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;!'* CiM.OKHf) I.A?OK in KKI.ATIOa
* to Tin-: ruosPKinry OF tuio
The past lew years havo,beoa noted
for the gr%ttt- amount of < discontent
among nil laborl?g und produe.tlvo
classes. Tho agriculturist tins coin
plained much and with good reason, \
for bo ha? suffered much. Tin?, poor
roturns had by him have been acmciont
grounds for outcry. lie has appealed
to legislation for reli?.-, but bis cry has !
boen unheard. Tho futility ot fur- '
thcr a|>peal is ovidont to every ODO',
The farmer :i list bo his own bi>?t I
\ friend. All of tho fuggestod, remedies
have been tried and have failed. He
is as much tho victim of combinations
and trut-ts today ?h before be estab
Ushcd tbc "Grange." or Joft tho old
political parlies to form a third. It is
so because capital is so much more
ensily combined than labor, and
especially this form of labor which is
so evenly (list Iibiittd, and c?n from its
very nature have no great centers.
These conditions are DOt temporary but
permanent. The fariutii need noi hope
ever to be able to cope successful y
with all the varied forms of combined
capital, not to lind relief from thorn by
law. His only hope for larger profits
0U the farm lies in Iiis ability to make
the farm yield more in proportion for
what ho spends for bis product and
th?:: to sell that product in the best
market be can find. In other words,
larger returns from the same expendi
tures will heli> the farmer and this
The farmer's expense account is
principally made up of interest on the
original investment, fertilizers, fann
ing implements and labor. Of these
the most fixed in price and most varia
ble In quality is labor. Some laborers
are the best in vest moot at bigb prices.
Others are a loss, however cheaply em
Labor affects the farm itself. Any
farm can be improved 01 in jured by
poor labor or good. The quality of
the labor affects the uxpenso of the
farming implements. Improper use of
these restris in breaking or damaging
them and tendering Ibcm useless.
Especially is this true of the more
costly labor-saving machines. Also
good care of them who 1 not in use will
prolong their period of service, while
unskilful treatment will allow them to
be eaten up with instand shorten their
term very decidedly.
But the most important thing to the
farmer is tho product or the farm.
Labor affects tins first in the proper or
improper preparation of the ground
for the seed ; in the careful or negli
gent planting of the seed or selling of
slips ; in the skilful or unskilful plow
ing or hoeing of tin- growing plant ;
in the frugal or wasteful harvesting of
tho manned product ; in the Attention
paid to ii while awaiting the lime for
the 8 lie in I attractive or unattract
ive way in which it is prepared for
market. Thus at every day of its his
tory ilie product of the farm is iiillu
oncod by tho labor employed, and -ill
will agree tbet it is better for the farm
er to pay a good price for trained labor
than a smaller one for a poorer quality.
The Soul hern farmer's labor supply
is tho colored population. That ibis
will be the case for a long time there
is little reason to doubt, t hat this la
bor at present is very unsatisfactory ail i
farmers tosiify. To improve tho qual
ity of this labor is a task to which ev
ery farmer in the Sou ill should address
How may this be done?
As for that great army or laborers
in our Southern Heids already, hardly
any answer can be returned. As for
tbc future supply of laborers, the
question is more easily answered, viz:
give, tbc young colored people a train
ing in agricultural and industrial
schools, and thus equip them fully to
do this better class of work, it is a
good sign that at this time so much
attonti n is being paid to this kind of
education for colored people. Could
these schools be so multiplied as to in
clude, a much larger 'per cent of the
colored population in lhe circle of their
Influence, the labor on our farms would
lb two or three years begin to im
prove. A school in which a young
man is taught how to farm skilfully ;
how to produce the most at the small
est outlay ; bow to utilize everything
about the place ; how to attain as
nearly as possible to that Idoal of farm
ing where all of the varied operations
complete^one great circle where noth
ing is lost?a school like this is a foun
tain of blessing lobolh the farmer and
the laborei of this land. This kind of
school does not educate away from la
bor, as so much of Ihe education given
to the. colored man has done, but edu
cates for labor, for any man loves to
do what he can do well, and what be
can command good wages in doing.
The good results of these schools is
evident to all who have any knowledge
of them. But they arc as yet reach
log such a small proportion of the |
colored population that their influence
is comparatively small. A large in
crease In tho number of these schools
would gieatly hasten the result of an
abundant supply of llrst-clnss labor for
These schools uro the least oxpen- !
alvc of any form of training. They
can he made in large measure self-sup
porting, since an individual's lahor can
nearly always be made to dt-fr.iy his j
necessary expenses. One competent'
superintendent, who can be had foi a j
small salary, and a medium sized farm
of "".i.I arable land, upon which is a
house roomy enough for a dormitory
for tho colored boys with some mess
arrangement, together with necessa
ry stock and implements would ho a
auilicicht equipment for a good training
school. The plant, should not he too
well equipped. Xio exponsive prcpa
lion is necessary. Tho hoys are to
learn to he practical and resourceful.
It is a good investment of monoy to
put in Huch work as this. It is a bless
ing to ihu laborer. A better quahts
of labor would most surely make bet
tet 1 inioa for tho farming- interosts.
It would improve the farm. It would
ttt,op the leaks in farming operations.
It would conserve wealth. It would
increase the amount of laxablo prop,
crty. 1 do Q?t doubt that if logisla?
turos would ifivobt some of tho farm
ers' monoy, which ho pays in the way
of taxes to tho 3tnto, in such schools,
that Ihcy would not only confer an im
measurable blossing on the formers,
. hut WOtlld Increase the revenues to the
' state by making the farming lands
much more valuable.
Tho surest basin of prosperity is m
' good returns from the farm. The boRl
i way to seeiin: this is in the use of a
I better grade of labor.
l). Clay Ltlly,
Secretary Colored ISvougelizaliuu
Presbyterian Church in U. s.
Tin-: pakmi:\T a*n"> tue trust.
The trust is the enemy of the farmer.
I lie lias enough enemies without bc
i ing subjected io a now one, ami that
; the mo t insidious and relentless oi' all
I which can bo imposed on agricultural
; lifo. While every man in the Commu
nity will bo iujurcd by tho trust, ex
cept the Stockholders in the trusts;
. while every class and all professions,
; will, to a larger or lesser dogrco, pay
tribute to the trusts, ihe farinor will ho
more seriously affected than any other.
