Newspaper Page Text
.loo Dent knocked the ashes from his
pipe. Tho irou pillar rang like a boll
under tho stroke, and a tiny eoho
whispered baek from tho wall, aud wua
loot in tho low, placid hirtsing of tbo
Joo bad no right to bo smoking in
that room, whero be was assistant en
gineer in the basement of a huge de
partment store. Hut to-day be felt
reckless, and car* d no more for re
gulations than ? tramp. What a hash
ho bad made of things, to bo sure !
Aud how all his past mistakes came
trooping baek and hedged him in,
until tboy stood too thickly for a
thought to escape him without their
leave. It gave Id in a grim sort of
satisfaction just to look them over,
each being one more proof to back up
his own opinion of himself against
himself. And he was but a young fel
low, too !
TOO young for his place, tbo mighty
" bead of tho house " had thought at
Urst; hut he liked young men, and bad
long since learned to take their meas
ure, ami Joe had swung through the
searching examination as though he
had been fod on dynamics and bteam
gauges from his cradle, instead of
having just graduated from a stationary
engine on a farm. So now be was here
watching tho n icdle oq tbo indicator,
the glow of the furnace on tho lloor,
tbo Height of the water column in tho
guarded ^luss tube : and the farm?
was many a mile away. Had it paid ?
Yes, it had ! he told himself, savage
ly. There aro somo things that no
man will ever stand. And Lou had
told him?had told him?what was it?
That she bail married beneath her,
and that ho had married her for tbo
farm. He writhed at tbo thought even
"Curse tho farm ! It was she that
I loved, not a lot of barns and cattle,"
he roared, then sank haOk on bin stool
and covered his face.
Then he began to make excuses for
her to himself. She was but a girl
not eighteen. Too young to marry,
they bad said, be wise heads! Impul
sive and untrained, and left alone in
the world. Why had ho not been more
patient with her, and tried to do the
things -which seemed so all-important
to her although so trilling to him?
He could see now that eacli cbauce
ignored had been tho gentle sliding of
a quicksand through a barrier, until at
last enough had passed to carry all
before i? in an overwhelming rush
that had swept away their happiness
?' Dinner, Joe.-'
It was bis superior, returned from
his own lunch, and Joo rose slowly,
wearily, and put on his coat. A dozen
light-hearted, small sale eg Iris were
fluttering Into the stoctc room beyond
with their own luncheons, and hailed
him with a shout in the free, "all-of
a-family " way customary among such.
"Jot ! come and turn this box over 1"
"Joe ! please lend ine your knife to
cut tins knot."
"Joe '. I want you, too !" in four or
five dilVerent directions at once as he
passed through the room. Hut bis
lace was so foil of gloom, as lie silently
lent those that needed it a helping
band, that a shadow fell on triem
Which Listed till long after tho hour
was ever. What could it mean ? And
each small heart gave a little throb of
fear and pity, for with them but one
outlook could give them such a mien
?their sword of Damocles, "dis
charge." And what would they do
now without Joe ?
Out into the hurly-burly and roar of
the streets plunged tho engineer. It
might help him to forgot. Tho rum
ble swept up one great artery of trade
and met at right angles another in a
swirl of battle thunder. Cabs, lumber
ing drays, crashing, clanging electric
cars and the seething inob of hurry
ing souls, that filtered through the
Cross ways and in and out among the
teams as though reckless of life?this
was what ho sought, and ho let him
self drift with tho crowd. Hut man
docs not hang sorrow on a nail when
he dons bis hat for an outing. ,10
takes it with him as be would a watch,
and forever finds himself referring to
it. As to happiness?what had be
come of his ?
"Sold, to the man in the white hat,
for fourteen cents !"
Joe stopped short, bewildered by the
words and the resulting shout of
laughter from many voices. Uncon
sciously he bad entered a cross street,
and was opposite an auction room, in
the middle of which wus an eagor,
laughing crowd. Their gaycty at
tracted him, and he shouldered
straight in, as though that had been
his real destination. Perhaps it was,
under fate's kindly guiding hand.
It was one of those semi-annual
affairs that brighten the monotony of
tho salesman's life, the disposal of un
claimed express parcols. A great
heap of them lay behind a counter,
und before it pressed a rough, good
naturedly excited throng, with here
and tbero an unkempt, earnest-eyed
little Jew, whoso highest bid invari
ably was " Thirty sbonts I" Por these
packages were always sold unopened,
and it was the unwritten law that tho
buyer should open bis pack a;, ? then
and there for the joy of tho losing
bidders. Up went a valise on tho
counter. "How much for this?" and
Bwift camo tbo bids iu ridiculously
small gains : " Pivo cents, too cents,
sold for twenty-one cents, to the fat
man in the corner?" A knifo forces
tho lock in a twinkling. Treasures?
That depends on Individual estimation.
Three old bricks and a wad of news
papers aro rovoalod, and tho crowd
guys the buyer, who enjoys It as much
as they. A box! A Jew wriggles to
the front, eyosi It keenly, bids up to bis
limit "thirty shunts" and gots it.
Ho is disposed to shoulder it and make
olT, but tho bystanders won't bear to
that. Up comcH a hatchet. Smash !
and a lot of samples ol shoes appear.'
Isaac grins happily and is eheored for
his luck. Several small parcels bring
quite high prices, as more likely to
contain valuables. One. box is loaded
with last yoar'n almanacs, advertising
a patent mcdleine, which tho laughing
buyer promptly distributes by poltlng
tho heads of men on tho floor below
him with this literature of a bygono
day, till somoono pulls him a-nd his box
off tho bench together to make room
" Now, gontlomen I" cried tho auc
tioneer, " hero Is do chaneo of a life
time ! This great Hat box ovldently
contains a picture; perhaps an old
macter, perhaps a family portrait of
your ancestors who camo over In tho
ark. You can hang it up in your hall
and- tell your frlonds to note tho re
somblanco to tho owner. Pivo I am
offered, ton I am offorod, shall I have
fifteen V" and away up went tho bids,
for this undoubtedly was a prize of
value; and whon at twonty-ftvo dol
lars It was taken hy a man wfth a
white waistcoat and a big soal to his
- watchohah), his friends oongratulatod j
hlro, while the cover was being pried i
open with spocim care. A r-AUse, a j
branlnj- of nocks, then a yell of de
lighted laughter rang out that eohoed 1
clearly from the houbO across the
street, whllo the new owner gazed In
blank stupofaotlon at his acquisition.
