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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, January 22, 1902, Image 1

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CHILD I,AHOIl AT
THB COTTON MII,I,S,
The Mill Men Protest Against a
Law With Qualifications and
Pavor Compulsory Education.
Tbc following memotiol ha* been
presented to iho Ueneral A-^cinhly :
To t'm Senators and Members of tbo
linn i' of lt<-prcacuuiliv< a ol Hit
St iti' ? f S >mh Carolina :
At a meeting < t tint Text 1 i M.tnu
factureis if s mh Carolina, held at
Oroenville, S. C, on Sept. lO, Mini,
the following icsoltitioii wan adopted:
"That a committee of live ?hall be
uppoiii'id from thin body who shun
add>e--K an open letter to ibe LegisltfS
turo ii in 1 ihn coudit onn existing in
the mill villages, and [explaining what
tbo mill oorptirado a havo done and
are doing fertile advancement of tlx
education of their employes. They
aha'l also deprecate any legislation
upon The question of child labor, as
unncce.Hsary and ahull appear before
? he Lei^i 1 iture aa repre?entalives ol
the mill intereats of tho State. They
shall request, however, that if tbo Leg.
hlaluie in iia judgment feels that it
liiU8t Cimet some child labor law, that
the age limit lie fixed at tin years fur
day wurk, and that the employment Of
nnuora under 12 years of ngo at night
after 10 o'clock bo prohibited.
44 They shall unje most emphatically
upon the Legislature the necessity ol
cumpulHory educatiou in this State."
The question ot the advisability of
legislation affecimg the employment ol
minors in nulls bus been before the
legislature ol ihis S'nto for the pa-t
never. 1 session* and the question has
been very generally considered. In
view of these fuels, und of the fuel that
there is no organization timm-g-u the
mill men of tue Stale, bo thai tbeii
views could be made known, a nn-.oi
ing of the textile mauufaetureis of the
Slate Was caded on Sept. 10th, by cer
taiu manufacturers, tbat consideration
might bo bad of the subjecl.
The question was caro'ully confid*
ered in this meeting, und as a result
the resolution above staled was adopted.
No one can deny the unfortunate re
sult of the employment of children of
tender years iu labor of any kind. Such
employment is nevertheless often a
neeewary result of poverty. The agri
eultuial interests of the btnlo have hot
in recent years afforded to the ton
ant classes a living rove uo. The re
sult of this is that they are in many
sections iu an impoverished condition,
and have sought the mills as a menus
of obtaining a bettor liviug.
Coming to the mills without resour
ces, and yet unskilled in mill labor,
these people are often lor a time forced
to put iuto employment witlun the mill
walls, those children whom they had
previously accustomed to work upon
their farms. Granting that such labor
on the farm is not as continuous or
confining as that in tho mills, it is yet
nevertheless the case ihat the principal
cause why It has not previously attract
ed the same aticn?ou as has tho em
ployment of child^pHr in the mill vil
lages is simply for wie reason that the
population is more concentrated iu the
hiti.er. and attention is more especially
directed to tho fact of tho employment
Of children.
The mills generally have recognized
tho evil tendency of child labor, when
using this expression in tho senso of
employment of children of ago nn -nit.
ed to labor. They have and do die
courage the employment of such child
ren. They have-established, and sup
port scboels for many mouths in the
year, at a very considerable expense to
themselves, and encourage the atten
dance of children 'upon these schools.
They have aided in the establishment,
or have established and maintained
churches and Sunday echools, as also
libraries and places of entertainment
and amu-ement. But whilst making
efforts .to improve the condition of the
mill population, the managements of
the mill properties, being in a position
to be conversant with the facta attend
ing individual families, know that in
many cases the employment of child
ren of a younger age than would other
wise be desired, is necessary.
Kven before any agitation upon the
question of child labor the mills in suc
cessful operation had used their efforts
to ehcourago the withdrawal of younger
children from tho mills, apd procure
tluiir attendance upon schools.
Vfe'are pleased to say that tho people
cases cooperated in this direction. Tho
proof of this lies in the fact that un
questionably tho best conditions in the
mill v\illagts as to means of mainten
ance of family, the attendance, on
schools, (led general evidence of more
prosperous condition is U? bo found iu
the mill villages of several years estab
lishment as contrasted with newly or
communities had in most
gantzed communities.
The manufacturing Interests Cttu
l>oiut With pride to the ben. llcicnt ef
forts of nanny of the manufacturer* to
improve the conditions c f those in
their employ ; and they believe that uu
examination of the mill village* will
prove this interest on tho part of the.
manufacture!*, and the appreciation
of b'lh tbo necessity ami desirability
of improving tim conditiou of tbo em
ployea.
With the ftfcpmbnyerecited hi view,
the, textile manufacf u crs ol ihe Stale,
wltilxt fully lecogniaing ihe misfortune
both to the Individual und to tin; coin
inunity of the ? mplo) ine .t ot children
of too youthful uu age, believe that ihn
/records of the mnnufiicsurera show thai I
these conditions are heilig impmvexf,
and That tho improvement will con.
Upon. The milt community giving ihe
gfcttatost advantage a to ita umpioyua ta
the way of ?cbo< li, churches, M^ric
,nml pltif*'? ol t ntci tainnienl, it go.tig
TW^Uract |o ih-clf the ni<?-i Intelligent
labor. Her such conditiona a nulluni
eowpettiinu among corpora! i< im for the
host labor will force thoae who might
otttorwino not ho willing to coma to the
ir&proved conditions, tu do so.
