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ii"no.\ si.ni? iMOit ykau
Stories of the War.
LAMAR UTAH, THE SCOOT.
HE SLLW THE ENEMY BY SCORES,
A Modest Man With a Splendid Racord?
Tha Ue?t Markaman In Either Army En
gaged In the Lat? War.
Following tho poaceful and mono
tonous avocations of a planter and a
man of letters in the secluded hamlot
of Lyon, In Coahoma County, Mibsls
sippl, not far from Memphis, lives the
most destructive and sanguinary "war
rior, slnglo handed, that tho world
over saw, and who in his declining
days, dovoteB himself to tho muses and
from timo to timo contributes to tho
daily and periodical press literary
articles of such fine merit as no one
would credit to a man who carries tho
Bears of sixty-seven bullets und has
slain so many fellow creatures that he
? cannot make even an approximate es
timatoofthe number thereof.
Tho^Hrquiti of Lothian, in his his
tory of Tho war of secession, published
scvoral years ago, being conversant
with many incidents i? tho lifo ol Fon
talncT*says In effect that nono of tho
?iiatorical rjr traditional heroes of the
^jhlvalrio ages, no soldier the world
... 4?as cvon known whose deeds of valor
have come down in story, song or fa
? bio, can hold a place alongside thia
f man In the qualities of bravery, per*
sOverance or devotton to duty ; and the
marquis laments that, the Confederate
Status produced no poet or biographer
capable of embalming tho memory of
this nineteenth eontury warrior.
Stated briefly, Fontaine's record was
this : Ho began as chief of scouts aud
courior for General Stonowall Jackson.
He sorved in the aarao capacity with
Gonorals Stuart and Johnson and
brlolly with Loo. Ho took part In
twonty-sovon pitched battles, tlfty
Bovon sklrmlshos and over a hundred
individual Bkirmishcs in which blood
was shod. Although ho was but a
prlvato in tho ranks ho was once on
trusted with a carto bluncho order on
tho treasury of tho Confederate States.
Ho was known in all branches- of the
Confederate sorvice as the best marks
man with rifle of revolver In either
army. Ho was wounded aixty-aeven
times, and thirteen times his lungs
wero pierced. Fivo times in tho course
of tho war he was reported in tho dis
patches as dead. On two occasions he
was able, with tho aid of mirrors, to
? look into apertures in his flesh and
watch tho boatings of his heart. These
statements might appear fabulous
and altogether Incredulous but for the
fac' that the man is well known by
all ho veterans in these parts, who
fully vouch for all these details and
avor ? further that if Fontaine wero
not so modest his own roeital of his
career would pootn oven more remark
Lamar Fontaine boars In his veins
the besCftdOOd lo tho South. Ho is of
tho stynt-fj.ainily as Senator and Asso
ciate (Justice Lamar, who died a cou
ple of years ago ?uIIo occupying a
seat on the uupreu.o bench.
Tho writer mot Fontaine in Mem
phis this w^ok. Ho hud come up to
attend a gathering of the local Con
federate veterans' post and to road a
Kaper commendatory of tho Southern
attlo uhbeV' project. Ho is actlvo and
sprightlv und scorns good for another
? - <?< V,Vtarier of a century at least, notwith
standing his body is so badly scarred
that scarcely a patch of the original
ekin Is visible. Ho is under the
average stature, wears a jaunty cos
tume, the most conspicuous features of
which are a broad-brimmed hat aod a
Short jacket. Ho talks entertainingly
and evinces unusual erudition on all
topics of up-to-dato interest, but is not
at ull loquacious concerning his per
sonal adventures. Ail efforts to draw
him out along that lino v/oro quite bar
ren of results. However, some extra
ordinary admissions were made in the
course of an extend conversation
Have you any idea of tho numher
of men you havu killed In tho course
of your w ar career V" he was asked.
" ICOUtd inako no estimate. Hut on
One occasion I shot sixty men in sixty
minutes, and the record was kept and
is vouched for by General lt. E. Lee
Fontaine was induced to narrate the
circumstances of this slaughter.
" It occurred at Waterloo bridge,
near Warronton Springs, on the Ivap
pahaunock, in August, 1802," said ho.
"That was about tho first time I over
mot General Lee, though 1 had often
scon him before and know him by
sight. J was then acting as courier
for Genoral Jackson, who, it seems,
had been tolling- General Leo about my
skill with the ritlo. On this day I car
ried despatches to General Leo from
General Jackson. When I had per
formed my dutyGenoral Leo expressed
a desire to seo if what be hod heard
about my ability as a inarksm-m was
true. I told him I ..would do my best
to demonstrate it. Over across tho
valley was a ridgo upon which'was
stationed a Federal battery that was
pouring shAT into tho Confederates as
fast asthfpguns eould bo loaded and
discharged. Drawing forth and open
Ig nis watch General Leo ordered
0 to proceed. I began to shoot.
"Iwould say, 'Now I'll shoot No. ,'1
on gun No. 1,' und tho man would drop
at tho orack of my ritlo : 'Now No. 1
on gun 4,' and that man would drop.
And so tho work continued. As fast
as a man on tho oattery fell another
would tako hisplaco. Finally G sneral
lieo closed his watch. ' That will do,'
said lie. 'Sixty men in sixty minutes
is your record.'
On a later occasion when wo mot
General Loo asked mo if my conscience
did not trouble mo.
'"What for ?" said I.
" 'Brcauso of tho pcoplo you have
"Gcnoral,' said I, 'does your con
science trou.bla you when you kill a
" 'Wb'/do you ask that ho replied,
with t?iat peculiar smilo overyhody
/?*"ll?ticod about him.
" 'Because,' I
answered, 'when I en
listed for tho war i made up my mind
that it. was my duty to kill every Fed
era) soldier I could, and J kill Fedoral
soldiers from the name sonse of duty
that you would kill a rattlosnako.' "
Fontalno was asked how ho acqulrod
such tino skill in tho uso of firearms.
"Among tho Indians In Texas," ho
replied. " When I was a srpall boy I
settled with my parents in that Slate
Later I wont to llvu among the Cornau
' chea, and for thirteen yoara I nevor
? v' oaw the face of a white man."