I v.ui on peal of merriment rang out,
and men lay down and rolled and shook
at the disclosure. For there, neatly
packed, was a stuffed double-headed
oalf, consigned Vainly to some unup
\ pn-c!ativo freak museum by a disap
about Its belog a family portrait?"
cried the salesman, grinning, and ?
aguiu tho crowd uhoutcd and guyed '
tue buyer. " You can trust mo every j
time, gentlemen ; trust mo uli in all or
i.ot at all, as the poet says. Now hero's !
another prize. How muoh for this,
no doubt a jewel case V" and the fun
w out on.
Presently, a small, box like pareol
was put up.
" Here, gontlemon, is anothor jewel
box. It is light"- tossing it ' so it
can't bo a wedding cake like the lust
lot, in which I was unfortunately mis
taken. Year old cako is a little dry,
brother, ain't It V Hotter buy a fresh
lot tomorrow and remember mo when
the carils aro out," and tho red-faced
teamster, who had made that unlucky
purchase, turned ull sorts of colors, to
tho huge delight of Iiis unmerciful
fel ows. "How muoh?"
It did look like something of value,
that oblong little box, and hids came
fast and in earnest. Men gi t reckless
at times under such enthusiasms, and
it was a long price indeed that carried
olT tho treasure. Kager eyes awaited
j tho unfolding. Paper after paper fell,
1 string after tiring wont writhing
down, before the box itself was sliown.
Then slowly, reverently, tho rough
man lifted from its bed of protecting
cotton wool tho treasure which had
been packed so carefully with tender,
loving haiuis a year ago aud sent on
its unonded mission. Torn, it was,
with briers. Torn and scratched,
rubbed throught to tho white only a
wornout, tiny baby shoo!
Where was tho guying, tho laught
er? Not a sound escaped from the
crowd. Por long, long seconds silence
fell like a mist upon them, aud like a
mist things seemed to eacli man there
for those long seconds, dim and indis
tinct. What nttio feet had stumbled In
that bit of leather and its mate a year
ago, and win re wero they now ? Still
sturdier aud more wearing, or on a
heavenly pavement? Who could say?
As the buyer slowly turned the slipper
over, a oil of paper with faded writing
on it, blotted and stained, Muttered out
and llittod downward. Why was it
stained ? Wore they tears that made
those blurs, and why ?
Hesitatingly the mat picked up the
paper and began to i<-i?i to tho silont
DbauJoo?OJ oo. come back to mo. I hail
only yon and Sammy to love. I never
knew "how much I loved )ou Uli you'd
gone, and now ihe doctor Bays?<? .l?ie, he
says 1 shall not haw Sanum much longer.
Come hack before?
Thero was a struggle, a shoving, a
hoarse voice that cried harshly, " 1. -t
mo through I" and choked and ceased;
then a man burst through them ami
leaned upon the counter.
" Give mo that I U s mine !"
Lette" and shoe wero wrenched from
the holder's hand. An unheeded, un
counted wad of crumpled bills was
thrust into them in return. Then,
with a wild, uesperate gesture and
swing of his arm, tho man plunged
straight down as though Into a tossing
sea, and plowed his way resistlessly
toward the door.
Those that were left looked at one
another silently. Those that were
hurt in that mad rush did not know it,
or if they did, made no complaint.
Then, as with one accord, they turned
to the salesman, motionless expectant.
And he glancing at the merchandise
behind him, swept a long look over
their head at tho patch of blue sky
visible through tho doorway, and said,
quietly, " Gentlemen, the sale is ovev
lor this day.''
Through tho doorway, out into tho
hurly-burly, yet under the blue sky,
tho throng as quietly melted away.?
WISDOM FROM BILL A III*
lie Humiliates O.or tho Good and
Had Things of Life- He Take** a
Cheerful View of Tili? World.
Another paternal birthday in my
family. Thoy seem to come about twice
a year to mo now. How everything
shrinks as we near the goal. The trees
are not so tall nor the hills as high as
they used to bo. That is very natural,
and Ls nothing now, but how is that
even time should shrink?time that is
so oxact, so unchangeable and that it is
measured by the same ticking of tho
clock, and that is measured by the ris
ing and sotting of the sun and that by
the revolving earth and that by its an
nual course around tho sun ? I can't
see why time should seem to shrink at
all, or if any change, it should expand,
for wo can do more, think more, learn
more in a day than when wo were chil
dren. Seventy-two years ago to-day I
camo into this sublunary world and
have had my sharo of joy and sorrow,
and am content with my lot in life. As
David said, "The lines have fallen to
mo in pleasant places. Yea, I have a
good heritage." Hut poor old dob took
it bard when Satan despoiled him, and
ho cursed bis day and said In tho an
guish of his soul, "Let the day perish
whorein I was born. Why died I not
from tho womb, for then 1 should havo
lain still and been at rest, for thero the
wicked cease from troubling and tho
weary aro at rest?' Poor old man;
his sad story always excites my sympa
thy. Thon thero was Jeremiah, who
exclaimed : "Oh, that mine head wero
watera and mlno eyes a river of tears.
Cursed bo tho day wherein 1 was born;
cursed bo tho man who brought tidings
to my father saying a man child is born
1 don't like these sad people nor sad
sU>ries nor tales of misery. I never
read a romance that ends sadly. I don't
liko tho company of people who wear
sad faces and aro never happy unless
thoy are miserable. I wish that Heb
ert Bums had never writton "Man
was made to mourn," for I don't be
lieve it. Of all God's creatures, man
is tho only ono that can smile, and
ho should smile as often us he can.
