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LAURENS. S. C, TUESDAY, APRIL 21, 1896.
THE "LILY WHITE" STATE CONVENTION.
A lltiMAUKABLK GATHERING IN
Democratic} Deserters are Specially
Honored?Pope Assails the Dispen
sary and Reformer?.
'The Bray ton-Melton wing of the
Republicans held their convention in
Columbia on tho 14th inst., and it was
a remarkable gathering in some re
spects. Tho nurabor of nativo whites j
was larger than any similar conven
tion over hold in tho State, and moro
attention was given to homo affairs
than to national issues.
Chairman Molton in opening the con
vention made a few briof remarks as
to tho purposo for which tho conven
tion was called, tho circumstauces un
der which it was called and tho ulti
mate object to be uttained. lie said in
18U4 an issue was mado which threat
ened tho dlsfruuchisomont of more
than one half tho Republicans and
nothing wus dono to stem tho tido by
tho self constituted leadoi's. Tboy
were importuned to act, but did not do
so. They rofused to call the party in
convention in order to devise means
to stop this calamity. Wo then, ho
continued, determined to appeal to the
Republicans to rise up and maintain
their rights. As a result, a conven
tion of representative men was callod.
Out of that grew tho great, reorganized
Republican party of South Carolina.
( Jhoers.) The rosult of all this is that
we havo a convention which tho God
of Republicans never looked upon the
liko in this Stuto before. (Cheers.)
Every precinct in tho Stato is horo
represented. (Cheers.) It is a little
infant, thut has grown into a big,
strong man. it recognizes no.obstacle
to success and wo uro going to suc
ceed. Tho time is soon coming when
in this vory hall will bo moo holding
up tho principles of this greut party.
(Great cheers.) A great cry is going
up in the Stato for us to como and load
tbo people into tho pleasant gardens.
Tillman, in all his might, can't keen
us from attuining our destiny. (Cheers.)
Tbo wholo white pooplo are with us.
But wo must be registered. Stay ut
the registration places all summer if
necessary to get a certificate. (Cheers.)
Mr. C. S. Nettles, white, a lawyer
of Durlington, was suggested for tern
porary chairman and unanimously
eleoted. Re was received with great
cheers, and thanked the convention
for tho distinction and honor conferred ,
on him by being callod on to preeido ,
over this Repuhlican convention whioh ,
will mark a political epoch in the his- ,
of tory South Carolina. In tho languago ?
of his friend, Capt. Melton, this is not j
the resurrection of a corpse, but tho
development and growth of an off
spring of the Republican party of tho J
United States. It Is not basod on proj
udloe or race issues, nor tho polf of '
oHlco and greed for monoy that has j
disgraced the party in South Carolina '
up to tho present time, it is based on .'
the rock-ribbed principles ol Ropubli
canism ; principles which had brought '
prosperity to thll country ; principles, '
which when defeated and permitted '
to languish, have brought tinanciivl j
ruin and distross onjtho wholo country. '
The party stands upon tho foundation 1
principles of the Republican party ; of 1
a liberal construction of tho Fedoral '
constitution, affording scope for in- '
telligent minds to travel in the paths j
of civilization. Its principles are '
devotod to tho protection of American <
industries, shipping and labor, und 1
for that we stand. It Is a happy day 1
in South Carolina when tho party is 1
ablo to show a powerful hand in South '
Carolina. Under it capital will be 1
brought in and will line the banks of |
your canal with factories, and the
hum of the spindle will bo board in '
every town in the State. Tho party 1
has tbo confidence of thoso who bavo J
mouoy to invest, and they will invest
it in this, "tho garden spot of tho I
We stand for protection, not alono j
in protecting American Industries, ?
but in tho broader sense, without re- 1
gard to raco or condition, tho rich or I
poor ; protection in all the rights, the '
son of man is entitled to.
The dologatos wore onrollod and a '
committoo or platform was named,
when Prof. Morris, In a few glowing 1
and complimentary remarks, put in j
nominatio\Dr. Sampson Pope for per- '
manont ctmirman. During his re
murks ho roforrjd to tho Webster con- J
- vention as a " Rump convention" and
tbo present one as a nativo gathering, ?
composed both of whites and blacks to
the manor born.
Mr. E. Brayton seconded the nom
ination and tavored it among otber
reasons, " bocauso tho nomlnoo had
proved himself superior to tho re
straints and traditions that have con
trolled other native sons of Carolina."
Ho looked upon Dr. Pope's course, In
tho past two or threo years, as doing
much to make such a gathering as this
possible. He praised Dr. Popo for his
effort against tho 11 wicked and iniqui
tous registration law." Wo want to
provo to tbo Stato, ho said, that we
want to build up the party on broad
and liberal and victorious principles.
We want to honor Dr. Pope, because
as u member of the dominant faction
ho had soon tho errors of his way and
tho disastrous rosults of it-* enactmont.
Dr. Pope was unanimously elected,
aVid made a spcoch which was written i
out, beoau80 he wanted to weigh bis I
words carefully. Tho speech was ,
liberally cheered throughout, espe
cially whon tho speaker mado any ro
ferenco to Senator Tillman or tho
POPE'S Sl'BKCH IN FULL.
Wo havo assembled hero luobodlenco
to the call of tho State chairman of tho
Republican party of tho State for
tho purposo of electing delegates
to tho national Republican convention
which moots at St. Louis, Missouri.
That convention will select tho stand
ard-boarors of tho party for Presi
dent and Vico President of tho nation.
We havo aleo assembled for the pur
pose of perfecting the organization In
this Stato. Unfortunately the Re
publican party in this Stato is divided
Into two factions?two hostile oamps?
both claiming to spoak for the party.
This being tho case, and as harmony
and union is necessary to accomplish
results, the success of the party In this
State and its assistance in winning the
Presidential eloction,nothing should be
done hero calculated to widen the
breaob, nothing should be said in the
way of harsh oritiolsm of thoso of the
other fact ion. When the national con
vention meets and settles, as it will,
tho differences that now exist, the two
wings must flop together for the com
mon good. Therefore, I trust that
members will be imbued with suoh a
spirit here that, so far as wo are con
cerned, when the verdlot is reached
that this Is the recognized organization,
that those who havo gone away from
us may come back and tako their
places in the ranks of the party with
out any feeling of bitterness.