Every piece of tuachiucry,every Imple
ment, utensil which the fainter uses
will be in control of the trust. The
trust will manufacture them; will put
them on the market; will impose tho
tribute which the consumer must pay.
The Ste el Tru-t'v will hi the chief cormo
rant. We will use it for illustration for
the reason thai il is completely organiz
ed, and its deleterious effects are al
ready being felt. Since the organiz
ation of the Steel Trust steel has ad
vanced in price 100 per cent, and is
still advancing. This trust owns the
market. It is impossible foi COIUpoli
liou to lake place. There is no seilet'
other than the $200,000,000 Steel Trust.
Every man who is engaged in manu
facturing -my article which is used by
the fanner musl buy his steel which en
ters into the making of the article from
the slcul Tins'.. Ho must pay U)U per
cent, more for it than he did o. o yea
ago. Every steel platt which was in
the United Stales has been swallowed
up by the Si eel Trust. Some of the
former plants have been closed. Thous
ands ol employes have been discharged
and tin- trust is enjoying tho difference
between the cost ol production a year
ago, an i the present soiling price. If
there was live dollars piolil Oil the pro
duction ol steel when it was si lling at
?SI7 per ton, there is now a profit of ?22.
The cost of producing the ton of Steel
has not Increased. On the contrary,
it has lessened. It lakes no more ore,
or coal, or any oilier material which
i-ulcis into its production than it did
before the trust L")t control. Less la
bor is used to make it. Fewer sales
men an-1 mployed. Actually the profits
of Mm Steel Tl'USl are three hundred
percent, more than they were less than
twelve months ago. li is the most
unmitigated oppression ever imposed
The farmer will Und that within a
\ i ar. perhaps much sooner, he will have
to pay to the Steel Trust from Ulitly to
forty per cent more for his agricultural
Implements than he has done in the
past. The lax, for such it is, is venal
in the highest dogroo. There is no
relief for the farmer with the repub
lican part}' in power. It must be de
feated before justice will como. The
farmer should remember also that for
every bridge which is buill, the struc
tural iron used therein will cost one
hundred percent, more than formerly.
The Steel Trust is a monster which
will devour the substance of the farmer.
The piomoters e?f the trust are now
at work to form a [lard Wood Trust.
When that is accomplished they will
fix the price on every slick of timber
which the farmer offers for sale. That
trust will be the only purchaser, Then
he will have to pay IribUiC to the Var
nish Trust and to the Paint Trust. Pour
hundred millions of dollars will he put
into a trust to control the wheat pro
duct. It will be done. That organized
and the price will be fixed for the far
mer on his wheat. The farmer will not
have a general market, lie will bo
compelled to sell to the trust at its fig
ures. They will form a Wool Trust.
When the clip is shown the trust will
lix the price per pound which the far
mer shall receive. The product will
be held by the trust, and sold at its
pleasure at a tremendous profit. Cloth
ing, bread, and everything else which
is nccessaiy for the sustenance and
comfort, wi.l he put into a trust. The
farmer will have to sell at the. price
fixed by the trust ami he will have to
buy at the price fixed by the trust. Ho
will be robbed in selling, and he will
be robbed in buj ing.
lie will be. the slave of the trusl. He
will sweat and his bones will ache, but
the profits which arise from the con
sumption ol what he produces will go
to the trusts. It is just as easy to form
a trust on wheat and on wool as it is to
forma Steel Trust. The cormorants
wiil not, stop until the Ins! drop of blood
is sucked from the agriculturists. They
know their business. They know what
ancasymaik the fanner is, and they
know bow quietly and patiently he
I bears burdens. They will impose them.
There \\ ill be no use in crying after the
nulk is spill.? Cincinnati Enquirer.
An enter , ,.ig (leorgia farmer has
become t' juicer in a new industry
--name1 making syrup out oi wutot*
melon i'lio cuta tho melons in halves,
scoo* yout the. pulp, runs it through a
oide/mill, pie-scs out Iho juieo ami
then l)oils it lor twelve hours over a
hot lire. (Jut of 270 melons, worth gfi
or 80 at wholesale, he gets thirty gal
lons of syrup and markets the product
at 00 coHls per gallon' The refuse Is
fed to the hogs, cattle and chkkons,
and the whole Operation is very profit
Celery Sulad?Chop up the white
stalks of two bunches of celery and
put into a salad howl wuh tho chopped
yolks and whites of four hard-boiled
eggs. Pour over it cupful of mayon*
uaiso' dressing, garnish with celery
tips, and servo vory cold.
Your Money Hack if Alligator lAni
nipni don't prove to you that It it's worth
moro than you paid tor it This la a hold
statement. Htlll we h >vo been guarantee
inn It for years, and it always proves satis
factory. Try it for Rheumatism, Neural
gia or any pain. Hold overy whero.
Bears tho KM You llara Always Bought
TINO FIRST IMPULSE IN HUMAN
When persons begin their life work
or uro thrown upon own resoures und
exertions for a support, tfie lirsi motive
is the making of a living. There must
he enough income from their labor to
keep those, who are dependent upon
the labors ami to pi OY id o a decent sup
port lor themselves, or they labor in
vain, or at a loss. It is obliged to be a
bard Bfrugglo for day laborers who
have, no reserved capital to carry them
over light places, to pay unexpected
doctors bills or funeral charges for those
who must be buried. II Bickucgs over
takes the only wage earner in the lam
ily, then everything stops at once, ex
cept rents and provision bills and debts.
lu considering the opportunities for
making a living, it is astonishing that
the people who must work (or perish)
do not consider the advantages that ag
riculture oilers, because it is the only
calling where nature works all night
with the growing crops, to aid the man
who works all day to make the living
foi himself and family. For example,
tiike tho day laboter with a half dozen
children, from two to twelve years of
age. Suppose he is a carpenter and
makes $1.60 a day at his calling. That
will bring him in ?.1!) for 20 Working
days in the mouth, supposing that
he has a job that never fails, ,
and the cash is always "OU lap."
Mo can linrdly got a house to live in
near such work under $U por lUOUtll.