Cow per was a sad poet, but ho docs
"Behind a frowing providence
He wears a smiling face."
That is bottor. Tho Creator who
beautified and adorned tho earth with
fruits and llowers and guvo us birds to
sing and music to charm, and studded
the heavens v/ith stars, did not make
man to mourn. If Bo had given us
only buzzards for birds and dog fennel
for llowors and tho howling of tho
winds for music, we might havo
mourned ; hut I rather liko that pout
who in tho gush of Iii? gratitude said :
"This world is very lovely. Oh, my God
1 thank Thee that I live."
Young was anothor sad and solemn
poet, and says :
"Man wants but little hero below,
Nor wants that little long."
Sidney Smith was more genial, and
"Man wants but little here below,
As hcef, pork, lamh and venison show."
I wish somobody would toll mo
whoro I can find a parody on thatsamo
text that was written by John Quincy
Adams about half a century ago. It
was a charming poem, and began :.
"Man wants hut little here below,
Nor wants that Ptllo long;
Tis not with me exnetly no,
Tho' 'tis so in the song."
Then ho sots forth a delightful cata
logue of what he does want, and it ac
cords with our desires and excuses us
f?c indulging them. Let a man, and
espoo'ally a woman, wish as much as
he or she pleases, but no good comes
of a distressful longing for things we
ean't gat. Woman is peculiar about
that. She oan want pretty things evor
so badly and do without thorn evor so
graciously. During the war and about
its distressing close the wives and
mothers who had lived in luxury came
down to poverty and hard times with
more fortitude than tho men?I know
many men who gave up and
but thojr wives
I ruraomber how crushed und helpless
1 folt when I got my family back home
and found nothing but a shelter?not a
bod to sleep on?not a cow in tho coun
ty, no Hour, no sugar nor eolVoo ? not a
chicken nor an egg, and no money to
buy with, if there had been anything
to buy?no wood to buru, uo fence
around tho house, and so wo had to
burn the stable that tho yankees built
on our lot fdY their horses. !t was des
olation, and with mo almost despair,
but my wife never surrendered, and she
hasn't yet. Sho wants as many gooU
things and nice things as anybody, but
when trouble comes sbo can sutler and
It is a good time about now for a mau
of my years to look back and tako a
Kind of inventory of what I have done
all this time?what had boon accom
plished for tho world's good or any
body's good, not for my own good, for
that don't count up yonder. Before 1
go into the receiver's hands it is well
for me to make, up an invoice. When
a schoolboy wo used to debate whether
or not there was such a thing as disin
terested benevolence, *1 thought then
that there was, but it seems to me now
that almost every good thing I ever did
was very much mixed up with selfish
ness and all that will excuse me will bo
on the lino of tho pout who says,
j "Thoy who joy would win.
Must shaic It? happiness was horn in
There is some comfort in that, for 1
believe I have taken pleasure in divid
ing with others tho blessings that God
has given mo. The retrospect is, how
ever, not free from clouds and blurs,
and I would that I could live those,
parts of my lifo over again, ami live
them bettor. Dr. Johnson Faid to Bos
well that a man who lived for himself
lived in vain, and that it was every
man's duty to do something for Iiis fol
low men and also for those who were to
come after him. "Our fathers and
forefathers," said be. "wrote books and
invented useful contrivances and plant
ed trees and vines for us, and so, as we
eannot pay them for it, wo should do
something for posterity." 1 am about
even on that lino, for 1 have planted
trees botli for shade and fruit wherever
I have lived, and my wife still keeps
mo planting vines. 1 have written
many sketches and a book or two, with
out malice aforethought, and can say
with Byron :
"What is u i it i -? writ,
Would it were worthier."
On the whole I am grateful that my
lifo has been allotted to tho last three
quarters of this century?seven decades
that have witnessed more progress in
science, art, invention and Christian
civilization than any previous thousand
years in the world's history. A great
leap forward has boon made since I
was a boy, for I remember when there
were but few books and fewer newspa
pers in tbe'Untted Statss?when there
was but two or three little short rail
roads, and not a telegraph or a tele
phone? when there was no light but
candle light, and not a friction match
in the world nor a steel pen. But pro
gress always brings a train of evil
thints along with it. Every light has
its shadow. The devil is a lively cuss,
and keeps up with tho procession.
'Man never builds a house of prayer
but what the devil has a pulpit there."
And his pulpit, though invisible, is
at the other end whore the sinners love
to congregate. I remember when there
wen,' no hip pockets nor pistols to put
in them. I remember when there was
no whiskey in this country, and tho
only spirits drank wore wine, peach
brandy, cognac brandy, thai was made
from grapes, and New bag land rum
that the yankees made from molasses.
They made the lum to buy nigger-?
with in Africa, but some of it got down
South. Whiskey came later, and was
originally uskeybaugh, a gastric word
that, strange to say, means water
of life. The last syllable was happily
dropped in tho course of time, for it
means lifo?and uskey was pronounced
But it would take a book to tell all
the changes that have marked tho last
sixty years?the good of it and the bad
of it. 1 would blot some Illings out if I
could, and set the clock buck, but God
kuoweth. Especially would I blot out
every bad thought and every bad deed
of my own?every act that gave pain
or anxiety to those who loved me. Tho
worst word in the language is remorse.
I am free from that, I know, but not
from regret. I wish that all tho young
people would stop and think?some
times stop and think and resolvo to do
nothing that will follow them like Ban
qtie's ghost when they get old.
Bll,r, A HI*.
THE SENATORIAL CAMPAIGN.
Hot Work for July ami August?
Forty County Meetings in Fifty
The State Democratic executive com
mittee held a special mooting on Tues
day night, June 22nd, and arranged for
holding a Senatorial primary on the
Met of August, whieh is tho last Tues
day in the month, and a second pri
mary if nccesnary will be held on tho
1 Ith of September.
The usual fee of $100 for each candi
date will be required, one-half to bo
returned to tiiu defeated candidates.