Beyond doubt the most remarkable
fact accomplished by Fontaine from
tho point oi view of tho historian was
the carrying of dispatcher and oaps
into tho city of Vicksburg when that
city was invested by the Fedorals. At
that tirno Memphis was in the hands of
tho enemy, and Fontaine, aotlng as a
spy and undo" disguisb, had boon in
this city for a month or so, picking up
what information ho could for the
benofitof General Joseph F.Johnson,
whohmi his headquarters at Jackson,
Mi??. O'io day there camo a summons
for hi r, to ropoift to Goneral Johnston
at OncO. Simul A|icously the Federals
in thl . city go(IXjowl edge of iFon- I ?
ie'- o .ihd(JH_(iU presence horo. I
a dangerous 1
patched t<> covV.r all tho roads 1?
Southward, to Intercept hl? progress.
But ho avoided tbvin and reported on
tiam (o hits General .-t .Jaokson for or
ders. , , j
Tho ordorsweio that ho wan to carry
dispatcher and 40,000 musket caps
through tho Federal lines and into the
olty of Vloksburg.
The appalling difficulty of this un
dertaking may be judged from the
fact that Viuksburg was beleagued by
75,000 Federals under General Ulysses
8. Grant; all tho approaches to tbat
city wero controlled and guarded by
the Federals, and there was a toward
of $20,000 for the head of Fontaine.
But this courier understood ,the
uses of discretion as well as the neces
sity for valor. He sot out on his
journey. He avoided all thorough
fares. In complete disguise and undor
cover of darkness he passed through
tho federal lines, and was aboiit to
make a run for the Confederate out
posts, when ho found himself in a
clump of brushwood, confronted by a
half dozen soldiers, who appeared to
know who ho was, for on sight thoy
opened Qre on him. Uo rusbed into
their midst, revolver in each hand,
and four of tho onomy fell dead bofore
his unerring aim.. Tho other two tied
and tho spy ran into the city. When
ho presented himself before tbo oillcor
in connnund, it wus found that be had
on his body tho marks of soventeon
bullets. This adventuro Is well au
As to tho numerous "fatalities" In
which Foutalno appeared as the cen
tral figure, somo of them had their
ludieious side. John listen Gookc,
the writer of a very popular scales of
Confederate historical novels, was a
companion of Fontaino's during tho
war and used him, undor various
names, us a character In his novels.
In"Mohun" Foutalno Is sketched In
tho cnaroctor of Night Hawk. In
"Surryof Eagle's Nest" he is given
tho name of Farley. Curiously enough,
tho novelist, in his lust named work,
Htatcs as a historical fact that Fon
tulno was killed at Petersburg, which
proves only that. Fontaine was such a
skillful actor as to deceive his closest
friends In his mortuary rolo.
41 It Is true, though," explained ho
to tho writer, " that at Petersburg I
was wounded In a hot skirmish engage
ment, and being unablo to run away I
simulated a corpse when tho Fedonds
overran tho ground on which 1 lay.
Whon io was loarnod In my company
that I was dead, ono of tho otllcera sent
off at onco for a coffin in which to bury
me. About thotlmo tho coffin arrived
in camp I showed up, too. That in
terfered materially with tho funeral.
But noxt day, In tho course of a general
engagement, the officer who had dis
played such friendliness for mo re
ceived a fatal wound, und tho remains
of tho poor man were sont homo in tbo
colli n ho hud ordered for mo."
It was In tho courso of his mission
to Vicksburg that Fontalno was hon
ored with unlimited credit upon tho
treasury of tho Confederacy. It was
In tho shape of an order signed by T.
O. Minis, tho chief quartermaster of
tho war department, and was worded
thus : "Tho Confederate States treas
urer will honor any draft presented
him signed by Lamar Fontaine." Per
haps in all the history of civilized war
faro no such credit and confidence was
ever before reposed in a privato sol
Unp'.raleled as has boon this man's
acooinplifumeuts in deeds of daring,
ho has not failed to win laurels in tho
fairer Holds of literature. Ho is a
regular and popular writer of war
sketches, and a recent burlesque artl
clo on the Vonezueiun controversy in
which ho undertook to express tho pa
triotism of tho Confederate voooran to
ward the stars and stripes evoked a
half-colurm editorial from Tho London
Times. But as a writer ho is more
widely known by tho poem, " Quiet
Along tho Potomac." While the
credit for his composition has been
claimed by several othors and publicly
accorded to a few, those who uro aware
of Fontaine's claim und tho indisput
able evidence upon which It rests no
longer entertain any doubt about his
good title to tho authorship. Cer
tainly, though, ho is largely self
educated, ho is a master of graceful
English, and his ability to compos?
such u poem is unquestionable.
THE INDEPENDENT VOLUNTEER.
A Brill ant Sketch of a Curious Incident in the
[Tho following sketch has been con
tributed to tho Newborry Herald and
News, and tho author is Capt. D. A.
Dickert, a gallant soldier of tho Third
South Carolina Volunteers. No truer
or braver man woro tho gray than Gus
Dickert, and. ho wields tho pen with
rare facility, as our readers will admit
when they finish this skcetch.]
Capt. Whit. Walker, of Nowberry,
had obtained a commission and guth
ored around him a bund of restless
spirits liko himself, eager and anxious
for any adventure tbat promised " fun,
frolic or fight." They wer?1 now play
ing soldier in earnest on tho ramparts
around Charleston, with tho guns of
grim old Sumter bristling defiance in
their faces. Tho company mils wero
all full, and applications for enrollment
rojected, while tho unceasing olamor
for wur wus wafted over tho land on
every breeze and gaie.
The guns uguinst Sumter had not
yet been fired, the report of which was
to reverberate around tho world ; but
troops wero being onrolled all over tho
State, and individuals, prompted by
motive* only known to tbomsolves,
wero Hooking to Charleston to offer
their services to the cause of secession
and States rights.
