Newspaper Page Text
Was Much Worse Than War
Carpet RajjR tB From a Southern
Point ot View.
Thomas Nelson 1'age's contribuliou
to tlie fSeptcml er numb' r of th ? At
lantic Mouthlj shares with thai <>i' < \
Qovoruor Chnmbeiiuin,of South Caro
hua, the disticlion of bt ing the most
uotuhle of the Atlantic'- line series oil
" The Reconstruction ?unod."
Chamberlain was hi nisei t one i the
u Reconstruction Governors of South
Carolina, und ?Vits in olliuo when (Jen.
Wade Hampton made the master!}
campaign which testend the State to
the control of its teal people Ciovor
n< r Ubamborlni 1 (a New lv::l.wider.
who had moved lo South (Jt roiiua
aftoi the war, and who has since moved
hack to his old home) was quite a
partisan in those days, Ho toughl
hard on the wrong aide. In Ins article
in the Allan tc he made a clean I irons!
of the whole thing, admitting Ihul In
had been wrong, that llic treatment of
the South during the Itecoustruetiou
period was shameful, and tlt.it the ad
ministration of the carpet-baggers was
as great ail injury to the South as the
war itself had boon.
Mr. Page approaches the subject
from the poi.it of view ol the native
Southerner. He writes 111 a temperate
vein; indeed, his reference to the cat
pci-baggere, while unmistakable in its
import, is no mure scathing than was
Governor Chamborlain's. Alter re
marking that the people outside of the
South before the war had an utterly
mistaken conception of the character
of the Southern planier and slave
owner, imagining him a lazy fellow
who cared for nothing but bis pleas
ures, Mr. i'age observes that the war
had not been in progress nmnj days
before the North and iho rest of the
wot Id was entirely relieved of Ibis
wroug impression. Jltit, as Mr, l'age
says, the strength of the Southern peo
ple was demonstrated more strikingly
in the wretched days after the war
than during the war ilHelf. We quote:
" What the South really was >hc
gave no small proof of during the war;
she gave even stronger prool alter the
war. Without ships; without money;
without machinery that could produce
a knife a blanket, or a tin cup; without
an ally; without even the sympathy of
a single nation ; without knowledge ol
the outside world, or indeed of hor
able and determined opponent, she
withstood to the final grasp the vast
forces thrown against her?enduring
all tilings, hoping all tilings, until she
was not only overthrown, but actually
destroyed. When .Sherman marched
across the South to the sea lie found it
to be an empty shell. At that same
time the campaign from tlie Itapldan
to Appomattox coat Graut 124,000 men
?about two men for every man that
Lee had in his army.
"Hut as notable as wore the intre
pidity of her soldiery in the held and
the Ondutance of her people at home,
they were not equal to the resolution
and courage that her people displayed
in the great ami unrecorded struggle
afterwards. The one was a light of
disciplined armies, With an (nien sky
and a fair held, the oudutance of a
people animated by hope; the olhoi
was a long Mini desperate struggle,
with shackled hands, against a foe that
in the darkness, unknown to the rest
of the world, or with a sort of blind
approval on its part, fastened on its
vitals and slowly 6anped its life blood."
The distinguished writer is sure that
If Mr. Lincoln had lived the country
would have escaped most of the blun
ders and follics|atid ciiniesjof (h j Recon
struction. Whatever may be said of
Lincoln, he hud common sense and ap
plied it to the business of government.
Iii? death let loose upon the Southern
States a horde of fanatics und unprin
cipled schemers, against whom the
forces of conservatism, deprived of
their leader, wore unable to make any
headway, Returning to the impressive
language of Mr. Page:
"The white race were disfranchised
and were not allowed the franchise
again until they hadassontcd to giving
the black race absolute equality in all
matters of civil right. This the leaders
of the other side vainly imagined
would perpetuate Iheir power and for
a time it almost promised to do so.
The result of the new regime thus
established in the South was such a
riot of rapino and rascality as had
never been known in the history of
this country and hardly ever in the his
tory of tho world. It would seem in
credible to any but those who have in
vestigated it for themselves. The States
were given over to pillage at the bands
of former slaves, led hugely by adven
turers whose only aim vuis to gratify
their vengeance or their cupidity. The
measure of their peculation and dam
age, as gauged by ligtues alone, stag
gers heliuf. Unhappily, the credulity
and ignorance of the negroes throw
them into the hands of fliu worst cle
ment among the adventurers who were
vicing to become their leaders. The
man who was bold enough to bid the
highest outstripped the others. Under
the teaching and with the aid of these
leaders the negroes showed signs of
rendering considerable parts of the
Southern States uninhnbitablo by the
whites. Had the latter given the
slightest sign of being cowed or of
yielding they probably would have
been lost forever; but, fortunately for
tho South, they never yielded."
All of Mr. J'ngo'8 article should be
read by those who wish to get a clear,
accurate and good-tempered descrip
tion of the. sufferings of tho Soulh dur
ing t'^c Reconstruction.! Not with bit
ternejs, not with vituliclivcness, should
wc remember these suffoiings; but wi;
t.'.iould remember them, nevertheless.
