Newspaper Page Text
STORIES ABOUT_ AN OLD TRAGEDY.
Trial and Conviction of Wm. L. Yancey
Conflicting fclattmenls That Arc Not Surprising
Newspaper cui respondents uro reviv
ing the most noted tragedy of Green
vilU; in its earlier days, and circum
stauliai accounts arc given In which
thoro are evident errors and eon dieting
statements, hut which aie entirely ?x
cusablc owing n> the fact lhai iliese
correspondents arc writing from the
memory of others. The killing of Dr.
Itobiuson K irlo sixty-three year''ago
might have been forgotl n or at least
very dimly remembered even InGrceu
ville were it not that he belonged n>
an illustrious family, whose descend
anis arc very numerous in the com
munity, und that his slayer was Wil
liam L, i.'ancey, who became a famous
leader in the secession movement of
1800, mole than twenty years alter the
unfortunate encounter winch ended
Dr. liarle's hie ami which doubtless
embittered Mr. Vnncey's existence
long afterwards. Mr. Yancey's promi
nence as a lawyer and politician in
Alabama never diminished the noto
riety of this sud tragedy, and in fact
only added to the perpetuity of the
story in succeeding years.
A coi respondent of the Itiruihighnin
Ayc-llcridd, who made a visit i<?
Greenville not long ago, lias given the
following ace tint of the liugcdy :
?? There mill stands in Main slrr.ol,
Greenville, s. ('., Hie uneienl red brick
court house of tireenvillc County, hi
which iho iniinottnl Williuiu "... Vancey
was tried, convicted and sentenced for
tlio manslaughter of Itohertsou Kurie,
then the hend of the famous Karle fam
ily of South Carolina. That occurred
about llfty years ngo, though I forget
the exact date, and I haven'! got 1 >u
IJose's ? Life of Vancey ' within reach
at the moment," said a traveler last
" While. I was in Greenville recently,
a member of the Karle family, a learn
ed young lawy r modestly proud of his
illustrious race, related 10 me what I
accepted as a family versiou of that fa
mous tragedy, ami lie said it had never
boon in pr.nl As the story ran, Van
cey, dun a practicing lawyer, was at
that time a taciturn but soincwh.u high*
tempered ami impetuous man when
Ill'OUsed, and was easily aroused al all
limes. His f iend Kurlc's son, a young |
hoy, one day offered Yalicey very of
fensive rudeness in the public street, '
and Vancey thoughtlessly struck tin:
boy a mild blow.
11 In a moment Vancey regretted tin
act, though feeling ibal he had just
cause lor it, ami he sought Karle and
told him the circumstances, saying thai
he was greatly provoked. His sense oi
propriety, he said, required him to seek
I lie falber of the boy and tell him the
bioty in person.
" Karle answered in friendly spirit,
and said it was all right With him; Ilia1
he could easily understand how bis
son's conduct as related by Vance*,
might provoke a gentleman. Tin- two
men separnteu on most amiable terms.
Thai occurred in the morning.
'? Ai noon Karle went home to his
midday dinner, according to custom
thai prevails still in Greenville, and to
his astonishment he found Mrs. Karle
in a high ?lato of excitement. The
boy bad gone home and lold the mother
nboUl Vancey having StIUck him, and
she was passionately angry. It seems
thai al llrst Karle, suughl to SOOlllC bis
wife, Inn bIic played upon his feelings
and soon got linn wrought up in ailger
against Vancey. Finally his wile de
manded that he should go down town
ami have ii oui with Vancey. He
armed himself and want. Nobody
ever yet doubted Lbc courage of an
?? Karle found Vancey at a famous
tavern within a few paces ol the. COlll I
house, on the site now occupied by
the Grconvillu Duly New- building,
and a violent [juurrcl arose al once.
Almost instantly Vancey drew a pistol
ami shot Kai Ic dead.
?? It was one of the greatest sensa
tions in the history of a Mate fatllOUS
lor sensational tragedies. Vancey was
indicted, tried ami convicted of man
slaughter, and sentenced to a tcim of
imprisonment. After setting out of
bis t.ouhlc he removed to Alabama,
Reitling in the neighborhood of Mont
gomery, ami almost al once began thai
extraordinary career of political activ
ity which more than any other indivi
dual force caused the disastrous war
bei ween I he Slates, the. result of Which
he was not to live to see !
" The old courthouse in Greenville
is a small two story structure of red
brick, ami with its walls lour feel in
thickness it is as substantial now as
it w '8 when buili more ihm a c< nlury
The publication of the foregoing
Slab muni, w hich h i hi en copied in a
large numboi of newspapers, has
brought oul the. following interesting
article from l'rof. IV. A. Dickson, of
Anderson County, who makes an ex
tract from Dul'.ose's history of Win.
Ii, Vancey\s life, whic h may be re
regaided as fairly authentic in giving
the details of the original dilliculty.
Trof. Dickson writes :
Kditors Intelligencer: The story of
the JTancey-Entlo tragedy in Green
vilU'- ninny years ago, winch appeared
in the Birmingham Age Herald recent
ly and which the Intelligencer copied
last weok, does not tally with the ac
e< unt contained in DuBose's ''Lifeand
Times of Wil iani L. Yancey" in scv
eral very Important paiticulars. Du
Dose got his ineis relating tu the bora
icidn and the trial of Yancey from the]
files of TllK GrtKKNVILLK MOUNTAIN*
/.Kit. Beoiamin P, Perry was in
charge of tlie paper at the time, and
he doubtless wrote the accounts from
which DuBoie drew. The record as
it appears in "The Lifo and Times of
I William. I-. Yancey," a highly valuable
'contribution lo the history of the couu
Iry, by the way, may therefore be ac
cepted as authentic.
