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BIM, ARF ON OlVD HI8TO?Y.
He Ooze Back to Julius Caesar
and; Then Touche? Andrew
" To the victor* belong the oilw."
This was au old war maxim of thu
Romans in Julius Caesar's day?and
was akin to that other one, ilvae vioiis,"
woo.unto the couquereu. In 1831,
when General Jackson was sweeping
the Meld and removing from Federal
oQlce every Whig who had been ap
pointed, William L. M.ircy, who was
in the United Mal? s Sonate, defended
him in a gteat speech and promulgated
that maxim, 4* To iho viciors b?.loog
the spoils." Ma/cy was a very bril
liant statesman, but a very bitter par
tisan. He was Governor of New York
throe term*, judge of the supreme
court, secretary of war under l\>lk,
secretary of State under Tierce, and
he used tbis maxim just as far as lie
was allowed to. He detested the Whig
paity and defined au old lino Wh'g to
bo " a conceited gentleman who took
a drink when ho pleased and n'wer
voted the Democratic ticket." This
reminds mu of an old man I met in
Arkansas, who said to mo, " Mr. Arp,
I'm gwinu onto 80 years old?mo aud
my old 'oman have lived togethor fifty
nine years and jined the same Baptist
church the year wo was married and
every year sioco thou I have voted tho
Democratic ticket." His politics was
a good part of his religion.
I remember when the alienation be
tween Whigs and Democrats was quite
as bitter for many years as it has been
between Republicans aud Democrats
at the South?social equality even in
small towns was strained by politics.
This alienation got into the churches
and colleges. Thero was no outward
breach of good manners, but it was
manifested in various ways that the
Whigs felt they were better thau tho
Democrats, for they were generally
wealthy and educated and owned
slaves. Out of 165 students in our
State Univeroity in 1845, 130 of them
were sons of Whigs. 1 am still a De
mocrat, aud my father was before me,
but I have always respected tho grand
old Whig party of the South, and
lamented its disruption. I still re
member with prido and admiration the
names of Too nibs, Stephen?, Ben Hill,
Jenkins, Dr. Miller, Crawford, Bur
rien, tho Hulls aud Holts and Under
woods and Doughtcrvs, for 1 knew
them all personally and heard them ou
the stump and in tho forum.
But tho disruption had to come both
in church and State. The Whigs could
not any longer stand the company they
were in?Northern Whigs became Re
publicans and affiliated with abolition
ists in their political platforms. They
precipitated the civil war, and from that
was bom plunder und corruption. I
do not mean to say that all Di niojrata
ate patriotic and honust?nor that ali
Republicans are unprincipled aud dis
honest. When our unsophisticated
preacher, Ed. .Axson, said to Judge
Underwood that he could not believe
Tweed was guilty of stealing all that
money in New York city, for Tweed
was a Democrat, the judge smiled aud
said: " My dear sir, you ate too inno
cent and unsuspecting to live in this
wicked world. 1 am twice as old as
you are and my observation has been
that t is within the ranuoof possibility
for a Democrat to steal." But what [
do say is that tho Democratic party
has more conscience and is less greedy
than the Republican. Shortly after
the war a Dutchman in Chattanooga
killed bis fat shote and hung it up in
the back yard to cool during the night
?next morning he was horrified to
find that one half of tho hog was gone.
He ran around wild and was very much
excited and declared that some mean
old stiukin' Democrat had carried off
one-half of his beautiful shote. "What
makes you think ho was a Democrat?"
a neighbor asked. " Vy, of course ho
vaa a Dimocrat?of course he vas?for
a Republican would hav stole de whole
That's it exactly. Thoy want it all.
Bat now is the time for a great re
formation. Martin Luthor brought
one in the church and I believe that
Roosevelt will bring one to the man
agement of our national affairs. He
knows of the corruption and lias de
termined to purge it. II >. will appoint
good men to office regardless of their
political principles. He will not bo
foverncd by that maxim of Marcy'a.
fa is an ardent believer in civil service
leform. General Grant had the law
passed in 1872 to stop public plunder,
but ho couldn't enforce it and it be
came a dead letter. In 1870 and 1880
both parties pretendod to favor its re
vival and they put it as a plank in their
platforms. In 1883 Congress passod
the present vigorous law on the sub
ject, hut party pressure evades it as
much as possible and that unchristian,
uncivilized maxim of "to the victors
belong tho spoils" still prevails. The
civil set vice reform does not apply to
all the little offices, but is pretended to
be enforced in the Important ones.
Thirty thousand railway postal clerks
are subject to it and the law is more
rigidly enforced in tho postal depart
ment than any other.
Now we hope and have a right to
expect that Mr. Roosevelt will Bee to it
that no objectionable postmaster shall
he appointed in any town North or
South. The postoiTlce is emphatically
the people's office. It ought really to
be an elective office in every town and
village. It is close akin to home and
home affairs and the sacred and secret
things of our homes. Men, women
and children have a share in it and no
one but a Rind-hearted, accommodat
ing man or w jan of Rood, respectable
social standing in the community
should be appoint* 1. There Is an
eternal fitness of things that cannot
be disregarded With impunity and no
broad-minded man would appoint a
negro as postmaster at Athens or
Augusta or any white man's town.