Wo Bhould remcmlier them in order
that wo may escape ever having to go
through such nn ordeal again. Until
wo have put about the ballot a safe*
guard which will protect it from thoso'
who lack the intelligence and charac
ter which a sullragan should possess
we cannot forget these things without
Two of the m >st famous and proba
bly tho two ablest it< construction
Governors wero Diniel II. Chamber
lain, of .South Carol Ina, and Adalbert
At.ich, of Mississippi. They bnve
given recently very strong testimony
UgaiUSt the scheme Which Ihl V were
cho8ou 11> assist in carry iui; out, atul
which they found t<i bo based upon Buch
fn'sc prinuipies thai its complete failure
was doI surpi ising.
In the Allantie Monthly a few
months ago ox-Govcmoi Chamberlain
set forth thai /.ach u iah Chandler,
Horny L Wilson and the other organi
zors and diii:ct'? - ?.f the Koeoosiruc.
lion uiovonvinl were animated neither
by low. of tho Uniou nor b> a deter
minntiou lo scenic ju dice to Ihe n<"_;i<>,
but by hatred ol ihe while people ol
the South und a dutuimina Ion to huuu
liuto them as much as possible. The j
chief aim of reconstruction w.i^ u to.
put tho hot otu tail on top."
Governor Chamberlain coulunds ]
that tho policy which was directed
against tho South lor sovernl years'
after the war was, from overy p ool of
view, as dtscrcdi able to the stulos
maushii) of Its tuitbors us it \s.t-* lo
their idea* of fairness to helpless j
Kx-Goveruor Ames, while, not so se
vere, upon Thud ?levi ns's cd irio as is
i?j:-G vornor Chamberlain, it quite us
emphatic in his condemnation of rc
consti ucliou n& a complete failure, lie
udmils that lie cume to il u -Jouth !'r >tu
New Euglnud with preconceived ro
linns, which experioneo proved to >e
entirely la I e. lie belu ved that legis
Iniiou could elevate th? nugiu iu politi
cal equality wi'.h the whites. Alter
seeing (hui theory tested aud helpmg
to lest il in: Wtli eouvilK ud that il was
In hl-, reei lit book nil Ili8 11(1 111 ill is
(ration us Governor of Mb l- i??.>t, he
roe.<>rd.> his conviction ihm no political |
parly in tin- country ? Vi r made, a
greater blunder than did the Itopubli-1
can party when it attempted to place ,
the negro on terms of polith ul equality
with the whiti ??.
It is a pay thut in- u like Chum bor
lain and Ami did not . e I he light,
earlier, but it cane to the n finally in
overwhelming force, and their ronun-1
Ciatioil (>f till Ial80ntl(l idot'Hl? theories'
of Reconstruction is creditable even
though late. ;
? ?~ ? . ? . -an.. -
A GOOD ROADS CONFERENCE
Edgcfield County Taking the h>*ad
in a New Reform Movement
A i racticul and delurmincd effort is
being mnde in Kdgoflold to havi n
complete ovcrhutilinu of it- entire toad
system, so as to place it on model and
modern lines. Mr. 11. ('. Middlelon,
in an interview with a reporter of the
Augusta Chronicle, has given the fol
lowing account ol the good roads con
ference which was held recently at
BdgoUeld, and which was a complete
Tlx- mooting was an oxcoodingly in
telligent one, representative * of prob
ably ever) neighborhood in iuu county
being present, and these representa
tives in ihe maii: being the host busi
ness men of their neighborhoods. They
came together on a call purely lot ihn
consideration of radical betterment of
Ihe to.als, and inti'li confidence if-,
the.efoii', now felt, after such a dis
play of interest that something of a
positive character will be done.
The lea ling husini ss people of the
run ay look upon tic matter as one of
business and development. Lands are
aow worth so much. The question is:
what will increase them? Ii is believed
good mads will ?I<? tin- really good
load", roads laid out by cugineors,
With Olli) slight ri-'s in-lead of lulls,
and smooth and hard surfaces.
Prof. Holmes, ol the United Slalos
department of agriculture made an ad-'
divs* of much force at the Kiljcliehl
meeting, and he said he bad been over
Kdgctleld County considerably, buIU
ciontly foi him io say that, he hollqvcd
the roads of the county COllld he rcsur
voyed by a competent road ongineer
and none of them have a grade ot more
than four percent; that is arise, of
more than four feet m one hundred j
anywhere, and this was as steep as any i
road should be. At present the roads ;
are sown with bills of ton, twenty and
thirty per cent grade. Professor1
Hohnes said the entire system ought
to be resurveyed, and by competent en
gineers?it took brains and a lot of
them to properly locate a road S3'siem.
He called attention to such plain en
gineering facts as the heaviest load
that two horses could pull easily on a
level required four more horses to be
hitched to it on sinking a lull using
four feet in a hundred^ ten more horses
On reaching a rise of ten feet in one
bandied, etc., but that this fact was
generally not apparent because teams
were not loaded as they could bo^with
out the hills. He advised constant
working, the use of machinery, the lay
ing of clay over the sand roads and of
sand over clay roads, until Ihe people
wore ready for macadam, lie (lid not
believe in the contract, system. He
advised taxation to build proper roads.
Haying that iu all districts whore good
roads were made-roads approximately
level, hard and smooth, without tuts
at anv season?the people at Ural 00?
jeeted to taxation, but alter the first
work was done, they clamored for the
levying of the tax and continuance of
the. work, lie had never seen a coun
ty or township which taxed itself even
for macadam, though before, complain
ing of being poor, that afterwards re
gretted the expenditure. It costs more
to use. bad roads than it docs to make
good ones, he said.
