Newspaper Page Text
FOR ERIC'S SAKE.
it was Dourly throe o'clook in the
morning when Norah's carriage drove
up to the door of tbo house in South
Audley street. The footman rang the
bill and, alighting, she entered the
halb running quickly upstairs to the
dl sfwlllg KOMI.
Her tall figure was still Blight and
?.'irlish ; her hiuo eyes were a look of
?. I Uiu'i ; for her beauty had never
urou?cd greater admiration, her biic
1*688 had -never been more triumphant
t1'an that evening.
??Has baby been ail right?" she
u ked hor maid. "Ob, and can you
t II mo whether Mr. Furdyco has come
"Mr. Fordyeu camo homo at ten,
was the answer. " Ho has been in tho
Not waiting for the end of tho sen
tonoo Norah went down stairs again.
"Too bad, Digby. Shabby not to
Sho had beguu to speak as she open
ed tho door, but as soon as sho saw his
face stopped abruptly.
Tho room was cloudy with tobacco
smoko. Though tho Juno evening
was hot the Uro had boon lighted und
tho grate was full of papers burned to
cinders ; hut what astonished hor tho
most was Digby's own appearance. As
ho stood upright their eyes mot for a
moment; thou hid wore cast down
Bhamofaoedly. Ho had shaved olT his
heavy black mustache, transforming
h's swarthy, handsome face ; ho wore
a^shooiiog suit instead of his evening
11 What is the matter, Digby V* she
demanded--" If you rcal'y aro your
"1 1 ! i can't tell you, Norah."
Drawing nearer she rested her hand
caressingly on his shoulder.
" Anything serious, darling ?"
" I'vo got to muko a bolt of it.
Thcru's not a minute to lose. To
morrow will ho too lato. 1 only wanted j
to see you. I couldn't go without, hap
pen what might."
" But I don't 1 don't understand,"
she faltered, gazing into his faco in
" l'v played my game and lost: that's
all. For the hist four years I've been
a?Heaven help mo I It will be all
over the town to morrow. I lost my
last chauce to day. My name will bo
Sitting down, she could still stu'-o
up helplessly into his pale, haggard
face. Tle? diamonds in bur fair, brown
hair caught the gaslight and sparkled.
" Barford will know everything di
rectly he gets to the office to-morrow,"
Digby continued, " 1 must bo out of
tho way before then. Norah, I sluuld
like to see tho youngster."
Automatically she rose and left the
room, shivering as sho drew her rich
plush cloak round her Shoulders. On
her return, she made a charming pic
tur-, standing with the four-mouths
old child In hor arms just as s!m had
taken him from his cot.
"Door little begga.' I" muttered
Digby, bending over him.
Laying him gently on one of tho
largo armchairs, Norah faced her hus
" I 1 can't realise it yet,'' she said.
"I have looked forward to nothing
olso the last four years."
"liefere before you married me V"
bho demanded. "You knew this when
you tirst met mo ! You know it, and
'? 1 loved you, Norah."
"Love!" she cried, contemptuously.
" And you loved mo."
" I loved tho man I thought you
wore. A man who uevor existed."
" For Heaven's sake bo merciful!' ho
said, buttoning his coat.
" You have made, mo a party to your
crimes," she cried, and raising her
hands, trembling with anger, sho tore
from her hair the diamond tiara.
" At least, a word of forgiveness," ho
said, taking up the juwel quietly, and
thrusting it in his jacket pocket.
"Just a word before we part - it will
be forever, Norah."
" I can't forgivo you." sho answered.
"It is no use. 1 could forgivo much :
if it had been since our marriage, it
might have been ditl'erent. But you
deceived me too utterly."
It hud fallen upon bur liko a bolt out
of tho blue sky, without a warning sigo,
at the moment of her supremo success.
Henceforth she would be known only
as tiie wife of a defaulting solicitor.
Her love seemed to be crushed, togeth
er with her hopes. Long after he had
gone, while the child lay sleeping on
the chair. Norah stood in tho smoky
room, half dazed by tho recent dis
closure, till the day broke, and a new
ora in her life began.
"Ah, Norah, anything up? Where's
Major Armlstead glanced round tho
dining room. He was tall and spare,
the more noticeably because he always
buttoned himself titrhlly in a long
frock coat. His darkly tanned face
appeared above a very high collar ; ho
wore an enormous iron-gray mous
t iche. Longa widower, since Norah's
marriage two years ago, he had lodged
near Hyde Park, possessing only a
small Income besides his pension.
Sho took his hand and kissed him,
then looked out of the window.
"A delicious morning after tho
rain," she faltered.
"Come, come; you didn't drag me
out before breakfast lo tell mo it was a
fine morning, Norah. Little chap all
" Oh, Eric is sple ndid," she said.
"Then what on earth is it? You're
not looking well this morning- too
much dissipation, isn't Digby down
"Ho'a gone - gono away. He is
"Ruined I Digby! Bless my-"
" Worte," she continued. " He has
I committed a crime. You can hardly
realize It? Neither could I ; but it is
truo. Ho has committed a crime. All
this," she waved her han s as she
glanced round tho large, handsomely
furnished room, "all this is tho result
1 am wearing some of tho proceeds. I
can't atay, father ; take me away from
It all- mo and poor littlo Eric."
Tho evening papers were full of the
nowa, and sold largely in conacquonce.
Tho hue and cry being raised, and a
reward olTored, a few days later tho
fugitive was arrested. Tried and
convictod in duocourso, Digby Fordyce
was sontenccd to soven years' penal
Major Armlstead rented a small
house, almost a cottage, on tho out
skirts of tho town of Tunbridgo Welle,
and thero Norah lived with her boy.
Only twenty-throe, Bho had bidden
good bye to tho world ; lnstoad of
thousands a yoar, her incomo consl&ted
of but a few hundreds, and theso uot
Yot sho was not ontirely unhappy.
