Newspaper Page Text
LAURENS. S. C, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1807.
IN IHM tlOUSK OF KBPIlGtSKNI*A?
Separate Coaches for tho Whites und
Blacks? The Clgnrotto F.vll Is Dolt
Wich und a Tax Imposed.
Mr. Gage's bill to prohibit tho manu
facture and sale of cigarottes was takon
up and passed ovor to permit Mr.
ICpps' bill on tho same suhjcct to be
Mr. Sinklcr said that the United
States court of appeals had recently
decided exactly similar bills uncon
Mr. Atbley moved to strike out the
enacting words of tho bill. IJoth
bills bad been unfavorably reported.
Mr. ttpps thought thr.t it was tiuie
to put a stop to tho lcjury that was
being done to tho youth of tho State by
the sale of cigarettes. He thought
their lives were being endangered.
Mr. Slnkler said, if any (.no could
satisfy him that this law was constitu
tional he would vote for the bill. The
circuit court of appeals had decldtd
adversely to such a bill.
Mr. Winklor knew of no more dam
nable habit to tho youth of this coun
try than thut of stinking cigarettes.
It was a bill to commend iteeif to the
members of tho general ?sflombly.
lie held that the Iowa decision covered
a different ease. 11 i was satisfied that
the bill would stand It it Injured tbn
tobacco industry, let the tonaeoo in
dustry uo rather than ruin the boys of
Mr. Gush man argued that the boys
would purchase Booking tobacco aud
use tLo worst kind of paper to make
olgarettCS. Why not pass a bill if you
are going to do this to include all
kinds of smoking tobacco, cigars, etc.
Mr. de Loach said that ull physicians
agreed that cigarottes ready made
were most dangnrous. That was the
most harmful way in which t- bacco
Mr. Sue r explained the position of
the committee and declared himself In
favor of tho bill.
Mr. Porrltt said they had a law on
this sub joe t which was not enforced.
It was not the province of the general
assembly to legislate parentage.
Mr. Gage did not belong to that class
of in in wbo wanted to lt\l<e cure of his
fellowman, but ho wanted protection
for tho people from this evil. One.
groat evil was tho tendeucy to drink
liquor; the other greatest was tho
Btnoking of cigarettes. He eaid it
was a curst.
Mr. Patton rose when Mr. Gage
asked uny one who did not think It a
oursu to rulso his band, and said ho
bad been ehowing tobacco and smok
ing pipes, oi gars a.id cigarettes for 20
years, and ho submitted that ho was
perhaps a better physical specimen
th.in hlsfrleud. (Laughter.)
Mr. P.k .ton. making a pretty quota
tioh and application, went on to bay
that some men were prono to attack
the pet vees of others.
Mr. Pattoo resumed his argument
on the cigarette hill at the night
session, saying tho worst thing about
tobacco was its cost. Mr. Pattou was
saying that a mother could do more
with a shingle than all tho statutes to
break boys from smoking cigarettes.
Mr. dcLoacb asked Mr. Patton if ,
bo had experienced tho parental obli
Mr. Pattou?Mr. Sneaker, it Is roally
a very funny thing, how all these
newly man led young follows, when
thoy haee been married a few mouths,
think they aro the grand paront* of a
Mr. Patton said thoy had reduced
the prico of whiskey from 10 cents a
drink to .". cents a drink ; now why
would they raise the price of cigar
ettes, the lesser evil. Ho said ho
thought that tho Louse was going to
refuse to prohibit the sale of liquor.
Ho said this cigarotto law would not
stand tho teht of tho courts. Tho
young were already protected. If they
would pass It as a revenue measure,
then it was unjust und discriminating.
Mr. deLouoii replied, Baying that
the smoklogof cigarettes was not to he
compared with the smoking of pipes.
He argued that the dispensa j law de
creases tho drinking of liquor. Mr.
deLoaoh was a reformed cigarette
Mr. do Loach's ambndmcnt to make
the privilege tux H) cents Instead of
25 Cents was then killed, after being
consldorrd again, there being tome
doubt a* to its having boon voted upon
at tho morning session.
Mr. Ashley eft red to amend by
adding tbo following words: "Nor
shall any cigar besohl without comply
ing with the terms of this act, or pipe
be eold without a cane-root pipe stem ;
nor shall any pip-' bo lined more than
three days without bolng cleaned ; and
further that no man shall chew to
baoco more than once." This coated
louil laugbV i*. Or course nothing was
done with the amendment, Tho bill
WU- I ? n ordered to u third reading in
this shape :
Section 1 That no package of
eifisiv ties sold or offered for sale shall
contain more th:tn five cigarottes, nor
shad any package of cigarette paper
sold or offered for sale contain more
then lt'O leaves of length and width
S c. 12 That every such package of
olgarcttes or olgarotto paper shall I
have thereon a privileged lax stamp I
as hi rolnafter provided for, which (
shall be furnished to dealers in cigar
ettes or cigarette paper by tho county |
treasurers of the counties of this state |
at a ( Ost of 2~> een's oaoh, ami the pro
ceeds of tho sale of s ieh stamps shall
beheld b, tho county treasurors sub
ject tv> the warrant) of the boards of
couuty commissioners like tbo funds
for ordinary county expenses.
s io. 3. That the privileged tax stamp
for oigsrotlos or olgarotto paper shall
b<) in form as follows; " Number?,
Stato of South Carolina: This is to
cortify that the privilege tux of this
package has boon paid to tho county
treasurer,-, Comptroller G' naral,
S. C." Tho same shall bo litl. iph
cd In tho handwriting of tho pi .sent
comptroller genoral, and his successor
In offl jc, as tho eamo are needed, and
shall hoof convenient sizo and shape
and muollaged in such convenient way
as the comptroller general shall direct,
and shall be furnished by tho comp
troller general to tho county treasurers
upon demand, who shall account for
them and the sales of each yoar to the
Seo. 4. That all persons violating
any of tho provisions of this act shall.
Upon conviction thereof, pay a line of
not less than if>() no* inoro than $100,
or Imprisonment with or without bard
labor for not less than 20 nor moro than
THE jim CUOW CAU BILL.
When Mr. Caughman'aJimCrow car
bill, which had boon unfavorably re
ported, was called up Mr. M-.tares
moved to strikeout tho enacting words.
