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Howling at Winnsboro.
Rowdyism of the Worst
Most Disgraceful Meeting of the Campaign.
Dispensary Officials Leading
The campaign meeting-at Winnsboro
on the 4th in<*t. was a disgrace to tho
county and tho State. There was
more rowdyhm in tho crowd than at
auy other mooting up to dato, a cir
cumstance deplored by tho orderly,
law abidlug olti/.ens of the county
without rogard to political faction.
Six or oight men not only mado dis
gusting spectaolos of themselves by
howling at speakers with whose senti
ments thoy did not agree, but by their
conduct brought odium upon their
county and Stato. In justice, It must
be said, that the assemblage as e
wholo was attentivo and anxious to
hear, but a little coterio of half a dozen
or more mon not only would not per
mit them to listen, but almost precipi
tated a light. Tho most charitable
thing to say of them is that they wore
drunk, for it would bo hard to imagiuo
how men in their right minds would
create such a disturbance over noth
ing. Tho samo speeches were made
that have been mado throughout tho
State, and which have been listened to
quietly and decently olsowhoro ; not a
word was uttered to justify the out
rageous and riotous conduct of those
few mon. When tho chief of police
attempted to quiet two of them resist
ance was made by their friends to
their arrest and it took the combined
efforts of Governor ''"vans, Sheriff
.Ellison and other poaceablo citizens to
quiet them aud prevent a light, though
nobody wanted to light them. Thoy
soomod beut solqly on ureating a
disturbance and they abundantly buo
cocded In disgracing themsolvcs aud
making the so-called campaign of
education a howling farco as far as
Fairfleld County is concerned.
There were probably 400 people at
tho meeting. 'rhu court houso could
not hold tUem, so tho candidates spoko
from an improvishud platform in tho
court house yard iu tho broiling sun.
The meeting was opened with prayer
by Jtev. Mr. Ferris and Chairman
Lyles expressed the hopo that tho
meeting would bo a quiet and orderly
one. Ho first introduced Governor
Evans. Ho said tho olllco of Governor
wus tho greatest and most honorable
that tho people could bestow upon any
man. While tho olllco of United States
Senator hud a larger salary it was not
a position of greater honor.
Ho asked for tho office of United
!Stat03 Senator bolleving that he knew
tho needs of the people and the farm
ers. Eight years ago a manifesto was
adopted in South Carolina, which has
become tho law of tho ?oraoeratie
party. Ho proposed to discuss those I
issues and not insinuations that may I
be mado. You know all about those
insinuations. Ho said he hoped these
fellows could prove that ho was to i
recelvo auy rebates. He said he
would take time to say something
about the latest insinuations, which
wore that ho wanted to buy from a firm
'that offered bribes. Ho said tho man
l(Hubbeli) carno to him and said he
?could supply liquors at from 5 to J?
cents less a gallon than the State was
paying. Ho told the agent to put his
prices in writing. Ho did so and the
oilers aro now in tbo drawer in his
olllco. Ho said ho told the Commis
sioner of tho oiler, and ho was told of
an oiler to givo large rebates. Ho did
not urge that liquor ho bought from
this agont and that was all ho had to
say about it. Tho attempt to sneer at
me ovon is like a cuttle fish which
about to bo cuught jots out a black
.scum to hide Itself. 1 defy any man to
ishow that I ever got ono cent from tho
idlsponsary or any other dopartmont of
ithe government that was not justly
due me as an otllccr and honest man.
But wo are here to show our fitness
to represent you in tho national gov
ernment. You must not think that
because you won a victory in
the Stato you have won tho fight.
Don't think you can send a man thoro
not in sympathy with you. You don't
want to tako frozen vipers to your
bosom. Self preservation is the first
law. of nature aud you farmers must
stand together and put men In the
national halls of legislation who rep
resent your views.
Tho opponents of tho farmers de
mands cussed us and called us anarch
ists. But wo have mado tho Demo
cratic party adopt oar platform and
our demands are the principles of that
Everything In this State depends
upon tho price of cotton, but it hns
boon going down and down. Why is
A voioe: "That's what wo want to
Governor Evans continuing Bald that
The supply of money regulated tho
prlco. He went on to say that when ho
got to Washington ho Rod Bon Tlll
man would have throo eyes on tho
scoundrels. They aro trying to insin
uate that Tillman is against me, but
ho said "I know you. What they say
goes in one ear and comes out the
Tho question of freo sllvor simply
mean.-, wo want to put more money in
circulation, Increase the price of cot
ton and otbor products and help you
pay your debts. But they say this
will run gold out of the country. But
Is that gold hero ? ? No. Cleveland
toa* to Issue over $200,000,000 worth of
Ibond to keep $150,000,000 of gold In the
?country. By that ho took $?.7? out of
the pockets of every man, woman and
child In the country and docroases the
amount of monoy In the hands of the
people. Free sllvor moans $0,000,000 a
month more. If that Is not onough
we can Issue greenbacks.
It's mighty easy for these fellows
who never mado a freo silver speech
beforo tooome in now aud do it slnoo
the fight has been won.
Governor Evans described tho Chi
cago convention and how tho goldbugs
had been whipped horse, foot and dra
goons. It was tho grandest assem
blage he said he over saw.. Tue gold*
Ibugs refused to voto?thoso men that
called themselves Democrats. It was
tho grandest fight evor made for tho
farmers of the country.
He spoke of tho monoy powor as the
most damnable thing in the world. Ho
eaid United States judgoB woro a more
torrlblo curse than all the enemies of
the people put togothor. Ho referred
to .1 ml go Slmooton's injunction as to
cat raten and said it was most damna
abletyra. a man eleoted for lifo
father's house. We must kick them
out liko we did old Cleveland and tho
goldbugs from the temple of justice.
He closed by predicting a victory for
Bryan which would be a victory for
tho farmers. The fight must be con
tinued in CongrosB and tho peoplo
must send men tbore who are in sym*
pathy with their demand. You must
not for a moment lose sight of your
domands. Governor Evans was loudly
cheered and was presented with a
bouquet when ho concluded.
