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AH APPBAL TO UNOLB SAM
TWM MOOKOIOH WANTIIF.L.P FltOM
14 Ih< Iteforiuera Ar? Denounced
Hi?oiiK'y ?Itt'Huy to Join WHh All
Op|MMio<tiN oi* i lu- Administration.
Tim nogiocs held a, conference laut
week la Columbia, winch wasatteuJed
by fifty or sixty, mostly preachers.
Tin? following 1h tho address issifed by
'Co the*pcoplo of the United States :
Am a part of the constituent olomeuts
from which our national government
draws its life-blood in time of pence,
and from whose life-blood It exacts
tribute in time of war, under the broad
reciprocal relations that should exist
among all the people of one common
country, that should, be ohistio, offou
. bIvo or defensive weapons for etfery
American citf/. m. however humhlo at
home or abroad, In order that' the
tbeory of government handed down by
the fathers might. be fuily realizeu
and enjoyed by every individual on
every touh of national territory, wo
submit thut a t>mull but desperate
minority of the population ha) (lectur
ed its purpose to pefpetuato its power
by unlawfully trampling under, feet
all the rights .and franchises granted
us by the Federal Constitution as a
means of protecting life, liberty aud
We have used every nit uns in de
fense of our constitutional rights and
franchises, known to law-abidiug citi
zens iu this State without effect, and
us a last resort are forced to call upon
the strong arm of the national govern
ment for u deforce of rights granted
aud guaranteed by itself.
As the array und navy are held in
a reserve force to uphold local au
thorities JLn every State, the Federal
government in order not to bo imposed
upon ami used to support anarohy
under the pretonse of suppresblng it,
should see to it that a republican form
of government which we understand
to be a government instituted by the
sovereign will of a majority of the con
stitutionally qualified voters, actually
exists.in evofy state.
We humbly crave ycur influence
with the constituted authorities of the
nation iu order that their consciences
and arms' might be strengthened in
efforts to havo the constitution and
.laws of the nation upheld so that each
American citizen might have the
equal protection of the law without
which constitutional guarantees are
mere mockeries and life itself a burden
to the people of the State.
Wo asfcurO'tho fair-minded white
people of this state that we are will
ing to use overy means within our
power'to aid iu the overthrow of the
small but designing oliquo now in
EDssession of the government which
as busied Itself in the reorganization
of tho courts and militia for the pur
pose Of perpetuating; its powe ? und
which hi'.s been so emboldened with
success . in former revolutionary steps
as to declaro under covor of the uncon
stitutional registration laws, its de
termination to hold a convention of its
own make and liking and disfranchise
the vast majority of the voting popula
tion regardless of constitutional pro
It assigns as its reason for such un
constitutional and revolutionary stops
that a constitution must be made to
prevent what, thoy are pleased to call
" negro domination " and to establish
" white supremacy," which means, re
duced to Its essence, the supremacy of
the faction now in control.
A8 the facts of history themselves
Erovo, we deny that therCjJias ever
ecu a desire or attempt on our part
to dominate tho government. With
the largo body of us voting, most of
whom are illiterate and poor, there is
hot as much danger of our control of
government as thoro is of the laboring
classes in asMsachusetts, New York or
Pennsylvania, who witlj unlimiteo j
suflrago, contrasted with Tillmanlte
following, do not control.'
?Wlillo wo aro entitled to partlclpa
~ IjLtrTeTrovornmeht commensurate
ir wealth and intelligence re
lion is only a secondary con
on compared with our right
n our right of suffrage which
'bo annulled by any constitution
our theory of self-government
|r that every man may posses
ns within his person to protect
JOrty anil possessions, the gov
power is divided into as many
al parts as there are male
to each of whom Is dcodud an
ortlon designed to be used in a
ntativo capacity and tho ballot
nder our form of government all
and administrators of the law
Igned to be the creatures of the
!ed and are therefore the servants
to. whom they must look for
to all continuation in otllce,
means protection for all, the
to the governed in such a form
eminent does not exist half SO
111 poverty or illiteracy as the
illations of vast fortunes by tho
th~e influence of which may be
sed to swerve the servants of the
ole to administer the government
r law In tho interests of a few to tho
deterlraent of the many. Besides if
there is to be a rirvilege class govern
ment, restricted to persons possessing
a certain aniG?lA?* property or educa
tion, what reasons are thc-.re for not
Vurther restrict! ngrtho governing class
^to a few college /rofessors or million
aires V , ?
. By making Jaf? offloers of the law,
who shall be ale servants of all, the
dependent orenburos of a class only,
you make them tho willing or un
willing tools of that olass alone, and
they will be bound to conatrue and ad
minister law .to please members there
of only ; in which system it is apparent
that l he class shorn of power Is With
out even as milch protection as slaves
whose masters' ballots protect them.
Such a form of government we had
in a 'im!ted degree before the war,
when the free negroes, the unprlvl
Icded olass, had to have guardians by
whom many were doprived of freedom
and property. Any form of govern
ment (if we may dignify it by such a
term) which forces a olass of people to
contribute to Its existence without a
voice, whoso contributions in the
hands of the privilege class aro used
as engines of oppression, Is worse
than that among savages where all
men at loast equal. By Nature's God
and the Constitution of the United
States we havo been inado froe men
and guardians of our own rights and
our ballots given, as peaceful weapons
of defense, and no honest and loyal
citizen is willing to deprive us of thorn,
aud wo bhall fight the llcsh, tho devil
and all his Imps through evory court
and power in tho nation boforo wo
shall be robbed of our rights by an
A privilege class government pro
duces on the one hand a class of cring
ing ouppllant cowards glad uvon for the
poor privilege ol life for a short time,
and on tho Qthor a olaW w arrogant,
cruel and hearties* murderors because
conscious of wrongfully obta'nod power
whoso members fear mithin?' from
their creatures, the officers of the law,
w ho construe and administer it as suits
tin- Will Of their masters.
Such a government we have in this
State to-day, and the ruling faction is
in favor of handing it down 'in all its
wickedness as a curse to generations
unborn, but we are uuwllllng to entail
such a legacy to future generations.
Most of our murdors and all our
lyuchings are Immediately tracoable
to Buoh a government, and under it
our State will: continue to sink from
bad to worse until it becomes auch a
hell that uo one can live In it.