Mr. Caughmsn defended his bill. He
thought It w is thiir duty to legislate
for tho benefit of the Cauoaslan race
in tho future. He waa fully awaro
that this hill hud been fought over
evory two years since '70. Ho feared
that as tho yoara rollod by interinar
murriairoof the ruocs might como. Ho
argued that tho railroads would not
suffer. Ho urged tho fact that moat of
tho other Southern States had such
Mr. Reynolds said that tho unfavor
able report of tho committee was of
course of weight in this natter. He
aaid there hud been a growing feellDg
that thla legislation was unnecessary.
The course of such bills in 20 years
showed that. The deBire for the bill
grew out of tho race problem. It was
the idea of the thing mo'o than tho
reality which made some pooplo want
t.'iia act. What was tho necessity for
this radical change.
Mr. Pollock, of tho rallroud commit
toe, resented the statement of Mr.
Caughman that tho enmmlttco had
hoard railroad men on tho bill, when
they hadn't notilied him of t lie consi
deration. He auld that a railroad rep*
rtftcntativo did appear before tho com
mittee, but the committee ilidu't care
to hear auything special on tho sub
ject, because the subject has been dis
cussed for 20 years and every man,
possibly, hud hit mind made up on tho
Hubpot. He could tee no ai-tfument in
the fact that other States.iiud passed
such a law. South Carolina was sup
posed to be the best judge of hor own
nccGn and there was no demand for
such u bill. Usually the travel in tho
State was not so large as to require
separate ceaohes. Color was not tho
only consideration any way. Ills ex
pcrlenco was that colored men in Urat
olnsH coaeiiea ulwuya behaved them
selves decently and respectfully. Ho
saw no necessity for the bill.
Mr. Kinard, of Abbeville, said ho ho
lievud in keeping tho negroes separate
from tho whito gentlemen and ladies.
The race question is a deep one and
the only way to sottlo it ia to keep a
well marked line botwecu them under
Mr. Cuahman said he had never
heard any complaint ns to the opera
tion of the law where it is in force. If
the la^v is needed In other States, to
much more do wo nood it, for our col
or?d population is much greater in
proportion than it is in other States.
Lt would r< quire no hardship ou tho
ruilrouds, because a simple division of
u passenger car into two compartment s
would he sufficient.
Mr. Reynolds said tho trouble about
n grocs was Infinitely greater on street
oars. Make this apply to them and
drive them out of business.
Ml*. I^tii d said with all dmi deference
to I bo colored man and his rights, he
must raiso bis voloe in behalf of this
bill. To v<>to to kill this bill w<.'8 to say
that they upproved of negroes riding
in cars with their v* ives and daughters.
Mr. Rogers suid the te ndency of this
age tvaa to deolde all such questions in
tho light o( their utility. This wa* a
question which roee far above utility
and all qm stions of expense,
Mr. S'urkle had always favored tho
J im Grow car bill.
Mr. Pollock went for Mr. Kinard in
quite u warm manner in regard to his
assertion that the practice of tho races
traveling in tho same coaches was an
incentivo to umalgaraation.
Mr. Rogers temarked that if it wero
possible ho would liko to see the ne
groes blotted out of the Stato.
Mr. Kmurd spoke of tho water closet
problem, urging that matter. Ho said
that none id tho arguments against tho
bill wero sound.
Mr. W. S. Smith said they needed
the bill badly in the lower portion of
the Stato. Ho argued for somo time.
Tho previous question was th*?n call
ed on the wholo matter. The House
refused to strike out the enacting
words by a veto of 80 to 19, aa follows:
Ay^s?Anderson, Hedon, Childs, Col
cock, Davis, C. M.; Davis, W. 0.;
Gudsden, Gage, Hiott, HollIs, Meares,
Mehrtens, Mitchell, MoKeowo, Pol
lock, Pyatt, R ynolds, Thomas, J. P.,
Jr., Vincent ?19.
Nays?All. Armstrong, Asbill, Ash
ley, Austell, Uacot, Hailey, a inks,
B ithune, Biy the, Broeland, Carraway,
Careen, Caugbman, Crum, Cuehman,
Davis, G. W.J ? deLoaoh, Dukes, Ed
wards, Efird, Epps, Fox, Garris. Cas
que, Glenn, Goodwin, H. P.; Goodwin.
O. P.; Graham, J. S.; Graham, T. A.;
Harvey, H v/alden, Hendor.ou, Humph
rey, [Iderton, Johnson, Kennedy, Kd>
lor, Kinard, H. J.; Kinard, J. D.;
Lancaster, Lay ton, Lester, Limehouse,
Magill, Mauldln, Miloc, Miller, J. E ;
M?ler, J H ; Mlahoo, McDanlel, Mo
Luii in, Mo White, Owen, Patten, Per
rltt, Poi'lips, Piyler, Price, Prince,
Rttinsford, Robinson, Rogers, Russell,
Simkins, Smith, J. R.; Smith, W. S.;
Spoor, Sturkie, Sullivan. Thomas, W.
U.; Timmorman, Toole, Verner, Woll
lug, Westmoreland. Wingo, TFinkler,
Williams. Wyohe, Ynldell.?80.
Mr. Pollock then offered to amend so
as to give the railroad commission au
thority to order Jim Crow cars put on
when in their judgment it became nec
Mr. Smith opposod any amendmont
from anybody or any of tho members
of the committee. Tlioy wanted tho
hill passed as It was. Aft?*r a littlo
so..' b awe mi Messrs. Smith un.l Pol
lock, the former moved to table tho
amendment, but withdrew the motion
to lot Mr. Pol look advocate his amend
Mr. Yeldell said that unless thia
amendment went in. the bill would
have *o ba ? xtenslvoly amended. He
i uucht It should bo left to the rail
Mr. Pollock's amondment wns tlion
Mr. Mearen winfced to amend so m
to make it eff ? > on November I,
ns u substitute for thlf, Mr. S tinkle
i fi -red to am >nd ho a to provide for
nurses, v( itlbillod trains, etc., and to
make iho uet eff ictive July l. 1SU7.
Mr. Mearns Insisted on tho date bo
hud suggested. Tho House refused to
let it Stand un>,il November.
Mr. Sturkio's amondmout wu< then
Mr. Gadsden then offered nn amend
ment to do away with tho second-clans
fares, in ordor to put this Stato on a
footing with the other Southern States.