His fuel will average 8>? per month in
the winter time, if they are warm and
comfortable, with a family of eight. If
the eight members of the family are
clothed and shod, as they deserve to be
in this land of civilization, he will do
well to come oil* with another ?10 ft
month, not counting what they eat and
drink, which will COUSUiUO the lest. If
the carpenter makes "buckle and ton
gue meet," he does exceedingly well.
Should the job fail, or the wages get
tied up in court, as some time happens,
Iben the whole thing stops, as before
Take this man, with six children on
a rented farm, where he supplies noth
ing but his labor, Counting his wile,
who can hoe and pick cotton?in a
pinch- there are live who can aid in
making the crop. The. house and luel
are furnished gratis. They can run two
plows, anil cultivate .*>0 acres of land
in corn and cotton. If they are will
ing to do so, such a cropper can al-o
manago ten acres in wheat - the land
lord furnishing land, seed, mules and
iluplcruont8, for two-thirds as rent, re
ci iving only bail' with I he corn and cot
ton as rent. If the ten acres nroilnce
only ten bushels to the acre?tlie labor
er gOlS at least .*!0 bushels to his share,
after threshers are paid?amply enough
to give bis family llotir bread the year
round. Along with corn and vegeta
bles, elc., he is well supplied. Twenty
live acres in corn should make at least
10 bushels (o the acre if properly cul
tivated, ami much uioro when extra
pains are taken. The h ilf ol this yield
will not only bread hio family, but feed
a COW and soil)'; pigs luxuriously.
These a: e the essentials of a living, and
not a dollar of expense, except the
clothes mii the food perhaps in the
lirsi vear. Twenty-live acres in cotton
should make at least 12 hales on fair
acreage land. Allowing one bale for
his share ol* guano bills, there are live
bales that may be his own property,
with proper industry, at the end of the
Of course a farmer must give the
same time in labor?as the carpenter?
to make a parallel comparison. He
must put in the same hours and do his
work as faithfully; and while the sum
mer boat is trying, he can sit by tho
lire in wintry storms, while the saw
and plane must go on from .January to
December -cold or hot, rain or shine?
or bo docked lor lost time.
THIO deadly cigarette.
Tor some reason the warfare against
the cigarette has well nigh ceased,
Ihouph the evil is generally admitted
to be constantly increasing. We have
even heard it gravely hinted by those
who used to assail the habit vigorously
that it is not so much of a eureo after
all, as we had been led to believe. Hut
the physicians still insist that it i9
ruinous lo the health of boys, and the
bloodshot eyes and palefaces of young
smokers confirm the opinion of tho
doctors. We have no doubt iu tho
world that the cigarette destroys five
boys where whiskey kills one. One
reason fur this is that it is unpopular
for a youth lo drink whiskey, but quite
the thin .; for him to smoke a cigarette.
Recently we heard an old man implor
ing a young fellow to stop smoking be
cause the deadly effect of the habit was
plainly written in the boy's face. The
old goiUlcman told the youth that he
would giadly yet down on his kp/ses iu
the street whero they were Standing;
and pray I he Lora to give him strength
to break the habit, if he would allow
him. Tho boy replied that it was of
no use?the habit had such ahold upon
him he could not quit it. That was a
sad picture. We snail not soon forgot
tlie look ol pity on tho old.man's face
nor that of hopelessness on the face of
the boy as t!u;y departed in siloncc.
There in b'fj money iu cigarettes, to bot
Bine,?millions liavo boon made by
their sale?but wo know one woman, u$
loving mother, who would give all the;
millions of a Rockefeller, if she owned
them, if she only bad her dear boy backj
again. There are large nunibora of
bright boys who read those columns.-'We*
long to see them develop mto liobip and-]
useful men. You cannot possibW ho-?,|
come a noble or a useful man, my boy,
and smoke cigarettes at the Kum^imc.
Ouo oi two things you mu*t surlo-uder
?your manhood or yowii cigar6tte.j
Which shall it be??Charity aM (Jtylld-.
A European syndicate' coinp.i.ied of
French. German and Russian capitalist*'
has hefen formed, with a capital of
?20,000,000, to devoir, o the hog busi
ness in tho countries named. Attention
will ho specially directed toward tb??.
country being opened up by the Sib
erian rnilwav in Itussm, where climatic,
crop and soil conditions arc similar to
tho Poland-?hma territory of tho north
west. Tho American hog Is today
without a rival and has rooted hie way
into nearly every country on earth.
THANKSGIVING DA V.
"Once more the liberal year laughs out,
O'er Holier stores than gern? or >;oUI:
Once more with harvest song and shout,
Is Nature's bloodless triumph told.
Our kindly Mother, rests and Bings
lake ituth, among her garnered sheaves;
Her hip is full of goodly Illings.
Her brow is bright with autumn leaves."
"Swifter than a weaver's shuttle"
the busy days and weeks and months
go by, making the years, thai slip by
so rapidly we scarcely can realize their
passing. It seems only a little while
since we were making ready for last
Thanksgiving Day, but a whole year
has passed and now I he nunc pleasant
duty is before us. A retrospect of
the intervening year will show us
inucli for Which wc should i'ccl pro
foundly thankful in this section of the
country. No great calamities of lire,
tlood and storm have devastated our
borders nor has any special epidemic
of disease entered our homes to be
leave. It is truo the summer was hot
and dry and we were without many
COIUforts that usually we. enjoy in the
way of fruits and vegetables ; yet this
was useful for it learned us on how
little variety we could live well. For
our staple products the prices are bet
ter ; so for this blessing and for the ex
periences that made us wiser and more
thrifty, then too for protection from
danger, we should especially remember
the coming Thanksgiving Day 1-et
us observe it in the spirit by services in
our churches and glad reunions iu Our
homes. Some ol* these homes, in vari
ous sections of our country mourn for
soldier boys in the far away Philip*
pine. Islands. For some purpose, that
we cannot uudotslaud, Uod has per
mitted this war to he, hut out of it no
doubt, some good will eventually como ;
with unque&tiouiug faith we live and
wait until the end shall be. From an
exchange we give to our readers a
beautiful selection, "The Home Com
ing Time :"
Among the things that should make
this Thanksgiving season one of special
gratitude is the fact (hat isir.) has been
a wonderlul year of home-coining?a
tune in which not only individuals, but
communities and oven nations have
seemed lo turn mote or less earnestly
to better phases of life. It has been a
wonderlul year for the return lo nobler
purposes, truer views and higher lines
of thought on all vital moral questions.
