tho
Knoxvillo Tribune congi atulating
(Jov. Taylor, of Tennessee, upon his
abandonment of politics for tho lecturo
platform draws the following picture
of tho politicians:
"Tho path of the political oillee
seoker Is rough and stony, aud in the
crown of the ollico-holdor there are
about as many thorns as roses. He
gocth to his labors with anxiety bal
ancing hope, and he lieth down upon
a bed of willows instead of poppies,
with worry for a pillow and disgust for
a blanket. Ho risoth in tho morning
with that tired feeling which tho
pleasure of place and the pomp and
power of position cannot dissipate.
Ho makoth transient friends und per
manent enemies, aud when ho sighs
for tho music of pruiso his weary oars
aro harshly greeted with tho discord
ant voico of tho merciless critic and
self-appointed censor. Siva follows
him with relentless pursuit, while
Vishnu regards him with cold indif
ference and informs him that he must
lookout for himself. His friom levy
tribute upon him and his substunco
moltoth like ice in the summer sun
and vanishcth like a shadow at the
break of day. Ho gouth to his gravo
in sorrow and disappointment and the
alabaster boxes of praise and kind
words that wore denied him while liv
ing are opened upon his coffin, too lato
to heal or soothe. They fall only on
tho " dull cold oar of death."
Twenty Million of Church Members
in I he United Stales.
Tho census report of the United states
covering the statistics of ohuruhts,
which has just come from the prcts,
contains some int.-resting facts. It is
an elaborate work of more than 8(0
pages, with colored maps showing ti c
oxtentof tho various organized religi
ous bodies in the various States.
There arc 143 distinct denominations
in tho United States, besides indeptu
dont churches and miscellaneous con
gregations. Tho total communicants
of all denominations is 20,012,800, who
belong to 105,177 organizations or con
These congregations havo 112,521
edilices, which have sitting for 42,504,
Tho value of all church property, |
usod exclusively for purposes of wor
ship, is 1670,630,139. There uro 11,
030 regular ministers, not including
Tiiere arc five bodies which havo
more than 1,000:000 communicuuts-und
uinutoon inoro than ?UO,??U. The
cants in round numbers are us follows :
Itomi n Catholic, 0,250,000; Mctlio
dist, 4,000,000; Baptist, 3,726,000 i I'ros
bytorian, 1,280,332; Lutheran, 1,230,
000 ; Protestant Episcopal, 540,000.
jt A study of the tletuils of tho statis
tics devolop some apparently strarge
results. Out of a total of 130,000 Jew
ish communicants, tho reformed ex
ceed tho orthodox by lf>,000. There
aro 13,500 Kussian orthodox, 100 Greek
orthodox and I0,8f>0 Greek Cothollcs.
The Salvation Army has 8,742 mem
bers enrolled, and tho Christian
Scientists just 18 loss thun that num
ber. Tho denomination of Ethical Cul
ture has a membership of 1,004, while
the Altruist is able to show but 26
followers. The members of tho
Theosonhlcal Society aggregate 696.
In number of communicants and value
of church property Now York leads
and Pennsylvania follows, but in tho
number of organizations mid church
edifices Pennsylvania is Hist and Ohio
The lncroaeo In tho vuluu of churoh
property sinco 1870 hau botn $'M>8,140,
i).')8, or noarly 02 per cent, wnilo tho
number of churchos huB increased 42
por rent. Tho increase in number of
organization* is 120 per tent.
I ONK JIUNDHUI) YKAHB AGO.
(flow the Declaration of Imlepon
deuce Wus CelcbrnOnl by our An
N. Y. Shipping List, July <i. 1805.
Tho week which hat) just hud its
centennial anniversary was remark
able in this country, und especially in
this city, for its popular aud joyful
oelebration of the nineteenth birthday
of the Declaration of Independence.
Prior to that an important State
and political ueremony was gone
through on July 1. On that day, John
Jay, tho recent returned Ambassador
to Great Britain whoso treaty was
then the uppermost subject In all mou's
minds, was duly| sworu iu as Gover
nor of tho Stato of Now York, to
which otlice ho had boon elected dur
ing his absence. Tho simplicity of
the ceremony was democratic in the
extreme. Mr. Jay remained quiotly
at his residence on Broadway, and
here about noon tho Secrotury of State
waited upon him. In tho presence of
a few geutlemon the oath of ofllco was
tbcu administered in the prescribed
form to Mr. Jay as Governor, aud ulso
to Lieut.-Gov.-elect Van Konssolaer.
This function was followod by a re
ception, attoudod by all tho prominent
citizens of the town, when tho Gover
nor received cungratuiutlons on his
accession to oOlce.