Mr. Townsend moved to tahlo this,
and It was done.
Mr. McL-airin offered to amond so us
to make tno road, carry separata sec
ond-class as woll as first-class coaches.
Mr. Sturkio opposed this, saying it
would work a hardship on all roads.
Tho amendment was then adopted.
Mr. Own offered an amendment
looking to the elimination of all rof
eronco to slavery from the bill, but
the House tabled it.
Tho bill was then orderod to a third
reading in this shape:
Sec. 1. That all railroads or railroad
companies engavrd in this Stato as
common carriers of passengers for hiro
shall lu>*nish separate apartments la
first and second-class coaohos or separ
ate first and second class coaches for the
accommodation of whlto and colored
pa4*ong?rs ; provided, equal accommo
d ttions shall ho ftuppllcd to all persons,
without distinction of race, color or
previous condition, In auoh ooaobes.
Seo. 2. That any liest or seooad-class
cd .eh of such currier of passongers
? may be divided into apartments by a
substantial partition, in lieu of sep
Sec. 3. That should any railroad or
railroad company, its agents or em
ployees violate tho provisions of this
act, such railroad or railroad company
shall bo liable to a penalty of not more
than 1500 nor less than $300 for each
violation, to be collected by ault of any
eiti/.oi. of this State, and the penalty
shall be equally divided between the
citizen bringing the suit and the State
of South Carolina.
Sec. -4. That tbo provisions of this
act shall not apply to nurses on train ,
or to relief trains in cases of accidents
nor to through vostlbulod trains.
Sec. 6. That tho provisions of this
act shall not go Into effect until July 1,
HILL. AUF AS A TBACHBR,
The Coit of u Good Dinner?How
Knowledge is Acquired and Ills
There is no column In a newspapor
that is so attractive and Instructive as
that do; oted to questions and auswers.
Indeed, if any whole page wore tot
apart to tl.is mode of diffusing knowl
edge, it would all be road.
There are hooks enough, of course,
but. tho masses of tho people have not
got lht>m and can not buy them. Cy
clopedias aro expensive, but almost
every successful uowapaper is well
t quipped with such works and can
readily refer to thorn and answer tho
1 was ruminating about this hecuuso
o' tho eagerness with wbiob my own
family peruse all the questions in The
Constitution and The liomo and Farm
and then make research to answer
thorn. I once bad quite a valuable
library, but about thlrty-tbreo years
ago some vandals calling themselves
soldiers did feloniously tuke, steal and
carry it oway, and I have not been able
Since to supply Its place ; nevertheless,
wo have more* books than tho avorago
family and find greut comfort in them.
Tho Evening Constitution promises
its readers u symposium of ten histori
cal questions every woek?and while
the people are seekiug tho answers,
thoy unftvoidab'y come across much
interesting and valuable Information.
My folks hud to read the biographies
of ull the presidents, from Washing
ton to Jackson, before they found out
which of them was married twice to
the same lady. This is a good method
of diffusing knowledge, and it is grati
fying to note hor/ many responses aro
made by tho young people. It is a
pleasant mode of teaching without
constraint or discipline. Tho reward
Is small, but tue a?Q'iMt'on of knowl
edge is profitable and enduring. Then
the re in a dare, a banter, a competition
about it that makes it inviting.
Nothing flatters an old man's vanity
more than to be appealed to for infor
mation concerning such thing?. He is
proud to have the young people look
up to him as a philosopher, a historian,
Solomon says: "Get wisdom; get
understanding." Lord I3acon says :
" Knowledge is power," and Shake
speare says : "Knowledgo ia tho wing
with which wo fly to heaven." Most
of us get our knowledge from books?
from the brain of other peoplo who
have gone before; but that obtained
from thoughtful observat'on and expe
rience in the better kind. Long, long
ago I kuew an old man who had no
books and could hardly writo his name,
yet his knowledgo of things around
him?of the changes of tho moon and
tbe forebodings of the weather ; tho
growth of piants ; the habits of fowls
and fishes, and tho structure of ani
mals was remarkable. I was glad to
be a pupil nader such a master.
The other day I thought to show oil
a Pttlo of my learning at the dinner
table. It was not an extraordinary
dinner, r.r.d I asked what did it cost.
Thoy figured it out to be about 75 cents.
Then I remarked that the capital in
vested in procuring this unpretending
meal was not less than five hundred
millions of dollars and gave employ
ment to tlve million men, for it takes
many ships and many railroads.
Tho pepper in this little box was
grown in the Eaet Indiee, 10,000 miles
away. It grew on a little vino about
eight feet high and not less than five
years old. It was green when gather
ed, and was then dried in the sun until
it turned black. The whito pepper is
made by taking the black shell off
before it is ground. Tho vino is said
to be very beautiful and the natives
use the root for a bevorago that intoxi
cates them just like tho Mexicans use
the magyar plant or tho Americans
tholr rye and corn. So you seo that
slnco the day of Noah tho peoplo of
every nation have found something to
exhilorate or make them drunk. Well, I
it took a ship and 1,000 miles of rail
road to brine this pepper here. Then
hero is the tea that is brought all tho
way from China and the coffee from
South America and Mexico. The end
fi-h we had for breakfast came from
off tho coast of Maine. This piece of
boiied ham came from Kansas City.
This bread was made from Hour that
wan ground from Dakota wheat. This
salt, came from the Indian reservation
In New York State. This Worcester
sauco came from London. These can
nod poaches oamo from California.
Tho spices that aro in this cake, tho
cinnamon and mace and nutmeg came
from tho Moluccas or Spfoe islands in
the Indian Archipelago. And tho
cloves that you uso eamo from over
there. Cloves, you must know, are
the little short black hobnails that the
cobblers drive in the heels of peasants'
shoes und the spice resembles thorn so
muoh that it took their name. Cloves
are not the, fruit nor tho soed of tho
troo, hul is the. bloom plucked and dried
b :fv>ro it has quite oponod. A great
naturalist says that the clove tree is
tho most beautiful, tho most elegant
and the most precious of all known
trees. It Is about forty feet high and
lives to bo 100 years old. Wouldn't
you liko to havo one in tho front yard?
And there is another fragrant fruit?
tho citron of commerce ttiat you use
in your fruit cake. It takes a big ship
U> bring thut hero from Italy and the
macaroni has to come along with it.