H Professor Holmes is the State geol
ogist Ol North Carolina, a man of line
scientific attainments, for some time
being also on the lecturers' staff of the
Uniled|Stat08 agricultural department.
His visit was much appreciated and
will do great good.
Congressman Talbort presided over
the meeting, making an earnest plea
for practical action. Senator Ii. II
Tillinan opened the addresses, being
followed by Profi Holmes. Senator
Til i man said it was necessary to en
tirely overhaul the road system of the
count), having resurveyed and re
located. Il was useless to continue, to
work roads that were in the wrong
places, which could not be made good
with any amount of work on account
of the hills and upon which work was
soon washed away. Ho thought a
commutation tax should be lovicd in
stead of road duty and a property lax
imposed, and tho wholo systom put
I upon a cash basis, using hired squads
I which should be kept constantly at
work. He bpuk'i rot* twenty minutes,
urging net ton of the property h< Iders
ami voters ot tbo county to put down
a propt p syalem <>t road?, as it would
decrease the cost of hauling, tucrease
prollts, increase the values ol lands
and largely help to bring prosperity t<?
Oeu. M. C Untier also addressed
the luectiiig, and ?aid he agreed with
Senator Tillinan aud L'rof. Holmes that
what the system of ISdgclleld County
needed most was i?? he restirveyod and
relocated and he had long helu this
opinion, lie could no, In lp thinking
of tins ever} Ihne he rode about, i:
I tug so llppureut how easily bad bills
';ould be avoided. Uo wanted I mio it
county engineer iu every county ill the
St do. lie bad written i> series of
nrtb les in the News and Courier sov oral
v.ears ago, in whicii he undertook toj
show what a great loss the people ofj
the State wore sustaining on account of
bad toads; he had estimated the enatj
oi repairs t<> vohiclcs in vntious eoun? |
tie itt the Slate Oil account of bad I
roads, ami tho liguros were appalling.
J.:;lid COUlvl llOl lliiVO ally great VftlUO
? with iho characier <>t tho roads now
< xi.sling being permitted >o remain
'year after year in the county. He
: favored personally an increase in the
commutation k and levying of a
special propoi 1 lax for mads Good
roads would cost Soinolhiug, but they
! wore worth Iho cost. But whatever
was done should be done und? ras per
fect a system as possible
Genend Butler introduced a resolu
tion, which ho had carefully prepared
hi lore the. meeting, asking the Legis
lature at its next session to pass a bill
lidding the duties ol attention lo Iho
Improvement of the Slate highways to
tin' ulliou of the railroad commission,
making it the "railroad ai.d highway
commission," requiring the creation of
the oillces of the county engineers and
making of returns of the condition of
highways in the various counties.
Tins suggestion of General Butler's
should he met with favor. Massa
chusetts, Now York, New Jersey and
other Northern States have Stale high
way commissions which arc doing!
wonders in the improvement of the
highways of those Stales. Massiv?I
chusdts spends ?(500,000 n year in
| building Bhorl modo) macadam und
other roods in all parts of the State,
uudi i its commission. Wo have had
an era of railroad building that has ab
sorbed the altentiou and energies of
the people for years, but now railroad
buihhug is taking care of itself, and
the people of the entire country are
taking up the matter <>r improving
public highways as they did before Ihu
beginning of railroad building. It is
only within the last live or Ion years
that even the Northern Stales have re
sumed the old-lime attention t<> the
public mads. New Jersey beginning
the work in 1801 and slasaachusotts
making her II rat uppr tprtatlon in 1803.
Mil: Carolina in 1820-30 had a Slab
commissioner ol highways and canals,
and many go ?1 roads wore built.
'* Kx-Govcrnor Sheppard made a
spirited address. He beliovcd in an
lucrcaso of tho commutaltou tax and
b-.vy of a Bpocinl property tax, but that
cur? should bo oxcrclscd uol to make
these t<u) high. Representatives I
Strom, Itainsford and Mayson spoke,
all advocating a reasonable increase of
commutation tax, and proper property
leuy. .Mr. Strom insisted that the
roads should be resurvoyed and relo
cate 1 118 it WatJ the utmost of extrava
ganco to try to make good roads up the
hills, which were always washed to
pieces. Mr. Mayson was for a pro
perty tax io build roads, so that it
W add reach the factory, the bank, the
railroad, the. alien landowner, and all
who would bo bom lltcd by g lod roads;
at present only the individual, no mat
ter How poor he was or how rich, did
all the work of building and keeping
up the toads.
Hon. L, J. Williams, who is chair
man of the State dispensary board of
control, sa'nt ho believed the time
had come to act, and proposed
that a committee composed of iwo
representatives from each town
ship in the county, should meet
aud study all plans of working and
taxation, and recommend the best
method to the people of the. county.
Senator Tilltnan offered an amend
ment to this, which was accepted,
providing for the Immediate organiza
tion of the " lidgcflold Good Roads
Association,n which should have an
executive committee composed, as Mr.
Williams suggested, to immediately
take plans under consideration.
The ICdgcfiold County Good (loads
Association was accordingly organized
amid enthusiasm, Congressman Tal
bert being made president, Hon. I.. J.