This last, is a genuine coming home,
for the natural resting place for the
heart of man is on eternal righteous
ness and truth. The home of the
race is the heart of God, and it is only
when i erverlcd and wandering and
turned aside from its Father's house
that ll can revel in opinions o*r deeds
that, are not for the good of humanity.
In this turning of men's hearts to
ward a new sense of national obliga
tion and honor, in the. growing recog
nition of new and nobler standards
of business integrity, in the recognition
of our need of a purilied social life, in
the changed sentiment as to moral and
religious duly, we see abundant rea
son for unlimited thanksgiving and
Wo do not forget the old story. We
know how the Thanksgiving proclama
tion reads, and how it has read ever
since in childhood we saw the til 1 pas
tor unfold the important-looking sheet
in the pulpit, and wondered if it could
be ipule riglrt for him to have such a
worldly looking "hand-bill" in the
We are lo be thankf'.n now as then
for the sun and the rain and the har
vests ; tor the poaco, prosperity. and
plenty of the land ; lor a Constitution
and a Government that have their
foundations in justice ; lor institutions
that ought to hold us back from every
threatening ruin and wreck-; for our
greatness in our own sight ami in iho
sight of the other nations of the
lint wo must not forget that except
as they lead lo the individual or na
tional development of character, all
these fail of Iho blessing they were
meant to be. Prosperity thai fosters
self-indulgence and indolence becomes
a curst!. Wealth that encourages ex
travagance or tempts to vice <s not a
gill that "calls foi loudest praise."
National gi outness that stimulates na
tional greed is not a thing over which
to rejoice. Tho soen.uig good is but
lh'0 outward shell of the real good. If
broken, it yiolds no reality of greatness
or prosperity or worth, then it is but a
doubtful blessing at best, and calls lor
no devout thanksgiving.
But for reality, lor true vnlue, for
gain in lightness of living and think
ing, for the hpme-CQinlng of vagrant
stalls, for the home-coming of deluded
purposes and wandering thoughts, for
every gain to man, woman or child in
education, in temperance, and in hon
esty or truth, for every step of Iruo
progress, in the nation's life, for every
good woid said or good work done in
the year that ia past, thanksgivings too
neep to bo uttered should thrill Iho
b'.art of every lover of his kind.
(JlVK TlIEM A LITTLE COLLEGE
EXPERIK.VCE.?It is the duty Of every
farmer to send the boys and girls oil'
to school somewhere bei ore they start
out in life, if it isn't any thing more
Ilm? a reim at the agricultural college,
taking in V.liat is usually known as tho
..winter course", i A.greut many valuable
things can by picked up by the wide
awake buy or ginj in tbo tlnee months
spout in" taking Ibis course at thpjfttatO
agricultural college. Even if fcrfo Jury
or girl lias been raised 011 a faini.whcroj
tl'iltgs are done in good shape, they
cijn pick up many items that win help
tbcni along in after life. If there is1
trothing" m?re gamed, the enlarging of
one's circle of acquaintances is worth
all it costs. " Uut'wo are apt to hocomo
wrapt up in out own conceit when we
do not gel out and see how the rest of
the world moves along, and for a young
man to start out in Iffo m a rut a'.'gurs
IH ?uecoss. Wi; know of a good many
,canes where young inch havo lakon
this winter course in agriculture and
come homo very enthusiastic in their
K calling, going to work with renewed
-enorgy that*soon set them on tholr
' feet, thus paying tho way to success in
' life, If a funner will only encourage
', his children to make an extra effort to
so*, uro. the meaua necessary to carry
them through a winter term at college
' they cot) and will do it in some way or
Other, and they'll always bo glad they
did lt.?'?Farmers* dulde.
FURIOUS FIGHT IN PIARION.
HYSKM) ON SHOT NIJAK HIS HOMH
The ? i" " -i n itow id Columbia
Causes Hlooily liattlo ft Sellers?
Four Men Wounded in fho Affray.
On Tuesday afteruoou pOV. I I, a
a short while before dark the stroots
of Sellers, a email town in Marlon
County, became tbe BCetWof a serious
and probably fatal shoting affray.
Mr. John 0. Sellers, a pptrdnont and
highly rospeetod citizen of tho tOWD,
was soriously wounded and taken to
tho homo of his son-iu l.w. Mr. Muxoy
Watson ; Mr. lien Belle?was wounded
in tho abdomen, Dr. Eenry Edwards
had a load ot bird shot i Iiis chest and
J. Dudley Uasekien, acmher of tliu
State board of control kid a 38-uallbro
pistol hall in his leg.
The affair Booms tu bj the oulmina*
lion of a lottur supposeljto have been
written by Mr. lien Sellers to a news
paper some weeks aiuc- accusing Mr.
Base)den of dlspeuslrj liquors from
his home, near Sellers.
Monday morning Mr. on Sellers re
ceived a message from Mr BabOldon
a.l'lng him to cotno O7or to his gin,
which Ii? located about >* uiiio from
Seller-, noar tho lluieheu homestead,
tho message sayiug t'uut he wanted
Mr. Sellers to sett;c vith him for a
number of bales of COttOl which ho bad
ginned for him some weeks bIdoc, and
to remove his cotton seid which was
in t o way.
Mr. Sellors went over to Mr. llasel
den 8 Ht an early hour Tuesday morn*J
iDg ar.d the business bot ween the two
gentlemen was quickly settled, after
whie ' Mr. Haselden accused Mr. Sel
lers of being the author of the above
mentioned article. Mr. Sollerj em
phatically denied the charge, and so^io
hot words followed, each gentle.nun
abusing the other. At this juncture
Mr. Haselden drew his pistol, hut made
no effort to U60 it. Mr. Sellers was un
armed and saul that was no place to
settle tho mattor.
At this scone were present, tesi es
Mr. ,J. Dudley llaseldea, his father,
Mi-. J. G. Harolden; his brother, Mr.
L. M. Haselden ; Dr. Henry Edwards
and Aubrey Evans.
That morn'ng shortly after tho dif
ficulty at Mr. Haselden's gin b.OUS( .
