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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, February 12, 1902, Image 1

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THB HOUSE KXI,X#3D
CllIJvD UBOR Blhl,
The Majority Against the Measure
Was Exceedingly Narrow.
Tho following gives tho prcccedingo
in the Ilouao when the bill lo prohibit
child labor in the cotton mills was de
feated:
Tho child labor bill did not conio up
until a quarter lo twelve. Tho ques
tion was " Sha'.l the bill pass second
readiug, and bo ordered to a thud?"
Mr. Ashley made tho first speech on
the question. Is it right, he asked, to
say lhat men aro uot competent or
should not control heir own families?
Thero is auothcr question. The rent
era in Iho country, a lot of them,
. couldn't making a living on tho farm
and thoy moved to a town to work in
the factories and make a living nud pay
their debts. Ia it right to say lo them
that their children shall not work in
tho mills? There are in the mills in
Anderson people who aro as good as
any member of this House. The prin
ciple of this hill is wrong.
Thero tiro people from Massachu
setts who are urging this bill. Tho
labor unions aro urging it. There aro
no labor unions in his section and they
have no strikes up there. Hero, in
Columbia, whore they have unions,
they havo strikes and strife. Thero L
not a man iu tho cottou mills who
would not send his children to school
if he could afford it.
Bad crops bad run people into tho
mills. Families had gono lo tho mills
barefooted. Tho mill president had
actually put shoos on their feet ami
given them woik to do.
Ho has a hundred cousins in the
mills in this State. lie has eight cous
ins on the Kichland mill hill. He had
questioned thorn ami he had seen but
one niau there wir; lavored this bill,
and he had been in the strike nnd hud
moved over to tho distillery and Id at
work there now.
He told of ono of his tenants who
had moved from tho farm, where ho
couldn't make ends meet, cud with the
aid of tho work of his children In the
factory he had been able to buy him
a hom ? in <nwn ami a little farm; and
all ot this man's children can read and
write.
Mr. Ashley said ho had started lifo
as a hireling, draining ditches in tho
swamp. What would havo become of
him if ho had not been ablo to havo
worked his children? And thero is as
much right to apply this principle to a
farmor as to i factory operative. He
loves the poor people of his country
and would go down, if go down ho
must pleading for them and lor their
liberty. "Equal rights to nil," he con
tended. He hoped this bill would be
killed so dead it would never bo resur
rected .
Tho opposition to this bill has conic,
principally, from (?rcer"ille and An
derson. But now Spartanburg had a
representative to oppose the measure.
This waft Capt. Dean, who said he
wanted to discuss the bill iu n practical
way. As a census taker he had visited
the homes of mill people?the Tucapau
mill on Tiger river. He found some
had mcc homo? while others were
slovenly. The officer of that mill arc
humane and kind. The opeinlivcs of
the mills of South Carolina cannot be
compared with tho operatives of the
North and tho managers of mills in tho
South cannot ho compared with tho
mill ollicials North.
The operatives of the North are for
eigners who havo no rospect for law
and order. In tho South some of the
beet blood of the Stato has worked in
mills. Somo of his own grandchildren
had worked in mills, and ho had always
considered himself a thoroughbred.
(Laughter.)
The people who can't make onds
meet on the farms aro frequently forc
ed to go to tho mills. Some of them
aro shiftless whllo others save and lay
up money. Tho danger of this legis
lation is that it cannot be enforced,
not even by the strong arm of the mili
tary law. Is this country drifting to
imperialism? That is what this bill
means.
Ho stated in reply to a suggestion
from Mr. McGowan that (ho children
working in tho mills aro far from being
oppressed He had visited the Tucapau
mill in company with the superinten
dent. They had seon a little boy
sweeping around in one of the depart
ments. The superintendent told the
little boy he bad better go home as he
was not on tho pay roll, but tho child
said that tho mother had sont the little
one thore to play and stay with his
brother as she had to bo away from
ho ne at work. That insUaco didn't
indicate cruelty or harshness.
