Newspaper Page Text
LAURENS, S. C, TUESDAY, JUNE 9, 1896.
PASSED OVER THE PRESIDENT'S VETO.
THE ItlVISIl AND ill 111 (OK B1VK* IS
A Iii? RIGHT.
A Complete Answer to Cleveland's
Extraordinary Charges?A Strong
Presentation of the Faots.
Tbd report of the committee on
?. rivers and harbors, recommending the
p?esage of the river and harbor bill,
"the objections of the President to
the contrary notwithstanding," was
presented by Mr. Hookor, Republican,
of New York, chairman, and read.
The repot t states that of the 417 items
of appropriations contained in the bill
all excopt twenty-seven are for pro
jects contalaed In bills which have
heretofore become laws, and whioh
have been for years in process of con
struct-on by the government. No new
projects were added to the bill of 1894.
It will thus be seen, the report states,
that the principal work of theoommit
tee ha* bice the investigation and ex
amination of improvements to whioh
CongresB has repeatedly committed
itself. The river and harbor bill of
1890 appropriated $25,000,000 and plae
1 ed certain works under the contract
system, whioh involved the additional
expenditure of $15,000. It appears,
therefore, that by far the greater
number of projects appropriated for in
this bill were also appropriated for in
the bill of 1890 and whioh are not yet
The report explains that the bill
was referred to Gen. Casey, then chief
of the United States engineers, who
reported to President Harrison that
only eight of the items seemed to be
of limited or local benefit. The gross
amount appropriated for these items
was $72,000. Prom this it will be seen,
the report continues, that the larger
part of the projects contained in the
present bill passed tho scrutiny and
received the approval of Gen. Casey
and have gone unchallenged until now.
The bills of 1890 and 1892 were ap
Kroved by President Harrison and the
111 of 1894 was permitted by the pres
ent Exeoutlve to become a law by limi
The committee impeached the Pres
ident's declaration that many of the
objects for which the money is appro
priated are not related to the public
welfare. They assert that tho bill was
carefully prepared after exhaustive
hearings, and that they scrupulously
avoided making appropriations not in
the interest of commerce.
Referring to the President's criti
cism, that not a few of the improve
ments have been so improvidently
planned and prosecuted that after an
unwise expenditure of millions of dol
lars new experiments for their accom
plishment have been entered upon, the
committee says that it has often occur
red, after a project has been adopted
in accordance with certain defined
plans submitted by the engineers, that
the interests of commerce required
that a greater and more effective im
provement than that first contemplat
ed should be made. In such cases it
had long been the custom of Congress
to order from time to time new esti
mates to be made with a view to en
larging the 80opo of these projects. In
making appropriations for these en
larged projects the bill often directed
that the money appropriated should be
expended in accordance with the mod
ifications of the engineers The
committee believe, therefore, that tho
President may have Inferred from the
language so used that the original
plans had been improvident and illad
vised and the money wasted, when the
money expended upon the original
plans was judiciously expended ard
would have been expended even if the
modified plans had been originally
adopted. An Instance of these modifi
cations is found in the case of tho har
bors at Baltimore, Portland, New
York, Wilmington, Delaware, Savan
nah and other plaoes.
A careful re-examlnatlon of the bill
warrants the committee in asserting
that there is no foundation for the
President's statement that the bill
oarries appropriations for work which
private parties have actually agreed
with the government to do in consid
eration of their occupancy of public
Referring to the President's further
criticism that the bill contemplates an
immediate cash expenditure of nearly
$17,000,000, including $3,000,000 carried
in the sundry olvil appropriation bills
fur contract work, the committee as
sert that the President is in error and
that only $12,621,000 are to be expend
ed during the two fiscal years ending
June 30, 1808. The statement is also
mado that the bill does not appropri
ate $02,000,000 for contract work, but
only -$59,016,009. It is also shown that
if all the contracts authorized by the
bill are promptly entered into by the,
Seoretary of War the maximum
amount that oan be expended in any
one year is $10,612,000, and not 20,000,
000 as the President asserts.
Referring to tho President's further
criticism that the appropriations for
the smaller sohemes not covered by
contracts which will fall due two years
hence will not be less than $30,000,000,
the committee say that the next river
and harbor bill will only cover the cost
of prosecuting those smaller works for
the two fiscal years ending In 1900, and
that no additional appropriations for
the smallor ones will be made for the
Passing to the President's accusa
tion of extravagance, the committee
show that the average appropriations
for the past six yoars have been $16.
000,000 a year, while inoludlng the
present bill and the two others for the
remainder of this oentury the total
amount for those six years will only
average $13,000,000 a year. This Is
based partly upon the ground that the
committee's experience with the con
tract system in the past, together with
other Knowledge, Justifies the belief
that the contract work whioh will be
distributed over a period of six years,
and whioh amounts to $59,000,000, will
be completed tor at least 30 per oent.
less than the amount stated, or, in
other words, for $42,000,000.
The report repeatedly emphasizes
the committee's approval of the con
tract system as being less expensive to
the Government, and securing more
prompt and satisfactory results. This
system is tho distinctive feature of the
bill, and tho committee strongly re
commends Its continuation. The re
port adds that no good reason has been
assigued by the President why the
House should recede from, its action
With regard to the moasure.
"It must not be forgotten." the re*
?dort conoludes, "that if this bill should
fall there are hundreds of useful pro
loots of improvements that have been
in process of completion for a number
of years, and against whioh the most
captious critic could urge no objection,
Which would be suspended, whereby
great waste would bo incurred and
t;reat loss sustained. Notwithstand
ing ail that has been said against the
bin your committee assert that If it
should become a law It would yield
?hm?, actual substantial boneflt
far.tiers, the producers, the const
joe rnor jhaet? and the bush
ests of the country, and contribute
largely to it* prosperity."
There was an i<n"?ually largo num
ber of members in their scats, and they
listened to the report with oloee atten
tion and applauded it warmly.