Yaucoy was scholarly, taleuled, one
of I be linest orators our country has
produced, prolilic as sho has been ol
these, and I believe he was thoroughly
patriotic. He has been much inisrep
icscntcd and consequently much mis
tinduistood. It has been bruited till
the years, the current set in motion by
unfriendly tongues, that i'ancoy ran
off to Alabama immediately after the
tragedy, as il to escape the frowns of
an outraged public, but the facts arc
that he had been a resident of Alabama
for full two years prior to the unfor
Melow is what Mr. DuBose says, and
ttic reader is asked lo compare il with
Hie version which appeared last week.
W A. ?ICKSON.
Broylus, S. C, July 8, Isl?T.
"Mr. Yancoy removed his family and
his slaves to Alabama I he year after his
marriage, spent tl e. winters there in
the oversight of his cotton plantation
ami returned with his family to spend
the summers near Greenville for the
sake ol health.
"It would be unnecessary lo rclato
here with particularity a deplorable ac
cident which befell him, save that, in
the heat of political coutlict in after
ycai'8, bitter speech was made and
much error was written of it. Early
in September, 18I18, he rode to the
inusut of a Luilllin company twelve
mill s from OrCCUVillo, where, al ter the
military exorcises, it was expeeted a
(lobato Would he held between General
Waddy Thompson ami .Judge Joseph
N. Whitncr, candidates for the lower
House of Congress. After the debate
ended gentlemen, in coteries, standing
on the ground discussed the prospects
of tin' citudidatos. Vancey'a remarks
so displeased a youth of seventeen, a
liophow Of General Thompson, and a
cousin <d' Mis. Yancey, Klias Kaile.
that he replied hi a rude speech, lor
which offence. Yancey boxed his face.
Elms returned the single blow with
' one or more strokes of his riding whip.
' Bystanders at once stopped thu da 111
CUlty. blias became pacillod and Yan
cey then spoke to him kindly, advising
him lo tell his uncle what had been
said, adding: 'I did not intend to
!l;hl you, Klias, bin only to chastise
your impudence ; I would rather give
you Salvador (a favorite saddle horse)
than to have a per-onal difficulty with
you.' l>r. llobiuson M. Barlo, father
of Klias, and uncle of Mrs. Y.iiiccy,
several days after the OCCUiruUCO, and
after ho had assured Yancey that if his
son had acted with spirit in the affair
he was content, attacked Yancey on
ihc porch of a store at Greenville with
a section of the handle of a grain cra
dle as a weapon. Yancey, at the out
set, began to retreat, step by Step, still
facing his antagonist ami warning him
repeatedly, as if reluctant to defend
himself by the use of the weapon he
carried. His bat had been knocked
off, his shirt, bosom torn open and he
had been forced lo the extreme edge
of the porch, some two or three feet
above the ground. lie then lired and
mortally wounded his antagonist in the
l< ft side Dr. Karle was six feet high
and we lulled two hundred pounds, and
declared oil ihc spot, 'Had Yancey not
tired I would have easily whipped
"The case was put on trial at the
term ot the circuit court at Greenville.
The jioy brought in a verdict of man
slaughter During the seventeen con
SOCUtlve hours in which the trial pro
grossed the prisoner retained perfect re
pose, neither elated when the evidence
was in his favor nor cast down when il
appeared lo g > against loin. The uni
versal lo&liinony was that Yancey had
never before; been in any personal dilli
culty in Greenville ; that he was uni
formly polite and quiet ; that he had a
very high sense of personal honor ;
that he ha.l not provoked the trouble
with Dr. Karle ; ilia tin. knife and
bludgeon thai Barle carried when the
attack was made were 111 the hands of
jibe deceased threateningly presented
j when the shot Was tired from Yancey's
??October 2t>, following, the prisoner
was brought hefor'j the court, Josiah
.1. Evans presiding, for sentence. The
Judge said the crowded slate of the
house indicated an unusual interest in
the duty before him, and he would de
part from Ins ordinary rule of brevity
in such cases to explain his mind. The
prisoner's deportment, he said, since
the affray on the muster ground up to
j ihc moment of lliO difficulty with Dr.
I Karle, was such as was to he expected
I from one in his station ot life. No one
I COllld believe th.it he had gone to that
, piazza with any hostile feeling toward
Dr. Kaile, or that he carried there the
pistol that was in his bosom for the
purpose of shooting the. unfortunate!
deceased. The court could impute lo
him no moral guilt. What happened
i hero seemed lo be entirely accidental
ami to he. attributed lo the angry and
i xeited deportment of Dr Karle. The
Judge explained I Hither that Mr. Y'an
C :y seemed to have worn his pistol in
Greenville because of habit acquired in
carrying il while, passing through the
Indian country of the Wesl. In con
sideration of this practice the couri had
made up its judgment. The sentence
j was $1,500 fine and twelve mouths
Imprisonment in jail.
"Governor Patrick Noble remitted
two-thirds of the line, and released the
prisoner. Mr. Vancey then returned
with Iiis family to Alabama."