He would not assume the garb of a
preacher, but he declared that Sabbath
desecration in the rural districts Is evon
more notlceablo than in factory vil
lages. Thero aro churches and Sun
day schools in mill communities. The
Influences and restraints aro for Ihcir
betterment.
Ho was followed by Mr. W ingo who
stated that ho represents in part oue
of the largest manufacturing sections
of the country. For six year* as a
member of the General Assembly he
had examined this question. He bud
been told by factory people that they
thiuk the Legislature could find some
thing bettor to do lhau to bo interior,
ing with the factory people. These
Eeople havo gone to the factories to
etter thoir conditions. There is tal
ent there which would do credit on the
ficor of tho Homo. The factory people
resent the intim tiion that they haven't
sense enough to manage their own
children. They know whothor ihoy
want legislation or not, and they will
show their resentment when tho time
comes.
Hr. Wtago continued that (ho mill
people have good Sunday schools. He
had visited one in which 500 children
were assembled, lie had been aston
ished to learn that 41 of them had1
never beca in a Sunday school before
they wont to, the mill district. Mr.
Wiogo's speech was in his character
istic style, aud was received with at
tention.
After Mr. Wlngo's measured, spon
daic sentences, there was quite a con
trast with the rapid-lire utterances
When Mr. Spears, of Jlarlb ton, got
the ll-ior. lie spoke rapidly, earnestly
aud with effect. He declared that he
had opposed this hill labt year, hut
sinco that time he had gone home and
found tho conditions to he quite differ
ent from what he had suspected. I lo
declared that around every null com
munity are drunken, idle fathers who
buy drink with the money earned in
the mills by their little ones. Talk
about liberty ! God Almighty never
intended that a child should be con
lined in a cotton mill. That is not '
liberty. He declared that if 500 chil-1
drcn should bo brought before hiru he j
could pick out tho ones who'work in!
factories.
Mr. Williams, of Lancaster, opposed
tlie bill. He bp \ given ii mure study
than any olhe measure which had
come up within the last six years. He
had visited many mills. He fjund
thai people who have ski' -uid compe
tency never work their < neu. Il is
the ** ne'er-do-well" who caunot eke
out a miserable existence on tho faun
who works his children :*.! the mil's.
They have gouo there ragged and hun
gry, they have gone there and 1 avo
gotten woik and comfortable quarters.
1 It is pitiable indeed that childft n must
work, but if they be driven out where
in God's name can thoy go? If yo'l
drive thorn "Hit of the mill where they
mnko a miserable living, how can they
get education when they cannot get
existence? lie would vote for no bill
which would givo neither education,
nor clothes nor food. It is I rue that
tho mill children are wan, butil is also
true of the children of tho leuant cl-iss
in tho back country. The bill will not
drivo the brute out of a man. It will
not make him work. The man who is
brute enough to make his children
work in the mills while ho stays drtlUK
is brute enough to let them starve. Mr. !
Williams ppoko with an earnestness
very mm kod.
Mr; Ma,)son, of Hdg Ii>. 1? 1, doclnrcd
that lie had opposed iho tiill last year
because lie had beeil misguided. Since
then he had informell himself and he
is now heartily iu lavor of the bill, for
good citizenship, for the menial and
moral conditions an?, ''or humanity.
Mr. C. 12. Bobinson at this point
made the milion t> IndeQnitoly post
pone the liill. This was not a debata
ble motion, yet several advocates of the
bill have not been beard. The motion
Was put and the House went on re
cord as follows:
Ayes?(opposed to tho bill)?Messrs.
Ashley, A 1, Austin, Hanks, Brown,
Bryan, Butler, Campbell, Carter,
Coggeshall, Colcock, Dautzler, l)?!:in,
Jlenuis, Dodd, Dorroh, Durant, F*t
ridge, Fox, Fraser, Qalluchat, HjIIis,
Humphrey, James, (). L. Johnson,
Keels, Kinard, Lillllo, Lock wood,
Lomax, Lvlos, Mauldin, MCOall, Mo
Uowan, Moffeit, Morgan, Moses, Nes
bet, Nichols, \V. H. Parker, Prince,
Pyalt, Kaukin, C. E. llobinson, H. B.