Mr. Haselden, irt company with his
brother, L. M. Haselden, Dr. Edwards
and Aubrey Evans, drovo in to 3d lore,
whore they stopped for a short, while
and engaged in couvertation with ev
oral citizens, and left, It is sup it
for Marion. Nothing more wb: B<
of Mr. Haselden and tho gOotleUlorJ Ri ?
companying him until a short ah
before dark, when they drove in froi .
toward Marion, both buggies stopfj 'i .
side by side on the south end of I .
depot. directly over tho ruiir. .
At this moment Mr. Hen Seller*,
who hud up to that time beon in la !
postoMce, walked out on the platform,
and as -non as ho appeared he \- a
Bred ;u from the buggy containing Mr.
Haselden and Mr. Evans. The bah,
which was tired from a 38-oallbrt p ?
tol, struck Mr. Sellers tquarely in t!
stomach and dcllectod upward. riio
next shot fired Blruck Mr. Seller? in
tho left hand, entering betwet n tho
second and third Hogers, breaking to J
thumb and coining out.
Immediately after the second sh.pj<,
Mr. Sellers pulled his pistol and bpOne
fire ft^io'i the occupants of that but, t y
At this moment tin: two buggies nop
arated, one golog u short distance up
tho railroad track and tue roar one t i
the 'eft, a short distance below. Th.
second buggy contained Messrs. 11 use!
den and Evans. When the buggy
oamo to a standstill Mr. Uaseldon go
out and walked towards a dwelling
house some dlstanoo from the platform',
from whicn point bo fired several shots.
Owing to the fact that Mr. John C!
Sellers came .upon tho scene at thle
moment, it Is not known upon whom
Mr. Haselden's shots took effect.
When Mr. Sellers rushed out upor,
the platform to tho aid of his son, he
drew his pistol and opened Ore upor.
Evans, who was tuen the only occupant
of the buggy. The other buggy at that
timo contained Dr. Edwards, who was
armed v/lih a rille. Ho wheel" 1 hie
horse back across the railroad and tu*
rille fell out on the track and was not
picked up until Mr. Haselden's hand?,
came baek for it, about 20 minutes
Mr. John (J. Sellers was wounded
with a 44*callbre?apparently a nil ?
ball, which passed under the 'eft clavi
iee and came, out behind tho righ?
shoulder, anil was cut oat under tbo
spinal column. The third hall entered
the left forearm and came out about!
four inches above tho point of entrance.
Tbo negro who witnessed tho who)
shooting 8?i.i Mr. Luther M Haseldenj
got out of Dr. Edwards' buggy as they
drove tip and got on tho south plat
form of the depot. From that r.lde
bullet hole appears In a pane id glaj .
ranging down towards the inner uff.e< ,
and was found on the floor of the ir i.
Offloe, after havli.g gono through tl 1
Tho prominence of all COncortiu n
makes the affair very depiorabl i. ?
The following aro signed s merits;
from Mr. J. Dudley liaseldoi ,..d Mr?
John O. Sellers : ,
Mr. J. Dudley Uaseldon Bald : ''Ycjt
terday morning Mr. Hen Sellers and
myself bad some talk about the letters?
I told him I did not hold him responal?
bio for tho lottors for I did not believe
that ho wrote them ; I told hi>a 1 hoard
that be had been making rob ronce to'
them and to my home, and that I could
not and would not allow. ?I then asked
him if ho hi.d made such reference,"
that It was hard to believe it, and he
ttid not deny it. I told Min ho would
cither have to affirm or dooyj It re
sulted In my striking him, afterwards
wo apollglssed to ouch other, shook
hands an' hon transacted o?r busi
ness. As ho was leaving, I Bftifl I pup
poso we shall moot as friends or how.
Ho suggested that wo meet without
speaking. 1 euggebtod that ho seumed
l?llsaatl??L'i ami that It would b j neat
to, aettlo It. I told him I would glvt.
hljirl.BatUfaot'on any way he wished it,
ho to got a friend to represent him.
?Ho tain, oh no, aftor rellection, I am
nbt Batlet od. 1 will givo yOu'amplo
notice.' Tho notice 1 got was whllo
passing tho depot In my Ijuggy ho
rushed out pistol In hand a*l Opened*
firo on mo, hitting mo in the log as I
jumped to tho ground. 1 returned tho.
tiro promptly and gunoral tiring began.
Mr. Ben Sullors returned to tho wait
ing room, and Mr. John O. Sellors ran ;
out and thon guns wero llrcd from tho
waiting room, > niy John U. Salier? and
hla son Ben showed thooiselves at ail.
Mr. John C. Sollors taking refugo
bohlnd tho mall crane wo exchanged
eoveral Bhots. I think Mr. Sellers
was well armed us he ll.'cd atlpatd. ten
J. DU ?LUV HA8RL?KN.
Upon bolng intorvlowod, Mr. John
C. Sellers said : The first intimation*
of any trouble was aftor ray. eon ro?
turned from Mr. Haaeluou's gin and
told me how outrageously he hftd been
.1. '* v.'? .? t fi ' .
treated by tho mob Ht HascldeaV, after
I having been Invited tbero on a matter
I of business hy Mr. .1. Dudley Ha?eh!rn.
Just aftor my -son informed mo of the
I trouble, they drove up in buggies,
Messrs. .). UuJley and Luther M. Har
olden in one buggy, und Mr. Aubrey
Evans and Or. Edwards in anot! or
buggy. Mr. I. D. Hasoldcn. the father
of Messrs. J. Duo ley BUd Luther M.
Hasolden, loa buggy behind the others.
As Dudh y a.ai I.other reached the
railroad tr.>ok, Luihor jumped down
and shifted his pistol from one pocket
to another. D id ley put his in the foot
of the buggy. Luther went to the north
side of the depot as if looking for some
ono. Dudley got out and went on I
opposite nklo of the depot, taking bio
pistol with him. Evidently not Una Hag
who they were looking for they drove
" I expected trouble that evening
und wo prepared ourselves for it. Tho
mob returned about dark, coming by
way of Boo Sellers wbion was about
half a mile away (roui the traveled
route from Marion, aud when they
reached tho dopot they Stopped both
buggies. Luther Huselden jumpodout
and ran up the steps on the south eldo
of the liopot, My son lien was in the
front of tho ollice door on tho west siso
and 1 was in the ollice writing. With
out a word being spoke n, Aubrey Ev
ans tired at Ben ami Ptruck him pn the
left bund and immediate ly Dudley tired
at him, striking him in the breast. As
soon us possible Lion pulled his pistol
and began liriug and emptied his revol
ver at the crowd. 1 then ran out and
as I passed through tho door 1 was shot
through the left forearm, I thiuk by
Lutum" Haselden, through tho window.