Tho rule of tho Democratic party as
to pledges hoing tiled, is as follows :
"Tho pledge of such candidate shall
bo tiled on or liefere the day of tho lirst
campaign meeting of the county or
Mr. Winkler said that the oomtnittoo
/vas arranging for an election for usuc
cessor to tne lato Senator Earle. Ho
therefore thought it eminently propor
that a committee bo appointed to draft
resolutions of sympathy for the death
of that distinguished gentleman. The
motion was unanimously adopted and
the chairman appointed Messrs. Wlnk
ler, Maytiold and MeSweonoy to draft
suitable resolutions, which will be
Mr. S. G. Mavtield, a member of tho
committee, announced his candidacy
for tho Sonato.
A sub-committee was appointed to
dosigr.ate the times and places of the
campaign meetings, which are lixed as
Sumtor, Monday, July 5.
Berkeley, Tuesday, July 0.
Charleston, Wednesday, July 7.
Colleton, Thursday, July 8.
Beaufort, Saturday, July 10.
Hampton, Monday, July 12.
Barn well, Tuesday, July 13,
Aikon, Wednesday, July 11.
Kdgeflold, Thursday, July lf>.
Saludu, Friday, July 10.
Lexington, Saturday, July 17.
Fairfield, Monday, July 10.
Kiehlund, Tuesday, July 20.
Orangoburg, Wednosday, July 21.
Dorchester, Thursday, July 22.
Bamberg, Friday, July 2H.
Union, Monday, July 2d.
Spartanburg, Tuesday. July 27.
Cherokeo, Thursday. July 2?.
Greonvillo, Friday, July .'50.
I'lckonB, Saturday, July 81.
Oconeo, Monday, August 2.
Anderson, Wednesday, August 4.
Greenwood, Thursday, August ft.
Abboville, Friday, August 6.
Laurons, Saturday, August 7.
Newborry, Monday, August 0.
Chester, Wedrosday, August 11,
York, Thursday, August 12.
Lancaster, Friday, August 18.
Korshaw, Saturday, August 14.
Chesterfield, Monday, August 10.
Marlboro, Wednosday, August 18.
Darlington, Thuisday, August 10.
M irion, Saturday, August 21.
Ilorry, Monday, August 2,'i.
Georgetown, Wednesday, August25.
Williamsburg, Thursday, August 20.
Clarendon, Friday, August 27.
Floronce, Saturday, August 28.
? The only olty in tho world on tho
lino of the equator is Quito, and there
tho sun rises and sets at tho samo
McLaurin Says He is Not a Protectionist.
AN FXPIjANATION OF his TARIFF
Protection is Wrong in Principle
and Wi-niiK in Practice, but the
South Should Not ItefUse Its Share
in the Protection Urali-KiiK.
Tbo following cxtruct from Senator
McLuurln'd recent speech, in which
he denies that he is a protectionist,
will prove interesting to many of our
Mr. President, although not strictly
in order under this amendment, as the
debate has assumed a wido range on
the subject of cotton, 1 desire to call
the attention of tho Senator in charge
of this bill to paragraph 342 and inquire
and express tbo hope that no will bo
able to explain why a duty is imposed
on juto bagging for covering cotton,
wbuo in another paragraph binding
twine is placed on tbo free list?
If such discrimination can bo defend
ed, 1 am certain tnat it would be
listened to with very great attention.
If such a policy can be justified by any
rule of national legislation, its advo
cates should hasten to make tbo dis
To my mind it assumes tbo form of
studied and pernicious sectionalism,
of a deliberate and premeditated at
j tempt to punish tho cotton planter of
tho South and favor tho grain grower
of tbo North and West. In my opinion
it admits of no other construction.
In fact, a careful examination dis
closes the earmarks of sectional advan
tage running all through tbo provi
sions of tbo bill, w'.ich should o.i a
source of profound regret to evetyone
interested in the general welfare ol our
Tbo South seeks no advantage and
only asks for equal rights under all
Sound public policy, if nothing else,
should secure to us these rig its, since
continued injuries to tho South in the
near future must react on tbo balance
of tbo country. When 1 consider tho
evident unfairness of this measure, l
must confess to u feeling of alarm that
tbo spirit of oppression yet prevails
and tliat the South must continue to
conserve the greed and avarice of tho
This measure will doubtless pass and
become a law. There Is little hopo of
changing few, if any, of its oppressive
features. Yet I desire to go on record
as protesting against its sectionalism
and demanding justice and equality
lor the industries of the South.
Going further into tho details of the
bill, 1 find free binding twino fertile
Northern farmer and taxed cotton ties
and juto bagging for tbo Southern
planter; protected w neat and corn for
the North and, until recently, free
cotton for tho South. Tho Senate com
mittee attempted to protect the North
ern railroad-tie industry and leave the
Southern tie industry to light for itself.
As tbo bill came from the House,
there wore free bides for New Bag
land and taxed ooots and bboes for the
balance of the country.
; 1 lind Northern linseed oil protected
20 cents per gallon and Southern cot
ton-seed oil but 1 cents per gallon.
Maplo sugar, for Vermont and the
North, is protected I ceuts per pound,
while the tar of Georgia and tho Caro
linas is put on tho free list. The tur
pentine of the South is put on the free
list, while the muple syrup of the
North Is protected by a duty of I cents
per pound. Northern bay is protected
$.1 per ton, wiiile Southern oil cake is
placed on the freo list. Cotton waste
is found on the free list, while Now
England Bhoddy is protected 20 cents
I might continue this list of discrim
inations to a greater length. I might
take up the list of manufactured pro
ducts tiud show that ccrtaiu grades
manufactured in the South aro not
protected in proportion to other grades
in similar lines manufactured at the
I might analy/.e the irou, coal, and
other grout industries, and show how
the Eastern monopolists have arranged
their Intricate schedules to plunder
the South. 1 might point to the out
come of tbo recent contest over tho
railroad ties, rice, and cotton schedules
as further evidence of tbo sectional
animus of this bill.
If all tho tricks and schemes of the
New England manufacturers ant.