While Capt. Walker, with a part of
tho regiment, was encamped on Morris
Island, it wus strictly forbidden to puss
any one over without a passport, and
none of tho troops wore allowed to
visit the mainland, to zealous wore the
authorities in guarding against tho in
trusion of Yankco spies. But ono day,
asthostoamer Champion was unload
ing supplies and munitions of war, a
stranger passed tho guards on tho
gangway and was picked up by tho
sentinels as ho was roaming over tho
island viewing tho fortifications then
undor construction. He was arrested,
and sont to Capt. Walker, the officer of
tho day and virtually commandant of
tho island for tho timo bolng. Tuo
stranger was a flno specimen of physi
cal manhood?tall and straight; black,
piercing eyes; dressed in uniform, the
buttons of which boro othe stamp of
Virginia Stato troops. No information
oould be obtained from him as to his
antecedents or his present purposes,
othor than that be had "come South
to enlist in tho causo of South Caro
lina." Without muob ado, Capt. Wal
ker had him onrolled in his company
and put on duty. While nerving as
private in the company, Neal. for as
such ho gave his namo, had but few
Intimate or porsonal friends, wassllont
and moody, kooping as much apart as
possible from the >ther members of
the command. By some ho wus con
sidered a crank, ' y others a lunatlo,
whilo the most generally accoptod
theory wa* that he was a Northorn
Aftor tho fall of Sumter a part of tbo
troop around Charleston re-enlisted in
tho Confederate service and wero
transferred t> Virginia, Richmond
thon becoming tho. scat of war. Tho
other portion wer? either disbanded
and returned to their homes or elso re
on I h tod in the otaer regiments then
forming throughout the state. In tho
??? anges and confusion incident to the
disbanding of the troops Neal dis
appeared as mystterlouc.y as he had
The war woro/ on. Batt'es were
rought?some weA, eom^ lo-t. Lee
>ad mado his dl?aV>trou? campaign
State in the South, I had never seen or
Heard oOu word from my silent, u>ys
terious cymrafli- of Mnrs Maud, lint
during the memorublo battle that waa
Boon after fought, Kcrsbaw bad boon
ordered to reinforce- with a part of Iiis
command, Cobb and bis bravo Geor
gians, who wore then struggling for
existence behind the Jtone wall that
ran just below and around Mayroe's
Hill, Col. Nance, of the 3d S. C. H ,
was directed to occupy tho crest of the
now noted May roe's Hill, seemingly
the objeotive point for which both ar
mies were contending. As wo wero
rushing down tho road loading to that
point at breakneck speed, the enemy
pouring in a deadly tire of shell and
solid shot, tho bullot9 from tho sharp
shooters on tho housetops falling like
hall in our ranks, a solitary horseman
oamo* dashing up the piko in our di
rection. His horso was white with
foam and apparently ready to fall
from the dosperato strain he hud been
under. As bo came near I discovered
it to be the long lost Noal, dressed in
the uniform of a Confederate major.
" How are yon, Fort Sumtor ?" " Take
care of yourself." And away he goes
as on the " wings of tho wind." I saw
no more of him for a tun ?. All en
quiry for hpm proved unavailing.
"Grim visuged wur" with ita "bris;
tied front" still raged, and in Its wako
ruin and desolation. Early wus in tho
valley, playing hido and senk with
Sheridan. The battle of the 19th Oc
tober had boon fought, and Sheridan
lay h?h lud hia works at Fisher's Hill.
The morning of the 21st, Gordon, with
tho sttalth of tho red man of tho for
est, made tho circuit over the Massa
nutten and fell like an avalanche on
Sheridan's left, while Korshaw, plung
ing tb rough tho Shcnuudoah, assaulted
the battlement on Fisher's Hill. The
attack was so sudden and impetuous
that tho enemy became panic stricken
and lied like a herd of cattle stamped
ed. Men rushing poll mcll from their
tents or their places in the entrench
ments, hatless and shoeless horses
galloping rlderlcbs wildly jvor tho
plains; cannons, uaUons, wagons and
vehicles of all kinds driven like rnad
through the lleoiug throng of panto
Btrlcken troops, trampling under foot
everything that camo in the way,
while tho Confederates, now in pos
session of the enemy's works, were
pouring'a deadly fire in this struggling,
seething mass of humanity. For six
miles the Confederate!!, now almost us
badly disorganised as the enemy, fol
lowed at the heels of tho flying enemy.
Tho wealth and treasures of tho aban
doned camps looked to tho half starv
ed, half clad Confederates as the treas
ures of tho Incus did to the Spanish
soldiers of old ; so throwing aside all
ordor and discipline a great portion
gave thomsolves up to plundering and
foraging, leaving but a corporal's
guard to follow the enemy.
The wave recedes. Sheridan is met
on bis famous ride from Winchester
and equally famous command, " Turn,
boys, turn, wo arc going back." A
j feeble advance is made, and now tho
Confederates aro routed in turn. Arms
uro thrown aside, wagons und artillery
left standing on the pike or tumbled
together in a grand "smash up," can
noneers and teamsters desert their post
and join in with the routed infantry;
all now in ono mad chaco to avoid cap
ture and to place themselves beyond
the protecting waters of the Shonan
doah. All order is discarded, each and
every man struggling to forge ahead
of his fellow-man. Grape and can
nlster rake tho field, while i.ho heavy
tramp of the enemy's cavalry could be
hoard thundering down tho piko. I
was just nearing the hkirt of & thicket
beyond the road, passing over tho dead
and dying that lay iu every direction,
theresultof tho morning fight, when
I heard my name called. " Hello. Fort
Sumtor !" cried Noal, for to my aston
ishment, it was tho voice of my mys
terious friond of years ago. As I noar
ed him he reached out his hand as if
to grasp mino, and said in a faint,
faltering voice, "Good-bye, Fort, Sum
tor, good-by. It is all up with mo at
last." Then pointing to his uniform,
which was that of a Federal officer, be
said : " This looks strange, but it is
all right. Take care of yourself or you
will be lost." Then reclining his head
upon tho doad body of his horse that
(ay mangled at his side ho motioned
mo on. There was no time for ex
planations, and as the heavy tread of
the approaching cavalry told too pluin
ly my danger I followed in tho wake
of our beaten soldiers and left Ncal
"all alone in his glory."
Who or what was he? Was ho n
Confederate, or a Yankee spy 'i O.- was
he booh, or neither ? I will never
know, and leave it to tho conjecture of
the reader as to who was this silent,
mysterious stranger whom I find In
the first ranks of the South and leave
bathed in his own blood, shed by the
hunds of those whom ho first had
sworn to protect and defend.
.SPANISH CRUELTIES IN CUBA.