Williams ami J. \v. Thurmond vice
presidents, J, II. Cogburn, secretary,
and an executive committee of two
from each township. This committee
a.iu the Officers will meet nl Kdgelield
on sales day in Oclobor and evolve
plans to put GdgCllcId County on tho
high road to prosperity. The members
of the committee declare they arc go
ing to work, and that no one may fear
lagging. Gen. AI. 0. liutlor is a mein
tier of the committee from Meiiwether
township, and the committee through
out is n strong one."
Ambassador OhOAlO is fond of (.oiling
of bow the lato William M. Evarts
replied to an impossible toast at a
Harvard dinner, which be (Choato)
presided over. Instead of risking the
men who were <lown for sne' dies to
respond to IhO regulation ids, Mr.
Choato read olT a question to each
fiom one of the oollego examination
papers, and ihotl called up bis victim.
The (piery which foil to Mr. Evarts
WSJ this: "Why is if that the stomach,
which continually digests food, 1? |
never ilself digested Evarts, in re
sponse, said: "I have attended a good
Tuauy Harvard dinners before this, and
long ago, as a result of my experience
with them, before, setting out from
New York to attend one of these fens's.
1 always divest myself of the coats of
my stomach and hang them up in my
fieari ton ^rf ?fl Klftd You Have Always Bought
KUII, UPON SIS NT] Ml i, ? t
An interesting Piinne of a South
K II bklmonda in Manufacturers' Itoco'd.
"Thai houso," said . ?; Newman,
<>f >,??>?/ Yorx, pointing t? the muusinii
which In- has built in Virginia, ??which
has <? >si me aovoral hundred tin usatid
I oil ars, the fulillluioul of a promise
in i) to my sweetheart. Some yours
ago, aftoi wandering around the. worl I
as i sailoi hoy, then as a male and i<
captain, 1 foil in love with a Virginia
girl ily the way, I s\ is born in IMch?
luond, and ko ii was natural lo llud m,\
sweetlieati in tliat Male. While en*
doavoriug lo peisuadn hei to say 'yes'
I lo'd h'*r lhat if she would become
my wife 1 would some day build foi
her ou the liill on w ilch wo were lb< u
standing llio lineal dwelling in \ i -
(ginin, and one iu keeping with the
maguillcuul v'ow which is afforded bv
thai so.it. She said 'yes,' and, though
she had to wait ten or twelve years, I
have now redeemed mv uromisc."
The story was Interesting enough to
justify lolling u tow things about u
man who from a sailor hoy has roach"
ed I hat degree of prosperity whore ho
can afford u> own as a plaything a
splendid stock farm of 2,000 acres, amt
to Crown its most attractive, hill with
such a costly residence in fullllling a
youthful lover's promise.
Twelve or lifleen years ago the Man
ufacturers' llecord often published let
ter., froiu J. J. Now ma;'., a mining
engineer of Salisbury, N. C, claiming
that low-aradc copper nud gold ores ol
' thai Stale would furnish a woudorfully
prosperous Held tor capital whenever
! men were found willing to invest
1 enough to erect a gto.it Bin I ling plant
(?qu?l to the best in the world, and to
carry ou tboir mining operations on a
'corresponding sc.de of magnitude. I
"Tin- unlimited quantity of low-grtidu
orea which can la-, found horo will
somo day rosull in the crouliou of vusl
".lining und aniolting operations, yio fl
ing a rich harvest to the Stale a-j well
as to the investors," was the htll'dou
of mauy letters, but as no ono bail
over undertaken such a project in
North Carolina, his views w. re regard
ed as loo optimistic by the local peo
ple . They had faith 111 his good in
tentions, but they wore skeptical as io
the correctness of bis judgment on
! Hui \V. (i. Newman had an abiding
! railh in Iiis brother, and a few years
I ago tlio lime eaiue when he was able
' to undertake a mining development in
! North Carolina on the scale s<? long
advocated by Joe Newman. But to
go back to W. 11, Newman.
Iii.rn in Richmond in 1802, he went
I In sea a! Ili'tOOU yeats of age. For
I several years be had the rough life of
I seafaring men, with many varied cx
[ periouces in South Amoiica and other
countries. But with a determination:
to conquer be overcame mutiy ob
BtnclCS, and Was advaneed tO male,'
and then to captain, commanding a
2,000-lon Bhip when he was twenty-1
one years old. Abandoning the sea,!
he settled in Now i'ork in 1888, and'
became an advertising solicitor. Ten
yeais ago be. came to Baltimore with a :
letter of introduction to the writer
from his brother Joo. We. never met
again until n fow days ugo, ivhuu we,
met by chance, and he told the story
of why he. had built his line, home in
Virginia, Ins house being iu sight from !
the Southern Railway train, on which
we were traveling.
"About seven or oighl years ago,"
said Mr. Newman, 'l was successful
in some big speculations in New iTork, !
and 'ben mined my attention to a
North Carolina mining proposition, I
organized the Union Copper Co., with
a capital stoi k ol $3,000,000. 1 he
most thorough examination was in
vited, ami exports coulirmud all Hint
my brother hud claimed, and even;
more. In the. great boom of copper I
Blocks about that time the htoek of the j
Union Company, With a par value of
#10, sold as high as $40, but as it j
would take two years at least to de
velop the. properly before it could
reach a dividend-paying basis, a reac
tion naturally came, and then the slock
went below its intrinsic value. We
have now spent over $1,000,000 upon
development, with all our undeiground
work completed to (i point where we
can get out 'J?0 tons per day for the
next two years from the ore now block
ed out. Our machinery plant is the
best money could buy, and Us capacity
equal to any increased output needed.