Com poll d by her altered olrcurn
?? stances to d ovo to horself to tho child,
he toon i lYordcd a now lntoreBt in her
Ufa Sho v.atchod his developing in
t llgonco, and listoned for his earliest
lisping utterances. Tho day ho flrat
f tood alono was a red-letter day. Her
father became Eric's guide, philosopher
and friend; and later was fought a
? battle royal todeoide who should teaob
him to read. Major Armlstead took
his defeat s >muoh to heart that Norah
magnanimously gavo way, and woulu
sit always working, soraetimos laugh
ing, at others half crying, to obsorvo
the impatlect man's patience.
8o for a tirno Norah's lifo went
smoothly on. At first tbo ohango was
^ appalling ; she missed tho excitement,
tug admiration, to which sho had bo
Wroo accustomed elnco her marriage*
? Sho had not a friend loft, and when
fnuplooallod upon her, In ignorance of
or history, sho was always "na at
\Vb< n Erl was more than commonly
winsome, M jor ArratHtead alwuy. said
tliO rllUl'J : ,
" Pity nia father was a scoundrol. ?
And Norah ncvor demurred, it was
the simple truth.
Brio was now six yours old, tall, thlo,
dollcato, with his father's hundsomo
f. at on s and black hair.
" I hopo to goodness Di^by won't be
gin to ))i'bter us," crio I Major Arral
?toad ono evening. He was an old
man now and Inclined to peevishness.
Norah looked up quickly.
"It isn't seven years."
"They don't servo their full time if
I hey behave themselves. In prison
Dig by would bohavo himself."
" He will not trouble us, father."
" 1 don't know. Scamp enough for
anvthing. He may thiL* you wi.l take
" I sbail novor do that," she replied.
" After what passed between us bo
knows I shall not."
" I hopo not, Norab. I hopo not, for
Erie's bake. Is that Erie coughing?"
ho asked presently.
After listening attentively for*, few
moments Norah laid aside her work
and rau upstairs, where ho still slept
beside her own bed. The child was
feverish. Next day a doctor was called
in, and now began a period of intense
anxiety, till ono uigbt the end seomed
Major Armistead did not undress ; at
regular Intervals bo looked iuto tho
room, imd Norah shook her bead de
spondently. When tho morning sun
broke through tho clouds at ton
o'clock, all tho blinds in the little houso
woro drawn down, and tho light had
gone out of Norah s life.
A few days later she stood with her
father?white-haired and bowed now
-beside tho open gruvo. Tho gray
clouds hung low, and tho October wind
blow chilly across ttie cemetery.
Henceforth she speut niauy hours
there, always alone, siuee tho dis
tance was too great for Major Armi
stead to walk. Sho always pictured
Erie's grave as a kind of bed, and hi in
self asleep, as sho of ton used to watch
" I should like to put up a handsomo
tomb," saiil tho old man. "It isn't
I much, but it's all I ean do for the little
' chap. I feel I must do something."
"If wo could make some other
children happy," Norah suggested.
"That is what I should like ; to endow
a cot in a children's hospital."
Major Armistead entered iuto tho
I scheme with immense enthusiasm.
"Of course," be said presently,
"you must remember that you won't
have much to live on vdien I am gone,
" That does not matter," sho an
swered. " Nothing of that kind mat
ters now. Nothing matters in an
empty world. There is nothing loft to
" I will writo to Ormond street and
' Inquire how much it would cost," said
M .j or Armistead. " We will call it
Two days la'.or, going to the eemo
: tery in the afternoon. Norah camo t) a
sudden standstill a few yards from the
grave ; then hiding herself behind
Borne headstones, watched tho shabby
looking man who stood bare-beaded at
its foot. In spite of his black beard
and moustache, in spite of bis white,
haggard, dissipated face, she recogniz
ed him on the instant.
After standing then; a few minutes
he covered Ids face with his hands, and
presently, stopping, broke off one of
tho faded flowers from tho bolitary
cross Norah had placed there.
Having stayed until ho went away,
] sho also left tho cemst-jry, but on
I reaching home said nothing to her
father. All tho rest of tho afternoon
she busied herself in various ways, hor
father glancing at her from time to
time, wondering what transformed and
Illumined her face.
Despite her troubles, sho was a
beautiful woman. Her figure had
developed, and albeit sad and grave,
I hor face had retained all its former
I charm. To-night it seemed to Major
; Armistead like the face of an angel.
At eight o'clock tho postman brought
- a letter, but when he would havo
I broken tho seal, sho came *,o his chair,
' resting a hand on his arm.
"Prom tho hospital, Norah."
" Father," she said, " [?-I have
thought of another way."
" Well, lot us see-"
" I saw Digby this morning," she
" Ah, I know the scoundrel wouldn't
leave us alone !" cried Major Armi
' Ho did not see me. He was stand
ing by the grave. lioforo lie went
away he stooped and?and broke off a
piece of stepbanotis. Ho is in very
" Ho deserves to bo !"
"Yes, he deserves to be. Hut 1?I
am afraid ho is by way of sinking
lowor. He looks utterly broken?de
graded. Ho can have no hopo in life
nothing to help him upward-"
"Pshaw!" cried Major Armistead.
"A man like Digby in hound to siuk.
Nothing can save hir ."
"That is a terrible saying," sho re
turned. " I think there is ono thing
that might, only one ?a woman's 1 >ve."
"Norah!" her father exolalmed,
" you're not going to play tho fool 1
All nonsense ! You know you don't
lovo the man."
" I-?I don't know."
"You never wo-t to sen him. You
nover wrote. You haven't had a kind
word for him all these years. To toll
you tho truth. I've wondered some
times. Of course, ho deserves all he
got, only some women aro such fools."
"Was I too wise?" aho asked.
"Since Erie's death I feol differently
about many things, i am not certain
about myself. I sco what ho haB fallen
to, but ho Is still a young man- clever
?bh, might there not bo hoiqc ehunee
for him if?. Hut I doubt my own
strength. I am not sure I can do it.
As I watched him at tho i/rave tho
thought flashed upon me. Wo talk of
a memorial for Erie! Could anything
bo better than to aavo Erie's father,
body and soul ?"
"Too late, Norah, ray dear? too
" Ah, but is It?Is it ever ? If thero
" oro not a germ of good in blm, would
e havo corao to tho grave r You
? on't know that tho cot at tho hospi
al will actually savo a child's Hfe. yet
vou would endow it. So with Digby.