Kastern importers could be fully ox
posed, tbo peopio would be ama/.ed at
their extent and tbo cunning mani
pulations which tixed them in this bill.
But I have already pointed out enough
to sustain my contention that this hill
is framed upon sectional lines and is
unjust and injurious to the South.
Bven in its provisions of reciprocity
with flawaii tho South bears the bur
den, while tho North, us usual, reaps
the benefit. I venture tho assertion
that 90 per cent of tho freo imports
from those Islands come In direct com
petition with Southern industries,
while 00 per cent of tho exports to
those islands aro Northern products.
While I disclaim most positively uny
attempt to stir up sectional Btrifo or
BSOtlonal animosities, I fool a sonso of
deep concern over tho sectional
features of this measure. Without
intending to criticise anyone, or in
any manner assume superior know
ledge, 1 givo it as a matter of personal
opinion If those who aro opposing this
bill bad taken time to thoroughly
analyze its sectional provisions and
had fought it out on that issue us per
sistently and Intelligently as they DOW
are doing on othor lines, the bill
might have been defeated or a full
measure of justice und fair play
1 boliovo there aro thoso en tho
other side of this Cbamboi 'ho would
reoognize those unfair conditions and
veto with us to correct tho wrong.
Mr. President, in a speech up.in this
bill while under consideration at tho
other end of tho Capitol, I took oc
casion to disclose the result of sec
tionalism in previous tariff legislation,
and the disclosures mado at that time
havo so far remained uncontradicted.
I gave tho fact ? and statistics concern
ing the ditToront suctions of the coun
try with roferonco to tho decrease In
wealth, tho accumulation of wea'th,
and the distribution of capital aud
wealth. In each and every instanco
tho result favored the manufacturing
and money-loaning Status. I will
quote tho conclusions given at that
" Mr. Speaker, I havo shown by
comparison of losses botweon the
uoetions, by >. comparison of gains bo
tweon the soctions, and by tho distri
bution of loanable funds nmong tho
sections, that the manufacturing and
money contors of the East In each hold
a tleeided advantage. I have shown
also that thoso advantages aro in
croaslng every year, and now subir it
tho question whether this state of
affairs is to continuo or not? >.hall
tbo manufacturers and monoy Iranors
of tho E'lst continue to exact * rlbuto
from tho balance of our peopio ? Shall
these two interests stand on tho high
way A national progress, and, like the
huccanoers of old, demand tribute
from all who pass their way.
"The cry for rollef from tho insatiate
groed of these two absorbers of woalth
is coming up from our peopio louder
and moro earuost overy day. Some
thing must bo done, in my judgment,
and that at onco. to stay tbo rapacity
of tho one and lighten tho bunions of
the othor. At, this point it is proper
to ask what has brought about this
V8Ht il i Defence in conditions. While
many no doubt will refuse to accept
my Interpretation, yet I firmly bolleve
that unequal taxation and the innren s
od purchasing nowor of money Hob at
the root of this groat evil. Unequal
taxation brought unfair exchange be
tween the sections, raid the Increased
purchasing power of tbo dollar took
what remaliU3d after the transaction.
11 nances is alone responsible for pre
sent conditions. I am ready to con
cede that our linuncial system is wholly
bad, and has been a potent factor in
bringing uhout tho distress we see OD
every band. Hut, Mr. Speaker, there
must, havo been unfair exchanges
among the people before mouey secur
ed Its present powerful position. So
long as exchanges aro fair an I equal
between tno sections, just so long will
tho people of the various sections
secure their proper share of the money
" When the sectiors which produce
raw material receive proportionate re
muneration with sections which manu
facture, tho producers of raw material
win prosper reoiprooally with those
who manufacture. In other words,
when thoro is a reciprocity in remun
eration or profits for all labor in all
sections there i xirts an equality of re- I
suits, which eliminates the advantage
of ono class of lahorers over another.
Under such condition, no matter
whether tho vt lume of money be great
or small, everyone who labors will re
ceive his proportionate share, and the
money of such u country will remain
uivided among its people, and can not
bo secured anil hoarded by a few while
the many go without. The very mo
ment, however, that ono section ob
tains an advantage unequal exchanges
begin, aud unequal division of money
" Money is the lifeblood of business.
Mowing through the arter < anil veins
of commercial exchange. ?Vlien these
exchanges are fair anil just, the entire
economic system thrills ami vibratos
with this "life giving element. Hat
when exchanges, become unfair, when
some of the veins anil arteries ?re
clogged, and this life-giving clement
does not or ran not return, the entire
system becomes deranged, and the lite
blood is found congested in some parts
and wanting in others. The result is
disaster and death. An unfair protec
tive tui iIV gave the Llisteru manu
facturing States an ail vantage. This
advantage in taxatian made unfair and
umqual exchanges throughout the
country. Through its application the
manufacturer obtained a larger re
muneration for his labor than those
who produced the raw material used
in the factory or the food products con
sumed by the operatives.
*? Under such conditions the manu
facturing centers gradually but sure
ly received an urn pial share of tie
general fund of .reulating medium,
and became the money as weil as the
manufacturing centers of tho nation.
With i ? ory exchange between the
Hast anil tho balance, of toe country an
unfair division of profits or remunera
tion took place, and an unequal por
tion of the general stock of money
went to New England. It was through
this imtnod of unfair exchange, made
possible by umqual taxation, that tin;
K ist obtained more than its proportion
of the money of the country, and now
bids dctlanco to the balance of the na
Mr. President, the more I examined
the subject the more thoroughly I
became Impressed with the belief that
tho people of tho South were being
plundered, and that, as a rule, we were
giving more attention to the propa
ganda of a political theory than the
material Interests of our constituents.
