Newspaper Page Text
THE DEDICATION OF GRANT'S TOMB,
IMPOSING CK?KMONIK8' AT THE
A MilHon of HpcotatnrH Wltncu* the
Great Parade?A Hcono oi* Wonder
ful Bploudor? PrenldoiU Melilnley's
Tribute to His Illustrious Prede
With military pomp and splendor
never before witnessed in this country,
was dedicated on tho 27th of April the
magnificent monument erected by tho
peoole of tho country to tho memory
of Ulysses S. Grant. Tho ceromonics
took place in tho presence of a great
nult'tudu of people. Six mikt> of
str ets were lined with pcoplo estimat
ed to number over l.ooo.uoo. Ltwaaa
tribute of the populace to the groat
American general f iat has no parallel
in American history. A?; all Ifiuropo
honored Napoleon's interment under
tho dome of tho Invalids, 80 did all
America honor Grant. Thero was
assembled on the high knoll of tho
drive, on tho numerous stands orootod
about the tomb, such a gathering of
men of eminence from far und n ar, as
was strange to ovon cosmopolitan New
York. Standing within the very
shadows of thu monument itself were
the President and Vice President, the
members of his cabinet, all the living
noted generals of tho country, tho
diplomatic corps, representing Great
Brltlan, Germany, France, Russia,
Ohinaand other nations; members 01
Congress, the Governors of scores of
States, members of different legisla
tive bodies throughout the country,
promtnent Confodorate soldiers with
whom iGrant orosoed swords in the
Blxties ft!' i><-tlL Upon honoring the
,n..?.?ury of America's celebrated
The parade from Madison square to
the tomb was a dazzling spectacle.
Fifty thousand men marohed in solid
column amid the hurrahs of the multi
tude. In the North river over 200
crafts of all description joined in the j
doDJOUSlratlon. The warships of the
Noi'vh Atlantic squadron were assem
bled in doubled indented column im
mediately Opposite tho monument and
back of them rode at anchor a Hoot
of foreign warships which gathered
bore In honor of tho oeca-ion. Iin
modlately behind tho visiting ships
was a Hoot of United States revenue
cullers, ami further down the river
were an immense lleet of merchant
Tho ceremonies began with the
marching of the soldiers and civilians
toward the noble temple which
shelters Grant's body. It was 10:.'I0
when Grand Marshal Dodgo gave the
order for the first column to move.
From that hour until- veViUig cho air
wa^M(f)loi<| wy.' Wart'al muslu. Tho
.Jmrr 'trvtc, ?ttrntfg the route were uupi'0
cedented. Hundreds of stauds, euch
seating thousands, had been erected
and were early in the day besieged by
those who were willing to pay any
where from to *10 for a seat. The
greatest crowds were at Park place,
Fifty-ninth street and Fifth avenuo,
the Park circle, Fifty-ninth street and
Broadway, and in the vicinity of the
tomb. Tho crush at the latter place
was enormous and dangerous. The
stands about the tomb and along the
drivoways were particularly jammed :
those just about the tomb seated ap
proximately 50,000 and the other
stands possibly 200,000 more. As tho
marching columns pa>sed the monu
ment on the west side, each column
gave a silent oalute, which was re
peated on the opposite aide of the tomb,
where the men passed in review of the
^ President. The whole lino of march
vWft'^ beautilully dueorated with Hags
X<1 unting. There was bcareely a
?\ ilong the routo whloh did not
\y the national colors. Flags Hew
. housetops, while in many in
nees buildings were almost smother*
ioed behind prof use decorations. The
larger stands were decorated' with
royal purple bunting and American
flags. The speaker'-; desk, at whioh
the President presided, was covered
with the presidential offlolal flag. On
Other stands suspended from poles
wore hung tho 18 army corps ll gs of
the army. From tho tomb Itself there
was no decoration except double- vic
tory palms bound on tho face of each
column of tho front. They were
fastened on the columns with purple
silk, which is tho color used in the
windows of tho tomb to subdue tho
.light from without. On other munici
pal stands were placed the lla?s of tho
foreign countries. In tho centre of
the main stand worked in national
colors was trie motto : " Lot us have
peace." This inscription was also
carved over the facade of tho tomb in
gold letters and was the first thing to
catch the eye at close quarters.
Surrounded by his cabinet, his gen
erals, and his friends, President Mc
Kinley stood and rcviowod tho grand
est military parade overseen in this
city. There woro regular soldiers,
regular sailors, national guardsmen
Of the sea and land forces. Grand Army
veteraus, Confederate veterans, and
the striplings who in tho future may
fight as gallantly as their fathers did.
When tne cheering was at its loudest
and when the wind had somewhat died
away, a touching scene was enacted,
which was seen by few. Silently Mrs.
Grant stole away from the President's
reviewing stand, where she had been
watching the gallant troops go by,
I and, loaning on tho arm of her son,
Col. Orant, made her way to tho tomb,
followed only by the members of tho
Grant family. The bron/.e doors were
opened and tho widow of the hero
; passed from thu outside world into the
quiet of tho tomb. For about ten
.minutes shu stay?d there, and then,
with her faco hidden in her hands, she
left tho scono.
Soon after this. Prcs'dcnt McKinley
went aboard thu Doi, nin amid tho
booming of guns and reviewed the
groat warships that lay in the shadow
Of the tomb. Tho dense crowds still
stayed in their seats and watched the
end; of the land parade. Then when
tho last company had passed out of
sight on tho white roadbed, the
hundreds of thousunds of spectators
sought their homes. All tralllc was
congested i-nd it was hou's beforo the
tide of travel foil to its normal condi
At 11:00 o'clock President McKinley
entered tho speaker's stand and was
followed by tho others who wore, to
participate In tho ceremonies. Thu
President, with bared head, w?s tho
first to on'jr tno stand. Hu leaned on
the a in of Yayor Strong, who knot
his l.-at Oi\ Tno President was loudly
oheCrvJ V i was also cx-PresidontCleve
land, win appeared with ox-Secretary
Tracy. Air. Cluvoland aDd President
McKin'oy shook hands with each
Other, as son as thev mot. TV two
then conversed for a momer' While
v/alting for tho corerp'-uics on tho
stand to commence, President Me
K in ley, Vlco President Hobart and ex
President Cluvob nd had their photo
graphs takon in i group.