Ho has fallen low, very low ; in may
be Incurablo, but is that any reason
why I should not inako tho effort?"
Major Armistead loanod forward
and kissed her forohoad. For i ?. own
part, ho sincerely hoped she would
never boo hor husband again : and yot
he no moro liked to Interfere than ho
would havedono with her porformanco
of somo religious rito In which ho
COUld not partiei pate.
For several days Norah walked to
tho eomotory at tho samo hour, but It
was not till a few dayn boforo Christ
mas that sho saw Digby again. Aa he
stood lost in thought at the foot of the
grave sho drow near.
" Digby I"
He Btarted like a man whoso nervous
strength Is supped.
" Norah I*'
Inbtlnotlvoly his right hand went up
to his cloth cap, as ho stepped a fow
foet away. They stood ono on each
Sido of tho grave, which was now
htddon by young evergreens and
" You havo boon hero before," sho
said, hardly knowing what to say.
" I did not intond to come again. I
saw tho announcement of tho bey's
doath. Toll me of him, Norah."
Aoross the grave she gave htm in
formation concerning Erlo's short life
and l i t. 11 ay ??, and then sho asked :
"Wny?why did you aomo to-day,
"I came In tho hope of seeing you.
I had no right to put mywdf In your
way?but I am leaving .England. I
havo falloii very low."
Ho throw out ids hands. " You sco <
what I am. The first time X cam*.
simply to look on tho spot whcro the
hoy luv. 1 saw you had put my nun,. .
' Brio, " ho road from the houdatono.
" "dearly beloved bou of Dig by and
" I hesitated," ahe admitted. " 1
hcaitat?-d, till I wtu looking for a test.
Then 1 thought it ought to ho there.
Where-whore are you going V"
" Heaven knows. I neither know
nor eare. What does it mutter V Look
ut me. Do you think I euu siuk
" You can rlso higher, DU'by. la it
ever too lute ?"
''Oil," he cried, "1 duro say you
aro right, Sometimes I feol I have it
in me. It is memory that thrown mo
back. Nc-ruh, you don't know what
tho utter desolation of it it). An, I
know : you have lost your child, and ho
hud a scamp for a father; but you
don't know tho curse of being your
own accuser. Ou all tho earth there
la not a human being who cares
whether I go under, or how aoon-"
" Yea," she aald ; " there ia ono who
He stared at her for a few momenta,
then leaned eagerly forward acroaa tho
" What? what do you mean?" he
Norah held o ;t her right hand.
" Dighy," ahe 8ttld, "I will bury tho
pabt, und, if you will let mo, 1 will do
my best to help you In the future."
" Do you meun you will come?come
away with me ?"
?' For Brio's sako," ahe said quietly.
Tho caretaker of tho cemetery
atopped to look at tho poorly-clad man
heaido the grave, and Noran ataudiug
with her hand on hia shoulder.
At tirst Dighy shrank from facing
Major Armisteuu ; but ahe uerved blm
I to this us to niucli besides. It waa a
little hard on Major Artulstoad, who
had now to look forward to being left
aloue in hia old age. But ho waa tho
only one who regretted Norah'a do
ciaion, which had not been arrived at
without miaglving. Norah never re
gretted. Sho had found ono more pur
pose in lifo, while Erio's father began
a new career that day. And a career
whleh went far to make atonement for
tho past. ^
; THE RECOGNITION OF CUBAN RIGHTS.
j AN ABLE SIM<;K< II BY SKNATOR
I THUUSroN, OK NBBKASKA.
Tdo ite?iulreincnts of International
Law us Applied to ilte Revolution
in Cuba?Why Not Grant Them
Senator Thurston, of Nebraska,
who presided over tho Republican
national convention of St. Louis,
mudo ono of the atrongest speeches yot
delivered In tho Senate on the bellig
erent rights of tho Cuban insurgents,
and wo take pleasure in giving o*ir
readers tho bent, tit of liberal extracts
from hia speech :
Mr. President, what ia the require*
ment of international law upou the
queation of whether or not this govern
ment 6Qb.ll accord to the Cubaua belli
gerent rlghta ? 1 will diaouss it dia
pasalona'joly and as eleu- ly aa 1 can,
without any attempt to arouse senti
mentor to stir up passion or prejudice.
International law, aa laid down oy the
accepted writers, requirea that a peo
j pie, inorjorto nave their bolligoroucy
ucknowl >dged, muat tirst act up tho
standard of a revolution. That has
been done li Cuba. Thoy must lor a
certain length of time maintain a
territory against tho enemy. That
has beon done iu Cuba for two yours
and a half. Head the declaration that
waa presented by the Senator from
Ohio on yesterday, wherein tho fact
is thoroughly established that for all
tho period of that revolution one pro
vince of Cuba bus been maintained
, and held by tho Cubau patriots und
International luw says thut thore
must be uu established form of govern
ment, lias there not been in this ease?
Could a war of this character for two
years and a half have been carried on,
think you, unless it wero carried on
under tho form of an organized gov
ernment, with some central authority
behind it to aeeuro moneys to arm nod
equip its soldiers, to issue commis
sions, and to million/." and direct the
movements of tho army ?
International law also says thut there
must bo a sent of government, und I
huvo heard it contended upon this
Moor that belligerent rights cun not bo
uccorded becuuso there is not found
upon tho map of Cubu u known or u
fortilicd or un important town wherein
tho seat of tho revolutionary govern
ment has been established.
A seat of government need not ho
hold within fortified walls ; it need
not bo a place whore tho habitations
of men aro clustered tegOther and
about. Sir, it need not be held withm
buildings made by hands or under
domes erected for the purpose of
beauty and udornmcDt. It may be
thut tho Cubans, from the necessities
of tho eus^', huvo gone to tho moun
tains and huvo s"t up their seat of
government under the eternal rfcirs.