Mr. Hooker stated that, in the opin
ion of the committee, the President's
veto raised every possible objection,
and itwaa the intention of the commit
tee by its report to answer them. He
said that many gontlomon had spoken
to him about discussing the veto, and
if he had consented to give them all
the time asked for it would run over
three or four days. The matter was
one for the House to determine; if it
wanted to engage in debate, well and
good. In order to test the sense of the
House on the question, and without ex
Erossing any opinion as to the desira
illtyof tbo courso indicated, he would
ask the previous question on the mo
tion to pass the bill. (Applause.)
Mr. Dookery, Demoorat, of Missouri,
and several other members were on
their feet demanding recognition. The
former with great vehemence' of man
ner denounced the course of the gen
tleman from New Yor<c (' .-. Hooker),
shouting: "The gentleman agreed
with iino yesterday that there should
be opportunity for debate. It is unjust,
unfair and unmanly to out us off this
Mr. Hooker seemed about to yield to
Mr. Dockery's demand, but many mem
bers interposed with or lea for "the reg
, ular order," and the vote on ordering
the previous question was taken. It
resulted : Yoas 179, nays 60.
Mr. Doekery demanded the yeas and
nays, but could muster only 40 mem
bers to second his demand, not a suffi
cient number, and that announcement
was greeted with derisive cries of tri
umph from friends of the bill. .
The Speaker put the question : "Up
on reconsideration, will the House pass
the bill, the objeotion of the President
to the contrary notwithstanding ?"
Whereupon Mr. Doekery made an
other effort to secure a hearing. So
mildly as to be almost pathetic he in
quired : "Upon the question of passing
a bill over the President's veto there
can be no debate under the course pur
sued by the gentleman in charge."
The Speaker : "When the House of
Representatives has so voted there can
be no debate." (Applause.)
Mr. Doekery : "And it has so voted.
Stifled debate." And he sank into his
seat amidst general laughter.
The vote was then taken on the pas
sage of the bill over the President's
veto, the Constitution requiring that
it should be done by yeas and nays.
There were 220 yeas and 60 nays. More
than two-thirds having voted in the
affirmative, the bill was declared to
The following Democrats voted to
6ass the bill over the President's veto :
iankhead, Berry, Buek, Catchings,
Clark, of Alabama, Cobb, Cooper, of
Florida, Cooper, of Texas, Culberson,
Cummings, Denny, Dinsmore, Ellett,
Elliott, Fitzgerald, Kendall, Kyle, Lat
imer, Lester, Little, McCullooh, Mc
Millin, McRae, Meyer, Money, Ogden,
Owens, Price, Robertson, Sparkman.
Strait, Talbert, Torry, Turner, of
Georgia, Tyler, Underwood, Washing
ton, Williams and Wilson, of South
The negative vote was made up of
the following : Democrats?Allen, of
Mississippi, Bartlott, Bell, Blaok,
Clardy, Cockrell, DeArmond, Dookery,
Erdman, Hall, of Missouri, Harrison,
Hart, Hendrlcks, Jones, Kleberg, Lay
ton, McGulre, McClellan, McDeamond,
Pendleton. Richardson, Sayers, Shaw,
Sorg, Stalltngs, Sulzer, T?te, Tuoker,
of Virginia, and Walsh. Republicans
?Allen, of Utah, Anderson, Andrews,
Baker, of New Hampshire, Brown,
Calderhead, Connolly, Grout, Hager,
Hainer, Hepburn, Deighty, Llnney
Long, McCall, of Tennessee, MoClure,
Melt, wan, Pearson Pitney, Soranton,
Settle, Shafroth, Sherman, Strode,
Tracowell and Updegraff. Populists?
Baker, of Kansas, Boll, of Colorado,
Kern and Skinner. Mr. Stroud, of
North Carolina, was the onlv Populist
who voted for the bill. There were
comparatively so few votes in the neg
ative that it was found impossible to
Kair absent .members in favor of the
A REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE.
Dr. Pope Will Not Run as an Inde
pendent?Thinks His Lifo in Dan?
To the Republicans of South Carolina:
As tho announcement of my oandlda
oy for governor may be misunderstood,
I desire to say that It is subject to the
action of the Republican convention.
If that body should see proper to nom
inate some one else for the position, I
shall bo bound to its action. The posi
tion is not a b<>(i of roses. I have been
informed by the oliiof peace officer of a
county in tbe ftp-country that I will
not be allowed to speak in his county :
that I will be killed if I attempt it.
Red-handed murder is to be added to
the crimes committed by some of the
dominant element. Free speech is to
be stifled at all hazards. No man has
a right to teach Incendiary doctrines.
All men have the right to speak upon
the issues of the day. It is the truth
that hurts and the people of the State
will sooner or later near it and act
upon it. If oalled upon by the conven
tion to do so, I shall in my feeble way
give the people my views without fear
of the result. It is only a question of
time' when a large majority of the
white people In this State will em
brace Republicanism. Tho teachings
of that party are for honest elections
honest government, a sound currency
and for protection to Amerioan indus
tries ana American labor.
For tho information of a certain
county editor, whose name is mention
ed in connection with an important
office, I will say that he need give him
self no uneasiness; that many white
men, yea thousands, as good or better
thao he Is, will vote for me for govern
or, and for the information of another
who classes me as a great officeseeker,
I will say that in 1891 I offered Gon.
Kllorbo and Mr. Tlndal that if they
would join me In going out of the Re
form primary that It would not inure
to my benefit, but to that of General
Ellerbo, but they refused. I would also
remind him that I oould have been
secretary of State had I withdrawn
from the race for governor, and as late
as August of that year. I believe I
could nave been Stato dlspensor?yet
I refused all of the attempts to take me
out of the raoo for governor.
Did this look like I was an office
seeker ? With this said, I shall not
further notice newspaper criticisms of
my course. I would say to the editors
of newspapers, some of whom claim to
be Christians, "Be just and fear not;
let all the ends thou atmest at be thy
country's, thy God's and truths'."
?Mr. W. D. Barnes, a young white
man who lives a few miles east of
Cainden, waschet In^hls neck.Saturday
night by John ,T. Bradloy, a drunko
to man Bradley was oarelessl
filing the pistol and says he di
' it was loaded. Barnes Is n
THE CAMPAIGN AND THE PRIMARY,
STATES EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES
ARRANGES THE .DATES.