Judge Eurle was introduced and was
received with cheers and counter
cheers for Evans,
Tho Judgo said that ho appoared to
discuss Issues dispassionately and with
out feeling. They should bo discussed
with intolligenoe and not for hurrahs
from tho boys. Ho said that he ap
peared before the peoplo of Kairfiold in
1800. He said then that the remedy
for the evils which tho people suffered
was not to bo fouud in the State gov
ernments, but the relief must como
from Congress. If there is any hope
for tho country it must como from the
A voice : " You got that black oyo,
Judge Earlo : "You can't give me
one, sir. I como hero to discuss Ibsuos
with gentlemon. My romarks are ad
dressed to gontlomon."
Tho young man who made tho re
mark was most effectually squelched
and kopt quiet from that on and novor
opened his mouth again to choor friend
Judge Early said ho had nevor apol
ogized for anything he had said that
was right. Ho said in 1890 that the
Shell manifesto was false as far as cor
ruption In the State government was
concerned. He Bald so now. He went
on to show what had beeu done during
his incumboncy of tho Attorney Gen
No matter what tho Reform party
hus done, he had as much pride in it us
any South Carolinian, but tho remody
must come from the natioual legisla
tion. In tho first plnco there should
bo an Income tax, bo that men owning
enormous fortunes should pay taxes in
accordance with their weaith.
Another ovil from which we Buffer
is the protective tariff. He then went
Into a discussion of the monetary ques
tion. Ho said ho would explain what
10 to 1 was.
A voico: , "Wo don't waut to hear
Judge Earlo : " This is a free coun
try, and if you don't want to listen you
have a perfect right to go off and not
listen." (Hurrah for Earlo.) Quiet
was restored, and tho two or three 1
men who had been creating most of
tho interruptions kept quiet for awhile.
Chairman Lyles oxerted a wholosomo
inllueneo by goin# among them and 1
insisting that tho spcakor should bo j 1
heard without interruption. After an
interesting discussion of tho question
Judgo Earlo concluded, and got off tho <
Mr. John Stevenson, county dispcu
?or, asked Judgo Earlo to go back as
he wanted to ask him a quostlon. Tho
Judge wont back. I
Mr. Stevenson: "Why didu't you
irrant S. T. Howie bond in Greenville I
Groonvillo when he killed a blind tiger
Judge Earlo : " Because tho rcc-! '
Drds were such that bond ought not to i
have been granted."
Mr. Stevenson: "Do you know I
Luther Trammel ? "
Judgo Earlo : "Yes." I
Mr. Stevenson: "Didn't ho say to
Mr. Moonoy, your pa.-tner, that" ho I i
wouid give 4500 to see that scoundrel i 1
hung ? "
Judge Earie: "Not. that I know of."
Mr. StoVenson : "Don't you know
Trammel is a notorious character ? " i
Judge Earle: "1 do not. I will
simply say I did my duty in this caso,
us I always have done."
Mr. Stevenson : "Don't you know i
he was acquitted ? "
Judgo Earlo: "I'm glad of it, be
cause I want no good mau convicted, I
but f want to say from tho facts set |
forth in tho papers presented to mo ,
bail could not be granted."
There were oheers for Earlo, and
Governor Evans' friends responded
with cheors for him.
Mr. Duncan was tho next speaker.
Ho said that he wished he could dis
cuss national issues alone, but the acts
of public otllcials are open to criticism.
He then spoko of his early work for
tho Reform movement. Some one
asked that something bo said aoout
Tillman and Mr. Duncad paid him the
He made roforonco to lawyers getting
all the good things of ollico when ho
was interrupted by some one asking
whether ho was not a lawyer. Mr.
Duncan mudo reply that bo had studied
law to keep up with tho boys. Ho was
interrupted by remarks inappropriate
to tho occasion, when someone asked:
"Who's paying your expenses in this
Duncan: "I'm paying thorn my
He said that Evans was responsible
for the low plane tho campaign had
boon conducted on. This brought
forth groat choering for Evans, and it
looked as If Duncan would bo howlod
down, and as a matter of fact, ho was
bofqro he concluded.
Hwtcontinucd by saying that ho had
tho peoplo of tho Stato with him not
withstanding Evans went around with
Scvoral In tho crowd began to yell
for Evans, and asked who was Evans's
body-guard. Groat disorder followed,
and It was some time boforo Mr. Dun
can could resume. Ho said that if he
had boon Governor for two yoars ho
did not believe it would bo necessary
for him to got his hoolors to howl for
him. He hud told Newbold that ho
was going to give Evans tho devil for
carrying him about with him.
A voico : " Wo aro no heelers. You
are one yourself." The man who said
thifl jumpod on tho stand and shook
his fist at Mr. Duncan, though It was
ovident he meant nothing by that.
Mr. Duncan said that even tho body
guard, Mr. Newbold, had not gotten
mad at him. Mr. Nowbold wa9 at tho
meeting, by tho way, having come
down from Chostor on bis b'.ko, and
was a spectator, taking no part in the
He said that ho hsd gone to a cer
tain Dleponsor to get a eortain docu
ment, and found that Newbold had
Govornor Evans (angrily): " Didn't 11
give it to you, sir ?V
Duncan : " No. sir, you did not."
Tho crowd began to yoll for Evans,
and Dispenser Stevenson, with ilushod
face, and shaking his hand at Duncan,
said : " I am a personal friend to your
Srothor,'but you must not jump on
This was whore all the trouble
began. The half dozen men who had
been making most of tho row seemed
to get more boisterous and yelled as if
their throats would break.
Mr. Duncan continued to try to
speak, but in so much hubbub and dis
order It was impossible to make any
connected romarks. Mr. Duncan said
that ho could toll a great many things,
If Governor Evans would just let tho
A voice.: " Put It to 'em ; they don't
o* the truth."
! Mr. I hmr.wi continuing was hoard to
say above the roar of yells that ho
! could tell enough to bury Governor
j Kvans forever.
Voices : " No, you can't."
I The crowd was not listening at all
at Mr. Duncan. They were yelling or
making remarks or laughing at each
: others alleged jokes. Two young men
fin:ii the start of the meeting bad been
most boisterous in their demonstra
tions and frequently interrupted tho
speakers. Tbey mado themselves
obnoxious to all of those who wanted
to hear as woll as to tho speakers.