Now here are the potatoes and rico
and sugar and cneose thut come from
abroad. Pleaso toll mo what we have
that is homo made or homo gre.-n
within the limits of Bartow county ? "
"Corn bread and butter and butter
milk," was tho roply.
Well, wo could live on that," said
[, " Suppose wo try it for a year and
seo how it works. It looks like a shame
to havo 1500,000,000 and fivo million
men omployed to got us a dinner."
" Suppose wo wait till next week ? "
said my wif.*. " Wo aro going to havo
compauy tomorrow. By tbo way, you
didn't mention this linen damask table
cloth that came from Belfast, nor
these knives that Hogers made in
England and the Ivory handles that
came from tho jungles of India. All
of these dishes came from somewhere
up North, and so did this extension
table and that side board."
" No," said I, " wo never had any
thing but negroes and cotton beforo
the war. Tnoy tooki too negroes
' away from us and have run the cottor
down to 4 and C cents, but we still
livo, poor und proud, thank the good
Lord for His moroles."
"Yes," said my wife, "better is a
little with tho fear of the Lord than
threat treasures and troublo therewith.
That is what Solomon says, but I want
a good dinuer as long as I can get it."
" And Solomon added another pro
verb," aaid I, " that just fits our ease:
' Better is a dinner of herb.-? whero
love is than a stall-fed ox and hatred
" Well," said she, " thero Is no ne
cessity for tho dinner of horbs whero
thero is no hatred, but if you wish to
try tho corn-bread and butter-milk i
you shall havo It every day. It will
soon bo timo for you to plant your J
garden and raiso tho herbs. Tho rest
of us will take somo of tho ox a while
So you 8p.o how It Is. I have lost my
Influeneo aud see no hope of family
reform at the dinnor table.
WHAT SHALL WE KAT ?
Tho Importance of Fruit and Grain
in tho Diet?Tho Apple is tho Kin;;
Of Fruits for lleultli.
I a\ - >/L.wu neurd my oeloved father
61 y : " If tho Master closes one door
lie will open othors." All through
l y sutlering lifo I havo found this
\ rifled and particularly so in this
\ jar's abundant supply of apples, the
pouch crop being short. lu an emer
gency the " fruit tablets, orange juice,
or tho bowl of hot water with itsslico
i f lemon " is of infinite service, as they
j-ct quickiy, but as a rule it is best to
eepend on tho daily use of fruit juices.
Tho uso of fruit is increasing yearly ;
only a littlo ar uinent is needed to
ergo a more liberal use of it in sick
ness and in health. Nothing Is moro
grateful to tho convalescent than de
licious fruit julcos, which have often
proved a specific in various diseases.
If our bilious friends would leavo
tholr liver pills and study naturo in
her most amiling aud bounteous mood
and would ullow her to tempt them as
Eve tempted Adam, they would take
to fruit and try pleasant, natural and
healthful methods. The best food Is
the purest, tho most nourishing and
that which requires tho least outluy of
time and monoy in preparing and sorv
ing. Nothing answers to this descrip
tion more perfectly than fruit. The
more dependence on fruit and tho lees
on meat and other stimulating food
tho better for tho health. If our diet
is largely of fruit wo require very littlo I
nddltionul liquid, and that contained
in Jruit is tho nuiest sort. Tho app'o
is tho king of fruits. It la even claim
ed for it that if eaten at each meal it 1
will cure drunkenness. They should
bo eaten before breakfast aud dinner to
got tho best results.
I do not think wo fully appreciate i
tho value of tho applo as food. It is
more nutritious than tho potato and is
of special value to brain-workers and i
peivons of sedentary habits. It la a
natural antidote to most of the ills
flesh is heir to. It is full of acids and
aromatic qualities, which act as re- 1
frigcrants and antiseptic*, and is an l
enemy to jaundice, indigestion and I
torpidity of tho liver. It is a gontlo
spur and tonic to tho whole biliary
system. A good, ripe, raw applo is '
one of the easiest substances for tho >
stomach to deal with,
It was a favorite saying with Bron- l
son Alcott, "Eat apples and live for
Without question, then, fruit and. '
grains constitute the ideal diot, the
food on which the higher and more
splrltnally-minded typo of humanity
is to dopend for nourishment. Naturo
is a hotter chemist than man and
naturo has packed within envolopes of
various forms and hues those cxquislto
acids, flavors and essences which in
some subtle way sustain every portion
of tho system.
"Comfort mo with apples," says
Solomon in his song. " Amen," I add,
and may wo all lind comfort in this do
I halted at a pleasant inn,
As I my way was .vending
A golden applo was tho sign
From knotty bough depending.
Mino host?it was an apple tree?
Ho smilingly received me,
And spread his choicest, sweetest
To strengthen and relieve mo.
Beneath his shade I laid me down,
And slumber sweet possessed mo ;
The soft wind blowing through tho
With whispers low caressod n*o.
And whon 1 roso and would havo
My host so open-hearted,
Ho only shook hlb lofty head,
I blessed him, and departed.
Monte Sano, January, 181)7.
THB AVOUNl>ICI) OONPKDBRATB.
Oen. Orant Itel'uHcd to Tuko tlio
t hair of an Injured Prisoner.
The following story is narrated by
Gen. Horace Porter, in his stoiy
"Campaigning with Grant," published
in the Century Maga/ino :
While riding about tho field Gen.
Grant stopped at a house and express
ed u desire to prepare somo dispatch
es. A number of wounded wore lying
upon the porch and in the rooms : they
had made their way thero in accord
ance with the usual custom of wound
ed men to seek a house. It seems to
be a natural instinct, at a house con
voys tho idea of shelter and of borne.
I walked with tho general into a back
room to see whether thero whb a dry
spot which be might take possession
of for a short time, to writo mostages
and look over tho maps.
As wo entered thoro was Boon sitting
in tho only chair a Confederate lieu
tenant of infantry, who had been shot
in tho left cheok, tho ball passing
through his mouth und coming out
near tho right oar. A mass of coagu
lated blood covered his ftico and neck
and ho presented a shocking appear*
anco. Ho arose tho moment wo en
torod, pushed tho chair forward to
ward tho general, and suid, with a how
and smllo, " Hero, take my chuir, sir."