Liberty bus always tied to tho moun
tains for its safety und its ahoLor. In
the hilltops the spirit of liberty tirst
know birth. In the eternal hills the
stundurd of revolution for liberty has
always beon raised, und down from tho
mountains huvo alwuys come tho sturdy
patriots who huvo eventually wrested
from tyranny and oppression tho
governments of many of tho peoples of
the earth. God bloas tho hills : and if
thoro is no reuaon other than that the
revolutionary government is held in
tho mountaiua, whore Providence has
i'ivt") thein bastions and parapets and
eacarpmenta and fortification) without
cost, then I say thut international luw
haabecn fully complied with und thero
i atanda no roasoo, so far aa n seat of
govornmont ia concerned, why this
declaration can not now be properly
Mr. President, international law re
quires that a state of warfare shall be
curried on to such uu extent thut the
elvil authorities of tho dominant gov
ornmont aro no longer enabled to pre
sorro and maintain tho poacn. Is
I thero a man on all tho earth who bo
liovoa that for tho pa*t tv/o years tho
civil authorities in Cuba have been
enabled to preserve tho peace and
tranqullllty of that bland by tin* ordi
nary elvil proooduro, backt d up by any
proper aid of tho military arm? No
dofonuor of tho Spanish cause, no ono
who apologizes for their atrocities, no
ono who seeks to hinder and deluy
action upon this resolution, has so far
oven suggested that Spain can hold
that Island in peuce and trunqulllity
under the ordinary processes of her
civil authorities. ?
What then, Mr. President? Interna
tional law requires thut tho revolution
must have so far progressed that thoro
Is serious doubt about tho power of the
mother government to suppress It or
subduo It In the near future, [a thero
any doubt thut the war in Cuba has
progressed that far V Has anyone
challenged It? Why, Mr. President,
lot me road to you the dispatch In the
newspapor of this morning coining
from Spain, tho utterance of one of the
greatest statesmen :
M a i.ui i.. May '9.
At a meeting of tho Liberal senators and
doputlua to day Sonor SiiKuata. former Dro
ml?r, made an Important ? i11 in tho
courao of wliloh ho said : " We liavo axi.OOU i
troops In Cuba"?
And no war ! No war, with 200.000 '
troops gathered from the farms and the
hillsides of Spain, tho last desperate
levy of the Spanish authority upon the
youth of that hind. Two hundred
thousand troops in t'ub?, und no Wr.r !
Cuba Is pud led : no trouble ; tho day
for notion by tho United State? of
Am-Tien has passed away ! Only 200,
000 Spanish troops In that little Is
II but wo lire notovon masters of the terri
tory tr?ftes W our ?oUim-ev ?
I do nut take tbo nnwspapor correB
pundenee ; I du not tako the unverified I
statements from interested particb',I
tako the public declaration made Oy
the former premier of Spain on yester
day to the Spanish people in the capi
tal of that kingdom :
Hut w<5 a** not oven masters Of tliu torrl
tory tioiMiMi >>.? our p.ildiers Tho |>l<-turo
could not be gloomier. We have war in CuOu
ami in the Philippines.
War in Cuba, not on tho authority of
nowspap r correspondence: not on tho
uuthority of a letter Irom ono who is
in tho insurgent ranks ; not on tho
authority of rumor or repute, but on
tho authority of tho former premier of
Spain. Ho says, " Wo have war in
Cuba:" and can civilized mankind
question tho sincerity or propriety of
tho government of the United States
in saying tho same ? Yet wo are con
stantly hearing that the Island Is
Tho commander of 200,000 men has
sent his bulletious over all tho world
and announced that poaeo prevail-.
What for, Mr. President ? Uo who
runs may read. Spain has drawn upon
hor last available man ; Spain has ex
hausted her credit in tho money cen
ters of Christendom, if she gets an
other loan with which to carry on that
sanguinary war for even a few more
months sho must do it by satisfying
tho money loanorsuf tho wund that she
is already within sight of ultimate vic
tory, and that t>>o resources of that
island are within heV grasp for tho re
payment of ttio loan.
Peace in Cuba! If thoro is peace in
Cuba, it is the peace of devastated
ti jlils. I'oaoo In Cuba! If there is
peace in Cuba, it is tho peace of blaz
ing homes. I'eaco iu Cuba! If there
is poaeo in Cuba, it is tho peace of
ravished women. Peace in Cuba! If
there is poaco in Cuba, it is the poaeo
of starving children ; yoa, and its
p;u ins are Bung alone by tbo silent lips
of tho uncoffiued dead, whoso white,
upturned faces are nightly kissed by
tho pitying stars. No, no, Mr. Presi
dent, thoro Is war in Cuba; bloody,
sanguinary, awful war. Our oars can
not be dulled to Us roar; we can not
light y put aside tho fact. War is in
Cuba; war has been maintained iu
Cuba for two years and a half ; anil to
day Spain is uo nearer the subj igation
of t.io revolutionists than she was at
tho moment of tho tirst engagement.
What then? All tho conditions of
International law are met. That being
tho cus \ I state as an absolut i an 1 un
answerable proposition hat this gov
ernment has the right to recogn zi
tho belligerency of the revolutionists,
and in availing itself of that right it
does not offer any affront under the 1 iw
of nations to tho government of Spain.
Read what the International law
writcis have said upon this subject. I
have not tho time, nor is it my pur
pose today, to present them iu detail
to tho Senate, but 1 know what the
principles are. 1 have read them ami
all that has been written on tho sub
The right of docidlug when a cause
for recognition of belligerency exists
is a right belonging solely and alone to
tho nation that takes the action.
With that decision and that declara
tion no other government on earth can
Und fault. It is a right we exercise,
recognized by the law of nations, often
acted upon bv tho gn at powers of the
world. Wr.jn Spain recognized tho
bei igerenoy of the Southern Con
federacy, wo neither did nor could wo
have taken .exception to that determi
nation and that action on her part, it
was her right to decido then, and it
is our right to decido now.
Why should svo not act? The groat
Senator from Massachusetts, it seems
to me, has dwarfed and narrowed the
consideration of this proposition. He
puts it upon purely commercial and
material and monetary considerations.
Why sh.?uli wo not act? Mr. Presi
dent. Cuba lies at our v. ry doors, with
in a few hours' sail from our ports.