Schedule of the Campaign Meetings
?New Rules and Regulations for
The State Democratic exeoutlve
committee held a special meeting on
the 5th inst. to make arrangements
for the campaign meetings and to
provide rules for the government ol
tbo primary. Hon. D. H. Tompkins
was in the ohalr, and Mr. McSweeney
offered a schedule for the campaign,
which he satd had been prepared with
groat care, and whieh was adopted
almost without ohange, as follows:
Manning, Monday, June 22. <
Kingstree, Tuesday, June 23.
Georgetown, Wednesday, Juno 24.
Conway, Friday, Juno 20.
Marlon, Saturday, June 27.
Monok's Corner, Monday, June 29.
Charleston, Tuesday, Juno 30.
Walterboro. Wednesday, July 1.
Beaufort, Thursday, Juiy 2.
Hampton, Friday, July 3.
Sumter, Monday, July 13.
Camden, Tuesday, July 14.
Lancaster, Wednesday, July 15.
Chester. Friday, July 17.
Yorkvlllo, Saturday, July 18.
Chesterfield, Tuesday, July 21.
Bennettsvllle, Wednesday, July 22.
Darlington, Thursday, July 23.
Florence, Friday, July 24.
Barnwell, Motday, July 27.
Aiken, Tuesday, July 28.
Edgefleld, Wednesday, July 29.
Saluda, Saturday, August 1.
Lexington, Monday, August 3.
Winnsboro, Tuesday, August 4.
Columbia, Wednesday, August 5.
Orangoburg, Thursday, August 6.
Nowberry, Friday, August 7.
Laurens, Saturday, August 8.
Union, Monday, August 10.
Spartanburg, Tuesday, August 11.
Greenville. Wednesday, August 12.
Pickens, Thursday, August 13.
Ooonee, Friday, August 14.
Anderson, Monday, August 17.
Abbeville, Wednesday, August 19.
The new rules were then adopted as
The following rules shall govern the
membership of the different subordi
nate Demoeratio clubs of this State,
the qualification of voters at the pri
mary elections held by the party, the
conduot of the primary elections to be
held on the last Tuesday (the 20th day)
of August, A. D. 1800, and the second
nrlmary hold two weeks later, if one
Rule 1. The qualification for mem
bership in any subordinate club of the
Demoeratio party of this State, or for
voting at a Democratic primary, shall
be as follows, viz : The applicant for
membership or voter, shall be 21 years
of ago, or shall become so before the
succeeding general eleotlon, and be a
white Democrat, or a negro who voted
for General Hampton in '1870 and who
has voted the Democratic ticket con
tinuously since. Provided, that no
white man shall be exoluded from par
ticipation In the Demoeratio primary
who shall take the pledge required
by the rulos of the Demoeratio party.
Tho managers of eaoh box at the
primary election shall require every
voter in a Democratic primary elec
tion to take tho following oath and
" I do Bolmonly swear that I am
duly qualified to vote at this oleotlon
according to tho rules of the Demo
cratic party, and that I have not voted
before at this election, and pledgo
myself to support the nominees of the
Rule 2. Every negro applying for
membership in a Democratic club, or
offering to vote in a Democratic pri
mary eleotlon, must produce a written
statement of 10 reputable white mon,
who shall swear that they know of
their own knowledge that the appli
cant, or voter, voted for General Hamp
ton in 1870 and has voted the Demo
cratic tiokot continuously since. Tho
said statement shall be placed in the
ballot box by the managers and return
ed with poll list to tho county chair
man. The managers of election shall
keep a separate list of the names of all
negro voters and return it, wich the
poll list, to the county chairman.
No person shall bo permitted to vote
unless he has been onrolled on a olub
list at least five days before the said
The club lists shall be inspected by
and certified to by tho president and
secretary and turned over to the
managers to be used as the registry
Rule 3. Bach county executivo com
mittoo of the Demooratio party in this
State shall meet on or before the first
Monday in August of each election
year and shall appoint throe managers
for each primary eleotion preclnot In
their respective oountles, who shall
hold tho primary eleotion provided for
under the Demooratio constitution, in
accordance- with the nets of the General
Assembly of this State regulating pri
mary elections, the constitution of the
rules herein set forth. The names of
such managers may be published by
the chairman of each county executive
committee in one of moro county
papor.i at least two weeks boforo the
Rule 4. Eaeh voter In said primary
shall vote but two ballots, on which
shall be printed or written or partly
printed and partly written, the name
or names of the person or persons
voted for by him for eaeh of the offices
to bo filled, together with the name
of the office. The tickets to be voted
shall he in the following form, with
apace.!) to suite the different oountleB :
U. S. Senator.
Seoretary of State.
Adjutant and Inspector General.
State Superintendent of Education.
For Sollotor-Judioal Clrouit.
House of Representatives.
Judge of Probate.
Clerk of tbe Court.
County Superintendent of Eduoatlon.
No vote for House of Representatives
shall be counted unless it contains as
many names as the county Is entitled
Rule 5. The managers of eleotion
shall open the polls at 8 o'clock a. m.
and shall close them at 4 o'olock p. m.
After tabulating the result, the man
agers shall certify the same and forward
the ballot box, poll list and all othor
papers relating to suoh eleotion, by
one of their number or by the execu
tive eommltteeroan to the ohalrman
of the respective Democratic county
executive committee within 48 hours
after tho olose of the polls.
Uulo 0. Tho county Democratlo ox
ecutlvo committee shall assemble at
their respective court houses on tho
morning of the second day of the eleo
tion at or before 12 o'clock m., to tabu
late the returns and declare the result
of the primary, so far as the same re
lates to the members of the General
Assembly and county officers, and shall
forward immediately to the chairman
of the State executive committee at
Columbia, S. G, the result of the elec
tion In their respeotlve counties for
Congressmen and Solicitors.
Rule 7. The protests and contests
for county officers shall be filed within
five days after the eleotion with the
ohalrman of the county executive com
mittee, and of the executive commit
tee shall hear and determine the same.