Why not try one at Canton, Ohio, or
Dayton, or any other cultured city of
the North? Why insult our people
with such Federal officials. They say
that we are all brethren npw, but as
the poet says:
" I know that you say that you lovo me,
Bat why did you kick me downstairs V"
? Now just think of it?and ponder it
?whal an opportunity for Mr. Roose
velt to win to him mnuy millions of
good people who have beeu long es
tranged, lie can do this und not stiuiu
his Republicanism. V\ hat a great
thing it is for a king or au emperor or
a President to bo loved by his subject*
or his people. What a glorious lclot m
it would be for ull the con?ervativo
citizens of the North and the South,
the East and thu West to wipe out tl o
party lines and with one heart and one
mind eay to Mr. Roosevelt, sir, your
hightoued, pure, patriotic und unpre
judiced administration since the death
of Mr. McKinley ha? commanded our
lospect and admiration. We there*
lore nominate you 10 succeed youiselt.
I believe it to bu possible for this to
happen. Keep on that Hue, Mr.
-\008nvelt. Put the best men in office
regardless of party linos nud my old
friend, Evan ilowtll, and I will back
\nu, but wo will not flop over !o the
Uepublican patty ?11 of a euddon as
Bob Lowrydid. It will have to repeat,
and flpolbgjge a lt?ii? time before I will
trust then) and shako bauds across the
blo< dy chasm. I've got such a long
habit of being a Diuioerat that I'm ioo
old to change, boh l^owry is much
younger, and so is Roosevelt. Lowry
can turn Republican if he chooses and
Roosevelt can turn Democrat, we don't
Rill A UP.
ABOUT rill? FAMOUS DINF^R
The Governor of North Carolina
Discusses the Event.
Governor Aycock, of North Caroliua,
has expressed his views as lollows in
regard to the diuing of Booker Wash
ington at the White House:
"It is a matter ot regret to the peo
ple of the South that the social ques
tion has been raised by President
Roosevelt. There is a genuine respect
for tho work Booker Washington has
done, and his accepting tho iuvitaliou
of tho President, shows that he has not
propcily appreciated the feeling in tho
Sou.h. The Southeru peop'e are will?
iug and anxious for lb. advancement
of tho negro, but they aio not willing
to overthrow their social structure.
PrC8ident Roosevelt and Booker Wash
ington have both mane a mistake.
This reception by the President has
raised anew the col?>r line in tho South
and this is deplored. We cannot get
beyond this question and solve the pro
blem of individual development. The
true friend of tho negro in the South
regrets the action of tho President.
The development of the negro is along
industrial lines and this is depeudent
upon the altitude of the Southern peo
ple. And any allempt on the part of
Federal authorities to force social
equality tau but result iu injury to the
negro as a class. Booker Washington
Ought to have known this fact even if
the President did uol. Tho act of the
President is injurious to iho South and
10 the negro. H'h cour.so renders it
impos8iblo for the Southern white
Republican to support him and he con
trols Republican politics in the South.
1 am endeavoring to secure the sup
port ol all the people for tlio education
of all childreu, without regard to color.
President Roosevelt has hampered and
retarded tho efforts which aro b ing
made to educate the u< gro. He has
furnished the opponents of negro edu
cation with an argument of social
equality which is hard to meet. The
President is measuring life by war,
winch is always abnormal, as life can
only be considered properly it its whole
aspect, and the general condition of
the Uuited States is that of peace. The
charge of tho Tenth cavalry cannot
furnish a basis for action on the part
of the President uf the United Siui.es.
Blood is thicker than water and 1 lie
President will iivo to learn this lesson."
lincoln on social equality.
President Roosevelt is said to 00
much amused at Southern indignati )n
for his admission oi a negro to social
equality with tho whito man. If he
wants to get a good laugh over such a
fantastic objection, ho should read the
speech of Abraham LittCpla in his de
bate with Douglass in 1858, in tbo
course of which he said: " I am not,
nor evtr havo been, in favor of mak
ing voters or jurors of negroes, nor ot
qualifying them to hold office, nor in
termarrying them with while people,
and I will say, in addition to this, that
there is a phjMcal difference between
the white and the biuck race, which, 1
be ieve, will forovor forbid tho two
races liviug together on terms of social
and political equality?r.tid, inasmuch
as they cannot so live, while ihe.y do
remain together there must be a'posi
tion of superior and inferior, and I, as
much as any othor man, am in favor
of having the superior position as
signed to tho white race." The pro
test of tho South against social 1 quality
of white men ami negroes is in accor
dance wit 11 th ) teachings of Abraham
Lincoln, and when Theodore Roosevelt
laughs it to scorn he is reviling tho
wisdom of the greatest man his party
has ever placed in the Presidential
chair.?The Columbia tftate.
Army Looses in Philippines*?
The annual report, of Major-General
Henry C. Corbin, adjulaut-genoral of
the army, comprehensively roviows the
work, condition and needs of the
military establishment. General Corbin
submits a tablo to show that the. army
in the Philippines is to be rcduco by
expired enlistments at the rate of
about 2,000 a month from now on
until June, 1002, The question whether
the regiments thus depleted in strongth
are toremain so, or be rccrnited to
their full roster, he says, is one re
quiring the very earliest consideration,
for if the latter is contemplated, it It
already time to begin special recruit
The losses from all causes in lh<
regular army and the volunteers from
July 1st, 1000, to June 80th last
totaled 16,924 officers and men in the
formor and 25,000 iu the latter.
The casualties to the troops iu the
Philippines since the date of the first
arrival June 30,1808, to June 30 last,
were 111 officers and 3X878 men killed,
and 182 officers and 2,646 men wound
Biut tfe The Kind You Haw Always BwjM
KOliSTJC R CAUGHT THE PI*UM.