The Usages of Modern Warfare are Brutally
Disregarded?Non-Cornhatants are Rernor
soiessiy Put to Death.
The following letter has been re
ceived by mail from Cuba at Tampa,
Fla., and is addressed to the American
" If tho government that unhuppily
rules the destinies of this unfortunate
country should bo true to the most
rudimentary principles of justice and
morality, Col. dull, who has been re
cently appointed military governor of
Matun/.as province, should bo in the
galleys among criminals. It is but u
short time since ho was relieved by
Gen. Martinez Campos, of the military
command at Cienfuegos, as ho had not
onco engaged any of tho Insurgent?*
forces, but vented all his ferooious in
stincts against innocent and inotfen
"in Yaguaramas, a small tosvn
near Cienfuegos, be arrested as
suspected spies, Mr. Antonia Morjen,
an honest and hard-working man, and
Mr. Ygnacio Chapi, wbo is well ad
vanced in years and almost blind. Not
being ublo to provo the charge i.gainst
them as they were innocent, ho order
ed Maj. Morono, of the Barcelona
battalion, doing garrison, duty at
Yaguaramas, to kill them witn tho
machete and have them buried itn
modiately. Maj. Marono answorod
that ho was a gentleman who had
come to fight for tho integrity of his
country, and not to commit murder.
This displeased the colonel soroly, but
unfortunately a volunteer sergeant
with six mombois wore willing to
execute tho ordor of the colonol and
Morojon and Chapi woro murdorod
*' Tbo ordor of Jull was exeouted in
tho most cruel manner. It horrifies
to even think of it. Mr. Chapi, who
knew tho ways of Col. Jull, on being
awakonul at 2 o'clock in the morning
and notified by the volunteer chief of
tho guard that ho and Morojon hau to
go out, suspected what was to com
and told nis companion to cry oih foi
help as soon as they would b.j taken
out of tho fort. They did so, but those
who svero to oxecute tho orucr of Ju;J,
woro neither moved or weakened in
their purpose ; on tho contrary at tin
first screams of Chapi and Mori-jori
they threw a lasto over their hcaJh
and pulled at it by the ends. In a w ?
moments they fell to tho ground
ot'oked to death. Thoy were dragged
on the earth without pity to the placo
where they were buried. All this
bloody sceno was witnessed by Jull
from a short distance.
'? Providence has not willed that so
much Iniquity should remain hidden
forever. In tho hurry the grave where
these two innocent men wero buried
was not deep enough and part of the
rope with which they wore choked
remained outside. A neighbor looking
lor a lost cow eaw the rope, took hold
o victims. He wab
terror-stricken and lmm?-dlately gave
notice to th'i Gutrdta Civil und the
judge. iTht'SO authorities *-oon found
out that t:j? tuen bad boeu killed by
ord?r of Co!. Juli, aud therefore pro?
igt* wi " O ^uapendi d.
" Tho neighbors and all civil aad
military authorities know everything
that I a- b ion related huio, but suoh irf
the stale of affaire on this islaud, that
Gen. Weyler has had no objection to
appointing this monster, Col. .lull, mil
itary governor of Matanzas. Suoh
deeds as enumerated ^ru common. The
people of tho town of Matanzas, with
Jull as governor and Arolas at the
head of a column, will suffor the con
sequences of their pernicious and
" That tho readers may know In
part who Gen. Arolas is, I will relate
what has happened in the Mercedes
estate, near Colon. It having come to
his knowledge that a small body of
robols was encamped on the sugar
estate, Mercedes, of Mr. Carrolla, Gen.
Arolas wont t') eugage them, but tho
rebols. who were ?ow In number, re
treated. Much vexed at not being
able to discharge ono shot at them,
he made prisoners of three workmen
who were out In tho fielding herding
tho anlmuls of the oatato, aud with
out any formality of trial shot them.
When the bodies were taken to tho
Central, thoy were recognized, and to
cover hla responsibility somewhat
Gen. Arolas said that when ho chal
lenged them they ran off and at the
11 rat dischargo of musketry they foil
"It seems impossible, that being so
noa?- tbo United States, bo near that
! country so free, cultured and Kenero.ua,
1 innocent peasants can be butohe'red
with impu iity. N.jt oven in Armenia
happens wha> ia boiug witnessed in
I Cuba. Tho history of the Spanish
dominion In this unfortunate island ia
a history of crime."
GEORGE VANDERBILT'S ESTATE.
Biltmore Is a Magnificent Object Losson In
All the world haa hoard nbout tho
splendid estate of George Vanderbilt
at Ashevlllo, N. 0., and most of us
have supposed that Biltuioro was
simply a rich man's fad. Not so.
Morton, Soctrotary of the Agricultural
Department, has been spend iutr a
week seeing what Mr. Vanderbilt ha6
to .show and on hia return to Washing
ton on Saturday he told his colleagues
at the cabinet meeting that there is
nothing in tho world, owned by sover
eign or subjeot, that will compare
with Biltmore, oither as a residence or
as an object lesson in the agricultural
" It is a grand Idea," said Mr. Mor
ton, "that young Mr. Vanderbilt Is
trying to carry out. J,t is unique, and
none but a man of hie enormous wealth
could undertake it. Few kings have
either funds or the good of their peo
ple at heart sufficient to conceive and
carry out what Mr. Vanderbilt has
successfully demonstrated. I do not
know how much money ho has spont
there, nor how much more ho intends
to invest, but it is ono of the grandest
undertakings that individual enter
prise ever attempted, and I understand
that it is tho owner's intention to leave
it as a legacy to the public when he
can no longer enjoy it himself.
"There aro (J5,000 acrea in tho es
tate, and every inch of it may bo said
to bounder scientific cultivation, em
bracing every branch of the vegetable
kingdom. Combined with it ho has
tho most porfoct systora of roadways I
have over pood, and you can drive 100
miles over macadamized pavement
without going otT his estate. As an
exhibition of landscape.gardening It is
without an equal. Frederick Law
Ool mated has charge of that branch of
the work, and tho late Richard M
Hunt was the architect of all the
buildings, which for their several uses,
surpass any that exist on earth.
There are no palaces in Europo that
can equal Mr. Vanderbllt's for ele
gance, comfort and convenience, and
ho is gathering there a collection of
works of art that would mako it fa
mous if it had no other attraction.