Prosldont Mc Clnley sat at tho right
Of tho speaker s platform, wberu bo
was joined by Speaker Thomas B.
Heed, who rem. ined in animated con
versation with tho chief magistrato
for some tlmo E < President Cleveland
and Mayor Stron.' convorsod together
to tholr loft. 'i '^0 first row im
mediately back of 'he platform was
Occupied by tho CJran. party, Colonol
Fred Grant being on th > end escorting
Mrs. U.S. Grant was * "appod Ina
he?yy Bea' capo and over i or lap was
a heavy plaid shawl. She was dressed
in a very heavy baok cropon .lross.
Next to Mrs. Grant wassoa.ed hor
daughter, Mrs. Nollle Grant Sartorls.
and tho other mom bora of the ft mily,
Immediately back of tho Grant U mily
was seated tho mem Oers of tho Presi
dent's family, Including Mrs. McKin
ley, Mr. and Mrs. Abner McKlnloy and
Miss Maude McKinley.
The third row was.occupied by the
lattTcB of tho cabinet, many members '
of tho President's household and their
friends in goneral. Tho exeroisoacom
menced with tho singing of "America.
A solemn Blleneo then fell on tho
crowd as Bishop John 1J. Newman in
voked tho blessing of hcavon on the
coromonios. Many of tho people joined
In tho " Our Father" which concluded
tho bishop's prayer. As noon as the
prelate had taken his seat the hymn of
thanks, " Old Netherland Folk Song,"
was sung by the chorus.
Another mighty cheer arose as Pre
sident McKinley, after the sinking of
the hymn, movod to the rail in the
speaker's stand to deliver his address
Ho was Introduced by Mayor Strong.
PRESIDENT M'KINLEY'S 8PEECH.
"Follow Citizens: A great life, dedi
cated to the welfaroof the nation, here
finds its earthly coronation. Even if
this day lacked tho impressiveness of
ceremony and was devoid of pageantry,
it would be still memorable, because it
is tho annlversarry of the birth of one
of the most famous and host beloved of
"Architecture has paid high tribute
to the leaders of mankind, 'nut never
was a memorial more worthily b( stowed
or more gratefully accepted by a froo
people than the beautiful structure be
fore which we are gathered.
"In marking the successful comple
tion of this work we have as witnesses
und participants In this representatives
of all branches of our government, the
resident officials of foreign nations, the
Governors of States and the sovereign
people from every section of our eoui
I 'ton country, who join in this august
I tr-bnio to the soldier, patriot and cit
"Aim,st twelve years have passed
since tU) heroic vigil ended and the
brave spelt of Ulysses S. Grant fear
lessly tod- its lllght Lineo'n and
Stanton haa preceded him, but of the
mighty captains of the svar Grant was
tin. Brat to bo called. Sherman and
Sheridan survhed him, but havo since
joined him on the. other shore.
"The groat hones of tho civil strifo
on land and sea an for the most part
; now no more. Thomas and Hancock,
i Logan and MoPhersoo, Farragot, Do
pent and Porterand a host of others
have passed forever out from human
sight. Those remaining grow dearer
to us, and from them and tho memory
of those who have departed generations
yet unborn will draw their inspiration
and gather strength for patriotic pur
"A great life never dies. Great deeds j
are imperishable: great names immor
tal. General Graut'? services and
oharactor will continue undlml.dshod
in iulluei.ee and advance in the estima
tion of mankind so long as liberty re- j
mains the corner stone of (<??><<. c?ir*e?*n- i
moot "vA integrity of iife the guaranty
[ of good citizenship.
"Faithful and fearless as a volunteer
1 soldier intrepid and invincible as com
raander-in-ohlef of the armies of the
j Union, calm and confident as President
of a reunited and strengthened nation,
which his geuius had beon instrumen
tal in achieving, he baa our homage
anil that of the world: but brilliant as
was* his public character, we love him
all the more for his homo life and
j homely virtues. In his indivhlalitv, in
his bearing and speoch. in his simple
ways, he had a llav?r of rare and unique
distinction, and his Americanism was
so true an.l uncompromising that his
name will stand for all time as tho em
bodiment of liberty, loyalty and na
"Victorious in the work whloh, under
divine providence, lie was called upon
to do, clothed with almost limitless
power, he was yet one of tho people?
patient, patriotic and just. Success
d'ul not disturb the balance of his mind,
while fame was powerless to swerve
him from the path of duty. Great as
he was in war, ho loved peace aud told
the world that honorable arbitration
of UilTerenees was the best hope of
"With Washington and Lincoln,
Grant lias an exalted (dace in history
and the atleetions of tho people. To
day his name is hold in equal esteem
by those whom he led to victory and
by those who accepted his generous
terms of peaeo. The veteran leader?
of the blue and tho gray hero meet not
only to honor the name of the departed
Grant, but to testify to the living real
ity of a fraternal national spirit, which
has triumphed over the differences of
tho past and transcended tue limita
tions of sectional lines. Its comple
tion, which we pray God to speed, will
bo the nation's greatest glory.
"It is right then that General Grant
should have a memorial commensurate
with his greatness and that Ids last
resting place should be the city of bis
choice, to which ho was so attached in
life, and whose ties he was not forget*
ful of even In death. Fitting, too, it is
that tho great soldio** should ?1 ?cp bs
side the noble river on whoso banks he
Drat 'earned tho ait of war, and of
which he became master and leader
without a rival.
"But let us not forgot tho glorious
distinction with which the metropolis
among the fair sisterhood of American
cities has honored his life and memory.
With all that riches and sculpture can
do to render the edifice worthy of tho
man, upon a site unsurpassed for mag
nificence, has this monument been
reared by Now York as a perpetual
record of his Illustrious deeds, in the
certainty that as time passes around it
will assemble, with gratitude and rev
erence and veneration, men of all
climes, races and nationalities.