Maj. Perry was not only the editor
of The Mountaineer when Yancoy
became involved in this trouble with
bis wife's uncle, Dr. Karle, but bo was
also one of the counsel for the. defend
ant, witli whom he was on intimate
terms, and he has left on record Iiis
testimony as to the character and dis
position of his client, and givon a
statement of the circumstances under
which the fatal dilliculty took place(
In his "KomiulBccnccsof Public Mod,"
which was published only a few years
before Iiis death, Uov. Perry has nn
interesting sketch of William I.. Van
cey, from which we make the follow*
ing extract :
Mr. Vancey read law in niv ollicc
two or three years, and we were for a
much longer period on terms of meat
intimacy. I knew hitU well and loved
him most affectionately. He had many
tare and uoblo qualities ot both head
ami heart. Ho was full of genius and ,
talent, und endowed with high gifts of
oratory. In disposition he was kind
and affectionate, warm und m?ni?rnim
and devoted to 'us friends. He was a
very handsome young man, with a
bright, ohcorfui face, ever inspiring
confidence and good fooling. II? was
lallen- under ordinary height and well
proportioned, with great activity and
strength. His manners wen: not only
pleasing and polished, but really fasci
nating, and no one. could be in com
puny with him without feeling kindly
towards him ; but with all his talents,
at tractions and brilliancy, he was not
a man of wisdom, or judgment, or sta
bilily of character. lie had strong
feelings and impulses, which generally
controlled his action and judgment.
He was a man of high spirit ami daunt ?
less courage. His impulses and his
passion involved him in a great many
diHicul'.ies of a very serious: character.
I remember, on one occasion, whilst
be was reading law with me, having to
rush between bun and Thomas P.
daiitl to prevent their bring oil each
other. They had commenced a politi
cal discussion, which did not continue ,
long before they drew their pistols,
and but for the interference of myself
and others, would have exchanged shots
in the street I In a quarrel with Dr.
Karle, the uncle of his wife, ho drew
Ins pistol ami shot him. The doctor
died in a lew hours. Vancey was tried ;
and convicted of manslaimhler.
In this affair, however, lie <liil what
few men of spirit might not have (lotlO
under Iho circumstances. Tho dny
previous he hud had a difficulty With
Dr. Karle's son, who was quite ;i lad.
Vancey sought the doctor and explain
ed lo him the dilltculty with his son,
Who seemed to he perfectly satisfied.
The next day he was inquiring for
Yancey with a bludgeon in bin bunds,
Yancey went up to him in perfect good
humor ami anticipated no difficulty.
He gave Yancey the iie and diew his
slick. Immediately Yancey drew his
pistol, and presenting il, told the doc
tor 1?) "lake it hack or take a shot.''
Dr. Kalle rushed towards him and
Yancey's pistol lired ! Hut Yancey
assured me, confidentially, that il was
not his purpose to lire the pistol, and
that he did lire it involuntarily under
the excitement. He afterwards made
nflidavit lo this (act, and I have never
for a moment doubted the truth of the
assertion. He was defended by Judge
Wardlaw, Mr. Hurt and myself. His
Sentence was line and imprisonment,
which Governor Noble pardoned in a
FROM A BACHELOR'S VIIvW.
No old maid over 40 can show a
strange plumber over the house with
out giving bim her opinion on love,
religion and the Filipinos.
When a woman thinks that a man is
going lo kiss her against her will she
generally diesses herself with two
papers of pins less than usual.
On a real hot day cupid seems to
lock himself in a rcfrigator.
There's no woman who won't be
lieve sonic part ol llattory; a man be
lieves it all.
Children keep cooler than grown-up
people, because they keep thinking
about something else.
If the best child could only look as
innocent as the worst woman, nobody
would ever know wdio ought to gel the
The ot.ly difference between the mail
who thinks women can't fool him and
the man who knows they can, is thai
he gels, fooled a little oflcner.
When a woman is very positive she
is never certain.
The longer a man lives the more he
has to live for and the more he has lo
When a man gets married there is at
least one woman that he loses all his
Tho average man would rather have
his wife act like the devil ami look like
an angel than lo act like, an angel and
to look like Ihc devil.
Il always seems like a miracle loa
man the way a woman will manage a
lug hat, a long skirl, a bun lie and her
religion in a high wind.
A woman is " sweetly reasonable "
when she is reasonably sweet.
Kov. you neighbor and do good to
them lliiit tell your wile what their
husbands have lold them about you.
When Kve bit into the omde she
probably told the snake that sue was
tired of forever taking her husband's
As far as appearances go, a woman
will act more eoinfortahh while her
heart is bleeding than she iloci when
she hiiH a hang?uail.
The first two months the man would
take Ihc baby up in the garret and hid*
it if he. thought Ins wife or the muse
wouldn't catch him at il.
The man is never old who, the
longer he lives, lives iho more.
Women are such n puzzle to men hc?
c .use thoy are so much of a puzzle lo
There is a certain way a girl fixes ?
lamp when a man is coming to call on
her which she calls " just enoUfftl lit."