His stables, his barn?, his dairies, his
propagating houses, his henneries, and
other features of his establishment are
all on tho same gr*nd scale. He has
undertaken to furnish the highest
possible examplo of the science ot food
culture in every ono of its branches.
Ho has employed the beat mt n ho can
find to take charge of his experiments,
and pays them aularies that are com
mensurate with their pervioes. There
aro Germans and .Frenchmen and
Italians and Englishmen, as well a*
Americans, employed. The foreigners
are usually men of high professional
reputations, who arc attached to unl
ver-iiies in tho old world, and spend
their vacations, three, four or six
months, on Mr. Vanderbllt's estate
looking after their respective depart
mints, While tho work has not yet
been carried far enough to show the
results, the possibilities of usefulness
offered by Mr. Vaodorbilt's enterprise
" I consider hia work there juat as
important to tho agricultural interests
of this couutry us the Department of
Agriculture at Washington. Ho em
ploys more men than I have under my
charge, and I think he is spending
more money every year tht<n Congress
appropriates for this department,
although I do not know hia figures.
Ho has nearly 1,000 on his pay-roll,
and we have, about 700. His men are
promoted for efficiency, according to
tho most practical civil-service rules.
If a man who is employed at a dollar a
day to ahovel dirt shows that he In
capable of something bettor, hia work
and his wages aro both advanced, ami
the- same rule applies to everybody on
tho estato. If thore were nothing else
to bo accomplished, Mr. Vunuerbilt i?,
at least, building up an educational
institution that will furnish scientific
farmers and teachers for tho instruc
tion of the rost of mankind, and I feel
like thanking old Commodore Vander
bilt for having given us a grandson
wl o ha i tho brains and tho ^en^volenoe
to devote his wealth to afford th>! pub
lic such valuablo object lessons in art.
architecture, agriculture, forestry,
viticulture, dairying, road making
and other usolul soionces.
"The people down ther ? talk about
tho enormous amount of money that
Mr. Vanderbilt is invest.ng to gratify
his ta^te and pride, to pr >vido luxuries
for his appetite, and magnificent dis
plays to Hatter his vanity, but the
poor creatures do not co npreheod the
iirst letter in tho alphube' of his ambi
tion. Their vision is not broad enough,
th< ir intelligence is not sulliciont to
gras-) a s'ngle fragment of tho idea he
ib developing, and while they imagine
that hi is all due to solliahncsa, he is a
great benefactor working for them,
la k about the land being worn out
down there In North Carolina. It's
the pe;?ph?. Tho land is all right, if
bruins and energy wore applied to its
?The famous Exchange Hotel at
itit hmond, V.? , for ha fa century the
?endt ZV?U8 of tho most prominent
^ta' bmen in V.rginia and other South
im S'utea. as tho result of an assign
ment, will clo.-to. This ho- elry was
during tho war the stopping pi ico of
tho leading Confederates and C I'dnct
officer*. IK H.-, too. when ho visited
this coun ry in Ifj?O. the I'rin e of
Wales st ipped, and tho gobk-t from
whioh bo drank hla fl''nt mint ju sp It
still ret lined here, P.very Gov "-nor
nominate by th-> Democrat! I Vi
glnia for tbo pant quarter of a < e uirv
had hU headquarto - in this h s<;
Tho propel ty was ownod in part by th
estato of the famous C mfedorate cav
alry ehiuftain. G;?n. Joseph Stuart.
?T o new sol ool law will help the
teach >.i. Sou; ll Carolina. It will
give 1 ...e i nib land belter salaries,
and consequently aetter teachers. ?
Art and Agriculturo.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.?Latest U. S. Gov't Report
?The Piedmont Headlight Bays: I
"Senator TlUman Biiggosjs that we
send delegates to the Chicago conven
tion inBtrueted to bolt if a Wall street
candidate is nominated. If such a
policy bo adopted, it is a waste of tlmo
to hold a Democratic convention, and
for our delegates to go to Chicago.
They would be denied admittance into
the national convention. Again, it
would bo simply doing what wo rebuk
ed Judge Haskeli for in 1890?going
into a party convention and tbon re
fusing to abide by the decision there
rendered. Those who do not lutend to
stick when they get to Chicago should
follow the advico of Rev. P?. H. Held
and keep out of the convention. In
politics, as well as in our business re
lation we must act honestly and fairly
by tboae with whom wo deal."
?The Spartanburg Horald says'
"The many personal and political
friends and admirers of General M. C.
Butler in this part of the Stato will be
dellghtod to kno-v that despite the
fact he gave up his long career in the
service of his State as he begau, a poor
man, he has been able to resume bis
practice with the very best of pros
pects. It in said that his practice
already yiolds as much as the salary
of a Senator, while he has good pro
fiects for developing business Interests
n this State, aldod by Northern
capitalists, which will in the near fu
ture add greatly to bis income. Gen
eral Butler was in public life long
enough to demonstrate his ability, and
to prove himself worthy of confidence
of the business world."
?Prof. William C. A. Hammel, of
the department of physics of tho Mary
land State Normal School, claims to
have secured perfect photographs of
hidden obji ets with tho aid of an or
dinary horsoshoo magnet. Tho re
sults of his experiments, he claims,
are far superior to those attained
through tho use of the cathode rays In
that he secures a perfcot photograph
of tho objects, light and shade in
cluded, instead of tho rough outline as
produced by the X rays process.
?Tho Legislature provided for a
State bank examiner ut a salary of
$1.200, anl there are bund re's of ap
plications for the place already. The
examiner is to bo appointed by a board
'to consist of tho Governor Secretary o'
State, Comptroller General and State
The Mount Lebanon Shakers have
recently perfected an ingenious cure
for dyspepsia. Their Digestive Cor
dial consists of a food already digested
and a digester of foods happily combin
Tho importance of this invention
will bo appreciated when we realize
what a proportion of tho community
are victims of some form of stomach
trouble. Thou lands Of pale, thin peo
ple have littlo inclination to eat, and
what they do eat causes them pain and
Th's Digestive Cordial of tho Shak
ers corrects any stomach derangement
at once. It makes thin people plump.