He Has Distribution of I,arge
Patronage-A ho , al Friend to
Tho Columbia correspondent of the
Augusta Chrouielo says that Mr. Geo
U Koestcr, who has been appointed
collector of Internal revenuo lor South
Carolina, declared on his rolurn fr?#ui
Washington that he had formed no
plans and doc* not know what will b?
his policy iu appointing his deputies,
clerks and othei?. ii is probable thai
he will retire lrotu active editorial
management of the Columbia Eveniug
He stated that ho was not an appli
cant, ?ml that his appoiulmont Was a
Mirprine *.o niniself. He was called to
Washington, and Saturday evening he
spent au hour and a half at the While
House wich the President. When the
matter of ilio vacancy came up the
.President offered It to Koester. The
latter atked if there were no possible
chuuoe for Blaiock lo get the place.
The President said there, was not, and
Koeeter then accepted it.
Ho has not yet Ukcu charge, aim
has not tiled a bond. He Stated that
he would sj:end some lime study ing the
duties of his oflico. lie was asked tf
there is any truth in tho rumor thai
MoLauriu is slated for a place la the
cabinet. In reply ho stiu that while
thero is some talk of that kind in
Washington, he does not know ony
ihiug about the matter. His own ap
pointment is due, in part, he says, to
the efforts of W. W. Price, who was
in tho newspaper busiuess here onco,
and is on a paper in Washington now.
When Blalock was turned down Price
suggested Rooster's name.
It is believed m Columbia by many
people that Souator MoLauriu will ^ct
a place itv the cabinet of President
ltoosevolt, and that be has simply
taken care of his friend Koester before
ho leaves the polilioal affairs of this
State. Others think that this is but an
indication that McLaurin will endeavor
to captuto all tho Federal patronage in
Koeetcr got tho best plum iu tho
basket. The aaiary is ?3,500 and com
missions will increase that amount to
84,500. In addiliou he has the po or
ol appoinuug forty or more deputies
and clerks, whoso saluries aggregate
uot less than 840,000 a year. Ho ap
points the United States gauger, whose
duty it is to test every barrel of spirits
shipped to tho State dispensary. The
collector ol revenue in S"Ulh Carolina
is a man much sought after. 11 is not
known what changes, if any, will bo
made in the clerical force. There is
one negro clerk iu the Federal office
here, and tho gauger at the llichlaud
distilleiy la a negro.
There are thioo division deputies,
one of them, A C. Merrick, ?>f Green?
villc, being a white man. The other
two are Kdniund H. Deas, of Darling?
ton, tho negro who is chaiim m of the
Republican party in the state, aud J.
II. Fordhatn, of Orangeburg, who pro
sides over the Uepublican conventions.
Those three division deputies got about
81,400 a year each.
There arc three ollice deputies lo
cated in Columbia. Mr. George II.
Huggins is the chief. He has been act
ing as successor to tho lato Mr. Web
ster aud was a prominent candidate for
tho place which Kocstor has secured.
Huggtns has many friends in the Mate
He wont over to the Republicans ubout
four years ago. Capt. J. L. Little, a
captain in tho United States army dur
ing the war between the Slates, and
one of the soldiers sent here in Recon
struction days is next to Mr. Huggius.
Tho other office-deputy is Mr. L. M.
Fouch, a Democrat. Rev. J. 11. John
son, colored, is the office clerk at a
salary of ?000. Miss Youngblood is
the stenographor and Mr. K. W. Sere
ven, a Uepublican, is a supernumerary
on the pay roll of tho office
Tho thrco gaugors are A S. Truinbo,
J. II. Dennis and W. ?. Boykitl. They
ate paid 85 a day each. Dennis is lo
cated at Newbcrry and is an inUiierant.
Boy kin is a negro, yet has tho very re
sp' nsiblo position of representing the
government at the llichlaud distillery
of this city, whero 000 bushels of corn
are daily mane into spirits. Truinbo
is located at the State dispensary and
handles thousands of barrels of liquor.
Thus it will bo seen that Rooster's of
fice is indirectly connected with the
In addition to the positions above
enumerated, Koeslor will have tho
right to appoint two storekeepers to
look after government property ot dis
tilleries, and thero are about twenty
tive storekeepers and gangers at as
many distilleries' in tho Stato; The
majority of the distilleries are located
iu tho uppor part of, the State, but
there is a big oho at Hamburg, near
Augusta, and anothor at Cauidon, near
These facts are cited to BhovV that
McLaurin, if designing to enter the
President's official family, has provld*
ed well for the man who has buen'lW
most loyal to him. So if McLaurin
purposes to fight it.out in the primaries
nextyeat, these forty or more mnSor,'
positions could bo used in the further
ance of his causo.
The office of revenue collector" ls|
equivalent to that of tax collccior. Ii
requires, or should require, tho si r-,
vices of men of business ability and ot
experience with tho law. For in
stance, tho government is allowed to
impose a tax upon certain kind.- of
legacies. It is the duty of this office
to keep truck of such things and t
know just what kind of legacies are to
be taxed. There are many nice point ?
in the execution of the law which re
quire the work oi experienced men.
An exchange truthfully remarks thai
ihe home-grown, hand-spanked, bare
fo tril, hard-flaled coumry boy makes
a much better fighter in the battle ot
life than tho pampered, high-collared,
creaaed-trouaered lads of our towns
and cities, whose clothes have always
been brushed with a whisk broom in
stead of a shingle.