A. Uobinson, Ruckor, Stack house,
Seabrook,Thompson, W?lling, Weih,
Whaloy, Williams, Wingo?04.
Xays ? Speaker Stevenson and
Me ers. Bacot, Boamguard, Blvons,
Bleue, Bolls, Brooks, I? stick, Croft,
Crum, DeBruhl, Dunbar, Elder, (ias
ton, (iourdin, Ilailc, Hill, Hough, 1/ltir,
Jarnigao, Kinsey, Lide. Logan, May
son, McCtaw, McLaughlin, McLood,
F. U.MoMaster, John MoMaster, Mis
hoo, Morrison, Moss, Murcluson, W. L,
Parker, Patterson, Rainsfotd, lllchards,
Richardson, Robertson, Sanders, Seig
ler, Sinkler, M. L. Smith, Stromau,
Tatum, J. 1'. Thomas, Jr., W. J.
Thomas, Towill, Webb, West. Weston,
Woods?52.
An Indianapolis correspond! nl says
thai Mrs. Benjamin Harrison, in whose
interest tlio matter of a $3,000 pension
has been agitated at Washington on
the ground that she in the widow of an
ex-President, ha3 notified her friends
that she doos not caro to have the mat
ter pressed, and no further effort will
be made in that direction.
There is a suit before tho courts of
Virginia which was begun as long ago
as 171)7, but the llichmond Times says
there is now prospect of it speedy set
tlement. It is tho case of tho Dismtl
Swamp Land Company vs. Anderson
and others, und the stun originally in
volved was about ?50,000.
A Chicago woihan is suing her bus
band fordivoico because ho compels
her to livo in Chicago.
now
strong
Arc
YOU?
The dial of the punch
ing machine won't
answer that question.
Strength depends oh
nutrition, when the
stomach and other organs ?f 'digestion
and nutrition are diseased, the liody fails
to receive its full supply of nourishment
and hence grows weak. That is why no
man is stronger than his stomach.
Dr. Pierced Golden Medical Discovery
cures diseases of the stomach and the
allied organs of digestion and nutrition.
The foodeaten is then perfectly digested
and assimilated and tue body is mc.de
strong in the only possible way?by nu
trition.
*Iwm troubled with Indigestion for about two
yearn," writes Win. Bowker, Kftq., of Jullnetta.
I,atah Co., Idaho. ?I tried different doctor* and
remedies but lo no avail, until 1 wrote to you
mid you told nie whnt to do. I suffered with a
pain in my stomach mid left side mid thought
that It would kill me. Now I am glad to write
this .Mid let you know that I am nil right. I Can
do my work now without pniu and I don't have
that tired feeling that I used to have. I'ive tw>t
tlcM of Dr. rlercc's Golden Medical Discovery
?ml two vials of his * Pleasant rellets* cured
me."
Dr. Pierce'* Pleasant Pellets stimulate
the liver.
BIW, ARP AND THE ARDENT,
It is Difficult to Keep People
From Drinking ?He Quotes
Scripture.
Atlanta Constitution.
1 was ruminating about this littlo
unpleasantness that is going on
amongst our neighbors at Homo. My
comfort is that it is not as big a thing
as they think it is and will suon pass
away. After the election is over tho
leaders will apologize all round and
make friends and the dear people have
time to t(-fleet and wonder what fools
the leaders m?de of them. A friend
writes me that there is nothing in it
but ling politics?who shall run the
machine, who shall have the oflloes.