It nuikcH a girl awfully mad to CCticIl
herself yawning and realizes that shti
has caught it from a man lltat Bhe just
When a man hates another man
1 the worst, it is for the least rOASOO.
when a woman loves a man the host,
it is when nets the loast worthy.? N.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
HI 1,1, A IIP ON Till?; CONVICTS.
lie is Deeply Concerned About
the Increase of Crime and Im
Next in importance to the education,
of the children of the Stute conn s the
careof the convicts, the lunatics and
the tloaf and the blind. These are
charges, fixed charges that rest every
where upon the cili/.OU and taxpayer
and cannot be avoided. A careful
perusal of the last reports of ihc ollicei'S
ol these institutions give US deep con
cern, for their inmates arc iucrcasiug
faster than population and tins iucrcasc
indicates a growing degeneracy in
mental, physical or moral condition Oi
our people. These reports give much
interesting matter lor there is hurdle
a Stale in tlu Union whore similar in
stitutions arc *<> ably and faithfully
i Ulcered. Wo arc especially fortunate
in having such a capable ami ex
perienced man as Dr. Powell at the
head of our sanitarium. The appre
hension is that when hi; dies wo can
not till his plat e for WO cannot Qud a
man who has bulb his ability and his
long oxperience. The saint: can he
I said of I'rolt ssor Connor, in charge
of the school for the that. These two
arc veterans in tin: service ami have
by their long and faithful WOI'k allayed
all public anxiety about those instilu
ll.it. why should so many more
children he horn deaf ami dumb than
formerly, ami why should so many
more people become insane'.' Only a
lew years ago Professor Connor re
ported III"), and now be has 215 in
charge. Do folks keep on niarrsing
theil cousins und will tin: law keep oil
allowing it? As to the sanitarium, I
there seems to he mi limit, nodiiuinu
lioti of the rapid increase ami as fast |
as more room is provided more still is
Dr. Powell sports that on October
1, MOO, there wert: 1.7011 whites ami
742 colored on baud, ami the new ap
plications now average, about six per
llay, Of course :i any die and it is a
Comfort to know that many recover
llieir reason and are discll igcd. Two
hundred ami liflynino whites ami
ninety-four negroes were discharged
last year. One hundred and lifty-six
whites ami 180 negioes died. The
doctor gives pleasant and easy employ
meal to all who can and art: willi ig to
work, lie is a philosopher of my
own kind for be says he. has found
Unit vvoik, manual labor, is more con
ducive .o icsloration and contentment
than any other medicine. Ciardcning,
sewing, washing, canning fruits, etc.,
is dune on a large st ale. Much more
of this is dom: than formerly ami the
report shows an immense business,
.lust think til last year's work -1,000
aprons, 2,000 bodticks, '3,000 chemises,
1 siio calico drcss.es, 700 homespun
dresses, 4,700 pair drawers, 4,500 pil
low cases. ?,(iiiii pair pants, 3,8U0,shirts,
1,000 undershirts, ami quilts by the
scoie cra/.y (piills 1 suppose making
a total of over 011,(1(10 articles made, by
crazy women. Good gracious, what
an industrious female family the
doctor has 'jot. In ibis way In: has
greatly reduced the cost of main
tenance ami b rough I down the per
capita lo si 17. Mm on the other baud,
he has to be continually repairing or
replacing something, for he says ?> in
sanity means destruction and that the
tendency oi a i.. m iutuber of patients
is lo destroy furniture, crockery, beti
ding, clothing, lights, sash ami some
tunes tearing their rooms lo pieces."
><>w just imagine what an nrmv of
lunatics we have. Cartcrsvillo is (pule
a large little country town of '1.000
people, but three-fourths ol them are
children under ago. We have only
Hboul Sou grown-up people who are lit
lo lie lunatics, bin here al the sau ba
rium arc three nines as many, ami the
number increasing every year.
But the report of the prison commis
sion gives us most anxiety, for thai
Concerns crime ami involves the safety
el our people. Com tilt lawless who
fear not God nor regard man. Tin:
maintenance of the sanitarium costs
the S alt 8275,000 annually, bill there,
is tine good Illing,, ami only one about
the convicts, They cost the. Stale,
nothing altei the trial, but on the con
trary tins bring in a considerable rev
enue, and under tin: IIOW system I Ins
revenue is rapid!) increasing. General
Evans, Mr ICnson and Mr. Turner In
augurated this system only two years
ago and it has already proved a siunal
success. The State now has the abso
lute control of all .Is convicts and lias
purchased a large farm near Millcdge
Villo, Whore the old men ami the boys
and all the. women arc kept. Untier
the skilful management of Mr. Poster
ibe farm paid well the llrsl year, ami
the convicts art: nearly as happy as
liny were in old slavery times. Most
of the aide bodied convicts arc leased
lo fanners at good ptiecs, but the
Slate provides guards ami medical at
Here is another army of J,"?00 to
look alter, but these are not all.
There are 'J,:5?0 more al work in the.
county chningangs, making a total of
l,0o0, id whom 8?8 arc White, ten arc
white women and 21? are negro wo
Of the State convic's for felony 007
are guilty of murder or matislaughl r,
?il."> for burglary or r bb r> or larceny,
?I'M for the usua crime. The rest are
for most any other crime in the cata
logue. M?sl of them were laborers,
hut 1 note that twenty-seven did uoill
ing and eighteen wen: preachers.
muoiy per ccni 01 tue negroes mo he-1
twoeu the ngca of fifteen ami forty,
and knew nothing of shivery. Only
one per i'.i nt are lite old SlnVOS who
are over sixty years old, Two hundred
and forty-four of them are Buying a
second term. Thir y are serving a
ihild term and a f> w a fourth and
fifth term. They BCOin to I'kn it. One
thousand and twenty of these convicts
are from throocounties -Fulton, Chat
ham, and Bibb. As Thomas Jeffcr
son said, "The influence of cities is
pcstdentinl to good morals." It is I
especially so with mgiocs. The large
n ajorily of tl?e i. u 0 convicts arc
liom the cities a id l.i >e towns.