Chairman Lyles had frequently asked
them to keep quiet bub bis efforts
amounted to nothing. They created
so much disorder that Chief of Polico
Gilbert tried to make them stop. He
couldn't do anything with them and
then attempted to arref t them.
Dispenser Stovonson, who was ptand
ing by tho two men, told the chief that
this was a public meeting and thnt no
onu should bo arrested. Tho ohlof
naturally resented suoh iuterferonco
with his duties and stai ted to take the
raou off. Mr. Stevenson attempted to
prevent him and thou the crowd rushod
in to keep the two men from being
Curried on*. Mr. Stevonton was quite
excited and several of bis friends stood
by him, swearing that he should bo
protected. Tho policeman was lu tho
meantime pushed back and the crowd
Boomed to grow more desperate.
Curses were hurled at tho policeman
and at tho town people, tho chairman
bo far forgettlig himself as to jump on
tho stand and say that "the country
pooplo had boon Imposed upon long
enough by the town people and that
horoaftor the moetings woulc be hold
in tho country." This but added fuol
to tho llamcs and the crowd grew more
an;; ry and seemed to bo in a mood to
tear Bomobody or anything to pioces.
Governor Evans was sitting in tho crowd
but ho got up Immediately when the
row commenced and did all in his
power to stop it. Ho finally mouotou
tho stand and called upon tho people
tu keep quiet. Shorilf Ellison and
citizens well known to tho people did
tho same thing and after a few minutes
comparative quiet was restored. Wolle
every body soemcd to bo mad thero was
no light for thoro was nobody to light
but tho Chief of Police and he hud in the
mcantimo been ordered not to arrest
the men by the mayor, it is said, who
did ho in order to prevent trouble.
Thero was intense excitement during
it all but luckily nothing serious re
sulted, because, as bus been said, there
was nobody to fight although it must
bo admitted that tho whole thing was
one of tho most disgraceful events of
tlio campaign hardly excepting tho ex
hibition at Florence. Although no
pistols were drawn, many of the crowd
skipped in anticipation of shooting
during tho fracas.
Mr. Duncan continued his speech
while great disorder prevailed. Only '
a word or two or a sentence or two
could be heard.
Mr. Duncan stated that he had said '
to Tillman that if his election meant
tho disruption of the Reform move
ment ho would quit. 1
Cries: "You wouldn't. You are no j
Mr. Duncan wont on to try to speak, 1
but it was a futilo effort. Ho was con- '
stautly interrupted by howls and yells
aikI nothiug he could say was connected. J
Ho said if Evans wasn't afraid of being
shown up ho would get the people to 1
listen. Though Mr. Duncan was not
listened to ho persevered amid olios, '
"Cot down," "Time's up," etc. Ho 1
said all ho wanted was tlio people to
lisleu to him and they could voto for I
Evans if tbey wanted. 1
Voices : " Wo'll do that all right." '
Mr. Whitman was yelled down be- 1
foro ho uttered a word. After about '
two minutes of pandemonium a man in '
tbo audience charged Mr. Whitman ?
with having been guilty of an act, tho 1
details of which aro unlit for publica- 1
Mr. Whitman, with great indigna
tion, pronounced the statement an In- 1
famous lie. Ho said: "You aro an
infamous liar, sir, and if you wore
worth a shuck I would inako you 1
answer for it in the courts."
A voico: "Did you ever livo in
Whitman : " Yes. and I mado a !
vicarious sacrifice of myself, and I'm 1
making it now for you." 1
Mr. Whitman, finally getting half a
hearing, proceeded with his speech.
Ho made his usual remarks .thorn,
Tillman and papsuckers, which wero
met with cheors for Tillman and
Mr. Whitman said that tho crowd
was packed with Dispensary constables
to howl him down.
A voico: " Hoys, will you stand
Other voices : "No, wo won't, that
Mr. Whitman had very little chance
to say anything, bo constantly was ho
interrupted, but ho said ho would stay
thoro until Novomber, but what ho
was heard. He wasn't listened to,
howover, and ho said that the peoplo
above Columbia wero trying to choko
him off, but that meant choking the
Hoform movement, Py their action,
he Haid, tboy wero doing for thom
solves that which would result In a
Mr. Whitman said a groat many
other things, but few peoplo hoard
them for the domonstrativo part of the
crowd kept up their yolling. Mr.
Whitman, although be usually keeps
up Iub speech notwithstanding howl
ling down, had finally to quit and
satiufy himself with the distribution of
his tracts among the crowd.
Senator Harrison was introduced,
accompanied by cries for Ellerbe and
yells : " He's no good." Mr. Harrison,
In opening, said he behoved thero
woro those in tho audience who wautod
to hear and If thoro wero thoso who
didn't, they ought to go off or keop
quiet. He said he was running on his
own responsibility, and needed no con
stablo to dofond him. Whon it oamo
to that, then freo Democratic govern
ment in South Carolina was at an ond.
Mr. Harrison was much Interrupted
at first, but aftor ho had procoedod
awhile ho got a respectful hoarlng.
When he went to talk about tho Dis
pensary, he was interrupted by volcos
saying : " We don't want to hear it."
Nbvortholess Mr. Harrison wont on to
discuss his Dispensary scheine. Ho
said ho didn't .know whethor the Dls
pon8ary had anything to do with tho
ruci?8 just now, but It looked very much
A voico: " It waon't tho Dlspon
Ho said ho oxpoctod to bo tho next
Govornor. which was answered by
cries for Ellorbe.
Mr. Harrison said that there wore
other people bosidos those who In
terrupted him who would havo some
thing to say about that on August 25.
-A noted sharper, wishing to in
gratitato himself with a Colorgvman,
said: "Parson, I should like to hoar
you preach moro than loan toll you."
"Well," responded the clergyman, "if
you had have boon whore you ought to
mo last Sunday, you would hevo
" "Where wa? that?" asked
jr. "In the county jail," was
f "THE BLACK EAGLE OF NEBRASKA;
AN IOWA DKMOCHAT ON BUY AN.
The Fight of the People Against
the Millionaire Speculators of the
Dr. 13. F. Duckett, of Greenwood,
has received the following letter from
Mr. G. W. Scott, a prominent attorney
of Davenport, la., In reply to ono writ
ton him recently, asking him to state
his position in relation to tho presiden
tial campaign :
Davenport, la., July 30, 1890.