Wo havo with her, or had with her a
great and an advantageous trade re
lation. Our citiz mh have acquired
i and occupied and oarriod on great
plantations in the inland of Cuba for
their own ,t Ivantago and for the trade
i advantage of the people of ibis conn
Why shoul 1 we not act? There is
no nation, there is no place upon the
fi.co of the earth with which we have
such immediate, such direct, euch im
portant commercial anil other relations
as with and in tho island of Cuba.
Greece and Turkey may engage in
war, and it mutters little to us. Russia,
Germany, Italy, and EjOglaDd may em
broil themselves ; Africa may become
tho seat of groat strife and warfare ;
but they are distant countries : our re
lations with them are not relatively of
the same immediate importance as our
relations with tho island of Cuba
Wha should wo not act ? 1 will put
it upon no other than purely com
mercial grounds, if you please. Dur
ing tho pendency of that **ar our trade
has been practically out olT ; wo have
loot tho advantage ol the Cuban
market. During these two years and
a half the interests of American
citiz sns in that island have, been swept
away by sword and tire. During these
two years and a half the citizens of our
country temporarily resident therein
have been subjected to tho Inconvi ni
ences and the dangers, and oftentimes
to the horrors, of that warfare. Yea,
even today in tho sunshine of the
nineteenth century, in "a Oacillod
island." American citiz mis, 800 In a
group, are. homeless und houseless and
hungry and starving and appealing to
us just for bread. lias a situation
ever before arisen which has shown so
groat necessity for action upon the
part of this government as does the
Cuban present situation ?
Mr. President, why should wo not
grunt belligerent rights to the revolu
tionists? Wo should do it, first, be
cause every thoughtful man is con
vinced that Spain nevor can subdue
that island, und that, if peaoo comes to
it, it w.ll como in some other way. If
the plantations once more bloom und
blossom, it will bo from some other
cuuso. If our citizens onco more have
protection nd shelter and food, it will
bo because of some other reason than
any probablo or anticipated triumph
of the Spanish authorities over the
rovo'utionists. Why should wo not act
It Is tho abiding conviction of tho
American peoplo, fortilied by tho
solomn faets of tho ease, that if peace
over comos to Cuba it will como undor
tho Cuban Bag, undor tho government
of Its own people, as a part of that
grand result which will dr.vo tho last
claimant of despotic authority in
America to tho othor side of tho At*
I am not asking or urging interven
tion at tho present time. Tho grounds
are not properly laid. We can not lu
torvono in Cuba now. We can not
carry out tho ultimato declaration of tho
Republican party now. Wo must first
lay tho foundation, and that founda
tion can only be laid by a declaration
on tho part of tho proper powor in tho
Unlt'-d StatoB according belligeront
rights to tho Cuban revolutionists.
In the President of tl o United States
under the constitution s vea*od tho
! executlvo power, and when you run
I this question down, it will bo found
that tho contention of tho opposition
rests linut 1 y and alone upon tho broad
proposition that tho recognition of bol
llgorent rightB or tho Independence of
a neighboring people is a mere execu
tive aot. I deny It. I deny it for tho
peoplo of this country, who have a
right to participate, in any suoh action.
Executive newer ! What is executive I
power? Whero shall wo turp to dis
cover that indt finite, that shifting,
that transitory line of demarcation
among powers purely executive and
powers qu'isl executive, and powers
partially legislative ?nd powers par
tial y ox?<cuti?--< V Wtiiro shull wo
turn? Will It hi to inn record d do
olblens id tho O'-urt* of our country.
I have read evory ?,aso that has h iei j
olted on tho groat question of cxuou-f<
tlvo power as applied to a situation of y
thla kind. I grant you?and I cull tho
Senator's a tcution lo the proposition
?thut while .ho courts of our country
havo repeatedly docl trod that tho
President of the l'ult d States may
lawfully give recognition tea peoplo
uud'u- conditions similar to tliut of tho
Cubans, while tho eourtsof our country
admit that when suen recognition Is i
accorded by tho action of the IVceidout
of the United States, It stanos us the '
action of tho couutry, 1 chullenge the
Senators to find me one ease, to read
mo one line in tho decisions of tho i
c iurts of the United States, which '
directly or indirectly, by exact state
ment or by intendmeut, denies that
that same power may bo otherwise ex- !
ereised or that too Congress of tho
United States may not a'so act.
Where shall Wo turn for tiio defini
tion of executive power? Shall wo
goto the established doctrines of mon
archies under otnor syst ?int) ? Wo can
not safely look there. If wo do, tho
Congress of the United States, under
our constitution, as toull those subjects
over which it is given jurisdiction, has
I tho same absolute power of action as
has tho Parliament of Groat Brltatu,
I and the power of Great Britain through
Its Parliament has never been limited,
hut is supremo. Whore shall we go?
I. >t us go to tho spirit of republican
institutions which animated our fathers
when they drew that sublime Instru
ment, and going thoro, I insist that
they diil not bei ovo in a government
of any one man, and they did not in
tend to vest, and did uot ?est, in any
one man tho sole power of acti n in
groat aud important matters alTccting
tho welfare of the whole people.
* * * * * *
Mr. President, war is an abhorrent
tbiug. I hope th it its bloody shadow
may never lull athwart our sky
ugiiin. War is a terrible thing* and yet |
no advance toward liberty has ever been
made except by the bl ?ody pathway of i
war. War in defense of human liberty
and human right is Coil's thunder
storm ; it clears tho air for humanity's
JL^.t us havo no talk of war. It Is
! nonsenloal. It is lotorj toted in this
debate for the mere purpose ol delay
ing, of prooraatlnatlug, of defeating
action In this important matter?
Mr. President, I baveonlysought, in
a general wa\, to show to the people
of tho United States that our proposed
action is right and just. I am a con
servative?conservative in thought, in
judgment, and in action. I hold by
Inheritance the stubborn conserva
tism of tho Now England hills. By my
1 professional life t have been taught
that every question should he carefully
considered, scrutin z d, and examined,
and that hasty action is alsvays dan
1 have Dot been hasty in reaching tho
conclusion to veto for tho pending joint
resolution, 1 have not resolved upon
my course without the most careful
anil patient examination of the consti
tution of my country. I have not de
termined what 1 would do without
listening to all this great debate, with
out fortifying myself with a thorough
! knowledge Of international law and all
I tho faets t hat exist in regard to the
island of Cuba. When I vote there
I will be behind my vote my deliberate
' judgment, my OOOnOlODOO and my man
I hood as an American oit<z in.