Every one will bg greatly interested to
read the littlo book which has been
placed in the hands of druggist for free
?Senator Tilltnan has written a
letter to E. H. Harrell, Editor of the
Petersburg, (lud } News in reply to hie
inculries. saying that he is not ashamed
of his recent speech attacking Presi
dent Cleveland, and adding: "f an>
not ostracised by any Senators, though
a few are 60ur in their looks. Many
Senators are moro friendly since the
spoech than before its delivery."
?First farmer's boy: "My fatherV
going to have some men to do thrash
ing at our houso next week." S;oond
farmer's boy: "That's nothing. My
father dees thra*h!n' at our house j
Epilepsy 20 Years.
Cured by Dr. Wiles' Nervine.
A fow years ago, Mr. L. W. Gallahcr, wu
an extensive, successful expert/manu
facturer of lumber products. Attacked with
epllopsy, ho was obliged to give up hisbusl
now, Tho Attacks camo upon lilm most In
opportunely. Onotltno falling from a carri
age, at another down stairs, and often In the
streit. Ouco ho fell down a shaft In the
mill, hisli.JurleB nearly proving fatal. Mr.
Uallauor writes from Milwaukee, Feb. 10, '05
"Thoro aro nono moro mlscrablo than epi
leptics. For 20 years I suffered with epilep
tic) litii, having as high nu fh 'nono night. I
tried any number of physicians, paying to
ono alone, a fco of f.WJ.OO and have dono
little for years but search for something to
help mo, and havo taken all tlio leading
remedies, but received no boneflt. A year ago
my son, Clias. 8. Gallahcr, druggist at 191
Reed Pt., Milwaukee, gavo ino Dr. Miles'
ltoHtoratlvo Norviuo, and I tried It with
gratifying results, llavo had but two fits
slnco I began taking it. I am better now in
every way than I have been in 30 years."
Dr. Miles' Remedies aro sold by druggists
on a positivo guarantee that the first ,>Ottlo
will iHsucfit or prlco refunded. Book on tho
Heart and Noryos, free. Address,
Dr. Miles Medical Co., Elkhart. Infi.
Dr. Miles' Remedies Rostcro Health
Non-Setters and the Greatest
Layers on Earth.
Pure SiNoi.K Conn
IIUOWN LEO HOHN
KU08 tor gal" at 60c.
per petting -HI Eoos.
Kggs by oxpress in
light baskets und
breakiige madu good,
ltcmit by P. O. or express money order or
registered letter. No iKgs shipped 0. ?. 1).
s. 1'. WBLI.8. 501 East MoDoo Av.,
[Mention this papor.j Oieenv ille. S. C.
?"X Ij-WT ?,. Am mmm. i _ _ _ _ j?
The largest piece of ^ood
tobacco ever sold for io cents'
71*^5 cent piece is nearly as
ferJ?& aJ? Vou .get of ofher
LUSD trades for 10 cents
Who is Will Whitener ?
He is our P ^iioiXDlo Hair Cutter and Shaver,
N BENDELL.A HOTEL.
?An old man and his wifo were last
summer sailing on a steamer bttween
Blackpool und the I-dn of Man. As
the s^u was rather rough and the wo
man unaccustomed to balling, s o said
tj her Mi i>t?.i : f.*ObVJuli'u', th.sRhlp
t% irolng downl'* ? W.mI. nevermind,
etid hi r i.u>oat d; "it ibi.*t ourb!"
?"I', is do ute tilling you to lcok
pleasant," i-aid t'e proto^i ui .k r to
the pretty youoe lady, "f? r you cai not
look anything else." Aud his bcl en;e
\W C URB
A New and Complete Treatment, eon t- im .? ???
?UPFOHITORIE?. Capeulos ot Ointn.eut und twu
??'<?< f Ointment. A nover-fallina Cure for Wk"
>f evory nnturo otiil dvuroo. It in >'><?? an operation
? ??Ii the knife or Injocllousof carbollo acid, whl' Ii
iro painful and seldom " aormnkent euro, and ofteu
.luu.llug in death, unnecessary. Why endurr
rhis terrible dUe?as? Wo gunranto? <
boxes to our*/ any ohbo. Yoa only pay fo
?unenls recelYidd. (1 a box. 6 for $3. ?ont by uull
uaronteei Issued by our ntronts.
i&nosc l.lv!?r Pelleis
BLOOD PUHIFIEH. Small, mild and cl> ?? -.>?' tfl
take, onpucUlly adopted for childreu's use. wj Lhikv
GUARANTEES losued only by
he ?reot LTVBB and STOMAOlf I
A $25 COOKING STOVE |
wrrn a complete outfit for
i Only $12.00.|
Delivered to your' railroad depot, all
'? f1eight charges paid, ltoad this dcscrlp
J> tloa carefully. This
[? Move i" No. 8; has four R
?5 16x10 Inch oven ; in huh
'? hi^h; 21x20 Inch top; nice smooth casting.
I have had this stovo made for my tr.ulo,
splendid Cooking 'j
R Inch pot hole*; 21
tire heix . 2\ Inches **
, coin, 2 pot rov? rs, l' skillets, 2 griddles,S **
K baking pans, 3 joints of pipe, 1 elbow, 1 col- JJ
'*f| I filter, 1 scrajior, 1 cako polish, 1 Iron JJ
i cus- JJ
? lar, I liner, 1 lei
> tea kcitlo, 1 h)iiiv.
i miners aud friends la every part of the .
South, for tho -airpoHoof introducing our
pooplo, and to renew our "
Carriages mailed free. Address
L. F. PADGETT,
? ? ? ? **?*"??**? 44
? 840 Broad Street, Augusta, Qa. <j
THE LAUREN'S HAK
H. Y. SIMTSON. L\ D. BAltKHDAM
SIMPSON & HARKS DAL Ii,
Attorneys at Luay,
LAURKNS, KOI.'TH CAROLINA
Special attention given to the. invosti
gation Ot tilies and collection of claim
U. W. HALT.. I.. W. HIM KINS. w. \V. bali
BALL, KIMKINS & BALL,
Attorneys at Law,
Lauhkns, South Carolina.
Will practice in ?11 State und Unite.
State? Court. Special attention give)
J. T. JOHNHON. W. It. RlCrtKl
JOHNSON & 1UCHKY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Ol'PlCK?1 -'hilling's Ooruir, Nor Mi we
Hide of Public Stjiinre.