There are many candidates for the
high position of President, any one of
Whom will he acceptable to tho Re
publican party. The country will be
eafe In any of their hands, whether it
be the favored son of Ohio, the great
apostle of protection, or he who pre*
sides over tho United States House of
Representatives with such marked
ability, or the able Governor of New
York who so recently presided over
the United States Senate tc the satis
faction of all, or the Cbevaller Bayard
of Iowa. All them are Jovers of
liberty, truo to the Constitution of the
United states, and zealous defenders
of ft republican form of government, i
am glad to say that they are not of
that class of designing politicians who
are " waiting for a light in the West."
In South Carolina we need a ehango
of affairs. We have witnessed with j
sorrow and shame a government of tho
people, by the people and for the peo
ple subverted in tho interests of a few
designing men to a condition closo
akin to anarchy and ruin. We have
seen the State, for political purposes,
made to enter into the business of a
liquor dealer ; not only so, but we have
seen liquor forcod upon tho people in
six or seven counties heretofore freo
from it deleterious inlluences. We
have seen constables and spies put
over the people searching their houses
at tho dead hour of night, frightening
women and children, and sometimrs
sneaking in stocking feet upon tho
roofs of tho houses of privato citizens
in the night to poer in their bodrooms.
Yea, more, we have soon ladies' trunks
broken open by these people at the
railroad depots, their clothes thrown
about In tho insane desire of these I
people to find liquor. Worst of all, we
havo seen the Governor of this State,
at that time the candidate for the
United States Senate, give instructions
to Iiis minions to defeat and dofraud
at the election. We have seen man
agers of elections ensconced behind
screens, in utter disregard of the Con
stitution, causing voters to cast their
ballets in tho wrong box, and in some
instances, when cast right, taken thorn
out of tho box and put others in their
places. Wo havo seen managers of
election, whon the poll was known to
be stroDg in favor of the opposition
candidate, absent themselves on the
day of election so that no election was
hold. Wo havo seen tho call for a con
stitutional convention fraudulently
made to carry. Wo havo seen a Gov
ernor and a United State Senator-elect
meet with other men and make a
trade as to representation in the con
stitutional convention and as to qualili- :
eations of voters, to be inserted in tho
constitution, agreoing that " no white
man should bo disfranchised except
for crime," which plainly meant that
all colored men possible should bo dis
franchised. Wo havo seen that con
vention meot and carry this out; and i
wo have seen a constitution formulatod
by It adopted without being referred
back to tho people
Wo have soon tho taxable proporty
if the State increased and yet taxation
Is higher thanubeforo. We have seen (
the moral tono of ttu peonlo lowered .
under all these wrongs. How could it
beotherwi.so? "foras you sow so shall
Wo call on every white man in this
?State, white and black, to come and
holp us rectify thoso wrongs. We call 1
jpon them to stand with us for the 1
?ood of thoso now living and those 1
aeroaftor to come. It is the duty of 1
ivory man who loves liberty and the '
principles of a republican form of gov- 1
srnment to stand together in this fight. '
Lot the cry be a repuolican form of <
?overnmont and as a consequence, 1
bonest elections : protection to Amerl- '
3un Industries and to Amorican labor, *
ind protection to every citizen of every )
right guaranteed by the F?deral con- 1
jtitution. Add to this usound currency, ]
mtllclent in volume to moot tho de- I
mund of trade. There are thousands 1
it whito men In this State, not now 1
in the Republican party, who are will- <
ing to stand upon this platform. Wo | 1
are all willing to stand upon it. Wo 1
need tho help of those whito men. |'
There Is ono thing in tho way of our ! 1
jetting that help; a fear of negro I
lominution. They need not fear it, for I '
Lhe negro is willing, if thj whites will '
vdopt a proper plutforrn of principle, 1
put out a ticket of their very best men, ' :
pledged to reform this government, to 1
nipport tho ticket so put out. Our ' '
Uepublican brothers in Beaufort and ! j
Georgetown havo carried this out since I '
187?. Ooly once did thoy fail. That <
is whon lien Till man wont down there 1 <
and fooled them out of it. (Great and |
long contlnuod cheers.)
ff this is dono, if the white man ac- ' 1
ceptsthis in good faith, tho State will 1
bo redeemed, and peace, prosperity 1
and happiness will sweep over this
land. All that you would claim would
bo tho national Republican ticket and |
tho members of Congress. Now, this:'
is a fair proposition on your part, and
if you make it I believe, that, it will bo 1
accepted in good faith. If it should
no:. I)', then wo must put out a ticket
from Governor to Coroner.
1 have givon you my viow.. upon tho
situation. Tako them for what thoy
are worth. Accept them if you think
them good ; reject thorn if thoy do not
meet you views.
Tho committee on platform mado
tho following report:
We, tho Republicans of South Caro
lina, in convention assembled, reaffirm
our adhoronco to the time-honored
principles of tho national party ; that
is to say:
First. Wo are in favor of moderate
and reasonable protection for home la
bor and home capital, against tho
choaper labor and cheaper capital of
other countries, and of such reciprocal
commercial arrangements with other
countries as may bo necessary to foster
and extend our foreign trado.
Second. We are in favor of main
taining tho presont monetary vi*\l
some satisfactory ratio between ?.io
hard money metals can bo roaehed by
Third. We are in favor of a govern
ment service based on morlt and char
acter and capacity, and not on tho cor
rupt and debasing Jacksonian system
of "'to tho victors bolong the spoils."
But, whilo as Republicans, wo hoartily
endorse tho above principles as highly
important from a national point of
view, what is of vastly more import
ance to us and to all good oltizons here
In South Carolina is to secure fair and
honest elections and to get rid of our
present arbitrary and despotic faction
al State govornmont with all its ac
companying evils. We, therefore
reaffirm our purpose to use every
proper and equitable moans to have
our new constitution set aside, as in
conflict with the constitution and laws
of tho United States. We admit that
it has certain good points In it, notably
Its Improved educational facilities and
its provision against lynching.
But It is tuinted with fraud In its
origin; it is fraudulent in Its eharaeter
and fraudulent In that it was foisted
upon tho State without adoption by a
popular vote. We, thoreforo, hold
.that nolther Congress nor the Federal
courts ought to recognize its validity.