'HuniK con ve.i Bant with tho populi-J
linn, and whh the nems?ltn*? and op?
pertoniiici? (>r these In iheir ctni 1 >y,
we b? liovo the manufactures me bcsl|
able to exert a prope Influencofln the 1
inducement* of education. Thoio.iuli
of arhltiary legislation would be f? It
not bo much hy i Mir cMshlhthcd mill*
as by the ne#dy established, and not
ftomuih even by these latier a* by
Iba'- portion.'iff' our population who,
man distress und misfortune, have been
forc#l to seuk mill life, nnd uro not
yet prepared to support themselves
without the lab >r of their ohlldreu.
Wo believe ii is un unfair coasldii r
atiou to speak of the proportion of illlt
it ite iu any mill community. An eX?
atntn.'itioit of conditions v% ii 1 prove, that
thiu iPltcrayy hit* occurred prior to the
coming of^lhu employees to the nulls.
Th? record's will show that as full a
percentage of mill children are attend
ant upou school as nuy oiln r. class of
working peopfo within the bounds of
the State, indeed wo say with cer
tainty that a larger porccntugc of mill
children aro at school than can i*;uaily
he found even in villages.
'The return of the (?6 mills included
in the tabulated statement referred to,
show that there arc williin I heir com*
.nunitics'.).'{ churches valued at $159,
?r)00, outside of churches situated in
towns.
iOf tbo nbovi amount the companies
I have contributed $8<2,r>95>' towards the
erection, and thuy moreover assist in
tho inaintenunce of lie B)Cilurehes and
Sunday schools to too annuml ot
$5,4S:i
It appears further that those namo
corporations ate paying tbo il mill lax
towards the education of tho com inn
nity, $44,802.10, and in tho way of
special aspossrueuta cr special coutri
hntions $27,?l'J 14 additional. That
lli? poll iaxes for tho several coiniuuiii
ties amount to $7,004, thus making a
total of over 8^0,000 contributed by
these mill eommuniltes towards cduf.
eatiou of the people, and of thc;ir own
employes*
They have invested in school build
ings $74,076; in sohoil equipment
$11,180 All the schools with a single
exception have free tuition, mil the
average term has beeo 8 <Sl> months, or
twice that, of the other pottions of the
S ale, hcco:dii'g t>? tho lepoil of the
superintendent of education. Tiie to
lul enrollment u nlor these sehn. U has
been (hiring the p ist y :u f 7,431 Chit.
dr> n, with the average attendance of
8,74k With such llgurOs it dries seem
tint', fair minded men lunst l>o im
pressed with iho .fuel thai tho manufac
ture! s are doing iheir best to educate
the children in their mill vtiligos an I
to relieve, so far as practicable, Iho
unfortunate results of child lubor.
It is to be regretted that tho agita
tion for legislation upon this subject is
coming, to a 1 irgo extent, from labor
unions. ? If any employe of a orp "ra
tion is truly anxious to remedy the
evils of employment of children of too
youthful an age, their efforts can behest
directed towards assisting the manu
facturers to accomplish the results de
sired. The truth lo that libor unions
have seen an opportunity of availing
themselves of public sentiment in or
der to strengthen themselves in the
public estimation. Wc would si e with
regret that passage of any legislation
which would be (apparently a recog
nition of labor unions within the
State.
The cfTect of labor legislation has
not been in other countries, or in other
sections of this country, couducivc to
an improved condition of the poople,
or to success in manufacturing. Kur
land is now so hampered by such un
fortunate legislation that she is losing
her trade in mapfaotutes.
Now Kugland is in many section?
handicapped in like manner. So much
so, that a lew years ago her represent
atives iu Congress orideavond to enact
an amendment to the constitution of
the United States for the avowed pur
pose of hampering Southern labor,
which, free from shackling laws and
tyrannical unions, is undermining her
supremacy in cotton manufacturing.
We believe that much of ihc agitation
in the South in favor of labor legisla
tion is brought ah >ut by labor unions
in Now England, aided and allotted
by Now England manufacturer* seek
ing to stillo. Somborn enterprises.
Tbeje is no demand for legislation of
this character, by the vast majority of
those employed within the mills of the
State. Almost without exception auch
employes protest against interference
and ask to be lot alone.
The advocates of this hill claim that
tho working of children :n tho onII ia
injurious to tho public in that when
such children become grown thoy avi
mentally, morally aud physically un
suiicd for tho duties of citizenship.
We believo tho standard cili.sonslnp
within the mill villages is tho equal of
that in other communities of tho State.
However lhal may be, a compulsory
educational law will'effect tho villages
as well as other sections of. tho State,
and tbo unnnimous deaire of tbo man
ufacturers as expressed above, ia foi
the enactment of such a law as Will
onablo them lo carry out effectively
what thoy have been trying to do for
years, to wit: encourage attendance
upon the schools. Without tho com
pulsory school law the enactment of
any child labor law will bo of little
value. Wo believe now that there if*
leas ignoranco among children raiwd
at cotton mills than tboso at farms iso
lated and distant from school*, espe
cially so when it is- considered thai
within tho mill villages tho schools run
about nine months in the year, and in
the country from three to livo months.
Wo append a printed table showing
returns irom ?? mills out of 117 in tin
State, for iho purposo of Showing
what is being done by the mills in the
matter of educating their employes.
AH the mills in the State were re
quested to answer these question*; bin
many of thorn being new iu.Hh, lu<>
not established schools, and did act
answer in time for publication. Tin
replies of all who replied wilhio time
havo been piin'e.d.
,i,\s Ii Quit.
Kf. A. mmytii.