Man, naturally given to error, Is Im
pelled to right action from only two
courses, the nope of reward or fear of
punishment, and the law antedating
the Mosato age, that lie that taketh
man's life must forfeit his own as a
penalty, has been abrogated aud the
rule iu this State Is that a white man
taking the life of a colored man doeB
not pay the penalty .with his own,
which has spread to others and is no
longer confined to that oppressed class.
Upon the slightest provocation mem
bers of the privileged class, without
fear of punishment, murder or play
the part of prowling savages or canni
bals, and dignify it by caillug it a
1 lynching, as tho conscience of the
State has been so seared that it Is re
garded as a virtue rather than a crime
to lynch a fellow-being. Murders and
lynchings are noxious pla* ts flourish
ing only under a privileged olass gov
ernment, and will surely die when the
sheriff and court are mado to dopend
for future favors upen the suffrage of
We believe In universal suffrage, be
cause we believe in that right of all,
wbich, under our form of government,
cannot be seoured without making the
political power of each man equal In
the creation of the administrators of
The most illiterate and humblest
citizen, possessing nothing but his life
and muscles, has as much right to the
means of protecting his property,
though invisible, as tho millionaire.
When deprived of our ballot, our in
fluence with the administrators of tho
law is gono and we are absolutely
While all members of tho privileged
class do not tako advantage of our
hciple.-.s condition, many do, and it is
cruol and hope-destroying to deprive
us of tho power to aid huroano and
liberal men in the election of such
honest men as will, in the dispensation
of justice, hold the scales equally bal
anced, whether the subject weighed is
black or white. The rulo adopted by
the Democratic Exeoutive Committee,
debarring all colored men, regard
less 01 past political affiliations, from
participation In tho approaching pri
maries of said party, and allowing all
white men, regardless of past politloal
amllaUpn, to participate .n the same,
with t'Je declared purpose of counting
In tho general eleotlon the ones named
In the primaries, is violative of every
principle of justice and honesty, re
pugnant to the doctrines of civilized
government, und a.practical repudia
tion of the Federal constitution.
Wo view with alarm tho aotlon
of Conservatives, whom wo are In
clined to regard as broad and liberal
men, when they,, to our exclusion and '
in repudiation of our rights, accept an
equal division with the administration
faction and submit that it is most un
reasonable to expect our support when
failing to secure such concessions.
Wo submit that the only honorable
thing for thorn to do, if they mean
justloo, Is to mako a fair tight from
principle in every county in the State
for the rights of all, in which they
would get the support of every honest
man in tho state, regardless of race or
We further submit that we stand
ready to join with any number of the
liberal whits men of the State,-and to
aid them in making' a Constitution
broad enough to' covor tho rights of
ovory majvhowevor rich or poor, and
will only vote exclusively for delegates
ofodrown race and party, when such
members fall or refuse to co-operate.
To the men of our race, we announce
that no legal constitution can be made
with our united opposition. We must
organize to continue to raise tho moans
to prosecute the fight now pending In
the Federal courts for the preservation
of constitutional liberty to a final ter
mination, and to make such a showing
in the approaching eleotlon as will
enable >? N) move Congress to action
Before mal detorminatlon of tho
litigation t. b proposed convention may
be holden and all the wicked plans of
our enemies incorporated Into a new
Constitution, but if wo shall prove to
tho satisfaction of the Federal Su
preme Court that in Its making all the
rights and franchises gra ted us by
the supremo Constitution have been
ignored and trampled under foot of
which wo havo no doubt, through
fraudulent and unconstitutional regis
tration laws, the now Constitution will
amount to nothing, and our enemies
will have their pains for their labors.
We congratulate all lovors of honest
government in t'iis State for the pos
session of at least one judge, In the
person of Chief Justice Welver, whose
judicial ermine remains unsullied, and
grieve to feel that the time will eoon
come when our State will be deprived
of the last of such tribunes.
ORGANIZING FOR A FIGHT.
After remaining in session till.nearly
midnight, tho conference finally ad
journed. They gavo to the press only
the out aud dried, specially prepared
matter desired, and withheld all infor
mation as to the proceedings. There I
was a good deal of talk during the con- ?
ferenoe, but how the members stood on
the adoption of the address is not
The following resolution was adopt
Resolved, That a State exeoutive
committee bo appointed by the chair
i of this conference, consisting of
one'roembor from each county, to direct
and manago the convention campaign
for* the State, oach member of tho
State committee to be authorkted to
appoint one representative for eaoh
precinct to direct tho campaign in his
county. That wo hold ourselves in
readiness to join with the liberal white
men in every county who ask or may
ask out* support, hut if none appea", wo
recommend that a tickot be nominated
by our people and be voted for by them
at the eleotlon for delegates to tho Con
stitutional convention. Bo It further
Kosolvod, That the above raontionod
organization continue the work of or
ganizing clubs, and raising funds for
the prosecution of tho tight for honest
elections now In progress In tho Fed
eral courts, and that this organization
work In harmony with tho Ministerial
Under tho above resolution, tho fol
lowing were appointed :
Abbeville, A P Crawford ; Alken, S
E Smith ; Anderson, T J Harris ; Barn
weU, Thomas Clark ; Beaufort, Samuel
Oreen ; Berkeley, P. Gull lard ; Chester.
Moses Bonson; Chestorfield, H Ij
Shrowebpry ; Colleton, C P Chlsolm ;
Charleston, W .1 Grant; Darlington.
Dr 11 P Daniel; Falrfleld, Samuel
Adams; Florence, S W Williams :
Georgetown. RB Anderson; Greon
vlllo, LF Goldsmith; Hampton, It E
Primus: Horry, T J Cordon ; Kershaw,
A W Powell : Lexington, Jesse Hillor ;
Laurens, P. S Suber; iAnoastor, F It
McCoy; Marlboro, J u Cain} Marion,
W H Collier . Newberry, D T McDan
IoIh; Oraiigeburg, C W Caldwell ;
Rlchlaud, R B Hart; ?'unter. It H
Richardson; Union, W D MoMuban ;
Williamsburg, J S Tbarp; York, T F
Hunt; Spartanburg, H Sims ; Bdge
tleld, J A Daniels ; Clarendon, A Col
Oregar's Famous Regiment Just Be
fore Appomattox?A Ti-lbuie to
Jliiimie Armstrong and A. P. But
Editors Augusta Chronicle.