I by the Quart.
Z very bottlo you take of Johoaton'a
B Sarsaparllla mcma better health,
U and every bottle contains a full
tfS^) quart, lb makes bettor blood?purer
\ Mr blood. For thirty yeara this famous
\ ?? r,?r.ic2y bus bo?u oioutlug and Tft*!*" '
\# Ulnlng good health.
y^jjjflH builds up tho system, tones the
g nervos, and stronpthena the musolea
more promptly an -.fcctuuiiv than
any other remedy known. Tho pullor of tho
eheek disappears, energy takes tha plaoe of
languor, and the rich eolor of health flows to
tha cheeks. Unequalled for all disorders of tha
summon and liver, and for all weakening com
plaints of men, women and children.
Sol* ...r,wh<u?. F.1M, 81.00 p.r rail ?urttutti?.
WCHIO.AN DRUU CO.. - BMroR, filch.
Pur fcb ? t\ ,ns Lmryiu D ag Ojin
pany, Laurens. S. C.
FROM A BACHELOR'S VIFW.
Thero are easier things than wear
ing u wilting collar aud being in love
at 'he sa.no lime.
Many a mau has never married
when lie meaul to because of his first
sight of her in a bathing suit.
Marriage vows wear out about as
quick as anything Unit is made; but
tboy arc patched up to look almost as
good as now.
If any woman was ever foolish en
ough to really explain her reasons for
things to a mau sho would loso her
power over him.
Somehow it is the way of clever wo
men that it they didn't have anythiug
t ut furs to wear in hot weather they
Would make themselves look cool.
Tho man Was uever born who could
make himself understand on u boiling
hot night why a woman wants to know
for the fiftieth time if ho loves her.
Everybody will always tell a stran
ger il 13 very unusual we tther, and we
never bad anything like it before, ex
cept oneyear when it was either wann
er or cooler.
When a woman sits down to think
what she would like to oat if she went
t.? a fashionable restaurant she never
gets paht thinking what she would like
to wear while she was eating it.
Half tho men iu the world wouldn't
ho married if it hadn't beun lor some
There uro plenty of women who.
aren't pigeon lood, but mighty few
who aren't knock kneed.
It sounds awl ol nice to talk about a
man's wealth of love, hut that kind
doisn't buy many mutton chops.
Bet?re she marries a man, a woman
may cai'0 a whole lot to have him look
like a god} hut after she has got him,
what fdie most cares about is not to have,
him get up cross in the morning,
When they are engaged a man can't
think of anything so prosaic as what
his future wife knows about things to
eat; but alter they arc married ho will
raise thunder if ho can't givo cards
and spades to the best cook on earth.
The pin is sera chior than tho sword.
You can mend a broken heart, but
never a broken promise.
It is l't the girl who blushes at an
off ct*>lor s'ory that you want to lookout
for, but the girl who doesn't.
Not one girl in a thousand Is ever
halt as much iu doubt as to whether a
man loves her as whether sho loves
It's a mighty mean married man who
sits tlowu and Hgures out how many
billiard games, drinks, and cigars he
could pay for with all the money ho
spiut on 11 >worS| theaters, and suppers
whon ho was engaged.
Tho man does tho fishing, but it
isn't tho woman who gots caught on
Most womon can make love matches
for 'ilbers a good deal bettor than they
can for themselves.
Tho second stage of love wouldn't
he half so stupid to most people as it
is if they hadn't fo > cd themselves so
much about how uxcltiug the first stago
When a man hns the fool idea about
being lord of his own castle, he gets it
mighty well knocked out of hia head
whon the castle gets populated by two
babies, a nurse, a bull pup, and a litter
Ask the devil what thing most inter
fores with his plans and ho would tell
y Tho littlo boy who really likes school
must bo tho same ouo who never had
to learu to eat olives.
,. .A woman's idea of a successful day
is to wash her hair and then write a
forty-three-page letter while it is dry
Most any man who has boon through
both experiences will toll y >u that if
he !uh! to draw to a moiher-iu-law or
a daughtor-in-law ho wouldn't dato
The man who gets mad becauso his
wife always insists on staying home to
tako care of the baby would got a good
deal madder if she insisted on tagging
arouud aftor him.?Now York Press.
The young housekeeper often flads
it difficult to prevent waste in the
kitchen, diningroom and pantry. With
careful thought tho trouble will'smooth
itself out. Bread needs closo watch
tug. Tho biscuit mav bo warmed over
and freshened by sprinkling them with
cold water aud putting them in a real
hot ovou a fow minutes. Tho left-over
pieces of light bread may bo toasted,
fried, steamed, used for dressing or
hread pudding. I aim to utihzo scraps
of bread as fast as they appear; it is
harder to make use of a large quantity
I never hike fresh, light bread until
the old bread is used.
"When a progressive farmer, by tho
use of improved Implements and good
teams can grow 100 act es of corn or
cotton, how can a farmer compete who
does his work with a single mulo and
an old-time plow cultivating twenty-five
acres?" asks Farm and Ranch.
18 WASHINGTON TO JU,AM Ii ?
His Only Excuse is the Flea of
Vanlty-The South Is the Ne
Now Orleans TimeB-Democrut.