Gon. Grant looked at him, and replied:
" Ah, you noed that chair much moro
than I ; koop your seat. 1 see you uro
badly hurt." The ofli.an- answered
good naturedly : " If you folks let me
go back to our lines I think I ought to
bo ablo to got a leavo to go back homo
and hoo my girl ; but I reckon she
wouldn't know mo now." Tho goncral
said, "I will aee that ono of our sur
goona does all In his power for you,"
and then stopped out of tho room. He
told one of tho surgeons who was
dressing tho wounds of our own men
to do what ho could for tho Confeder
ate. Wo did not hear what became of
him aftorward. Ho probably novor
know that ho had boon talking to tho
general in chief of the Yankee armies.
Tho dlspatchos wero afterwards writ
ten in unotner room.
I ?Seven miles an hour is tho cam
ol's limit, nor can It maintain this ruto
' over two hours. Its usual 8poud i, five
miles an hour.
THE HISTORY OF THE DISPENSARY LAW.
HOW IT WAS BROUGHT ABOUT.
Athens, Ga., Devised the I'lan to Pro
vein a Return to tho Saloon System
?Larry Guntt Proposed it aft a!
Compromise in South Carolina.
Piedmont Headlight, Feb. 12.
A great deal has been said and writ
ten about tho dispensary law, und in
order thut the true history of this at
tempt to control tho liquor business
muy bo known, wo havo decided to
give an authentic uceount of the (irst
law, and how it camo to ho iutroduced
in South Carolina.
For six years the city of Athens, Ca.,
had tried total prohibition, and the
experiment was a farce. D?ring tho
last year of prohibition there were
over u hundred bar-rooms in tho plaou,
many of them licensed by tho U. S.
government, and run almost openly.
Some of the drug stores also sold whis
key, and boing operated by physicians,
tho law could not reach them. When
arraigned before court, they claimed
that tho liquor had boon prescribed
and furnished as a mcdieiue, and juries
acquitted prisoners without leaving
their soats. While many indictments
were found with tho exception :>f a few
negroes, not a single conviction of a
man who could employ a lawyer was
made. Those bar-room drug stores
mado a great deal of money, and the
proprietor of ono told tho senior editor
of Tho Headlight that the last year
prohibition was in force his not profits
wero over $11,000. Any ono who de
sired could buy all the whiskey ho
wantod, only tho purchaser had to got
a prescription, that would last ir.de
liuitely. 'It is said that during tho
prohibition era a stranger went into a
drug store and asked tho proprietor to
prescribe for him. "That's all right,"
was tho reply; "I'll Bet you straight
in a minute," and wrapping up a quart
bottle of whiskey handed it out. Tho
customer opened the package, and
seeing what It was replied, "Why, 1
don't want this stuff; lama prohibi
tionist. I want a doso of pills as my
liver is deranged."
Tho people of Athens becamo thor
oughly di?gusted with this farce of
prohibition. Thoy saw that so far
from liquor drinking decreasing, that
It was oontantly growing, whilo their
city was deprived of tho license from
bar rooms. So another petition for an
eleotion was gotten up, und soon it be
camo apparent that the county would
go by nn overwhelming majority for
Tho Stato University is located in
Athene, and tho Legislature threaten
ed that if bar rooms wero voted back
it would withdraw tho appropriation
from that institution, which would se
riously injure tho town. Many citizens
and property-owners did not desire i
this, but they also saw that their cause
wus lost unless something could be
done to divide tho liquor vote. But i
they wore at soa.
Tho senior editor of Tho Headlight
was living in Athens at that time, and
ono day, whilo walking up College
avenue, wo wero called to the Ii. I.
Smith corner by Hon. T. \V. H?cker, a
prominent lawyer of that city, and
now Assistant District Attorney in
Georgia, who wa^ talking with Capt
John W. Brumby, a leading citizen of
Athens, ii an those gentlemen had
supported- tho prohibition cause, and
they wore vitally interested in the
prosperity of their city.
Mr. H?cker statod that unless some
thing was done that liquor would carry
tho election by a thousand majority,
und that it would pull down the Uni
versity and seriously injure the. future
of Athens. Ho buid he had devised a
plan by which ho thought a compro
mise could bo made, and wanted to
get our opinion thereon. He then
outlined tho dispensary scheme, stat
ing that he believed the peoplo would
be satisfied with this. We heartily
agreed to his proposition, as likewise
did Capt. B uraby, and Mr. H?cker at
once went to his ollico and drew up u
bill to bo submitted to the Legislature,
and got the promise of all the leading
prohibitionists in tho county to work
for ita enactment. And just hero we
will state that this dispensary sugges
tion was devised by Mr. H?cker before
ho had heard of tho Gothenburg sys
tem, and it is entirely original with
Tho campaign was at ouce started
on new lines, and tho prohibition
speakers all began to talk dispensary.
Of course it met with hitter opposition
from tho advocates of barrooms. Hon.
l'opo Barrow, ox-United States Sena
tor, and now ono of the leading law
yers of Savannah, denounced the
proposition from the stump, and said
lie would risk his legal reputation that
such a law would not stand the test of
the Supremo Court. Capt. W. H.
Burnett, and other brilliant lawyers,
fought tho proposition from every
stump in tho county. But tho idea
took with tho people, and many
changes wore mado. The election
came off, and both sides wero at tho
polls. Tho vote was (dose and hotly
contested. Mr. Will Dorsey took olT
his coat against tho dispensary, und
had ho been supported strongly would
havo carried tho day. But when tho
vote was counted it was found that the
liquor mon wero defeated by only
In accordance with thoir promise a
committee of Athenians went to At
lanta to got their dispensary bill
through. Hero again they met with
opposition, but as tho members wero
assured that it was a compromise
measure, and tho will of the people, it
was made a law, and the first dispen
sary in America opened its doors.
But there Is some difference bo
tweon that Athens hill and our South
Carolina dispensary law. In Athens
tho receipts aro divided between tho
town and county, in proportion to the
taxes paid In each. There is a hoard
of throe commissioners, who are paid
ono hundred dollars each year, and in
order to alienate business from politics
thoy olect their own successors. Not
oxcecding 50 per cont. prolit is charg
ed on liquors. Any person can bring
a carload of whiskey for h's own use,
but whon a sale <a mado a lino of from
$100 to $500 is imposed. This little
Athens dispensary proved from the
start a financial success, and in a coun
ty with loss than 16,ouo Inhabitants,
the not annual profits range from
$12,000 to $15,000. There are no con?
staldos omployod, and tho city police
force are instructed to look after blind
tigers. Whilo there is some dissatis
faction over tho law, a large majority
of tho people of that city endorse it,
and tho liquor men havo never dared
to call another election.