We, also, declare our most omphatio
opposition to tho ontire brood of ini
quities imposed on the Stato by tho
dorilnant faction and pledge the Ro
pulloan party to remove thorn an
rapidly as possibly, if put in position
to do so. We are opposed to the met
ropolitan police in Charleston or else
where, and we pledge its immediate
suspension if given the necessary au
thority. Wo are opposed to tho State
constabulary and pledge its prompt
dissolution. We are opposed to the
dispensary law, and pledge its prompt
repeal, or fundamental modification,
bo as to romovo a stigma of State
traffic in whiskey for the sake of profit.
We are opposed to an incompetent,
partisan and factional judiciary, and
pledge its restoration to respectability,
capacity and non-partlsauehlp as
rapidly as possible. We aro opposed
to tho degradation of our higher
institutions of learning to more po
litical ends, and pledge their restora
tion to their proper and legitimate
duties. Wo are opposed to discrimina
tion against any class on account of re
ligious views. Those wo do not regard
as partisan questions at all, but simply
questions of good govorumont.
Wo, therefore, not only cordially
invite, but appeal to all good citizens,
to whatever party or faction belonging,
Democrats as well as Republicans,
Roformers as well as Conservatives, to
unite with us in securing the over
throw of these and all other iniquities
and in tho restoration of peace and
harmony and good government in our
delegates to st. louis.
The delegate? at large toSt. Louis i
wore elected as follows : L. D. Molton,
E. M. Brayton, G. W. Murray and S.
K.-Smith, two white and two colored.
The alternates aro R. M. Wallace, of
Sumter, A. T. Jennings, of Charleston,
A. M. Dawson, of Greenville, and T.
Daniels, of Florence.
a call on congress.
H. L. Shrewsbury Introduced tho
following, which was adopted:
"Resolved, That a opccial commit
teo bo appointed to prepare a memorial
to tho Congress of tho United States,
praying tho appointment of a commit
tee to investigate tho affairs of South
Carolina as to whether a republican
form of government is of force in this
Stato as required by tho constitution
of tho United States, tho same to bo
forwarded to Hon. Geo. W. M. Murray,
tho Ropublican Congressman of tho
The following committee was ap
pointed by the chair for tho purpose:
11. L. Shrewsbury, L. D. Molton and
C. F. Holmes.
The thanks of the convontion were
returned to Dr. Pope and to the ladies
who had been present daring tho day.
The Comptroller General Decides that
the Former Roll of Pensions Will
The following circular of instructions
lias boon sent out from tho Comptroller
General's ofllco, and will govorn tho
iho county examining boards undor tho
aew pension law :
To tho County Examinirg Board of
The now pension law docs not con
template new applications from thoso
low on tho roll, but only from thoso
10t horetoforo on tho roll, except such
is has been rejected or applications
lisapproved by the Stato Board. As
mch must file now applications, as well
is now applicants. Hoards are oxpect
)d to correct lists of pensions as they
low exist in their counties, erasing
mch as dead, removed, or whose in
5omes have been increased above the
egal limit or for other causes. All
icnsionors, however, now or to bo
placed on the roll must bo placed In
jrade A, B or C ($8, $G, $4 class), as
required by tho now law according to
.he.ii- disabilities. Bosrd can requiro
ir not, as iu thoir judgment will best
issuro tho ends of justice, the old pen
doner to appear before them per
ionally. Now applicants must appear
personally. Wo mail blanks for ap
plicants and for your reports to State
Board. Widows can bo placed only on
,he $4 roll, but should bo roported
loparate from males. Tho only change
n tho law in reference to widows is to
idd those over 150 years of age who
lave no incomo above $100. [t will bo
loticed that A and B classes must not
lave an income above $250, and class
3 abovo $'00. Thus we will have threo
?.lasses of males and one of tho widows.
Wo return all new applications tiled
ander tho old law for such action, ap
proved or disapproved, as in your judg
nent the respective classes may re
quire. Your decision and opinion ox
pressed fully, whether in special form
>r not, will be appreciated by tho Stato
Uoard Information acd suggestions to
the ond that tho appropriation may
be paid only to tho Reserving and tho
>nes mostnoedy as contemplated by tho
law is desired by tho Stato Board.
Comp. Gen , for Stato Board.
CURE FOR HO? CIIOLKRA.
A Columbia Firm Ofl'crs a Remedy
Free To Farmors.
In connection with tho prosont groat
interest in hog raising will you say a
word for us to tho farmors ? Wo have
a prescription that is said to bo an in
fallible euro for hog cholera. If this
bo truo no one can oven estimate tho
amount of money that its use would
save to our people We aro soanxioiiB
to have it thoroughly tested that wo
offer to send enough of tho treatment
for ten casos of cholera to tho first far
mer from each postotflce In South
Carolina, who during tho month of
April, sends to us for it and encloses
ton cents in stamps to pay the cost of
postage. Wo send the medlcino with
out charge, upon tho condition that
tho recipient will adviso us of tho re
sults ho secures from Its use. If tho
omedy will successfully pass the,test of
a trial by a dilTorent man at each post- 1
office in tho State, we think its otficacy
will have beon proved, it has already
been usod by a few of our acquaintances,
and without a 'single failure to
cure, so far as wo havo beon advised.
We aro not satisfied, how over, with a
few trials, but whatever may be the
result, whothor It bo proved to bo in
falliablo or not, wo wish it speedily
and thoroughly tested. Wo can not
doviso any othor plan that will do
this so successfully as the ono we here
Wo trust that you will regard It as
within tho scopoof your paper to bring
this offer to tho attention of your read
ers. H. O. Brick & Co.
Columbia, April 0.
?The Medical Record in its adver
tising pages contains a out of a man
walking the. ropo with an artificial log
That ought to be a satisfactory test of
tho merits of tho limb. It is roported
as an authentlo oase, and Prof. F. E.
Jacoby is tho ropo walker. He lives
at Watorbury, Conn.
?Spartanburg is going to invite the
State Press Association to meet there
next year, and the invitation will in
clude a visit to Glenn Spring?, whore,
?\ banquet will be served.
SO?TH CAROLINA'S CHICAGO EXHIBIT.
A. f LARGE AM) KS VI II SI AS TKJ
,tiKi;TlN(i IN BPARTANBUHG.
Tho Representative Men of the State
Were In Attendance?Governor
l A ims and Senator Walsh Deliver
Spartanuuro, S. C, April 15.?