"Now York holds in it* keeping tho
precious dust of tho silent soldier; but
his achievements?what he and his
brave comrades wrought for mankind ?
are in the keeping of seventy millions
of American citizens, who will guard
the sacred heritage lorevur and for
Tho vast crowd listened with keen
attention to tho President's words and
at intervals broke into choers when
some ineident In the dead soldier's
career was alluded to Oy the distin
As tho President concluded his ad
dress Col. Fred Grant advanced and
shook him warmly by tr.o hand. As
the two men stood In tho foreground
of tho wonderful pieturotho spectators
applauded. "The Star Spangled Km
n< i" was played by the band, after
v I oh General Horace Porter was in
ti duced by tho Mayor. The orator of
tl o day was accorded a warm reception.
More discreet than tho President,
General Porter kept his hat on while
ho was speaking. Ho read his address
from typowrltten manuscript.
When General Porter began to speak
tho biting wind forced many of tho
presidential party to seek the shelter
of the tomb. Among those were Mrs.
McKinley, who was slightly Indisposed.
General l'ortor was followed by Mayor
Strong, who formally accepted tho
The (; rant, tomb Ib masslvo, yet well
relieved by pillars and other embellish
ments. The ground upon whloh it
rests Is 110 foot above the river and tho
strueturo lifts Itself 175 foot In tho air.
Tho exterior of tho building i* of light
Jfranite and all of tho Intorior is Un
shed in white marble. Tho poroh is
approachod by a fli?i t of steps 70 foet
wldo. At tho southorn exposure Is the
opening of tho crypt. It Is 30 feet
wldo In tho contro of tho chamber.
IXK)ktng down Into tho vault, the groat
sarcophagus holding the remain: of
General Grant is to bo ecu. This
sarcophagus was mado from one piece
of Wisconsin porphyry, w .dch is said
to oxool In beauty the Finland por
phyry, from which tho sarcophagus of
Napoleon was chiselled. Besides this,
is a place for another. Hero a dupli
cate will somo day hold tho remains of
Mrs. Grant. Tho sarcophagi! is of a
dark red color and highly polished.
Tho capstono bears tho insoriptioo
"Ulyssos S. Grant." Tho sarcophagus
weighs 10 tons. It Is 10 feet 4 inohes
long, f> foet 0 inohos wldo and 4 foot 8
inohes high. The bronze doors of tho
tomb weigh 7,000 pounds.
IHK FA KM KR AT THK TABL.K.
stanley u at iia way.
In considering tho farmer in his vari
ous positions anil under his mauy cir
cumstances, wo find that thero aro I
ii im . and places over whioh lio is, or
may bo, master of tho situation, and
wo further Had that if ho in not, it is
tho fault of no one hut himself. The
fanner cannot govoru tho price of
wheat or corn, nor can ho keep tho
price of hogs at a uickol. In tho open |
market ho is not only BUbjeot tu tho ,
law of supply and demand, hul Is also
subject to tho will of tho gamblers in 1
Chicago and other market centres.
They hull the market anc' tho price 01
corn goes up ; so do tho spirits of tho
farmer when ho hears of it. Then
tho hears bring in extensive reports of
enormous crops and visible surplus,
and jump onto tho market with both
foot and tear it down, little by little,
sometimes even tearing the v iry foun
dation fror., under the lowest antici
pated prices, then do the spirits of the
farmer drop accordingly. Hut there
la a place where the markets of the
world need not worry him, nor cause
any uneasiness on account of the visible
surplus, and that place is his o.vn
household ; at hid own table. Dia
farmer who plans a little, and carries
out his plans, may have his table sup
plied the year 'round with a variety,
both of vogotables and meats, and fruit
be may gather fresh from the garden
live mouths in tho year. Now some
will say " How can this bo?" In this
way : The farmer should set out fruit
plants and trees that will cover tho
full time of ripening from the last of
May, when ho begins picking straw
berries, until in October, when ho
picks his winter apples and pears.
Fruit is wholesome, and there are few
persons who ilo not enjoy eating fresh
berries or hard fruit from the hand, and
tho canning and preserving of fruits
carries the season from one year's end
to tbo other. Beginning with tho
strawberry in tho early Spring, we
havo one of the most delicious of all
fruits, and one which every farmer
may he well supplied with if bo will
omy take a litue uat'O. Ttiere need bo
uo expense. A few plants each of
strawberry, raspberry and blackberry,
j if properly oarud-for, win in two years
I give an abundance ot fruit, and plenty
I of plants with which to extend tho
fruit-bed if so desired. And ?o it is
with the currant and goosebeny?all
I aro brought into early and abundant
beariog with but litilo expense or
trouble. Hefore the blackberries nro
I gone we are using our cherries, .Sum
mer apples and Udars, and once in a
: while, peaches. In tnis locality ono
I need not expect peaches ai a regular
I crop, but ii Uo will set out two or tiroo
j trees and give them some attention he
! will be amply rewarded for the timo
he bestows upon them, for a peach
crop once in three or four years wih
pay good rent for the ground occupied
j by tho tree. The Fall and Winter
1 fruit may be inu.de to extend through
I tho season until berries come again.
. Apples are easily kept six months
alter picking, and can be kept ton
months by keeping in a low and even
temperature and excluding tho circula
tion of the air.
Now turning to the vegetables, wo
find that the early out door garden
' gives us asparagus, pieplant, lettuce,
' onions, radishes ami spinach about toe
first of May, and are soon followed by
beets, peas, boans, potatoes, etc., of
which we may have a continuous sup
ply until the November frosts cut down
all out-door growth. When frost
comes or is expected, we gather and
store the remaining vegetables into
the cellar or pits, and thus continue
the supply of potatoes, parsnips, car
rots, beets, cabbage, and a few others,
until t. c Spring garden again comes
to our relief. Ttiere are many kinds
of vegetables which are not commonly
found in tho farmer's garden, but
which be can grow with little trouble,
and with much pleasure to his family.
Squashes are easily grown and very
productive, and may be kept all Win
ter along with pumpkins in a dry
place, safe from freezing. Egg plants
must not be put in the garden until
.settled warm weather, but are then
rank growers, productive and hardy
until killed by frost. Caullflowors aro
as easily grown as cabbages, and
celery may DO grown equal to any from
Michigan or elsewhere, If it only re
ceives the fertility and plenty of water.
Thus we might extend tho farmer's
list of vegetables, even to the limit of
tho city markets; but it takes some
extra time to care for BO great a variety
in the garden.
