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The Laurens Advertiser
$1.50 Per Year in Advance.
BIH, ARP QUOTAS BBRCHK?.
The Noted Minister Used C uhh
Words and the Hot Weather
This horrid, torrid weather reminds
me of what Henry Ward Jlcechcr said
iu his church one sweltering day in
July. He took no text, lie ?vipcdlhe
perspiration from his brow and look
ing solemnly at the large congregation, I
Haid: " It is bot today. It is damned
hot. It is as hot its hell!" Every
body wan amazed aud shocked until he
added, "That is the language I heard
two young men use at the door of the
church as J passed them. My young
friends, it is uot as hot as hell." Then
in a low, earnest tone he pictured the
torments of hell and the certain fate
of the wicked until the atmosphere ol
the church seem d to he cool and
pleasant in comparison. The ladies
Ceased to move their fans and every
body was still and solemn as a fuucial.
It was something like Jonathan Ed
Wards at Northampton when he got
his hoarors so wrought up and alarmed
that they groaned in fear and grasped
the postH and braces to keep from
Sinking into hell, aud another preacher
in the pulpit begged Mr. Edwards to
stop. " Slop, Mr. Edv-ardu; stop now
ami tell them of the mcicy and love of
What wonderful power is In tho I
words of an eloquent, earnest man. I
Mr. Beecher was all of that?a giltcd,
eloquent man. I heard him preach 1
twice before the wai and was profound- I
ly impressed. 1 looked upon him as I
the impersonation of the man of God. '
Later on, when be began Iiis vindic
tive war upon the South and said thai '
Sharp's rilles were belter than Bibles i
for .lohn BrOWU m Kansas and it was
aclinic to shoot at a slave-holder and I
miss bim, 1 wendend at my in fat tin
(ion with the man and exclaimed with
Isaiah, ** How are the mighty lallen/'
And still later when Tillen charged
him with alienating, and seducing his
wile and it took two months lo try the
case and the jury two days to make up
a verdict, which virtually said, ik He is
not guilty, but he must not do so any
more," L was mot*titled at my own
weakness in becoming his idolater and
resolved to worship no man while he
lived. A great man's character can
not be made up until after he is dead.
But I was rumiuatiug how easy it is
for a young man to say damn and damn
it, I'll be damned, and even to take
the name of God in vain. Damn is a
more convenient and expressive word
than dogon or diugnatiou or blamed,
and it shows a defiance of the devil
and a self-conceit in the man who
uses it. But il is a very handy exple
tive und when a young man gets in
the habit of using it bo rarely nt< l ins.
He know* that il is not good manners,
lor be docs not use it in the presence
of ladies or preachers or his parents.
Nevertheless there are some, good peo
ple who think damn il without saying
it. 1 beard a good story the other day
on Colonel Livingston, our member ot
Congress from the Atlanta district.
Last summer he wus sent over lu West
Virginia to speak and help die Demo
ciata in their canvass. He ventuied
into a pretty hot ItepubllCap town and
was haranguing and electrifying a
large audience, and while scarifying
tho Republicans and this lighting ad
ministration u soft, half done Irish
potato took him kerzip right b< tween
the eyes, it knocked off his specta
cles and flattened into mush all over
his classic countenance. It surprised
and shocked him, ol course. Recover
ing his glasses he wiped the sticky
Stuff from his face and said with ex
cited tone, "My friends, I have been?
J have been a consistent -a consistent
member of the Presbyterian church -
the Presbyterian church, 1 say for
more than?more than lifly years?yes,
fifty odd years, and have tried to live
tried to live in harmony with all men
with all men, but if the dirty, dogond,
dadblamed puppy who throw that po
tato will stand up or raise his right
hand I'll be?I'll be dadhlasted if I
don't slop speaking long enough to
come down and lick the hair and hide,
off of him in two minutes by the
clock." As nobody rose or raised a
hand the colonol resumed his broken
remarks, but declares that he never
came as near cursing since he joined
This thing of cursing is of very an
cient origin. Sometimes it was done
by proxy. Bulak, the king of Moab,
hired Balaam to curse Israel, and some
of u>j veterans remember when we, loo,
wanted to hire a cussin man t j expend
our wrath upon the Yankees. Peter
cursed and swore when accused of
being one of the disciples. It is pro- J
bable that he said ?< I'll he damned if
I am," or perhaps worse. Soldiers and
Bailors have in all ages been profane?
tho very class that are in greatest peril
and should have the greatest reverence
for their Maker. Uncle Toby savs
??Our army swee terribly in Flanders."
And Uncle Toby himself swore an
oath when he found the sick soldier
lying and dying at his gate. ?? He
shall not die, by (iod," he said, and
the accusing spirit llew up to heaven
with t'10 oath and blushed as he gave
it in. The recording angel as ho wrote
it down dropped a tear upon the word
and blotted it out forever." That is
beautiful, isent it? Verily, chut it}
hideth a multitude of sins.
Hut Una is enough on Ibis subject.
It is too hot to work in the garden and
so I get in (he shado of the vines on
my verandah and ruminate. Judge
Griggs, eur honoicd member bf Con*
grc.su, tells thai story on Colon? I
Livingston and ho told another thai
will make the old men forget that it is
hot, for thoy never get too old to
enjoy any story that lias a ptetly wo
* man in it. One of the last cases
brought before the judge was a young
unsophisticated country boy who was
charged with an assault upon a bounic
country girl in that he had caught her
at the spring and bugged and kissed
her against her will. Her mother saw
it from her pia/./.a and" heard her
scream and saw him run away to the
flelld where he was plowing, she was
very indignant, and prosecuted him.
She- was tho witness- and so was the
gul, but the girl dident seem very vin
dictive. She said lie dident hurt her
!>ut took her by surprise. She bad
filed hor bucket and was about to go
back when bo caught her and hugged
her ?trid kissed her right on her mouth.