The State exeoutlve committee shall
hear and deoido protects and contests
as to United States Senators. State
officers, Congressmen and Solicitors,
and ton days shall be allowed for filing
Rule 8. Candidates for tho General
Assembly and for county offioes shall,
ten days previous to the primary elec
tion, file with the ohalrman of the
county executive committee a pledge,
In writing, to abide the result of the
primary and support tho nominees
thereof. Candidates for other offices
shall file suoh pledge with the chair
man of the State Demooratio execu
tive committee on or beforo the 22d of
June. 1896. No vote for any oandidato
who has not complied with this rule
shall be counted.
Rule 0. In the primary elections
herein provided for, a majority of the
votes cast shall be necessary to nomi
nate candidates. A second primary,
when necessary, shall be hold two
weeks after tho first, as is provided for
under tho Constitution of tho party,
and shall be subject to the rules gov
erning tho first primary. At said sec
ond primary, tbe two highest candi
dates alono shall run for any one ofllco,
but if tbero are two or more vacanoies
for any particular office,-.thon doublo
the number of candidates shall run for
the vacancies to bo filled. For in
stance, in a race for sheriff tho two
highest shall run.
Rule 10. In tho event of a tie be
tween two candidates in the second
primary, the county chairman, if it is
a county office, and tho Stato chair
man, if it is a Stute office, for United
States Senator or for Congress, or for
Solicitor, shall order a third primary.
The question of a majority Vote shall
be determined by the number of votes
cast for any particular oil ice and not
by tho whole number of votos cast in
Rule 11. Each county executive com
mittee shall furnish the managers at
c?cb. pio?iuct two ballot boxos, one for
United States SonatutMtogLState offi
cers and the other &i?atr*gres8men,
solicitors and county officors.*"*"""" v
Col. Noal moved that the chairman
of the committee prepare ta address
to tho committees calling on t(hem to
take such steps as would sec'i.,.0 the
registration of every white man \n faq
JOHN PIEKCE'H IAJCK.
A Stone Which Ho Started to Throw
at a Cow Brings His $250,000.
San Francisco Examiner.
John Pieroo is a Tombstone, Ariz.,
miner, who up to a your and a half ago
had difficult work to provide tho neces
sities of life for himsolf and family.
Ho is now in this olty with $250,000 in
gold coin to his eredit. It is another
story of a lucky find of rich gold and
silver bearing quartz.
Pierce Is the name of tho now oainp
just coming into prominence about
thirty miles northeast of Tombstone.
It is made moro conspicuous because
in addition to its great ore richness it
is about tho only gold camp in tho
territory. Already there aro 500 peo
ple there and empty houses from
Tombstone are being taken thore
bodily. An English syndicate has
organized with a million and a halt of
dollars, and It is said that there Is a
prospect of the new camp rivaling
Cripple Creek, in Colorado.
Pierce was seen at his hotol soon
after his arrival a few days ago. Ho
tells an interesting story of his dis
covery and of his sudden change In
position from a man without a dollar
to one who can be considered fairly
wealthy. Ho Is a Cornlshman, about
fifty years of age, with little or no
education, and who appears totally un
aware as yet of what his fortune can
do for him.
"About four years . apro." said he,
" J took up a claim about thirty miles
northeast of Tombstone. There was a
water holo in the mountain, and I took
the place in order to got tho water so
I could raiso a few head of stock.
There was not much to be made from
it, and as I was broken down from
hard work with a pick, my folkB had
to help out in the living. One day,
about eighteen months ago, I was driv
ing the cows home at night and was
upward of four miles away from my
ranoh, when in crossing a little ledgo
where thoro was an outcropping of
rock, I stooped down and picked up a
piece of stone to throw at ono of the
cows, when I noticed how heavy It
" Upon a closer examination I saw
what looked like gold quartz and I
took homo sovoral pieces of the rook
and horned It out. Tho result showed
considerable gold. I wont back and
got moro rock and took It into Tomb
stone the next day, and an essay
showed me that I had found a rich
mine. The lodgo whero I picked up
the rook was not over 400 foot from a
road that had boon traveled for years.
It was just luck I found it."
Pierce went on to stato that as ho
| had no money himself, ho had to do all
tho developing work on a small scale.
He managed to take out several tons
of ore and ship it away. Tho reBult
from this shipment was ovor $3,000.
With this amount of monoy he sunk a
shaft and oponed his claim so that it
was possible to ascertain the extent of
the ledge. After this work had been
accomplished somo parties from Silver
City, N. M., oamo alone and bonded
the property for $250,000 on a yoar's
time. Bofore tho yoar had expired
they sold the bond to an English syndi
cate for an advance of $100,000, and
when the year was up, whloh occurrod
last weok, Mr. Pieroo got a draft on
San Franolsco and he at once came to
tho oitv to trot his coin.
Prior to two years ago Pierco was a
broken-down minor ?a man who had
nover had to exceed $10 at one time
and who was having a hard struggle
to make both ends meot. Now ho has
a quarter of a million dollars, all in
gold ooin, and like most men in similar
oiroumstanoos, does not know how to
spend his money. Iiis wife, befoio
making the strike, had to go to Tomb
stone andhelpoutthe family exohequer
by doing suoh odd jobs of house clean
ing as she could find, while the son, a
young man now twenty, herded cattle
on the ranges. Besides one son, he
has a daughter, who was given the ad
vantage of the publio schools of Tomb
stone. His entire family accompany
him to this olty, and as it is thoir first
visit away from home, they are enjoy
ing thornselve?. /
A STRONG PLEA FOR THE WOMEN.
V.I I.V. A III* ON If KMT FOR <MA SR US.
The Hard Lifo of Working Girls?The
Insincerity of Society Folks.
Let tho good work go on. The shop
girls of Atlanta are now allowed to sit
and rest their weary limbs for a brief
time when not waiting on customers,
and their working time is out at 0
o'clock in the evening. This a reform
that means muoh to them, and our
sympathetic people will all thank the
Chamberlin house for starting it. The
girls have not demanded it nor have
thoy uttered a word of complaint, but
wo know that they get tired, very
tired, and sometimes they aro sick and
some of them have work to do when
they get home. But they never strike
?no, they bad rather suffer and en
dure and always look oheery and try to
bo happy and contented. I have won
dered why they did not organize and
ehoose their leaders and sometimes
get on a strike and walk out and make
demands on their employers like the
men do. No, thoy will not do that. It
is not their nature, and for that reason,
if no other, those who employ them
should bo all the more considerate
Every shop girl and overy shop woman
has an Individual history, and could
tell a tale of sorrow or misfortune, and
some of them would be intensely sad
and pathetic if written and published.