,1 H, MONTIIOMI' IIY,
/ .1. JJ. CI.KVKI.ANI>. i
Ij. W. i'AIMv Kit.
_._ ?- ? >.-._
llo lo?ko'l despairingly into vaeancv.
" I hayo bad iny iiii-*i<lviiut8,n ho Mid
Inn dull and pasMmiicss ynjUe, "but
now I au? .-uro. Your la'iigrh shows
me you aro utterly heartless."
She turne.?: pah-.
" Hcavcnsl" she orh <l it\ terror, "ihd
I open my mouth as wide as tl at?'*
CABTOSIXA.
Stan Um _s9 Ihe Kind You Have Alwajg BaqU
I Mllllltlll>IHIIIIIII?HI?l.IIIHUIIIIIi^
indigestion
: dyspepsia
biliousness
; and the hundred and one simi- j
I lar ills caused by impure blood |
i or inactive liver, quickly yield
i to the purifying and cleansing
: properties contained in
I Johnston's
SareapariUa
QUART BOTTLB.
? It cures permanently by acting
i naturally on all organs of the
i body. Asa blood-cleanser, flesh
i builder, and health-restorer, it
i has no equal. Put us in Quart
Bottles, and sold at $i each.
"THD MICHIOAN DRUO COMPANV,"
Detroit. Mich.
!q TakaUvcrettesfor Liver Uu. jsc q
For Sam by I he L\ur??m D-upr Com
IVUiv, IjHU-erta.'S. C.
FROM A BACHELOR'S VIEW.
Age withers the body but blossoms
?he heart.
Plan too Ic friendship between tho
sexes is as likely as temperate dipso
mania
Immortality doesn't always mean
immodesty any more than i..imodesty
alwuy means immortality.
come people seem lo nourish the
Rorpi nt with the idea that it may come
In ban ly to bite somebody elso.
The average woman's idea of being
well-dressed is to have other >>omen
wonder how she can afford it.
The early bird catches a cold stoking
up the furnace in the cellar.
The drink that drowns your sorrow
waleis your bed. of thistles.
When a man is at tho end of his
arguments ho swears; a woman cries.
More people look ahead to success
ten thousand limes over than look back
at it.
Tho woman who smokes and likes it
is ns rare as the man who doesn't drink
and likes not to.
Drain power and refinement of in
tellect move in inverse ratio.
After you have learned to unlearn
you are in a lair way of learning to
learn.
It is hard for a fat woman to think
that her thinner sister is not so out of
pure malice.
A woman always feels that tho way
to improve her husband's health is to
make some change in the weight of his
underwear.
It i? oi ly in 1 Minks that a man loves
a woman so much bo would be willing
to let some other man have her if it
Wuiild make her happier?Now York
Press.
Uaui) on TUB Son-in Law.?The
Chicago Chronicle says:
One of the most charming racon
teurs in Milwaukee society is Mrs.
Thomas 11. Howies. She is a Georgian
and knows the negro dialect to perfec
tion. Nothing could be more finished
than her darkey stories. Here is one of
her best:
A young man was telling anccdalcs
to a circle and one of his lisleuors was
his mother-in-law. He related one
about a funeral. A woman had died.
Tho undertaker at tho close of the ser
vices ut the house said to tho beroaved
husband:
" You will ride in tho first carriage
with your mother-in-law."
41 I decline to rido with that wo
man," said tho widower. 44 She- has
made my lifo miserable. To rule with
her would spoil all the pleasure of tho
occasion."
All laughingly appreciated tho
humor cf tho story except tho young
man's mother-in law.
44 Why don't you 1 mgh ?" he asked.
? It was a good story."
41 Oh," she replied, 44 [ was thinking
of anothor story about a colored min
ister who prayed one day for rain, like
this:
" 4Oh, Loid, son' us a rain. Thou
knowosl dat do craps is a-spiliu'.
Thou knowcst dal do caUlo on a thou
sand hills am a ponshin1 fo' walor. Sen'
us a rain, oh Lord. Not ono oh ycr
drizzles. Sen' us a downpour, a guily
washin', a tr?r>h-llflin' rain.'
" An old mammy in tho hack part of
Iho ehuich called oiU: '? Look hyar,
parson, whuffo' yo' pray datawa\?
Why you pray for a tra&h-lifiin' rnii>?
poan' yo' 'niemhor dat I done huiy
dal tiifllu' son-in-law o' mlno last
week?' "
A well dressed and altraclivo look
ing man well known on Iho Enal Hide,
boarded a Wells street ear to como
downtown yesterday morning. Several
naon stood on tbo hack platform, and
among tho number was a stranger. Ho
jga/.od admiringly at tho Hue looking
fellow fur a time, and then asked:
" Who is that swell in the end f-cat?"
? He's Mr. iUanK."
?? Ohl What s he?a spot ?"
" Why, nol He's a lawyer."
<l IMmwl" be nnsworeti diagu*ledlv.
" la lint all bo Its?1)?Milwaukee Sou
lUM l<
President Rooaevi k linn been recom
mended for ii hivvct-oolonolcy by tho
Army JJ ard of Jtrt vet Awards, of
which General Arthur lepretddeht. Tho
I'n ido it's distinguished conduct In
the pri Hence of the enemy before Han
t aim, July 2, 1HU8, is the reason i f th'?
|r commendation.
CASTOR. A
The IM You Have Always Bought
For Infants and Children.