Our smeller now running can handle
1(1(1 tons per day, and wo can now see
a clear profit assured of over $1,000
000 a year. This Is what wo have ac
complished, and in doing ibis 1 have
demonstrated that North Carolina of
fors a Hold <d' wonderful nioncy-mak
ing possibilities for mining operations
if carried out on similar 111108."
NoWSpnpOF gossip ranks Mr. Nt w
ninn as sever il times a millionaire, ami
m tins day, when Now York is pro
ducing 80 many greni millionaires, it
is interesting to know that a man from
the South absolutely without any con
nections or aU) backing to aid him has
boon able to push himself into the.
millionaire column, and equally grati
fying that two Southern States?Vit
gluia as the place of bis fulfillment ol
his promise to Ins sweetheart, and
North Carolina as Lho place where, in
memory o? Ins brother, ho is dovolop
ing a vast iinning industry -ans being
benefited by tho investment of ins
Now York-made fortune.
New Orleans shipped last year 40,*
531,413 bushch of grain, against 157,
4 11,063 bushels the year boforo, a gain
of 3,080,400 bushels.
The World's Greatest
Cure for Malaria, x
For all forma of Malarial poison
ing tako Johnion'* Chill and Pevrr
Tonic. A tnlnt of Mnlurliil poison
in.- in yourIiIiknI meAnsmlseryund
'mii in r. iiIoimI medicines can't euro
Malm in I I " ?i ? * 11! 1 i ?. The Blltliloto
for It Is JOHNSON'S TO NIC
dot a hot tin to-day.
Coiti 50 Cento |f |t Ciirr ..
An American Disease.
Dr. S. Wf.ir Mitchell is au
thority for the statement that nerv
?ousncss is the characteristic inai
ady of the American nation, and
statistics show that nerve deaths
number one-fourth of all deaths
recorded, the niorta4ity being main
ly among young people.
QUART DOT TLB
is the grand specific for this great
\>v\ American disease, because it goes
straight to the source of the weak
ness, building up health and
strength by supplying rich, abund
ant loud and pure nlood to the
worn-out tissues, rousing the liver
to activity and regulating all the
organs of the body.
??The Mlrhlna*. Drug Co.," Detroit, Mich.
M LivaretUa Uio femoua Uttla liver pill*. *<c.
Snlu by LI ? i.-urens Drug Com
pany, L>.u ??? u -, S. C
GOLD UARS WITHOUT OWNER
Worth a Quarter of a Million Dol
lars The Mystery Never Cleared
?< The roeeut theft of ?->".<),(. worth
of gold burs I row Ibo mint in San
Francisco and the robbery of over a
ipmrter of a million <>i dollars, also in
gold bars, from the Sclby Smelling
Works, near Sau Francisco, calls lo
mind tlie discovery Ol a large, hut un
known, quantify of gold bars in a
house which was being demolished in
Oakland, jusl UCCl'OSS the hay from San
Francisco," said a Washington corres
" l was engaged in newspaper work
oil itie const, at the tune in Oakland,
in fact, ami l urn couversnuL with the
particulars from personal knowledge,
though tho discovery at the time ? x
cilcd Inn little local inn rest, and so re
markable was a that it was doubted in
some quarters. Subsequently, how
ever, the truth was developed. Tho
gold bars, to an estimated quantity of
$250,000, were actually found, but to
whom thej had originally belonged, or
by whom they were stolon, is still a
mystery. As it happened about leu
yeat a_: ? 1 canuol iccall the names of
the [uirlies with accuracy, though 1
onco knew them, over) iTorl, ol course,
being made at I he tuu<: to keep the.
'lind' a secret.
" A two-story finmc house on Tontli
street, in Oakland, was owned and oo
copied by a family, ihc bead <>i which
tu ihc time m question, and for n great
many years, over twenty, I think, was
an employe in tli San ['"lanciseo mint. '
1 remember the house wull. The old
man died suddenly and the house was
at. in ce sohl by his hens. The. new
ov/ner began tearing it d iwn, intend
ing replacing it with n business utruc
tine, in digging uwiiy the lower walls
a'.i Italian laborer came upon a gold
bur hiioen in the foundations, lie
covered Ihc bar Up with earth ami went
on digging, but Boon unearthed so
many other secreted hats that his Und
was discovered by threoother nu n em
ployed with inn., riu} at ouco en
tered into secret compact to t:oll< et the
burs themselves and inform no one
else, especially the contractor ami the
owner, of the great and unexpected
wealth with which they had so suddenly
!m come p08s< ssed.
14 Tho men were all laboicrs, two he
ilig Itulinns, 1 think. They were suc
cessful in gelling the gold away from
the premises unobserved by others.
The llrst intimation that something of
an UUUSUnl nature had happened to
those four men was that they quit work
for good and made heavy investments
111 leal estate. Their purchases ex
cited suspicion, as they all had been
very poor men. To cut short a Ion.;
.story, however, it. was ascertained that
they had in fact found the gold, and
they were, under legal advice, convert
ing it into oilier property to pn vent
the possible owner from laying claim
lo Ins oi iginal property.
"In this they were, all successful.
In tact, luck appeared lo he. with them.
No one came forward to claim the
hidden treasure lor the very g od rea
son, undoubtedly that the only othoi
person on the lace of the. earth who
icu1 kno.vn of its whereabouts was
dead. One mat. bought a ranch in Die
central pail of the Stale for $70,000.