Along with these vegetables and
fruits, the farmer can pro luce all the
meat required for his OW n table, be
side that which he prepares for mar
ket. Sugar cured ham is Included in
his daily hill of fare ; he also has all
tho other hog products within bis
reach?lard, sausago and bacon that
ho knows to bo from good, thrifty,
Hut his meat supplies should not bo
limited to the. one Item of pork.
Many farmers keep sheep and can
have, fresh mutton or lamb oocas
A fanner cannot alone use a whole
mutton, veal, or beef, but by combin
ing, as is dono in many neighbor
hoods, thoy can kill and divido the
carcass at onco, thereby furnishing
fresh meat at frequent intervals, and
at the actual cost of raising tho ani
The fowls of tho barnyard, especially
tho chicken, though much smaller
stock, play a very important part on
tho tablo of evory household, whether
it be that of the farmer, tho merchant,
or thebankor; all delight in the de
licious, rich, juicy meat of tho chicken
Like many of tho vegetables, the
chicken is of quick growth, and t > gi ve
satisfaction, must he used while in a
thrifty, growing condition.
Combining the above mentioned suc
culent, toothsomo edibles, together
with milk, butter and eggs found on
evory farm, and we tind tho farmer's
larder filled to overflowing, and not a
whit behind 'that ofithe millionaire,
who with his cash can only buy such
as tho grower puts upon the market.
Thero Is still another point t>at
must bo looked after, and that is the
preparation of these provisions for tho
''Weussd to havo old fashioned things,
like hominy and greens,
Wc used to have just common soup, made
out of pork and beans;
Hut now it's bouillon, consomme, and
things made from a book,
And pot an feu and julienne, since my
(laughter's learned to cook.
We use*, to have a plOCO of beef-just ordi
And pickled pig's feet, sparcribs, too, and
other thiiiL's to eat:
While now it's lillct and ragout, and leg of
\nd macaroni au gratin, and sheep's head
Escallops a la Versailles- a la this and a
And sweetbread a U HlcppoUe?it's
enough to kill a eat!
tut while I sutler deeply, I i .variably
as if I were delighted 'cause my daughter'"
learned to cook.
Wc have a lot of salad things, with dress
ing n ayoiinaise,
In plsco of oysters, blue points, frictsscd a
And orange rolny poloy, float, and peach
Enough to wreck a stomach that is made
of plated braes!
Tho good old things have passed away, in
Wo'vo lote of higlifalutin' things, but
nothing much to eat,
And while I never say it word, and always
You bet I've had dyspepsia since my
daughter's learned tocook "
?S) ? ??? ?
?An astuto litilo boy was asked tho
other day what was meant by " Bins of
omission ?" and ho responded, with
out any pauso or hesitation, " The sins
we have forgotten to commit."
HISTORY OP POSTAL STAMPS.
The Proicrest* of the Chpap Postage
Bjrstcm in ?lxey Yearn.
J ii 1837, Mr. Rowland HM ?rat pro
posed chcfcn poatago. Alter two years'
hard struggle with the government
and with parliament! ho succeeded in
getting the penny postal system car
ried into the statute bo^k in 18;i!>. In j
December, in that year, a uniform !
Charge of eight cents for overy half
onoe conveyed in the malls was Inati- I
tuted. On Jauuary 10, 1840, a uniform
rate of tsvo cents per hall-ounce perma
nently came into operation. In 1817,
this postal reform was adopted by the \
United States, and every -civilized j
country has fo 1 >wed suit. There are :
now th usands of postal stamps In va
rious parts of the world.
Mr. Hill v as rewarded by a life pen
slon ol sf 10 OOn a year, a parliamentary
grant ol *1U0 000, and about the same
amount by a general subscription
throughout the British islands.
His purpose from the first was to re
form the general post* fttoe BystOUO and
management, and also to institute a !
uniform and low rate of postage, with |
prepayment' anil moderate cnarge by
weight. The prepayment was to bo
either by stamped envelopes, or by ad
This was by no means an original
oreation, thus realizing the truth of
the old adage that "There is nothing
new under the SUO." A't >r M"\ Hill
had suggested the groat po?tutlloo re
form, to lie ellected by a low and uni
form charge for tbe transmission of
letters a:id newspapers f ough the*
mails, but before the project had passed
into a law, it was c.aimed, in a pam
phlet, written by one *f the officers of
the postal department 'u Parts, that
the proposed payment, by means of
penny stamps allixcd to postal matter,
was a mere reproduction, in essential
points of a plan which had been adopt
ed and aoted upon, In Fiance, in the
reign o( Louis XIV.
At that time and place, M. Do Y>
layer, who had friends in the royal
household, was permitted to establish
a penny post, through wl ich envelopes,
obtainable for one contoaoh, were do
bvered, according to their addresses,
in town or country, if "postpaid ;"
printed slips were tied or fastened
These flips were on sah' at the king's
palace, and the turn-tables of tbe. prin
cipal converts, and by the porters of
The practice was to drop all letters
thus franked into locked boxes, placed
at the corners of the principal streets
TOO postal street-pillars, which were
not adopted until I?55, would appear
to have been, whether designedly or
not, a reproduction of what was in us ?
iu Paris two centuries earlier.
M. 1) i V? layer also Introduced a
species of letter paper, for the use of
persons in business, partly print' o with
blanks for ih? insertion of figures, to
show tle> day's prices, with a blank
space hel ?w for ordinary correspond
In the general pustofllco, In Paris,
one of these billets, so filled up by l'e
llsson Fontanier, the historian, and ad
dressed to Mademoiselle Soudery, the
romaneist, nas been carefully pros irv
ed, and Is sometimes shown, bj special
favor, to curious Inquirers. Tills Is
presumedly the oldest of all existing
penny-post letters and prepaid envel
With Do Volayor'sdeath his postal
sorvicn ended. Nearly a century later
(?a 1858,) M. D<3 Cuamouset, a rich Par
isian, re-established it, selling two cent
stamps, much resembling those oij he
present day, for the free delivery, in
Paris, of letters under two ounces iu
That was in the reign of Lulls XV,
whoso, in in Ute r of finance, regarding
such an establishment its a source of
public revenue, bought it up by grant
ing a considerable pension to us pro
[ti tho minds of the govern moM,
however, letter-stamps soon fell nto
Tho next country to issue postal
stamps WM Spain. Prom 171t> to 180U
they w. iisid?exi udvely, bnwuvrr,
uoon i III ? al Ii tu r . In ihe kingdom
of Sardinia, stamped postal paper um;
envelopes were iu use from 1818 tj
For a few months, what were known
as "the Mulready envelopes." bacausu
their somewhat pictorial design had
been drawn by Mr. W. Mulready, an
eminent artist, had to be generally
lined by the British public; hut as
they were cxpen-i voly gotten up, on
fine paper, for which a slight extra
Obarge had to be made, there was ;i
good deal of grumbling?the. (romp aim
being that, from this fractionul addi
tion to tiie price, this was not "l ic
penny postage" that had been promised
tO the public So the pictorial envel
ope was soon superseded by tho small
adhesive stamps, still in use.