Acting upon this belief, I demanded
of the Committee, of Ways and Means
an equalization of the benefits of this
measure between tho North and the
I assorted that if the policy of the
measuro proved beneflolai, tho South
was sellish enough to want her pro
portion: if. on the contrary, the h'll
should be detrimental, the South was
patriotic enough to stand its share of
disaster; thai in any event and at all
times wo of the South demanded that
all national legislation should distri
bute its burdens and benefits equally
among all the sections and all the peo
ple. The novelty of such a position
was so great and the spectacle so rare
for a Southern representative to make
such demands that ! have, been called
Mr. President, 1 am not a protec
tionist* have never given a vote in
support of that principle or uttered a
word in defense of that doctrine. 1
look upon the doctrine of protection as
indefensible and a potent factor in
building up and maintaining trusts and
monopolies. Certain newspapers in
the North, instead of answering my
arguments against protection, have
been ploased to call mo a protectionist
because I demanded equality before
the law. I stand squarely upon tho
tariff plank of the Chicago platform
and baso my actions entirely upon its
teachings. My votes upon the lumber,
cotton, and rice SChodules are In strict
accord with the doctrines of D.ino
cracy. They were given in defense of
tho people whom I represent, ami to
Compel the ttepubl can party to pi ice
the South on an equal footing with the
balance Of the country.
So far I havo been guided by a sin
cere debiro to ^ervo tho best interests
of my own State and the South. And
l want to say most emphatically that
no matter who may criticise, or what
criticism may be made, I shall continue
to labor for the welfare of South Caro
lina to tho very limits of my ability.
I believe that if the representatives
of each State would labor more
earnestly for the. material interests of
their people tho laws on our statute
hooks would bo less sectional and far
more just- and equitable.
GOOD AND TRUE DEMOCRATIC DOCTRINE.
"TARIFF KOK ltl'A'RNl'l'J ONI,Y."
a lie FallaOlOfl Of Ihe Democratic
I He on (or>. Who Are Occupying the
i'( p11111 o ;i ii Camp?A Democratic
Tenet Deeply Grounded as the
Senator 'CulYery, of Louisiana, made
an able speech hist weok in tho United
States Sonato, in which ho reviewed
tho history of protection from tho
oarly days of the government, and
gave a concise statement of Democratic
doutrino on tho tariff issius. Tho fol
lowing oxtract is worthy of perusal :
Mr. President, we hear Senators on
this Uoor belonging to the Democratic
party stating four propositions :
First. The doctrine of freo raw
material is not Democratic.
Second. That if one article Is dutltd,
all ought to ho.
Third. That if protection is going
the rounds, Democrats might as won
got tho benelil of it by asking to bo
protected in homo industries.
[fourth. That thero is DO principle
involved In a tarill' bill, hut it is a
moro question of schedules.
The lirst proposition may he answer
oil by the declaration of the platform
of 1ND2 d jclaiing expressly for tariff
for revenue only, tho declaration ol
every platform from 1840 to 1?D2 de
claring that tho hopes and views of
the party wero for freo trade. Hut
casting asido precedent, wo havo tho
proposition that, conceding that it is
wrong to protect manufacturers, and
manufacturers are nevertheless pro
tected, It is right to protect or to tax
tho raw materials used by thorn.
This proposition is doubly fallacious;
fullaclous from a logical standpoint
aud fallacious from a revenue stand
point. It Ib admitted that protection
to manufactures is wrong, if this be
h >, it is a further wrong to inllict ?
another unjustlfiablo tax upon tho peo
ple. Can one wreug bo romodied by
p-rpotrating ajother? Can Demo
prate go beforo the country and com
plain of the exactions placed on the
olll/.en oy law, and then add to thoso
exaction* by further legislation Y
It is fallacious from another stand
point. We want an export traue to
g*tve room for additional employment
(Oour people and larger development
C? lobrated for its great leavening
Btreugth and hoalthfulnoss. Assures
the food against ulum and all forms
of adult (ration common I ? i Iiu oheap
Royal Baking PowdkkCo.,
tax on manufactures Is wrong, and
legislation oan not bo procured to re
move it at once, whyorlpplo the manu
faoturer with such rates us will raise
tin; home price so high us to be more
burdensome on tbe people and prevent
him from competing with foreigners
I in tbe outside marketsV X.? en
j lightened nation on tho globe taxes
] raw material used in maoufaotures.
If revonue is sought, why seek it
throuvh a channel that cripples the
muuufacturing Industry, prevents ex
pansion, ami i!i nies labor an oppor
tunity to work V
If revonue is wanted and not protec
tion by a tax on manufactured articles,
is it not absurd to tax the raw materials
out of which they are made? blither
the raw mat' rials must bo imported or
thej are produced at home. In tho
first case acomponsating duty is neces
sary or you discriminate against the
manufacturer by the amount of tho
duty on tho raw material, and in tho
second the duty is useless.
A Democrat ought not to sustain a
of tax on raw material. I f on the ground
protection, he violates his partytoreod;
if for revenue, he doubles the tax
on the peopie. Tho tru > theory
is to tax neither the competing for
eign manufactured artiolo nor of
the raw material of the home manu
facture. But if tho selection Is to be
made tor revenue purposes between a
lax on tin; raw material of the home
manufacturer and the competiug
foreign article, clearly the Latter is to
i be taken. If the raw material is
taxed, you must place an equivalent
duly on the finished product or you un
justly discriminate against tho home
If both the raw material and the
Ii lished product are taxed, ana tbe
principle is carried out all along the
line, the burdens on the people are
doubled, and in the name of revenue a
wail of protection is built up around
I tho object is to bottle up tho in
dustries of the United States in our
own borders, a tux on raw materials,
added to a compensating duty, accom
plishes it. I'lacinc a duty on raw
matei ials handicaps our mannfacturors
in foreign markets, even when a com
pensating duty is levied.
To recoup he . list atltl the duty on
tho raw material to the selling price
of tiie manufactured article. This he
can not do In a foreign market, against
a foreign competitor who has free raw
materials. Sou place hioi on an
('quality with tho foreigner in tho
home market by a compensating duty,
and you destroying aim in toe foreign
market. You Invite competition ai
home, and you destroy his chance of
The. prepositions that duties must In:
levied ab along t ie line : that if plun
dering is the. order of the day we must
join ihe gang '? that no principle is in
volved in the taritT issue, but it is a
meto question of arranging sehedul s,
won o seem to ho refuted by their
Sir, preetdout and principle alike
refute these propositions. Veteran
Democrats who were born ami will die
with true Democratic faith in their
mi bds ami hearts repudiate them.