South Carolina has taken hold of the
Chicago Cotton States Exposition with
a firm grip. She proposes to have the
best exhibit at Chicago, as Chairman
Calvort said from " Tho best Statu In
tho South." Thero is a determined
and vigorous life in tho uiovomt nt to
havo South Carolina properly repre
sented at Chicago. The state, has
of recont years had a mo a remarkable
industrial growth and wants tho groat
West to become moro thoroughly ac
quainted with its resources and indus
trial progress. Carolina vas among
tho first to accept tho invitation to be
represented at Chicago. A delegation
went to Chicago to consult witn the
central committee, and the convention
here to-night was tho result of that
conference, it was the substantial and
popular acceptance of the proposition.
There camo an invitation from tho
business men to hold the first conven
tion in Spartanburg, the centre of the
cotton marufacturing industry in the
South, and Spartanburg, 400 7158 spin
dles, thought it had a right to hold
the first convention in the interest of
a Southern States exposition, and it
has proven to bo a great success.
Commissioner Koche took the matter
in hand, and with the co-operation of
tho railroads, held the most represen
tative business gathot ing in the State
in years. Every interest met here to
co-operate in seeing that the Stalo was
thoroughly represented at Chicago.
Farmers aud mill presidents, bantrers,
editors and merchants camo from all
over tho State to eonsult and get el
GOVERNOR EVANS TALKS.
Tho meeting which was held in the
opera bouse was called to order by
Commissioner Koche who proposed
Mayor Calvort as temporary chairman,
Mr. Calvcrt welcomed tho delegates
and wanted to seo South Carolina have
tho best exnibit from tho State in the
South at Chicago. President Aull tho
State Press Association, aud August.
Kohn, of tho News and Courior stall,
wore olected secretaries. On motion
of Senator Moses, the temporary
organization was made permanent.
Mayor Calvort then introduced Gov.
Evans to tho audience of delegates.
He was well received and spoke at
some length. Governor Evans said
he was hero for work and not talk ; ho
said ho had had some experience with
expositions. (Laughter.) Tho logis- ,
laturo gave him somo trouble about
tho Atlanta money. Thero is, how
ever, be remarked, a tido in State
which if takon at its Hood leads on to ,
success and he was satisticd that the ',
Hood was now hero. Tho South has
tho rosouvcos and advantages and is I
rapidly going to tho front. Tho great
advantages have been partly recog
nized. There was no need to recount (
tho developoment of the South in tho
last few years, but ho believes the 1
time has come whon parties will bo
organized according to geographic 1
linos and not so mueh on principles. '
The South and West must and will 1
unite for mutual protection. In the last ]
ton years tho South has gone rapidly
forward in manufactures. In 185)0 !
thero wore only 300,000 spindles run- !
ning in South Curolioa, while now
thero are in tho State over a million 1
spindles. South Carolina must adver- *
tise herself and blow her horn. There
is no neea for narro miadedacss in
hiding from tho world tho advantages 1
of tho State. Thero should bo no such '
effort. Ho believed tho people of the 1
Piedmont wm-o willing to help adver- 1
tiso cho State. All that is asked is to 1
furnish tho exhibit, Chicago will sup- '
ply tho buildings. The State thought 1
Itself unablo to provide funds for the 1
exhibit. Tho thing to do is to organize '
and furnish the funds for a proper ex
hibit. It can bo done. Tho South j
must advertise her resources and pro- '
ducts, und this is her opportunity. '
Wo met with somo success in tho ap
peals for tho Atlanta Exposition, but
very little was raised outsido of
Charleston. Thero is no reason to
havo such inditToronco again and he 1
did not belicvo that such was the
spirit of this convention ; he hoped for
and expected BUC06SS.
SENATOR WALSH'S ADDRESS.
Ho then introduced Vir. Patrick
Walsh, of Augusta, tho falhor of tho
Chicago Exposition movement, and
praised his work for tho South. Mr.
Walsh was received with applause. He
said ho was full of hopo ano confidonce
of tho South to-day ; ho felt that it was
in the hands of tho men of to-day to
make this South and this people great
er than in any era of tho past; he said
ho had addressed similar conventions
in Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia,
and this was tho largest convention to
Sremote tho exposition yot. hold in the
outh. This exhibits a spirit of enter
prise and independence. Most com
mendablo strides have boon made in
Industrial and substantial lines in re
cent years. Chicago fully recognizes
that tho South is on tho march towards
a greator industrial position, and
wants closer relations with the South
Thon ho roviosvod tho llhoral propo
sition mado by Chlcugo, and explained
that all that was needed was to pre
pare the exhibits. If there is any good
in expositions, tho waros to ho shown
should bo taken to that centro whero
products can bo bought and whore in
vestment is wantod. Tho progross aud
achievomonts of Chicago have been
phonominal eo much so as to command
the notice of evory one. Chicago
claims to have tributary to it a popula
tion of no let-s than thirty millions.
Chauncoy Depew, bo quotod assaying
tho South was tho Eldorado of tho
country. Mr. Walsh then repoatod
somo of tho songs in nraiuo of the
South, and its opportunities. His au
thorities wore from statesmen, editors
and economists. To-day in Alabama
Iron is bolng mado cheapor than ovor
In our history. That State has far
moro possibilities than Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvania to-day bus more capital
In tho coal and iron industries, has
more than $300,000,000, more than tho
wholo South has In tho manufactures
There aro in all the Southern States
tho essentials to mako this a groat and
prosperous land. Manufacturing and
mechanical industries havo put Eng
land at tho head of nations. The first
and great essential for tho enrichment
of any nation aro iron, wood, cotton,
wool and coal, and thoso wo havo all
ovor tho Southorn land in abundant
quantities at a minimum cost. There
is coal enough In Alabama to furnish
tho world for 160 years If there were
never another bushel of coal found, say
Ho took up the essential articles for
prosperity, and said the world had ran
I sacked the world to find *ny place ex
cept the South that can give the cotton
needed (or the world's spindles. The
South has an absolute monopoly of cot
Mr. Walsh took up the economic
questlou of the accumulation of wealth
in the Northeast and the tariff system.