The uext event was tho Fourth of
July, aud preparations were made for
the greatest celebration Now York
had known. Notices wcro published
in tho papers, calling upon all patriotic
citizens.to refrain from business of any
kind, aud the morning of a glorious
day was ushered in by Deals of hell?
from every steeple hi the city, and 11
Federal salute of cannon tired in But
tery Bark. This salute was repealed
at midday and again in the evening.
Following tho morning salute every
body in tho city started for tho But
tery, where tho procession of the Jay
waste form. Promptly at 11 o'clock
Col. Uutgors, commander of the Legion,
took up with Itis brigade the line of
march up Broadway. Following were
the Mechanic, Tammauy und Demo
cratic societies, Capt. Montaigne's
company of Light Rangers, a guard of
militia ollicors aud others, nearly a
thousand men being in the Hue.
The procession marched to tho New
Presbyterian Church, where tho serv
ices of tho day wcro held. They were
opened with tho reading of that im
mortal document, the Declaration of
Independence, by Mr. Kdward Living
ston. After this came tho oration,
delivered by Mr. Miller, and charac
terized in the public prints of that time
as an "elegant and patriotic dis
course." The procession then reformed
and returned to Battery Bark, where
those troops who were under arms dis
charged a fou do joio, amid great
enthusiasm, and the parade was dis
Fach company thou repaired to its
particular chosen spot for dinner, und
the jovial und social celebration proper
to the spirit of the times was begun.
At the famous old Tontine Coffee
House tho merchants of tho city gave
a groat banquet, at which were pres
ent as guests such distinguished men
as His ICxccllcncy (]ov. John Jay,
Major-Gen. Morris, Judge Iredell.
Senator Reed of South Carolina, Mayor
King, Judge llohart, Col. Hamilton,
Judgo Lawrence. Secretary of State
Dr. Johnson and others. The toast list
was a long one and patriotic to the last
word. Another big dinner was that
given in the rooms of the Friary, at
which tho entire Third Company of
the Artillery Regiment were the
At the conclusion of tho dinners the
various societies seated about their
boards sent and received deputations
with congratulatory and patriotic
messages. Among the organizations
thus exchanging courtesies wore the
Corporation, the Society of tho Cin
cinnati, tho Militia Olliers. tho Me
chanic, Tammany, Democratic. New
York Rangers aud others. In the
evening tho day's festivities were con
cluded with uu elaborate display of
fireworks by Col. Raumau and the
Regiment of Artillery, which was a
great treat for that time.
Celebrations also took place in other
cities, Huston, in particular, having a
groat parade and accompanying ser
vices anu orations. In Philadelphia
only was the day marred by any dis
turoanco. Hero early in the morning
a crowd of disaffected ones, whose op
position to tho recent treaty was still
strong, attempted to burn in effigy
John Jay. Tho magistrates, learning
of the plot in time, wore prepared,
and tho attempt frustrated, six or
eight of the ringleaders being arrest
ed. Toward evening another mob,
no tube ring; porhups 300, which had
formed OUt In the Northern Liberties,
marched into the. city and repeated
tho attempt. A troop of tho city
cavalry wore at once called out and
charged the mob with drawn swords.
After a brief struggle, in which sev
eral wore slightly injured, the rioters
broke and run, and the trouble was
Abroad tho wcok was scarcely more
eventful. The Kronch Republic was
contending with the expedition of the
Royalist emigrants lauded by Great
Britain at the Ray ofQulbei'OO, and the j
Chouans and Vcndeans were Increas
ing their hostile activity. At Paris,
tho American minister, .lames Monroe,
celebrated tho Fourth of July by a
royal fete. The President of tho
National Assembly wav present and
proposed the toast, "Congress and
President Washington,'' which was
grooted with tremendous enthusiasm.
Nearly three hundred guests were
presont, including nearly all the foreign
Ministers, many Deputies of the con
ventiOn. und public um) prominent
inon. A guest whose brilliancy orna
mented ihr occasion and did credit to
his native country was Thomas Palno.
the author of the famous " Age of
One other event, and this a deed of
magnanimity aud mercy, marked the
celebration of the American Independ
ence Day abroad. At Bruno, the
year before, a Dr. Bellman had at
tempted by force to oarry off the nobln
Marquis de Lafayette. His attempt
had lulled,|and he himself was caught
and imprisoned in the military prison
at that place. A year later, on the
anniversary of the day his attempt
had been mnde, he was liberated and
warned to leave French territory for
?The meeting of the State Teachers'
Association ju?t closed ut Converse
College wu8 well attended, and the
papers and discussions were of an inter
esting and profitable nature.
