Newspaper Page Text
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
Htnv.fi, tho establishment of ports of
entry arid dollvory, tho regulation of1
patents and copyrights; these, with
various other subjects, which'rost ou
tlrely within tho power of Congress,
call for consideration and Immediate
OPEN THE MARKETS.
It muat be lorno in mind that since
tho uobhIoii Porto Uico has boon denied
the principal markets she had long on
joyed, ami our efforts have been con
tinued against her products aa whou
she was under Spanish sovereignty.
The markets of Spain aro closed to her
products except upon terms to which
the commerce of all nations is subjeet
ed. Tho island of Cuba, which used to
buy her c-attlo and tobacco without cus
toma duties, now imposes tho samo du
ties upon these products as from any
othor country entering her ports. She
hau, therefore, lost her free intercourse
with Spain and Cuba without any com
pensating benotlts in this market, iler
coffoo was little known and not In use
by our people, and thoroforo there, was
nodemaad hero for this, ono of her
chlof products. Tho markots of tho
United States should bo opened to her
products. Our plain duty is to abolish
all customs tariffs between the United
State? and Porto Hlco and give hor
products freo access to our markets.
Aa a result of tho hurricane which
sw. pt ovor Porto Rico on tho 8th of
August, ovor 100,000 people wore re
duced to absolute destitution, without
homes and deprived of tho necessities
of life. To tho appoal of tho war de
partment tho people of tho United
States made prompt and generous
rosponso. la addition to tho private
charity of our peoplo, tho war depart
ment has oxpended for tho relief of tho
distressed $31)2,342, which doos not in
??elude tho cost of transportation.
It is desirable that tho government
of the Island, undor the law of bolllgor
ont right, now maintained through tho
oxecutlvo department, should bo tu
porseded by an administration entire ly
olvil In its nature. For prosent pur
poses I recommend that Congress pass
a law for tho organization of a tempor
ary government whioh shall provide
for the appointment by tho President,
subject to confirmation by tho Senato,
of a governor and such othor otllcors us
the general administration of tho Is
land may rtqulro and for legislative
purposos, on subjects of a local nature
not partaking of a Federal charactt r,
a legislative council, composed partly
of Porto Rloaus and partly of citizens
of the United Statos, shall be nomi
nated and appointed by tho President,
i."-*^subject to conlirmatlon by tho Sonate,
their acts to bo subject to tho approval
of the Congress or the President, prior
to going into effect.
In tho municipalities and other local
subdivisions, I recommend that tho
plan of local self-governmont bo applied
at once, so as to enable tho intelligent
citizens of tho island to participate in
their own government and to learn by
practical exporlenco the duties and
requirements of a self contained and
Belf-governlng people. I havo not
thought it wise to commit tho entire
government of tho island to olllccrs
selected by the peoplo, because 1 doubt
whether in habits, training and expe
rience they are such us to tit them to
exercise at once so largo a degore of
self-government, but It is my judg
ment and expectation that they will
noon aHain an experience and wisdom
and self-control that will justify con
ferring upon them a much larger par
ticipation in tho choice of tho insular
Tho fundamental requirement for
these peoplo, as for all people, is edu
cation. Tho free school house Is the
best preceptor for citizenship. In tho
introduction of modern educational
methods care, however, must bo ex
ercised that changes bo not mado too
abruptly and that the history and
racial peculiarities of tbo inhabitants
shall bo given due weight. Systems of
education in these now possesosons
founded upon common sense methods,
adapted to existing condltiocs and
looking to the future movement and
individual advancement of the peoplo
will command in a peculiarly effective
manner tho blessings of a free govern
ment. The love of law and tho sense
of obedience acd submission to the
lawfully constituted judicial tribunal*
aro embedded in the hearts of our peo
pie, and any violation of these senti
ments and disregard of their obliga
tions justly arouses public condemna
tion. The guaranties of life, liberty
and of civil rights should be faithfully
upheld, tho rights of trial by jury re
spected and defended. Tho rule of
tho courts should assure the public of
prompt trial of those chargod with
criminal offensos, and upon conviction
tho punishment should be commen
surate with tho onormlty of tho crime.
Tfcose who, in disregard of law and
and the public peace, unwilling to
await tho judgment of court and jury,
constitute themselves judges and ex
ecutioners should not escape the
severest pe.nalltlcs for their crimes.
" LYNCHING MUST CEASE.
What I said in my inaugural address
of March 4, 1807, I now repeat.
"The constitutional authorities
should bo cheorfully uphold. Lynch
Ings must not be tolerated in a great
and civilized country liko the United
States. Courts, not mobs, muBt exe
cute tho ponalties of tho laws. The
preservation of public order, tho right
of discussion, tho integrity of courts,
and tho orderly admlolatration of jus
tice must continue forever tho rock of
safety upon which our government se
In accordance with the act of Con
gress providing for an appropriate na
tional celobration in the year 1000 of
the establishment of the seat of gov
ernment in tho District of Columbia, I
havo appointed a committee consist
ing of tho Governors of all tho States
and Territories of tho United States,
who havo boon Invited to assemble in
the city of Washington on tho 21st of
Decombsr, 1800, which, with the com
mittee of tho Congress and the District
of Columbia, aro charged with the
proper conduet of tbo celebration.