Bears tho
SlgnaMire of
'44
PASSE? STII,I/ PROHIBITED
The Governor Vetoes Act to Re
peal nnd House Sustains 121m
Governor Mowoomry vetoed the
actio repeal iho 1 iw against officials
accepting I reo pis-es from rnil
roacla, and the House sustained his
veto by 04 to ilS, showing that a ma
jority Oiil not favor tho repeal, a If
.though the bill passed the House at its
List session. Tho ims^ngo of tho
Governor is ns follows:
To the Speaker ami Memheis of the
House of Representatives:
1 heg l?) return to you without my
appiowl net No. 12!) lo ''Repeal an net
entitled *an act to prevent the use ol
a free pass, express or telegraph t i nt k
on an) railroad by any IIi ited St iles
Semitor ov member of Congress'from
this State, or hy any nu mber of the'
General Assembly of this State, or l>>
any Stale or county ollicial, or hy any
judge of a court of record, in tins
Slat .' Apptoved December 22, A.
D. 181)1."
Tlii' act was passed at'your lust Hus
sion, but was not ratiliod and turned
o\or to ino until tho last day of tho sus
sion and, therefore, could receive no
consideration until nftor your ad
journmont.
Tho act which tho ouc under consid
eration purports to repeal was passed
in response to a popular demand to'
remove the legislator and the official,
as far as possible, Irom corporate
power and influence. It was not en
tirely a factional measure, though en
acted during tho tune when facticuul
fet ling ran high. It had the support
of uiembois of all factions at that
lime and was enacted for the public
weal I do not know of any demand
or any good reason why it bbonld be
repealed, and have therefore withheld
my approval from the ael repealing
it.
The. system of distributing freu
passes by railroads among imem
bers of ibe Legislature and other ? ? 11 i
nals boforo this act was passed pro
hibiting it was pernicious, and wbilc
1 would not for a moment be under
stood as saying or intimating that any
legislator or other ollieial, .Slate or
county, could be unduly lulluineed by
receiving a free pass, yet it should be
remembered that we are all human
and must feel kindly to thai man
or corporation, the recipient of whose
favors wo nto. These corporations
are already ver> poweiful and wield
greai Influence on legislation. v\ by
should a frank or a free pass he given
to a man as State ollieial or legislator
when it would not he thought ol so
long as be r? inaiued a private citizen.
Legislation is frequently had affect
ing Iheso corporations and laws al
ready nude afl'ectiug them have to be
executed. It is best for the public
service that the ollieial and the legisla
tor bo entirely free to act with entire
impartiality in making and executing
the laws. lie should be able at uii
times to hold the scales of justice with
nn oven band, remembering id way a the
rights of the corporations as w? 11 ns
the rights of the people. Believing
this can be belter done by not
accepting favors from the corpora,
lions, and therefore not being under
obligations to them, however small the
obligation, 1 lieg to return lo you the
repealing act without my approval and
signature Respectfully,
hi. 11. McSWKKNEY,
Governor.
The motion of Mr. Spears, of Dar
lington, to pass llic net over thy. veto
was voted upon hy the House at oiieo.
It required 83 voles to <lo this. When
tho vote was counted it was lout id
that the friends of the measuic had
lost, getting tho required figures, hut
not iu thepiopor order?Tue vote
on the motion was as follows:
Ayes?Ashley, Blveos, Blemo, Car
tor, Cooper, Cruni, D.intxlcr, Dennis.
Dodd, Doimuick, Durant, Kurd, Fs
tvidge, Fro;mnn, Gourdin, Hough,
Humphrey, James, Jarnegan, W. J.
Johnson, Kinsley, Little Lock wood,
Lylos, Mauldiu, McCall, McGowan,
JnOi McMastur, Moffelt, W. L. Parker,
l'altcison, it. 13. A. Robinson, Sea
brook, Spears, Wells, V\ eslon, Wlialoy,
Williams?38.
Nays?Stevenson, All, Bucot, Ban'ts,
llonmguaid, Brooks, Brown, Bryan,
Campbell, Coggoshall, Croft, Dean,
DeBrubl, Dorroh, Duitbar, Elder, Fox,
Fraser, Gnllucbat, Gunter, Haile,
Hardin, Hill, Hollis, I/.lnr, ?. L John
son, Kiblcr, Kinnrd, Lide, Loinax,
Mayson, McD lughlin, Meh.cod, F. II.
McMaster, Morgan, Morrison, Moses,
Moss, Nt-sbit, Nichols, Piiiice, I'yalt,
Haincsfnrd, Rankin, KichardM.ui,
Bnek'T, S'ackhoiise, {Sanders, Seigler,
J. B. Smith, M. L. Smith, Strom,
Siromnn, Tatux, Thompson, Towill,
Vtnei iH, W?lling, Weld), Weht, Wil
| sou, Wlogo, Woods, Woodward?04.
Sheriff JamusC Harvey,oi Llizorh?
County, is believed to be the- sirongist
mHU in Pennsylvania. He thinks
nothing of picking up a whole beef and
wi Iking around with it, and docs the
same iufrig witb a horso. He hns
born known to lako a fair-sized inau
in either hand and hobt ihem over his
head
Senator Wnrrcti, although at piesctt
surrounded hy nil the luxury ol- ti e
pMH|icrou < m t , ctelliflits in telling sto
ries of the (jiays wh-ii his t> ;<1 wash
pin*- hoi, lllh'il with hat, in mi atl c,
i.nd when h? Im to g> t tip every mom
ing ai il oMock, Iced the C w , a. Hi a |
loiof wo id before hteaftfaal an i tl.eu
w.i k throe miloa to school.
It is rat I for early in ihn season f< r
the pcnch cn-p id he kill d, but whni
appears to ho enroltidy gutnortd ni.d
senii-ollicial inform ition from the
I Mich'gan peacb country U lo tho < ffect
thai the trees, which product (I 800,000
buihil? of the froil bist reason, were
prac.ticilly ruined b*v ?tm recent freczo.