It was said, when this envelope was
issued, that Queen Victoria hart herself
made tbe drawing, which Mr. Mul
ready, a royal academician of great
ability and high reputation, hail work
ed up. This may or may not have been
offered by tho arltish government for
the beet design .was awarded to Mr.
Mulready. its objoo' was to represent
Britannia distributing letters to all
parts of the world by men. j of the pen
In the summer of 1810 a twopenny
stamp, for letters under one ounce in
weight, was first issued. Since then,
numerous varieties of tho adhesive
stamps have been introduced, as well
as btimped blank covers for the trans
mission of newspapers and periodicals
through tho mail.
In 1870, postal cards were first adopt
ed into use by Knglaml. At present,
Under the extensive Union Portale Uni
verselle, now generally adopted hy th'
nations, postal cards, at two cents each,
are current among all civiliz d na
It must bo weil remembered that as
recently as the year 1840, when potUI
reform was drat adopted, and oven
later, tho postage on a single letter
across tho Atlantic was an Knglish
1 shilling, almost equal to 25 cents. Of
late years this has been reduced to five
cents, and, last of all, there is the 2
cent postal card, under Union Postal0
Universelle, This may be regards das
almost next door to no postal charge at
It may be horo observed that envel
opes, now so general, wero little used
in correspondence by letter until they
wero adopted under Ltowland f 1111V
postal reform. Up to t' it period the.v
were mainly used in the government
olllces, whose correspondence passed
free, by franks, through tho post
As the old rulo was that, a letter, in
closed in an envelope, was subject to
double postage, the public at large
may bo said not to have rcoognizod the
envelope. Momberg of both houses of
parliament, who had the franking
privilege almost exclusively, employ
ed them. Now, and for many .years
oast, the manufacture of envelopes has
been an important branOh Of proba
tive industry among the nations. The
DDUOh increased consumption of cards
is another branch of trade that has
been much augmented by tho postal
When tho adhesivo . tamps wero
about being issued, to Biipcrscdo tho
Mulready envelopes, the postoffioo au
thorities were perplexed first, by a
dilllo 11ty connected with ' .. gumming
of them. It was found th . gum ara
ble, the best medium iu this case for
adheslvoncss and cleanliness, was very
costly, as only the finest quality could
bo used. In this Instance, tho govorn
I mont ohVrod a handsome r - ward to the
person who could get them out of the
A young clerk In the London stamp
ofllco remembered and stated now Ins
mothor, In Ireland, had boon accustom
ed to employ for domestic use, not the
English starch mado from wheat, but
a subbtltuto prepared from potato,
which yields tho purest and largest
supply, Carolina rice ranking next to
it in ttiis particular.
From this Irish Btarch, thus Intro
duced into postal employment, a gum
is made, by manipulation with water
and beat, which, being g?od as well as
obeap, was pronounced to bo the best
vehicle for giving tho required adhe
sive quality to the postal stamp.
I bavo no reason to bei lev o that any
substitute for this has been adopted in
the English puutoHlco.
It may bo asked?woro Rowland
Hill's sanguine expectations from pos
tal reform fulfilled V Tho answer may
bo brief: In 1839, before the ponuy
postage was Instituted, tho net annual
sum realized for tho British revenue
was $12,000,000. TblB proportion of
the national income had reached $31,
000,000 in tho year 1879. Tho author
of this great change died ut the ad
vanced ago of 84.
tJKN WILLIAM W. HAItLLBEk
He Wasa Prominent Figure In Sou h
Carolina for Many Year*?He Had
Reached an Advanced Ago.
G m. W. W. Harllee died at bis home
In Florence on the 27th of April, at tho
advanced age of 81 years.
Ho was horn at Harlleesvilie, now
Little Rook, Marion County, on July
26th, 1812 Ho was the youngest child
of his fai her, ? ho removed to this State
from Virginia and bettled in Marion
County many years before tho birth of
Gen. Barl lee, aud wasa member of the
State Legislature for oight years and
ufterwards clerk of tho Court and or
dinary of his county.
Con. Harlleo did not enjoy the ad
vantages of a collegiate education, but
received instruction in the "old field"
schools of his county. After loaviug
BOheol he entered the olbee of Chan
cellor Dargau, at Darllngtoniand pros
ecuted the study of law until his ad
mission to practice, in November. 1833,
when bo assoeiatod himself with Mr.
Dargan and began tho practice of his
profession at Marion Court House.
in 1830 ho was elected to the Legis
lature from Marion County, and on the
call for troops for the Sominolo war he
was commissioned by Governor Butler
to take command of u battalion of live
companies, with which be moved to the
front. He was in Florida for three
' months In active service, ami built a
fort on St. Tttffee River, which was
known as Fort Harllee, now on the rail
road from Cedar Keys to Fernandina.
After he returned Home, in 1837. Major
Harllee was elected colonel of the 32 1
regiment of the State militia. In isn
ho was el cted brigadier general of the
8th brigado, and in 181? major general
of the I'h brigade.
In lslti ho was again returned to the
L"gisiiituru from Marion County. In
l*l,s hn was el toted president of the
Wil ntngton and Manchester Railroad
Company, which position ho Ii 1 id with
great abUlty for seven years. 15 ?u'in
nlng with a subscribed capital of *.f.~>t),
000 he pushed the road through to com
pletion, In 1834, ataeost of $2.000,000.