Severely an tho President has bceu
cnticiHOil in the matted of 'he Uuose
veil-Washington dinner incident, the
principal of the Tu:>kegee institute can
inn and should uol escape condemna
tion, Iii accepting the iuvilatiou u?
tho President) Booker Washington
could nut fail to understand that he
was doing that which would stay tho
hands of the Southern people who have
watch'd Ilia career with interest and
! who have generously sustained him in
his work of educating the negro along
Prom tho moment that Washington
begun to execute his purpose at Tusko*
gee, Ala., it seemed to the white peo
ple of tho Soiit Ii that ho had discerned
the lino of true development for his
race; and ac they observed how pru
dently and how capably ho entered
upon his life-work, they felt, and felt
deeply, that he should be encouraged
and supported in nil possible ways and
by P possible means, llo v i ff. (-lively
this nvicli u of the Southern p? ople
has been translated into fact i? known
by none so well ashy Booker Wash
ington. Whereevor he has gone
?hroughout the South he 1ms been
greeted with evidences of good will, of
sympathy and of intelligent support,
and his life lias Leen bold up as au ex
ample that might well bo emulated by
people of his race. It is only fair to
state that the principal of Tuskegoo had
until recently behaved himself becom
ingly; had shown sound sense and a
certain unfailing tact in his dealings
with tho white race. Ho seemed to
convince the while citizenship of the
South that hisdcsiie was not to preach
political negro domination or ranal
i quality, but to inculcate lessons of in
dustry, honesty ntid thrift among the
members of Iiis race. In coutemplui
log his aim and his work, tho Southern
pcoplo were ineliued to behove, aud fit
length did believe, that this man,
Washington, had broken from the ranks
of ignorant ami vicious negro leaders
and had taken postiiou on the vantage
ground of reason* and the white pen
pie ot the South trealed him with all
ihe couslderati >n his conduct deserved.
Throughout his career, however, mem
her? ot the white race made it uuinis
uikably clear to li<?>ker T. Washing
ton that though they sympathized wi b
h ,v wouhi liberally suppoit
h k, yet he should clearly
understand that social iquaiit. of he
races was not even foi no msiapt, or
? ven iu an individual instance, to bo
There can he no doubt that Wa-h
luwton uudorPtood this faoi asthoiough
t\ as he r? cogi'lzeu the differeuce in
cdor between the African and the
Caucasian races*, and understanding it
ts ho did, there can bo entered in <le
feuso of his action no plea other than
i ho plea of Vanity. The invitation
came; tho lomptation swept Washing
ton off his feet and out of his head; he
y ielded iu obedience to a sense cf per?
sotial conceit, and iu doing so be neu
tralized tho wise efforts of a lifetime
spent iu actual scrvie to his race and
to his country.
Tho South is the negro's friend. In
spite of terrible temptation to treat
him ill, the South has treated him
well. White men and white men's
money have opened tho way to a wise
development of the uegro race. The
effort to uplift I ho negro has been
made soberly and pruyerfully by the
Southern people. It is their desire, as
it is their interest, to sco the negro i
race in the South become what, within
its limitations and by the providence
ol" God, it is destined to bo. Ever*
effort iu behalf ol the negro, directed
along intclligentwiih, has met lines
and will continue to meet with, the
s\ mpathy and support of ah men "with
straight hair." Hut every negro in
tho South must understand here, now,
righ. off?once aud forever?that tho
Souihorn people will nover, even for
an instant, agree to the prop iou
that tho black race is socially tho equal
of the white race. In momentarily
forgetting, or at least in blinding him
seit to that iinportant fact, Hooker
Washington ha- chilled the sympathy
of Southern men who had liberally
supported him. Iu yielding to a pecu
liar weakness of hi- raco, tho principal
of Tuskegeo has measurably undone
tho good work ho had accomplished.
It is clear that tho penally of his folly
will fall most heavily upon his own
Crimson clover should bo seeded iu
as soon as the lato summer rains be
gin. It is not a spring aud summer
plant, but is like rye, aud it comes out
eatly iu tho spring as soon us ryo. It
will niaku fair headway before winter,
and fowls may bo turned out on it if
tho ground is not covered with snow,
but it cannot be grown so at- to bo cut
in the fall. It starts out in tho spring,
however, very early, and it ie well
under way in growth before the earliest
grass begins, which makes it a valuable
plant for tho uso of poultrymen, not
only it spring, but during tho winter.
A memorial church has latoly been
eroded and dedicated on the situ of
Jeffeisou Davis' birthplaco in Fair
view, Ky. A slab of Tunnesseo mar.
bio set in tho wall bears this inscrip
tion: ?? Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi,
was born on Juno 3, 1608, on tho site
??f this church. Ho muue a gift of
the lot March 10, 1880, to Bethel
ilaptist C hurch at) a thuuk offeiiug to
Cure for Malaria. A
For all forcniruf Malarial polaon
Ing take Johntun'* Chill and Peve ?
Tonk. A taint of Malarial poison
ing in your hi owl meananilacry and
tall uro. Blood niewllelneaoan'teure
Malarial poisoning. The antidote
for it in JOHNSON'S TONIC.
Get a bottle to-day. _
Costa 50 Cents |f \l C?reo.
IiXCHANG? OP TEX r BOOKS.
Important Announcement Prom
Superintendent of Education.