Twenty years a * > diero wi re 1,100
negro convicts au i oo percent of them
were wholly illiterate, could neither
i cad nor write Now we have 4,300
RHEUMATISM and CATARRH CURED
IN THE SHADOW OF DEATH.
A. Whole Futility CnrfJ.
Mrs. C. H. Kingsbury, who keeps a
miOinery and faney goods store at St.
Louis, Oratiot Co., Mich., aud who is
well known throughout tho country,
I was badly troubled with rheuma
tism, catarrh und neuralgia. I bad
liver complaint and was very bilious. I
Wits in a bad condition; every day I bo
gun to fear that 1 ubould never bo a
well woman; that I should havo to
Settle down into a chronic invalid, and
live In tho shadow of death. I had
JOHNSTON'S SAK3APAH1LLA rec
ommended to mo. I TOOK FOUB
BOTTLES AND IT CURED ME, and
cured my family both. 1 am very glad
that I heard of it. 1 would cheerfully
recommend It to evoi-y one. I havo
tnkeu uannv other kinds of medicine.
I pre.or JOll NSTON'S to all of thorn."
HICUIOAN BKl'tt CO., DatroU. Mlofe.
b\?r Sale by the Lauren a Drug Com
P'iny, Laui*ona, s. C
nogro convicts anil 54 per cent can
read and write. How is that? Does
education lessen crime or increase it?
Mr. Stetson, the Stan- statistician ot
Massachusetts, says it ?? increases
crime not n litlio, but itnmemtelyV'
and he proves it. It certainly does
among the negro race in Georgia.
It is curious to note that we have
two counties in the Slate -White and
Gilmcr?-that have no representative
among the convicts. There are four
Counties Town-', I'ii kens, Hanks and
DnWSOl) -that have hut one each.
There an', three counties-?Union, Mur
ray and ItabllU -that have hut two
each How is that tor good morals in
oiu most Northern mountain counties,
where the school master has not been
abroad in the land to any alarming ex
No, the truth is that education of
itself neither lessens nor increases
crime. It deponds on the moral train
ing that the boy gets either from his
teacher or his parents or his eniiy as
sociates, but it his environments arc
hail his education makes him a more
dangerous citizen, lor it enables him
to cover up and conceal his crime or to
esc; pc from punishment in some way.
It is like throwing pea-Is before swine
to give the vile and vicious an educa
tion, but we can't pick them before
hand ami so all must have a chance.
Hut if I was a lawmaker I would
put some penalties upon had citizens,
upon the idle ami vicious, whether
white or black. We do not allow them
to have their names in the jury box.
They cannot try a man lor crime nor
set in judgment upon his civil rights.
Why should such men he trusted with
the ballot? Why no! let the same
commission that makes up the jury
box also make up the ballot box? if
some good negroes got in and some
had white men were left out it would
be rewarding merit and pulling a
penally upon bad citizens. Alabama
and Virginia have this question before
their Conventions and wo hope they
will c insider it wisely and Live cn
eouragi ment lo good citizens, whether
they be while 01 black. Good conduct
should bo the te~t. Ii is more impor
tant than education or pioperty. Hi t
u?? purge the bullet box just as we do
the jury box. Purge ii once a >tar.
Put such colored men a- Gassctl and
Joe Drown lllld|fribble in and leave all
such while men IIS I'at Hanks out.
Don't shut the ooor forever on good
Mythe wny, I wish somcbo y would
hunt up our conk and send her home.
She is not a 14 sott led 'onnin," and is
jusl gallivanting around till her spell
is olT. I have to uot up before I feel
like it and lite up the stove ami then
call the girls and they gtd a g >od
breakfast in half an hour. Hiscuit
and codec and hominy and fried eggs
ami beef steak art; good, enough for
anybody, hut 1 will have to discharge
our cook ami hire her over again and
leave out the spell privilege.
Iii l.l. A UP.
?- ? ? ? ? mwm
The crop of winter win at, now being
harvested, promises to be a record
breaker. It will be nut only of unpre
cedented quantity, but it will be ad
mirable in quality. The Cincinnati
Price Current gives some interesting
liguros on the crop, and com pares
thom With the record for previous
years. It estimates thai the crop,
with the markt table surplus now on
hand, will am. mil to 770,1*00,000
bushels. The. visible supply in the
United States on dune J'.i was S10,7'.Ki,
(Kin, but tie available stocks at the
leading interior and seaboard markets
east oi the Hookies, on transit from
the West lo the east and on the sea
destined for Great Hritain and the con
tinent on July -1 aggregated 71,081,000
bushels, against 7;\\;.i.V.I,(It 10 a \ear ago,
and i"7,til0,1)1)1) oil duly 3, 1800. Tins
means, of eourso, that the Price Cur
rent's estimate for the 1001 crop is in
excess ol 700,000,000 bushels.