Dr. B. F. Duckett, Greenwood, S. C. : ,
Dear Sir?Your welcome letter came'
to hand several days ago, and owing to
sickness In my family, 1 have not
fouud tlmo until now to answer. In
roply to your Inquiry If I am support
ing "tho nominee of the Chicago con
vention, I beer to remind you that I was
a Democrat boforo tho convention and
am a Democrat now. Tho platform
reads liko tho Declaration of Inde
pendence and brings tho Democratic
party back to the anciont moorings
established by Jefferson.
Next to tho truths of rovealod reli
gion l believe in tho Democracy pro
mulgated by tho Chicago convention.
Thirty odu years ago at my mother's
knee I learned my first lessons In po
litical faith. I was taught to have
contitlenco in tho masses and in the
wisdom of tho Democratic party. There
I loatned that tho American voter was
neither a swindlor, a repudiator nor
an anarchist. Siuco then a now gen
eration of votors have come into tho
arena of Amorican politics and thoy
havo been taught to believe thot abuse
is not argument, nor villiflcation a
substitute of education.
Fvery four years there is a contest
between tsvo opposing forces in this
nation for mastery. It is tho old
Struggle of the ideas between Hamil
ton and JetTerson It will ho bo in this
campaign. Every citizen bus a right
to ally himself on either side. You
can not control him by abuse. Every
voter will bo guided by his own judg
ment, aud the dictates of his own con
science. That right was reserved to
him by tho framers of his government.
American manhood is pledged for the ,
preservation of that right. Before the
cry of anarchy tho American voter !
will not cower as a shoop before the
Under our form of government evory
man has a right to his own opinion.
That right and privilege has boon
vouchsafed him upon a hundred battle
fields of the republic. It is tho ancient
prerogative bequeathed him by the '
founders of American independence.
It has come down to us on the stream
af time, sanctioned by a long unbroken
line of Democratic statesman. It wus
won amidst the smoke of belching
?ann<>ii and volleys of musketry when (
titlod aristocracy died amidst tho
throes of revolution. Under the stars '
ind stripes every man is tho judge of f
Iiis own political action. He is the ;
keeper of his own conscience. No man ,
ian abridgo that right. Upon that ,
prinolplo the Democrats In this cam- ^
uaign will recognize that tho opposi
tion have rights that wo will in duty .
)0 bound to respect. Wo will demand j
ihe same concession. y
God Almighty hates a political cow- ,
?rd. The American people despise a ,
political trimmer, a buffoon, a mug- ^
ffUtnp and a dude. They hate " a lag- ,
rard in peace and a dastard in war*" |
Jur bolting Democratic brethren have ^
jrrod and their power to injure the ]
iauso of Bryan and tho people is pass- |
3d. They are so powerless that a j
iollln of cobwebs will hold them in j
November. You scratch the skin of u |
bolting Democrat and you will lind He- j
publican blood beneath. 1 do not know ^
whether you breed any such Democrats |
in South Carolina or not, but we have
;v few of them in this Stato who have ]
usually boon Democrats because it wus |
to their interests to profess to bo Dom- |
Tho people are going to do the vo- j
ting at this election aud not some one ,
for them us in tho past. The people t
supported Washington when ho (
scourged the British lion from our j
mores. They gave us a Ferry on Lake
Erie, a Miller at Lundy's Lane and a j
Jackson when by an unauthorized pur- j
.?ha-e ho overturned precedent and ,
gave us the Louisiana territory. They
rallied to tho support of our leaders
when they snatched Texas and tho
rfrcut Southwest from tho clutcho? of
Moxico and made tho Amorican Hag
the symbol of our power from ocean to
ocean. They gave tho govornmont a '
Lincoln, tho railspllttcr, a Grant from '
tho tanyards of Galona, and a Stephen
A. Douglae from tho prairies of Illi
nois. And now when a great wrong is '
to bo righted and tho govornmont
restored to tho people, a native son of
that old commonwealth comes to tho '
front, William J. Bryan, tho Black
Ea^'lo of Nebraska.
Twlco havo the Amorican pcoplo
repudiated McKinloyism and driven
tho despoilors of tho masses to the
jungles of political dospair. Thoy
havo seen tho protected barons of
Wall street once again marshalling
their forces to plunder and pillage tho
American people. Thoy havo hoard
tho chosen agents of subsidy under tho
leailer.-hip of Mark Manna, frying the
fat from tho protected manufucturors
preparatory to a final campaign against
tho producing clusses. Tho great
Democratic party of this nation, voic
ing tho hopes aud uspirations of tho
people, has turned onco again to the
common pcoplo for a leader.
That party has not turned a deaf ear
to tho cry and neods of tho pcoplo in
this year of grace, 1896. It has not yet
beon hypnotized and lulled to sleep in
tho lap of John Sherman. It robots
against being Shermanlzod at the ratio
of 10 to 1. Tho Democratic party will
never dio or surrender as long as there
is a free govornment upon tho face of
tho earth or tho hope of securing ono.
Long before tho Chicago convention
convoned it had soon the Huths gloan
ings In the Holds and had hoard tho
mourning voico of Itachol in tho lund.
It has turned again to the people, and
Its leaders havo quit courting over
grown wealth, corporations and monop
olies and onco more espoused the causo
of liberty and humanity.
It has selected a groat leador?a
commoner from the masses, and the
Idos of Novorabar will bring to our
standard boaror a well earned and
merited victory. Thoro is but ono 1
party of tho peoplo In this country,
and that Is tho Dpmooratlo party?ono
party of tho constitution?ono party of
local solf govornment?ono party of
personal liberty?one party of the Re
public?and that is the party whose
bold declarations of principles at Chi
cago has driven tho spooulators in hu
man misery all over this country into
a wild frenzy for foar their nefarious
buslnoss will be scoured out of exis
The hand writing Is on tho wall ovo
in Iowa, and this Stato will wheel in
thd Domwratlo column. The Uopu
llcan party can not win. For HO voa
it ilms beon drifting sway from th
ooiunon peoplo until today the Amor
oa\ ropubllo Is threatened wit'.\ th
cotntnuno. The product of its legisla
tion is throe millions of American
popple tramping over this country for
the want of a chance to earn an honest
living. That great walking army is a
reminder that Republicanism, has gone
to seed. High protection and a gold
standard are twin brothers of Republi
can Infamy. For 23 years tho people
havo begged tho Republicans for re
lief. They beg no longer. They turn
ed toward St. Louis in June and they
wero answered by oho single gold
standard and McKinloyism. The peo
ple havo accepted the ultimatum aud
they will answer It In November at
tho ballot box by pinioning those Si
mcse twins of destruction on a moun
tain sido of dofeat, there to wither,
die and rot away forever.