Th is exposition, be said, is the best
opportunity to advertise her products
ever offered, and he would be surprised
If the South did not spontaneously ac
cept the proposition. The Atlanta Ex
fiosltion had done great good, but it is
nsignlfioant compared with an exposi
tion at Chicago. The Atlanta Expo
sition was a marvelous display, but
whon you go to Chicago you take it
to the best city of the country. New
York was a great city, but wo want
competition. The time has come when
the South should Invlto tbo people of
the West to come horo and Invest their
money and sottlo with us. There is
to-day less sectionalism and moro fra
ternity und moro lovo and unity than
at any time since tho war of 1812 closed.
There Is moro interest, there is more
desire to be acquainted with the con
ditions of our country than over before,
and he related some of the ludicrous
opinions regarding tho South. For
oleven years after the war you had u
literal hados here, but when tho people
roso in their manhood thoy ubolished
the Mongrel Government forever and
from that you have prospered. Before
tho war you never invited any ono to
come here. Tho reason of It was u
uonlliot Lotween slavery and free labor.
Now tho time bas come for the utiliza
tion of tho natural resources of tho
South. This convention shows, too,
how you can come together as broth*
ers and consider tho best interests of
This being tho case, there is no reason
why the South should not manufacture
all its cotton. Tbo evidences are all
that the mills are cominy to tho cot
ton. Fifteen years ago Mr. Atkinson
said the South could not compote, with
New England in cotton manufacturing.
Behold the result. Now England man
ufacturers admit they can no longer
compete with the South in coarso cot
It is now a casoof tho survival of the
fittest, and as wo havo distanced the
East in manufacturing coarso goods, so
will wo lead in the finor goods. Iloro
in your own county is a most striking
exemplification. Twenty-two years ago
you had about $110,000 in yarn mills,
and to-day you have over $5,000,000 In
vested, and you pay out here over $10,
000,000 for supplies and labor. You
bavo diversified your industries, and
you havo mado a home market. Ue
went on to admit that South Carolina
leads in cotton spindles. His friend,
Mr. Hemphill, of The News and Cour
ier, had taken him up on his claim
that Georgia led in tho number of cot
ton spindles, but ho was defeated, and 1
the authorities say that Mr. Hemphill
was correct, that South Carolina led
tho South as to the number of spindles.
On substantial and conservative Hues
there is no reason why tho South
should not progress profitably In this
manufacture. There Is no uso to talk !
about overcrowding. Having all tho
advantages, lot tho South make profit.
Lot tho competition go on, and tho
South will not be worsted. God never 1
gave New England anything you havo
not horo in the South. In liJOO South
Carolina was perhaps tho richest State i
in tho Union.
In concluding Senator Walsh stated
that his work for the Chicago Exposi
tion was with him simply a labor of
love. No matter how much we glory in '
the achievements of tho past, wo will
be dead to our advantages if wo do not '
seize upon this opportunity to advance t
the development of tho South. Senator 1
Walsh's splendid speech was loudly ap- 1
plauded. Major J. C. Hemphill then '
offered the following resolutions which 1
were adopted after soino debate :
Resolved, That a committee consist- 1
Ing of ono delegate, from each of tho 1
Congressional districts in tho State bo 1
appointed by the chairman to prepare
a p'.au for the organization of an ex
hibit of tho resources of this State at '
the Souiln ru Stated Exposition in Chi- J
Liago and for raising tho necessary
?mount of money to cover the expenses (
of such Stato exhibit.
Tnat this committee bo Instructed to 1
make its report to this convention at 1
I) o'elock to-morrow morning. On this
iiommlttuo there were appointed J. C. 1
Hemphill. chairman ; A. C. Shaffer, of 1
Waterloo; W. A. Courtenay. of Nowry;
W. B. Smith Whaloy. of Cilobland; A. I
H. White, of York; H. W. Finlayson.
ol Cheraw; W. D Evans, of Bennetts- I
ville; Allamont Moses, of Sumto>.
Mr. Hemphill explained the resolu
tion and said that he wunted South
Carolina to take first honors at Chi- I
cage as she had at Atlanta und it was
unanimously udoptod, utter it was ex
plained that all delegates could return
to their homes by to morrow's trains.
Tho delegates have talked among
themselves ubout tho matter and are
determined to see tbo exhibit made a
SPARTANBURO, April 111.?The eon
vent ion reassembled at 10 o'clock this
morning to hoar tho report of the com*
mittee appointed last night.
By way of profaco to tho report of
the committee, Maj. J. C. Hemphill
stated that tho committee had notdone
all that is desired, hut that tho plans
wore ample for active work. Ho hur
riedly related tbo importance of hav
ing a good ex hi hi t at Chicago and em
phasized tho talk by reference to tho
settlement at Fitzgerald, Ga. Tho peo
ple In tho West were hunting hotter
climate, bettor soil and more profitable
investments and there was no placo
where, these con Id he, better found than
in South Carolina.
Chairman Hemphill, then on behalf
of thocommltteo submitted tho follow
ing plan :
For tho purpose of making a com
plete and representative exhibit of tho
resources of South Carolina at the
Southern States Exposition to be held
in the eity of Chicago, beginning Aug.
16th noxt, this convention provide for
the organization of South Carolina Ex
This company shall consist of the
dologates to this convention and others
to he appointed.
Tho oftlcors of tho company shall be
a president, vico-presldent, commis
sioner and a finance committee to con
sist of threo members ; tho head
quarters of tho company shall bo at tho
Tho prosldent, vlco-prosldont, com
missioner and mombors of tho finance
commlttoo shall constitute tho ox cu
tivo commlttoo, throo of whom shull
make, a quorum.
That this convention doslgnato an
active, progressive man from each
county as county commissioners, who
shall associate with him such porsons
as he shall doom oxpodient to promoto
Trrat tho commissioner bo given
power to fill vacancies occurring and
The urgont necoislty of funds (for
which purpose about ton thousand dol
lars will bo needed) being raised at
once to make a proper representation
of the resources of tho State of South
Carolina, believing as wo do, that it
can be made to lead to South, that the
commissioners be instructed to or
ganize their respective counties with
out delay and report to tho State com
missioner the amounts their counties
will contribute to tho exposition fund
and collect the same and forward as
fast as collected to the chairman of tho
That tho convention invlto tho
active co operation of the manufactur
ing, meuhanical, agricultural and all
other Industrial interests of the State.