His health failing ho retired from the
control uf tho corporation in 18.">5 and
actively resumed tho duties uf His pio
In 1800 Gen. Harlloe was elected to
the Secession ( onvcnttou, and he also
was eieoted Lieutenant Governor of
the State on the tieket with O ivernor
F. W. Pickous, Ho was also eont as a
d< legate to the Secession Convention
of 1800, which took tho Stute oat of the
Union and precipitated the war, and
was afterwards a mombir of the State
Executive Council He was proposed
for Governor to succeed Governor
Pickeos, but declined to run for tho
In 1870 Gen Harllee was known as
an extreme Democrat, and when the
Democratic Convention met whlota
Dominated Geo. Hampton for Governor
he was elected president, lie tilled the
the position with trreat credit.
In 1880 ho was el >oted to the State
Senate from Marion County against hij
wishes, and was one of tho most in
fluential and active members of that
body. He was chairman of the com
mittee on Incorporations and enjoyed
the respect and confident e of every
member on the floor. In 1882 he was
made president pi o tempore of the Sen
ate as a deservod honor to one who had
always served his statt; with unfalter
This was Gen. Uirlleo's last public
ollice. Ho was even then quite an old
man, having reached his three .-core
years and ten, and ho has since lived
in honorable retirement, but practic
ing his profession to within a few
months of his death
What Hi: Found. -A group of
morry commercial travelers wore seat
ed ina smoking room, when suddenly
Bodkins volunteered a story Of a re
markable find ho one had. " When
I was a young man," commenced the
irrepressible 15 , " I was employed in a
large house in a city, ami, m usual
with persons at that ago, 1 f-il in love
with a young lady, and in due course
of time was ongagod. About two
months before our marriage was to
take place, I was suddenly sent to
Australia, on very important buslnoss,
occasioned by the death of one of Ilm
(Irin in that country. I took a hasty
and alTeetionate leave of my intended,
with the promise to write to each
"1 was detained somewhat long? r
than I expeotad, but just before. I
sailed for home I bought a handsome
and valuable ring, intending it as a
coming homo'present for my sweet
heart \s I was nearing the shore,
and Mi I.-,- i'to pap i ? h eh '.h* pilot
had brought on board, curiously,
onoap i my eye fell on the 'marriages,
and t lore I saw un announcement of
her marriage with another a fellow I
knew very well, too which so cil
ranged me that in my passion I throw
the ring overheard. A fow days later
I was dining at this hotel; lish was
served up. ami in eating it. I bit off
something hard, and what do you sup
pose it was ?"
"The diamond ring!" exclaimed
?'No," said tho merry Bodkins, pre
serving the same gravity, "it was a fish
-? ? ? - -
Is JfJDOE SIMONTON CONVERTED?
?The Charleston correspondent of the
Columbia Register says that Judge
Simonton is evidently a thorough con
vert to tho claims of the Dispensary
system as a moral Institution?or at
hast, to the moral features of the system
ttken by themselves. In his charge to
tho jury vo-t'oday in the Bockroge
case hi > Llono.' b&id :
" The great feature of the Dispen
sary law, the destruction of tho
saloons and the political influences of
saloons, preventing drinking liquor in
places where I'quor is sold, requiring
tho liquor estaolishmerits tobe kept
open during certain hours, the destruc
tion of the habit of treating and the.
protection east around minors and
habitual drunkards, thoso features
will not be injured or protect'd by any
verdict you may render. No political
question enters this ease at all.
"But in addition to those great
fen tu res of the Dispensary law, and I
want to say here that if they were the
questions involved, If your verdict
would BOttie or nnsottle those princi
ples of tho Dispensary law, there is no
court in the State who would bo mor ?
prompt to dechiro that tho provisions
to which I have referrod you are not
only lawful, but the wisest exereiso of
the police powers of this State."
Such a trlbutl to Ben Tillman's f-ys
te'OQ for regulating the liquor- tralile,
from Judge Simonton, is worthy of
?" It's real mean !' the young wo
man CXOlaimod. " What la the mat
tor?" her mother inquired. "Before I
married Herbert I made him promise
to pass every evening at homo with
me, and now hn says he's sorry, but
ho can't take me to tho theatro with
out breaking his word."
Celebrated for Ita grout leavening
strength und bealthfulnc88. Assures
tlx; fond against alum und all forma of
adulteration common to tho cheap
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO.,
WAYSIDE O ATH13R1NG8.
ntts oi Humor ami Nuggets of Truth
lor i ho Multitude. I
?Smiles aro smiles only when tho
heart pulls tho wires.
?If money is tight, avoid it?it
ought to know better.
?Malice t,ueks up tho greater part
of her own venom, and poisons herself.
? During the year 18'.?7 there will be
no eclipse of tho moon, a very unusual
?" Faith." said tho littlo boy. after
a week's study, "faith is believing
something that you know can't be
? A man who will deuy his old
mother baa no reason to complain if
people believe him capable of almost
?The only States in which capital
punishment is forbidden by law are
Michigan. Wisconsin, Colorado, Rhode
island and Maine.
? Doctor?" My good woman, does
your son stutter all the time?" Par
ent?" Not all tho time, sir. Only when
ho attempts to talk."
?The wonderful progress made in
surgery is shown from the fact that
only nine per cent, of all operations in
amputation are fatal.
?Dou't act a rheumatism trap by
going around in your shirtsleeves these
raw spring days, just to show how
: much you can stand.
?Teacher ?" What is a synon/m ?"
; Boy?" It's a word you can use in the
i place of another wheu you don't know
how to spell tho other one."*
I ?A note of tho Bank of England,
; twisted into a kind of rope, can BUS*
'. petul as much as .'12'.? pounds upon one
I end of it and not be injured.
?Let young men make themselves
ready for positions of trust, and they
will b.; ended to tho position at the
right time. God's clock is never too
?Baron Alderson, on being asked
to give his opinion as to tho proper
length Of a sermon, replied, "Twenty
minutes ?with a leaning to the aide of
?" Did you ever find a woman's let
ter in your husband's pocket?" "Yes,
1 found oo of my own there the other
day thati 1 gave him to mail a week
?Porhapa your neighbor is too polite
to tell you so, but still he docs not
like to loan you his paper. Subscribe
for it yourself, and you will never
?Said the pre ichor, " You are com
manded to lovo your neighbor as your
self." "Good gracious! as much at
that ?" exolaimcd the honest man o!