Tho solicitor closed ins case The i
young man was put up to m ? his J
statement, and all he said was that she
looked so sweet and pretty he could nt
help it, and he dident believo thai
Miss Molly was very mad about it
nohow, for she wont off singing of a
byme. " What hymo was she sing
ing?" asked the judge. " I don't
know," he said. " What hymo wer?
you singing, Miss Molly v" asked the
judie. She smiled and said it was
^^gjjotd Will Provide." Tho judge
charged U>o jury very mildly, and told
them that au assault Implied malice,
etc., but as tho jury eouldenl BOO Whore
the malice camo in, they came back
with this verdict: 41 >4'c, the jury,'
lind the defendant not guilty, as thoru
was no malice or hate in it, ami we.
recommond him to the mercy of the i
This story reminds mo of Johu :
Kiloy's verdict in the Puss caso. Uood
old .lohn Kiley, the lineman of The !
1! nil' Courier's pressroom for yea s'
and years, and the foreman of the juty j
in UlO case of the State against UoiUUhtS
Pass for hog Blonliug. Pass had betn
suspected ol* killing Wallis Warren's
shoals as lhoy ran in the wund-?, and
80 Wallis 1 lid for him and one OVOtlillg
about dusk, when he heard a rille sin t,
he slipped up and caught Pass in the
very act of pulling lite sh' at in a Back.
Wallisdideitt go to the war and manag
ed to save his -n <k. PrtSS WOllt, and
loft his wile and thrco little children
to the mercy "> (lod and the com
munity. When he returned ho found
there was nothing left to live OU, nh(l
one of the children had died, ludgo
Wright voluntocred to defend him, and
lutroduced uo evidence, bul luul the
last speech. I will ucvor forget the
lender pathos of that speech his pic
ture of a poor soldier returning home,
to lind desolation and despair, lie
never alluded to the evidence, hut had
the jury and the court in tears, The
judge charged them as fairly in he
could, and they retired. In a brief
time they came in with this verdict:
" Whereas, Ihe lute, unhappy war re
duced many of our Lr,i\e sohiicrs and
their families t<> want und poverty by
reason of which ihoy were forced at
limes to wander in ihe woods for such
game as they could Und in order t<>
keep the wolf fiom llio door and Iheir
little once from starvation; thoroforo,
we, tin- jury, lind the dctcndani n il
guilty. John lliley, roremau.
By gracious!" said Wallis, "they
found Pass suilly ami then pardoned
him." Judge Wright never lost a caso
where he had the last speech and a
woman or a poor man uns his cllcut,
But it is got lieg a little cooler now
as the sun neais the bori/.otl, 1 must
slop and turn tin- water loOSO on my
garden. The city has no water meters
! yet, and I can steal water with IIU
! putllly, but as the lllggor preacher said
to his Hock, ?? You inu-cnt bo coichcd
stcahu' chicki n?c iched, I saw"
FOLKS ACROSS BLUlv RIDGIS.
Their Politics Based on Liberty
and Religion on Actual Perdi
Mr. William K. Curtis the well
known Washington correspondent of
I lite Chicago llccord-Herald, bus been
on a visit to Western North Cn'o'.iun,
ami writes as follows in regard to the
people who live there. Tho picture is
somewhat overdrawn, but Mr. Cuitis
is a very Vivid writer and some al
lowance must be made lor Ins i cjlur
csquo styie, which would naturally be
drawn out by the mngr.iliccnl scenery
where these mountaineers are to bo
found. The sketch i< as follow.-:
The mountaineers of the Blue Itidgo
are a race of themselves, in many re
spects unlike nil the other communities
that make un this&rcat commonwealth,
They partake of [ho ruggoil and som
bre eharaetor of the mountains in
which thoy live, an?l have inherited
tlnj habit* and customs, as weM a8 the
cablu8,of their grandfather* and great- .
grandfathers, who got ibat far in the
westward inarch of ?mpire, but
could go do farlhei because their
teams were tired and the moun
tain roads wen: impassable. There
these pioneers -ettl< I down, chared
little, spots of land in the forest and
began an mending struggle With
nature, which has been only partially :
[successful, ami, continued from gen-1
?ration to geueralion, has produced a
hardy people who live comfortless lives
rjf labor and ptivalion, ami yet are not 1
unhappy. Tin ir politics, teligion,
morals and superstitions are unchange
able and of the severest kind. Thoir
politics is based on liberty, as their re
ligion is based on brimstone. Hence
they are. Moonshiners, hard-sholl
Baptists and shouting Methodists.
They resist the revenue ollicOl'S because
; they beltCVO the government is de
priving tin tn of their liberties. Theh
preachers picture the torments of the
damned in lurid colors, because it re
quires something strong lo arouse their
emotions, ami thcil mortal lives arc so
; full of misery that a mild form of per
dition would not seem an adequate
! punishment for sin.
j They are dull in hook learning, hut
tenacious of memory. This is due to
their empty minds, ami Iheir lack of
knowledge ami experience. They
have lived in stagnation. They have
few events to remember and the im
pressions left by the trilling incidents
of their lives and the little inlorinalion
tiicy gather arc never effaced.
The mountaineers are illiterate in
secular teaming, hut you seldom lind a
household that is not well posted iu
Scripture history. While they may
not he. able to read the text, they can I
quote pus.-ages fr m the Old and New j
Testaments without number, arc. t ngur I
for theological contioversy, arc power
ful oxhoi'tcrs mi l fervent in prayer. I
Some of the most effective preachers |
can scarcely read or write. Their
language is rude, but inspired by deep!
emotion. Northern people have loht i
me that the n*.OSteloquent prayers they
ever listened i?? wore offered by uu?
couth, uneducated mountaineers. Tins
ISA matter ol pride with them. Mon
Wlio can pray eloquently and carry "ii
theological controversies with credit nro
quite as highly esteemed as those who
excel in the use of the nllc or in ath
There arc few words in their vocab
ulary because they do not have many
?' leas or much information to com
nainiculc. It is said that Ii" civil /.cd
people have so barren a laugtingo, but
their dialed is unique and philologists
lind in'it a C ose relation totlio Scotch,
which was the tongue of their ances
tors. Perhaps their limilod vocabu
lary is part of their poverty. Tin y
may practice economy in Intlgtingc as
in the other necessities of life, but
their virtues are equally COnspleil >us
ami they are. famous for their l)0S| la
lity. No mountaineer ever turned n
stranger from his door unless ho sus
pected him of being a revenue agent,
and then ho followed him down the I
rond with u shotgun.