Congress, at Us last session, appro
priated $5,000 "to enable tho chief en
gineer of the army to continue the ex
amination of the subject and to mako
or secure designs, calculations and es
timates for a memorial bridge from the
moat convenient point of tho naval ob
servatory ground or adjacent thereto,
across the Potomac river to the most
convenient point of tho Arlington es
In accordance with tho provisions of
thla apt the oblef of engineers has
selected four eminent bridge englnoors
to submit competitive designs for a
bridge combining the elements of
strength ahd curability and such ar
? ehitectural embellishments and orna
mentation as will fitly apply to the
dedication, "A momorlal of Arnerlcar
patriotism." Tbo dosigna are now Do
ing prepared and as soon as completed
Will be submitted to the Congress by
seerotary of war. Tho proposed bridge
would bo a oonvonlenco to all tho peo
ple from evory part of tho country who
visit the national cemetory, an orna
ment to the capital of the nation, and
forever stand as a monument to Amer
ican patriotism. I do not doubt that
Congress will give to the enterprise
still further proof of Its favor and ap
The 14th of December will be the one
hundredth anniversary of tho death of
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bough?
Washington. Eor u hundred years tho 1
repub.lo has had tho priceless advant
ugn of tho lofty standard of obaractor
aud conduct whlcti no bupjeathed to
tho Ameriean people, it h an Inheri
tance which time, instead of wasting
continually inereabcs an enriches. W ??
may justly hope th*t In tho years to
eorno tbe benignant lutlucnco of tho
father of his eouotry may he even
more potent for goed than in the cen
tury which is drawing to a close. 1
have been glad to le.irn that In many
parts Of the country the people will
fittingly ohsurvo this historic anni
Preeented to this Congrusb aro groat
opportunities. With them come gre ?t
responsibilities. Tho power eonlhled
to ub increases tho weight of our obli
gations to tho people, and wo must bo
profoundly sensitive to them us wo
contemplate tho now ami grave prob
lems whieh confront us. Aiming only
at t he public good, wo cannot err. A
right interpretation of tho people's
will and of duty cannot fail to insure
wise moasuros for the welfare of the
itdands which have come under the
authority of tho United States and to
inure to the common interest and last
ing honor of our country. Never has
this nation hau more abundant cause
than during tho past year for thank*
fulness to God for manifold blessings
and mercies, for whieh wo make revor
(signed) William McKinley.
Executive M .nston, Doc. 6, 18U?.
a Georgia Temperance story
The Augusta Chronicle ways that
Judge E. M. Brinson tells a good story
on himself, which illustrates how tho
Willlngham bill has been absorbing
attention in Atlanta. " I Strolled into
tho Senate chamber," Bald Judgo Hrin
son, " whtlo In the oapltol, thinking I
wo.ild speak with somo personal
frleuds there, and with no thought of
discussing tho pending bill. Recog
nizing a former acquaintance 1 ac
costed him and shook hands, hut soon
discovered that ho did not recall mo.
I said, 'You don't remember who l am.
This Is Brinson, of the Augusta cir
cuit.' Ho had been in tho Legislature
whou I was elected circuit judgo and
had voted for mo, and I thought giv
ing him my nomo and circuit would
recall to him my identity ; but be was
preoooupled with the Willlngham bill,
and had evidently been beset by the
preachers, for just this moment anoth
er geutlcma . cumo up and pointing
to my legislative friend, said to
tho newcomer : 1 TIiIb is l'arson Brin
gen : he rides the Augusta circuit.' Uc
had taken me for a Methodist preach
er on the Augusta circuit, and thought
1 was there to argue with him In be
half of prohibition." Nobody enjoys
tho joke more than Judge Brinson
himself, and tho story was so good
that ho promptly told it to the mom
hers of the bar on his return from
?A poor widow who was arrested in
Wllkesbarie, Pa., charged with as
saulting a constable, won much sym
pathy In tho court rojtn when she said
that the ollicer, In levying on her
household goods on a landlord's war
rant, tried to removo nor baby from Its
cradle and take tho eradlo. The jury
found her not guilty and placed the
cost on tho constable and the justice
of the peace who had Lsued the >var
raut. The court struck oil' the latter
?The Tennessee regiment that has
been doing duty in the Philippines is
the last volunteer regiment to be mus
tered out. Three hundred of tho roem
llers re-inlisted and remained at Ma
nila, but 000 liavo returned homo eager
to resume private lifo.
?The fastest train on record for reg
ular running at high speed is shortly
to be put on the railroad between Man
chester and Liverpool, England. The
distance ef 40 miles will be traversed
In 20 minutes. Tho ruud is a single
?Charles Broadway Itouss, the blind
millionaire, of New York will shortly
er. et a mausoleum on his lot In Mount
Hebron comotery, Winchester, Va. It
will bo tho Qne8t mausoleum in Araer
lei, ami will cost a hundred thousand
Tho Stomach, The 7 iver,
The Bowels, The Kidneys,
The Blood. Tho Nerves.
Antiseptic, lnviuorator is a germ-killer,
a diurotio, a blood purifier, a stomach and
nerve tonic, a stimulant for tho liver and
bowels. Manufactured by
Pitts' Antiseptic Invigorator Co.
T HOMSON, QA.
For sale by druggists everywhere;
Sold by CAKPJCNTEK bros..
Greenville, 8. o.
Kfi'in d.?KyKnY>oduf" ?"? ?bov? rent*
uJSJS,SVk SMr"*reruou> OtWitXt Impotence
.VZirl^AV1'"* Ment?*y. Sto^s^f drains aiid
^f&^SffS hy *xu\* of youth. 1it wards off In
hood a ml OM Men recover VcmthM Vigor. Ii
5 m? ?" SCd""* 10 ?"Hinke a organs,"nd fit.
n ma (or business or marriage JiasTly carried i?
the veil pocket. Price r? > Vo 6 Rom fe.v
by mall, In plain pack- DU L I O.gir? wlrt
wrltlao guarantee: DR. JEAN0'1MRPA\ ??rt?
Sold by Dr. B. F. Posey, Laurea?.
To All Sufferers From DROPSY.