The South Carolina College, Wof?
ford, Ciomson, Due West, Columbia
College, in fact nearly all the princi
pal colleges, city schools, high schools,
etc., wore represented.
' mm I .?iii ->
Ladies, if want a pure, delicate, soap
for the complexion, Carpenter BrOP.,
Greenville, S. C, Druggists, will al
ways rocominond Johnson's Oriental
Medicinal Toilet Soap.
Jobnson s Magnetic Oil cures cri.mp
and colic and internal i.enralgia; lU
and 7.'i cents. Sold ntCarpontor Uro?.,
Greenville, S. C.
m n,i)i\<; COTTON mii,i,s.
How Iii?? Co-Onoruilvo I*lun Works
In Houili Caroline
Building cottou mills on th - co
operative plan is a scheme tuat Is
proving most successful in North und
South Carolina und that is doing much
to put these two States in the lead in
the cottou manufacturing industry.
Formerly Georgia hold the undis
puted luud in the consumption of cot
ton by factories, but in recent years
South Carolina has outstripped hor
and to-day manufucturos moru cotton
goods than any other Southern State.
North Carolina, however, has pro
fgrossed more rapidly in'cotton manu
acturing in recent years than all her
other sister States and South Carolina
and Coorgia will have ail Jdiey can do
to keep in tho lead. In ull three
states the progress in manufacturing
is remarkable and the next census will
show u wonderful inorcuso in tho
uumbor of sp'ndlos in these three
Uuo of tho features in mill building
in tho Carolinas bus boon tho co
operative pi mi und it has done as much
us anything else to build up tho in
dustry. This has boon the scheme
particularly in North Carolina and is
now being worked very successfully
across tho river.
Tho most notable and most ret out
iustuuco of this is reported from
Columbia, and it gives promise of such
gooil results that it might prove of in
terest to Augustaus since cotton man
ufacturing is such a successful Indus
try bore and the enlargement ol pluuts
in and around this city is being pushed
with such enterprise.
The capital stuck *>f the new ?? Caro
lina Mills,'' it is announced, will he
$100,000 at the outset, with provision
for uu increase to a million doll irs,
and it is to be paid in at the low rate
of one dollar per share per month, ou
tho plan of building; and loan and
other Instalment companies. It Is do*
signed to make the undertaking a
popular one, and one in which even
the smallest capitalist can take part,
and the rate adopted is low enough to
insure that end. " Small subscrip
tions." it is added, are to ho encour
aged, with a view to interesting
"every man, woman and child in Co
lumbia," in the mill, and it should in
clude practically tho whole popula
tion of the city in its ownership and in
the benefits of its work. Such a mill
should he of great value to the com
munity, as a kind of savings bunk with
the wheels in it, and should prove pro
fitable if any mill can, win ther hard
times or sofi time.-:.
The Charleston News and Courier in
discussing this new mill says :
Its success at so conspicuous a point
would lead to the establishment of
more mills like it throughout tho State
and its promoters, therefore, and for
every reason, have the host wishes of
all good citizens of the State. The
time will come, sooner Of later, when
i In- small mills will have to compote
with some of the big mills foe business,
or for faboi', or for public support in
times of strikes, panics anil other
trials. The OO-oporutlvo mills, repre
senting the communities in which they
work, will he at no disadvantage with
the corporative mills in such condi
tions, and should he among the. safest
It was mildly suggested last \ear
that there was danger of our building
too many cotton mills, the fear being
that South Carolina would crowd tho
cotton manufacturing Held if it kept
or. building at the rate of the post few
yeai'8. Twenty-live now mills have
been added to our list since the first of
the year, however, ami there is no
sign yet of the business being over
done. North Carolina has added
twenty-nine new mills to its plant in
thi! same time, ami capitalists and
manufacturers in New Kngland ai c
building several big mills, any Oi.o of
which will represent a half dozen or
more of our smaller ones.
There is plenty of room in the South.
The co-operative mill at Columbia
should have its duplicate in every
town in the South before this time
?it may not he known generally
that the Dowager lOtnpi'OSS of China
has had a very romantic history. She
was a child of poor parents in the
suburbs of Canton, ami icmurkuhh- for
her beauty. At a time when her
parents did not know whoilCO their
daily bread was to conn- she suggested
that they sell her as a slave. This
course was followed and she became
the property of a famous general. Ho
was so enchanted with her beauty that
he adopted her. When the general
next went to I'eking, so says a corres
pondent, the general olTcrered his
beautiful daughter to the Idmporor,
and thoroby won great favor. The
young girl so charmed his Majesty by
her looks and intelligence that he
soon made her his wife. When the
Kmperor died tho former slave became
regent of the empire, and administer
ed the national alTairs better than
almost any of her predecessors. Shi
is justly considered one of the groatOS
women of her time.