They never look up anything. They
have nothing to steal, tin<l honesty ami
a recognition of the rights of others
are the fundamental principles of their
morality, Charles Egbert Craddock
has given us graphic pictures of Iba ir
customs and habits, and those who
know them host say that her sketches
aro accurately drawn.
They care very little what is going
on in the outside world, and while they '
do not resist civilisation that is pressing !
closer and closer around them, they
arc Indifferent to it. Tfuy refuse to 1
adopt labor saving machinery, although
the industrial schools established by
the benevolent pooplo of the North for
th(! hands und minds mid l08l08 of the ,
imoui 11: generation nrogradudly break?
ing through lho crust of their con
Not ion"; ago i visited ouo <?f these
schools near the Hot Springs ol North
Curoliua, which wa rounded i>y a
Dartmouth Col'ego man named Luke i
DorlanU, who went dowu tbore many
years ago lor ins health. As ho wan
dered over tbe mountains, nudyiug
the lives ami habits of the people, be
was most impressed by their abomin
able cooking ami started a school in
his kilcheu. He could accommodate
but few pupils, whom he selected from
among the brightOSt girls in the neigh
borhood, but the Held was wide and
the school kopt growiug until it now
consists of several departments, which
arc under tbe supervision of the Wo
men's Home Missionary Society of the
Prcsbytoriau Church. At Ashovhh
there is a similar industrial school, j
Wliuro ICO girls Irom 12 to IS years
old, are being taught housework, cook-:
big, sewing, gardening and other prat ?
tied knowledge It cost only s7,-, a
year t<> educate one of these girls and I
do not know w here nmnev can be bet
ter illV08fed. There is also a normal
school whore the brighter minds are
trained to leach others what they IhotU?
selves have learned of the household
arts, ami I.'10 young missionaries are
being lilted to go into the mountains
to preach Hie gospel Of order, neatiiesjs
and comfort among the primitive
bonus of the mountaineers. At the
little village of Denmark is a farm
school of 400 acres win re 1 10 boys are
being luughl the iwo of modern um- I
chincry und ucouomicul methods and j
the tuduncntary principles of agricul-1
Tho Dorinud Institut?-, at lint'
spring-, like,the other |schools*I have
named, is under the care ol' the wo
men's homo mission board ol' the .
Presbyterian Church, hut is Bupportul
directly by nulivluual churches, BOCic
lUjH ami bouevolout people, "Who pay
cci^dn sums every year to .sustain
scholarships. There are now llfty-two
girls in the institute, who can be
educated in the ait of housekeeping
lor $50 a'Vear, which is the cost of a
scholar-hip. This is possible boctlUSO
the teachers try to make ftle school as
neat ly self-supporting as possible.
The pupils in this seh< o! arc selected
from the most intelligent girls in a
I0T04 list ol applicants, for it can ac
commodale but a small proportion of
thos,. who wish t<> attend. They all
come from the eabtus in the moun
tains, ami the brightest ones are chosen
on the theory lhat the gr?ntest good
can lie accomplished by using the lies',
material, 'l iny ate taught to sew, to
cook, to make gardens ami a sullicient
amount < I hook learning to enable (hum
t > rend, write and keep accounts. If
a girl proves too dull of intellect 10
coiupreh' ml the simple purposes of tho
institution she is scut home and her
place is filled by another of greater
promise, Tho course is three years, nl
the end of which giudualing exorcises
arc held wi'.h considerable coremouy
to impress the fathers and mothers ami
the neighbors with the Importance of
education. Most of the girls many at
once after leaving the school, because
the youug men appreciate the advan
tage of having a wile who is Uaincd to
make n good housekeeper.4
Strangers always wonder where ilie
mountaineers get their clothing. Much
oi it is home*tunde, like the furnish
ings of iheir houses, which show the
lark of what Harriet Bccchor Slowo
culls 11 faculty." Thoy cannot adapt
things like the Vanl ecs. They ran
make n tomato can serve the purpose
of a teapot, but their ingenuity goes
very little farther. The most sinpris.
ing and mysterious problem is the
origin of their hats, and. although I
have asked the question of everybody
who ought to know, I have beou unable
t ? gel the slightest satisfac ion as to
the SOUl'CC of supply. I'l e women
wear sunbounets made of calico with
wide frills, but the men hove the most
remarkable variety and pattoru of
headgear worn anywhen else. You
cannot lind their like in any other part
of the civilised world, ant! they not only
last a lifetime, but arc banded down
from generation to generation. They
t II a story of an old man whose bat
blew off as he was crossing a Im i Ige
and lloalcd down lite Stream. Tin:
neighbors rallied to the cry of distress
ami sought tor days with as much zeal
as they would have shown in recover
ing a human body. But it was a failure,
ami from that date the old man went
about bareheaded. He was too old lo
buy a new hat, he said. A merciful
Providence could not be expected lo
spare him many years longer.