The c liiors of the Outlook give I ho
lute Governor I'm give an unexpectedly
high rating. ,4IIo was charged with
having assailed the rights of propelty,"
they say, "hut no man in our tune has
done morn to give concreto reality t<>
Enuilsen's distinction between good
wealth end bad wealth?between
wealth hat is earned and wealth that
ih merely capitalized extortion. The
Ii Ii which he made, against, the per
|)e nation of unearned dividends on
watered securities will in the end make
safer and Hiircr (bo payment of earned
dividends Upon CUphul actually invest
ed in nny form of industry. All over
tl is country his el niggles have given
c? urage to tho?e wh are. batthnu for
the mniniuuancu Ol the. rights of the
I common people."
No greater economy C< old be prac
ticed on the. farm than the building of
? . . ?MP) > # t -
|CR0I , V ARE GROWING
The United States Produces Nearly
livery Needful Crop that it
Stcrclar) of Agriculture Wilson
predicts the mo>l glowing urn iu his
tory for the agricultural interests of
the country during the new llscal year
which has just begun.
Incidentally Mr. Wilson assorts llud
if the Uuiled Mau- is given a few
mouths more time any or all the for
* ign nations of the world may form a
commercial combination against the
country with impunity, iio say- that
before .Inly I next this eouutry, with
its new possessions, Will he raising
and produciug everything that it uses,
and that if we so elect we can furnish
almost any other nation ou thc-gloho.
"We arc now pushing investigations
and experiments along a meat many
lines,'' .-aid Mr. Wilson in an inter
view. "Our agricultural exports
maintained their position in the llscal
year just closed and computed with
sonic years past increased appreciably.
o One of the principal objec ts whic h
this department has in view i.s to en
able the people, of the United Status to
produce! the agricultural products WO
arc now purchasing from foreign coun
tries. During the year IU00, for in
stance, we bought hall as much a?rri
cuilurul poods Ii? wo sohl; that to
-ay, we sold nbout ,000,000 worth
ami bought about ?420,000,000 worth,
The principal product wu putebnsu
frotu other nations is sugar. This
commodity comprises nearly oue-lourih
of the total of products imported, i he
department in the past has been mak
ing experiments to ascertain in just
what sections of the country sugar can
bo raised lo such advantage as lo
obviate the necessity ol going to
foreign markets lo complete our sup
I ply. We .vant to raise beets, as there
in lies the principal source of the su
gar ptoduct. Within the I'nit :d Stales
there will be over forty beet sugm fac
tories in operation by next fall. Tiny
Will be silualed in almost every Stale
along tin- Northern border, from New
York to California. 1 believe that
within a few years we will pro lin e a.I
the sugar we require and we will then
be in position to ignore the foreign
product. Our experiments have shown
that the sugar produced from out
quality of beet is much lieber than
that manufactured in foreign coun
tries. Our products, thcref re, will bo
much more di!H?rnbln.
'? When tins result shall bo nltniucd
Iho sugar irust will, in my opinion,
vanish, for ihe reason lhal Iho ll'tut
rollnos imported brown sugar, while
.til iho American factories will liuish
the product ami place il in entin
readiness lor sale on Ihe markets.
?? We are now succeeding admirably
in ihe production of tea in ihe United
Status," continued Mr. Wilson. Ii
is only a question of a shorl time when
we will he able to raise ml ihe tea de
manded lor use in ibis country. 'The
two lOUS of tea grown at Suinineiville,
S. C, last year so well sutisltcd tile
New York investors inlerested in the
i idustry that they immediately formed
a syndicate and bought <*>,mm) acres of
land in thi! Male upon which lea will
be grown. 'Phis department last year
sent tea plants to every Gulf Siai< m
the Union from the Carolinas to Cali
fornia for experimental raising. We
have just Ir ani from South Carolina
that imported machinery in use there
is able to make green ten from Hie
black product in one hour. We do not
yet manufacture such machinery in
this country, but wo will got to lltnt
later. Then there is no question con
cerning the availability ol labor when
we get to growing our ten on a large
scale. There is any number of young
puoplu who will seek employment as
pickers of the leaves, as wage- will be
good. We are now importing plants
from China, (Joyion ami .1.1 pan, and we
ptirposo raising the highest grade of
product in ibis country. .
" Three year- ago the department
began consideration ol the subject of
rice cultivation in the United stab s.
Ai lhai lime we produced aboui 25
pei cent of what we consumed, and
when we examined Iho situation wc
found that there was a demand lor a
much heller grade ol the product than
was being grown here. Wc sen! an
expert to Japan to look over the Heid
i> 1 ihn man bmnd just what we were
look in i lor. The result is that next
yeai w? will gro?> an excellent guide
ol net a class, in fact, which will
equal I hoi ol any other nation produc
ing lie g I a III.
"The iiopnrlmci i is just now also
l)Usi engaged in consideration of tl
divci-i "i i ii< n is wliicli urc to bo
promote i > on ,u w possessions. Wo
have foumi u\>. .i investigation thai the
po< p ? " tho now lands need agricul
tural lusiruetlon ami encouragement
This we pioposc lo give lllcin lo the
best oi our ability. Tor instance, we
must bu able 'o pio'luco largo tpiaiili
ties ill bay in tin I'll lippines to feed
the 13,000 horsi -ail mules which the
Uuilcii Stales id now maintaining
thcie. Tin iletuaml for fodilei is far
in UXeeSS I 'In- b 'IHO supply, so that
ii has l e? u I'ouml ii ecssaiy lo import
ihr product. I In ought Hol lo be.
1 '.en is ample opp irltlllity lor laisinu
bay and other food products for horses
and ciiltlc in the I'hhtppiucs, ami steps
a 111 be taken to relieve the situation.