Many of them belong to that class who
have seen better days?many are or
phans?some have a widowed mother
or an invalid sister to support. All
are depondent and have no bright
rirospects of bettering their condition
n the years to come. Some of them
are not strong, and often go to their
work with a hoadaoho or a heartache,
but they must not complain?sad faces
or sick faces or very homo'y ones are
not wanted. I know four sisters who
are shop girls at difToront places. The
eldest is only sixteen. They have
neither father nor mother nor brother,
but they live together and work by
day and comfort each other by night.
Some merchants are hard-task mas
ters ; " only a shop-girl " is their mot
to, and their sorvlco is worth what it
will bring?that muoh and no more.
They tlx the prico and keep it there.
There is no promotion in wages. I
know one who kept a girl down to $20
a month. She was ro?ned, diligont,
conscientious and popular, and had
boon reared a lady in all respects, but
she was only a shop girl, and out of
moager wagos must pay for her board
and clothing. Not an hour did Bhe
over loso?but by and by she was offer
ed $30 by anothor house, and then, and
not until then, did her employers pro
pose to increase her wages to tho same
amount. Why did they not do it bo
75Te"??-J know anothor large, woalthy
house that kept a J'oung man for three
years, promising at inTSfS^^to raise
his wages, but it was only a pronI:so.
At last ho quit and sought othor busi
ness, and then they offered him nearly
doublo what ho had boon getting if ho
would come back. That is what the
prophet calls "grinding tho faces of
cucrpoor." YVUy * ~nn i)iinn rr'-"p life
and health away by fecoiny uoV ufT"
hope until it turns to despair V Only
a shop girl ! A young lady who had
once been independent was Jorced by
the common calamity of th\oto hard
times to become a shop girl?and she
told me th it tho hardest thing tu bear
was tho stately coldness of her former
friends?the lack of familiar social
recognition; when thoy traded at the
counter thoy hardly know her?they
said good morning, but not in the
sweet old way. After Job had lo3t his
property, he said: "But now thoy
that are younger than I hold me in de
rision?whose fathers 1 would have dis
dained to set with the dogs of my flock."
It is tho same old story of social in
sincerity. A man never knows who
aro his friends until misfortune over
takes him. 'Thank heaven ! thore are
somo exceptions to this rule, and these
shop girls do sometimes llnd somebody
to love them and share their sorrows.
Thore is nothing more unbecoming to
woman, than her disposition to rulo
money' into her social sot and rule
poverty out. No real, woll-bred lady
will do it. My observation is that this
foolish vanity is generally indulged in
by the sboduy aristocrats?those who
have nothing else,to their credit except
money?those whose fathers got rich
by questionable means. Peachtreo is
lined with many such, and so aro tho
fashionable quarters of all c'tles. This
folly is mainly a feminine ono: the
men arc not given to it; no man dares
to Bnub another because of his povorty,
or his humble origin. With men thoro
is no aristocracy oxcopt that of intel
lect. It is related that when Uouglas
and Lincoln mot for tho first time on
tho hustings Douglas, who was a groat
aristocrat, said ho had not tho honor
of an acquaintance with his opponent,
and, in fact, had seen him but once,
and that was whon he was selling
whiskey behind tho bar in a cross
roads saloon. When old Abe roso to
roply, ho smilod from oar to car, as ho
remarked. " That's so, my fellow
citizens. That is the only time I over
saw him until now. Ho was on ono
sido of tho bar and I was on tho other.
Ho took a drink and I took tho monoy.
Wo are about oven on that score."
What's tho difference? A nico, swoot,
woll-mannorod girl or young woman
who waits on tho customers in a largo
dry goods houso is on one sido of tho
counter and a rieh aristocratic lady is
on the other. Ono had monoy, tho
other had goods and they exchanged?
that's all. Which is ahead in thocomody
of life and which will bo ahead whon
tho play is onded and final judgment
is rondored ? With ono life is a fash
ionable farce ; with the other a strug
glo for bread. " Glvo us this day our
dully bread " Is hor morning prayer.
The position of thoso working girls
is a hard one at best, but kind words
and fair wages soften it down groatly.
They bog for theso place* and got
them, but why womon should not bo
paid as much as men for similar sor
vloe I cannot understand. My infor
mation is that they are paid about half
and tho employer's oxcuso is that com
petition is very groat and as othors
out rates they must do eo, too, for la
bor is worth only what it will bring?
and a woman's labor can bo had cheap
er than a man's. That is not a good
oxouse. It is not to tho interest of tho
employer to got labor on such torms.
Twonty dollars a month will not keen
a young woman in good health and
good clothes and leave anything for a
siok mother or a child, or for a
doctor's bill. A big-hearted, generous
man will inquire into the condition of
every female] employee he has, and as
far as possible mako it his own con
oern. They are, as it wore, his wards
for tho tlmo, and he cannot esoape the
Before tho war there wore no shop
girls, but for thirty yoars this great
transition has been going on, and now
the South, like tho North, is full of
working gh-ls. Tho children and
grandchildren of thoso who once were
proud and independent are now forcod
to become their own bread winnora.
Thero is no perception for them. It 1b
dally food for dally labor. The rich
are growing richer by short outs aud
questionable means, all of whloh in
their last analysis come from the earn
ings of the toilers and grind the faces
of the poor. Widows and orphans
whoso husbands and fathers left them
stock or bonds in a great railroad have
lived to see it wrecked by unscrupu
lous schemers and by the time the
wreokers had done with it tholr stock
and their bonds were worthless.
Daniel Webster got a fee of $10,000 for
making a speech in the Myra Clark
Galnos case and it was noised by the
press as an enormous fee, but now a
common lawyer gets $50,000 for brlng
ng tho money of a wrecked railroad
into court. An incorporated company
accumulates a million dollars surplus
and asks the court what to do with it.