Whisky is the background, hut the
main thing is ofllce. As Leonard Mor
row once said at a public epuaklng,
?? Hoys, don't let 'em fool you. They
are just side wiplu' round hum iu'. the
oi thography of a lilt le otllce.'' Carllt lo
said, ? England has a population of
.?10,000,01)0? tostly fools," ami ju?t fO
liiere are enough foold in ev< rv ooumy
or community t > elect a man it lie can
get lliem all. He is pretty safe if be
ciui get u majority* of them.
I 4i Dispensary or no disponsaiy,"
i that is the question that is now stirring
Homo and Floyd County. Well, we
know all about it hero in Carlcrsvil'o,
for we tried saloous for years and they
! did so raueh harm we abolished them
'< aud they will never come hack here
! again?never. Now wo are trying the
dispensary; in fact, we h ve two of
them, ?nein Home and 1..0 other in
Atlanta. We wouldn't have one in our
town or county for anything. The
farther off the bolter. The easier
whisky is to get tueiuoro will ho drank.
Diwson, in Terrell County, has bud a
dispensary for nearly four years. The
sales for tho first year were $'20,0110.
The second year were #'10,(JU0, tho
third year $50,000 and the present year
wi'l ptohuhly run to $75,000 You see,
it takes the boys some time lo lind out
how easy it is to get it, but the con
sumption goes on aud on, increasing
and the people take comfoit in that the
profits increase their school fund PI id
lessen their taxes. No matter if It im
provorisbos the, poor and makes drunk
ards of their young men. That is of
no consequence.
Now, our dispensaries aro most loo
near. I wish that the consumers had
to get their supplies from Cincin
nati or Baltimore. That would cut the
jug business down one-half at least.
The common people couldn't wait so
long and so nobody but uncommon
people ws uld get any hardly. It would
be a long time between drinks, as the
Governor of North Carolina said to tho
Governor of South Carolina. Thero is
bound to be some drinking going on if
they knew that the world was floing to
be burned up tomorrow. "Ali wo can
do," said a good man to me yesterday,
"is to make it hard to get and rogulate
its sale and consumption." This man
had had experience with young men
who drank on tho sly. Ho used to
drink habitually himself, but found the
habit was growing on him. lie wanted
it oftener and more of it and so he quit
short olf two years ago. He said "that
there was but 1 ill lo difference between
open bar rooms and tho dispensary,
so far as the better class of young men
were concerned. A dollar bottle in a
room with three or four friends was
about as bad as tho dollar spent for
driuks in a bar room."
Jim lue bar rooms uro a nuisance in
any town and a disgrnco to its refine
ment. If tlicy art allowed at nil they
should he on some side street where
ladies do not frequont or jiavo to pass.
Keep them out of sight and out of
smell. Of course, tho drinking habit
cannot be stopped by law, nor can tho
solo of whisky bj stopped as long as
the government allows its manufacture.
Our peoplo can drive over to Cherokee
and buy what they want from the gov
ernment distillery. There is no such
thing as prohibition nud never will be
until tho dawn of the millennium.
This tiling begun with old Noah and
hud its ups and downs all through tho
Bible history. It never was sanction
ed. It never was prohibited except to
the priests in tho tabernaclo. " Drink
not in the tabernacle lest ye die," baith
Moses. All of those old time people
kept some on the sideboard. Joseph
aud Iiis brethren drank together and
wcio merry. David speaks of wiuo
that makclh glad the henrt of man.
Sokmon says, " Oivo strong drink to
him that is ready to perish and wine to
those that bo heavy of heart." Hut
'when ho was sobering up from a spree
ho said, ?* VVino is a mocker, strong
drink is rnging, for at tho last it biteth
like a serpent and stingeth like an ad
der." 1 hoard u judgo of our circuit
say that tho wind up of n sprco was
tho mos', wretched and forlorn mental
condition that could befall a man. Said
be, "Away in tho dead of night I havo
gotten up anil gono to tho well in my
night shirt and drank and drank ol tho
cooling water until I could hold no
moro. I wanted lo bito a branch in
two and t wallow the upper end."