I ran down tho steps, lira.,' i.t Dudley
and Aubrey Evans, who were both run
ning and dring back. About then Ben
tired at Henry Edwards, with his shot
gun, but after exchanging a few Bouts
with him be whipped up his horse and
ran off. I was shot in the buck by either
Luther or Dudley tluselden, while
sbooth g at Henry Edwards.
''Dudley Haselden ran through a
bouse and yard and took refuge In a
negro's privy : Aubrey Evans jumped
In a window of a lady's house ; Luther
liasolden went under the platform on
all-fours and left the do pot ruining
like a buck, it U currently reported
that Ih ? crowd had coals of mall manu
factured and had thorn on.
(Signed) John u. Sellers."
th10 HAS M)I;N BTOilY.
Ckpt. Haselden Alleges 'I'liat several
Men Were Concealed in Depot
Building and Thai Sellers Opened
To the Editor of The state :
In response to request of newspaper
roper', 's, and as answer to misrepre
sent tious made, 1 regretfully make
this s-atomont as to the recent unfor
? urt le IT ir at Seilern.
At th outset, I it mo say that I in
teud to give the facts as they exist.
My fri. nds over tho State, and toe
public generally may depend upon it.
Oil the morning of 14th lust. Mr.
ii ojaujin Sellers and ray brother Dud
ley became involved in a persona! dif
Qoulty. Tin uause was tbougnt to
have bo n settled, at Insist temporarily,
hi Mr. Don Ueiiora promised luglvo
notice, In ease be wished to carry tho
matter further. About halt hour after
ii.i~, an . upon our stavtlug for Marion,
1 advised that we had better boon thj
watch as we passed tho depot?-and s ?
Dr. ii A. E (wards took a litlo to us
In case ol i? shotgun attack. As wo
ipproauiicd the depot l got from the
buggy, bo as best tu meet attack. Not
withstanding the fact tn.ii Mr. Sellers
and his i-OU h n were ther.e?atld rii .
us, tburi was no lighting, beeause no
attack was made upon us, and we wont
Oi our v' .v.v to Marion.
Upon our return from Marion ovo.'
tho usu it route (uot by the bouio of
Mr. Bjoj imln S ltors,) and juot odor
wo got to the depot, wo met a frieu i
who Inft rmed us that tho depot was
tilled with armed men awaiting to at
tuck us as wo went our way by the
depot to our home.
loasra ich as I believed my brotlu r
Dudley u> bo tbo object of the. proposed
vtlaelt, 1 thought that if wo could g. I
him safely by, tue attack might bj
avoided. Consequently, I advised that
Dr. Edwards and l should go ahead
und slow up our horse just at tho depo',
whereupon Dud.ey aud Evans wore to
drive rapidly by and thu- by confusing
them avoid if possible tho Intended at
tack. As we approached the depot I
saW two men peeping through the
window 'that looks out upon the rou t
wo wore*traveling and ovidontly locat
1,19 Dudley. As\>o slowed our horse,
j Dudley's buggy wont rapidly by Ui our
left, dust at this tliuo Mr. Ilonjamlu
Sellers rushed from tho depot with bis
pisiol upraised, and I stepped from my
.. ?w slowly moving buggy upon th<
railroad track, faced him with pistol
in hand. Ho leveled his pistol in my
direction and we both fired. AlmOol
simultaneously Mr. J.(J. Sellers rushed
from the depot, und from within H
shotgun w ?s tired. Mr. J. U. Sellers
fired at me, tho bullet glancing my
right side. I returned his lire with
two shots, one of which was while h
was tqnatting behind the mali crano
shooting some one at right angles.
Just at this time I was attracted by
the horse of Dr. El wards come rush
ing back witu him In the buggy. A
gun was fired by some one conceal''.I
in tb^foffice lull into his face ; whoro
upon.1 pushed up the steps and tired
through tLo window at the figures ol
threCimon in tho office. 1 then jumped
' from the platform and turned in time
to exehnngo fire with some one who
had come arouud tho corner of the
< !hco. I snapped my only remaining
ball at him, ami It failing flro I went
under tho depot. I did not have, an
other Cartridge, and ho made my way
under the depot to its northern end ;
got up knd walked quietly, so as not to
attract^ attention, until 1 crossed the
railroad, after which I went as fast a*
possible to join my friends, all of
whom I believe.! to be seriously wound*
od If not killed.
Tho hacks of our" buggies, shot all to
pieces; by gum In tho hands of parties
conooaled in a room, toll their own
LUTHER M. HA8ELDEN,
Sellors, Nov. 10, '00.
sia/!.kk\s sidf; ok THE FIGHT.
IJ'Atl'inr and Bon Protest That Tlioy
Wore on tho l>ofon8ive?Tho Btalo
oieiitM Aro Vory Co nil lot in <(.
To the Editor of The stato:
Tbo telegram from Sollers signed J.
N. W., publlohed in TnoSlut ..of today,
written by tho Hasoldcns, so far us it
relates to our concealing oursolves in
tho<olllce at tho railroad station and
opening fire upon tho Hasoldon party, la
urn lufamout nd Infernal He. Wo woru
not expecting J. D. Haschten and his
buTjh whackers at all, as they had pas9od
In tho morning, going to Marlon, from
whene". it was oxpoetet*, thoy would
goto Columbia, where iiasoldOii had
th?t morning informed LJon Sollers
that he had six moo to kill. Their re*
tin n to Sellers w.ts mi entire surpris-..
T ie Haselden party whilo at Marion
procured breastplates and returned by
th house of B?U Sellers, apparently
hun*' g biro.
ThOy drovo up to depot und stopped.