Although Supt. McMabau ha - issued
inuuy circulurs of information in re
gard to the exchange of text book*, ho
learns here aud there of people wh > d i
not know thai they can use (heir old
books as part payment iu buying new
books. Moreover, he finds that snue
of the merchants who are handling the
books for ihe pttblUhers do not under
stand the terms of the contract und
reit et some of the old b lok.s that aie
offered in exchange One of the mer
chants has stated that the readers
to bo accepted must of the Holmes
series, and thut tho bo >ks must liu
clcau und in good condition for use
elsewhere. This error the publifchot
hus tried to explain and promises to
In January last, when some of the
publishers weio tryiug to take such a
view of the contract, tho State superin
tendent is-ued a circular giving his in.
lerpretalion, and sent it not only to
school officers, but to all the publish,
cis, who at once acceded to it. Some
of their instructions i *oued piior to
that, however, are still looked upon ov
some merchants as authority, und it
may he that sou ot the publishers
have not extici-cd good fai'h in cor
recting the Instruction)?, that they had
previously issued to their merchant
agents. Hence, Supt. MoMahan wishes
the newspapers to help him iufotm the
Iu view of the nenr approach of the
day after which old books will uot be
taken up, the State superintendent has
soul out 10,000 leaflets with the names
and pi ices uf the books, aud the fol
lowing succinct Statement of facts that
teachers and patents should know :
The time for exchange expires Nov.
15th. The regular price is given first,
the exchange price second, 'i he. puces
may be higher unless the bo ks b<
bought of county superint< ndent* of
education or ot merchants dePiguated
by the^c ? Ulcers. Tue exchuuge price
is the price at which the bo k may be
bought if an old book in th< hmds ot
the pupil is exch tuged for it, given to
boot All tho publishers are un u-r
c utract to accept in exchange *? all
b oks <?f au\ series or ol any ? dlliou
in th - hands of the pupils and designed
to be displaced b\ the ext b oks here
in adopted " Hence the book must
be accepted (lj regardless of its c n
dition, even wiih backs off, it it is
in- ible and in the haods of a pupil.
(2) rugatdlossof itsautl.i r or publisher,
just ?o it .s ilesl^ned to tie dtnplaC- d by
ih?? adopted book, (.3) hut it iuu t be f
the. same gr.idu as he boOK bough', for
i> it is ? f a lower g ude, thai or >yes that
it has been ulr? ady completed a d di
e irdi d. and l tin r< lore not being not
ion lid ol io b<- (U-placed by iIn in w
hoi ks. If the puhlisln r tries to dodge
these eondiuotir, he will be subj et in
a line of ?25 for each offence, aud fur*
ther forteiis the adoption of in* book*,
? oder the regulations of the Stale
board and the act ot the Legi la lure no
teacher can bo paid w ho teaches any
books instead of these on the same
All violations of the law should be
reported to the State superintendent of
Nearly all of the publishers have
agreed to sell desk copies of the text
books to leathers at half price, if ihe
teachers will communicate through
the county superintendents. Teachers
should at once supply themselves with
the books which they are to teach.
The publlsheia of readers, arithme
tics, geographies, histories, grammars
and spellers, have consented to ship
these books on consignment to mer
chants who are recommended to them
by the county superintendents, and to
nslow 5 per cent compensation to these
merchants for selling the books al Ihe
listed prices and taking up the old
books for shipnii nl to the publishers.
Thus, if the county superintendent has
looked alter this, as he has been urged
to do, the exchange of books can be
effected al a store in every neighbor
Knocked Down by a Paktkidoe.
While hunting ti few niglhs ago uear
Salisbury, N. (J., Deputy Shetiff Kruh r
had the novel experience ot being
knocked down by a partridge and a
narrt.w escape from serious injury
lie and Chief of Police Miller were in
tho woods and their dogs were trading
a 'possum, when they flushed a c >vey
of partridges. The birds scattered
blindlv In the darkness and a* ihoy did
so Mr. Milter, who was in advance,
beard a fall and a groan behind him.
Ho retraced his steps at once and found
Mr. Krider lying on his back in a
daz-id condition, with his handover his
right eyu. lloth believed that Mr.
Kiider must have been sliuck by a
stone thrown by some miscreant, lor
Hu; strange solution of thu matter
uuiurHlly did not occur to them at first.
All was plain, howevei, when Mr
Miller, in looking for thu t-uppnsed
stone, found a dead partridge ?Ving
near where hi* companion h id fallen,
with its neck broken. Tho bird's bill
hul struck Mr. K'ider lust above the
eye, narrowly nursing the ejcball, and
the hm k of tho impact had been sut
llcient to knock down a man much
heavier than Mr. Krldor.
Here is a bird killed out of season,
but under such exceptional circum
stances and so altogether involunuiriiy
that there is no danger of Mi. Krlder
heing indicted for violating tho g-iine
Abraham Lincoln's birthplace, a
faim of 110 acres, near Hudgeunvillc,
Ky , is to be turned into an inebriate
asylum. St. Luke's .Society, of Chica
go, has bought tho place, and has an
ootion on 850 acres adjacent. Dr.
Slruble, one of thu dliuCiors ot im
society, says it will bo u nu moiUI to
Lincoln, and the greatest temperance
project over undertaken in this CoUD
The Kind You Have Always Bought
For Infants and Children.
? . mi ii iii ii.?in i ..imiw^
The U. S. Government Tests
Show the Absolute Superiority of
Royal Baking Powder.
HE I? NOT A GOLD DEMOCRAT
The Original Simon-Pure Gold
Democrats Repudiate Koeater.
When President Roosevelt made the
appointment of George It. Koestor a*
internal revenue collector, it wad sent
out I roin Washington all ovci the coun
try that KotSter was a gold Democrat.