VAUGHN'S LITHONTRIPTIC has cured thousands of desperate cases of this
dreadful disease and it will positively cure you.
Read the following letter from R. J. Betsill, Maj. 18th Reg. S.C. Vols., i860.
r '^2> 'Z&l4sC?- j^L^m.
^ff y^??i?7L<? ^-^^t^-^c.
// A /i
[Youra of rocont dato to hand requesting statement of my ease which T gladly glvo. T have lx>on minVrliu; for thron yoars from dropsy, Ronoral anafmrca, cautwvl from liver and
ktdnoyo, My physicians wild that I could not lust but a Bhort 11 mo. I was unablo lo Ito down except hIi^i-M) aft<-r being tapped, ovory tlsnuo completely Oiled, xaturatcd with iluid;
j( gallons drawn from scrotum sovoral tlmoa. I was complotoly mied at tho time I bewail VAUOIIN's utiiontiiiitm:, |k>rfoctly holplesH, Ioks terribly liitlainod and exuding
Cutd. \\'nn tumble to got any rout <>r Blcop oxcopt wbllo under the Inlluonc
able to attend to my tmsiuoMs. I can now rltlo my horso, a Hill
glad to give it, as aouio poor sufferer may be DoneQtted thoroby.J
>f VAtialtN'H I.ITIIONTKII'TM! and am I)
able to attend to my business, i can now rW? my liorao, a thuig 1 had boon unable to do tor uoarly two yoars. X"ou may publish such vt tuy statement as you may desire, i am
ifanoplato. I havo used ? i-hs hottk
For sale by the Laurcns Drug Co., Laurens, S. O, and the Palmetto Drug Co., Laurena, ?. 0.
Result of a Fight Between
Officers and Howard.
One of tho Deadliest Fights ou Record.
Marked Courage nnd Nerve of the
Throe Principals?A Tragedy Attended
by Extromoly Sad Circumstances.
The Qrconvlllo Mountaineer.
John B. Cornwell and G<orgo How
ard aro dead as a result of the light near
tho city Tuesday, Dec. 5th. George L.
Cooley is painfully, hut not fatally hurt.
The details of the fearful encounter
have been alow in coming out, and as
two of the principals are eternally silent
so far as the courts of this world are
concerned, the whole of tho bloody tale
will probably never be known.
This is one of the deadliest encounters
of the kind ever known in this section,
where lights about whiskey have been
frequent and ofton fatal. Probably
there has never boon a tragedy in this
county attended by sadder circum
stances. It is not likely that more
bravery or nerve has ever been shown
by all three of the men engaged in >\
hand to baud light when death surely
seemed the portiou of all. But it seems
there wore three others concerned in the
alTray who acted as assassins and cow
ards. The first man shot was hit in the
hack by a load fired from anioush, aud
tho man who seems to have been tho
custodian of the liquor, tho cause of all
this trouble, lied with great promptness
and speed and his unfortunate compan
ion died with the secret of the traitor's
identity. In many respects it was a rc
markablo light, and it has caused not
only poignant sorrow in several homes,
but ha? been a gonuino public grief.
The statement of Constable Cooley
contains practically all tho facts in the
case so far developed. The meagre
statements of Howard confirm Cooley's
testimony and eoirects tho impression
that Cooley ran, as Cornwell thought he
did. It is also clear that Cornwell was
mistaken in his impression that he killed
Cooley's statement to Coroner Wil
banks is as follows:
" About 2 30 o'clock Tuesday after
noon I got information that thero were
two men in tho woods just this side of
tho overhead bridge. I got a horse and
buggy from Bitton & Kolley's stab'es
ana came by Lab'ar's for Cornwell. We
v. cut on out tho Paris Mountain road,
and as wc got to tho fork of that little
road that Hanks tho pieco of woods
whe'o tho shooting occurred on the
north, I left tho buggy, circling into the
woods at the rieht of the main ro id and
crossed tho main road just this sido of
tho bridge. Cornwell went up the side
road about 25 yards and got out and
camo through tho woods to meet me.
Nearly in tho centre of this little pieco
of woods about 50 yards from the same
nridgu aud that distance from the main
road, Cornwell and I both saw two men
abodt tho same time They were sitting
up to a tiro mado in a treo and were
facing mo, though they appeared to take
no notico of mo. Wo walked right up
on them before they saw us. About 10
or 15 steps from them on my sido I
found two kegs of IP nor. and informing
Cornwoll of this fact i told him to arrest
tho men. They said, 'All right,' con
sented to tho arrest, and I never thought
thero would ho tho least trouble. Or e
of the men I knew, recognized him as
Gcorgo Howard. Tho other man I did
not know. Howard, I could sco, had
been drinking. If tho other fellow had
been drinking I could not detect it.
M When they consented to arrest, I
looked down on the ground and saw a
carbino iillo, ovidontly belonging to
them, and while Cornwoll wont through
their pockets to search them for weap
ons, I stooped down and picked up tho
gun. I told Cornwell to tako charge of
tho men and that I would get tho liquor
together and load it. While I was tug
ging away with a heavy keg on tho op
posite sido of tho huggy from thorn, and
with my back to tho men, and while Corn
well was going through them for wcap
ons, Cornwell said : Look out, Cooley,
this man has a gun in his pocket.