14 Coli i i ? another product which
we are looking afu i'i Our scientists
aic invi >t Lial a. (ti ? eofl'oo outlook in
our hiMilar po - ? ns, and we expeel
10 aci 'lupliah k m thing during this
11 eal year wInch i\ ill greatly encourage
" Several years ago Ibis depart incut
began to collect specimens of rubber.
At present the l ulled Slates buys an
nually #30,000,000 worth of ru her,
but the outlook is that we will now be
able to raise in our new possessions
every bit of the product needed. It
Will be produced in I'oito Kic.o, Hawaii
and the Philippines, ami tin result
will be, that people Using the com
modity will he able lo save many
thousands of dollars in Its purchase.
Then ihcro lathe subject of macaroni
wheats lo he considered. The macaroni
which we have been manufacturing
here in Iho pnsl is nol quho equal to
iho Italian product, hut wo arc. OU
1 the right track, and it will nol bo long
before we will be able t<> pioducc a
grade that will bu superior lo that im?
Makes the food more delicious and wholesome
_HQVAL OAKISQ POttPfR CO., NtW YORK._
ported hum Europe. The semi-arid
regions of our couulry are adapted to
I Ihe growth of macaroni wheat, and all
nt the 10,000,000 pounds, of the pro
duct which we now consume and
which comes mainly from Italy will he
shortly grown upon home ground.
" As for spices, our new possess) >ns
will furnish us with an uhundaut
quantity as soon as wo can get the
machinery of their production in full
'?Another important matter being
considered by the department is the
cross breeding of cottons, which oper
ation, when completed, will rosull in
the establishment of the Hue grade of
the product which wo are mow hound
to import from Egypt. A' out ?5,000,
000 worth of this rellncd commodity
Duds its way here from that region ;
every year, hut after we have (inished I
our i xpcruncutal work in ibis direc
tion we hope to be able lo arrive at a
combination which will produce a class
of cotton goods as acceptable as that
from tiic re?ion of ihn n."ii.>
11 There is no doubt that tins coun
try, within a row months, will hi- in
position lo ignore every other nation
on ihr globe in the matter of food pro
duels. Wo will produce within tun
own domain everything thatgOOS upon
our table ami upon our backs. We
will then be, commercially and in
dustrially, almost independent of the
other nations of the world. Herne,
any trade combination which may be
effected against us will count for noth
ing. Whenever we get ready we can
come pretty m ar starving any other
nation. Therefore, an effective com
bination against us will be an im
it is not certain thai we are so much
wiser than the ancient-', after all.
"Cicero and Virgil and Horace ami all
their compatiiots," savs the New York
Tribune, "east a little light raiment
over their shoulders in hoi weather,
and il Honied in graceful waves. Their
garments were sleeveless and without
starch. They wop. no collars around
their necks, no bauds upon their wrists,
no Blockings and no hat, no close
-boos. Their sandals were open to ah
the winds that blew. And think of
the Roman baths I No other city ever
known was so lavishly supplied with
opportunities for bathing, In even the
most populous of the tenement districts
of tin- Internal City in the times of Au
gust us and oi the later Ctcsars there
was all the water on tap at all limes
which man, woman or child could do
-irc. And no Roman head of a house
hold, however small bis means might
be, was compelled lo eudtirc discom
fort for lack of baths."
Prof. W. H. Lynch, <>f Mountain
tirovo Academy, at Mountain Grove,
Mo . is credited with leading more
pnid-for newspapers than any other
man in the United Stales. He suh
s.ciihcs for 58 newspapers, six of tlicm
dailies. 'Iii- Professor says: ,4I use
ihe newspapers in my classes. The)
are the hesl instrument in the world
for teaching current history and geog
raphy. The real drama of life ill its
varied forms of commercial, political,
and social relations must ho seen ami
1 arned through 'the minor of the
worldthe newspaper. Every Friday1
morning in Iho academy is devoted to
the reading of newspapers."
Mrs. Matthew GilniOUl died sudden
ly, Wednesday night, in Kichniond,\'n.
A Washington Post correspondent
writes : "She was a daughter of the
late Kev. Abraham David Pollock, "I
l ampiier Count)'. During the war.
when a mere girl, she rode alone
through the Federal lines and conveyed
lo Coi, John S. Mosb) the news thai
i he enemy was going lo make an at'tick
upon the Confederates, it tinned out
Unit Ulis timely w.lining saved the
Southern army from defeat, (>n her
mother's side Mrs. Giltnour was de
I scended from the Lees and the Wash
Fifteen Iii.ms,ind acres of wheat J
wove destroyed by lire on the Sth hist,
at (iicat Hoild, Kansas. Tbc lite was
Started hy an unknown man thrown)}!
a lighted cigar into a Hold '?I wheat
stuhblc. Everything was as dry as
tinder and SOOll a destructive tile was
in progress. All residents in the
neighborhood left their work and ex
hausted every known method for Ikdit
| il)g fires hut to no avail, and it wa?
late in the evening before the lire was
under control. Iloughly estimated,
'the loss in wheat will aggregate "100,
(inn hllshels, nearly all of which was in
Jacob S. Hogers, wdio died 8Udde.nlV
from (he effects of heat in New York,
was worth many millions of dollars,
lie made, mosl Of his money building
locomotives at Pntcrson, N. .1. lie
wns over 7n years of age, a bachelor,
with no kin neater than nephews and
nieces. To Iii-? n Inlivcfl In' bequeathed
- .! >n,imii. To I'aterson, wlmro Iii?
money was chiefly made, he left not
one rent, and even (dosed his immense
works, while still prosperous, much to
the detriment of the town.