? A n present itlvo of one of the
lirgest lurry-box manufacturing es
tablishments sat 8 that they make sev
entecn dilTerert sizes of quarts, o*
which only twt will bold a quart.
?Blotting taper was first made in
this country about 10 year- ago. Be
fore that time our supply came from
England, ami a groat many people
used sand to absorb the ink on theii
?" Are you going to make a Ii ?wer
bed hero r" said the Brooklyn girl to
her father's gardener. " Yes, mis.-,
them's the ordors." "Why, it'll spoil
our tennis grounds !" " Can't help il,
miss. Your pa say.-, bo's bound to
have this plot laid out for horticulture,
"Hollo, Jim, what aro you doing
now ?" " Working for the same fann
er I worked for last year." " Doing
pretty well?" "No. Last year I did
well enough. I got $20 a month : this
year the old man played it low down
on me, and made me lake his crop for
"A.igusta and Asbevillc Short Line."
Schedule inelTeet Feb. 7, 1800.
Lv Augusta. t> 40 am
Ar Orconwood.12 17 pm
A nderson. .
I.aureus. 1 l.r> pm
Urconvillo. :? 00 pm
Clean Springs.... 4 0}pm
Bpartanburg.3 10 pm
Saluda.r> 23 pm
Hendoreonvilld. .. 6 61 pm
Asbevillc. 7 00 pin
Lv Asbevillc.H ?/(> am
Bpartanburg .II46 pm
Glenn Springs ...10 00 tun
Greenville.11 60 am
Laurens. 1 80 pm
Greenwood. 2 28 pm
Ar Augusta ....... 6 OO.pm
Lv Bpartanburg .
Lv Charleston . .
Sumtor . .
A r (irecuvillo ... .
1 4 ) pn
(i 10 pn
7 (in am
10 16 am
4 (Ki pm
7 00 pm
7 00 am
II it. am
11 16 am
11 60 am
2 10 pm
8 13 pm
-f 30 pm
0 42 pm
0 30 pm
7 no am
;i 86 am
11 bo am
11 68 am
12 in pm
.< 00 pn.
.'! 00 pm
, !i ".oam
Lv t iharleslon.
Port Roval. <! 66pm
Beaufort _ .. 7 10pm
Yomassoo . 846pm
'I ;>.. pm
6 16 pm
ti 2? pm
7 20 pm
7 .in pm
H no pm
X as pm
(i 60 am
ti f>o am
7 40 am
7 M am
0 in an.
10 20 am
in :r> am
12 40 n'n
Oloso connections at Greenwood for all
points on S. A. L. and C. ?V G. Kailway, and
at Bpartanburg with Southern Railway.
For information relative to tickets, rates
schedules, etc, address
\V. J. t'R?Iu,Gen. Pass. Agent, Angus
to, G?. ; ?
F. M. NORTH, Sol. Agent, Augusta, Oa
J. B. Cureton, Agent, 0. H. i?pelghte
Usd. Agent, Ursen vi lie, B. 0
?In Sacramento is a schoolboy who
with easo commits to memory long
and difttoult Lessons, sometimes learn
log passages of history fully 500 words
in leng'h. Hut the next day he 1< B68
all rocollectlon of the previous day's
?" What is your new painting cull- I
ed ?" "Tbo ??Meaner.'1 "Ah, a young
glrlwlthasicklo and a bundle of grain?*'
'' No : un elderly girl with a IIa', puck- I
otbook and an armful of bargain dry
?Thoro wore 7"> postmasters in this '
country, and tho expenses of the de
partment were but $32,000 a year in
Washington's administration : und
thoro are now over 7<i 000 postmasters,
and the service co.-ts (1)2,000,000 a
?The correct observation has been
mndo that, as a rule, it is not the poor
who practice small economics. U
they had the will and the skill to make
tbo most of what th< y have, they would
soon rise from their low estate.
?An old woman, (juite rcpolh nt,
comes in. " Do you think you can lind
a husband for me?" she asks. " Per
haps? if some blind man cone s in,"
sayB tho agent
COl NTUY MEIIOHAN L'S
Should know that there, is nothing
that se'ls so well a- au srtiolo that you
can guarantee to give satisfaction to
your oustomers. Such au artiole is
RICE'S GOOSE GREASE LIN I
MENT. It eures all aehes und |>alns
in man or beast?S ratohes Ringbone,
Swinney, and all ullm<>nts uni-dtng a
PI rat-Class Liniment. NO CUKE NO
PAY, is the motto of tho Uoo.se Grease
people. Don't forget wo are vholesalo
agents for Goosh Gkbask Liniment.
Try Palmetto Ltvi r Uegulal ir,
BRUCE & DOSTER,
(Jr. onvill. s. C.
\V. H. MARTIN,
Attorney at LtlW,
Laf UKns, - South Cakolina.
Will practice in all Courts of this Slate
Attention given t<> nol (tuitions.
*)?Uct4>llfM'<l Sclu-diilo 111 KfI?ol
NOV. I?, 18DU.
" Pronpf rlly ..
Ax. Nowberry ..
O roe n wood
At. Atlanta". ..,.
Lt. Ore'nnvillo ..
Cv. Andormm .. ?.
Lt. Nawborry ?.
" Prosperlt y.
T10 a ?
iTOO r 111
12 11 P ir.
u a v "i
1 25 p in
1 4!> p in
2 25_ji 'n
_8J0 y iB
8 tec m
* 2op_ jn
V0 $T?~ m
ID 65 u in
li 03 u in
li 55 ? in
in oa p m
1! I.. i\ in
12" 20 p m
1 00 p in
. uj p in
2 26 p m
2 l<7 p in
!i 60_ J> J?
. 9 W p in
? ? !: " v
... Knnuio ..
.... Pnoolot ." 18 up
Spnrtanburgi Lv 111 <
Spart Auburg. Ar|ll
2 4'>r>! 8 4 n
7 ? V
Aahovll ?v_Lvjj 20*' ao.^
p. nt. "A," a. in.
T&)p|Tl0n"Lv... .Chnficaton... .An 800pjll OK
?07u 12 ifip] M .
lOO-l.-v 125p "
JO IWii 2 02p " .
lOIilhi 223p| "
iOMal 887p M .