Of the living heroes of " The Lost
Cause,"*there is no more genial gentle
men than Captain James Armstrong,
of Charleston, the last commander of
the Irish Volunteers, known as Ctm
puny K, in the First South Carolina
Itegimont of McGowan's Brigade.
The Con federate States had in their
service no braver, more loyal or devoted
son. Though battered and bruised?
the result of his valor, he Is still a
magnificent speoimen of that mauhood
of which the once great Army of
Northern Virginia was composed?a
manhood so splendid as to draw from
the historian of the Army of the
Potomuc the tribute: "Who cau
ever forget that one looked upon it V
That array of tattored uniforms and
bright muskets; that body of incom
parable infantry, the Army of Northern
Virgin in, which receiving terrible
blows, did not fall to give the liko:
and while vital in all its parts died
only wnu its annihilation."
Under all circumstances Captain
Armstrong was a model man. The
discipline of the camp, which bore
heavily Upon the untutored soldiers in
the early days of the war, was always
softened by ? the consideration bo
showed for those under him. A grace
ful writer, a fluent speaker, an in
teresting conversationalist, a charm
ing personality, he was a favorite
throughout the regiment with both
officers and men. In contrasting his
heroism ou the battlefield with the
Sgentleness of his bearing towards his
ellow-men, how appropriate seem the
linos of Bayard Taylor :
?'The bravest are the tenderust
The loving are the daring."
In critical moments, as at the battle,
of Hatcher's Hun, the heroic qualities
of the man showed at their best. Tho
terrific coll! son with the Union troops
had thrown the Confederate line into
disorder. The gallant and lamented
Col. C. W. MoCreary had fallen with
a death wound. Captain Armstrong,
with the instinct of the true soldier,
raised his sword and pointed it in the
direction of the enemy. Tho purpose
was to attract tho attention of the
men and It had the effect, for he at
once became the rallying point. The
quiok eye of Captain D. P. Goggans,
of Company B., a regular old war
horse, who, for his daring, now carries
a wooden leg, detected the uovement
and placing himself by the side ot
the Captain, the noble remnant of the
old First Regiment gathered around
tbem and stayed for awhile the
advance of the enemy. The check
was for but a few hours for the Union
lino of battle presented an unbroken
front from tho Appomattox River to
Dinwiddie, and was only awaiting tho
outcome of Sheridan's movement
against Fivo Forks. Upon tho capture
of that important point a general
assault was made extending from the
river to Hatoher's Run, and tho Army
of Northern Virginia, shattered into
fragments, commenced Its memorable
retreat from Petersburg. In just one
week to the day?a lovely Sabbath
morning?In tho peaceful village of
Appomattox, Its marchings and its
fightings came to an end aud it passed
It was near Sutherland's station, on
the Southslde Railroad, that the
writer remembers as tho last time ho
saw Captain Armstrong in the army,
and just after ho had received the
wound which he has borne with
patient fortitude for over thirty yours,
and which will cease its achings ouly
when "life's fitful fever" shall be
over. The Intense sutforlng this
wound at times causes him ; the added
thirty-four years to his age since tho
days of tho first camp near Suffolk,
Virginia; the oares incident to the re
sponsibilities of an exacting oflloe and
the blight of domestic affliction?all
these?have not been sutlicient to dim
tho lustre of his eye, mar the gentle
ness of his manners or dull the
eloquence of his tongt e.
Upon the death of Col. McCroary,
the command of the Regiment devolved
upon Lieutenant Colonel A. P. Butler,
one of the best soldiers In it- ?To
Colonel Butler belongs the distinction
of being the only one of tho original
eleven captains who passed through
the entire war In the service of the
regiment. Six were slain upon tho
Boag of I, at the First Cold Harbor.
Barksdaleof L, at the Second Mantis
11 ask ell, of H, at Gettysburg.
Shooter of B. (afterwards Lieutenant
Colonel), at the Bloody Angle of Spott
Alston of B (afterwards major), at
tbo North Anna.
McCroary of A (afterwards Colonel),
at Hatcher's Run.
Mclutosh oi-D, -becameCaptain of
Artillery, his company having been
cliangcd to that arm of the service.
Walker of B. and Cordero of C
entered other departments of tho
service and McCrady of K (afterwards
Colonel,) disabled from wounds was
forced to retire.
This regiment performed no linpor I
tant service during its career that
Colonel Butler was not at his post,
whether us captain of his old con;puny
G of Bd go fie Id, or the command of the
regiment, and bravely and faithfully
discharged his duty. In the qualities
that go to make up the enduring
soldier?the soldier for whom no hard
ship seemed too great?faithful "in
summer blaze or winter snows"?the
soldier who never loft tne battlefield
wh'le there wc, a man to stand by him,
he was not surpassed in the army.
His last official act was the signing of
the paroles at Appomattox.
B. F. BROWN,
Sergeant Company L, First Regiment,
South Carolina Volunteers, 1861-115.
?The North Carolina Legislature
will be asked to legalizo the- marriage
of a prominent architect of Raleigh
and a half-blood Cheiokee maiden.
Tbo latter is highly educated and ac
complished, was tho official stenogra
pher of the last State Convention.
Her father was a member of the Leg
islature. The North Carolina law
prohibits marriage of a whlto to per
sons of Indian blood to the third
generation and to avoid this they woro
married outside tho State, but now it
Ih discovered that thoy would bo subject
to prosecution if they returned to tho
-*.lohn Weston, 70 years old. of
Sharon Pa., tho other day stooped to
drink from a watering trough and his
foot slipped in the mud. He plunged
head foremost into tho trough, and
his head beoamo so tightly fastened
that he was drowned. In-fore he could
ANDREW JAOKSON'S DUET,.
HK WAN A l>K*l> SHOT AN|>
KILLED MIS \i\TAUON 1ST.
The Fight Was Forced ou Him by a
Famous Marksman?Details of the
Rxtraordluary A flat r.
Henry Austin in Illustrated American.
Andrew Jackson was the representa
tive of the American epoch. When
the history of this country shall be
written by someono who has been
enough of a mun among meu to
be a wise weigher of all kinds of evi
dence and who Is possessed of that im
aginative power which enables a mind
to reincarnate itself ?am id the events
and personalities whose tendency and
purpose it aims to depiot and whoso
meaning and motives it essays to ex
plain, it is probable that Andrew
Jackson and Abraham Lincoln, two
children of thopeoplo, born in poverty,
will bo accounted not ouly the two
most typical Americans, but the larg
est ana noblest figures in our populous
Charles Dickinson was a Nashville
lawyer of some mark in his profession
and in politics, though chiefly as a
pistol shot. He considered himself
the best shot iu tho world. Perhaps
bo was. But the pitcher thut goes to
the well too often, says the proverb,
gets broken at last. Like most Ten
nosseoans of that erratlo era, Diokin
son drank hard at time-, aud In his
cups throw all discretion und decency
to the winds.