The. Italian living in Oakland bought
a litic new liouso, furnished ti luxuri
ously, paying 81,000 torn piano, ami
bought his wifo an unlimited quantity
of diamond jewelry.
" Tho old ?d igt-., howe ver, Und stol
en gold brings to its possessor bad
luck in the end proved true, in less
than live years tho ranch owner was
bankrupt, and the ranch reverted to
its originial owners on foreclosure,
The. Italian lost, all of his properly and
re tu i ucd to live in the little cottage in
I North Oakland be had vacated for his
I line house. The only thimr he Ivo
socvcd to remind Inm of tho days of
Iii;- Hooting wealth was a Turkish rug
worth about $1,600, which ho placed
on tho lloor or the cottage, and would
not sell when all else hud gone.
?*Tho third man dissipated all of his
wealth in fast living and gambling and
died a pauper in a hospital in .Seattle.
The career of the fourth man I C in not
recall accurately, but I know that he,
loo, lost all that he had. The ranch
owner, by the way, died a miserable
death alone in a Cabin on the Sncui
mcnto illVOr and was buried by the
town in Ilm pot tot's Held.
H The gold, of course, did no! right*
fully holO'Jg to the man who secreted
it In the walls of the house. It was
stolon from some one, and it if had
been taken by the man who had for
morly owned the house ins heirs put in
no claim for it for the reason that they
knew it did not rightfully belong to
him. M was considered improbable
that Jtiy person other than he had
secreted it, however, as ho had lived
in tho house for many years, had built
it himself, if my recollection is cot
' 4 Since ho had been for so long an
|<ni|m>\i of the iiiitit tin: general iiu
pn ? lOM ; l the time was that he ba<l
' Blolcu tl)(j gold, a hat' ill a time, from
I tlm mint vaults, bringing it home
wh< u ho <|uit worn :n night. While
j tl is explanation v an generally ac
cepted the singular putt ol the mystery
: is that it it were true the government
; m ule no effort to mti down the thief
no;' was any such large shot tilge of
gold h.irs ever discovered and reported
at Um? San Krunetsco mint nor has ii
been reported to this day."?Washing
; ton Kv< uing Slar,
A young clerk in a wholesale house
I has been spending a large portion ?.|
his salary for the last few days buying
I cigars for iriendswlio are "on" to a j
joke thai w i- perpetrated ou him. His
employer engaged a new boy, and soon
j as the boy came to the establishment '
; he was InstrueUd in hie duties by our '
j tj iv: d, w ho liad been promoted lo the 1
I position pf assistant book-keeper and j
given a small ethi c by hilU9olf. About
an hour after the boy started in the
" boss " camo around, aud, seeing him
working, asked ?
"II the assistant buok-rccpor told
you wind to do?"
" Yes, si;,"' was the prompt reply, (
" he lold mo to wake tij> when l saw !
you coming around."?Albany liven
A whilQ minister was conducting re
ligious aoi vices in a colored church in
North Carolina recently. Alter ex
! horling a hit he asked an ol<l colored
? deal Oil In lead in prayer, and, accord
ing to the Uoanoke News, this is tlic
appeal which the brother in black
offered for his brother in white: "O
Lord, gib him do eye oh do eagle dat
he spy mil sin alar olt. Uluo his hands
to do gospel plow. Tie his tongue lo
do lino oh truth. Nail his ear lode
gospel pole. How his" head waj down
between his knees and his knees way
down in soino lonesome, dark and
narrcr valley where pray or is much
wanted to he made. 'Xohll him wid
do kernst no Ho of sulvashutn and s-t
him i'ii lire."
According lo a paper rood in New
York m ihc conference of ho*piln
superintendents, there are nearly '1,000
hospitals in Ihc United Slates, which
give in ihe aggregate about 20,000,000
days "I I ue troatment. As the cost of
a lio pital patient is $1.23 a day, it fol
lows that Hie free treatment given in
hospital* represents an outlay of up
wards of 825,000,000. Mr. Button,
who submitted iheeo llguros, said lhat
the excess of free troatinout meant
poorer hospital buildings and the
gradual pauperization of ihe people,
A machinist in the power plant of
tin- New York and Staten Island Klec
t ie tlompnuy was seated in a (hair,
and while laughing heartily rocked
hack until bis head Struck a live wire
!>\ which lie wa> iuslaully killed.
Death was so instantaneous that bis
features showed Ihe laughing faco after
In- was dead.
A. German olllccr who was arrested
in llultalo l?v tin- uxcllod police will
sue for 8100,000 damages.
Thinks the w ife-, to have Hie wedding ring
slip from the finger. "Something is going
Something is happening. That ring
could li'f.dly be pulled from the finger
when it was nut there n few years ago.
N?>w it slips nil' l>y its own weight. Mow
thin the tiiivti is have grown ! And the
fingers don't grow thin alone. How thin
the face is and how thin the once phi nip
form. Almost unconsciously the wife
has been fading and wasting away. The
strength given to children has never been
regained. Drains which should have been
stopped have been neglected.