[f anyone is curious to know what
becomes of the old clothes that we send
lo the home missionaries he might
spend an interestin / hour in the siore
room of tho Borland Institute. There
is a collection of nondescript garments
of all si/.as and fashions and materials
which would suggest another essay by
the author of "Sartor llcsartus." These
garments have been received from time
to time in missionary boxes from be
nevolent people in diffoienl parts of
the country, and arc spread out aceor.l
inh to size mid quality, as in a second
hand clothing store, and supplied to
the families of the mountaineers in ex
change for vegetables, eggs, butler,
fowls, fuel and whatever else the pur
chasers arc able lo offer. Nothing is
given away. 'I he price of a pair of
shoes may ho only 10 cents; an over
coat may he exi hanged for a days'
labor, a warm woollen dress for a pair
ol chickens or a basket of eggs, or a
full suit of clothes for a load of wood,
an I by such barter the school is I
Supplied with the necessities of life.
i The science of agriculture is pre
i gr< s ing steadily and keeping paee with
; the times. New discoveries in (hat
1 Hold are being made daily which are
, constantly adding to tho worldls wealth
I aim man's comtort. lleCOUt experi
men Is prove that tho date palm, an cs
ftotitially tropical fruit, can ho produced
10 perfection in the Colorado desert,
which occupies an area of some thou
sand or more square miles in the south
western corner of California, a rogiou
hitherto regarded as not only absolute
ly woithkss, but ono that had earned
tho sobriquet of "Dead man's land,"
from the fact that no animal or plant
life was supposed to ho able to exist
The supreme court of California has
decided in a contest between BOXt of
kin on ihcouc hand and claimants nn.
j (lor a will on the other for tho pot>*08
( sinn of a corpso, thai a man cannot hy
I will (hspOSO of hit corpse, says (he Chi*
: cago Chronicle. The custody of the
corpse In l.aigs to the next of kin in
proloronco lo the administrator. This
I view is based on lh,o fact that the gen
et al English ami American legal au
thorities establish the rule that, in (he
absence of statutory provisions, there
is no properly in a (load body.
Benthe ^The Kind You Have Always Bought j
TUK SOUTH CAROLINAJUDGK
Dr. Carlisle Talks About the Judi
ciary in This State in Other
The Spartauburg corrospoudeut of
the News and Courier tunke? the follow
ing report of an address of l>r. .In*. II.
Carlisle boforo the teachers of the
Dr. Carlisle math' a mo.-t lulcrostiug
and suggestive talk to the, teacllOIS I
Saturday evening, his BUbjccI being
the Sotuii Careliua Judge, n did not
seem a very attractive subject for '
teachers, three-fourths of them being
women ami no path blazed out from
the teacher's desk to the bench. Mut
he was especially interesting in holding
up and illustrating the dignity, the In
tegrity ami the lucorruptibility of the
South Carolina Judge.
He Ba'd that in May, 1842, n body of
students might have been seen walk- !
i11!_' Main street in Columbia, anil turn
ing lit at the CotU't House, where lb.
Court of Appeals was silling.
It must be remembered that the
I Court jf Appeals was made up of the
j Circuit .Indies Bitting togelhor twice a
i year. In 1842 those student* saw tho
! following .lud.es with their gowns on
j sitiiug in the Court or Appeals: Kicli
urdson, O'Neal I, Evans, Katie, Duller
I and Wardlaw.
The Chancellors at that lime were
i David Johnson, John .lohnsou, I htnkiu
: and Harper. These names ami the
i memories f this distinguished body id
men ate preserved only in ?' O'Ncall's
Bench no I liar," ihe Sketchen hy
CJovernor l'orry," und in a I'ew memo,
rial pamphlets. Hut il is nut the men
that are to bo considered, but lite ?Iii*,
nity, the induction, the conservative
power of the olllco that i ises above
tin individual. These, are some of the
characteristics of the old judicial sjs
ThO Judges were chose'i by Ibo gen
eral assembly ami l heu* ofllco was for
life or good behavior. This made Llictii
independent. While Iben* salaries were
tiol large, ihoy ufforded a competency
for ordinary wants. The law w as that
salaries could not he changed during
the ten uro of olllco. So it, perhaps,
happened that one of the Judges would
receive $2,000 and some of the others
?.'1,000. If a law was passed rinsing
salaries it did not apply to those in
The only way Olli of that was for a
low salary Judge lo send in his resig
nation, which would bo promptly lie
copied, and then he would bo rc-olocfc
od at once and draw the salary then in
'1'h ere. is onlv one instance of a Judge
resigning in order that ho might draw
a larger Biliary. That was JudgO lin
ger. In no ease .where a Judge sen!
in his resignation did he fail of re
election. In a few instances there was
When Daniel linger, after be had
settled down, considered his outlook.,
in lifo, he came to tlie. conclusion that
only two roads were open to him. 11 * -
must either h ad the life of a planter or
' study law. He chose the latter course,
; was elected Judgo and United Stales
11 m??y ho remarked lhal ln> was a
I bettor u rcsigner" (ban Tillman ami
McCain in, lor lu- resigned the Judge.
ship ami then, being uu ardoul Union
. man, ho resigned his seal m Iho United
Slates Sonnte to permit Calhoun's
Tbc Judges borrowed ibe gown from
England, for South Carolina was closer
to the mother country than any of the
Slates. Ittel) men would send then
sons hack 1 onto to be educated. IJy
! that association the gown and the
sheriff, with cocked hat and sword es
coiling the Judge to and from the
Court House, became customs hen:.
One hundred years ag.i lawyers wore
gowns, inthe old days Iho - rente t
deference was paid Judges. The fra
I lernal feeling, the spirit of the body,
was marked. The Judges met in Co
, lumhia twice a year. They boarded at
the same house, not at a hotel, but a |
private bouse, and tbat brought about
a close relationship. Judge O'Xeall
never ?,poke in private conversation of
Judge Richardson, or any other Judge,
hut it was "my brolhoi Butler, or
In 184C, after an earnest delate, a,
law was passod limiting tin term of a I
JltdgO, so that When he leached lifj
years the cilice would he. vacated.
While that law was signed by the
speaker of iho House ami president ol
the Senate, it neyer became operative.
Hut after that an effort was made to
get Judge Hichardsou out of oilice on
account of weakening and lading men
tal powers. The only way to accom
plish that was by impeachment, so he
was impeached ami defended his own
When the Senate had assembled to
try him the president, W. 1\ Colcock,
rose and said lhat they would hear
what Judge Richardson had to say.
The Judge had a table and some bo >Ks
on it in the aisle of the Senate cham
ber. He hl'080 and made such a clear,
logical, forceful ai'gunmcnt that the
Senate was convinced that his mental
powers were all right and the impeach
In the colonial days an unworthy
Judge was sent out from England.
Judge Qrimko was impeached in
1811, not for want of integrity oi
ability, but because of his rude and
There was an impeachment in 1830.