The Charleston Evening Post publishes
the following :
Editor Evening Post : The appoint
ment of (lecrgti it. Kueslaras collector
ot internal revenue tor South Carolina
as a gold Democrat brings the McLau
iin movement IU South Carolina to lue
low comedy level. Will you permit the
writer, as one who was rather con
spicuous in the smuU cot rie if gold
Democrats in South Carolina in 1811(5
to sa> that, to classify Mr. Koeater as
a South Carolina gold Democrat, If it
be intended to associate his name with
thorn, is a gratuitous slander? If m\
memory is not at fault, Mr. Koe.-ter
was connected with a newspaper in Co
lutubia, which nut only opposed the
800 South Carolina supporters of Pal
mer and Buckner, but descended in so
doing lo the constant employment ol
coarse vituporaiiou und billingsgate. 1
think this Mr. Koesier was at the time
the editor of this Columbia newspaper,
though I am not sure. Theg ?ld Dein
oeratic movement of 18'JO had for its
leader* such men as the lute Col. F,
W MoMa-it r, of Columbia, Col. Jam*- .
D 11 aiidtng, ol Siiuiter, the la c Cd ,
Du luovani, of Ed.eiield, the late C^h~
George W. Durgan,of Darliugtou, who
was one ot the most brilliant men thai
South Carolina Im? had in Congress
since the war b< lW0?*n the States ; Mr.
II n lee, of Marion, Mr W W. Ball,
Col W. It. Davte, Mi. Frank Q
O'Neill, of Chariest >ii, George Lik?,
of Edge??-Id, Nat Gi-t, ot Newberrv,
at d Col Frank Evans, . f S,iartauhuiy
These men wcie, I think, either mem
bei9 of the indtanap Iis convention or
on the electoral ticket?or most ol
them were. They include most of the.
men wh- se names wen; prominent In
the movement in an official way S
far as 1 know, Dot one of ihoin askei
or expect d any Icward from a Bepuh
heaii admn 1st rat ion, and this oiicum
.-lance Would have w- igln iu aecpJtttiUi:
I hem of any sordid or unpatriotic mo
live. In fact, 'lie Palmer and Buck
net Democrats" of South Carolina", few
a.- they were, are proud ol the. pi snion
ihov took in the face ot intemperate
opposition, and they cannot hut regard
with resentment any statt in- nt or im
plication made in the public print- ill
this late day thai a porsou who iudulg
cd in all manner of harsh reflections
upon their motives was one ol them.
The Palmer ami Buckuer Demooiuts
probably do net cure particularly who
tho President appoints to office, and
this is not iutended as a criticism of
the appointment of Mr. Koesier. But
8iuce 1800 nothing has taken place in
the State which would dolino a mau as
a gold Democrat; there was no opposi
lion to Bryan in 1000, unless by Dem
ocrats who voted lor M Kinley or re
frained from voting. Mr. Koostor in
1807 suppoited MoLuurin, who wa?
elected to tho Senate as a free silver al
10 to 1 Democrat, and thu* it seems
fair and necessary to explain that tin
Palmer and Buckuer Democrat ft arc in
no wis lei pousitilo for Mr. Koester
The Gold Democracy that dared to as
sort itseif in 1800 passed out of exts
teneo whon tho defeat of Mr Bryan
saved tho money of the country from
i depreciation, and it is now in Its grave
May not those who composed it and
are proud of it enter a protest against
its desecration ?
Of couise, I do not say thai Mr.
Koester has not undergone a chanye ot
heart und mind since 1800 ami 1807,
and I do not can ?but the Pal iui r and
Buckuer Democ ats of South Carolin i
have never had part nor M with bun
The Evening iv-a 8?\ a, ?di lor la'. I) :
The 1< tit r signo i bv " Sound Money/'
which wo publish Isewhere i> the nat
ural protest of an earnest and UiiselQ-Ji
g >ld D< m<*crat, who was pr ?mlnunt in
the Palmer and Bttckn r movoiuent in
S uih Carolina in 181)0, against thi
recognition ofUeorge K K a-ster as bo.
longing 10 thai political section. The
point made in The Evening Post yes
terday 'hat tho distinction of gold
D.-m >crats can be in do only on the
alignments of the 18110 campaign is
etnnhuslzed by this c >rre*poudent, and
as Koesior was at that limo a blatan
silverite, certain)) it is an injustice to
the men of Conviction and principle
w ho held M 'in views at a trying p< rlod,
to have him lucotiuized and CJCp.l< lied
is a prominent gold Democrat." A
far us thev are concerned the Presideoi
mav give Kocrtler and his kind all th
offices under his dispensation, bin
wheh he gives one. on t' e score Of the
recipient being a uold D mocrat, iho\
will, as lh< v should, protest .?
An English na-umhat Bays thai the
spued of b?rd? is often exauge rated.
The fwift, for example, has hei n
credited with a sped ol 160 miles an
hour, and the popular imagination
compare* the flgln ol a Spar ow hawk
with ihat ot a cannon hall Without
iid from the wind, he sut?, ?he pigeon !
will fly about f >tty rallea an hour; but
the homing pigeon me, bo relied nc,
vnder fair c nditions, to make sixl\
mibs an hour. On a short course the
-parrow hawk can outllv this, but it
freqt ently falle to catch smaller birds
hat form its prey.
Miss Kate Livingstone, a ?ist* r of
l>r Livingstone^ the cxt I -rcr, hm just
celebrated hor IdO h birthday at her
home on the Isle of Midi.