There is no doubt of our success. Tho
Republicans are preaching about sta
bility of a ourrency system! They
struck down our circulating medium
in '73 and since then have created an
army of millionaires, and filled the
country from ocean to ocean with
tramps and poor people. And now
thoy proclaim themselves the conser
vators of iv sound currency, the cham
pions of oppressed labor aud the guar
dian of tho nation's honor. Thoy have
gone on from bad to worse, until the
cry of tho bread less child and the ap
poais of tho famishing wife and mother
have fired tho best blood of Amorican
manhood. Tho peoplo no longer
cringingly supplicate tho Republican
party for justice. Thoy defy its power.
They aro standing up in tho sublime
majesty of their manhood and are
demanding a roturn to tho polley of
tho Democratic party on silver. Thoy
havo crossed tho Rubicon of their
despair and are marching on to tho
White House under tho leadership of
that great statesman from tho corn
holds of Nebraska.
When David B, Hill answered your
Sonator Tillman last May in the Unit
ed states Senate ho said: "We will go
to tho great council in Chicago, make
a platform and nominato, and tho
minute tho convention adjourns every
loyal Domocrat will swing into line. 1
have confidence In tho party in which
I was born. 1 inherited my Democracy
from my father and my grand father,
and 1 am willing to live in that party
still." Those words of party wisdom
will ring from every rostrum in the
Union, and tho result will be a now
and regenerated Democracy trium
phantly marching to victory in No
Wishing you and your family aro
well, I remain, as over, yours truly,
Gi:o. W. Scott.
Till-; COTTON TIB QUESTION.
The Wire Ties are Working Satis
factorily?A Novel View of the
Fight Against tho Trust.
The Columbia Register says that
3ol. D. P. Duncan, manager of the State
Alliance Exchange, has received some
lamples of the wire ties, whose use he
tdvooates In order to defeat tho trust
which has advanced the price of tho
ild style ties about 10U per cent, since
:he last cotton season.
Col. Duucan immediately purchased
% bale of now crop cotton from D. Craw
ford ?Sc Sons, cotton factors. Its weight
vas 643 pounds. The sample wire tios
ivcro substituted for the Hat iron ties
rvith which tho bale was bound, six of
mem being put around it. At lirst it
was intended to havo two wire ties run
lengthwise around tho bale, in addition
bo the other six, as of late there has
aeon some complaint that tho heads of
sales frequently burst open, but cotton
factors advised against any innovation
ill the stylo of binding tho bales for
the present, claiming it would be bet
ter to make tho test of wire ties with
bales bound exactly as those on which
hit iron ties are used.
Tho wire ties wore easily handled,
[t is said they were put around the
bale as quickly or more so than tho
ilat iron tios can bo. This is an im
portant point. Cotton factors here
wero very much pleased with tho wiro
ties and said they saw no reason why
bales bound with them should not be
jonsidored us good a delivery as bales
bound witli the Ilat iron ties.
The bale was shipped to J. B. E.
Sloan & Sons, COttOO factors, of Char
leston, to be put on uxbibitiou at tho
Colonel Duncan does not know exact
ly what the wiro tics will cost. He
knows tho price of tho wiro in rolls,
but cut, looped and put in bundles it
will cost a little more, Black wire in
rolls of 130 pounds costs from M.75 to
82 por hundred pounds. No. 10 wiro
will bo used for cotton tie8. Six ties of
this will weigh four pounds and will
cost over 3 cents por pound, or 12 cents
to the hale. The hoop ties weigh 11-2
pounds each and, at present prices,
costabout f> conts each, or 30 cents for
tho six used on a bale of cotton.
A gentleman who takes an intorest
In the light against tho Tie Trust says
it is purely a fight /or a sentiment.
Tho wiro ties for a balo of cotton costs
12 cents, whilo the flat iron or hoop
tics cost 30 conts. At lirst it appears
that the advantage is wholly In favor
of tho wiro ties. "Hut," baid he, "it
should not bo forgotten that the ties on
a bale sells as cottou. Unless tho
weight of tho bagging and tics on a
balo of cotton exceeds twonty-livo
pounds, it is paid for just tho samo as
cotton. Now hero is a plain mathe
matical demonstration?the wiro ties
on a balo weigh four pounds, and at 7
conts a pound for cotton, tho farmer
will got 28 conts for them; on the other
hnnd, tho Ilat iron Ucb on a bale weigh
nine pounds, aud at 7 cents a pound
for cotton, tho (armor will got 03 cents
for thorn. Now, tho wiro ties cost 12
cents a balo and sell for 28 cents, whilo
tho hoop ties 6ost 30 cents a bale and
sell for 03 conts. On the wire ties the
farmer makes a profit of lb cents a balo
whilo on tho hoop ties ho makes a
profit of 33 cents. It looks to a man up
a treo as if, oven at tho advanced price
It will pay the farmors to continue tho
u80 of tho hoop ties. But they don't
lo?k ut it that way. I remomber that
when tho farmers made tholr fight
against the Jute Trust, just such an
argument as I havo roado now was
mt do thon in favor of the uso of jute
bagging, oven at the advanced price.
I bit, the farmers said that was not, the
fI'd at, that tho Jute Trust had arbitrari
y advanced tho prico of iuto bagging
and they wore willing to dose money in
order to mako tho Juto Trust reduce the
prico of bagging to a lovol commen
surate with the cost of producing it.
I judge that tho farmers will take the
samo view of tho light against tho Cot
ton Tie Trust and will fight it until it
takes off its unjust and arbltary advance
of J.00 por oont In tho prico of hoop ties.
If tho farmers succoed, the ties on a
balo of cotton will only cost about 18
cents and sell for 63 cents. Tho profit
Is worth flghtlng for."
?A new uso has boon discovered
for bops, namely tho curing of baoon.