They look upon them as an attempt
to cruo'fy their creed. And like the
Christian wbo embraces the Image of
hltO rue liod Saviour as Hit: lest hour
ol mortality approaches, so will thoj
embrace and cling to, with a love, anil
fervor and faith which no sophistry
can destroy and no temptation netray.
tho anoient doctrine of taritT for ro*
venue only as the nearest approach
to that free trade hoped for by the
Democrats of o,.l.
Sir, Is it possible that we denounce
plunder only to join tho plunderers :
that we point to tho straight and
honest path of Democratic duty and
then tread the primrose path of Ke
? AN 1>
"A.igiiRla and Asiieville Short Line."
Bohedulo in effect Fob. 7, 1800.
Lv Augusta. !? to *m
Ar Greenwood.12 17 pm
- LnurciiB. II.) pm
Urccnvillc. :i 00 pm
Glenn Springs.... 40ipm
Spartanburg.3 (:0 pm
Baluda.... .... 5 23 pm
Hondersonville. .. 651 pm
Asheville. 7 00 pm
i 40 pre
li in pm
7 no am
in I? am
H '-'O am
11 46 pin
10 00 am
ursniiviira.11 60 am
Laurens. 1 80 pm
- '2H pm
ArAueiisla. ;> ihi.pm
Columbia, i ?
Ycmassec. 0 'Idain
0 26 am
4 ii(i pm
7 ihi pm
I 00 am
11 It am
I I 16 an,
II 60 an
'2 l?i pm
'2 f>7 pm
8 18 pm
I 30 pm
(i 42 pm
!? 30 pm
7 00 am
!? .V? am
11 no am
11 as am
12 10 pm
12 50 pm
.1 (Hi pm
8 in pm
'.' 56" pm
f> 00 pm
.'. IS pm
fl 20 pm
7 '.'a pm
7 80 pm
M 00 pm
8 08 pm
Poi t Royal. '! 65pm
llcaiifort .7 lOpm
Ycma?seo . . 3 45pm
Vloso connections at Greenwood for all
points on 8. A. L. and 0. AO. Kailwav, and :
at Spartanburg with Southern Railway.
For information relative to ticket*, rates
schedules, etc . address
W, J. CKAIU.Gen. rase. Agent, Augus
k.V i. NORTH, Sol. Agent, Augusta, Ga
JL13. Curehm. Agent, H. Speights ,
publican wickedness ; that wo abhor
tiif fi? and join tho Blnnore t
Djinooraoy may bo wrong In politlonl
e onomy, but Democrats can not do
conscious wrong in matters of public
and pnvato morality. Men have boon
burnt at tho stake for conscience bake.
It lb nota ?| lestioa, bo far a.. Individual
action is concerned, <>f the verity of
our political creed. The question to
govern our eouduot as citizens and in
dividuals ami members of a political
organization is whether we conscien
tiously believe that protection icads to
legal robbery, if ?ve do?and I know
I do ?then under no oircuOJBtancea
will, by my vote, rob one of my foltow
Sir, not only is "tariff for revenue
only" a I) Uiooratlo tenet of the thst
magnitude, hut it is grounded in hu
man nature us deep as is the Decalo
Democratic doctrine, as contained
in tu nil policy, is that a man's pro
perty Is Iii-? own: that while it is neces
sary to contribute a part of his gal us
to support the contrivance of govern
ment! in compensation for the protec
tion it alTords him in his person and
property and pursuits, anvil.ine be
yond that is exi irtion and robbery.
That doctrine Is, that under tho
specious guise of protection tho aub
Btanco of the musses is taken and handed
over to the classes.
Is not the robbery effected by ar
rangement of schedules? When the
WOOleu schedule places DO per cent on
the wearer of a hat or a coat more
i i nan he should pay, and whi n more
I than half of this amount goes to the
WOOlgrowor and the woolen manu
fuoturer, is it not a robbery '}
When a poor man has to pay 50 to
I 110 tier cent on tho pane of glass in
j his humble windows, anil all of it goes
I to tho gl.iss maker, is it nota rob
I bury ?
I when a poor woman, God (earing,
anil Industrious, wishes to adorn tier
' cottage wit*: a damask tablecloth und
has to pay '.'u |,er cent more, than she
would, and none of it goes to the Gov
eminent, is it not robbery V
if, sir, the great and glorious prin
ciple that no man is of rieht hound to
pay tribute to another is taken from
Do moo racy, than Democracy is and
has been a sham?an empty sound I
without significance or substance.
It is the i bsentiul principle of liberty. I
Ii will survive parties and platforms. ?
It is engraved iu the minds ol free- I
men all over the world. It will sur
vive when the capitol itsi If is iu rums.
It will be in the future, as in the past,
the bo aeon of lieht to guide the path
of patriots to honest government.
It will some time in the near future,
I hope, be lirmly install id as the pre
vailing; govornmortal policy?the only j
policy that will glvo scope to entor
I prise, health to Industry, employment
to labor, contentment to the masses,
j and stability t<> our institutions.
Southern and Western Stork Men
Know a good thing when they see it.
Therefore, for Scratches, Sweeny,
llinghoue, Strains, Sprains. Bruises,
Sadi le and Harness Halls, and all ail
moots of horses, tin y use I vice's Goose
! Grease Liniment. It is good for man
or beast. Sohl and guaranteed by all
j druggists ami g< neral stores.
? The whole world now operates
?00 000 miles of telegraph lines, and
the cbarjri a for messages amount to
nearly $-100 0 10,000 annually.
? Two seconds don't Hmount to very
much, but a horse trotting n mile in
?.O'H would finish S? feet ahead of one
. goinir at J.oT I trait.
Til H LAURliNS B?R.
W. II. MARTIN,
A( Idi ncy at I.a w,
Lachkns, - South (Jauolina.