Judge Win. Dohciu James had been
on the bench thirty yoars, and had
yielded to a subtle, ovcrpowei ing, de. j
basing appetite for strong drink. He |
had ri/.iehed a point where he could
not resist the temptation. While the
oilice was vacated resolut inns wntn i
I passed endorsing tho iutogrily of Iho
j unfortunate. Judge. Since thai day
? several Judges havo approached close
j to tho danger line.
No JudgO has ever been imp' ached
j for corruption in olllco. There were
i able lawyers in Ibis Slate who could
not accept a Judgosbip,
James L. Potigru belonged lo that
class. He needed more money than the
salary given to a Judge. Judge Long?
street, of Georgia, when not a member
of tho church, opened his court wilh
a short prayer. There s no recorded
instance of a South Carolina c >uri
being thus opened.
Dr. Carlislo nliudcd to the three
Judges who have recently died and said
that tho breed >f noble men and just
Judges had not died out. When ling
land's King dies immediately tho pro,
einmal ion i* made in due form, " The
King is dead, long live the King !"
Let this bo the earnest wish ami prayer
of every citizen when South Carolina
Judges pass away. " Lot tins Judge
or that one die, but long live, the South
Carolina Judge I"
GIOW-WOrDas, or as they ai?. oiled in
many localities lightning hugs, BrO
inucii more hrillinnt when a storm is
coming than at other seasons.
Is toon common than we may thins., if
we dehne gluttony us eating beyond the
body's need of sustenance a;i<f bjey'Olld
the Btomach'9 capacity for digestion and
assimilation of food. That is a fair
definition! and it fastens the name glut*
ton on many a person who would r< lit
the term as an Insult, The fact of this
gluttony is murkcd by it^ con lequcnccs.
rhe overloaded stomach become:; dis
eased. The popular term for the condi
tion is "weak" stomach. The "wed;"
stomach fails in furnishing adequate nu
trition for the bods-, and BOOH the''weak
ness " spread;! from the .stomach to Oilier
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
cures diseases of the stomach and other
Organa of digestion and nutrition. It
enables the perfect assimilation of food,
by which alone the health and strength
of the body is maintained.
"Your medicine helped me bo much thai i
cannot i>t,iise ? t,"> highly," writes Mrs. C. I..
! Droolcs,of I'oland, AndroscogKlu Co., Me. ?Thc
; Ii ist dote I took helped inr. i cannot leitet
how I f<it when i took It; 1 wn?suffering every,
tiling with Indigestion, and my stomach was so
, bleute,) that It seemed as though it must burnt.
My ItUntNIIld Kr.i'l he was ^oiiin lor the il
btit 1 salil if he WOUld k<-t tue u bottle of th"
'Golden Medical Discovery' I would Iry that,
I hud not luge it it ioiiK when 1 f?.-tt reite? a. and
have not had a toueh,ol Indigestion, o' Btomnch
trouble since. I had been bIcIc for Coin years,
and less ihau four boHlca cured mo, Rome
people that khew me before I beg'.n to take the
'Ooldeu Medical Discovery' tel. me that they
uevei saw Hitch a change in any vue, and they
niso say they don't Bee how i can do sw h large
wuahhfgs us I <!<> now, when i I tad not done a
washing for so Ioiik."
Dr. Pierce's Pellets cure biliousness.
DISPENSARY VS. UNCI.W SAM.
Do the Internal Revenue Law;; Ap
ply to the Dispensary System't
The Slate of South Carolina, acting
through the Covornor an.I Attorney
(ieueial, has instituted proceedings I? -
fore the commissioner of internal re\
enne to ti>>i the question wnelh. r th<
Stale can he legally required intake
01 t special tax stamps as wholesale and
retail liquor dealers under the .state
dispensary laws, ami has made a de
mand upon the commissioner for a re
fund of all such taxes hitherto paid,
amounting to ?4,1)1(1. NVIule tins sum '
is not largo,it is reali/.ed thai the prin- i
ciple at Issue is ??l mea t and far-1 each
ing importance. The one question in
volved is whether the internal revenue I
laws of the United Statt s apply ttJ the I
dispousnry system of South Carolina,
so as to entitle the collector to dum in i
the payment of these ihm -, I he < n
lire dispensary system of South Caro
lina is managed by a hoard oi commis
sioners, consisting of three persons se
lected by the Legislature, with Colum
bia as us hendquai ters. The Suite, dis
pensary distributes the supplies to ti e
county dispensaries, ami these in turn
are managed by country dispensers, < r
agent*, ali being UUdet' the hoard of
State commissioiiers. Under tin law
no liquor can bo sobi at night nur to bo
drunk <>u tbo premises ol tin: dispen
sary, rite liquors sold uro tbo property
of the Stale, nnd the profits aceruu to
Die state. Tin- salaries of all tin- otli
oiulf of the dispensary an- llxcd by
law and <n> not depend upon tbo
amount of their sales.
In the s rief IIled with tbo commis
sioner <>l internal revenue on b< halt' ol
the State, it is contended that, there is
nothing in the laws ol tbo United
States authorizing tbo collcclii u ol in
ternal revenue, taxes which, i veil im
pliedly, authorizes the imposition of a
tax against a suite or it- instrumen
talities of government, and that such
an act containing any provision taxing
Iho lustrumenfalilies of the Stale gov
ernment would bo to that extent uu
It is contended further that the prop
erty of a stale and tlu! means and in
strumentalities employed by ii to carry
its laws into ope re l Ion cannot he taxed
by the Federal government, and an
opinion of the late Judge 1,'ooley on
this quest ion is quoted. Ii any inter
nal revenue law id' the United Stales
requiro the ngents of the state ami
county dispensaries of South Carolina
? ach (o pay a lax lo the United States
before being permitted lo exercise the
duties of their ollicu, it i- contended
that the. law is unconstitutional ami
void in this particul ir, because Iho tax
which it imposes i-> purely and simply
a tax upon the insirumonudilics by
Which the Stale, through Us laws,
seeks to minimize the. evils of Ihe
liquor Ira tile within its bo dcrs. Th
Fodoral government, it is held, caunol
constitutionally intct fere with the ad
ministration of these laws b) requiring
a Special lax stamp to be paid by U.i
olllcinls as a coml'tion precedent to the
exercise of their duties.