Mr. President, 1 am free It confess
I to the gri at Senator from Massachu
setts that in the consideration of this
question my sympathy, my love, of
country, my love of liberty have gone
hand m hand with my Investigation of
! tho important fai ts and my study of the
tho principles of law that govern the
OttSe, 1 would not divest myself in tins
important action from all considera
tions of sentiin int.
Almost thirty years ago a story went
tho rounds of tho American' press, and
this was 1' : Tho story said that ono
day a little ship was captured by the
Spanish authorities in an attempt to
land arms upon the Cuban shore. The
eiew were seized, tried by drumhead
COUrt-martial, and sentenced to bo shot
at the sunrise of the morrow. Among
those men was one' humble, simple
i I American sailor. Liu had enlisted for
; tho voyage without knowing tho des
! tination of the Vessel or the charact >r
j of tho cargo carried : 3 et be was seized
aud tried, if you may so call it, and
sentenced to he shot at the hunriso of
I [a home way lato at night word
' reached the American consul at the
I nearest seaport town. Ho had no op
! pottunlty to wait upon t ie authorities
i of Spain ; he had no ohanO ' to appeal
; for otllolal action : hut as a repres nta
I tivo of tho United States, at daylight
of the. morning ho mounted his Iiui'm1
and hastened away to tho scene of the
execution. When he arrived he found
these sailors, and among tb< 111 the
American sailor, drawn up in lino, and
opposite them, with guns in their
hands ready to shoot them down, were
I the soldiers of Spain,
Our eon-ul went to the officer ill
charge und Bald, " S r. that m m is a
I citiz ?Ii of tho United States. H > has
committed no intentional crime
against the King of Spain, lu the
? name of my country I demand that ho
j be given an opportunity in tho civil
eourtsof Cuba to establish and main
tain nis innocence." Tho oQl ?er said,
'' S'r, 1 havo the warrant of the King
of Spain to shoot that man at the rising
of tho sun, and bo will buiv ly die."
The sun camo over the sea, kissing
tho distant billows with a tinge of
?lory. That same ray of sunshine, it
may be, ?hone through the window of
a little cottage in tho not thorn land,
upon the sleeping faco of a devoted
wife 1 ?.*.*> e>i-'v hf??if1 of t.ne innocent
babe t.iat my ... r? .-i .?,,,.. ...r noly
Tiio sun camo over the soa and fell
upon tho brow of this American eiti
z -n eondoninod to die. The order was
given, '? It.jady ! Aim I" Tho American
consul, Booing that no other effort
would aval', drew from his bosom a
silken flag of our own free land, and,
springing for ward, wrappod its glorious
folds around this man condemned to
die, and turning to the soldiery of
Spain cried out, "Shoot if you dare ;
but if you shoot that man, you shoot
the flag of tho greatest nation of the
earth !" And the II ig saved him.
Mr. President, that story may havo
been but the merest fancy of a romnn
oor's brain, but I havo loved to believe
it true. I havo loved to holiovo that
the Hag of my country would protect
Its citizens on land and sea tho wide
world round. 1 have loved to believe
that tho power and prestige of my coun
try would be recognized by ull of the
potentates of all the earth. I have
loved to ho ( v ?, 1 do believe, that the
Unit.;d Statis of America readily ac
cepts that supreme position of power
and leadership assigned her by Provi
dence as the one great nation of the
Western Hemisphere, the ono groat
republic of the earth. I have loved
to believe that the friendly offices, the
divine sympathy of our people would
go readily and speedily forth to glvo
succor and aid and comfort and assis
I tanoo to every people struggling to
achieve freedom for themselves. Those
I to the oolfitu and sordid and grasping
spirit of merocnary times may set m but
dreams, h,it on their realisation hangs
tho welfare of mankind.
Mr. President, I lovo tho constitu
tion. I Observe the la*s of my coun
try. But under tho constitution and
by tho lawB of my eouutry 1 insist that
this government can now at this timo
give the Cuban revolutionist* a proper
standing bofore the world. Under tho
constitution and hy the law wo can
give them the right to float a flag on
land and sea ; wo'can give them a right
to insist upon tho ordinary and recog- i
hizcd usages of civilized warfare; wo
can give them a right to stand sido hy
Hido with Spain In tho money markots
of the world, and wo can see to it that
from this day on In the Island of Cuba
no American ctt iz in shall bo deprived
of hid property, his liberty, or his life
wituo.it due procobs of tho law.
Mr. IVenlduut, those things tho
U uited States of America nan constitu
tionally, lawfully, and properly do.
Celebrated for its en at leavening
strength und health fulness. Assures
the food against ulum and ulI forms
of adulteration eoinmon to tho chea;.
Royal Baking Powder Co.,
No ? York.
L ;t us do them now. Yea, Mr. Presi
dent, and ns an earnest of our sincerity
and good faith, let us dispatch the
most powerful battleship of the (Jolted
States to Cuban waters. Let us station
her there in the harbor of Hubuna? in
tho harbor of llubana, where her
frowning guns may disturb the spirit of
tyranny by night, and where bv day the
shining stars of her tl Utting || ,jr n ay
gladden the eyes and insplr? ' ho iu arts
of those, whostruggl'! to he free. |Ap
plaUSO in tho galleries.I
THE WEAXllMR AND CROPS.
Valuable Information to Those inter
ested in Farming Operations.
The following is tho vvee'tly bulletin
issued by the wealth r bureau in Col
umbia as to the condition of the crops
in this State :
Columbia, s. c. May 20 1807.
During i lie tlrst portion of ihe past
week the temperature ranged deeiued
ly below tho normal with the nights
unusually eool ; during tho latter por
tion tho temperature rose to slightly
above the normal.
The average for tho week deduced
from 52, weekly moan was lit), and the
normal for the samo period is approxi
The highest temperature was'.?7 on
the 21st at Gllllsonvllle, the lowest
was Hi on tho 18th at Ftorenee and
Prost heavy on:>ugh to nip young
corn was observed at Holling Spring.