Will practice In all Courts of this .Stale
Attention glvmi to nol (actions.
J. T. JOHNSON. w. it. UIOI1KY
JOHNSON & ItlCIIHY,
ATTOUN B YS at caw.
Okfiok- Kteinlnn'Corner, Portliest
? side of I'ubllc Sqiinre.
II. Y. SIMPSON. C. Ii. IIARKSDALB
SIMPSON AL BAKKHDAL13,
Attorneys at Law,
I.Al'KKNS. SOUTH CAKOL1NA
special attention given to the Invostl
gallon of titles and collection of claims
B.W.BALL? I. W.H1MK1NS. W.W.BALL
BALL, SIMKINS ?V BALL,
Attorneys at Law,
LAUHKNg, South CAROLINA.
Will practice In ?Ii state and United
statt??. Court. Special attention given
ATLANTIC COAST LINE
PA88KNOKK DKi'A HTM KNT.
Wilmington, N. C, Jan. 19.'A, 18^-?
? IJKTW' KKN?
Charleston and Columbia and Upper
South Carolina, North Caro
lina, and Athens and
0ONDBN8BD H<:il mtl' LB
7 00hm* I.v
.... l.Murena ....
... Greenwood ....
. ..Mho-' Ga_
.. Winnsboro, 8, c.~
..Charlotte N. <:..
...Anderson, 8, C.Lv
.. Ashevtlle.N.C ..
'. I o.':,iv.
3 35 pm A r
Noh, 52 and 5.3 Solid trains betwoi n
( harlcRton ami Columbia, 8. C, and can?
through OOaoh between Charleston ar i
Atlanta. U.M. EMER80N,
Abb'1 Oon'l Papscn^er Ant.
i U. KKM.Y, T. M. KMEK80N,
''pd'I MsnAtrsr, Trarno Mannee*
???d*in?il solieilule In K?T??*
NOV. IB. 1800.
CrTOb i?. r^ ? b t < > a L
Lt. Ooinmbln ..
A*T Abbe villa
It. Andaraon .
Ar. Gi oenvtlTa
Ar. Atlant? ..
CV Audoraou ?...:
M dr.-.-iiwoaH .
Lt. Nawnirry ..
Ar. Columbia ^
11 (kl ? h
1? 11 p n?
II 23 p ra
1 26 p ra
I 46 p ra
n? p ?
' B M p in
4~2?" p m
iu 55 a in
10 56 a ra
II IS a m
11 05 a ra
1135" a" m
12 02 p ra
IT 46 a ra
f'.' 20 p ra
1 00 p na
1 26 p m
2 26 p ra
2 37 p n.
3 50 p ra
"ff 00 p ra
Ta >?. 7 io*|Lt.
s ?uiilri u>ft, '*
?e?ii 18 I5u
10 0 in "
1 A'ipl ** .... (iiintUO ....
IOWihi'i 2 02p| ". Union.
1080k 228p\H . Jontiavllla
lowii! -^irrpl ".fivcoiot ...
11 2."?? J H'p Ar Pimrtunbiirg.
liana! BBBp Lv Bpartanlmrg.
j 40pj 7 uoj) Ar_AshevUI?..
l.v M 45a
A nil 2Sa
Lv! 8 20*
8 4 *
"P." p. m. "A." a. m.
Train? 0 and 10 entry elegant Pnllmaa
Bleeping cor? bet ween Columbia niici Ashevllla,
: atirout? daily Utwom Jnckuunvllle and CUcola
Trains Innve Hpftrtanbnro, A. St C. divUloa.
northbound, n 42 ft. m , 8:47 p. m.. 0:18 p m.,
1 (Vesillmle I.liultod) j Hinuhbound 12:26 a. m.,
1 1:16 p. m.. U W a. m., (Ve?tlbula Llinitvd.)
Trnln? d-avo tiroiinvUle, A. anil (;. dlvtatua.
i Borthbo>ind.6:45a- in., 2 Iii p. m. and5:S0p. m.,
i (Taatlbviled LUnllo.U ; southbound. 1:2u a. a-,
4iSUp. w 12:28 p. m i Veritlbulsd I.lmttadl
Pul". mi sarvle?.
PnllinMi palniie ?lefplng cart on Train?80aa
Cfl, 87 and .tft, od A. and O. division.
VT. H OHICICN, J. M OULP
CKn. Suiierlnt indent. TraflBo M'g'r,
WaHhliiKion. D. u Washington, u.
! ?.A. TURK. ?. BL HARDwlOK.
?an. I'iwmi Ag't. Aa'l Uf?n. Fan? Ag t.
VMhlifimi I>. a AtUuta. (H
Who is Will Whitener ?
He is our Fashionable Hair Cutter and Shaver
-IN BENDELLA HOTEL.
-TTf rfWT**f TLr^LJT***aBLilK"*>lT
On Pianos, Organs and Sewing Machines. We
drive our business these hard limes by soiling at Cut
Prices. We don't pit down and croak about the scarcity
of money like the old fossils who let purchasers pass
on when they won t pa y them great long profits. If you
want to purchase a Piano or an Organ come and see
us and we will sell you. We have on hand the largest
and best selected stock ol Pianos in the State, including
some of the best makes on the market, and we aroi/oillir
to sell them. We guarantee our prices to be lower
than any other reliable dealer will make Our terms for
time purchasers are easy. Only a small cash payment
required and we make the sailing smooth. For
Spot Cash Buyers we will say, you can buy a Piano or
Organ cheaper from us than from any concern in the
business. We keep constantly on hand a full stoe.K
of small instruments, consisting of Guitars, Banjos,
Mandolins, Aufoharps, Violins, &c. Also the various
parts, strings and supplies for same. We are selling
Sewing Machines at ridiculously low prices. If you
want one, just intimate it, and you will bo surprised how
low you can buy one. Our stock of sheet music, both
vocal and instrumental, is kept full, and you can get any
of the popular and up-to-date songs and music at any
lime. Yours truly,