The above Is tho true history of
tho dispensary experiment, and to
Col. T. W. H?cker, now a oltlzon of
Atlanta, Ga., and Capt. John W.
Brumby, aro duo whatovor praise or
censure it morits.
Now to tho introduction of this law
into South Carolina. Tho first Legisla
ture that convened after the senior
odltor of this paper moved to Columbia
was elected on tho prohibition issue.
A separate box had been set aside for
the voters to express thoir desires, and
as the liquor men took but little part
in tho contest they wero overwhelm
ingly defeated, and h largo majority of
tho members wore committed by their
constituents to prohibition. Partisan
feeling then ran very high, aud Gov.
Tilltnan had auuounced his Intention
to sign any bill tho General Assembly
should pass regulating tho liquor traf
fic. Wo believe that a majority of the
members felt that prohibition was im
practicable, and would prove a failure,
but they pledged their people to obey
their commands as recorded at tho
ballot-box, and tho voters had decided
Mr. Roper, afterwards private sec
retary for Senator Butler, had pre
pared a very lengthy prohibition bill
of tho strictest character, and it went
through the llouso like a Hush aud was
scut to tho Senate, whero It would
havo assuredly been made a law.
We had seen, while living in Geor
gia, probibltion tried, aud knew that
it would do anything else than pro
hibit. We urged somo of tho loading
Reformers to let the thing alone, aud
adopt high license, with strict police
surveillance over bar-rooms, with no
sales to bo made alter sundown, the
license to be divided between tho
tow- und county equally. Wo believed
that this compromise could have been
effected, but the members from sonic
of our largo cities would not hear to
any division of tho license fees with
the country, and neither would they
consent to rostrloting the number of
hours. Wo stated to a lea ing Re
former that did this Legislature pass
the Roper bill it would bo farewell to
the Farmers' Movement, for tho next
coutest in our State would bo fought
on the lino of Liquor vs. Prohibition,
aud there wouldn't be enough of tho
Reform movement left to wait a gun
Seeing that no compromise would
be made, wo wrote to Hon. H. C. Tuc'.c,
mayor of Athens, Ga., to send us at
onoe a copy of their disnensary act.
lie did so, together with a oound vol
umo containing a number of laws en
acted in that State to regulate liquor.
This book we presented to tho State,
and it is probably now in tho library
Wo carried this law to Gov. TUlman,
who seemed impressed with it. He
hud a conference with lion. John Gary
Evans, then in the State Senate from
Alken County, and tho result was the
withdrawal of tho Roper prohibition
bill and the substitution of our present
Wh lo the bill was on its final read
ing iu the Senate, we culled Senator
Evans into tho rotunda, and told him
to take his knifu and cut all of that red
tape from around his bill and simplify
it ; that there was no necessity for the
constable feature, for If the State went
into tho liquor business eho must ex
pect to compete wth outsiders. Sena
tor Evans partially agreed with our
views, but remarked that the bill was
a comprcctoo they had to make with
tin prohibition is ts in tho Legislature
ami to amend the same would be
equivalent to its defeat.
Well, tho bill passed, and is now a
law in South Carolina.
A SlNSAIION in the town of union.
ATTEMPT TO IUJKN A NEW BANK
Rosin, straw, oil and lighted. Candle
In the Collar?Statement from Dr.
W. M. Meador, Accused of Hie
The most astounding sensation was
sprung upon the people of Union on
Tuesday morning, Oth inst., 1 elating
to an attempt made the night before to
si t lhv lo a handsome block of buildings
just OJluplotcd. Tho New Era makes
the following statement:
Tho new hank building just being
finished, is the largest, and by far,
the handsomest building in town, be
ing four stoiies high. The first and
second Hoor was linishcd ti"st, and the
Union Drug Co. went into one of the
rooms and fitted up one of the lim st
drug stores in the up country and the
Merchants' and Planters' Dank have
just moved into their handsome apart
ments in the same building.
It Is staled that Dr. Meador last
Monday night after leaving the store,
started for home, but was seen by a
parly to return after a few minutes
and unlock the door and enter without
striking a light. The party noticed
that no light was made, and ho awaited
developments. lie siiy? he finally saw
the De. come out and lock the door
and departed hurriedly around the
corner, and down the street. Suspect
ing something wrong a key was ob
tained, and a policeman was hunti d
up and together they entered the dl'UjJ
store, and began looking around, A
lantern was found on the II jor discon
nected, which aroused more- suspicions
and they finally went down into the
cellar, when only a few steps down a
light was discovered in the cellar and
upon investigation it was found to bo
a short lighted candle and around tie
candle was piled shavings or straw and
rubbish, all of which were saturated
with kerosene oil, and very near the
candle stood a barrel of rosin also
saturated with kerosene oil. Within
a fow feet stood the oil tank, which
whs surrounded by the litter also sat
urated with oil." Loading from tuo
camllo to the room where the various
barrels of oil were kept there was a
row or trail of rosin. The steps and
landing was also noticed to be wet
with koroseno oil. Tho candle was
burning low and possibly in the short
space of fifteen minutes more the mag
nificent building would have been en
veloped in Mimes. A policeman was
left in chaiyo of tho store to await
developments. Early Tuesday morn
ing, about five o'clock, Dr. Meador
came and went into the store and find
ing tho policeman on guard, asked
him what was up and wiiat he was
doing there? tho policeman replied
that ho had been left there to guard
tho store on account of somo ono try
ing to break in. Tho Dr. asked him
who left him there and he was told that
Dr. Smith and Collen had left him
there. Tho Dr. asked why he had
not been sent for? The policeman
told him he did not know. The Dr.,
afi.or opening and shutting somo draw
ers, went awav in a few minutes.
The Union Drug Company was com
posed of Dr. Moador and Dr. M. T.
Smith, as well as wo can learn.. Tho
co-partnership was dissolved yester
day morning and tho keys wore turn
ed over to Dr. Smith.