There was no light, no'contest, but the
lawyers who took the decree aro
awarded $75,000 for bringing the money
Into court. Receivers and lawyers
fu-ry upon the carcases of corporations
ike buzzards upon tho carcases of
brutes, and but little is left for credit
ors or stockholders. TkcBe are the
things that fill tho people with distrust
and disgust and paralyze Industry and
intimidate capital. I know a lady and
sho is sitting near mo now whose
father left her $10,000 of stock in a
railroad in Alabama. It was good
stock and had good prospects, but tho
schemers got it into court and had a
receiver appointed and It was wreck
ed and sold to the bondholders for a
song and she lost everything but the
certificate. When she comes across
It now among her archives I hear her
humming that sweet old song, " This
world is all a fleeting show." But let
the working girls cheer up and always
look on the bright side. If they can't
get married lot them look around and.
see how much misery marriage brings
?how few women are happily mated.
Encourage a cheerful disposition, and
if you can't be happy, be as happy as
you can. Trust In the Lord and do
good. It Is not all of life to live nor
all of death to die. There are many
blessings that cost us nothing. I
never pass my noltrhbor. Mrs. Piftld'?
front yard that Is radiant with beauti
ful flowers but what I think how cheap
they are to me. It is a good idea to
sometimes think of that poor little
boy whoso mother covered him with
straw ono bittor night and put an old
window shutter on tho straw to hold
it down. "Mother," said he, "it isn't
every little boy that has a shuttor to
hold down his straw?is It?" And
there is somo comfort in a Persian
provorb that says: " Blessed are they
who have but little, for they shall not
bo envied." Bill, Am\
HON. JOSHUA IiKVEltlNG.
A Sketch of the Prohibit tun Nominee
for the Presidency.
Joshua Levering is ono of Balti
more's most highly respected citizens,
as well as one of her most prosperous
businimen. He is a member of the
importing anJ--exporting Arm of E.
Levering & Co., ongfc?cl eblolly in tho
Brazilian coffee trado, the |houso
having branches at Rio Janeiro and at
-?Santos. The members of the firm are
Joshua Levering, Eugene Lovering,
his twin brothor, Loonidvs Levering,
Frankling W. Levering, and Eugene
Since 1884 Mr. Levering has bcon a
member of the Prohibition party, hav
ing before that time been an Indepen
dent Democrat. In 1884 ho voted for
St. John for "resident. Ho was chair
man of tho Maryland State Prohibi
tion Convention in 1887 and again in
1893, and a delegate to tho national
conventions of 1888 and 181)2. Ho de
clined to allow the use of his namo for
the Vice Presidency in 1888 and, in
fact, also in 1802. His friends insisted
in the lattor year, and on tho first
ballot ho received a majority of votes,
but on succeeding ballots the voto was
changed sufficiently to nominate Dr.
k Mr. Levoring has been vico prcsl
\dent of tho State executive committee
lor several years, and in 1891 was the
candidate, for Slates Comptroller, re
coivlng 6,443 vote?. Previous to the
Stute Convention last fall he refused
tlu\ use of his name as a caudidato for
Governor of Maryland, but, boing
nominated by the Convention by ac
clamation, he at last consented to allow
the nomination to stand. Ho received
over 7,700 votes.
In 'church and temperance work
Mr. Lovoring holds as prominent a
position as he does in the business
world. Ho has been a member of the
Eutaw 1 'luce Baptist church sinco its
erection. In the winter of 1857- 58 he
was converted to the Baptist faith and
baptized by tho late Uov. Richard
Fuller into membership of tho Seventh
Baptibt Church, becoming a constit
uent of Eutaw Place Church upon its
organization, in April, 1871. Sinco
April, 1881, he has been duporinteu
dent of the Sunday-school.
With the general denominational
intorosts of hl8 church, both North
and South, Mr. Levering has always
boon identified. One of the origina
tors of the American Baptist Educa
tional Society, in \1888, ho has boon its
treasurer sinco in organization. He
has also been vice (president for a num
ber of years of theXAmerican Baptist
Publication Society\ and also of the
Southern Baptist Convention. He is
presldont of tho boa>rd of trustees of
the Southern Baptist Theological
Seminary ft Loulsviuo, Ky., and a
member of tho international com
mittee of tho Young Men's Christian
Association of tho United States and
Of tho Young Men's Christian As
sociation of Baltimore ho has been
president sinco 1885, having boon each
year since that lime, unanimously re
elected. Since 1887 ho has boon pres
ldont of the Maryland House of Re
fugo. Ho Is a director of tho Mary
land Trust Company, and of tho Provi
dent Savings Bank.
On Soptombor 12, 1845, Mr. Levering
was born in Baltimore, boing there
fore in his 5l8t year. He enjoyed tho
privileges of prlvato schools until 1861,
when he entered commercial life,
beginning at tho bottom of tho ladder
us a clerk. In 1800 he was taken into
partnership by his fathor, together
with his two brothers, under tho name
which is still presorvod. Eugoro
Levering, Sr., fathor of tho nominee,
dlod In June, 1870, since which timei
tho business has beon conducted by his
?Mr. G. Walton Whitman has fully
rnado up his mind to tako tho stutnp
In tho coming campaign as a oandidato
for Guvornor. His platform will bo
death to tho whiskey trafllc (aj a bev
erage), death to competition In matters
of higher education, in which tho
State is a party ; the best system of
public sohools possible; industrial ed
ucation as loading features of Ulemson
and Winthrop colleges, with literary
courses Atting thoir studonts for enter
ing colleges of higher learning . no
discrimination in legislation in ftwor
of or against any class or profession?
towns, eitles and country to stand on
tho samo plane as to legislation am. the
enforcement of law ; onmlty and strife
te be discouraged; honest elections.
Prosperity of the Southern States,
INDUSTRIAL 1NTRRKSTS look
ing UP on all SIDES.
Cotton Spindles to Reach 4,000,000
In Number by the Knd or This
Year?Tho Southern Peach, Pear
and Watermelon Crops?Western
Trade Seelcln** Southern Ports.