Commissioner Verkcs has the claim
lor the refund of the tax by Ihe Slat"
of South Carolina under consideration,
but has rendered no opinion yet. Whit i
it is true that ibis dispensary system
may be designated a Slate a-viiey, and
its maintenance upheld as < institu
tional under the police power resldt ;.i
in all sovereignties, yet the commis
sioner IS inclined to the. opinion that il
is not such a necessary Slate agency
or such a needful function of the Stale
government ns will exempt it from
Kedoral I ixation. There are certain
agoncies abs iltib ly essential lo Iho I fc
of a St ue, stadi ns the maintenance ol
courts, executive olllcinls, collccii.i
taxes for the payment ol nceessnrv
Mate expenses, ami it may he admitted
that tho tintionnl government can at
no time and in n , way, directly or in
Iirt t tIy, levy a ia\ upon these' neces
sary Stale ng< ncies ; otherwise the na
tional government might tax them ? m
of existence, hut, ihe urovurifineni
I contends, when Lhe Suite performs n
work ami nsftUIUOS dil'COlio i of an agen
cy which has been find can ho per?
formed by il citizens in their Individ
U d capaciiy, a new ii8|iCCt arises. If
if is unconstitutional to require the In
tal agents employed under the. dinpeu
aary system of South Carolina to pay
I lite government the sums required lor
retail and wholesale liquor dcnlors1
i stumps, then this same Stnte ami all
i other States, the commissioner points
OUt, could lake c< lltrol not only of the
'sale hut of the manufacture of whis
key, beer and tobacco ; and if so, th n
the question would arise, could the
government levy any tax upon the.
products of plants under and operated
by the State and used for these pur?
pObOS? If so, while the Stales might
thereby be able to pay all of their g0V?
crnmcnlnl expenses, tbo natu nal gov
ernment, it. 18 Said, would lose an in
ternal rovenUO income of sonic tfiiOu,
000,000 per year.
It is understood that if the commis
Sinner's decision is against the State,
as it seems probable, the 0.180 event
ually will go to the supreme court of
the United States,
A linen bag for old cloths and rags
which might answer i or window clean
ing and dusting is a useful arliclo to
have in convenient roach of tho house
OP PRACTICAL EDUCATION.
Experienced Men Urge the Neces
Bity of Industrial Training
Manufacturers' ? coord.
In his address at the commencement!
exorclso* ol a trade sell <?; in New
York, Charles M. Sehw.il?, presldeut
ui'the United >tut08 Stool C>?rporuUou,(
said thai the hey who does his duty
and a little more than his duty is the
boy who Is g< iug to succeed in the
world, ami that the hey in business?
not one intended for the professions?
who Starts with a manual school edu
cation at seventeen or eighteen will
got a start that the hoy who goes
through college will never e?tch up ;
with, otlu r things being equal. Here
Mr. Schwab was talkiug id' practical
education as an aid to boya seeking to
be BolLnindo nu n, UOt the education
duiived merely from text-books. That
is demanded by the times, and espe
cially at the Soulll. Tills was well
illustrated b) Mr, 1). A. TollipkillS, of
Charlotte, N. ('., in a speech in which,
reci gui'/.ing the value of education in
schools ami colleges if properly sup
plemented with practical Iraiuiug, ho
quoted Hie following as ? typical oou
versntion between the mauufacturor
ami the average youth who has Ihihdicd
a school or college course:
I culled in to see if you could give
me a posit ion."
"What cm \ou do?" asked the
I ninnufuclurt r."
\V< 11, 1 havt n't had any experience,'
ami I can't exactly do anything, but
I've l ad a lair education and I'm will
ing to trj almost anything."
o ( an -u play f. oil) ill?" asked the
"Oh, yes; very well, indeed," an
swered the young man.
I o Did you play .so well the Ural lim?
you tried .'"
" No, . ii; l had to practice n lot bc
roi? I could <lo any good."
11 ' be work in my mill requires pre
vious training <<f prui tif**, jusi as fool? I
ball does. It you waul a position,!
education alone (in the sense ol school
or college education) is not stilllcient.
11 1 had a position vacant now you
couldn't lake it. You simply need a
chance lo practice?10 work?rtO ae
miiu skill and experience."
Mr. Tompkins added Hint almost
every manufacturer has almost always
an opening lor a youth who combines
in himself knowledge and skill, ami
that this *wii.s true of machine ishops,
woodworking slue,.,', cotlonsood-oil
nu'.-', '. oil ,!! mills,fertilizer worns and
almosl every kind <d* industry, and
ihn! oin oi the imp irlant duties of the
I manufacturer was to gd rid id* un
: necessary applicants for positions wb >
, can ?:?> nothing, and to lind in tn who
have ihe knowledge utid skill licccs*
ary u< keep factories going.
A little Inter ('resident George T.
Winston, of the Agricultural ami Me
chanical College, in ins annual report
lo the Sla'e hoard of agriculture, said
that North Carolina had enough pro*
' fesston i ami literary men and enough
institutions lo ko'< p up the supply; that
(here were at least ttOOO vounu men
; Doing stimulated ivntl indued t" en tor
i some or the piofcssions, while there
were Us- than odd being stimulated
mi 1 tra noil by education lor industrial
I die, although the people wore begin
oiii.' to realize tin necessity of Indus
I dial education, and more ihm 100 of
the atlUh ins of the college were sh >w
ing thcii sincerity and their d< sin- by
applyiug i'? their college cxpei ses
an ncy oarned in farin labor, *t< ck
l'? i .in g, induing, gardening, carpen
try, machine work, bell-ringing, jani
tor's work and dining-room services.