Among other unpleasant things it
was reported to Jackson that Dickin
son had alluded to the alleged Irregu
larity or illegality of Jackson's mar
riago with Mrs. Kuohel Hohards,
which was, of course, a sore point with
the General, who loved his excellent
Still Jaokson was not bloodthirsty to
tight Dickinson. To that gentleman's
father-in-law ho Bald :
" I would fain have no quarrel. My
politioal enemies, I believe, are using
this young man as an instrument to
get me out of their way. I do not wish
to fight, but I will, to tho death, if
crowded. Bid him pause in time."
Tho suasions of Dickinson's father
in-law temporarily prevailed, and an
apology followed, but tho smouldering
spark of hostility was fanned into a
Hume soon after.
Some reports of alleged remarks
concerning certain horse racing and
betting transactions caused Dickinson
to repeat his insults, and to say that if
ever such a "cowardly cur" us Jack
son could be whipped or spurred into
a meeting on the " Hold of honor " be
would rid Tennessee and the country
of tho " pestilent poltroon."
Dickinson about this time must have
been meditating an attack of a similar
nature to tho murderous 'onslaught
which tho Hentoii brothers mado on
tho General years after, for he brag
ged that he was going to force a light
Thus it began to bo a public opinion
that a duel must ensue, and Jackson
dually challenged Dickinson, Which
was exactly what the latter had plot
tod, because a challenge gives tho re
ceiver the choice of weapons.
As Dickinson's cavalcade wont along,
stopping no".' and then at roudslde tuv
erns to buit their horses and refresh
themselves, tho hero of tho party gave
numerous exhibitions ol his pistol
skill, hitting half dollars toesed in the
air, aud 'n once place, whore a bit of
string was hanging from a tree, he
shot off the lower half and said with a
savage laugh: "Show that to Gen.
Jackson when he comes along this
Far different was tho temper of tho
other party, the tall, gaunt, slender,
stately soldier, riding in front of his
comrades with his old friend and sec
ond, Gen. Ovortoo. They gave a very
grave, though, of course, u bravo con
bidoratlon to tho mutter. Both knew
Dickinson's wonderful skill. In Tuet,
at thut very hour the Nashville gam
bling fraternity, having wiud of the
coming event that had cast so many
shadows before," were laying heavy
odds on Dickinson.
" You will surely beb.lt, General,"
said Ovorton rather testily.
" Beyond a, reasonable doubt," re
plied Jackson; "but, whut of that? I
shall Wing him, too, novor fear !"
" I've been thinking," said Overtou,
?' that perhaps It would be best for you
to let Iii in Uro first."
"You mean to receive Iiis lire and
reserve mine V"
" Yes, General. If you should try
to tire simultaneously on th&signul ami
he should hit you a second before you
pull tho trigger that might spoil your
aim. Better Tot him fire hastily. You
tako deliberate aim, Your will can
control your pain, even If hit. What
think you ?"
"I think you aro right," slad Jack
son, "and I will do as you say."
That night, at the inn where they
slopped near tho chosen ground, Jack
son ate a hearty supper, smoked his
corncob, aud conducted himself like an
ordinary, genial traveller, the land
lord, however, divining his errand, and
wishing him a safe return.
Remounting early next morning
they found themsolvos compelled to
swim their horses across a ford, as no
ferryman wus visible to convey them.
Into the open heart of the poplar
forest they came, and found Dickinson
with his second, surgoon und frieuds
The usual civilities of polite blood
spilling were duly performed, coins
were tossed tor cholco of position,
which was won by Dickinson's second,
and tho giving of the word, which ho
especially valued, fell to Gen. Overton.
As the sun was yet quite low in tho
cool heavens, position could not have
been counted for muoh In the way of
Jackson's having a sun dn/./lo In his
eyes, which has happened to some
duellist, but. It is easy to understand
that Dickinson's second doubtless
posted his man so that uo tree trunk
should make a special lino behind him
as a guide-post to Jackson's aim. lOlght
paces wero measured off and tho men
?' I am roady," replies Dickinson.
"I am ready," replies Jackson.
Ovorton shoots this word from his
mouth with the old rustic pronuncia
tion coming back to him in hia intonse
excitement, it being a common phe
nomenon that soconds aro not half ho
cool as their principals.
Hardly had the word loft his lips
when a ball left Dickinson's pistol.
Overtoil's keen eyes noted a tiny puff
of dust on tho left breast of Jaokson
and saw the left hand go : lowly to the
breast, but his man stood llrm as one
of the neighboring poplars. Diokln
son recoiled a few stops in amazement
and angry despair.
"Groat God! Bavo I missed tho
scoundrel?" ho ejaculated vlndiotively.
Probably that cry of quonchloss hate
cost him his life. Jackson was tho
kind of man who often suffers from the
temptation to bo magnanimous. But
magnanimity with a Dickinson would
havo been suicidal. Spared, ho-would
have forced another tight, perhaps a
"Hack to the line, sir I" shouted
Gen. Overton, laying his hand on his
pistol. Dlokinson recovered his oour
ago, though not bis color. Dat.-, as
paper, witb haughty, Mash log oycB, be
walked with facilo grace forward .to
the line and stood up to be killed like
Pitifully the torture to his false
pride ana his jarrod nerves was pro
longed by the whim of accident, as"
Jackson's unusually tall figure seemed
to tower over that of Dickinson.
When Jackson raised his pistol
slowly?it having beeu agreed ut the
start that the weapous should be held
dowt ward?tho pistol snapped and
caught at half-cock. To readjust ii
took, of course, another awful moment
full of murder. Then cumo the flush
and the crash.
Dickinson's white face grow still
more ghastly, shauowy, ghostly. He
reeled and fell backward with a
smothered shrlok.' Jackson's bullet
had struck him below the ribs, taking
a downward course.
His friends lilted him tenderly aud
leaned hliu against the flowering
shrub that was glowing with glad life.