Mr. Richard H. Edmonds, editor of
tho Manufacturers' Record, who re
cently returned from a trip to the
South, in an interview with a reporter
for The Baltimore Newa aald that
throughout the entire South there was
a marked tendoncy to improvement,
which was especially noticeable in its
" Along the Chesapeake and Ohio
and the Norfolk and Western rail
roads, stretching from Hampton
Roads out through West Virginia," ho
said, " thero is everywhero seen a
very decided increase in activity. Tho
output of coal is increasing; now mines
are being opened ; timber lands and
coal lands are being purchased for
development, and tho evidences of
improvement cannot fall to impress
anyone who investigates this territory.
" In the Central Soutb, the Caro
linas and Georgia, thero is no abate
moot In tbo activity in cotton mill
building and in the extension of exist
ing plants. By the end of the prosont
year the South will havo about 4,000,
000 spindles, representing an aggro
gate capitalization of nearly $125,000,
000, against 1,700,000 spindles with a
capital of $01,000,000 in tho consus year
of 1800, thus showing an incroase of
ovur 100 por cent, in tho number of
spindles within bix years.
" Business inattors in Atlanta are
showing favorablo results, as tho out
come of tho Exposition, and statistics
Bhow that moro building is now boing
dono in tho city and of a higher class
of residences, as well was business
houses, than evor boforo.
" In South Georgia tho peach and
watermelon and pear crops aro now
safe, and investigations show that tho
peach orop will bo tho largest ovor
produced in tho State. Tho aggre
gate value of tho fruit crops of that
district for tho year is boing estimated
as high as $7,000,000 or $8,000,000. It
is calculated that tho fruit und molon
crop of Georgia will this year furnish
from 15,000 to 20,000 carloads of frolght
to tho railroads. k
"Tho immigration movement into
that territory is extremely active, and
plans uro maturing for considerable
colonization enterprises, in addition to
these already In operation, including
the brluging of German ahd Scandina
vian settlers, as well as of tho North
ern and Western people. Along tho
Georgia and Alabama Railroad, which
is largely owned in Baltimore, thoro
aro somo half a dozen colonization un
dertakings, In addition to tho Fitz
gerald Grund Army movement, whioh
has already settled ovor 8,000 Westorn
people on tho. 100,000 aero tract of land
purchased for thut purpose last year.
? ."Probably tho most marked im
provement and one indicative of tho
moht wide-roaohing Influence upon in
dustrial matters is seen in tho Alabama
Iron and coal districts. Birruing\.L^?
is taking a decided turn for tho better,
and within the lust few weeks half a
dozen important enterprises involving
investments of about half a million
dollars have been put on foot, while
two extensive steel plants are practi
" Tho Birmingham Rolllng-MUl
Company, ono of the oldest and largest
concerns in tho State, has decided to
build a steel plant with a capacity of
200 tons a day to furnish steel for Hb
own works, and this will bo construct
ed without regard to any outside finan
cial aid. Tho $1,000,000 stool enter
prise projected by tho Tennessee Coal
?Iron and Railroad Company is assum
ing tangible shape, although no time
has beon set for tho work of construc
"The output of coal Is tho heaviest
in tho history of tho State, and, not
withstanding the low prices which
still provali for Iron, tho production
Is very heavy, and nearly all of tho
furnaces of the State aro in blast.
"Another nutable evidence of the
general upbuilding of tho South is
the trend of Western trade through
Southern ports to Europe. During
tho last nine months New Orleans has
exported 10,000,000 bushels of corn,
against 2.000,000 bushels for tho cor
responding timo of the previous year.
New Orleans, by the way, will shortly
bo In advaneo in some respects of every
city in tho world in its shipping faci
"Just below tho city a new shipping
point has been established, where $2,
000,000 or $3,000,000 has boon invested
in building a grain olevator, cotton
warehouses, four of tho most powerful
cotton compresses in tho world and
docks and piers for steamship pur
poses. At this point wharfago is en
tirely free, thus Offering great attrac
tions to steamships.
" A belt railroad owned by tho same
company connects with all railroads
entering New Orleans, and freight
trains destined for that point are
hand led as soon as they strlko the belt
railroad with compressed air locomo
tives, thus avoiding tho danger of tire
with locomotives running in and out
between cotton warehouses. This
necessarily brings about a great reduc
tion in the cost of insurance.
? Not to be outdone by this move
ment, tho Illinois Central Itailroad is
spending about $1,000,000 in tho build
ing of another grain elevator and ad
ditional bhipping facilities, and this
company will als" furnish free whar
fago, so that Now Orleans will practi
cally bo a free port before tho ond of
" At Galveston there Is a heavy
grain movement as at Now Orleans,
while at Sabine l'ass. Tex., an olevat r
and other shipping facilities are behg
built to bo ready for tho opening o: a
direct railroad line betweon that poi t
and Kansas City, which will be com
pleted about September 1, and upon
which $10,000,000 have boon expended
in construction work during tho last
three years, tho road boing something
over 700 miles loin/.
li At Mohlio an elevator la undor
construction; at Peusaoola the Louis
ville and Nashville is building an
elevator and extensive shipping
wharves ; Savannah und Charleston are
inunhing for Western trade; I'ort Koyal
Las exported nearly 1,000,000 bushels
m corn slneo tho llrst of tho year, and
Norfolk and Nowport News, as all
Haltiinorcans know, uro devoloplng a
groat exporting business.
'VThe wholo outlook,'" said Mr. Ed
monds, "indioates a broad and solid
development of thoontiroSouth. Its ir>
d ust i' i st I Interests aro pi osporing and ex
pandlng, notwithstanding tho general
complaints of hard times throughout
other sections. The farmers are less
in debt than at any time since the war,
and while they aro preparing for a large
cotton ei op, this year's cotton will bo
produced ut tho lowostcost ever known
" Moroover, thero is a vory inWkcd
inoreaso In fold mining inUffostjk^gL
whilo much money has in times past
boon recklessly squandered in specula
tive gold enterprises in the South,
there is a good prospect for a solid and
substantial development of gold in
to rests. The groat decrease In the
oost of reducing gold ores which has
come about within the last two or
three years makes available the vast
quantities of low-grade ores fouud all
the way from Virginia to Alabama.