LAURKNS, - SOUTH CAHOIilNA
W. II. MARTIN,
Attorney at Law,
Laukkns, - 80LITH Carolina.
\\ ? > prneUct) in all Colli I ol 1.1 is S ?
V (.Billion jfivmi to 001 I eel i?n>v.
ATLANTIC COAST LINK.
PASSF.NGF.R DKP A UTMEXT.
Wilminyfor, V. C, March Ist, ISO 6
Charleston and Colunihia and Upper
South Carolina, North Car -
Una, and Athens and
?Charleston_Ar 8 52ptr
... LancB. 7 12
..Siunter. 5 fis
Itimbia. J.v 4 10
12 17pm .I'rosiierity. 8 18
1'.; 82 .Ncwhcrrv. 8 04
1 IT) .Clin Ion'. 2 25
185 .... L* urens .... 2 OU
2 84 _Greenwood_ 121
8?K) .Vbbcville . 12 601
5 10 .VtliC' B, <4a_ 10 Ham
7 45 ..... A11 an 1 a. h 15
6 05pm . ?Winnsboro, 8, C., !<? :ilam
8 2o ..Charlotte, N. C. 8 40
846pm Ar ... Anderson, s, C.Lv 11 ooam
4 21 _(ireccn villc_ Id 80
210 ....Spartan burg_ 1128
JfiSO Henderson ville N.C, l* 28
6 45 ... Asheville. N,C... s 20
and r>,T Siilifi trai.ifi Ik .seen
Charleston and Columbia. 8. C.. and e.arrv
'hrough coach between Charleston ant)
Atlanta. K, M, KM R1180N,
Ass't tlen'l I'liSBen^cr Apt.
.1. 11. K BN LY, T. M. KM Klt8< 'X.
(ien'i Manager. TraiHo Manag? r.
Atlantic Coast Line.
WILMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND AUG(78
TA lt. lt. CONDENSED SCHEDULE. IN
EFFECT JAN. 27, 18H6.
Oolnfr South. No. Uli. No. Rl
Lv Wilmington.*:i:?ipm .
Lv Marion. 0 21 pm .
Ar Florence.. 700pm . .
Lv bioionce.*1W> pm M IS an
ArSnmter. 8 M pin 4 ?.\ an
l.v-''unter. 8;?ipm *i?48nai
ArC'oltiDiliia.10 00 pm H OV irn
No. f? runs throiiKh from Charleston via
Cent ml It. lt., leavillK LanesS.;iS a in, Main,:,a
OOlng North. No. M. 7 No. r,:!.
Lv Columbia.*.~> -:o am *4 W> pio
Ar Sutator. Ui.him 6 43 pui
WO. M) No. 50
Lv Stimtor. 0 40 am V> 47 pro
Af Flore net. 8txiam ii... pn
Lv Floronce. 7:10 am .
Lv Marion. 8 10 am .
Ar Wilmington.HTiOnm .
No. ?.1 runs tbroiiuh to Charleston, S. C, vi
Gi'iitral H. lt., .111 nine ManninK 'I ?\ p. n.
Lancs 7 00 p. m., t-'linrloston 8 18 p. m.
r uns 011 llnrtsvlllc lt. R, leave Hartsvlllt
at 4Os) ft m.arriving Floyds?OO a m. ltetr-11
liiK'o've Floyds 946 P rn, nrri\ I;ik Hartn\
10 lft p m. Daily eveent Sunclav.
I. . .1 "ii South and North Carolina lt. lt.,
leave A Ikins Ii 40 a. in. and 0 30 p. m., i:n .v lng
!>" ?? n in. and ? 00 p. in. Lei inning
leave Lueknow 0 4,"> a m and 4 80 p m, inr vlng
Atkins 8 IM m nnd 6 W p m. Daily < xcop1
Tralnflon Wllmimrtnn, Chadbotirn nnO ('on
way It It leave Chfldhnum II 80 a in. i'i 'ive at
0 finway 145 pm, rcturniiiK icavo Con way at
2 Wp d, arrive Cpadbourn 4 60 p m 'cave
ChadtKiurii ..;u|nn. arrive at Hub at 0 20 1) m,
roturnlng leave llub 8 l/i a ni, arrive Pi ( had
bourn 9 00 am. Dally except Sunday.
JOHN F, DIVINE, Gon'ISupt
J. lt. KKVLY, Gen'l Manavur.
X M. BM^ltSON, TraUiu Muuaget
m 0 pm
7 19 am
t) 45 am
UOT5T ROYAL & WESTERN CAH
l oliiia Railway. " Augusta and
Atlioville Short Lino." J B. Clev land.
!'.?>. < iv. r. Schedule in effect Po') 13tli,
Lv Augusta. 9 40 ant
Arpreenwood.12 10 pm
Andersoi. .. a t<0 pm
Lauren*. 1 16 pm
Greenville.% .. 2 50 pm
Glehn Springe.4 0o pin
Spartan burg. 3 00 pm
Saluda.4 -H cm
Henderaonvillo. .. 5 16 pra
Aaheville.6 4ft pm
I .v Aaheville. 8 20 am
Spartanhurg.11 46 am
Grtenville.11 40 am
Lauren?.... .. 115 pm
Audi-; ? . 9 20 am
('reetiv.i od. * 30 pm
Ar A MgusjH. 5 05 | m
Savannah.0 CO am
4 05 |>m
A 35 pm
6 66 ant
9 35 am
6 U? pm
i.v Greenwood.? 23 pm 2 33 am
Ar Lalcigh . 120 am JJOOn'n
Norfolk. 7 00 am 620 pm
Petrraburi:.8 00 am 5 4'1 pm
Rlohhii "fl .40 am 6 45 pm
T?) ATI! INS, ATLANTA AND POINTS
Ar Greenwood. 2 02 am 124pm
Lv Greenville.ll4oam 4 05 am
Lv Anderson. 9 20 am .
Augusta. 9 40am .... ...
Greenwood.12 48 pm 2 42 pm
Ar Athen?. 303 pm 600pm
A-Atlanta. 4 09 pm 7 45 pm
Close connections at Greenwood for all
points on !S. A. L. and 0. & 0. Kailway, and
it S| artanburg with Southern Railway.