Jaokson sunt his surgeon to oil er as
sistance to the other one, but Charles
Dlokinson wus beyoud their skill. He
lingered in frightful ugony for hours,
and e\pi icil before his wife could
reach his sido.
''The slayer wont forth to slay, aud
ho was slain."
Yet Dickinson's aim had been per
fect. He had meant to bit Jackson in
tho heart. He did not, however, real
ize how exceedingly slender was the
General's body, like that of Charles
Sumuer, who in youth was playfully
nicknamed "tho line " by Julia Ward
Howo, because, lie seemed to bo length
without breadth and thickness.
The I0080 frock coat which Jackson
wore increased the error in Dickinson's
ocular calculation by just enough to
savo his life. The ball broke two ribs
and raked the breastbone; a severe
wound, from which ajute pain arouse,
and, as false healing occurred, pursued
Jackson at intervals to his last hour.
When thesurgeou overtook Overton
and Jacksun, about a hundred yards
away, his professional eyo caught a
glimpse of blood on one of tho General's
" My God, General, you are hit."
" Hush," was the haughty answer.
" I believe he has pinked me a little,
but 1 prefer that he should dlo without
the satisfaction of knowing it."
How this reply exemplifies the sav
age temper of the times! Yet Andrew
Jackson was not cruel by nature. On
the contrary, he was like Henry Clay,
tender ovon to tho point that his gray,
iron eyes could oasily molt Into tears.
The character of Jackson, indeed, in
many respects was far above tho
average. Ho gambled like most gen
tlemen, but not devotedly. He was
very fond of horte racing aud not
averse to whiskey, though ho rarely
drank to excess. He was quick to
quarrel, but he never used vllo lan
Like Grunt, even when in his cups,
never a word camo to his lips thut
could came u hlusn on the eheok of a
woman. This purity of language in a
coarse-tonguod time was tho outward
and visiblo sign in his case, though It
is not always of a pure heart. Andrew
Jackson, from earliest boyhood, wa?
thoroughly chasto, and his ideal of
womanhood so high that ho hated to
suspect evil in any of tho sex. In all
the transactions of bis life his word
was butter than a bond.
In this orphan son of a poor Irish
emigrant, with a scanty, pickod-up od
ucution, and brod chiefly in the rough
col logo of the camp, wus a radically
line gentleman. He hud fine manners,
too, especially toward women. Lady
Hamilton was well versed in ICuroponn
courts, after an hour spent in his corn
puny while President, referred to him
as tho finest munnercd man she nod
over mot?tivory "king of courtesy."
To recur in closing to tho final
scenes of this famous duel it is worthy
of note, as a slight set-off and against
tho barbarity of his first roinark about
tho dying Dickinson, that from the
tavern where Jackson rested to have
his wound drossod he sent a bottlo of
tho best wino to his onemy. His own
preparation for tho further pain of the
surgical operation was u draught of
Tho largo majority of Tonncsseeans
condemned this duel to the death, be
cause it wus too real. The fantastic
folly ol lighting for honor and coming
oil' witli a scratch from a sword or a
smell of powder was all right and
proper; it guvo the stroko of grace, tho
accolade of knighthood jto a gentle
man's character ; hut a meeting for
the express and dotormined purpose of
killing, savo where tho honor of a wo
man was tho point, roused the dor
mant senbu of tho community to a tem
porarily intense remembrance of that
briefest and most emphatic Command
ment : ?' Thou shalt do no murder."
THIO lOICHKiAiBKGKll CASK.
A Supreme Cotlt't Decision of IIII
poriancn to Towns ami Cities.
In the case of the City of Greonvillo
against Constublo Eichelberger, the
Supremo Conn has sustained Judge
Watts, who reduced a fine imposed by
Mayor Williams, of Greenville. As
the matter will prove important to
other towns and cities, a summary of
the views oxprussed by the mombers
of the Supreme Court is herowith
Justice Gary in delivering tlto opin
ion of the court says :
" Lot us then consider whether tho
Circuit Judge had the power to modify
the sentence imposed by the Mayor,
i n the charier of the City of Groon
villo, XIXStatute, p. 109, it is provid
ed that'The Mayor and Aldermen of
said city uro hereby severally and res
pectively vosted with all tho powers of
Trial Justices in this State, witbin the
limits of .-inil city, to try and punish
all porsons charged with violation of
the ordinances of said city.'
"Under the case of City Council of
Charleston vs. Brown, 20 S. E. R., 60,
and tho nuthoiities upon which that
case was decided, it clearly appears
that the Mayor exorcised the powors
of a Trial Justice when he tried said
OBSe. Tho extent of tho punishment
which lie had tho power to inflict was
limitod by tho ordinanco aforesaid.
"Section 00, Code of Criminal Pro*
ccdure, provldos that, ' Every person
convicted before a Trial Justice of any
offenso whatever and sentoncod may
appeal from tho sentence to the next
term of tho Court of Gonoral Sessions
for tho county. All appouls from Tl ial
Justices' courts in criminal causes shall
betaken und prosecuted us hereinafter
"Section 71 provides that tho said
appeal shall bo hoard by tho Court of
General Sessions upon tho grounds of
exception mude and upon tho papors
horolnbeforo required, and without tho
examination of witnesses in said court.
And tho said court may olthor confirm
the sentence appealed from, roverso or
modify tho same or grant a now trial,
as tho said court may seem 'moot and
conformable to law.'
" It thus appears that tho statute in
express terms confer** upon tho Circuit
.Itidgo tho power to modify tho Hontenco
appealed from. The only limitation
upon his power is that it must be, 'as
to tho said court may soom moot and
conformable to law.'
'?There Ib certainly nothing in the
'case' showing thut the modification
of tho sentence by the Circuit Judge
did notseem to him ' meet und conform
able to law.'
"It is tho judgment of this court
that tho order appealed from bo con
Justice Pope flies a separuto opinion
giving his reasons us follows for sus
taining Judge Watts:
" After quoting tho section in refer
ence to appeals to the Clreult Court
says: This section shows very plainly
that the Legislature of this State nev
er intended to give such unlimited
powers to thoso officials as would en
able them to impose sentences upon
persous charged before thorn with in
fraction of city ordinuuees out of all
proportion to tho otTenses us mude out
by the testimony; in other words to
olotho thorn with uubrldled discretion
as to their sontoucet*.