A I'KoMKi.Nc liny. A boy in tho
Wiohlta, Kansas, schools bus been
suspended fur r cud log the following
essay on "rants,'' says the Guthrie
State Capital; "I'ants are made for
men and not men for pants. Women
are made for men and not for pants.
When a man pants for a woman and a
women pants for a man they are a pair
of pants. Such pants don", last, i'ants
are li?o molasses : they are thinner in
hot weather ami thicket' in cold. The
man in the moon changes his pants
during the eclipse, Don't you goto
the pantry lor pants, you might he
mistaken Men are often mistaken in
pants. Such mistakes makes breeches
of promise'. There has been much dis
cussion as to whether pants Is singular
or plural. Seems to US when men wear
pants they are plural, and when thoy
don't weal' pants it is singular. Men
I go on a tear in their panto, and it is alI
right, hut when the pants go oil a tear
it is all wrong."
? A proposition has reached I he
management of tin: Cotton Stales lir.d
International Exposition from llorhcrt
Saunders ?V Co.. of London, offering to
build on the lake a fae simile of the
trans-Atlantic stoamship St. Louis, to
bo of the same si/.e as the original am)
elegantly lilted out. The Interior ol
the ship will he used as a restaurant
and the vessel will he reached from
the shore by gangways. This is a ilu
plieate of an exhibition now being
given at the Antwerp Exposition.
?Practical astronomy should hem lit
greatly by the construction ol the
largest lens in the world, which lias
just been linished by the Clai'Us. ol
Cambridge, Mass. This great lens.
which is a gift to the Chicago Univor*
sity. is 144 inches Indiamotor and 500
pounds in weight It is four Inohofl
greater indinimtu' than the lens ol
t he Lick tolcscoi o in California) which
has hitherto held the first place among
the groat lenses of tho world.
Kll.l.tOl) ?> 1 1 llIk r.VMii,v.
Tlx- l'i tght ful \ui ofu Madman?>Ite'
Suffocates Himself and Family With
n Flood of Gaa.
Frederlok llcbmuun, u well-to-do
mason conti actor in Chicago on the 4th
inst. murdered Iiis wile and four chil
dren and ilien killed himself. It was
at first supposed that ilellnunin and
his wife and children met death by
accident, hut it devolopoijVt Abe OOri
onor's inquost that ?ho wlioltFale mmv
der was calmly 'planned, und that the
man intended to kill himself and end ",
tho existence of all the members of
his family. The (lead man and his
victims are: Frederick Uellmann,
aged .'IT: Mis. Ida Heitmann, aged 32.}
Prod. Uellmann, Jr., aged ll; Ida
Bellinauu, aged It); William Hell man,
aged 7; Headwig Bellman, a three
year-old duugh tor.
The tragedy to<)k place In a little
briok cottage at tho corner of Cornelia
aud Wood streets. The motive for the
crime may never he known, but it Is
supposed the act was that of a mad
man, as Bellmauu ten years ago had
a sunstroke, from which he never re
Suspicion WUB first ai'OUSCd the next
morning hy the fact that tho house In
which tiio Bollmauns lived was tight
ly closed long after the usual hour
for the family to bo astir. The mother
ami married Bister of Bellmau, who
lived next door, attempted to break
into the house, but were unable to do
so. They finally managed to force an
entrance through a window that had
been left unfastened und made their
way te one of the bed room where tho
dead bodies of all the family wore
Th? house was so full of gas t tint tho
I two women wore nearly overcome ami
i it was only after it had in on opened
Up that it was found possible to turn
oil the gas, which was streaming from
an open jet. The relatives ami all tho
neighbors at once concluded that the
deaths hail been the "scull of tin ac
cident, and the poir.ee when ti.. ,v OUIUO
adhered to tllO same opinion. Tho
open gas j.'t was just above the bed in
which the mother ami one of tljts.
children lay ami it was supposed that
one of them had. during the night,
accidental iy hit the stopcock and
knocked it open. At tho imiiicst.-t.JWrT^""
ever, an entirely different complexion
was given the alVair hy Charles, a
brother of Ilellmuntl/'Who produced a
letter wrlltcn"T)"y the murderer ami
suicide late on the previous evening,
in which he clearly stated his purpose
of killing himself, although he gave
no intimation of tue fact that ho was
meditating the deaths of the members
of his family.
lit Rpoku of the window through
which the woman had crawled as the
one through his brother could gain
admission to the house ami said that
he had li ft it open for that purpose.