11 4.So BOSp I.v
llQpl f QOplAr
Train? 9 and 10 carry eli-qint Pullman
?leeplng c^rs l">t wern Oohiinhia finil Aeho 11 to,
routo dally hotwtnu Junki invlllu ntidOinrin
Trnt:?? loava Spartutibnrg, A. As C dtvl Ion
northbound, 0 42 n. in 13 p. in i I - !? in
rVevtlbulo Limited); mmtl Imu II,1 ' :i in.,
1(16 p. m.. It :? a in.. (Voutlbulu l.ltnl i \.)
Trains fen>'? ?rwonvtU?. A aiut ? I ?
northbound. ?'.:<.'? a. m .I i> m i :W p. m.,
(VeaUbuW-d Limit?'d) | - ntlilioiiii I ??? m?
4:E0p. m- 12:28 p. m. tvo.s Ibulot) Lhnttod\
Polliuan palAtMi rU Kplntf mii s ? n TrnlneSHand
IS, 87 and w, on A. audC. di ?.
w. n. uitiSKN, .1 v !
??n. Sin i i i::! tudl nt, TnUWo M'g'r,
SS'naltiiittton. I? ? \n .. .. >n, 0.
?, A. TUi:i<, SM., , K,
|'ms< A As'l ti ;i Pa - Aj't
WiMldnvlon IV a At) itn.Oa
THE LAUKENS BAR,
w . it. R10U i:y
ATTORN BYHKT LAW.
OKFIOB? FlOUlliK *0 ?B1 . N orthost
t*u\v> of Pitblu Square.
11. Y. SIMPSON. ?I l). UARKBDA^E
SIMPSON a: nj\ l< KSOALl.,
Attorneys at Law,
L.U'HKNS. SOUTH CAROLINA
Special attention n r. n to the invesM
(ratlon of titles and collection of claims
n. W. 11A1.I.. 1,. W. SIMK1NH. W, VV. IIA I.Ii
Ii ALL, SIM KIMS & ISA LL,
Attorneys -if. Law,
Lauki:ns, South! Carolina.
Will praotleo in till sLte and (Jllll'ld
State? Court. Special i touMon glv iu
ml lectio tin,
souti:)>:;;n n vlway.
Allan M. i;: i
N >''.?? i "ss....
Ml An v.
Gnstoiiln ?? ? ?
. Dllll\ i '.i; .. .
8 S3 i'1 " '? '' M
i 4 28
Ar. Richmond ...| 0 00 i?| ' l& p 00 a
Ar.WnaMnutnn. | H 4}
?? flallrn'o PRR. 8 '?> n]!J a pi...
* Philadelphia. 10 15 nl !: ) > .
" Now York ... ji: 4? m| 6 > n|.
Lv. S'. V..T\h.u.
" Wusl Inglon..
i.v. RtchniCQid ...
Lv. I innvtllo .. .
Gast on ta
;<>. 37,n<>. :???
i ? J.
1)' ii M
ii ii i:
No. 11 NY. a
l>.ill\ VI ?.
?T. VF >?
2 0> n I!
I ? cm
?10 40 n ! w
" Gnfrnoyn ... i. ll !7 i ! ?I p
* Bjtariiinbtirg. ll :'T n 12 20 km '0 j>
M Grcuuvlllo.. 13 23 p I SM n \ 20 p
H Central. I l !.") j' ?? a \..'> p
?' Kenooa.I l i ? a| \ i p
" Went minuter
44 TOCCI :i.
? Ml ,
" Buford ..
Ar. Atltinla, K.T.I 4
Ar. Allunla.T. .>
"A" a. in. "I"' p. in
H?h. 'J' and 88?Daily
woHicrn \ oi llhulo Lunttod. Throutsh Im
tlnopiriK carsiHitwcon Now Vorlt ?>:? ! Ni
loars, via Washington, Atlanta and don
ory. and also bidwoon New \x> k nn Mpii
vinwaRliiugton. Atlnntn mid l)ii'iidtud>mn,
in an nIoopluK 1 urs hotwoi n Sow Yei 1; am
Orleans, in connootion with tho "Ri nsol
Itod trnlni for San Kranolsoo, Rcmi-wi
I leaving .ierBoy Otty Tuesdays nud Snlur
i roi urmii't, lenvo T\u-.v Orion < Wo Im j'ta<
Balnrdays. This train aluo carries Rlohnl
Ausnata sleonlnu cart bctwoi-n Danvlllot
ChnrloLto. Kurtt clans Ihoroi itifnio
botweou Washington and AUama, I
stti vualt meals on routo,
Nus. 85 and 80? United Slates Fnsl
runs solid Imtwoen Wnsliln^t I
loans, via Southern Rai wny, .' . V. [*.
?n 1 L. & N. It. R..l>clnK <?' d <>f \.-.,
ear and oonohos, titron^li vitl ? i tain
pasxoiicors of all eins " nn ? C.
room sb.-epliiK cars lie iveen ?'? ? ;? Cil
KfW Orleuns, via At laut ii pud MonlK
Lonvtiig Wiidldnglon each > atnrd i>
I Bld'piiiB car ll run Ihr? i
I inkton und Rnn I'ram.l .. i
I Jsos. ;;i :?!ot ;t2? N?? v "? '.
Rod. Vestll>wlo?t limn ?
St. AniMisthi", via \V?
luiiil'I'i. Savaniinti und .In Ii >ti
Of ItlDIIII ? h i. v i ? "U, i
man coihpai liiu nl ars, Pit
card au't dtulni; ciii ?. ?;
St. Auciuinir ? mi ininal \
Butiday. This irnii iilso
drnwiug i oom h i ??
AUV!?s :: !'!"i Now Vl - \
>us. Hand I .'?PnllmM -
Rlolnnond mi ' I innvllln
Tho Air I i- ?? I ??!i<" Ind.!
tweon Atlnuiii and Ooruo
W, El. (J RISEN,
V. I ddngton, D. O.
A. TURK, S. ll
urn': l'nsa. As'V, Ah.-.
WE WANT TO EXCHANGE
Sewing Macblnej \
Alexander Bros. & Co.
GREENVILLE, S. C
Who is "Will Whitener ?
He is our Fashionable Hair Gutter and Shaver
i-IN BENDELLA HOTEL.