No trace has yet been found of the
six bags of gold, each containing $5,000
in ?"J(? gold pieces, that were stolen
last week from the ?*. S. mint at San
Francisco. The gold disappeared on
the Uli of July. The thud got a good
haul, and it is peculiar that such a
theft could be made from the mint.
The towns of Hogers, Sprlngdnlc
iiinl Envoitovillo, on the St. Louis tV
San Francisco railroad, alone in l^'OT,
-hipped 1,111 cur lottds of apples,
w hich amounted to nearly #100,000.
Boftn tho Kmd Yen Hayn Always Bou?tit
IN A HUMOROUS \EIN.
Slubb? 1 mot Llarkoi and Bonder
out at ttio races. Herker had on his
loud greon suit.
i'uuu?Did Bender have on any
thing that attracted attention ?
Slubbs? Ves ; he had a jag on.?
'? I .suppose people around here raise
their own vegetables?" ".Sonic do;
others merely plant them." -Puck.
Visitor -What lias become of old
Scruggs, who used lo trade horses all
the time ?
Native Oh, Scraggs ? Didn't you
hear about bun? He's made a for
tune, now, and is so b'atne stuck up
he won't trade for notion' but auty
moblles any more.? Baltimore Ameri
" This potato is only half-done, my
dear," said he crossly.
" Then only eat half of il, my love,"
she replied, affectionately.?Tit-Bits.
" 1 understand," said Mrs. Mala,
prop, " that you've boon building a line
big church in your town."
'? V?s," replied tho visiting clergy
man, " it i?nT very ornate, but there,
is a nave in our church that?"
" Gracious I you dou'i siy so? I
hope he didn't steal very much."?
" He used to be called a bad lot, but
now he's, rich 1 suppose it's different."
Yes, the rise in real estate made a
new man of hin)."?Detroit .Journal.
Johnny (ill the garden) Father !
lather ! look out of the window.
Father (putting out his head) -What
a nuisance you children arc. What do
you want now ?
.Johnny (with a triumphant glance
at his play-fellow)?Tommy Brooks
wouldn't believe you'd got no hair on
the top of youi head. - Til-Mils.
She?-Is your love for me real?
He?How can you doubt it when 1
am down on my knees in my best
trousers ??Fliegende Blaelter.
Wandering Willie?I've seen belter
days. I uster he in sassiety.
Weary Waggles?So ye'vo never
done nuiliin' all yer life??Smart Set.
" 1 weally don't know, Miss Ethel?
at?whethah I shall play golf and make
a fool of myself this season or not,
" Not at all necessary for you to
play golf, Mr. ( huuibioy."?Denver
He?I asked your father's consent
to our engagement by telephone. She
-What was his answer? He?011,110
just said : " 1 don't know who you
arc, but it's all right."?Fun.
" What kind ol monument do you
wish tor your husband ?"
" Well,'' lephcd the widow, don't
want uuthiti loo oxpcnsh c?just sotne
ihin' Hohd that will hold him down." -
" Why on earth, Lucy," exe'uimed
Mrs. Wabash to her friend, 11 did you
ever consent lo marry Mr. Fitzoogcr?"
" Why," replied Lucy, slawly and
apologetically, " 1 thought he'd do to
begin with." ?Detroit I'rce I'ress.
" What a dfcbi we owe to medical
silence," he Bllid, as he put down tho
"(rood heavens!" she exclaimed,
"haven't you paid that doctor's bill
yet ?"?Chicago I'ost.
A little girl read a composition be
fore the. minister. The. subject was
" A Cow." She wove in this con pli
inenlary sentence. ; " A cow is tho
moat useful animal in the world, ex
i ept religion." ? Leslie's Weekly.
" Harry i* so absent-minded. He
went up to dress for a party once, and
went 10 bed instead.'" [I'm ! that
looks to nie like a lino case of presence
Dunwell?I thought when you sold
me this dog you said he was a good
bird d< >g ?
Ike Clodhopper?lie is ; you jes'try
fecdin' him on fried chicken an' see.
? t )hio State Journal,
Can I bring you up some luncheon,
sir?" " What ! Luncheon already.
Why, il doesn't seem more than fifteen
minutes since breakfast came up !"
,1 aggtl'S So he married the widow I
1 thought he had his eye on the daugh
haggles So he had. Hut the widow
had her eye oil him. -Tit-Mils.
He They can photograph tho voice
She -t-loo loess ! 1 hope I'll never
live to sec a picture of the thii gs yOU
say when your collar button drops
down your back.
14 Do you think riches bring happi
ness ?" asked one philosopher.
'? No." answered the other. 14 Mut
lue lack of them often prevents it."
?l Reynolds," said Iho oldor member
ol the linn, " how do you ?pell
? which ?' "
14 W*?h4?C-h," responded tho otber.
*? Thai's whal I thought," rojninod
tho older member, covertly scratching
ii I " out of tllO word be bad WllttCU.
Eternal vigilance Is the price of lib
erty, and there is no prospect of ils
being marked down ?Puck.
I Bearathe /} Iha Kind You Have Always Bought