Men Sellers was star ding ou platform,
and hi? rather. .1. t'. Sellers, was in
side, writ nr. Without a word. Aubrey
Kvar.s lired from the buggy-, hitting
Men Sellers in left hanu.and J. 1). Has
eiden Immeolately llred, also hitting
Ben Belle s. the hall entering, striking
rib, passed around, without going Into
OUVity. Hen Sellers returned tin-, hut
being disabled before, could not do
gnat execution. Thinking bis son
mortally wounded. J. 0. Sellers took
from ofliOQ pistol rushed out and lired
into orowd. ?aselden, finding it too
hot, took refuge behind small building,
having been hit in calf of leg.
When too hot, lia-elden ran into and
throu fh private dwelling of Mrs.
Brown and took refuge in the privy of
a n gro family. Ben Sellers exhausted
pistol and emptied load of bird shot
Into I!. A. Edwards, who loft the scene
quickly. L. M. Hasoidon in the mean
time hau slipped to window and fired
through it, at Hen Sellers, but ?oolng
IS u Sellers with gun, ran to side of
depot, went undor .-amo, crawling, as
shown by signs there now, near full
length of depo' to northern end, and
like a wild buck left the scene of ac
J. C Sellers is wounded by a 44-cali
Has- Idea has convicts. t\ State oth
er with a rifle belonging to tho S ate,
aided by State guard anil lla-eldon's
bushwhackers, try to assassinato citi
/. n.s of tho State. If the six men
threatened lo Cnluiuhiu will si. ?ot Has
olden In legs thero is no di?^ Tor to
thorn Liaseldon will run liko\t tur
We cannot lie with liaseldon, but in
fair, manly, open way, wo can defend
ourselves, our homes and our l. inor.
Aubrey Evan-, ran into a p. Ivato
homo, through a window, and fright
ened family to an extent of a probable
Tho IJas 'ldon party had to go out of
their way some distance?half a mile
- to go by homo Of Hen Sellers.
Their scheme is best represented by
thei** cowardly treatment of liuu Sel
lers at the house of J. 1). Haselden that
mornil g, after being .-out for )>y Has
iideu. Respectful iy,
.). C ski.i.kks.
IiKN B. SKLLiKHS
Sellers, S. C, Nov. 15, I8II?
DENIES BT A It t IN - TUE BATTLE.
Mr. J. Aubrey I A mis on the Sellers
and Haschten Klght? His Story c,'on
llrms the Hautdilens.
To the Editor of The State:
Oa th : morning of tho N h lost, in
company wit i linn J. I). lla-e:d..n, L
M. it us. idea a' .1 Dr. Edwards, 1 wont
10 Marion, and ou our return homo wc
wore Inform? il that Micro were in tho
depot a med men awaiting to attack
as v o passed by. We drove on
rap . v. keeping the straight road
from M ii ion to Sellers, and did not, as
hi, ? boon Stated, drive by the home of
11 -nj .in ii Sollors. We decided boforo
reaching tho di pot that.I. I), iiaselden
wa tho man tliey wanted, and wo
tbouglH if v e. e mid get him oy there
would b.3 i.o trouble.
1 w .s riding v. ith J. 1). Hasoidon,
doing the. driving, and as wo noarod
the depot 1 guided our hordO to left to
pass th ? froQt buggy, whoso occupants
were Dr. Edwards and Capt. L. M
liascldc.il. As we were crossing tho
railroad track, I looked backwards
and saw Mr. 15jn So'lore on the depot
platform, with a pistol in his hand,
and Mr John Sellers rushing out of
dupol do k . 1 tjld Dudley to look out.
At ih\*i moment pistol shots were lired
.i- Dudley was getting out of buggy
We wore t!:<:n about 25 feet across th ?
railroad track. I baited my horse und
turn'd in bupgy and began firing at
Mr. John 0. Sellers, who was llring in
my d r< etion from behind a mail crane.
I positively did not shoot at Mr. Bon
Sellers, and several shots were lired
before 1 Ii rod a*, all. I saw shotgun j
tin u both from the door and window
of the depot ollioo. After 'dring my
lust cartridge, I dropped down in tho
buggy and, looking around saw somo
one pointing shot gun through almost
closed door of the depot oflico, asking.
"Where is t\ubrey in After party
loft d pot door I got out of buggy and
walked aero-.- to hou.t: of Mr. Brown,
looking for Dudley, who had gone i.;
? (? ii>t direction after emptying his pi; -
to!. Not Unding him, I returned to
ih buggy and drove oil down th j
road, whore I was j lined by Mr. L. M.
Basoldon. Tho buggy In wbleb I waj
now beard the marks of six ballet
Wbi'e 1 rogrot tho unfortunate
affair, it wiv unavoidable on our part.
As for my part, I had nothing against
any of the gentlemen Involved.
.!. A Evans.
Sjllers, S C, Nov. 17.
?-The L'indOn Daily Mall says if an
aorial machino was capable of travel
ing at any rate up to I.Odn miles an
hour, a traveler in it, starting west
ward from London at a speed of 000
mlh s an hour, would arrest tho prog
ress of time. If he started at 10 a. m.
it would always bo to him 10 a. n .
Should bo Und his unending day mo
notonous, he could reverse his direc
tion and get a quick Bl'CCOfiSiOn of I hort
days and nights of some, six hours' du
ration, but ho could regulate I bo longtb
by tho Bpeod of his machine. Suppose
he traveled from London ono night at
10 o'clock, wostward, at a snood of
l.uoo miles per hour, lie would soon
exporlonoo the sensation of seeing the
sun rising in tho west, whero !t luid
set a short time before.
? Mr. O. C. King, of Meridian, Miss.,
who is com nis-donor from tho State of
Mississippi to tho Paris exposition in
1000, has arrangod there for what
promises to 1k> a great novelty in the
way of an oxhihil from that State. He
has made arrangements with a party
who has scoured at tho right season
600,000 selected 'nil grown cotton bolls,
which will he sold at the Paris exposi
tion by original cotton Held darkies as
souvenirs of tho American exhibit.
Th( so will be the lirst cotton bolls over
shipped abroad, and they will be eager
ly .ought after by people who have
used quantities of American cotton,
hut who have never seen it in Its na
--Tho most curious palace in tbo
world Is tho Alhambra, in Spain, It
was originally a fortress, so groat in
oxtent as to ho capable, of holding
?10,000 men. It was begun in 121* and
finished in 1314. I? contains numerous
halls and courts, all decorated in the
highest stylo of Moorish art.