411 turned (I was on tlio opposite sido
of tho huggy from tho oHiore. including
Cornwell), and looked an'' oaw Howard
jork his pistol from hin right hand ovor
coat pocket. I bp w tho pistol and just
as ho got it or Cornwoll grabbed bis
hand. Tho U ird man, was standing
near tho flro, JO or 12 foot from mo and
8 or 4 foot fro n Cornwoll. Howard was
then 12 foot fr? m moandtotholoft. Corn
woll was sligl tly to tho right of Howard
and about tho samo distaneo from mo as
Howard- Ooi nwoll and Howard wore
facing each otl.".r tussling over Howard's
pistol. Cornwo.' turned the pistol loose
and stepped back about two paces and
Just as ho did eo Hi ward fired twice in
rapid succession at Cornwoll. At tho
first shot Cornwell Um w his right hand
to his stomach and criod " Mr. Oooloy,
ho has shot mo and ho '\as killod mo,
" I had carried tho carbim rifle 1 had
seized from Howard and tin strangor
around with me on tho opposite side of
the buggy from them. As I'Jornwoll
cried out 1 reached for tho guY in evi
dence?tho carbine?which W.u lying
live or six fest from the buggy. I was
at the buggy loading tho ?.oy. I had
a heavy keg trying to h -tit Into tho
buggy, and picked it up. As I did so
the stranger standing ?t the trrc shot
me in the buck. (The gun is Die gun I
picked up and bred at iioward.) As I
turned with the gun the stramrer ran be
hind the tree he was standing by and
continued to run, keeping the tree bo
tween me and him. I then turned on
Howard and fired the gun at him. After
that the repeating rille hung and I
threw it down and drew my 5 shorting
iM Smith Ss Wesson revolver from my
hip pocket and feed four times at How
" As I fired my first revolver shot,
Cornwell had emptied his first revolver
ami was in the act of closing in on How
ard and shooting him in the neck with
another. I closed in on Howard and
tired two or three shots, I won't be posi
tive which, into his left side, feeling for
his heart. Aa 1 did so Howard said :
" 'Don't shoot me no more ; you've
killed me '
" Just before I closed in on him he
?' 'You'd better get away; I've got two
or three more pistols.'
" When he said don't shoot mc any
more, 1 quit and the battle closed. I
did not know at that liniu that I had
another loaded cartridge in my revolver.
The revolver introduced in evidence is
the one I used in tho light There were
only four men present?Cornwell, How
ard, the stranger and myself.
"The light, as near as I can get at it,
occurred between '<] and 4 o'clock Tues
day afternoon, December 5th, lS'JD?
probably nearer !i than 4. I left Sittoil
ov Kelley's Btable in Laureus street near
police headquarters at about 2.80 and
drove directly out to the scene after
picking up Cornwell at tho home of
Chief LaFar in West Washington street.
"When the shooting was over I went
after the team, the horse having been
frightened away about 200 yards. I
brought tho team back by where the
light occurred and got into the main
road between the bridge and where
Oomwoll had sat down on the side of
the road near tho cabin. I passed How
ard in tho main ro.i j before I got to
'T never did see any moro of the
"As I drove up to Cornwell ho said
again, 'Ho has shot me and killed me'
and asked mc not to tell his wife. Ho
said he was too badly hurt for mc to
carry him in the buggy and asked me to
send u doctor to him. I camo in with
the buggy and whiskey to LaFar's and
reported the matter to him and he seat
assistance to Cornwell.
"I Jidn't know who the mon were bo
fore we went out to the place. It was
reported to mo that two men were in the
woods with whiskey violating the dis
pensary law. Their names wero not
"I was wounded in two places?In the
small of the back and in the left fore
linger. Iioward must havo shot mc in
the linger as I pulled down on him with
tho rillo. Tho keg of whi->key intro
duced in ovidenco is tho keg I seized
Dr. C. B. F.arlo made tho following
"I was called to see J. B. Cornwe 1
Tuesday afternoon and found that he
was Buttering from a gun shot wound of
tho abdomen, which caused his death.
He also had been she' under tho left arm
pit, the ball coining out behind, ju t bo
low the shoulder. Ho also had his sk'n
grazod in front of his chest, probably
caused by a third bullet. His death was
due to peritonitis, caus el by perforations
of the IntontinOS duo to tho l ullet
Stato Constable Cornwell died at the
Windsor hotel at 2 o'clock Thursday
morning. Ho realized from tho first
that lie would die, and was not ablo to
maku a connected statement. He at
tempted to give Hov. W. Jj. Boggs an
account of tho atrair, but was in such
great pain that his mind wandered. His
fatal wound was through Mio bowels,
tho intestines being punctured seven
times. Dra. T. T., C. B. and J. B. Karlo
and W. C. Black operated on him, but
thoy had litt'n hopo of saving his lifo.
He. was undor tho inlluonco of chloro
form several hours and was partially
undor tho inlluonco of opiates until his
death. He was conscious at times aud
recognized his mother and othor mem
ber? or the family who arrived Wcdn s
day. Tho body was taken In charge by
Undertaker Mackoy. The inquest was
held in connection with that ovor the
body of Howard. The remains wero
arnt to Chester by way of tho Coast
Lino Thursday at noon. Tho fonora'<
took place noar Chester.
Georgo Howarel d>od at his homi noar
tho Poo mill Thursday aftornoon at ? 30
o'clock. Ho mado to sworn statomont,
although ho mado a revelation of
somo kind to Capt. J. A. Moonoy. He
wanted to mako a statement to his
brother, but he, did not arrive ill timo
Ilia talk to tho physicians and tho nows
papor mon was po itive to the effect
that Cooley killed him a od that Corn
woll'a shots woro badly diroctod. It
waa discovered by Dra. Bramlott and
Wright that tho bullet which was at first
thought to havo dono tho deadly work
mado only a slight wound and Instead
of two balla going into tho nock there
waa only one, it going through. Tho
ball which caused his death onterod tho
loft sldo and ranged upward through
tho loft lung and into tho right long.
Tho body whs carried to Piedmont yea
terday for burial.