Nnbal got drunk and became as a
stone, and liouhadnd and thirty-two
hi": ?11 got drunk together after n
baltlo. Jeremiah, the prophol, tried
10 mako tho Kcchabites drink tvino with
him, but they would n>i, for so their
father had enjoined them, and Jere
miah blessed them for oboying Ibcir
father, and said, "Thus saith tho Lord
tho house of Jonadab, the son oi |
llcchab, shall not want for a man to
stand bciore me forever.'' Zachariah
seems to havo winked at tho indul
gence, for ho said, "Corn shall mako
the young men cheerful and now wine
tho maids." I wonder if that was sure
enough corn liquor. Tho aged women
were enjoined not to drink much wine,
wherein is excess. King Ahasuerus
got drunk and ordered Queen Vashtt
to como before him and she refused,
and did right and tho old rascal de
posed her. Hosea saith that wino
takes away tho heart. Isaiah was hard
against it, and Bays, " Their tables are
full of vomit and lihhiuuss and ih re.
is no placo cleau upon them." Habak
OABTORXA.
Boars ih* jf '"0 Kind You Haw Always Bontft
SALT RHEUM CUR^D BY
Johnston's Sarsaparilla
QUART BOTTLES.
JUST SEEN IN TTRIB.
Slight Skin Krnptlon? are a Warning of Something ITIore Scrlona to Tome*
'l'lio Only Sur?! Way In tu Heed tho Wurulnc. Johnvton'* Saraaparlllu.
la tho Most Powerful Olood Purifier Known.
Nature, In her efforts to correct mistakes, which mistakes have come from
careless living, or it may bo from ancestors, shoots out pimples, blotches and
other imperfections on the skin, as a warning1 that more serious troubles (per*
haps tumors, cancers, erysipolas or pulmonary diseases) are certain to follow if
you neglect to heed the warning and correot the mistakes.
Many a lingering, painful dlsoase and many an early death has been avoided
simply because these notes of warning have uccu heeded and the blood kept
pure by a right use of JOHNSTOITS SARSAPARILLA.
Miss A bole J. Rando, of Marshall, Mich., writes:
" I was cured of a bad humor after suffering with it for five years. T' *
doctors and my friends said it was salt rheum. It came out on my head, neck
and cars, and then on my whole body. I wo? perfectly raw with it. What 1
suffered during those fivo years, Is no use tolling. Nobody would believe me If
I did. I tried every medicluo that was advertised to euro it. I spent money
enough to buy a house. I heard JOHNSTON'S SARSAPARILLA highly
praised. I tried u bottle of lt. I began to Improve right away, and when 1 had
finished tho third bottlo I was completely cured. I have never had a touch of it
since. I never got any thing to do me tho least good till I tried JOHNSTON'S
SARSAPARILLA. I would heartily advise all who are suffering from humors
or skin disease of any kind to try it at once. I had also a good deal of stomach
trouble, and wus run down and miserable, but JOHNSTON'S SARSAPARILLA
mado mo all right."
The blood is your lifo and If you keep it pure and strong you can positively re
sist disease or face contagion fearlessly. JOHNSTON'S SARSAPARILLA never
fails. It is for snlo by all druggists, in full quart bottles at only one dollar each.
asxozxzGk-iixr jjjvuo ooma'awy, dwthoit, miui?
For Salo by the Laun ns Drug Comj any, Lnur-ns, S. C.
knk says, u Woo unto huu that giveth
Ins neighbor ritink an I puttolti tho
bottle to him."