Over i,(l()0 ?hei p were tski'ii from
Moulnnu to Lansing, Mich'., last week
lo be fed tboio on sugar bcel refuse..
C?ufV.I??X'<CJ>3=l.I-A.
Bmh th? Tlio tyid You Have Always BougM
LOCAi, OPTION WAS KlIvLBD
The Friends ot the Dispensary
Defeated the Measure in the
I House.
The first second-re&diufi I? ll ? u Ibe
calendar was Mr. Saudeis1 to allow
counties to vote ?>n the establishment
or removal of dispensaries. Mr.
Tut um moved to recommit iho hin.
He spoke at length against it as direct
ed as u hlow nguiust iho dispensary.
Mr. McGowan saw in this hill the j
disintegrating process which would re- j
snh in the Dual overthrow of the dis
bensary.
Mr. Djrrob?Do \ou mean by that
admission that yo'i are afraid lo trust
this matter lo tho people?
Mr. McGowan replied that bo would
not trust them with local option. It Is
un-wi-o to have tbo people, churches,
fannies perennially stirred up, and the
mau? i- is now settled. The dispensary
law is effective only as a police regula
tion, and a police regulation must
apply to the whole Mate.
Mr. Tow ill, of Lexington, said that
the people are satisfied with the dis
pensary.
Mr. Henry B. Hichardson thought
the measure fraught with great danger
in opening a way lo elections. We
utinnol satisfy all of the people. Either
tie dispensary has decreased drunken
ness or jusl al Ihe lime it was started
amoral uplifting came upon the peo
ple, fjr conditions are belter. What
?s advocated as local op ion for coun
ties might be advocated for the lowu
8hip and where would it end?
Mr. Cooper, of Laurens, wauled to
know why this Opposition to the bill?
Are the dispensary people, who are iu
ireuched, not willing for the people to
say what they wain? He had favored
lolling each county govern the dispen
sary m its own way and be bad been
sustained in the caiuimiuu.
Dr. H. J. Ktnard Haid tlial if thia
law were passed Charleston woul I
v ?to the dispensaiy out ami liquor
would llow as free as the tides on the
"IT II'
Mr. Kinkier?Wei', the people of
GruehWoot) needn't come down there
and gel drowned.
Mr. Ashley?Would Charleston vot
ing out the dispensary have anything
to do with Greenwo- d?
Mr. Kinkier?if (ireenwood is now a
"dr>" county wherein i-t it bettor than
Charleston would ho without dispen
saries?
Mr. Kinard repl cd to theso several ?
questions hy saying that the town of
Greenwood is dry, hut the county at
largo favors the dispensary.
Mr. F. II. McMaster made a spirited
defense of Chaileston winch hud been '
dragged into this debate. Cliarleslon
will do what is right. Tho Stale will
not permit itself to be overrun by the
scum of the earth. He favors the dis- j
pensary, though not us at preseut
managed; The constitution merely
piovidea that liquor shall not be sold \
by the drink, lie is eternally opposed j
to the drenching of the State in blind
tiger liquor, and this 'mil would not do
that. j
Mr. Siokler also warmed up in dc
fense of Charleston. j
Dr. Kmurd slated that be did not
mean to reflect on Charloston in an op
probrious way, merely to cito Charles
ton as a county opposed lo tho dispen
sary.
Mr. Dot rob favored the bill. Each
county is best lilted to settle tho mai
ler for itself.
Mr. I/.lar, of Barn well, hod seen bar
moms, prohibition and dispensary in I
his county at different ti.nes. IIo be-j
lievea in the dispensary. Baleful in- j
fluonces Will bo brought to bear when
the queslivU is tuken to tho polls ami
prohibition may, nominally, triumph.
IIo declared that the prohibition era in
Barnwell was the most demoralizing
in its history.
Mr. Morgan, of Greenville, spoke in
favor of the bdl.
The closing argument for tho bill
was made by Mr. Sanders, the author
of the bill If there is tobe disintegra
tion, at whose hands will it bo disinte
grated ? With all of tho machinery of
tho dispensary in opeialion, if it be
voted oui by iho people, then is that
not evidence that it is objectionable to
them? If it is not objectionable, why
be afiaid of this bill? if the people of
??? county oppose a dispensary they have
no way in tho woil 1 lo got rid of it
now.
Mr. (Sunter, of Aikou,nnd Mr. M.
L. Smith, of Ker*haw, opposed ihobi 1.
The latter admitted that tue measure
is founded upon true anil good Demo
cratic doctrines, yet i* would not bo
?vise lo have this wbolu mailer opened
and tiio State thrown into turmoil.
The vole to recommit wan taken and
Ifte bill was recommitted., or virtually
killed, by the lollowing vote:
Yoas?Speaker Stevenson, All, Aus
tin, II.inks, lieatnftuafd, llivens, Ulease,
Brook i, Huller, Cirer, Coggorhall,
('nun, Dean, DeJtrubl, Domiiiick,
telird, Kider, f?strldge, Uaslon, (} .ur
din, Otinter, dalle, Ilardin, Hol I is,
(lough, Humphrey, I/.lar, James, Jur
nigan, (). L. Johnson, W. .1. Johnson,
III??Will iiIH I II II II III I ??! UllMHWM
HairSplitsl
"I have used Ayer's Hair Vigor
for thirty years. It is elegant for
a hair dressing and for keeping the
hair from splitting at the ends."?