Tliat is a common experience with
women, unless some friend has shared
with them tie-Mr-it of the Strengthening
and healing powei of I)r. Pierce'-. Pavorilc
Prescription. it regulates the periods,
diies lite drains which undermine the
strength, heals Inflammation and ulcera
tiotl. anil CtireH female weakness. It makes
the baby's advent practically painless and
give-; Vigor ami vitality to nursing mothers,
s Words cannot tell ho,? grateful i mn foi
your kind twtviCC (Hid good medicine*.," WfltCS
Mrs. John Oookc, of llnMin) ?, Northum lx rlantl
Co., t'ii '.Aiio. MI hnve been in poor health for
four j is lutck nnd this spring got so Imd I
could not do my work, t wi nt lo tlw doctor and
Ik- said I hnd uleeratloii and fulling or I lie
Interim I organs, tail thought I would try your
'I'avotile I 'res. i i j it ion.' I took five hot tics and
three of the 'Ooldeil Medical Discovery ? and
one vial of Dr. pjerct 's Pellet?, and I can safely
sny that I lievct' felt l>< tter in my life."
A [.adles1 Laxative?Dr. Picrcc's Pleas
ant Pellets. One single, small pellet is a
A $50 INVElRTMblfslT
Thai will i>- y $2ff to $100 Uivid- nds
Monthly i? a thorough, practical Busi
ness or Shorthand training at
Stokes' Business College.
Write or eft!! for CatalogUO and full par
?<!i<t KittK street, Charleston. S. r.
MOtV] V TO Lo V \
<>m frtrmii >r land*. Ka*v payments' N?
eon mlflflion> < harped. Morrowor pay* se
? tin er>Bt of p?rfnoting loan In'o'Mi 7 >o
ecu' mi. ixccordlno Inttvnrlly
< i'<:vr>> i Pond ior Catalogue.
'I IONS ! FOiMTIONHII NO OMJROT
\J More ealls Hum we . 101 possibly till. Gunr
* nntooof position*t?nokodbF_WSOtt. ('oimos
ir "M.-llid Kilter mi.'I line. Qftt&IOffUQ f I 00
Add rasa. OOl.UMUlA HURlNKSfl GOTl FOB
CO.'iDMBIA. H. (.
I 1' \ I M v "?M
t'olumbia, 8. O.
The United States Gov
ernment Report shows
Royal Baking Powder to
be stronger, purer and
better than any other.
IN A HUMOROUS \KIN.
Mr. Bridal (nl luncheon:) " Is thin
Ihu best buliu? u you could gel ?"
Mrs. Bridal: "Yes; l'io grocer
showed im; several kind-*, but 1 took
Mr. Bridal; " Did he say this waa
! he best he had V
Mrs. Bridal: "No, but it had the
"How did Stringer get out of serv?'
it.g on the jury?"
" When I ho lawyer asked him if he
' had formed an opinion on the case he
! said no, but he sxpcclod to."?lndian
[ apoliH News.
The editor Of the Collins (Mo.) Ad
I vocnle remarks: " Wo will accept
' wood, corn meal, wheat, Hour, chops,
i chickens, eggs, turkeys, ducks, geese,
I apples, lard, bacon, pork, heel, pars
nips, persimmons and Yuou hides on
" Say, pop," remarked little Willie,
" is corn-raising an infant industry?"
" No, my boy," answered the bead
Of the house.
"Well, what, do they need cribs for?"
Doctor?My dear young lady, you
are drluking imllltu'.cd water, which
swarms With animal organisms. Von
should have ii boiled; lhal will kill
Patient?Well, doctor, I think I'd
Boouoi bo an aquarium ihm a ccmo
Stranger (looking at stale building
at groat exposition)?And tl cost .'r'T?,
000 to put up this iusigniilccul struc
ture ? Von ast inish inc.
Attendant -Oh, dear, no I That was
merely the sum the Slate paid for it. ?
" Genllemou of the jury," asked the
clerk of the court, " have you agreed
upon a verdict ?"
" We have," replied the foreman.
11 The verdict of the jury is that the
lawyers have mixed th s case up so
thai we don't know anything at all
about it "
1 Sill?Don't you think there is more
in anticipation than in realization?
Jill -Well, I believe there is more
satisfaction in tying about the lish than
in catching them, if that's what you
Mrs. Drumin -"That piano-tuner
you sent hero to-day was a most peculiar
Mr. Druinm?" Was he, really ?"
Mrs. Drumin?u \rcs; he admitted
that the piano wasn't very badly in
need of Inning." Philadelphia Press.
Mrs. Shoplcy- -Oh, Ocorge, 1 bouglil
a mal handsome set ol book* to-day on
Iho luslaliuu.nl plan. Ail I have to pay
is ? l ,?0 a month.
Mr. Shoplcy For how many months?
Mrs. Shoploy Dear me ! I forgot
lo ask ! -Washington Capitol.
Rider I'assnips?My hoy writes homo
that your bod Jack a-u't getting along
Very last al college.
Deacon Oldhain?-Don't you believe
what your boy's LoUlli* you, elder.
Jack's goin' through fast enough, He
tuns away ahead of his allowance every
month. -C hicago Kecord-IIorald.
" How did you happen to insure in
that particular company ?" " I con
sulted the wishes of my wife." 14 Of
course; that's very praiseworthy. Bui
-does she know' anything about life
I insurance companies?" Yes. "She in
vestigated and found that this inn ul?
ways issues the prettiest calendars."?
" Willie, how many limes have I
told you not to reach across the .able
for things ?"
'? I don't know, mamma, l lake after
?? What do you mean ?"