Spartanburg, on the 17th, and trace
of frost in Hurry ou the morning of
There was very iittlo rain during
the week, only light soattercd show
ers on Friday over the northern anil
western counties. Fleven measure
ments aro reported for the. week, rang
Ing from ,U3 to .fit), and averaging
U.17 of an inch. The upproxlmat i nor
mal for the week is 0.88. Kalo is
ne ded over the entire Slate, and for
A destructive wind, rain and hail
sierin passed over Woodward, Pair
Held, on Friday, doing a great deal of
damage to o! on. fruit and gardens.
Injury was ooullned to a comparatively
The week was nearly cloudleoS, and
at many places entirely so. The av< r
age estimated per cent ago ol thu pos
sible was .'.?I : the lowest was Mil at Or
Hut . i ti le change WHS noticed in the
condition of staple crops during the
wiek exoopt a siignt improvement
generally in the color of c< ri) Uud cot
ton, towards tin- eloeO. F.arly iu the
week the nights were too cool, ana the
ground is loo dry, for rapid growth of
vegetation, but with the rise in tem
perature and showers in p atres, which
occurred on Friday ami Sunday, a bet
tor condition has developed.
The general teuor of all reports in
dicates about a gootl average condition
of all crops ami tnis holds gootl for the
entire State, with a few local excep
tions, fho prevalence, in injurious
numbers, of cut and bud worms ou bot
tom land corn has been .the worst utl
verso condition on any crop to date,
ami that is abating.
Kim is generally needed and would
provo very .benelicial.
The. condition of corn remains prac
tically the same as heretofore, it being
small for the season but with a healthy
color. It Is belter on uplands than on
bottoms, owing to tho poor prepara
tions the latter lands r.-celvcd gen
erally, and to the damage by worms
and crows, necessitating much replant
ing,.and generally poor stand:'. Corn
nearly all planted ami replanted. Is
being worked out. The Heids are gen
erally clean and in tine tilth.
Cotum has improved somewhat ami
no complaints are received of poor
stands, excepts from Abbeville, Green
wind, l?dgetlold, Ham well and Sal id a,
where on certain lauds the plant is
Tho plants, while small, are health] :
ami although BOmowhat irregular as
tu size, stands are. otherwise nearly
perfect, and required very little
"patching" by rc-planting, over the
State generally. " Chopping out " is
progressing rupidly and is Hearing
completion in the more easterly coun
ties, whilo in tho northwestern coun
ties is only well begun, as cotton is nut
all up yet. Tho plant is in a satisfac
tory condition and in excellent shape
to respond to more favorable weather
for.growih. Soa-Islantl cotton has made
slow growth and stands in need of
Tobacco continues to tie well.
Worms have appeared iu c sidora
bio numbers, but as yet are within
Oats harvest has begun in the east
ern half of the St.ite, where tho crop
is m>i generally as good as it promises
to bo over the western portion. Spring
Bown oats a total fai ure?they arc
not generally over .'I to 4 inches high.
Wheat has developed considerable
rust, hut not OOOUgi) to t Heel the yield.
It is ripening and continues promising',
but with many poor Ii 1 Ik. Chinch
bugs damaged wheat in Chester and
Water melons improving hut still
backward in Barnwoll, beginn .ig ti
look well ami blossoming in Abbeville
and Riohlriod. Nit doing well ami
poor stands in Lexington and [lamp
ton. 8wool potato draws plentiful, but
tho weather has not favored trans
planting. Irish potatoes needing rain.
Favorable, weather for gathering antl
Commercial peach crop will bo
small, but scodlings will bo quite
Injects Injuring apple troos in I'iok
ons. Many complaint) of fruit drop*
ping too fr cly. Qrupcs uro very
promising ov^r entire State. A large
crop of blackberries being gathered
but rain would du them and othr r
berries very much good. Plums ripen
ing In ouslern counties. Labor in fair
r'roni too national bulletin of May
17 >?" Corn planting is now in progress
i lu the most northerly seetion, having
begun during the week in North Dako
j'a and Minnesota. Asa result of bad
> stand?, considerable replanting will
bo necessary In Missouri, Kentucky,
and Tennessee. In tho Southern
States, early corn is being laid by."
'? Cotton Improved In tho Carolinus,
ii orgia, Alabama and Texas. In tho
last nil .ied State some damago rosult
<u irom excessive rains and insects, i
Cool n gb s have proved unfavombio
in Ar lean as and Loulsl. na, wluro.
!! nils are po r and whero insects have
J. W. Bauer, D.mtor. 1
COUNIHY M Kill 'HAN I S
Should know that thoro Is nothing ,
that soils so well us ?n artiolo that you
can guarantee to glvo satisfaction to
vour customer*. Such an artlola la
HICK'S GOOSE CUE ASK LINI
MENT. Iteures all aoh.es and paloa
iu man or beast?Scratches, fttogbODo, ;
Kwioney, and oil ailments need Ins a |
Eirst Ciass Liniment. NO CUKE, NO
I'AY, is tbo motto of the Goose Grouse
peopb . Don't forcret we are wbo)< strle
agents for Goose Grosse LluUnonL
Try Pa I mi t*n LIvp?- U>tr??>atnr.
BRUCE & dosit.k,
Greenville, S. C.
?Boosters uro a good deal lilto \
men, A rooster n ver give* ?* ? of t
finding a wenn until aft r hu hut swab
THIS LAUREN'S BAR.
J. t. Johnson. w It uioiiKY
JOHNSON M HIGHLY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Okkiub?Pleating 1 ! irn ?r, S ortuest
side of Pul 1 i! Square.
h. y. simpson. c i> bar 1(8dale
SIMPSON At BAHKSDAbli,
Attorneys at Law,
LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA
Spooial attention gl von to tho investi
gation of titles and collection of claims
\V. II. MARTIN,
Attorney at Ltiw,
Lauhkns, - South J-arolina.
Will practice In all Courts >i this Stute
Attention trlveu in eollMtu-lotiM.