For information relative to.tickets, ra'ea^
ieh< dulea, etc., address
W.J. CHA1?, Gen. Pass. Auen?. \
,. F.Cureton. Agent, C. H. Spei'hts, Gen
Agent. Greenville, 8. C
PIEDMONT AIR L1N8.
Condensed Schedule of Passenger Tratet.
Atlunta, O. T.
King's Ml. .
. Charlotte ...
Dally I [Dolly! D*"?
4 46 p
6 30 1>
? 18 p
7 be p
Ar. Ki. hmond?
Lv. N. Y .. P R R
Lv. Kiohinond .
11 10 p
12 13 a
12 00 a
8 01 a
2 23 a
8 20 p
12 uo a
2 60 a
8 16 a
8 60 a
4 07 a
4 :u a
6 iu a
0 18 a
0 S3 a
7 a.) a
7 32 a
7 68 a
1 30 p
> 60 a
6 3.1 a
10 16 a
10 44 a
11 04 a
11 20 a
11 30 a
11 63 a
12 27 p
12 42 p
1 20 p
2 Hi p
3 22 p
4 10 p
4 80 U
6 00 p
5 28 p
II 26 i
0 00 a
1 ' 26 a
12 63 a
0 40 p
9 4 i |>
3 uo a
6 20 a
Vea IFM Ml
No 37 i No. J9
1'Hiiy I Dally
0 66 p
10 43 p
2 00 a
" charlotte .
" King's Mt...
?? Gallncye. ..
" V, U-Unllislur
?? Mt. Airy.
? Nororosa. ?
Ar. Atlanta, E.T
t.v < ? - ?> '' T
6 TiO a
9 86 a
ti IS n
3 60 a
6 22 a
11 16 a
12 66 p
10 54 p
11 SO p
1 00 a
11 37 a
12 23 p
1 16 p
3 SI p
4 6?, p
8 6.1 p
12 10 a
12 23 a
1.: i>u a
1 60 a
2 X> a
8 eo a
8 60 a
4 41 a
4 btl a
f. IV' a
.S 2v) a
12 20 p
1 BO p
1 0 ' p
8 ?6 p
4 ill p
6 4 ' U
U ?."> p
I t. p
ti IK I
7 10 p
I 13 p
t 3o p
f 07 p
f 42 p
II 30 p
8 37 a
? ,\ .?. in. "i"' p. III. "Al" u(h?u. "X" nigbU
Xos. 3; and 38? Washington and f ouihwetrtora
Vestibule I.lmitod Through Pullman sleepers
between Now York and New Oileai a, via Wash
ington, Atlanta aud Moutgomorv, and also be
tween New York and Memphis, via Washington
Atlauta and ltirinlngham. Dinlne, cars.
Nos. 35 and 30-Unlted States Past Mall. Pull
man tleoping eara between Atlar ta, New Or
leans and Now York.
Nos. 11 and 18. Pullman stooping ear fcetwee?
Richmond, Danville and Grcensbo o.
W. H. GREEN,
Washington, D. O.
Vf. B. RYDER,
9. M CULP,
Washington, IX f\
W. A. TURK,
Qen'l Past. Ag't,
Washington, l>. O.
8. H. HARDWIOK,
Aas'tGoi'l ra.?j. Afi
Oondentod SoheUal? I? Eflfcot
FKOR?ARY 83rd. 189d.
?\r. Nowborr^ ..
Ar. AjnderHon .. 7,
iVr. Groenyille ..,
1-' n t to
ti 1ft Jfc to
8 it v n)
M Vv iiiuiin-itm}...,.
)-V>lton ... .
** Ninety-Six_. _
Cv. T.'ovvljorry. ...........
"id in a m
11 00 a Si
11 23 a ta
12 07j? m
Ar. ?harlealonT..8 oo p
" .... Jonosville .... 14
" ...... Pacolot,."
24oi)'Ar . Bpartanburg.. Lv
m i oj > I jv , Bpartanburg.. Ar
046p Ar ... Ailicvillo.Lv
12 17p! 10 54p
11 46a'10 ftp
11 2Hnil0 25p
8 au?! nflp
"P," p. ni.
Trains IS and 16 enrry aleirnnt P\illrnan
?le<<ping onri bet WOOD Columbia and Aahovtllo,
enrouto daily liotween JaokKinviile artdOinelU'
Trains leave Bpartanburg, A. & C. divinloii,
northbound, 6:18 a. in., 3:2a p. m., 6:1(1 p. jfi.,
(VeRtiiiiilo Liinlttxlt; soutblxiuud 1:00 a. m.,
8:0f> p. m.. 11:87 n. m., (Vestibule limited.)
Trnliis leave Greenville, A. and c. divtiri??,
nortlib(iund,6:2? a. ni., 2:10 p. nr. and 6:80 p. as.,
iVeHtibule<l Liinittyl) j aontnbound,! :60 a. ni.,
:40p. m., 12:2? p. m. (Venttbuled Umltod).
Pullman palaeo almphiK cars <>n Trains 86and
80, 87 and IW, on A. and C. division.
W. H. GRKKN,
Washington, D. 0.
W. A. TURK,
Gon. Pass. Ag't.
J. M. CULP,
Wanhington. I). 0.
8. n. HARDWICK,
Ai t Gon. PajMi Ag't,
Columbia, Laurens an I New
bony R. R.
pm am Stations, pm nm
' M' ?0 ? olumbla .4 au i rift
10 0J i.enphiirt.4 55 ll(28
9 46 .. Inno .4 OK 11 37
!> 27 .. Rnlent inn .5 25 II 4ft
0 10.Whit<- Kock.5 35 11 50
K M. <'hn< lain . . 5 55 12 0'2
8 80....Lltth? Mountain...5 15 12 18
8*i. Shells -8 22 12 18
8 fo. Prosaorlty.? 41 12 2?
1 80. Nowherry.7 os 12 48
7 "/i . Jalnnn .7 35 12 59
<: M ... Qray's Lano_147 1 06
0 4?. Kinard .7 57 1 10
? 35. Goldvlllo .8 10 1 17
0 22 . Dover . S 28 1 2ft
6 15_Clinton s 30 1 so
F. K. SCriUMPKRT,
Agoat as iWjat* isy