-?? ? ? 4MJttMtmm
<J & ?_> X*. X -A. .
Boars tho 1 ,ie Kind You llafo.' Iways Bought
BUY AN AN U.V/.K8 THK VOTE,
rhu Hesult ot tho Koeent Kloctions
Ih a Helmke to McKinley?Demo
oratlc t.aios in >ltiKuaebu8otta
and Pennsylvania and itcpubltcan
Losses $n Nrw Yotk and Now
Mr. William J. Bryan has given to
tbo pros? un extended statement) In
which ho sums up the results of tho
olocliou in tho different Stator.
in Massachusetts and Pennsylvania!
where the Democrats reaffirmed tbo
Chicago platform, ho finds that they
have made gain.-, while iu New York
and New Jersey the Republican vote
shows a falling off. Maryland, he de
clares, is now safely Democratic. On
the Kentucky election he says : "Tho
result in Kentucky docs not give any
oncouragomont to the Republicans.
The Latest returns show that the con
test between Mr. Uoobel and Mr.
Tu;, lor is very clos'-. The Democrats
claim the elootlu . of Goebe! und tbo
entire btute ticket by Bmall pluralities.
Tho Legislature Is safely Democratic
in both branches and tho election of
Blaokburn to succeed Lindsay is as
sured. No one who has watched tho
contest will doubt that with fie Demo
crats united on national issues, Ken
tucky cau be relied upon for a major!.*.]*
of 20.00(1 or ao.ooo."
Ohio is summed up as follows :
" What consolation can Republicans
draw from tho Ohio election ? Mr.
Banna secured the nomination of his
candidate for Governor upon a plat
fi rtn endorsing tlie Republican admlnis
tration, und while tbo returns Indicate
that Nash bus u plurality of about 50,
ouo over Mo Leun, McLean and Jones
together have a inaj u-ity of something
like 50.000 over the Republican can
"McLean rav upon a platform em
phatically endorsing the Chicago plat
form and condemning the trusts, milita
rism and imperialism, and ho made a
gallan. light against groat odds. Ohio
is the homo of Mr. Lianna, chairman of
the Republican national committee.
Postmasters all over the Union wore
urgod to contribute money to save
Ohio. Mr. Hanna took the stump
nlmsell amj called upon Republicans
to support tho ticket and endorse the
policies o! the Administration. And
yet, in spite of all that could be dou;%.,
Mr. Banna's own county was carried
by M r. Jones and the Ropubllcun party,
Which bad a majority of nearly 50,000
in I8U0, is now overwhelmed by a
majority approximating 50,000. The
Junes vote is Anti-Ropublloan. Mr,
Jones himself has made an open light
against Mr. llaiina and his methods;
and t o Republican party has turned
it bat.cries against Mr. Jones and his
lowu, South Dakota and Kansas ro
sults are pa-sod over with brief para
graphs as not of leading importance.
On Nebraska ho suys : "The Ne
braska campaign was fought on na
tional issue.; und tho Fusion candidate
for Judge received about 11,000 this
year as against 3,000 for the Fusion
candidato for Judge in IS'.iT. Assistant
Secretary ol War Moiklojohn came
from Washington to plead with the
voters to uphold the President's poli
cies. Senators Thurston and Hay
ward were on the stomp warning the
people not to repudiate the Presidort.
Senaton Fairbanks and other promi
nent Republicans from outside tho
State lent their influence, but notwith
standing the efforts brought forth by
the Republicans the Fusion forces
gained a signal victory. Thoir can
didate*, Judge Holcomb, carried live of
the Congressional districts out of tho
six and lost the remaining district
(tbo 1-t) by only a thousand. The
Fnslonists made a not gain of thrco
District Judg ss and a largo gain in
Mr. liryau continues: " Taken as a
whole tho election returns from all tho
States give encouragement to those
who hope for !he overthrow of tho
Republican party in 1000. it is evident
that those who bolicvo in the Chicago
platform In 1800 still believe in it. it
is also evident that me hostility to the
Chicago platform among those who op
posed it is not as pronounced as it was
in l^'.Hi. It is apparent also that thero
is a growing hostility to the mono
polies which have grown up under a
R -publican Administration. It is safe
to say that the American people would
by a large majority pronounce against
the attempt to raise the standing army
to lOO.OUO, and it is equally certain that
upon a uisiinct vote upon the issu : a
large majority of the people would
pronounce against an imperialistic
1 policy whloh would develop hero a
colonial Bystem after tho pattern of
" If the rebuke administered to tho
Republicans at the polls had beer
more severe the*, prospect of remedial
legislation at tho hands of tho Re
publicans would bo brighter. While
it was sufficient to indicate that the
people are not satisfied with the Re
publican policies it may not have been
sufficient to stay the course of tho
Republican party toward plutocracy
and toward tno European Ideas of gov
ernment built on force rather than
Upon tho conse.it of the governed?a
government relying for safety upon a
large standing army rather than upon
a citizen soldie ry."
? A short time agoGov. MoSwoonoy,
upon re ports made to him. summarily
dismissed from tho constabulary force
Jaiuos Altom, of Greenville, upon the
charge of drunkenness. Yesterday Mr.
Altom arrived in the city. Uo came
armed with affidavits from a number of
responsible citizens and one from tho
iimn w Im preferred the original charge,
in which the man stated that he may
possibly have been mistaken and that
Mr. Altoin might have boon sick and
Dot intoxicated. The aflidavits satis
lied the Governor that the charges
wir-- without foundation, and heim*
mediately reinstated Mr. Altom as a
mombi r of tiic constabulary force.
?Llundrods of army officers' wives
have boon thrown inti> deep distress
hy the War Department's order refus
ing thorn transportation on the gov
ernment vu^ij to Manila, and tearful
rcinohstranccs are being received daily
a:, inst what they term an Infringmont
on their freedom. The government
can not prevent the ladies from join
ing their husbands if they pay their
own transportation! but few can afford
the cost of a journey, which is even
more oxponsivo now than usually,
owing to the reduced number of ships
plying between this country und tho
Chinese and East Indian waters.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
I Signatur? of ^Z^^f^SS^