" Judgo Watts had all tho testimony
before him and ho but exoroibcd ono
of the rightful powers of his high
office wheu he reduced this sentence.
If the testimony oonviuced him thut
the Mayor(s sentence was excessive,
I agree with Mr. Justice Gary that
the judgment below should ho af
The Chief Justice disscuts to both
views and his reasons are given in part
" Even conceding that tbo Mayor was
acting as a Trial Justice (a matter
whlob may admit or question) and that
in appeals from a Trial Justice, the
Court of Sessions ' may either confirm
tho sentence appealed from, reverse or
modify the same, or grunt a now trial,
as to the said oourt may Bcem meet
and conformable to law,'" yet I do not
think tho language quoted can bo prop
erly construed as conferring a right
ot appeal from tho exercise of mere
discretion by tho Inferior tribunal
within the limits prescribed by law.
Tho well settled rule undoubtedly Is
that there Is no appeal from tho exor
cise of discretion conferred upon the
tribunal from which an appeal is
sought to bo taken. Indeed, 1 do not
sco how the exoreise of discretion
can afford any ground for appeal; for
as is said in tho easy just cited: 1 It
Is bound by no rule excopt tho good
souse und integrity of the party em
powered to exercise it.'
*' 1 must think, therefore, that tho
power conferred by tho statute above
reforred to shot'Id bo construed not as
conferring the power to substitute tho
discretion of the Court of Sessions in
measuring tho amount of punishment
to bo imposed for thut of tho inferior
tribumil from which the nppenl is
taken, but simply u power to modify
tho sentence so as to make it ' conform
able to law :' and as the sentonce ap
pealed from in this caso was already
in conformity to law, thore was no
ground for the appeal to tho Court of
Sessions and tho same should have
A Fit AUL) EXPOSED.
The Story of an Adventurer Who
Lived at the Expense of Others.
James Addison Peavis, who now lies
in the llttlo jail at Santa Be, N. M., do
servos a place among the loading
frauds of the century. This man has
been u soldier, newspaper reporter,
street car driver and adventurer.
Moro than twenty-five years ago ho
claims that he found in a California
mission a girl who was tho heiress
of ono Doralta, a Spanish grandee who
has boon granted by his king immense
tructsof laud in Arizona.
Hoavis married tho girl and wont to
work to have hor claim legalized by
tho government. Ho found records,
wills, grants and various papers in
Spain and Mexico confirming the grant,
and Roscoo Colliding pronounced his
chain of evidence a perfect title, and
with lugorsoll and others took hold of
his ct>se. Failing to have his grant
confirmed by Congress, tho claimant
secured the passage of a law establish
ing tho court of private iand claims,
and in this court lie mot his fate.
Had Peavis succeedod ho would
have secured $70,000,000 worth of min
ing lauds. This plain street car driver
learned Spanish in order to carry out
his schome, and ho morovor became an
expert in old Spanish and in signets,
seals, decorations and Order?. Many
years ago ho went to Now York where
ho obtained largo sums of money to aid
in tho prosecution of his suit. He got
$00,000 from Crocker, of the Southern
Paolfio, and $100,000 in Now York. In
live years he ran up a board bill of
$10,000 at tho HolYman house. Ho
victimized Ed Stokes, his cousin, W.
E. D. Stokes, and many others. No
man ever told a more plausible talc
and his documents were apparently un
Hut the other side engaged able
lawyers and made a stuhlxiru light.
Tho caso dragged along for twenty-live
years. Reavis lived in luxury most
of the time, aud it wus not until a year
and a half ago that bib lawyers suspect
ed him, and tho claimant had to go
to trial without counsel a few days
ago. It was proved that Ills grants
and wills wore forgeries, that Porsalta
never existed, and tho whole thing
was a fraud. The claimant, now a
broken old man, was positive and
defiant to tho last, but tho evidence
against him was so conclusive that his
arrest followed as a matter of course.
Reavis Is described as a vry plain
man of almost childlike eundoi and
simplicity. His wife Is a bright-eyed,
dark faced woman apparently of tho
Spanish typo, but some people think
that she is tin Indian. Her husband
claims that he accidentally discovered
her relationship to the Peraltas. Tho
two will now have to face disgraces and
poverty, but toey havo enjoyed life for
a full quarter of a century at the ex
pense of others.
?Senator Hate, of Tennessee, in an
interview a fow days agojwith a reporter
in Washington, expressed himself on
thusiasticaly over tho outlook for the
friends of silver. " Tho farmers and
mechanics, tho men who toil for a
living," said he, aro almost a unit in
demanding tho free coinage of gold
and silver. 1 havo been throughout
tho Southwest and on the i'aci tic slope,
and everywhoro 1 find the same
popular fooling for free coinage. Tlioro
is not a State in tho South where this
sentiment, if fairly voiced, does not
oropondcrato. Silver is tho great
issue in tho next year's battle, and on a
straight-out, clean-cut platform of 16
to I. the Democratic party will go In
?Secretary Morton's report of tho
d ispo..it ion of the government funds at
his disposal during the past llsctil year
shows that the regular expenditure for
tho Department of Agriculture for tho
lust year aggregated about $1,800.000.
Tho appropriation for the same period
reached $2.500.!>ir>. There will, there
fore, bo refunded to the Treasury about
?Edltor I) B. Cooke, of the Nilos,
Mlph., Mirror, has been a printer
slxty^six ycaiv. Ho is now 80 years
old, but catrstlck type as rapidly us
any compositor in his oil ice.
A Mountain Courtship.
Susan Stobbins wus by nil odds^tlu
best looking girl on Grassy Lick, with
out beiug remarkably beautiful: for
beauty is not u nottoc?bie characteris
tic el mountain women, old or young,
and how sho had over eome to intti ry
Lein Skaggs was a wonder to me, for
Lern was by all odds the homeliest
mau ou the Llok, and liouieline.-s is a
oharaoteristie of mountain men. I
kuov* Lorn quite wull, and had be
friended him on many occasions, oven
loaning him money enough to got
married on, as his oropa were not in
uud ho wub eeuut of funds, and when
thoy had beou married about a month
I asked him ono day how it happened.
He war. a-:,?Ml fellow all ovor. was Lern,
as guilolot-s as a baby aud as honest as
tho suulight, und when I asked my
question he blushed and grinned.