''One of the recent processes, which
seoms to be meeting with success and
which if permanently successful pro
mises to have a material offect upon
the South, is now in operation at
Blaoksburg, S. C. At that poiut well
known capitalists have expended about
9200,0UO during the last two years in/
experimental work and finally in i\St$*
bullding of an extensive plant for.
treating sulphur et ores. At this plant,
which 7s now running night and dayjr
all the Ingredients of the ore aro saved, '
and it is estimated that these blpro
ducts will pay the cost of operating,
leaving the gold as clear gain.
" One of the most important features
of this is the low cost at whloh sul
Ehuric aold is being produced. This
as induced a combination of fertiliser
companies to build a $100,000 fertiliser
plant a few hundred yards from the
tulphurio-acid works, and thosulphurio
acid is carried In leaden pipos direct
from the aold chambers to the fertili
zer woras. <>
"It is thought that this will bring
about a reduetion In the cost of ferti
lizers, which may have a considerable
infiuouco upon agricultural inturests,
whilo helping to develop the gold*
mining interests of the South."
-? ? ?,
THE lill-li 18 NOW A LAW.
The Senat o ^Passes the rR?vol^niul
Harbor Hill By an Unusual Ma
The action of tho Sonato In regard
to the passage of tho river and harbor
bill is as follows:
A contest for the right of way arose
as soon as tho Sonato met. Mr. Vost
(Dom., Mo.), who in tho absonce of Mr.'
Fryo is in ehargo of tho river and har
bor bill, sought to havo the President's
voto of that message taken up.
This was opposed by Mr. Petti grew
(Rep., S. D.) iu charge of the Vndian
appropriation bill conference roport.
Mr. Vest urged that tho suspension
aud possiblo destruction of tho work of
improvement of internal waterways
was of more moment than any other
one subject savo that of tho national
honor. It was imperative that tho
question bo settled pow, so that if tho
voto was sustained It could be deter
mined whether another river and har
bor bill was to bo framed. Tho bill and
veto wore takjsn up by yeas 38; nays 10.
The negative voto was cast by : Demo
crats?Hat/5, Chilton, Harris, Palmer,
Vllas?5. /^Republicans?Brown, Mor
rlll, Pettlgrew, Pritchard, Toller?5.
Total 10. Tho message was then read.
Mr. Vest said the voto contained
statements which, howover much ho
might respect the high oftlce of tho
President, ought not to go unchal
lenged. Tho Senator did not quc&tiou
tho President's veto prerogative, but
tho framors of tho e<>n-t it ut he; -.??y^wr.
had intonded that this'power shoultt^^-"
exoreised in the ordinary affairs of thoV,
government. It was to bo a powor to
5"?wextraordinary affairs of tho gov
ernment. It w as to bo a power to meet
extraordinary emergencies, when pop
ular passion had led to hasty logisla-.f;
tion, or when a constitutional question/',
was involved. Tho early presidents,/^,
who stood nearer to tho constitution, ,
exercised tho veto but several times;
twice by Washington, five by Madison,
and never by Jefferson or John Adams.
Mr. Vest then analyzed tho state
ments of tho veto concerning extrava
gance. Tho President had, ho said,,
stated that the bill made direct appro
priations of about $14,000,000, while In
fact thoy aggregated $12,008,000, a dif
ference of $1,39V, 100. This was hardly
characteristic of tho effectiveness of jj
tho catenations of Mr. Cleveland, who
never had served in a legislative body :
and seemed to havo a tendency to min
imize tho responsibility of u legislator
to his constituents.
Mr. Vest took up other Items, show
ing that the totals were loss than tho
President's statements would indicate.
Tho Senator said as to the general
ehargo of extruvaganco that in view of
tho vast interests involved, the extent
of the country and the fact that the
river and harbor bill covered two
years, this measure was comparatively
reasonable. There wore items opon to
question, yet as in all legislation this
was the result of compromise.
Mr. Vest had addressed a letter to
General Craighill, chief of engineers,
asking for the facts as to that state*
racnt of tho President that he bad
loarned from ollicial sources that the
bill contained appropriations intended
to servo private interests. The Sen
ator said General Craighill mado no
reply but in response to a telegram an
swered that the letter had been "re
ferred to Secretary of War for instruc
tions." Up to this date no information
had been received. "So that for reas
ons best known to the administration,"
said Mr. Vest, bitterly, ' it is consider
ed best not to go into details on these
charges, but to indulge in general and
rhetorical declamation as to the alleged
extravagance and favoritism contained
Mr. Vest said ho believed one of the
President's charges applied to tho
Brunswick, Ga., harbor, one of the best
and most economical improvements in
the country. The Senator spoke of the*
cheaper rates of transportation result
ing from improvements at the "Soo/*
New Orleans, Baltimore, New York,
Hosten and elsewhere. In the plat
form upon which Mr. Cleveland was
first nominated was a strong plank for
waterway improvements, and his early
messages indorsed those improvements.
Mr. Vest prophesied that in the near+
future legislation would bo directed tO$
further developing internal commerce*:
and cheapening transportation.
The Senate passed the river and har-"
bor bill over the President's veto by o?
to 5, and the measure is now a law.
Those voting' in the negative ,wero
Messrs. Hate, Chilton, Hill, Smith and
Vilas?all Domocrate?5. j
?The Manufacturers' lloeord an- ':
nouncc? that, to turn attention to tho 1
mineral rosourc-H of the South and to B
aid in the intelligent Investigation of
what may or may not ho of value, l*>*j
has arranged with Mr. CharlesCatlotK?
ohcmist and geologist, of Stauiitott2#,'i
Va., to mako superlicial examination
of samples of oro, or suspected onpV'
froo of charge Thoy will he reported
In tho Record witn a word of explana
tion as to their value, if any. Tho
simples should bo sent direct fcOVMr
Catlett, with mail or express charges
prepaid, and the name and address of
tho sen ior on tho package, a*bd oare
should bo taken to solcct an average
sample. A small quantity will suffice,
Tho arrangement is a liberal ono on
the part of tho Record, and-may Ue of
service to nomo persons In .South (Tnro
11 na who have lands wir eh thoy ho'iove
io contain valuable deposits, bu?^^^
lyiot- know how to have the O^flfl
decided wlthour. imnirring^gj?|
t\e expense^* ih^r^i^m^