But this is enough Scripturo. From
that <Viy to this the excessivo use of
spinluotH liquors hasgono on in all na
tions, carrying ruin in its train, de
grading kings and disgracing presidents
and neither law nor precept uor preach
ers nor tho plcadiug ot women lias
been able to stop it. The dispensary
ia more respectable in its surroundings
than tho saloon. Thcro is no gather
ing of roughs and toughs at its door
and women cart walk by without being
insu bed or disgusted as they pass. 1
do not believe that it lossens the use
or abuse of whisky. Nothing will do
that but home inllucncc and religi us
training and public opinion. It takes
everything to combat it and keep it in
check. 1 have before me the last of
ficial statement of tho dispensary busi
ness iu South C irolina and it is amaz
ing to see how it is growing. It is now
the largest ami most important busi
ness in the Slate?its aggregalo i-ales
for tho i?a8t fiscal year being a little
over $2,000,000, anil over 8500,000 net
profits, and of tbeso profits aud the
stock on hand tho school fund is en
titled to $611,854 aud the Stato has on
hand $(540,000 of stock. Tho profits
pay hundreds of officials good salaries,
besides accumulating an onormou
sthool fund. 1 have traveled a good
deal over tho State and found public
opinion much divided upon the ques
tionable morality of tho system. But
it pays financially and the quesiion ol
educating tho negro with taxes from
white people does not raise such a pro
test as long as the salo of whisky pays
it, especially when tho negro is the
dispensary's very liberal customer.
What about the part that woman ia
taking in this liquor business? What
docs all ibis mean that Bishop Cole
man, of Delaware, has rccontly assert
ed in a public sermon preached in Now
.Jersey. He says that the whiskey
habit is actually decreasing among the
men of the North, but it is rapidly in
creasing among the women, not only
the fashionnblo women, but among the
middle classes. His assertion caused
a committee to bo appointed who quiet
ly frequented tho bolols and enting
houses nud ladies' restaurants nnd a
large majority of women took wine or
beer or whisky or cocktails with their'
meals, and very many took no menls
and ordered drinks only. The com
mittee unuuimoii8ly reported thai, tho
bishop's assertion was the truth. If
this bo so, God help tho couutry. Our
Southern women will lie all that will
save it.
When I waa a sludcut in college- al
A thm;: in 1845 Iho wonderful' dis
covory of Dr. Long and his uso of an
aesthesia was the tulkof tho town, and
our professor of cheinWtry, Dr. Le
Conte, made it tho subject of a lecluro
to his class. In 1810 a dentist by tho
name of Lombard camo thoro and pro
posed to extract toeth without pain by
the use of what he called mortous let h
ean. Ho extracted a jaw tooth for mo
and it was a success. Hut it was
whispered around that Morton had
slolo Dr. Loug's discovery and pro
cess, aad as he wa9 a lioston Yankee'
tho frionds of Dr. Long wore very in
dignant. Enough of this for the pres
ent. I on'y wished to say how gratill
ed 1 was that the commilteo appointed
to select our two greatest Georgians
have givon Dr. Long tho iirst place.
Tho medical world has done him honor
in all countries, and Morion and Jack
son have boon relegated to tho roar
whero thoy bolongcd. They wero
piratos.
But about tho second placo tho com
mittee had bettor go slow aud consider
carefully when they meet again. They
had better consult tho old men and
especially the veterans of tho cUll war.
Somo things are forgiven, but not for
gotten. The veterans v-ouldnot pre
sume to say who should bo solectcd,
but only who should not.
Bill a hp.
Among certain pcoplo thcro is a
strong idea that nothing is worse for
dogs than salt, but as a matter of fact,
when administered in sma'l quantities,
it materially assists tho procoss of oi
gestion. There is no doubt, however,
that lo givo dogs or other animals broth
of pot-liquor in which salt poik or ba
cou has boon boiled would be ulraost
equivalent to giving them a email dose
of poison The uso of suit among
horses, cattle and sheep is advocated
by the highest veterinaiy authorities.
Pigs, on the contrary, aro extremely
sueceptiblo to the poisonous Inlluonce
of the agent, and experiments have
been made which bad, after small doses
regularly administered, fatal results.
Habitually, as a matter of course, all
animals consumo a certain portion of
salt, as it exists in certain propoilions
in moat articles of food.
TOIII A.
i The Kifltl You Haw Alwiy
SOUTH CAROLINA
EXPOSITION
The State Officials and the Legis
lature Give it a New Name.