Now tlie question arises who put
that lighted candle in that dangerous
place. Should tho building have
caught thero WOUid have possibly b >en
one of the greatest eonllagrations over
scon in Union. It is impossible to
estimate the loss that would havo re
DR. MBAUOR'S STATEMENT.
Monday night K. of P. wore holding
a moottOff at their hall abovo tho drug
store. While they were in BOSSlon I
said to sonior olork of drug store,
Wonder if anybody could see what
was going on up then V" Said hodl ln't
kno '? . I said that tho Woodmen of
tho World mot thoro, and I wont out
I into tho street, looked up and saw only
I tho heads of two men ami I walked
I back and told him what I had soeu.
[ Wo stood there and talked a few
minutes. 1 heard a uoiso upstairs in
ttio hall aud then remarked again to
this clerk that I was going up tho
street to soe If tho windows would
have to bo shaded. Went up as far as
Carolina Drug Store and stopped and
spoke to a man aud told him I wanted
tosco if I could see iu the hall. I knew
ahout tho workiugs of the Knights of
Pythias, but wanted tos;?o if uocossary
to shade the windows, 1 then started
back, got opposite Carson's barber
shop. Ho spoko about a bottle of hair
vigor, I was gone something near !?">
minutes, und when 1 got hack and
opened the door which muk?s consider
able noise the clerk came from behind
the entrance to tho cellar stairway.
As 1 came near ho took out his watch
aud said, " My, I didn't know it was so
late?after 10." I then said it was
time for mu to bo at homo. He blew
out tho lamps. I went out the door
first. Wo wout across to Col. Young's
together. He went down side street.
I went down Main street. Going on I
found Louis Carson talking to some
one and 1 asked him if be was going
homo. Ho said yes, that ho would
overtake me. When ho did so we
walked together as far as my house.
When I got home it was 20 minutes
I get up before day every morniug,
which is known. On that morning at
5 o'clock I wolce with a sick headache,
which 1 occasionally have. I looked
for medicine at home and finding none
suitable, 1 dressed and went up to the
store to got some. 1 readied the store
about 5:30. When I got: hero 1 saw a
light in the store. Knowing that some
ono was there and taking it to ho Col
ton or Dr. Smith I "helloed" to them,
hut the voice of a policeman answored.
I went on around to tho stove and the
conversation took place as related ex
cept 1 told him 1 was very hick and fc,ot
tho headache medicine in his presence
and then walked out and returned
home. The same morning after break
fast I came back to the store and told
Will Colton the policeman said there i
was something wrong last night and I
wanted to know wbat it was. He re
plied that lie did not know what it was. i
The policeman having told me that in <
the early part of the night Colton and
Dr. Smith wore up there, I asked him
if he .vas sure bo didn't know that
anything was wrong. S-iid no ho
didn't. 1 did not tiud out until Dr.
Smith came. 1
My relations with Dr. Smith have I
always been pleasant, but 1 can't saj
us much in reference to my relations !
with one of the clerks. s
I deny emphatically returning to the t
drug store after leaving Will Colton
on Col. Young's corner until ?.iio in the |
morniug, when 1 found tins policeman |
iu charge. Furthermore, I take this ,
opportunity to brand as an infamous
;i-id contemptible liar the person or ,
persons who by insitiU&viOfi.thus seeks ^
to blacken my life, when 1 have tried ,
for nearly lifly years to build up a name
for honesty and integrity. About the
candle, rubbish, straw and oil, poople '
will draw their own conclusion. I had
nothing to do with their placing or ar- 1
Since I have been in Union if any
know aught against me let them say
so. My friends will bear me out that
my actions have always been to the
plumb line and I have been fair and i
square with all mankind, and those
w no are disposed to give credence to ,
this falsehood damaging to me and
mine stop and think that " he who
btc-als my pui'SO steals trash," but be
who HI olios from mo ray good name
takes that which enriches him not
and makes me poor Indeed.
Tho above is my statement. The
people among whom I have lived will
not be busty in jumping at conclusions.
Boforo God 1 nave given a straight
account. Let justice rule.
W. M. MKADOR.
A CA HOL IN A GKN1US.
A Native of Laitl'CllS County Invent
ed the Telephone and Cylindrical
The publication of tbo alleged de
tails of a gigantic trust to control the
price of colton by means of round
oales, and the establishment of gin
series and ooraprosses all over tho south
made by the Alliance organ at Kaleigh
a few days ago, has brought to light
tho fact that the mechanism by svhloh
the round bales aro made, was patent
ed by a Spartanburg county man, who,
strange 10 rolalo, li .be real inventor
of tbe Deli telephone.
This man is Phomas M. Workman
Uu is a farmer and tho ownor of u
traveling saw mill. Tho samo year
that the Bell telephone was patented,
Mr. Workman, then at Liurons. S. C,
showed several meu whose affidavits
can now he bad, tho details of his in
volition. Most of them thought him a
0*'ank wir bo lalkod Of transmitting
the hum* oico by means of olectrl
coy. Hut. .: -v. X. L. Holmes, a scholar
ly and scientific gentleman, was* much
taken with the device., and urged Mr.
Workman to perfect his invention. He
opened correspondence immeuiately
with an electrical bouse in the north,
With parties in Wusbillgton and liually
fell in with Professor Alexander Gra
ham Boll, whose letters are still in
Mr. Workman's possession. At first
he wrote to Boll reservedly in regard
to what he had, but as further details
were desired, and nothing seemed to
promise from his repeated efforts to
engage sympathy and assistance, hu
decided to make a complete exposition
of his invention, which he did, to the
man who securod the most valuable
patent on ' telephone.
ICight years ago Mr. Workman con
ceived '. he idea "f packing cotton in
round bales, lie urged tno identical
arguments now being used by tue cot
ton exchanges and tho alleged cot
ton trust. He went so far as to Invent
and patent a pre s, winch would tu *ii
out a round bale ol cotton in one-fiftieth
of the time that was required to pack
a bale of tho Usual shape, even by the
swiftest presses on the market. Joe
Uailey, a banker and captalist, of Clin
ton, a. 0., became interested In the In
vention and bought half interest which
he stiil holds.
If the threat', nod trust materiali/. :s,
Mr. Work man may yet bo of as much
i porvloo 10 the COtton growers of the
I South as he has been to all who Use
Hie Bull telephone.