J. A. Gruenenfelder. Grantfork, III.
Hair-splitting splits
friendships. If the hair
splitting is done on your
own head, it loses friends
for you, for every hair of
your head is a friend.
Ayer's Hair Vigor in
advance will prevent the
splitting. If the splitting
has begun, it will stop it.
It.M ? Mile. All dratxIMi.
If year <lru?rlftt rnrnwt nnppry you,
nanri lift ono riollnr nnil <vo will oxprpHH
you ? Inutlo. no ?uro i?mljtlxo tho n*iM
of yonr noar<mt?\xi>nvvi<d' < ?? Aildp-rtts
J. U. AY El* CO., Iiwftlt, Mann.
Keels, Kiblor, Kinard, Lule, Little,
Lunax, LyleS, MeCall, Mishoo, Morri
son, Motes, Mosa, Nichols, Uuiaes
fonl, Hii hardsell, Robertson, Si-igler,
M. L. Smith, Stroman, Tatum, Theas,
J. P. Thomas, Jr., Thompson, Towill,
Wolli gs Webb, Wi lls, Williams, Wil
1 son. Woods, Woodward?till.
Nays?Ashley, Itacot, Holts, Brown,
j Hryan, Celeook, Cooper, Dennis, Dodd,
! Dorroh, Duubar, Durantf Fox, Fra-icr,
Freeman, (ialluchat, Hill, Kiusey,
Lock wood, Lofton, Logan, Miuldin,
Mayaon, McCraw, F. II. McMaster,
.Inn. McMaster, Morgan, Mutchhon,
' Ncsbitt, W. L. Farkor, Prince, Pyatt,
Hnukiu, C. E. ltobinson, lluckor,
Stackhome, Saudors, Seabrook, Sink
ler, J. II. Smith, Viucout, Woaton,
Wbaloy, Winxo?45.
Mr. Sanders' bill provided (hat seo
i inn 7 of ibo dispensary law bestricken
out and a new section 7 submitted. The
j existiug section 7 provides the manner
in which dispensaries may be establish
ed, tho proposed section 7 goes further
aid provides for tho removal of those
now operating. The proposed section
7 concludes: "Any county may secure
the establishment of a dispensary or
dispensaries, or tho removal of n dis
pousary or dispensaries within its limits,
in the following manner ; Upon the
petition of one fourth of tho qualilied
voters of each county for an election
upon cither tho question of tho estab
lishment, or tho removal of dispensaries
therein being died with the county su
pervisor of euch county, he shall order
an election submitting the question of
1 dispensary ' or* no dispensary ' to tho
qunliiicd voters of auch county, which
dec lion shall be conducted us Other
special elections, and if a majority of
the ballots e tat be found and declared
lo be for dispensary, then a dispensary
may be established iu said county, but
if a majority of the ballots eusl be
found and declared to be against the
dispensary, then nodispensary shall be
established therein, and any dispensary
already es.abltshed shall be clo?cri.
Elections under Ibis section can be
held not oflcuer than once in four
years. No dispensary shall be estab
lished in any county, town or city
wherein the sale of alcoholic liquors
was prohibited prior to .July 1, 1H!).'{,
exc opt as herein permitted: Provided,
That where dispensaries have been es
tablished in such county, lown or city
they shall remain as established until
removed or i losed as permitted in this
?et."
THE VETERANS' MEMORIAL
The Plan for Establishing the Con
federate Soldiers' Home
The committeeol veterans in charge
of the Soldiers' Homo have presented
to the General Assembly the following
memorial which is of interest to every
old soldier in South Carolina:
To the General Assembly of South
Carolina:
The undersigned, a committee ap
pointed l.isL May i?y the South Caro
iina division United Confederate vet
erans, to memoralize your bouoiable
body on the subject of providing a
Confederate home for the care of tbe
needy and indigent Confederate veter
DUS of South Carolina respectfully shows
mat a resolution was unanimously
adopted at tbe convention of the South
i aroliua division United Confederate
veterans in May last, askiug that such
a soldiers' home as will properly pro
vide for needy Confederate veterans in
South Carolina be established.
They show that soldiers' homes have
already been established in I he. States
of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennes
see, (Jeorgia, Mississippi, Arkansas,
Louisiana and Texas, and that the
good olllces of those respective Slates
are being successfully and gratefully
dispensed.
They further show, judging from re
ports from the above mentioned States,
that tbo number of those who nro "tin
questionably victims of the Confeder
ate service," and have no place in the.
South to call homo, will not probably
exceed three score aud ten at the
present lime.
They also call to your attention that
the per capita expensu to bo incurred
by the Stale to be expended annually
for the maintenance will not likoly be
more than $160.00, or say a total ap
propriation for maintenance about
?10,000, and buildings will cost about
?15.000.
Without do hing to prescribo or dic
t-ilc tho location of such a soldiers'
home, but rather with a view of plac
ing before your body a complete anil
succmt suggestion for your considera
tion, we append to this memorial a
proposition emanating from tho regents
of thu South Carolina hospital for iu
H.nc, and ask your attention to the
ideas expressed therein, as well as to
certain plans of buildings submitted.
It is duo to tho rogents that in p)ao<
itig beforo you thoir suggestions, thoy
in no way expect or wish that tho ruan
Hgemcnt of tho said home should have
any sort of connection with the hospital
under their control, but to bo entirol)
separate and distinct.
Thoy respectfully submit here villi u
prepared hill1 for your consideration
with the hopo that it will nice, with
your approval.
For the proper management of tlx
p< posed soldiers' home, they r< quest
your honorable body to design.ito sov?-n
citizens representing tho seven Con
gressional districts.