It is found that a sprinkling of hops in
tho brine when bacon and hams are
put In'plnklu acid greatly to the flavor
of both, and enables them tOibo kopt
an Indefinite porlod.
ABOUT THE REBATES ON WH1SKEA.
COMMISSIONER MIXSON MAKES
AN EMPHATIC STATEMENT.
Ho Answers the Cord of Mr, Georg'*
11 Miiin il, a Representative of the
Mill Creek Distillery.
A short card from George Ilnbholl,
secretary of tho Mill Creek Diatilery
Compauy, has beon published, in which
ho concludes as follows : "If Commis
sioner Mixson uays I evor offered him,
directly or indirectly, a dollar in any
shape whatover ho states what is ab
solutely fal o."
Colonel Mixson has giveu out a reply,
in which ho says :
I havo been drawn into this vory re
luctantly and had hoped that tho mat
ter had blown over aud I would uot be
required to say anything, but as a man
who is jealous of his honor and ono
who is not afraid to resent an insult,
I am forced to make the following
statement of facts :
I have beon connected with the dis
pensary since tho first conception of tho
scheme and was in charge under Sena
tor Tillmau's direotion when the build
ing was being put in fix for bottling,
Mr. Traxler, then tho commissioner,
being at his homo in TimmonsviUe,
quite ill with typhoid fever. After
Mr. Traxlor's recovery and return, I
was retained in tho cupacity of super
intendent, which posltiou 1 held until
Mr. Traxler resigned, and I was hon
ored with tho appointment.
During my term as superintendent I
naturally discovered that tho bulk of
tho whiskies bottled by us was pur
chased from Mill Creek through Mr.
George Hubboll, who was frequently
down here. 1 also discovered that iu
making these purchases Mr. Hubboll,
or Mill Creek, I should say, was re
quiring and being paid an intorcst on
them aftor ."50 days, each 30 days call
ing for more or bigger interest.
On being appointed commissioner in
January, J<S05, and being in possession
of these facts of intorost-bearing ac
counts, and not intonding relieving Mr.
Traxler till February 1st, I commenc
ed to look around and see if I could not
do something bettor lor the Stato and
save, at least, tho thousands and thous
ands of dollars being paid in interest
to Mill Creek. About January 20,
some ten days or perhaps more before
I took charge, Mr. Hubnell showed up
and was anxious to ascertain if I in
tended to continue the trade with him.
My reply was, "That depends." Ho
asked, "Depends on what'." I re
plied, " On you; I want tho sumo whis- i
kies or better at tho same price or less
with 5 per cent, off as discount or re
bate." He soemed to be utterly dumb- 1
founded and exclaimed : "Do you want i
the earth? " 1 replied, "No, but this I i
want, and this I intend to havo." He i
then wentou to say that my proposition i
was one that ho nor no ono else could .
entertain and wanted to know if 1 had
calculated the 5 por cent. off. lie inquir- j
oil when I would be in tho market for i
purchases, and upon being told that it |
would take several days after February j
1st to make the transfer, he asked me j
again for the purchases, if i should ?
need anything before he returned in ;
February. 1 told him, "Only on my j
On assuming the duties, Fob. 1, I \
very soon discovered that 1 needed |
some Bourbcn whiskies and wired him: .
"Same whiskey, samo price, 5 olT ; j
tond me X and XX Bourbon." I re- ]
ccived a wire in reply : "Will ship at ,
once." A fow days after this I received ?
a letter saying . " Your telegram or- |
dering Bourbon roolevcd, and knowing ,
from its being a wire that you were iu t
need, we hasten to make shipment, j
but we cannot givo you the terms, \'o."
I immediately wired him : "Order ,
cars back ; won't received them only J
on my terms." In a few hours I re- ,
ccived a wire : " Cars too far advanced ,
to order back ; receive them on your
terms." In due course the cars ar
rived and woro received. Bili for
same came in with 6 per cent, oil" and
I do not recollect when nor how often
Mr. Hubboll cume to see me in the few I
months that followed before tho fol
lowing occurred :
He asked mo to take him into the
sample, room and show him the XXX
ryo that I was purchasing. I did so,
und whilo in there alone, he and 1, he
offered mo his XXX rye at tho same
prico he had formerly sold it to tiio
Dispensary with the interest on, for
tho samo price per gallon, 10 por cent,
discount; and, if my memory serves
mo correctly, he made the following
calculation there and then : Cost $2.25
por gal.; 10 per cent, off, makes 22 1-2
conts per gal.; 50 gallons to a barrel
makes $11.25 and 50 barrels to a car
make; $51)2. I said, " Will you put
this discount on the invoices und let it
show up regularly ?" Ho replied that
he could not do so ; that bo was a mem
ber of the trust, but for mo to pay tho
invoices at the regular prico of $2.25
per gallon and ho would return me the
10 per cent oil in cash. This I refused
to do and no purchase has been made
from him by mo.
These are the facts in tho case aud
includes all I have said as to Mr. Hub
bell's offer to mo. If bo says any part
of it is untrue ho is a liar.
F. M. Mixson.
WEEKLY CHOI* m i,i,i ,n
Hot Weather Has a Hurt EffCOt on the
Crops in this Hinte.
Mr. J. W. Bauer, of Columbia, in
charge of the weather bureau, has is
sued the following bulletin to cover
tho week ending Saturday, August 1st :
The heat during tho week under re
view was oxcossive. with thirteen re
portsout of 40 of maxima temperatures
of 100 (>!? above on one or more days.
Tho rainfall came in light, scattered
showers, not confined to any portion
of the Stato, nor covering any con
sfdorable portion of it.