Ii. w. iia i.i. i. w. him kinh. w. w, ham,
BALL, SIM KINH & BALL,
Attorneys at Law,
Laurrns, South Carolina.
Will practice in nil Stain and Ulli too
Stales Court, special attention givon
"Augusta and Aeheville Short Line.''
Bohodule inelTect Feb. v, 1890.
Lv Augusta. !? in an ' i 1 pm
Ar Greenwood.12 it pm ....
Anderson. 0 10 pm i
l,aurr-,i. I l/> pm 7 U I am |
Greenville. 3 00 pm 10 15 am
Glenn Springs.. . 10? pm .
8partanburg. s 0 pm l) 26 am
Baluda_ ....) 23 i>m .
Hendersonvillc. .. ? I pn .
Ashcville. 7 00 pm___.
Lv vshevillo. 8 20 am .
Bpartanburg .11 t? pm i UO pm
Glenn Springs_lOOOam .......
Greenville ... .. .1) fOam 4 00 pm
Laurons. t 30 pin 7 00 |>m
Aiutcr8<?n . 7 on am
Greenwood ? _ 2 28pm ....
Ar \ugusla iLl'lLi'Ili_1 > lf- am
Lv Spartan burg . n 15 am
Greenville_ . 11 .><> an
Ar (Million. 2 10 pm
Newborn-. 257 pm
Prosperity. 8 18 pin
Columbia. I 30 jen
Sumtcr. ?! "~* pm
Charleston ... . '?' 3d pm
Lv Charleston_ . 7 00 am
Sumier .... !' 35 an.
Columbia. 11 00 an
Prosperity ... n >
Nowberrv . 1210 pm
Gliiilon. 12 fiii jdi
Ar Greeuville . ion p"
Spart aubur^ . 3 00 pm
I.v Augusta . 2 .v. i n.
Ar AI endalo. ?? 0 I jui
Fairfax . 5 15 pn
Yemassce.o loam 0 2" pn
Pe ml ri . I" ?' ant *? 20 pn
l\irt Itoyal.1050am 7 30 pn
davaiuiii'i . f oo pn
Charleston. 8 OS pn.
Lv Charleston . . 0 50 am
Savannah. '! 50 an
Port Itoval. 0 55pm ~> to am
Beaufort.7 lOjun 7 50 an
Yemassce . 15pm 0 10 an
Fairfax. lO 20 an
Allendale.?.. 10,35 am
Ar Augusta. 12 40 n'n
Closoconnections at Greenwood for all
points on s. a. b. anf! ?'. ,v i;. Ilal I way. and
at Spartanburg with Somborn Railway.
For Information rclai ivc to tickets, rate
sehedules, et<-. add ess
W. J. t'IIA 1G, Gen. Pass. Agent, Augus
ta. (? i.
K. M. NORTH, Sol. Agent, Wigusta,Ga
J. ri. Cure ton, ?trent, i H. iSpoighis
Gen. Agent, (ireenvifle. 8. (?
ATLANTIC COAST LINE
PA88BNGBK j > KJ" a KTMKNT.
Wilmington, \. Jan* 19M, 1897
l?B1 w KliN
Charleston an?! Columbia and Upper
Bouth'Carolina, North Calc
ium, and Athene and
CONDKNVBIi S< H t'JU) LK .
9 39 pro
... ?' 'harleti oil .... Ar
.... * oliuubla. ' .
.... Novfhefl v ....
... bnurehe ....
.. Greenwood ....
, ..Aiho (la...,
, AIntn . .
. W.iuu-'wr? .? .
.Chariot \'. '*.
3 .tf.pm Ar ... Audi i n I ...J.'/ ll or>arjo
4 i'M ... (irce, ? v '!? _ 10 30
3 10 _Spar:-. ? .. 11 49
i 03 llftii'lcrji ..v e ' .V. n 15 1
tj_io_. .j\?heytile !.(.' .. 8 20_
Notf, 59 and 58 Solid trains liclwcon
> barlebton aipi Cobioii .o. s. ('.. and earrr
dirougn coach between (Ibarlotton an>
Atlanta. M M. IM ICHSON, J
Aua't (ion 1 J v-i-'iper Apt. t|
I U. KKNLY, r I KM Ii R80N, 1
?.??'1 \i ,.. i ... ('ratlin Manager
SOUTHERN 1 AILWAY?
mat sit? < i \tu I '.nit.
In i.itv i
in'ijnr I i .-.I
Nui t libooml.
v.,,. i v.. IR Ket.Hl
K.. No. Je
i .?ii v. sun. u*t:y.
Ail-.ntn, CP. 7 v
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Ni>i .-i o??
Wimi mtiiBtor IS
Um it Dille....
. (Ii,tu lotto ...; ti ?in .
Duitvtlle .111 ??i n
: . DO
4 Wp 11 60 p
5 WpllJ W
0 ii i j 1 ;<*
7 'Np ...
1 i Iii 2 M e
8 t,-, |, j 2 47 ?
S 40 pi .
I 4 1: "
I 4 .'7 ?
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Ar. II ? hiiioud
A r Washington..
" Hull iti'o P'iU.
H I'lli IKlvhlllltt.
? Ni>W York ...
...j HIVI i i O ;i
11 I ! tt|.
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iMitiH, vie \Va?hh ...
er.tr. nail nlen Itnl vvo?ii
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ton Mid At.nn:u. 11. . ig in
N.m. ;tt eml ?V- Wirte
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eml 1. .V S. U li., ? ? . ii:
ca\- mil) RonnhtM, Tu >i 'I
|)nsu.;iij:ni? '?l* nil ?"< i
room eleenhis; ours ? m >n
New Orleiius, vie aimv ii
)>?invitiK Way ii*i;'t<>ii mi..
?Uieplllil <-m : .1 i nn I i
Uiiriini end ??an Krau ;^ >
S-..?. ll, 3,' end M? I'ull u
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Bonllit dun l n'.js 11 i ti . ?- ii
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Who is Will Whitener ?
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He is our Fashionable Hai.^ Gutter a id'Shaver
-iM BENDELl.A HOTEL.
WE WANT TO EXCHANGE
Alexander Bros. & Co.
GREENVILLE, S. C