< M hor circumstances also went to show
the deliberate intention of the man.
The gas piper, were only placed ill tllO
house two weeks ago. It is now the
belief that they were put, there for the
purpose of carrying < ut the deed so
success! UI ly nccoin pi is lied.
Charles llellmausaid that he could
see no reason for his brother's action
save insanity. He was devoted to his
family and his business was in a
nourishing condition, he not owing a
dollar. A V'Ol'dict of murder and sui
cide was rendered 1>\ the jury.
WOMION US ICD TO VOTK
Female SulIVaK'cNnl a Novell) in South
Woman's I'M it inn nl lliu Cotton IMnnt.
Tho (jmstiou of fonialo mi IT rage Is
not a novel cm' in South Carol Inn, fo.i
it: was here that I ho 11 rat experiment
in the history of tho world was tried.
In 17(58, the now parish <>f St. David
having been formeil by the not of tho
Genoral Assembly (Colonial) <?ut of
tho parish ol St. Mark's. Prince
Frederick and Prince Gcorgo forming
the Choraw District, ami which parish
of St. David is now ohiolly the county
of Darlington, writs of election came
down for a new mctnhorof the General;
Assembly. \V>' have now tho old poll
list, ami it contains the name, of oj
huud.'cd and llty-scvcn electors, Of
theso, six were women, as follows:
Uehecca Lido Francis Den ton, Gather*
ine Little, Kli/.ahoth Cornwoll, FraivtH
Oillospiu und Sarah Hooth. * *^S|
At this election Col. Coorgo Gabriol |
Powoll received one hundred ami llfty?
four votes, ami wasch - od. lie was a'
distinguished man. an I ivns afterwards,
appointed one of the justico of 11
Majesty's Court of i?mmcn I 'load
ami General Sessions. Sec Crogff'p
11 istor.v of ?>hl (Ihei'aw.
Tho names of those female voters I
were among the most distinguished of^
their day, ami ere familiar fuuxi-tg
names today in Darlington county ,3
where they lias. !< Ii honori ds of do4
It will he remembered that at thJJB
time, although we were a llritish ]?>s?j
session, we were living under a com!
Rtilution made h\ oursolves and which,
j had been graciously allowed and ap?;
proved by His Majesty. The history.:
I of that constitution is one of the most !
rcinurkuh.c Incidents in the chronicles'!
of civil liberty. It will bo rennm-I
bored tliut wo wore tin- favored amll
pot colony of (Jrent llrttuih. si.ohndH
oxlinustod tbo ir.a! lonrniug and in?l
gonuity of tbo ugc to concoct u tnodolH
Constitution for US. It was composcilK
and drawn up by tbo renow ned i.u. ,-:e.H
the greatest ni< laphysical pniio.-opheiM
that has ever written in the KngllsiH
tongue, assisted bj inj Lord Salisbury!
ono oi the llncst practical stntotone'iH
of tbo age ; hut that em, .t itul i< Hi '<nl
not at last contain enough of tin: prinH
olploa of civil Iii' rtj for liboi a! KoolH
Carolina, and it lived only a
months and wit* overt hrov.u 1?y~~fM
general uprising ol toe people nguimH
it. They then went to work quicllH
and systematic illv ami made a coestH
tution for thoinsolv? s. winch the ? ?Jm
found It convenient to . ??? ? n HB
owing to his own domestic tinuhlos^H
that I line. BB
This popular constitution was tH
pioneer, i! tin: model, of all KS
publican constitution* and forms
popular government in Ann ,
lived mill, r it ni ar j half a cent Jj
before tie Declaration of I mlepeudei^l
ami tlie formal ion of tlie Unit? d 1 :< jflj
Iiis not claimed that that constfl
tlon established female suffrage] I
it did not forhul it. and we see ihiH
wa.- allowed Ifcfl
parish. A. S'lohA NiatfJieB
CJn eh\ I 1 11 ?. S. (.'. , yU
Carolina, I uited States Nun ?? J|
Mexico, is now i- Washington :uul
presses mi intention to return |(H
post if his health COOl IllUCS to : mpfl
(Jon. Hansom's recent sovere iiinoH
Mexico unused bis return to rfl
Carolina, ami it was generally^!
posed that he would lender Ills iH
nation on the expiration of his
of absence. Ills health is now itfl|
a fair way t<> restoration that h<H
resume bis diplomatic fui.ctioiiH
I City Of Mexico if there is ?0.3