The excessive heat and want of rain
were vory unfavorable for most crops,
and in tho prinolpal ones thoro
was a decided falling off In con
dition. Tho early corn crop ripenod
very fast and fodder from such is strip
ped and saved in lino condition. Later
corn is'inaturing rapidly and is being
stripped sooner than would ordinarily
bo tho case as the leaves woro drying
on tho stalk. While thoro woro somo
reports of corn boing adversely affect
od by the heat, yet tho groator mini
bor of correspondents report no notice*
able injury, but express tho fear that
tho grain will show tho effects of husk
ing. All corn Is so far advanced that
one general rain, or well distributed
showers, would insuro a full c 'Op
Twonty-thrce counties report OOtton
falling undor the adverse weather
which provalled ; eight report either
an improvement in condition or no de
terioration, and in the remaining five
the conditions are variable, donondlng
on locality, soil and rainfall. The
favorable reports ootue from the wes
tern portion of tho Stato, with the
exception of Collcton. The ohlef ef
fects of the heat and dryno-s wer
shedding of squares and half-grow
i bolls, some rust, cheeking of gfcwt
and pr?Mniituro openlug of Immature
bolls. On light, sandy soil tho injury
is most marked, and Is reported to bo
! quHc serious. Open bolls uro noted
from all portions of the State aud pick
ing has begun iu a small wuy in the
more southern counties. On July 28th
and 20th live bales of now cottou were
marketed, boing tho first of the season.
In 1 vi I the lirst bale was marketed
on August 15, In 1805 on August 20.
The early date this year fairly repres
ents tho time the present season is in
advance of an average season, istii
having boon about tho average.
Tobacco is not doing well in certain
sections find fairly well in others.
Curing continues and was favored by
Lowland rlco continues to make
satisfactory growth aud is heading.
Upland rlco, of which less is cultivat
ed, barely held its previous condition.
Sweet potatoes on tho whole con
tinue to thrive, although many adverse
reports are rccoWcd. New potatoes
are largo enough for table use.
Gardens are becoming parched
again, but tho weather wus very favor
able for coast trucking interests.
Cabbages aro being destroyed In Char
leston County by a worm now to the
Cane of all kinds is reported grow
ing very well, and to be in excellent
McLAURIN AROUSED THE PEOPLE.
HIS DEBATE WITH A UOL.1) AD
VOCATE IN OHIO.
Ho Enlightens the Masses on Free
Silver?An Enthusiastic Itcceptioii
to On ly Headed Johnnie.
lion. John L. McLaurin has returned
from Franklin, Ohio, where ho went to
debate tho money question with Mr.
Horr, tho leading gold advocate of the
Northwestern country. That Mr. Mc
Laurin fared well in his debate with
the famed fcold lighter can be seen from
the following taken from the Cincin
Hon. John L. McLaurin, of Bcnnetts
villo, S. C, member of Congress, mem
ber of tho ways and means committee
and ex-Attorney Goneral of his State,
was at tho Gibson yesterday, returning
from tho great debate be held with
Hon. Koswell G. Horr, of Michigan, the
gold bug champion, at Franklin, War
ren County, Ohio. Speaking of tho
great controversy he said : "I was
most agreeably surprised at the recep- ,
tion I received and tho number of silver ,
people present to greet me with enthu- (
slasm. 1 bad expected to encounter an
iceberg, but ou the contrary, 1 found a ,
multitude of my wuy of thinking, j
Thoro were (1,000 people present and 1 ,
could tell by the applause and cheers |
that I received that 1 had fuily half ,
the assemblage with me. Wo made
livo speeches, und during one of mine j
some one raised a picture of Bryan in
tho audience and thousands stood up ,
und cheered and it was fully ten min- |
utes before 1 could proceed. It wus a |
[*rand meeting of the people, and after
it was over Mr. Horr suddenly departed ,
in a carriage and I could not leave for
vn hour, the crowd gathering thick '
iind fast about mo to shake my hand
Etnd 1 will pledge you my word that my 1
right arm is so sore from hearty shakes \
that I can hardly lift it to-day. All 1
this I attribute to tho cause 1 advocate !
Mid the straightforward way in which
I presented it. Mr. Horr got mad when
I pinned the shortcomings of his party 1
:lown to facts. I quoted them from .
Senator Shei man's strong silver speech
made in 18G?, when he was a poor man, *
itnd contrasted that with his utter- 1
ttnees since be has grown to be a mil- '
lionairo and lives in a mar hie palace.
"1 told them that those marble walls 1
uould not shutout from bis cars tho
murmurs ol disapproval and discontent !
occasioned by bis linaneial policy. 1
showed them from statistics bow In ;
their district in 1880 tho number of .
tenant farmers was 21 percent.; in 1800 1
it had increased to 38 per cent., and 4U 1
por cent, of tho farms under mortgage. (
Prices of products were falling all t he .
time, it taking more and moro wheat
and corn to get a dollar, and it is only 1
a question of time when 15 per cent, of
the citizenship will own all of tho rich I
Miami valley. 1 read them something (
from tho records of the Ohio legisla- '
ture, ii joint resolution adopted when
General Grosvenor, now a gold advo- 1
cate, was speaker of the houso of rep- !
rosentatives?something they hud for- '
gotten, it is history, and bore it is :
"Joint resolution relative to the re
storation of the silver dollar to its for- '
mer rank as lawful money :
"Kesolvcd by the general assembly
of the State of Ohio, That common '
honesty to the taxpayer, tho letter and '
spirit of the contract under which the 1
great body of indebtedness was as- 1
sumnd by the United States, and true
linaneial wisdom, each and all demand
tho restoration of the silver dollar to
its former rank as lawful mouey.
"Adopted April 21. 1?77."
"I read them from James G. Blaine's
speeches in 1877 and 1HH0, extracts
which 1 would likotosee printed every 1
day. Here is what .Mr. Blainu said in
the Senate in 1SS0 on the money ques
"On the much-vexed and long-moot
ed question as to bimetallic and mono
metallic standards, my own views, are
sulllcicntly indicated in tho remarks 1
havo made. 1 believe the struggle now
going on in this country and in other
countries for a single gold standard
would, if successful, produce wide
spread disaster in and throughout tho
Commercial worlds. The destruction
of silver as money, anil establishing
gold as the sole unit of value must have
a ruinous 0fleet >>n ail forms of proper
ty except thOSO investments which
yield a fixed return in money. Those
would be enormously enhanced in value
and would gain a disproportionate and
unfair nd/antago over ovory other spe
cies of property. If, as tho most reli
able Statistics affirm, theo are nearly
$7,000,000,000of coin or bullion in the.
world, very equally divided bOtWOt II
gold and silver, it is Impossible to
strike silver out. of existence as momy
without results that will prove disas
trous to millions and utterly disastrous
to tens of thousands.