State Conatablo LaFar telegraphed
news of tho occurrence to Governor
McSwecnoy, who telegraphed hack
directing tho chief constable to write I
full particulars and to iiavo the Sheriff
arrest Howard. Mr. La Par ordered
Constables Bishop and Eubank from
Spartanburg and Constable Thomasson
from Hock Hill to this p'acc. Mr
LaFar is himself laid up with a badly
sprained ankle He bears testimony to
the faithfulncsB and gentlemanly bear
ing of the dead constable as well as Mr
Cooley. He is impressed with the idea
that gentlemanly deportment and kind
treatment of moonshiners is no guaran
tee to make a constable's occupation in
any degree safe.
Several members of the numerous
Howard family camo down from the
Dark Corner on the receipt of the news
of the calamity that befell their kinsman
They proclaimed that they would make
it warm for auv of the "spies" who came
their way. They declare hostility
against all men enforcing the liquor
laws, especially against constables. They
protest George was a crippled, iuoffen
sive man and had nothing to do with
Howard himself asserted not long be
fore his death that he was merely pass
inj by and had stopped and was talking
to tho man who ran away. Ho said
there were two men in hiding near by
who opened lire on the constables.
The man who, it is alleged, owned the
whiskey and wagon, is thought to bo one
William Gosncll, of the Dark Corner,
who has been noted for bis lnoonshiniiig
exploits. Ho was chased a fow miles by
Deputy Sheriff Whitmiro, but his trail
was lost. Howard refused to divulge
the inline of this man.
George Howard was about forty-live
years of age, and was a cripple, and ho
was rather a harmless, incocent looking
man, but he was known to bo game and
had been implicated in at least ono of
the stirring shooting scrapes which havo
made the Dark Corner famous. His
family lived at the Poo mill. He leaves
wifo and several children. It was
freely predicted that he would get over
the snooting, many people bolloving the
Howards were unusually hard to kill.
John Bennett Cornwoll, was twenty
eight years old and a son of the late
Representative Cornwell, of Chester
County. The family i? one of tho best
Chester. Young Cornwoll was a
brave officer and a quiet, courteous gen
tlemen at all times. He was a total ob
stainer from intoxicants and singularly
freo from vice of all kinds no was a
consistent member of tho Baptist church,
and not long before tho end ho said
he was prepared to die, but was
terribly grieved to leave his young wifo
and his aged mothor. Ho was for a
year or moro a student at Furnian Uni
versity and mado many friends bore
while in that school. Ho was sent horo
over a year ago as a constahio and mado
a most favorable impression on all. By
the peoplo who know him as a boy, a
man and an officer he is spoken of with
great feeling and respect. Six wcoks
ago ho was married to Miss Nora Wiso,
of Chester County. She became sick
about two wcoks ago and was very ill
at Mr. S. G. LaKar's when Mr. Cornwell
received his fatal wound. Her state
was alarming and it was feared sho
would not survive tho shock. Uowovor,
she insisted on going to Chester with
the remains of her husband, and it was
decided to allow her to do so. Hor
brother, a physician, accompanied her.
Mr. Cornwell's mother, his two sisters,
Misses Kate and M. L. Cornwoll and his
brother, Sheriff J. E. Cornwoll, of
Chester, arrived Thursday. Another
brother, T. J. Cornwell, president of tho
Bessemer, AUj., Savings Bank, also
arrived Thursday. Me-srs. J. E. aud
T. J. Cornwell wore students horo at
tho Patrick Mi'ltary Instituto, and J E*
Cornwoll graduated at that school in
1883. Dr. Simpson Wiso of Clinton, N.
C. and J. H. Wiso, of Chester, brothers
of Mrs. Cornwoll, arrivod Thursday
night. Col. T J. Cunningham, a promi
nent citizen of Chester camo over. Tho
alllictcd ones werogivon tho tendorest
attentions by Mr. LaFar, Bcv. W. L
Boggs aud wifo, Kov. It. W. Bandors aud
Constahio Goorgo L, Coolov is at tho
homo of Chief Constahio LaFar. Ho is
slmt in tho hack and in tho loft hand.
His wounds are sovcroand very painful,
hut ho has not boon at any time con
sidcrod in gravo dangor. lie has asked
to bo taken to his homo at Honca Path,
hut tho physicians havo not agreed to
this. Mr. Cooloy is about forty yoars
old and has a wifo and oight ehihlr. n.
Ho has boon on tho forco four years and
has never before had a diOlculty. Ho is
a native of this county und is well
known and highly cstcomod. Ho is a
pious kind hem ted man and commands
tho rospect of'tho people of this commu
nity to a marked degree.
Coroner Wilbanks can do nothing at
present except possibly to arrest Cooley,
which would probably scorn farcies).
Tho only witnoss is himself and his tes
timony, although it fixes on him tho
killing of Howard, will hardly convict
him of anything.
?In killed, wounded, prisoners and
missing the total British loseos have
n ached 2 380 men In South Africa.
Be*? the lhfl Kind You Have Always Bought
THE BEGINNING OF COTTON
MANUFACTURING IN THE
It is interesting to note some of the
early attempts at cotton manufacturing
in llic South. While wo look around
today and observe the busy hum of
the spindle and the loom we rejoice in
tho era of prosperity which is now up
on us. But consider for a moment
that these cotton mills, which aro the
life and blood of the Soiuh, arc *' c
outcome of a movement which started
a century ago. At that time the South
was entering upon her career as a great
agricuht' -al community and was just
beginning to feel tho importance of her
crops. Frior to that time the cotton
crop had not been in so great a dem
and as there had not been any way of
separating the lint from tho aeed. With
the invention of Whitney's cotton gin
in 17U4 the South along with the rest
of the world awoko to tho wonderful
possibilities of cotton manufacturing.