" Sho was took by my good looks,"
"Of eourse, of course," 1 laughed
back: "anybody ought to see that,
but my eyesight is weak. Tell me
what you did to win nor?"
"1 didn't do mithin'. Colonel. 1 j ist
" That won't go, Lemuel. You uro
not tho kind that win that way ; you
must havo made yourself attractive in
some other way.''
" Hope to die, Colonel, of 1 did,"
ho insisted. " I jist wuz ami sho got
" Didn't you court her pretty hard?"
" D,d i ?"' and ho drew a long broath
as of relief at tint thought of its being
ovor. "Weil, I should say 1 did.
Why, I come mighty nigh mortgidgin'
tho farm to git her tilings sho didn't
seem to want when I give 'ein to her.''
" What did you give her ?"
" Everything, Colonel. It got so
bad to'rds tho lust the folks at the
store told me ef I'd lump my dealin's
thoy reckoned they could let mo have
'oin at wholesale prices."
"Sho couldn't stand your liberality,
Lorn. That's what got her."
" Not a bit iiv it." ho contended.
i* All the time I was takln' her al! sorts
uv things, she wuz inukin ? eyes at
every foller that come along, and
sorter ex pectin' me to keep up my end
uV the swingle tree, jist ouzo 1 kinder
seemed to hanker alter doin' it that
" LJut you kept at it?"
" 1 reckon not," he laughed. " A 1
UV a sudden 1 sot in fer Mary D'lnnel,
and give the store folks a res ou
"Then What happened?" I inquired,
with a hope that 1 would now got s ?nie
" lie. laughed a low, gurgling laugh,
sucli as a boy would give vent to When
caught In some of his natural depre
"Well," ho said, "she kinder
swapped ends on t'other fellers, mid
swunfs 'round my way. but I v\ nzn't
givin' a inch, and I did'nt have no
talk with her for mighty nigh two
weeks, and then ono even in' as I whz
passin' her liouso ou my way to Mary's,
and she Snowed it, 1 seen her hang in'
on the gate lookin' out into the lulu re,
er stum-thin' uv that sort that I seen
a picthur uv onc't an ageut wuz sullin.'
" 'Good even',' says I not olforln' to
" 'Good ovenin',' says sho. 'I'ears
to me you're in a powerful hurry."
"Kinder,' says I, slackiu' up some.
'I promised to bo down to Mary's 'bout
"Sho kinder looked down tit the
ground when I told her that, and
Kicked a little rock out of the path
that wuz lu^in'thur, and 1 felt like a
sheop-stoulin' dog for s'iyin' what I
" 'l reckon you'd better be hurry in'
along then, for Mary ain't tho kind
that likes to be kep' waitinY says she.
"'I 'sposo,' says I, 'that you don't
keer of I stop and talk to you fer a
minute, do you ?'
" 'I ain't keer in' what you do,' says
she, kinder sullen.
" 'You loak like you wuz expeotin'
somebody yerself,' says I, feelin' ez ef
I'd like to choke whoever tho feller
" 'That's what,' says she, and 1 folt
more'n ever like uhokin' somebody.
"'Who is it?' says I watchir.' the
streaks uv a laugh 'round her mouth
" 'That's for me to know and you to
nd out,' says she, langhin' right out
"'1 reckon I'll be yoin' on down to
Mary's,' says I, thlnkin1 that I wuzn't
makin' nothln' bangin' 'round Susan.
" 'Mobbe you wouldn't of yon know'd
who wuz com in',' says she, kinder
reach in' over the gate.
" 'Woll, toll me,' snys I, 'and see of
" '1 reckon not,' says she, still a
naggin' me, 'mobbe they wouldn't like
" 'Who's they ?' says I.
" 'She give a little chuckle and 1
come up to tho gate ami rested my
hands on it to one sitle uv her'n.
" 'Pap and mother,' says she.
'They've gone down to the sohoolhouso
to preaohln' and won't bo back toll
" 'Ain't you kinder lonesome waitin'
hyor by yerself, Susan?' says I, half
way tryin' to pull the gate open, but
she held it sbet.'
?? 'I reckon I wuz', says she. ' That's
why I came out and bung on the gate.
It's mighty still like in the house '
"'You reckon yon wuz ?' says I.
"Ain't you now ?' and I chuckled my
self ketch In' her.
" 'P'r'aps I am p'r'aps 1 ain't," she
sniggered, and tossed her head.
?? "1 tried to open the gato, but she
held it shot.
" 'Ef you want me to stay, why don't
you say so?' says L gittin' ugly.
" '1 reokon you kin of you want to,"
says sho, mighty pesky.
'" 'Susan,' say. I, 'what's tho use UV
" 'Poolin' about what ?" says she.
" 'About me and yon,' says I.
" 'I ain't a foolin'.' says she.
" 'You air,' says I, and you know it."
" 'Ef you don't like mo, Lern Skaggs,"
says she, bridlin'up all over, 'you kin
go 'long. I didn't ask you to stop,
"'But I do M'fOVOU, Susan,' hays I.
gittin' skeei?, aud tryin' to pull the
gate open ::o's I could gi'. clos't enough
to her to coax her.
?? '1 reokon you like Mary Einucl a
sight bettor,' says she, Imidin' the gate
" 'I reckon 1 don't,' says 1, and I
could ieol tho gate give a little.
"'You wouldn't talk that a-way ei
I she wuz in hearin* distance,' say she.
" 'Wouldn't 1 ?' says 1, and I heaved
and sot on tho gate, but It didn't move
a peg. 'You iolch her up here
and soo of I Wouldn't,
" 'No, you jist go down that',' says
sho. 'That's whar you started for.'
" 'I didn't do notb n' uv tho sort,' says
1, plttln' dcsprltcr every minute.
" 'You told me you did', 'says sho,
and I could fool tho gato glvo some
und then shot up ag'in.
" 'You ougliter know, Susnn,' says I
serious, ' that 1 wuz jist a fooin', and
I could fool tho gate a-givla' way and
sbottln' and then givin' way ag'in.
"An* you ain't lyln' now, Lern!"
says she, a heap sight softer than any
time in hor life.
i " 'Course I ain't Susan', says I, and
the-gale onmuogeu about six inches.
"'la I ouly thought you wuzn't,
Loffi.) says she, loitio1 the gate slip
way a leet'e IbOi'O every minute.