?By tho latest report of tho comp
troller of the currency, there are II,070
national bunk-. Toe number is con
stantly changing, because of the cl s
Ing ol old banks ami tbe opening of
now one .
?A man wrote to a scientist that he
had an apple which he. had preserved
for .VI years, and on being requested to
forward it for inspection, ho replied
that lie could not, as it was tho apple
of his eyo.
?To prevent a person from "acci
dentally' taking the wrong coat and
n u upon h aving a puKie plaCO a N.:w
York man ha ? iVOiitod a coat and hat
book which looks the articles fast, tho
I ownor only being ablo to release them.
WAYSIDK <J \TIIIHUNCS.
Bits ot Humor und Nuiritots of Truth
Tor the multitude.
?An oxcollout wash for tho fuoo?wa
?A good road makes short trips and
?London's population iuoreascs about
70,000 every year.
?lo Germany tho census is taken
every live years.
?Half of your worry today is due to N
your neglect yesterduy.
?Religion is like mod lot no?it is tho
overdose thut neutralizes.
?Laplanders often skate in one day
a distance of 150 miles.
?Birmingham Ala., is shippiug pig
iron to Birmingham, Eng.
?It robs tho world for a man of
ability to live in Idleness.
? People who doserve criticism gen
erally look on it as abuse.
?A good habit is a faithful eervunt;
u bad habit is a hard master.
?St. Louis is tho largest tobacco
manufacturing center in tho world.
?The popular idea of reform?'' You
go out and let me como in."
?Au excellent thing to romombor
is that every story has two sides.
?Simplicity of character is tho na
tural result of profound thought.
?Consider well what you can and
ought to do, and bo faithful lu per
?McKinley is another of tho long
list of American presidents who woro
not college graduates.
?Only about one in u thousand mar
ried couples live to colobrato their
?There is a clerk in Marne, Franco,
who has made 17 unsuccessful attempts
to commit suicide.
? Every man knows of a position
superior to his own that ho could fill
much better than the incumbent.
?Newspapers are folded, wrapped
and addressed by a machine recently
patented by a man in California.
?A woman, tho manager of ono of
tho leading insurunco companies in
California, receives $10,000 a your.
?A Cincinnati genius advertisos for
it situation, saying that "Work is not
so much an object as good wages."
? Ono of the public schools of Gor
many lias made it obligatory for all its
pupils to learn to ride*the bieyelo.
?To have a family properly bal
ineed the man should know bow to
Accumulate and tho woman how to
?There are moro wrecks in the
Baltic sea than in any other place in
the world. The average is ono wreck
i <lay throughout tho year.
? Alfred Nelson, a Swedish million
aire, gave ttio most magnificent Christ
mas gift on record. Ho gave
ireralty of Stockholm $1,000 l,or,u >?
?At< the recent election In'y'^ltt. '
the women cast 7,122of tho'*'
polled, or less tbuti 33 per es
about IU percent, of tnti eh'\|?
men voted. " ''1IIU?J
?No man who is intoxicated, or
whose breath is even tainted with
strong drink, is allowed to take his
post on a train on tho Grund Trunk
? Millions of men in India live, mar
ry and rear apparently happy children
upon an income which, even when tho
wiio works, Is rarely abovo f>0 conts a
?A drummer who has been in south
Florida for the past week, says thut
the beef in that section is so tough as
to render it almost impossible to stick
a fork in the gravy.
?The pipe smoked by the new Shah
of Persia on state occasions is set with
diamonds, rubies and emeralds of the
costliest kind, and is staled to bo worth
as much as $100.000.
?St. Petersburg is probably tho
only eity in tho world where, from
year to year, the death rate exceeds
the birth rate. In the 125 years end
ing in there wore 1,539,000 births
and 1,772,000 deaths.
?When a graduate of Cambridge
University, England, commits a crime
iho authorities of tie; university take
his degree from him and strike his
name from the roils of the alumni.
?Mexico produces anything that
can he raised in any other country. So
varied is the climate that in the same
Slate can be raised any product of tho
tropics and of the polar regions.
?A caterpillar in the course of ono
month will devour <>,000 times its
weight in food, it takes a man nearly
three months to eat a quantity of food
qual to his own weight.
?St. Michael's church, London, has
had a large telephone transmitter
placed in tue pulpit, so that sermons
may he heard in a number of hospituls
ami other institutions.
?The superintendent of public
grounds at the national Capitol reports
thut i,315,4711 persons liavo aseondod
tho Washington monument sineo it
was opened to tho public eight yoars
ago in October, 1888.
Not a mile of railroad truck was
laid last year in Nebraska, Wyoming
South Dakota, Nevada, Idaho, Rhode
Island, Arizona, New Hampshire, Now
Mexico, Massachusetts, Connecticut,
and only one mile in Kansas,
Who Died Fikst ? ? Thore la going
to be an interesting litigation in Now
York city over $20,000 of insurunco on
iho life of Aaron Goldsmith taken out
in favor of his wife. He, his wifo and
their three children were burned ito
doath. His brother, Louis Goldsmith
of Chateaugay, N. V., was appointed
administrator of his estate by Surro
gate Arnold on Monday. Goldsmith
left two oilier brothers ami a niece.
The question is whether Goldsmith-m
or his wife died llrst. Kelatives of his
wife coi.tend that tho money comes to
them and that tho administrator of
iier husband will have nothing to ad
minister upon, and they say they will
have an administrator of her ostato
appointed shortly to tako ehargo of
the insurance money.
Counsel who have been consulted
about the case say that under common
law decisions tho law would presume
that the husband, being probably stron
ger than a woman, would survive tho
wifo. Decisions which are pointed out
in support of this view woro oases
where a man and woman had gone
down with a vessel. It was said that
there is no such case on record with
regard to a lire anil that the reason
ing applicable to drownlog would not
pertain to a lire. The proximity of
each of tho porsona to the advance of
the flames, tho character of the cloth
ing they wore and their physical
characteristics, it was said, would also
play their parts. Moreove-, there may
he < valence given to show that the wo
man did, in fact, survive her husband.
I; datives of the woman say they be
Ltovo He y ciin prove that the woman
was beard to scream after tho husband
had been apparontly overcome by the
llainos.?Now York Sun.