In 1811 the lirst cotton mill in Geor
gia began life. It was a small mill, on
Upton Creek in Wilkes county, nine
miles southeast of Washington. This
mill stood near the site of the b'.ildiug
in which Whitney operated hip gin. It
was built of stone quariied In the vicin
ity. Its size was sixty by O.ty, quite a
plant for those early day*.. Over the
front door was inserted the name llol
ton, with 1811 beneath.
A gicat doal of comment was caused
by this mill, and with the ample prep
arations mado for its sure "emulations
(which are to bo seen today) it should
have been a success. But it was not.
So it was closed up and tho machinery
sold to Thomas Talbot of the neighbor
hood, who begau to operato it, making
Cloth for hlS slaves.
In 1813, the scene is transferred to
North Carolina. In this year Michael
Schenck and Absalom Warlick built a
mill near Lincoln ton, N. C. The ma
chinery was mostly a homo product,
hav'ng been constructed on tho prem
ises by Michael Bean. He contracted
to install 2 .spinning frames with 70
flyer spindles each, 2 cards and a pick
er for $1300. And he performed his
task satisfactorily. This mill had a
floor space of 25 square feel. Tho spin
ning was done on a spinning jenny
which was the predecessor of tho mule.
The yarn spun was reeled off into
hanks and ake<ns and sold aa fast as it
could bo made for 50 cenla a pound.
The scene now changes uorthward
to Greensboro, N. C, where in 1830
Henry Humphreys built the Mount
Hocla Mills. This was the first steam
cotton mill in North Carolina. Great
dilliculty was experienced in getting
the machinery to the mill. Fast freights
were not known then (aa tho
rails for them to run on had not been
laid) so the machinery was shipped in
to Wilmington, N. C, from Philadel
phia by boat. Thenco it traveled up
the Cape Fear to Fayeltcvilla, N. C.
Here it waa unloaded and carried to
Greensboro on wagons. This mill waa
ofterwarda Bold to Thomas B. T?te, a
clerk of Humphreys, who removed it
to Mountain Is la ml, to be operated by
the magnitlicent water power of tho
The noxt great boom which was felt
in cotton manufacturing was tho one
begun when 10. M. Holt established
his first mill on Alamanco Creek, in
Orange county, N. C. This gentleman
has been rightly called tho "Parent
Plaid Producer," and so ho waa. Since
that day who of us in the South has
not heard of Alamance plaids? The n
telligcncc and foresight of this ono man
has resulted in tho establishment of
tho numbora of Holt mills which dot
tbo Suite of North Carolina.
About this time in South Carolina a
cotton mill waa built. It was located
at Vauclu8o and its construction waa
begun in 1833. Goncrnl McDuflle nnd
Mitchell King wero tho ownera.
This now brings us . to a time when
tho beginning of another groat manu
facturing Arm waa mado. In 1836,
Francis Fres and Dr. Schuman built a
mill at Salem, N. C. Out of this in
dustry has grown tho groat establish
incut a which now do so much credit to
Winston-Salem, N. C.
In 1838, a cotton mill was construct
ed in Concord, N. C. It was oper ted
by the Concord Mfg. Co. This company
wan auccoedod in 187b '>y the Odoll
Mfg. Co., which has bet 'e one of the
moat prominent manufacturing con
cerns in North Carolina. The ability
nnd good management of its president,
Cnpt. J. M. Odoll, has directed the
company's growth from a modest con*
_, ujp HL I'^L ?
nth* * Tin Kind Yoa Haw Urnm Bought
I cern with 830,000 capital to the mag- 1
niilccnt proportions it has today. |
This docs uot pretend to he an ac
curate list of all the mills which wero '
built up 10 the last dato mentioned.
It would rather point out some of the
important steps which were taken in
cotton manufacturing in thoso early
day?. Not so much attention is paid
to the report that a new mill is to DO
erected today because thoy are ou all
sides aud success is promised from tho
start, iiut in the tiineb of which we .
j have been writing success was not as
sured. Considerable foiesight must
have been recessary in order to get a
mill started; and (o this faculty is duo
the prosperity or some of the first mills
erected in the South. The owners
wero hampered by prejudice; no one
hol'eved tho mills could he made a
success. Iiut these early mill men
shook elT the fetters that bound them,
and by plating their concerns on a pay
ing basis, made themselves objects of
considerable attention. The buttle was
hard fought and victory difficult to win.
With prejudice now put behind and
success staring her in tho face, the
South pays gracious tribute to the
founders of the cotton mill industry in
her territory.?Textile J'Jxcclsior.
The Agricultural department has been
handed some promising grass seed by
the Brazilian minister to this countiy.
It is known as JaragUl in Brazil ami is
lepresentcd to ho a valuable forage
plant for bottom lands aud Havannas.
It grows to a great height, twelve foot
or more. The claim is made in Brazil
that Jaragua is more rich in protein
than the legumes, but this statement
is thought to be somewhat Spanish.
James S. tialloway, ot Ilillsdale,
Michignn, has just purchased the whole
of Morgan County, Ontario, thirty-nine
and a quater square miles, for the white
pine timber upon it. He could cut
nearly if not. quite 100,000,000 feet but
intends to hold most of it, awaiting de
In Yellowstone Park, where the wild
animals have been secure from the
hunters, there is said to be rapid in
crease in numbers. The bears and
coyotes oro becoming so numerous as
to be a nuisance.
The gold production of Australia in
the last half century has amounted to
more than 400,000,000 pounds.
All the emory used in the world
comes from the little islnud of Muxes,
Beantbo /) i"? Mnu iou nat8 www
The Rind You Hate Always Boujrfit
Condemnd Sehadule of I'mirufor Trulut.