The co-operation of tho owners of
arable timber and swamp lands, un
developed water power and mining
properties that they may havo for sale
or lease, is also inviteit towards mak
ing the State exhibit at Cnicago a
Appreciating the very great interest
already manifested by tho railroad
companies of the Stato in promoting
the success of this enterprise, as
evidenced, by the free tran portation
furnishod to tho members of this cou
vontlon, and tho presence of represen
tatives of railroad corporations in this
body?tho convention lnvito a con
ti nuanco of this Interest and such
further aid as they shall be able to
Tho committee recommend further,
that His Excellency, the Governor, he
made president of the company ami
that tbo Hou. WilMam A. Courtenaj
be mudo vice presid-nt and that Mr
E L Roche be commissioner tor the
Slate,, and that these three designate
the finance committee.
The committee further recommend
that the press of tho State he. requested
editorially and otherwise to bring tm.
mattor to the attontiou of the citizen
of tho State, and to urge upon them
the necessity for contributing to the
fund, and the advantugu to be d< rived
from this exposition us well as indivi
duals. Rosoeotfully submitted,
J. C. HEMPHILL, Chairman.
Tbo only proposition to obatigo the
plan was insofar as the president ol
the company was concerned. Bditor N.
G. Gonzales said that while ho hesitat
ed to oppose tho plan in any way, ho
folt that tbo convention itself ought to
select the president, and that the se
lection ought to bo made entirely with
out reference to politics and that tho
appointee should bo selected for busi
ness reasons alono. Ho moved that
tho convention proceed to tho naming
of commissioners from each county, and
tbut thoso commissioners select tbo
officers with a view to their business
capacity. He said he did not make tho
move with any political intention or
because any ouo man was named for
president, but insisted that the conven
tion should soluct a business man for
Mr. Tillinghast, of Hampton, made
tho chief argument against any such
proposition, and said that as a member
of tho political faction opposed to Gov
ernor Evans be would not cast such a
" slur" on tho Governor. Ho said that
tho committee bad with duo considera
tion made the selection, and it would
not do to ignore it. ThoGo"ornor, was,
ho said, an influential otlicial and citi
zen, and could do tho undertaking
more good than an outsidor could, and
that there may bo an omorgency in
which no ono else could help out the
enterprise as was the case in tho At
lanta arrangements. Ho insisted
that no ono had a right to question
another's politics, and that he would
vote against any changing of the com
mittee on what ho deemed purely
Mr. Gonzales, in reply, said that ho
iiutstioned no man's politics, and said
ho would make the same objection to
placing any officer at tho bead of the
movement, what ho wanted was a bus
iness man and a man who could hold
tho peoplo together, rim delegates
themselves, ho urged, should select
Mr. Coffin, of Florence, had announc
ed that tho idea of politics lu tbo At
lanta Exposition organization preju
diced people against it.
Major Boyle, of Charleston, said that
in the name of Charleston and in be
half of Oharlestonians, be hoped tho ,
original report would be adopted with
Governor Evans as president of the
Mr. Bright Williamson, of Darling
ton, said that his county wanted to let
the organization stand as reported.
Mr. Moss, of Orangeburg, said that
he was sorry that a word of politics
had entered tho convention, which
was so thorotigoly business-like, and
he moved to tahte the suggestion of
Mr. Gonzales, and the motion was car
ried hy a ioelsive vote, rho report
was in n adopted as a whole its r< -
ported with the exception of changing
the amount of money ne. dod from
$15 (Kin bo $10.u0d, which Mr. Houiphlll,
* no was in charge of t e report, said
the committee thought would he ample.
The convention then made up the
list of county commissioners as follows :
Alken? H. M. Dibble
Anderson ?l). K Norrie.
Barn well?J, P. Folk.
Heuufort?W. H. Lockwood.
B u'kloy -.). H Morrisson.
Charleston?George H. Tucker.
Chester?R. A. Love.
Chesterfield -R. 1\Gasten.
Clarendon?D. J. Brad ham.
Colletou?B. H. Padgett.
Darlington?W. E. .lames.
Edgefield?George B, Lake.
Fatrtiold?J, E. Conn.
Florence?Smilie A. Gregg.
Georgetown?W. D. Morgan.
Greenville?A. H. D an.
Hampton?W. S. Tillinghast.
Marion?- E. H. Gasquo.
Marlborough?T. B. Gibson.
Newborry -E H. Aull.
Oeonco?L. W. Jordan.
Orangeburg B. H. Moss.
Pickons?J. B. Hoggs.
Richlaud W. McH. Sloan.
Spartanburg?A. H. Twiteholl.
Sumtor?R. L Manning.
Saluda? W. S. Allon.
Union?J. A. Pant.
Williamsburg?F. Barren Gricr.
York?W. H. Mooro.
Senator Moses, of Sumtor. offered
tho following resolutions which wcro
unanimously adopted :
"Rusohod, That tho thanks of this
convention bo and they aro heroby
tenderod to tho citizens of tho city of
Spartanburg for tho cordial welcome
and attention shown to tho delegates
whilo in their midst.
?? Resolved. That tho thanks of this
convention and of tho State of South
Curolinu aro duo to the Hon. Patrick
Walsh for his patriotic action and for
h'a cloquont address dolivered before
"Rosolvod, That tho thanks of this
convention aro tendered to tho rail
roads In tbo Stato In passing tho dolo
gatos to and from this convention."
Tho Battory Park Hotel, tho largest
In Ashevlllo, was damaged by fire
Thur8day morning to tho extent of
$;H),uOO. Tho flames originated in tho
kitchen about 7:30 o'clock. Thoro
wero ovor 200 guests In tho hotol and
all left tho buildlnur quietly. No ono
was hurt. The tiro wu9 confined to
the wing occupied bo the kltohen and
servants' qearters. The flames wero
extinguished by nine o'olook, and at
noon most of tho guests had returned
to their rooms.
GEN. JOHN D. KENNEDY IS DEAD.
A GALLANT SOLDIRIl AM? UEN
'll.r.MAN PASS KS AWAY.
Ho Was Distinguish!.ii ,ls a Patriot,
I^awyer, Statesman and Diplo
Tue Camden correspondent of tho
News and Courier says that the an
nouncement of the death of Gen. John
D. Kennedy, whioh occurred at his
homo in Kirkwood, a suburb of Cam
den, on the morning of t^e 14th inst.,
has cast a gloom of profound sorrow
over that entire commuuity, and will
be received with siucere regret
throughout South Carolina.