The i-ntiro cleric il force of Penn
bylvania Railroad Company was vac
cinated in Philadelphia the othor day.
IN A HUMOROUS, \ Ii IN.
Circus Manage-?What's all that
?>w iu tho dressing-room?
Attondunt?Oh, tho man who walks
muH. otod <>n swords rnu a spliuter in
Iiis toot.?Ohio State Journal.
Clara?It scours oo straugo to bo in
Maid?Whv, haven't you evor?x
perlunced that feeling ?
Clara?Oh, yes, but uot for sevoral
veeks.?Detroit Free Press.
Subbubs?See hero, you said that
iiouho we bout/hi of vou was a stone's
throw from the station.
subbubs?Well, 1 simply want to
-now * ho thruW that stone.?Philadol
" Ouc never knows a mau's real
value until he is <h ad," commented the
??True," .eolied the worldly woman.
Previous to that we can only specu
late on tho amount of his lifo insur
Tawker?I tell you what, it takes a
baby to brighten up the house, eh?
Walker?I should say. We've had
o keep I be gas lit all ui^ht ever aiuce
ours arrived, three mouths ago.?Phil
Her father'?Well, sir what cau I do
"?' II -r lover?I?er?called to -?fco if
.on?er?would give assent to my
marriage t<? your daughter.
Her father?Mot a cent, sir; not a
cent. Good day !?Philadelphia Press.
It was hi* first Voyage, and he was
leaning over the rail in an alUludo of
reckless b ind uuuenl.
" What are \ou d dug?" some one
jsoringh a.sked htm.
" I um rendei n . 10 ih'i sea, s r, he
ihitigs that are the set's, sir I ho
gasped, as soon as he could s eak.
Peliijohti?Woiueu are paradoxical"
c eatures !
Pillobury (weauly)?Yes. My wife
has got oi.e >?! those hats that tney
wear at an angle of forty-five degrees,
and ?*be is forever askiug mo: "George,
nave I got my hat on straigh.?"?
13r loklyi. E ig.e. /'
A bu Iding in a Georgia hamlet dis
plays this unique si^u : " Sehod of
learning. Lessons given in poetry
wrlii.ig and novultry. Also, will teach
uiu-ic to you, and dramatics, ilidos
and wool taken lor cash. AUo, as the
.vinter season is coming on, oak wood
Tho youth who wa> smoking a coffin
nail near the monkey's cage took anJlh
er one from his pocket.
" Would it do any harm," ho asked,
??if I should offer him one of these?"
44 Not a bit," responded the atten
dant. 41 Ho wouldn't touch it. A
monkey Isn't half as big a fool as it
looks." ?Chicago Ti ibuue.
Tom?Oh. she'll nov:r have me, I
Cousin Nell?I'm sure she likes you.
Why don't you ask bei?
Tom?I was g. iug to last night, but
she called me a lobster, and?
Cousin Noll?You're a goose; that's
what you are. Don't you know suo'a
paSbloualely fond of lobslers? .She
meant tc say you were nice enough to
?? You' 1 have to ciciise my dolly,"
said the little four-year?oid, with great
dignity. 44 8he'? indisposed."
44 What is tho matter with her,
Kilt)?" a>ked the visitor, with a show
I Irieudly interest and sympathy.
?4 She's lost all tno i-awdUSt out of
icr moiiiach," replied Ki ty, 44 part of
hei lett leg's gone, siie's got uerv /US
pi > .strut ion, ;? <l oau'l wink bur eyoa."
Ho wan a very uungrylo 'king tramp
and he loll tbai hin OolldlUUD Would
Move llic In an ut even a miner.
u Pray help :i.o, kind sir,*' mourn
fully wailod iiio Irani,!, <?? lie approach"
od the mi-or. ik 1 haven't hail a buo
" Nonsense!" snarled the wealthy
one. 4? Don't try your liea on me. 1
can see through you!"
"Il> uvcns!'' gasped the beggar. "I
know I'm pretty ihin, hui 1 never
thought it was ao b id at thai!"
A \oung man with a tallowy com
plexion, blotched face and Blunder logs
called at a doctor's office to consult
" Doelor," bo Said, " I've hoard
I her 's such a I hi g as lobaoco heart,
i wish you wo ild ted mo if you ttunk
mat's what I've got."
The physician listened to a state
ment of his Symptom? iu dutail, noted
l'ie Mtiluw Blttin on his fingers aud le
?? N ?, young mau, iL isn't 'tobacco
h ini' that ails viii. hi; worse tlmt
that, ll Is cig u etie brain."?Youth's
JJefo' do W in.?? ? Honest, now.
UuOlo Kph'ra,"sdd one of young mon,
?* did \ou ovor, in all \our lifo, havens
much money as tflO at one timo?"
141 was* wulT eighteen hunYd ilt.H >rs
' a co," replied U"c o Bp'hm, stdlly.
?? j -.s as 1 stood."?Ch c igo rnbunu.
Farmers, bring or 0? nd tho fruits of
your lubora to tho .State Fair at Colum
bia, Oct. 28th to Nov. 1st, and you
need not oxciuitn, as many aro heard
to do every year, ?'l can beat that."
There are 30/>00 text Ho workers In
Pah Ulver operating H 000.000 spindlos
O .A. ? ?x- <:> 3?. X jOl. .
floarsthe /) The Kind You Haw Always Bought