In Effect Deouuibcr 10th. 18V9.
Oreeuvlllr, Waihtujttop and ton Kimt.
Lv. Atlanta, C. T,
" Atlanta, K T
" tieneo* .
" Grcenvlha ...
jit ? Gr?unnboro
Ar. IfTtohrnonJ ..
8 rto a
io as ?
t' Vi a
10 68 u
11 26 ?
) 1 63 a
12 52 p
2 81 i>
9 87 v
4 20 P
11 26 D
UM p * ...
fcrom ?ho R??t tu Gr?.??in?; Also
11 60 p
12 60 a
2 18 n
a 28 ?
4 28 a
0 00 a
7 03 a
7 45 a
8 61 a
9 50 n
12 a.) p
Still; IDolly. ,'Wp.lt
n 15 alio 46 }>
Ar. Kay Orlaana[ 7 4o~p)T?rT7i
0 ?D o. 7 80 a
r., BaTatma-h ..Ar
inohvtllo . "
Columbia . "
, ..QraanTlUa..i,Tl 6 STy l? iff ?
o 18 p Ar Sparlanbnrg Lt'iJ 20 a'll 1)4 a
.. . ...AnhuviUo.... ??
" ... Kuoiytllo... "
Ajj. Cincinnati.. LV
??nr-*- ? .:u..r
7 1^ a
V p. m. "Xt" noon. "JJ" night.
Ur dafly *xoap? ?nnday 10:2ft a. m. and 4:4? r>.
?rnlng leftvo Ham tor a* 8:80 a. iu. and
8:00 p. in., mA&Ingr.onnMtlon atftiniivtlio \vYth
train. b*..tw??n Columbia and Ch? 1
Turin? l?ave ?partapWg via 8
?tun dally for Qlondalo. Jon?v
Oolumbla. ivnrt Ii
in. end o:lfl p. m
...*8. U. A O. dlvt
Hm~^ ,1 I? ?/londnlo. Jon^avlllo. Union and
Polumbjaaod intermodlnt? pf,lnfa at II Mi
daily 8:40 p
y, t wo a> m.
dally 0.00 a. m.
ratal leave Tooooa, da.. for Klbortoii
Hundsy, 7:00 ft
C/he*apot.ke I/lne titoain
ilffMO Norfolk end Bajtl
Noe. 87 and 88~pallv. We
p. m., rossing con
at Toeeo? with trains betwoon Atlanta,
eamors lu dally aervloe
weetera Ventibule I,(nil tod.
sleeplng ear* between Hew York and 1
Isens, via Washington, Atleuta and Mr
ery, and also between Mew York and M
ashing ton and Booth
iltod. Through Fpllmen
Mew York and New Or
,e?ween Atlanta and Now
fllratolaa* thoronghfere coaches
LtlASle. I.OftTtmt W
Sgtoa and AtlanU. U
?leaping oar will ran I
' ?ton aad B?*
Bing oars serve
BSOtiOD at If off ?1
Also at Atlanta *
OhattaaOogit And j
Mos. Bf aad Mjj?'
solid between W
ratals en r?ml6.
Bleeping ears be
Irewtng-Toora sleeping cars t>?
vnta With Pullman D. It. flleopor for
pted Htetas rest MsJI run
hing too and New Orleans,
eosehee. fhrongh without
etwsea Richmond i\rjrtptyirloil?. vie Dai
will always find a ready
market?but only that farmer
can raise them whv, has studied
the great secret how to ob
tain both quality and quantity
by the judicious use of well
balanced fertilizers. No fertil
izer for Vegetables can produce
a large yield unless it contains
at least 8% Potash. Send for
our books, which furnish full
information. We send them
free of charge.
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
y3 Nassau St., New York.
Easily,Quickly, Permanently Restored
MAGNETIC NER VINE
autcc to Cure Insomnia, Pits, Dizziness, Hysteria,
Nervous'Debility, Lost Vitality. Seminal 1-ossea,
KailiiiK Mentory?the result of Over-work, Worry,
Sickness, Errors ol Youth or Over-indulgence.
Price 50c. and SI; 6 hoxnsiG.
For quick, positive and lasting'results In Sexual
Weakness, Imtiptcncy, Nervous Debility and Lott
Vitality, use BLUE LABEL SPEOIAL?double
strenRth?will give strength and tone to every part
and effect a permanent cure. Cheapest and best,
too Pills $2] by mail,
FREE?A bottle of the famous Japanese Liver
Pellets will be given with a Ji box or more of Mag
netic Nervine. Ircc. Sold only by
Sold by Dr. B. I'1. Po*oy, IVturrns
|\ V r. ? ??"
To all points North, South und South
wost. In elTect November 6th, 181)'.).
RO CT II BOUND.
No. 403. No. H
Lv New York, F. It. lt. ..'II 00am VM.Jpm
LvWashingtoi), 1*. It. R... 6 00pm 4 :?i?m
Lv Richmond. A. v.l... 0 00pm !?or.ani
LvPortemouth s. ?. I.. ~*S 46pni*9 20am
ArWeldon . It 10pm 114Sana
Ar Henderson.*1266am *i 33pm
Ar Raleigh. 2 22am 336pm
Ardo Fines. 4 27am 0 00pm
ArHamlet. ft 1 tarn 7 00pm
Lv Wilmington, H. A. L-_ -?3 05pm
ArMonrocTH. A. LT?.*tiCj5am *H l'2i>m
ArCharloltc S.A. L...... ?* 5 ???mM? l^opm
ArChestcrSAL.. *H ISanvMO 65pm
ArUreenwood.1046am 1 12a ?
Ar Athens. I 24pm 3 4Ham
Ar Atlanta. 3 60pm 0 l?ara
NoitTii BOOM n.