"I boliovo gold and silver coin to be
the money of the Constitution : indeed
the money of the American people, an
terior to iho Constitution, which the
great organic law recognized as quite
independent of its own existence. No
power was conferred on Congress to
declare either metal should not be
money. Congress has, therefore, in
my judgment, no power to demonetize
cither. If, therefore, silver has boen
demonetized, 1 am in favor of romone
tizing it. If its coinage has been pro
hibited, I am in favor of ordering it to
bo resumed. I am in favor of having
??I told thom that I was glad to'know
that there was ono great daily papor
North of the Ohio river that had the j
courage and honesty to stand by the ]
people in this great suprome struggle,
tho Cincinnati Enquirer, and ' thoy
cheered mo to the echo."
Mr. Toasdale, an enthusiastic yoiftak
J Democratic stlvor ma i and a kJl?*?
? manufacturer of Frank 11 n, waft boa^ (,'i
ploased and improssod with Col. Mo
Laurin's speech that he came on to this
city with him aud persuaded him to
return latjr in the campaign and make
more speeches in Ohio. Ho says it was
tho greatest triumph he ever witnessed
on the hustings, and that Horr, ang
ered und haillod In tho debate, turned
to abuso the South, which his oppo
nent ridiculed and denounced as a
dodging of the issue and a want of
Col. McLaurin camo hero from
North Carolina, and in roply to a
query us to how that State would go,
he said :
"You may go to sleep with tho assur
ance that the Tar Heel Stato Is safo
for Bryan by 25,000. There is no doubt
about it whatever."
"How alsjut your Stato, South Caro
"Oh.it is all ono way thoro; you
hear nothing but silver. Bryan's ma
jority will run 50,000 to 00,000 easy.
Unless there is a complete change in
public sentiment Bryan will swoop
tho country. Watson wou't bo In tho
THE CHANCES AT CIJOMSON.
Provision Made for u Hummer Vaca
tion?The Agricultural Department
Tho board of visitors of Clomson Col
lege made un inspection last week,
and submitted the following report to
tho board of trustees :
To the Board of Trustees of tho Cletn
s.m Agricultural Collogo of South
Wo tho undersigned members of the
board of visitors instituting inquiry
into tho working condition of the col
lcgo would suggest to your board tho
changes which may bo necessary for
1. The two grand divisions of tho
soils aud climates of tho State, are
divided by a lino drawn from Augusta
to Columbiu, tlienco to Cumden and
Chcraw. Thero is now only ono agri
cultural experiment station for tho
whole Stato, viz : At Clcmson, and In
order that all tho peoplo of tho Stato
should receive tho betielit of tho fund
granted by the United States wo would
recommond that if practicable another
agricultural experiment station bo
established south of tho abovo lino
under the charge and supervision of
1. We would suggest that some con
stunt and prcgnaui experiment bo
made by tho experiment station in
crops and plants and the result there
of be brought to tho notice of tho farm
ers by bulletins.
3. That at some period of each year
it short paotioablo course of lectures
in agriculture be. given at eacli county
seat to the farmers of the county upon
the plan commonly known as university
4. That the military feature be strict
ly.limited to what is necessary for pro
per discipline and tactics in order that
more time aud attention he given to
the purposes for which the college was
5. That the college be supplied and
equipped with the best electric appa
ratus and especial attention be given
to a complete and thorough course
in tho science of electricity. The
?mormons increase of all manufactur
ing industries in the State and the
necessity of motive powor furnished
by electricity require that we should
nave the best electrical as well as mc
}b an leal experts to supply our needs.
0. In order to avoid the expense of
fuel for creating motive power for the
jbllcgo we would urge the necessity
if tit once making arrangomonts to
generate lluctrici ty by water und
transmit the power to the college
necessary to run its machinery.
7. That tho library of the college be
?laced in the building by itself away
from tue noise of its present location
md avoiding the risk of loss by tire.
8. That the road to Cherry's cross
u>r be made on a better grade and
not e suitable for an entrance to tho
9. That the telegraph station at Cal
qoud be connected at onco with the
jollege by telephone.
10. That tho bath room In the hos
pital be better fitted up und an ad
litioual batli tub on rollers bo furnish
11. That the term of tho collogo
should be nine months beginning with
the lirst of October and ending on tho
10th of June giving three mouths
vacation during the hot months,
thus saving the health of tho students
und tho expense of travel caused by
the present system of holidays.
12. That nine affirmative votes in
the board of trustees should bo necos
atiry to elect or remove a professor
AUd such votes shall be required to
appropriate money in any case.
13. That such manual labor, farm
work, work in tho experiment station,
bo done by tho students as is consistent
with the proper intellectual training
required by an agricultural and me
14. That in order to properly carry
out the intention of the article of tho
laws requiring a " rigid examination "
by the board of visitors ami u report
to tho board of trustees at its annual
meeting more time should be allowed
The board of visiters aro charged
with the duty of visiting the college
tho last Wednesday in August the
same day as wo aro informed the board
of trustees hold their annual meeting
to which we are to report.
It is impossible to mako ovon a
proper inquiry into the working con
dition of an institution of such magni
tude and doing such a large and splen
did wotk and conferlng suoh inostitqa- .
hie benefits on our people in the .? harJ
time of only ono day. ^
c. I). Tillraan, ohalrman ; J. B. Wat
son. B. I'. Miller, Julian Mitchell, Jas.
Atiest: Jas. M. Moss, Secretary.
At the meeting Of the trustees the
lirst matter considered wus that of
promoting Mr. V. S. ?hlvor, assistant
instructor in the chemieal department
and increasing his salary, which was
Tho vacation matter was then taken
up, and it was finally decided to limit
the term to nine months instead of 10
as heretofore provided, tho sessions to
last from October 1 to Juno 30, in ac
cordance witii tho board of visitors'
suggestion. It was decided also to
erect an electric laboratory ; and to
Strengthon the agricultural depart
ment by tho election of two assistant
?Thoy were getting ready to go to a
social gathering in Dallas, when
Colonel Verger said asldo to his wife:
"What makes you scowl so everlast
ingly. Can't yon smilo and look pleas
ant, like Mrs. Gaily.-"' "You forgot
that she is a widow," replied Mrs.
?What is this
Women talk so mUOh
"It is being able
lontal poiso that