Am ill the same time President lb II ry
s. Hort/.og, of Clniusou College in
so nil Caroliun, was speaking at Edge
Held ol tin" openings iu the Soulb of
ines tor the employinenl of skilled
I and technical training, lie said that
he had told his graduating class not lo
expect too much of education, by
I with h be mount education without
skill; that some people imagine that
?"tm out eould lake the pill of educa
te ii at night und wake up in the morn
ing a^ President of the United States.
These words of nu n who know the
trend of affairs were supplemented
strongly in the letter of President
Stuyvesaul Fish, of the Illinois Con
trol l tail road, lo^Chanecllor Fulton, of
I the University of Mississippi, in which
I he wrote:
? I nsli ad td overstocking the h at nod
professions, turn your well-trained
I minds to the devolopmonl of the vast
luter.t resouiccs of you own favored
! land. Ill ing lo benr upon commercial,
manufacturing ami what nro now
called business pillfllilS 'he wealth of
inherited ami acquired intellectual
capacity with which il has plotised Cod
lo endow you. Do nut w rap your talent
in a napkin ami bury il in the ground
of sloth ami idle eon ten tun ui."
Such advice is horn ol th" wish to
see the Smith measure mi to its capa
bilities, and lo soo the young men of
I the. South share in the great benefits
i Mowing therefrom. There has been
too much attention given lo the mere
|i ofobsional schools. The professions
an overstocked. Without the material
wealth resulting from a development
of natural resources and the expansion
of manufacturing industries and trade
consequent I hereupon, progressive
? verstocking of the professions can re
suh only in progressive poverty for
tin it followers. The Industrial and
agricultural schools should therefore
receive stronger support. There is a
piomisc that this will he given. May
it he quickly fulfilled.
" i have used Aycr's Hair Vigor
for a great many years, and al
though I mn past eighty years of
age, yet I have not a gray hair in
Geo. Yellott, Towson, Md.
Wc mean all that rich,
dark color your hair used
to have. If it's gray now,
no matter; for Aycr's
Hair Vigor always re
stores color to gray hair.
Sometin.es it makes the
hair grow very heavy and
long; and it stops falling
of the hair, loo.
SI.00 o bollle. All drujctMi.
it your ?irii(rKi?t cannot supply you,
send ll fl oiii' dollar mill WO will cxproKH
you ii bottlo. 11? Buronnd bIvo tho namo
of your noarcni pxprossoflloo, Address,
J, c. a \ rat CO., Lowell, Man?.
Presbyterian College of South Carolina.
NextHoeslon opens Sept. frt, looi, Bpooial rates to boarding students, Limited num
her can he acoomodated in Dormitory. $10000 will pay for hoard room-rent, matri
culation, and tuition) for (Jollouiate year. Vlxo professors und one Instructor In faoul*
iv. Moral inlluonces Rood, Courses of study loading to dsgroesof H.A. and M, A.
Pine Uommorolai Course. Write for catalogue or information of any kind to
A. E. SPENCER^Clinton, S. U.
Jwnys Bought* nnd which has been
..? <?? 130 : . :u s, has hovtio the signature Of
. hi hn s boonmadeundov his per
sonal >:.i>(.>1 ? i -ion since its infancy.
A How no one todccolvo you in this.
:?? . s ij.;:.iti >nh mid '?Juat-ns-gfoocl" nro but
Sc will? and endanger the henltli or*
?vncriciice against Experiment.
nilesM substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
u\ Soothing Syrups, It is Plonsntit. It
? ? Opittu iUorphino uov other Nu'.'COtlO
? o is guarantee. It destroys Worms
. : hut *. K eures Diarrhoen uml Wlud
ton Toe hing' Troubles, cures Constipation
? . . % t ji inilatcs the food, regulates tho
towels, p.iving healthy and natural sleep.
Panucc; Tlic Mother'** Friend.
lii'O MM iOil ile.
6n Use For Over 30 Years.
1 I . CCNTAUn COMPANY, 7T MUI
-.TflLCT. NIW YORK C I TV.
The practical .u<!" of BCtCllCO is reflected in
A monllily publication of inestimable value to the student of every day
scientific, problems, the mechanic, tho industrial expert, tho manufacturer,
the inventor ? in fact, to every wide-awake person who hopes to bettor his
condition by using Iiis brains. The inventor, especially, will find in The
Patent Record a guide, philosopher and friend. Nothing of importance
esoapes tho vigilant eves of its cu ps of expert editors. Everything *g pre
BOntcd in clean, concise fashion, so that the busiest may take time to read
and comprehend. Tho scientific and industrial progress of the ago is accur
ately mirrored in the columns of The Patent Record, and it is the only
publication in tho country that prints tho official news of tho U, S. Patent
Oilico and tho latest dovclopcmcnts in the field of invention without fear
or favor. sunsjcuiPTiON run e onb not.i.au it.ji vbar.
THE PATENT RECORD. Baltimore, Md.
Superintendent MeMnl.an has r
ccivcd ii request from the general su
perintendent of education i>> appoint
the teachers from this Slate l<> work in
the Philippines. Tho appointments
are to bo mode it" possible on <?r be Ion
the l?th instant. Transports are t"
lonvo San Francisco on the 2'hl with
many teachers Irom nil over tin- coun
try who are to be sen! to all lite Phil
ippine provinces by the government lo
manage tho schools. Superintendent
McMaha i dcsb'es those who wish the
position to apply lo him al once. The
requirement is thai teachers so -< nl
out shall be either normal or college
graduates, and it is also required that
they shall he ill good health to stand
the tropical climate Experienced
teachers are wanted. The salary is
$1200 per year.
The record was broken tho past week
in the s;de of unoccupied am s in Ne
braska, Wyoming and K o . . . Over
50,000 acres wore disposed of, the
largest amount in any OUC week ill the
history <>i' llio land department.