No. 402, No. 38
Lv Atlanta S.A.L.? 1 00pm?? 60pm
Ar Athens. 3 08pm 11 01pm
ArUreenwood . 6 40pm 140am
Ar Chester. 7 63pm 4 08am
Ar Monroe. SI 30pm 6 46am
Lvt:harlotte S A~1T..* s20pm ?;> QOam
Ar 11amiot 8 A L.".1110pm" 7 43am
Ar Will Ington] SAL_ "? 1-2 05pm
Lv So Fines SA L.*T'2 02am *V 00am
Ar Raleigh. 203am n 13am
Ar Ueiideraon . 3 26am 1245pm
Ar Weidon. l 66am 2 60pm
Ar Portsmouth,. 7 2imm 5 '20 pm
ArKichmond, A.t:. L.*5 loam *t 20pm
Ar Washington vial's ??? 'R1281pm il 20 pm
ArNew York.ti .' ipm 663am
?DailyT t Daily Kx. Sunday.
Nos.403 and 40^.?"The Atlanta .Special
Solid Veslibuled Tra;n ol Fullman Sleepers
andCoaou.es between Washington and At
lanta,also Fullman Sle-ocvs between Ports
mouth and Char'o.j, N. C
Nos. 41 end: >,?"The H.A. L. KxprCBB,"
Solid Train, Coaches and Pullman Sleepers
between Portsmouth an 1 Atlanta.
Iloth trains make immediate connection
at Atlanta for Montgomery, Mobile, New
Orleans,Texas, California. Mexico, Chatta
nooga, Nashville, Memi his. Macon, Flor
Vor Ticket*, Sleepo-s. etc.. apply to
G. McF. HATTE, T. F. A.,
23Tryon Btveet, charlotte, N. C.
J. D. JENNINGS,
Ant Abbeville. 8. G.
K. St. JOHN, Vice-President and (iencral
11. W. H. GLOVER, Trafllo Manager.
V. B. MoBBE, General bupt
L, S ALLEN, Gen'l Passenger Agent.
Genera. Oflloes, Portsmouth, Virginia
A New and Complete- Treatment, consisting (.
SUPPOSITORIES, Capsules of OintmentasaTtf?
Boxes of Ointment. A never-falling cure for WD**
of every nature and degree, it makes an OMfMtton
with the knife, which is p.ilnful, nud oftea W?h *
in death, unnecessary. Why endure tat? lavr*?4
disease? Wo pack a Written Quaranta? la ?***
SI Box. No Cure, No Pay. soc.and (t a MB? B* Sw
$5. Sent by mall. Samples Tree
OINTMENT, SAo. and
great LIVER and STOMACH RKUULA1
BLOOD PURIPIHR. Small, mild and .
to take: especially ada|>ted for children**I
? loses 35 cents.
FREE.?A vial of ttiese Gtmous little I
be given with a ft liox or more of Pile Cor*.
NOTICB?? TlIK oknuinb fkusu j apa mbs*
CURB for sale only by
Sold by Dr. B.F. l'oBey, Latin, ntt, S. C
Charleston and Western Oarollua R. E
AUOUSTA ANI> ASHBVILLB SlIOUT LINK
In offect July 'J.l, 1809.
Lv Johnson.... ....7... 0 00 a .
" Augusta. 0 40 n 1 40 p
Ar Greenwood.li 16p ......
" Anderson. 0 JO p
" Lauren* .. . 1 20 p o 66 a
" vireenvillo. 3 00 p 10 15 a
' Glonn Spr s. 4 80.n .
" Spartanbu . 3 H> p :i 00 a
" Baluda. . 6 ;<? p .
" Hcndornonville.t> 08 n .
" Ashevlllo. 7 00 p . ..
i.v a she. vi He." 8_2cr? ~rrr.
"i IIondorHonvillo.^Sl 17Ja .
" Flat Kock. ?'24 a .
"USaluda. 9^45 ? .
"iTryon.10 20 a . ..
" Spartan burg . 11 45 a 8 40 p
"l Glenn Springs.lu 00 a ....
" Grooiivillo-... P2 01 p 4 C3*p
" 'Lauren*. 1 87 p 7'00 p
" Anderson . 7 00 a
" Gr on wood. 2 37 p
" Augusta.f> 10 p 11 10 a
Ar Johnson.11 '20 p .
Lv Calboun Falls . 4 44 p .... "
' Raleigh....!.12 20 a ....,
" Norfolk . 7 30 ? .
" Fetorsburg. 0 20 u ......
Ar Riehl? ard.,_ 7 '20 a .
Lv Augusta. . 1 '20 p
Ar Allendale. ? 15 p
?' Fairfax. . :? 2? p
" Yeiuassee. 10 05 a 4Wp
M Beaufort.II 1? n 6 p
" Fort ltoy.il.11 HO a ?l? p
" Savannah . 7 lf> p
Lv. Cknrleston. 0 28 a
? .Port Royal . J 00 p 8 65 a
Beaufort.... . 16 p 7 '20 a
44 Yeroassee. 2 30 p ?20?
" Fairfax. 0 10 a
"r Allemlale. 1? 80 a
A Augusta. . 11 10 a
1.40 p m tr&ln maKe* clone connection
at Calhorn Falls for all points on M. A. Ii.
Close connection at Greenwood for al/
points <ju U. A. L. and 0? & (<. Railway,
and at ?partahburg with Southern Rail
For any information relative ,toJ tlckots
rates, schedules, eto., mid. ^
YV. j. Craki. Gen. Pass. Agont.
>c. M. NoaTH, Hol. Art. Anguata, (I?
T.M Kmkhhon. Trafflo Mm>? .^r.