They desiro that it should bo w? 11
understood that it is n a ny any iih hiik
their intention 'O fores tail applications
from otbur towns or Ollies in iho .Suite
offerlt g Ihtilr nie or locution for the
homo.
They wish further t<> nrnk j ii known
that in tho providing of a soldieia'
I ome for the very indigent and need)
( onfedcrates, it is not intooded to in
terfei e with or abridge the usu d an.
nual appropriations by the Stuie for
tho benefit of the pensioners.
The following is a co,?y of proposi
tion submitted to the G ?vornor by the
n gents of tho State hospital for ihc
ii sane:
"In view o tho ooslderalion by the
General Assembly of tbu Advisability
< f providing a bom 3 for Con rederate
' etoraus, the board of regents desire to
I resont to your oxo Honey the practi
cability of using tho tract of In- d on.
braouig al out 60 acres upon the Wat
lacn purebnae known as the Ilellcvie
Royal ?
v Absolutely Pure
Mokes the food more delicious and wholesome
_ ROYAL (HKIHO POWOER CO.. HEW VO'IK.
place. It was the im ny excellencies of
Uns imet for hospital purposes in view
of future needs of uti.s institution,
which largely in Juced tho repents live
vears ago to recommend to Governor
10vans ilie purchase of the Wi llace
pr poitv.
* Upon ihis U, ould now be begun
ii m: ic.'s dt (lurmaii i buildings adapt*
cd lo all the uses of .be veterans, t ml
i i time they could rovt i t to the regonts
lor tin-, purposes of this hospital, 1 iy
this method the. veterans would be
given euch buildings im ihcy could well
afford lo expend a larger sum upon
then c instruction than could be done
for merely temporaiy buildings.
"Should pueh a proposition commoud
itself to your excellency, and lo the
(ieueral Assembly, the regeals wish it
well understood i the beginning
that the proposed * ans' homo on
tho llellevuu place, should in every
way bo separate and distinct from the
?Slate hospital and lor the futtheranco
of this plan, the land Could be tempo
rarily transferred lo a separate hoard
of managois, with the proviso that it
should uitimaU ly revert lo our sucees
ors in the regency."
MR, DAVIS ANDTHU OLD BELL
The Confederate Chieftain Took
a Lost Look at the Liberty
Bell.
We never hoar of tho Liberty JSell
that wo do not think of tbe iuhinl jour*
ney it made through the South, just
Beveolee? jears ego. At that time its
destination was New Orleans, where
the Cotton B'xpi silio:i of the South
was in progress, and tbe people of this
sic ion, for (be Ural limn, behold the
great tocsin which sounded the rcvoln
li hi just as the bells of Pans sum
moned tbe freemen to the standard of
Lafayette.
Jn Jauuary, iss?, the Liberty Hull
was borne through the lowlanus ol the
gulf and halted for a mom. ut beneath
the pines and magnolias of Mississippi
Sound. The air was sharp and cutting
for that sunny clime, and, among those
who went out to see this eloquent mes
senger of a historic past, was an elder
ly gentleman, feeble ami lust neuring
his su h year. T!io bell bad been de
tained at RouUvoir long enough for
this aged and distinguished man to
greet it. The crowd teil back as ho
ncared the ear and Watched him as he
uncovered in the presence of tins mute
symbol of independence lie himself
hud tilled a huge itllglo in the public
c)o. Sprung from Revolutionary an
cestors, he hail fought, under the old
Hag and lofl his blo -d upon the Holds
of Mexico. lie had hcc.i a Senator of
tbe United Slates fro.u Iho Siate of
Mississippi and bad occupied the Olllco
of Secretary of War.
His position was now in retirement
and his life was in the past. Hs had
not so much as a vote in the village
election. The Statutes of the United
Stales bad expressly excluded him
from all hope of public amnesty. There
was n0o6 loo poor politically to do him
honor. He bad not assisted in Inter
national functions for a quarter of a
century, and yet tbe committee bear*
ing the Liberty H. 11 from Philadelphia j
to New Orleans summoned .Jefferson
Davis from a sick bed and carried him
into its Inspiring pre-enco. It was a
historic scene, mid one worthy of a
national selling in the Hall of Fame.
He Spoke j and his voice was tremulous,
ilo announced his physical infirmity,
but declared that ill as ho was be could
not stay at home when that glorious
old bell was at the station. He said:
" 1 thank jou and your association
for sending- mo notice and trust that
your anticipation of the harmonizing
tendency of this journey of the boll
acres the States of the Union, some
ot which hud m tspiung into existence
when its tones first tilled the air, may
in every respect he realized. I think
that the time litis come when passion
should lie BUhjcclod to reason ami
when men who have fought in support
of then* lu ncsl COIIVIClionS should do
justice to each other. Yon Sacred
lo'gan gave voice lo the proudest de?
I cl trillion that a handful of men ever
milde, h r they faced the greatest mili
tary power of the globe. That hand
ful of men declared lo all the world
I their inalienable lights and staked life,
liberty, and properly in defense of
tin declaration. Then it was with
your clear notes you -cut notice lo all
who were willing lo hvo or die for
liberty and lelt that iho day was at
hand when every patriot must do a
patriot's duty. (iloi ions old hell! the
*oii 11 a Ituv. luilohuiy soldier l> ,ws in
reverence to yor, worn by linae, but
Incrua-jug in sacred rue mono? I
"Mr. President," said .kfforaoji
I) ivis in conclusion) -'accept my
thanks, which flrn lieutd it and sin
r*h gtvcii.'' ? .?av.iiimih Press,
Senator lit it fehl is fond of Gorman
oookliig. There is a Iii lie, ruautuiuut
near tin; Capitol thai tie pant) dzos
frequently. The Other day tin: place
Changed hands, and the S nut ?r was
greeted bv a stranger when he went in
tor a 1 inch.
i What, have you g ?t tO-da) ?," he
I asked.