Gen. Kennedy wa* at his law oflice
tho day before looking after his law
business until about 5 o'clock in tho
afternoon, when ho went home, appar
ently woll. A few minutes bofore hi*,
death he called Mrs. Kennedy and 'o'd
her that he was feel ing badly He then
got up to take something to try to re
flet/a himself, when ho whs se z d with
appoplexy and died in about ten nun*
Thus a noble lifo is ended. A greal
big heart is ?tilled. Tho bonoui ol
Mother Harth must be open* ? torocolv?
the remains ol a iovi?? friend, ad< vot
ed husband, a kimi father, a useful ami
patriotic citizen. 11 is death will be
r-.itiiy mourned by 60 'res of fricuds
I!)rungiio.it South Carolina.
Gen. Kennedy who the forotnost man
In Korshaw Couuty. lie onjoyod a
good law practice and was ready to
serve tho best Interests of his home
and country, After ins roturu to
Comdon from Shanghai China, In the
full t-i 1889, he devoted his time to the
practice of law, and n< ver aspired to
any public office.
He a gallant soldier and look
*peoial Interest in organizing Camp
Richard Kirkland. United Confederate
Veteraus. The old veterans in Ker
otiaw County loved Gen. Kennedy with
an unwavering devotion, and his hcai'1
always boat in profound lovo for them.
Tho News and Courier ados the fot
fowlng sketch of tho life and services
of Gen. Kennedy, which in tho main is
correct as to dates and incidents:
On wings that aro swifter than the
wind wore Hashed yesterday the sad
tidings of tho sudden death of this dis
tinguished citizen, patriot ann" soldier,
at bis home in Camdon. Only last
Sunday this paper gave to the world
his warm and generous tribute to his
life-long friend and former commander,
Gon. Joseph 14. Kershaw, reviewing
his war record and commending his
example, not in terms of extravagant
eulogy, but in thoso of just and dis
criminating appreciation. Hardly had
their author read the printed record
of oveuts in which ho himself boro no
mean part before tho summons camo
to him, almost as "in the twinkling of
an eye," to "cross ovor the river and
rest under the shado of the troes along"
with his friend and fellow townsman
and all tho great host of thoso who
with him followed tho starry cross of
tho Soutneru Confederacy on many a
hard fought hold until it was folded,
nevermore to be unfurled as a nation's
standard, at Appomattox and Benton
It is a melancholy duty wo owe to
tho memory of such an one to place on
record some brief recital of a career
that has been remarkable in many re
Bpects for its vicibsitudes and tho man
hood with which they were mot. At- '
taining to the years of manhood whon i
tho war drums wore throbbing and
men's hearts responding to tho'r stern
alaruma, a very largo part of General
Kennedy'-, life was passed in lighting
too battles of his country or in assist
ing to guide his State through the i
years of reconstruction that were, if
possible, more trying than the four
years of actual war, demanding
greater wisdom In counsel, more sus- I
talned self-restraint and larger powers
of endurance on the part of an out- t
raged and indignant people. That in i
both these protracted emergencies
no should have carried hnusell brave
ly, unselfishly and with distinction is ?
the sufficient proof that I'e dt surv
the oucomiums of those in whose in
terests ho labored. That in tin: rip
prime of his maturity in- shou tl I a e
been snatched awa.> by "death's n sisi
less hand'" is the suftlci lit reason wh,\
tne SiHt<- slum.ti mourn over what
itoooars to be his "untimely taking
John I) Kennedy w is born in Ci ? -
den, Soulh Carolina, January ."? 1810
Trained at tho local atsadt my, lauy ii
im lining years "> M . L ^lio Mc
CandleK. he entered tho South Caro
lina College at tho early ago ol hi
remaining there until i to full uf i.*>.'>7,
wheu he marrhul M s K ssubetii
Cunningham ami proceeded to Hit
stuoy ol tho law, intending to make
that his profession. Admitted to the
liar i in mediately on reaching his
year, he was at once call) d to ilon Ilia
Uniform :u.n conic to Morris Islund as
captain of the Gaiuil u Light 1 (autry,
itsolf a company of the 2d regiment,
commanded by Col. J. H. Ket'shaw.
This was one of the four companies of
that famous regiment that stepped
forward on tho beach or Morris Island
when their commander called for
volunteers to go to Virginia. From
Richmond tho rjgiment went to Man
assas Junction and participated in tho
first great tight of the war, assisting
largely in retrieving tho fortunes of
tho day and in converting defeat into
an almost uuparalled rout. At tho
reorganization, in 18(>2, whon tho com
mand volunteered " for tho war,"
Kennedy was elected colonel of tho
regiment, its former colonel being
mado brigadier general at ttio same
time. From that timo uutil 1864 I
Kennedy shared in tho fortunes of that
noblo body of soldiery composing the
Army of the Northern Virginia, and
added numerous luurols to his crown
of lame. In tho summer ofthat year,
whon Kershaw succeeded MoLaws as
tho command of the tirst division of
LongStroot's corps, Kennedy was m; <io
brigadier general by promotion, bud
served in lhat capacity to tho close of
hostilities. Soon after his promotion
Longstroot's corps was order to Ten
nessee to reinforce Bragg, and after
Chiekamauga, whoro his brigade
covered itself with glory, when Long*
stroct was ordered to Knoxville, Ken
nedy und his command, at the urgent
request of Governor .Magrath, were
detached from tho rest of tho corps
and camo to South Carolina in tirao to
confront Shorman on his march to tho
soa and oppose his invasion until, after
Averysboro and Ilentonvillc, tho army
of Gon. Johnston, was surrendered at
Greesboro, N. C, in May 18(55.
Gon. Kennedy bore upon his body
tho marks of his country's service.
Six times was ho severely wounded in
battle, and not less than fifteen times
was ho struck by bullets, but he uover
failed to return to tho post of duty 1.1
tho first moment, lie. was able, and his
skill and gallantry wero often made
tho subjects of favorablo mention b;f
bis superior oHlcors.
In December, 1865. ho was elected to
Congress frpm his district, but owing
to tho fact that he eould not take tho
iron-clad oath, he was unable to obtain
' hin teat. ?Lo was a delegate to tho
National I).'incvt at ie Convention which
met at St. Louie in 1870, and a member
of tho Stato oxceutive committee of
the Democratic party tho same year.