11 lie says be never was very good nl
'figures, and I ain't either." -Chicago
" Kxctise me," lu said lo the ap
plicant lor the typewriter's position,
" hm I would like to know your ngo."
'flic young woman looked astonish
" Ma\ 1 a->k what lh.it has lo <!u
with my UlllOSS for tho place?" she in
Nothing," ho promptly answered;
" you BOO, It's my wile that wants l<i
" In that case," said the applicant,
wdi i was pretty as well as young, 14 loll
her I am foi ly-seveu."
" We can tell a circus man a-* tar as
wc can'see him," says the editor ol
The Atchi- ill (Hobe. " lie has a soil
of careless lirthal cannot he mi l ikon
Wc can a o tell imwricd from un
married women; we don't know why.
but we can do it. I'uf one marrio?
woman in a crowd of a hundred git Is.
land We can pick her out. Or ptd out
girl with a crowd of a hundred married
women, ail about the sntllC ago, am
we can pick her out. We'll In 1 on it
Another thins.* we can do. We can
toll the lime at ai.y hour of the day or
night; if we awaken at night, we can
tell cxanlly what lime it is. \Ve don':
know why wo can do it, but we can."
INDUSTRIAL AND G1SN1SRAI,.
A Missourinn lias quit chewing to
bacco lifter forty years of indulgence.
There arc more newspapers publish
ed in Iowa in proportion to the popula
tion than in any other State in the
A wealthy resident of a town in
Miller County, Mo., has selected a site
near his own home and is building for
himself with his own hands an elabo
The United States Rubber Company
has announced its policy for the coin
ing year, and it will continue an un
compromising light against the inde
Thirty Chinamen who have accumu
lated considerable wealth in this coun
try, K it Chicago a few days ago for
China to live and enjoy it.
A memorial of the late Senator
Stephen M. White, of California, in
tin; form of a life size statue, is to be
placed in the courthouse grounds at
Utah, with 280,000 population, has
?20,000,000 invested in wool growing.
S nitli Carolina has nearly live times as
much population, but grows rather
dog hair than wool.
The eucalyptus trees oil the Island
of Tasmania sometimes attain great
I si/". Uno that has boon measured is
3510 feet, high, ami some are said to nt
laiu .1 height of 100 foot.
Norway has in main highways and
Cl'OSS roads about 17,600 miles of
roads, which are kept in repair at a
eost of ?1,600,000 a year, which is dirt
cheap, for her roads are said to be ex
Kniest A. ilamill has boon elected
to the trcasurership of the Chicago Art
Institute, a place held for many years
by Secretary Lyiuau J. Cage, whose
duties at Washington forced him to
ItCV. -lohn SpurgCOU, father of the
late Cbailes II. Spurgoou, recently, on
his nincty-iirst birlhday, laid the
foundation stone of an extension to the
South Norwood Baptist Church, in
Princess Frederick-August of Sax
ony, daughter of the Grand Duke nnd
Duchess of Tuscany, who some day
will he the Queen of Saxony, is taking
a regular course as a trained nurse in
the Lutheran hospital in Dresden.
It is said that the New Hampshire
Historical Society has the original
patent on a process for the use of steam
in propelling boats. It was issued to
Samuel Morcy, March 26, 171)6, and
was signed by Goorgo Washington.
Mrs. Phoebe Hearst, has agreed to
pay till the expenses of a department
ol anthropology at the University of
California, which will he devoted
especially to the study of Indians on
the Pacillc coast. The cost will be
about s"'i?.<i00 a year.
A Denver, Colorado, woman has
>( ni a formidable documonl lo Secre
tary Cage informing him that ?he owns
Ibis country, and wants the treasury
moved from Washington to Denver,
and right quick. She wants to have
it whot'O she can keep a ( loser eye on
it is now thought that the monu
ment for Benjamin Harrison will be in
j the. form of anarch to cost $200,000.
Over 980,000 has already been raised.
The fund for the erection of a Whittle.?
monument which was started only a
wi ck ort wo ago, already amounts to
William A. i'eareell, a Connecticut
fanner, was shot in the left shoulder
sixty-one years ago. On Tuesday the
bullel was removed from his wrist.
He had experienced no pain or incon
venience in 'he meantime, until about
a mouth ago, when his wrist began to
Ti n,lessee has lost a picturesque
character by the death of " Uncle
Allied Jackson, at Nashville, recent
ly. He was the favorite body-servant
of Andrew Jackson and the. last of the
servants ol the Hermitage farm under
its Iii. l owner. " Uncle Alfred " was
ninety six J ears old.
Wolf von bchtorbrand, the dcwb
paper correspondent expelled from
Germany, is in New York. He claims
that the actual cause of Ids expulsion
was uol, as si ited by German ofllcials,
because he bud tried by llogltlmato
means to obtain advance copies of the
now Gorman tariff bill, but because in
two of bis letters the drinking habits
of the Kmperor were described.
A million more farms arc in the
United States today than ten years
ago. This fact is brought out in the
work of the Federal census bureau, de
tailed tlgures soon to follow. These
will show approximately 6,046,000
farms in the United Slates when the
census was (aken last June, compared
with 4,505,000 farms ten years ago.
Compared with earlier decades, re
markable progress has been made in
culling itj? Uncle Sam's prairie bills
and valleys into tillable farms.
I For Infants and Children.
j The Kind You Have Always Bought