I have p'g'n f?*? t. laiub fl tongue,
boar'* head,deviled kidney a "???
??Stop I" thundered lue Senate*. " 1
don't cnro atvuii your iiiinicut?; I came
in boro to cat."?Bnllimoro Mown.
?? Ych, ho was a-rcBted fur running
an Mogul litundry."
?f Nonsense. What's an il egal
laundry/"
?? .V (itCO whoro tlioy ?viah tin cm
cell limn mi ki fr > n |?m.?i.-c ^ in
i?Olevcliind Plain Doaler.
if _ m
IN A HUMOROUS \EIN.
Johnson: " Whftl mokes you think
thai olcctrici'y was in uso before tlio
Hood?"
Jackson: ?? Why, didn't Noah have
atk light?"
" May, you'ii- jusi making a fool of
that mun!"
" Nothing of Hie kind. It was only
last, night that he told me he was self
nmde."
" li.iw do you like my new waist?''
sho e.oylv asked.
"Very pretty, indeed," he answered:
14 hut 1 sic a wrinkle in it Unit 1 will
press out it yon will let me."
Muggins: " I cannot grasp the idea
of etei uity."
Buggins: " Hasn't yuur wife ever
called to you when you were going out
thai she would he leady in just a
minute?"
Mr. Manley: 11 Well, my dear, I've
had my life insured for $?,?OO."
Mrs. M.: ?* How very sensible of
you! Now, I shan't have to keep
telling von to he so careful every place
you go."
" Amelia," faltered the young man,
"I lovo you."
"Oh, Uorbort 1" she said, clasping
her hands together. 41 What a long,
long tune it has taken you to say sjI"
Mrs. Ilauakecp: " You needn't
deny it, Delia; I saw you permit that
policeman to kiss you last night.*'
Delia: " Av ooorao, ma'am. Sliure,
you wouldn't have me resist an ollieer,
would ye ?"
Hanson? There was a time I couldn't
abide Pugloigh; but I declare it be
hasn't become really agreeable of late.
Trysier?You don't menu it!
Hanson?Yes; he hasn't called at my
pi ice for a mouth or two.
She: " Aral I am really and truly
the first girl you ever kissed ?."
He: "Do you doubt il, darling?"
She: " Yes, your manner sivors of
long experience."
He: 11 How do you know it does?"
Mrs. 'Pumpkins ?" I) ?? you think
your son's life is blighted by that cruel
girl?"
Mrs. Simpson?"Oh, no; Archibald
is loo much infatuated with himself to
he seriously injured by any external
love affair."- -Detroit Free Press.
Hostoll Traveler: "Sympathy," re
marked tho man who gels sour,
"doesn't do the slightest good in the
world."
" t'hon why did you lisloil to it?"
"Oh, there is no use in being ill
natured. It always seems to please
the person who is extending it."
" Do you remember that young man
you had your eye on when I was hero
throe years ago, dear?"
j "Oh, yes; I leineiuber."
" Have you got your eye on him
yet?"
"Oil, my, no! I married him. you
know, and 1 can't keep my eye ou him
now."
In making the announcements to bis
congregation recently, an Episcopal
minister, whose parish <s not more
than a thousand miles from San Fran
cisco, said:
" ltoinuinbor our communion service
uexi Sunday. Tho Lord is with th in
tho forenoon and the bishop in the
evening."
('holly? What was tho result of you1'
interview with Miss Bullyil'S father
'?st uighl?
Percy?I t win a walk-over for inc.
Uholl) ? Ah! Allow me to congra
Inlate you.
Percy- Don't do it. The old man
simply walked all over mu.?OllHJRJJo
News.
"This is tough lick," said Ham,
mournfully, as lie leaned out over the
s ilo of the ark.
? What's wrung now?" queried
Shorn.
?? ?VI y, all this water to i h in," re
plied Ham, " and only two llshlu'
worms on hoard."
Nancy (trying to pick up some lest
slhchos in a stocking:) *? Oh, dear! 1
can't do this!"
" You must have patience, denr
child. Don't vou know Rome was not
nullt in a day?"
Nancy (indignantly:) If God made
heaven and earth in six days, l gm is
it dldu't lake Him more lhau twenty
minutes lo make Rome."
??Of course," said Miss Goldrox'i
lover, ?? I realize that your d.iughtor is
an liiiiiess, hut I assure you that I
would he just as anx- us to marry her
ii she were a paupor."
" Thai si tiles you," replied her fail -
er. 11 We don't want any such fool is
thai in the family."?1'uil idclplna
Press.
Fx Congressman Cahie, of Illinois,
Inn a charming young daughter who is
receiving her education in Franco,
j When sho was several yoars youngor
than she is now her father took her on
his knee one day and said to her:
"To-day n man asked me if 1 would
not sell Ml He brother. He said ho
would give me a whole room full of
gold. -Shall I let him havo little broth
el ? '
Tho. ch'1'1 shook hoy head.
??Hm," persisted hir father " think
how much money this room full of
g. id would be. Think how mtny
Illing? you could buy with it. I) n't
I you think I d belter let tho man have
I little brothei?"
I '-No," md tie darghtei: -'let's
I keep him till he's older. He'd bo
1 wo.-lh more then."

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