""You .*now I ain't, t*asau, i_
givin' JJie gate tin' strongest pull
'You fcp'o\ I, and you know kpt..
give a soap, uv my linger for n^'iAT,
<4ul in thosff.pai't.-. anthfcbnf ail ilmtli
I've- m en u'liakcrwi' after you aKfjj
waniin" yon for my wife, hut you kojRfi
foolin' with mo all umug and bustlrt.'
my heart mighty iii?rli, und nmkin' me
want to gooff unu oium a tree down
on mysei^r.^Pou bow it. Susan, you
know it,' and she hit tod her hand* and
the gate swung wide open.
"'What about Mary?' says she.
stand in' thai' before me look In]
swooter'n peaches ami roses.
'?'Ilang Mary,'says I elenn foigiltiu'
?Iiy manners, and I retell out both''
bands fer Susan.
?? 'Oh, Leia " says she, and -wull,
Colonel," he laughed, n's his honest
face reddened beneath its sall'ron hue,
"I reokon you're-old enough to know
" I wouldn't be urprlsed, Lein," I
replied, blushing -ist a shade inysell ;
as a inemony or two came slowly back I
from the rosy past. 1
Ho loooked up smiling.
''And say, Colonel,'' he said, "1
wusn't aiiy purtlor that night than I
"Coniwotf, Lemuel,'' said 1, slapping
him on the bacK, "it was so dark
Susan couldn't seo you."
- i ? # * ^i?^??_*j?
"ONCGKAND, ?WKKT HONG"
Grover Cleveland on the Itliss ol"
Married Lite?1'onder Sentiments
in i'riul lor the Pirat Time.
The tender event just recorded from
Cray Cables has soltoned the strife of
polities that rages about the President _
and his policies, and lifted the par
tisan view for a moment, at least to the
kindlier measure of the Bather and
In his homo life, Air. Cleveland is
always seen at his best and highest,
and the nation has moie thun once>
been moved to admiration for tho
llrm and delicate cousideratimv that
bus hedged his homo with rauotlty,
and prottfttc?; -his young and beauti
ful wife from the garish light of
publicity that is so fond ol heating
about a throue.
But it Is doubtful if a more beauti
ful und inspiring glimpse, into the
reverent and tenner senllim nt which
envelops the hom.lifc of the president
of Ihn United States, lias ever been
enjoyed by auy American than that
which is so beautifully expressed in
the subjoined letter, written in IN'.itJ,
to John Temple Craves, upon the oc
casion of his marriage to Miss Annie
E. Cothran, of Pome.
Mr. Craves had, by reason of public
und private association in his service,
become closely acquainted with Mr.
Clovelaud and enjoyed his friendship
and esteem in a most gratifying
degree. When the wedding euros
were sent from Lome to the OX-presi
de lit, Mr. Graves accompanied them
with a letter in which he paid focllug
tribute to the beauty and tenderness
of the president's own denies tic life,
and the Intluoncu of this hiuli example
upon the domt slie life ol the people.
The answer came promptly back in
tho exquisite letter w hich follows:
Sill Madison Avenue,
December 20th, 1890.
John Tom pie Graves, Esq., Rome, Gn:
My Dear Mr. Graves- vVe received
thu card of invitation to your wedding
a day or two ago ; and I am glad that
yoUl' letter received only !t few hours
ago justifies mo, on behalf of my dear
wife and myself to do more than lor
mully notice the occasion.
Ami IIrat of all, lot nie assure you
how much we appreciate the kind and
tOUCbillg sentiment you convey to Us
in our married state. A. I look hack
upon tho years that have passed since
God ill P Infinite goodness bestowed
upon me ,ne best of all gifts -a loving
and affectionate wife all else, honor,
the opportunity of usefulness ami the
esteem of my fellow countrymen, aro
subordinated in every aspiration of
gratitude ami thankfulness.
You aro not wrong, therefore, when
you claim, iu the utmosphoro of fast
coming bii?s which now surrounds
you, kinship with Ono who can testify
with unreserved tenderness, to the.
santlllcation which tron.es to men when
heaven-directed love leads tho WQ^tO
Since this temler tb,"ino hue made
us kinsmen, let mo wish for you and
the dear one who is to make your lifo
doubly dear to you, all the joy ami hap
piness vouchsafed to man.
You will, I know, feel that our kind
wishes can reach ho greater sincerity
and force than when my wife joins
mein the fervent destro that you and
your bi'ido may enter upon and enjoy
the same felicity which has made our
married life "one. granaVJMf\\et song."
Verv" truly your friend.
Brained in white and gold this letter
has hi en hanging for four years, a
cherished ornament in Mr. (.raves'
study at Manchester, with never a
thought ol giving it to tin- world, lint
the loyally and the tenderness of tho
sentiment it contains Intel grown so
much upon the admiration of the own
er and ol the few friends to whom it
has been exhibited, that it has been
doomed proper and desirable to con
tribute this notable testimony from the
hiebest place in the nation to the
vwxed ami variable issues of the ques
tion : " Is Marriage a Bai lure?" The
beautiful idyl of the White- House,
read between the lines of this exquis
ite letter, must forever remain a lofty
refutation of the heresy embodied In
this oft-repeated question.
A year Ol' so ugo Mr. Craves re
quested of the President permission
to publish tho letter for the sake of its
Influence upon the homo life of tho
people, ami Mr. Cleveland promptly
replied that, although tho wording of
the letter bad passed from his recollec
tion, ho. Would, for this purpose, IrdeTy
commit its use " to the delicacy ami
discretion of bis friend." With this
pormission granted, Mr. Craves has
been induced to share'the contents of
the President's letter with the public,
which can ho expected to pvoVo fully
as appreciative of its admirable tone
as he has been.
A Knoxville, Trim, special sitys
that while workmen were gialing lor
a new street in < I r,., illc thoy toro
down an abandoned hut in the suburbs,
formerly occupied by a family named <
Clayton, in thebasementIhoekoleton
of ? mau was found, with trinkets of
rare value. Tbo < yldenco of the
coroner's inquest showed that tho
remains were those, of George Johnson,
n traveling doctor Irom Cherokee
County, N. C, who mysteriously dis
appeaiod at Greenville oigbt years
ago, after displaying several thousand
dollars. The. Clayton family* disap
peared a few days after tho doctor,
hut nothing was thought of it until this
?Henry M. Stanley says the world's
greatest need just now is a railroad
t IrOUgo Africa from tho Mediter
ranean to the cape.