Ho was prosont at ovory mooting of
that committee and shared, as a mem
ber of that committee, the trying
ordeal through which the " Wallace
House " passed when it took possession
of the Stato House. In 1878 he was
elected chairman of tho Stato Demo
cratic executive committee and devot
ed his time, his talents and his onor
gies to the promotion of tho interests of
tho people of the Stato. Ho was a mem
ber of the House of Representatives
from Kershaw County in 1878 and
1870, and was olooted Lieutenunt
Governor of tho State in November,
After tho death of his first wife in
1870, Gen. Kennedy married Miss
Harriet Boykin, of Camden, in April,
During Cleveland's first administra
tion Gun. Kennedy was appointed
consul general at Shanghai. China,
In whieb eupneity ho nerved with di**
tlnotion and ability, and sue!: was the
>to< m in which ho mas held hy his
up oin.tiie eolloigu s and by tho
.'tune,,, i tticiitis tiMonselvos 'hat when
I was rumor* d that lie was about to
h displaced by President H"prison
;i mihi earnest endorsement < f^>?tay
Kennedy and request 'or his reteut ion
?vas forwarded to Washington, but tbo
demands of party triumphed over
merit md acceptable service, and
Gun. Kennedy returned to hit home to
resume the practice of his profession,
In whioh ho succeeded beyond his ex
Gen. Kennedy was, physioally, a
splendid specimen of manhood. Of
noble presence, kindly in tnnnner,
gouorous to a fault, an orator of high
order, an advocate of extraordinary
power, a citizen of great public, spirit,
.u d. above all, an earnest, humble,
trusting Christian, in this faith ho
lived and died, having finished his
course, and having fought a good
ri 1.1j.MAN GUTS A. PITCHFORK.
Tho Houtl Carolinian Whh Amazed
nt Denver When Hi I'avoilio Im
plement Was Given Htm.
A dispatch from Denver says : Sena
tor Ben Tillman, of South Carolina, Is
a curiosity in Colorado. His attack
on President Cleveland was extensive
ly circulated in this State, and whou
in Denver this week thousands of poo
plo flocked about him as street urchins
would follow a minstrel parade.
The Senator hold an informal recep
tion at tho Brown palace hotel Friday
ovening, and people of all political an
cestry woro entertained. A newly
formed Tillman club marched up tho
street at a seasonable hour of the
night and Tillman and his guests stood
before tho hotel and received the pro
cession. Members of tho club held
transparencies and pitchforks, and at
a favorable moment F.d. Holder pres
ented tho Senator with a fullsized
pitchfork, tho tines of which are of
silvor tipped with gold.
In speaking of tho national political
outlook, Senator Tillman declared that
tho silvorites would have a slight ma
jority in tho Chicago convention, but
havo llttlo show of accomplishing
much in St. Louis.
" If the goldbugs carry tho Chicago
convention there will be a split," said
he. "And it Is high time for tho Dem
ocrats to split. It is high timo for us to
quit housekeeping with a crow that is
continually stabbing uh in tho back.
By that crowd 1 mean Cloveland and
his followers. They are Democrats
for revenue only."
" I am a Democrat," said ho to May
or McMurray. " But if 1 may be per
mittee to oiler a word of advice to tho
free silver Republicans of Colorado, it
is this: Send Senator Teller to tho
St. Louis convention us chairman of
your State delegation. Send him with
specific instructions to lead his dele
gation from the convention hall tho
moment McKinley or any ot or goid
bug is nominated for president on any
?tlier platform than one demuudiug
? he fr?? coinagi > t i1 v*-i,"
A dlspitoh from A'iohlta, Kansas,
?ays that Senator B i j .min K. Till?
uan. of S u Ii C ro iua, arrived in
Wichita in tin for. noon and v as met
itl the d< pot bj a large number of peo
ple, l'l.e town Is li led with visitors
and Is In gala attire. At 1 o'clock in
tin afternoon Inac rcna tont erected
for the pur peso, Senator Tillman
made a freo silver speech, talking to
one of the. largest audiences that over
gamer d here,
in an int' rvlow Tillman said in an
swer t?? a question i ' If Whitney, of
N w Y it k, I-. in initiated at Chicago, 1
would walk on-, oi ttie convention I if
MorrUon is nominated, I would leol
iike. walkin out, but would wait until
I look upon his record, t do not know
where Morrison stands on she, silver
question, atul I have rot buen anybody
,n n c nt year- W ho doOh."
When a person is losing fi 'sh and
Wasting away there is cause foi alarm
Nothing so worries a physician. Con
sumptives would nover die if they
could regain their usual weight. In
fact theiu would be no consumption if
there were no wasting of tho system.
The cause of this loss of tlcsh is a fail
ure to properly digest the food eaton.
Nine-tenths of ull our diseases dato
hack to some derangement of tho
Toe Shakers Digestivo Cordial will
stop this wasting of the body. It acts
by causing the food we eat to bo di
gested so as to do good, for undigested
food does more harm than good. Tho
Cordial contains food already digested
and is a digester of foods as well.
livery- mother hates to make hor
Children take Castor Oil. Laxol is
sweet Castor OH,
The Legislature at its recent ses
sion passed an Act authorizingSjm
loaning of the sinking fund at4 l-2,per71
cent, on deposits of Stato bonds as se
curity. The Governor, State Treasur
er and Attorney Ccneral woro consti
tuted a special commlttoo of tho Sink
ing fund Commission to mako loans.
The fund on hand amounted to$1 l.'t,000.
At first the banks quurrolod ovor tho
rate of Interest, saying it was too high
and that they could get money chuapor
else Whore. Nevertheless, all of the
funds has beon borrowed at 1 1-2 por
cent, by various banks of tho Stato.
?Tho highest wages paid in lap an
aro superior porcelain artists, who
earn 72 cents por day, and tho lowest
It) cents per day, which is pa d to I a
hring women. Blacksmith get Mi
cents a day; carpentor?, 2d cents! com
positors, 20 cents; dyers. 21. Ordinary
laborers receive 19, while wood saw
\ers earn 2!? cents a day. Factory
latiorors got even loss than thoso
prices. Farm hands receive $1.41 a
?The Spanish officials have arrested
Rjv. A. J. Dias, missionary if tho
Soutlyorn Baptist Convention, and put
him hji jail.