Honrs tho /p NW K ll V : Ilavfl JiA?ys BoUgM
OPKK'R AKIt WOIIKK, I II A Col'81V. s. >',
Doors, Bast), Hlhul-i .i Builder's
FLOORING, SIDING, OKI LING A N 1)
INSIDE FINISHING LUMBElt
IN GEORGIA FIN 10,
All <lorreapondoncc given prompt nl
Uharleston and Western (Jarolina R, l\
AUOVHTA am) Asiikvii.i.k Shout Link
In offcet May 2(1 11*01.
tiV Augusta.I" o - a lit) |i
Ar Oroonwooil.".... U l ? p .
" AlulelSi,ii. . . 7 I i i
" Laurens . i .'??> p
ttreenvlllo.... . 'A 26 p
" Glenn Springs. I Pi p
" Spartan hurx. ii 20 p
* Sulm'a. . ?> :;s p
" llcndernonvtllfl. a 11 p
" Ashrvillt.. V |f, p
Lv AsllSVlllO. 7 05 a
" Hendursouvilie. . .s o.> ?
? flat Itoek. . si.. ?
" Sahnt?. s ;>?? H
" l'ryoii. .... !i l.'j a
" Bpartanharg.. I'j lo |
" Ulonn Springs.. .i .. n on
" Greenville. i. 16 p
" bhi.rons. . eu p
Ainu rsini. 7 2? 8
" ii: enwoOil. 2 Ali p
Ar A ilvico.!..' i p
I/v AngiiHta. ?
" VeniH8BB0 ?<?<
" savaunuli . ?. ? ?
" Charleston ... .
I'ort Koyal . ft ?
It' unfurl.... .
Yatnaafoo ? ? ? ? . 0 40 a
Fairfax ?... ?. ?. 7 41 >.
Allondatc. < ftsj n
Ar AugUAta. li> 00 it
(Hone connection at Uroenwootl for all
points on S. A. \i. a tit I C. & t.. Itallwky
and lit spartnuliurg with Southern Rull
Por any information fulatlvo to ticket*
rutt'h, HCllOtlulltfl, ?'li' , iiililr.-n
VV. J. Ckahi. lien. Hann A-j 1 1
K M. North, Hoi. Art. Augo t ?. 11 ?
Double Daily Service
CAPITAL CITY UOl! I I'..
s! ortcsl line bet ween all principal cities
ortli, Kast,South mid West,
rncipialleri Schedules to Pan-American
;tpogiti'>u ai Ruffalo.
BcilKlM Iks .\ Kri'KCT May 20, 1001,
r< ok iii i t)TN ii.
. /Savannah, Central T.
t 'olumbia Kaslern l\
\r I Ironic! .
Lv Cailioun Kails.
< i recuwooi I.
Cntav i>:i .1 unction.. ?.
Ar II am lot.
I.\ Hamlet .
Ar t nlcitth.
. i 34 am
7 1. on
. 7 main
. 1 UOpm
1 3 tpm
. JO I pin
. .! ?ftpm
. 3 4?pm
. t 10pm
. i ..11111
. '. lopm
?AI. ATI.AM \ TO CLINTON.
."> 17 a in
10 mit re
1 Jin 111
CalllOllll Kalls. II 471U11
Abbeville.... .I.' 22pm
(trconwood. 12 40pm
Clinton. I '"piii
BOOTH DO UNO.
No .'. i.
, 7 ISattt
. !? . ? .im
. !? mam
, 11 otiam
Lv < licraw, Kastorn I..
Columbia, Central I"
\r Savannah. I 47ptn
Jacksonville. tl lOpm
Tampn. ? ? . 0 1 lam
Lv Catawbn. Kastern T U45am
t lintoti .
Calhoun Falls. l 16pm
A r Athens .?- lOpm
A tlaillM. I .Vipm
I 1 Mam
l i 20am
. 11 37am
. 12 2Jpm
11 i - pin
I 18 Mil
Li.. \ i
lino's to at i. v.st a.
Lv ciintiui_ . 2 10pm
t i rCOIlVVOOd,. 3 e.'ipm
\ bllOVillO . . 3 o'Iplll
Unlhoun Kit I ip.4 It pin
Ar Alheim...? .? 13pm
No. i:u connoets ai Washington with the
Pennsylvania Kailway ItntTalo Kxnruss,
ai riving llu ll alo 7 3? :? m.
('olumbia, Ncwberry A I.aureus hail
wa> tiain No. f>2,leavingColumbia, l iiiou
l a; ion. al 11.23 n in dally, connucls at Clin*
i"ii with S A L Ky No M. affording short
est und quickest routo by several hours lo
Atlanta,! hnttanooga, Nashville, 8t? Louis,
i hh aim ail?I all points West.
i lose ronnoction ai l'otorehurg, Hieb
rewind, Washington, 1'orismouth-Nnrfolk,
< luuiliin, Savrnnnh, .lacksonvlllo ami
Allan a with d! i oiging lines.
Magnillconl vestibule irhlna carrying
im ? inh i .olmaii sleeping cars botwoeu
all pun' ipal points.
l-'of rcduoi il rales, I'ulbnan reiervalions,
Otc, api.lv to
Wm Iii ri.r.ii, .in. I). I*. A.,8avannah,(lA,
<. Mi I'. it \ 11 Ki T. I'. A., Columbia, s. c.
.1 M. IIa an. Ist. V. I*. am? (i M., It K b
Iti n< u,<l r A, Portsmouth, \'a.
^, tw; ?v .SCHOOL' SHORTHAND
?S?iSLSV/!^^>\<*AUGVSTM Go. !
^ciici}) Board >/" situations sicured.
MONEY TO LOAN
On fnrmh'g lfincb. ra?v n&ymontt. No
cominietloni charged, borrower pays ac
tual < i'Pl of perfecting loan. Iuferest 7 i>er
oont. up, according io tiecuritv.
jNO. It. I'Al.MKK A BON
( filiin bid, H C,
POSITIONS! positions!! NO OBJ ROT,
Morooalis tintii wo can i?>.\ an. Quer*
Hill? col i . .:?,:: , i..I.-k, .1 l.> t .'? ?I. OuirHOH
unoxcollcd? Rillet any tlmo putal?ftuo f roo
Address, COLUMBIA tiuaiNfcSS OULLBUB
coi.omuia. 8, O