Mr. A. M. Carpenter, special cor
re8poudeut of Tho State, wr.tes as fol
lows iu regard to tho visit of tho Legis
lature to Charleston lastjjweck:
Proclaim it to all the world. It shall
bo do longer known iu the prints of
any newspaper, or upon tho lips of any
man, as tho Charleston imposition.
From tonight until it closes it shall be
known as the South Carolina Fxposi
lion. For today tho peoplefof South
Carolina, through their representatives
in the General Assembly, camo lo
Charleston, inspected the Exposition,
and claimed it as their own. Claimed
it as their own with pride aud love, lor
this is really aud truly a magnificent
Exposition?an exposition of the re
80UICC8 of South Carolina and her chief
city, old Charleston. This afternoon
aud to-night I havo talked with scores
of members of the legislature, and with
uuity they have suid: ,( This is a bis?
aer, grander, more benulifui Exposi
tion than I bad dreamed of. Why
haven't wc been told beforehand what
to expect?" This is tho unanimous
verdict of every member of the Legis
lature who came hero today.
It was a happy thought on the part
of I he Exposition company aud the
people of Charleston to invite the
Legislature to visit the Exposition in a
body, aud an equally happy inspi:a(iou
on the part of tho Legislature to ac
cept tho invitation. For tho people,
or their represonfcuivcR at least, have
seen tho splendid Exposition hero open
to the public; have seen how wisely
expended was tho appropriation of
850,000 to aid tho Exposition, nud
having seen this the gtcatest good to
all the State will follow.
Every member of tho Legislature
who has been here today, whether Iiis
home is in Oconce, or Spartauburg, or
Hicbland, or Orangcburg, or Marion,
or Georgetown, or Beaufort, or Char
leston, or any other county, has been
filled with enthusiasm and Stato pride
at the beauty and splendor and excel
lence of the Exposition. Tho grounds
are magmiicenl, tho buildings are
beautiful?and above all, and best of
all, the exhibits arc numerous, varied,
complete, comprehensive, splendid. A
report has spread over tho Stato that
tho exhibits have not all been placed
in position, but this is no longer the
case. Tho exhibits uro nil here, the
Exposition is all complete, and as
stated at the outset, it is no longer the
Charleston lOxposition, but iho South
Carolina Bxpositson.
Practically all the momlicrs of the
Legislature camo toChailcston today.
There were 27 out of the '10 Senators
and 07 out of the 120 Representatives.
Besides there was tl.o Governor, most
of tho Stale oftlecrs, practically all tho
employes and attaches of tho General
Assembly, and a number of distinguish
ed citizens of tho Stato. There were a
number of ladies in the party,'and in
all there wcro between 1300 and 000
persons on the legislative special.
The trip down from Columbia was a
pleasant ono, and thero was nothing to
mm the ploasuro of tho occasion, al
though (he train was more than on
hour behind tho scheduled lime. It
was 1 o'clock when Charleston was
reached.
Tho train was carried direct lo the
Exposition grounds, whore tho welcom
ing exorcises wore hold. President P,
W. Wagencr, of the Exposition com
pany, called tho assemblage to ordor
and inlr duccd the speakers.
Tho illst speaker introduced was
State Senator Jos. W. Harnwoll, wh >
welcomed tho visitors to tho city and
to tho Exposition in a particularly
earnest manner. Ho said ho felt that
tho peoplo of tho Stato would :eel more
prido and sympathy in Chail-ston and
the Exposition after ihcy had seen tho
Exposition, and said tho peoplo ol
Charleston felt a gicat deal nfpiido
in having tho members of tho General
Assembly as their guests. Ho said ho
folt that their coming marked a new
era in affairs in tho Stato; that thore
would bo no moro ostrangomcnts be
tween tho peoplo of tho sections of the
State.
Lieut. Gov. Tillman was iulro luccd
and made a brief bin gracoful response
to the address of welcome. IIo snid
>u behalf of the Genornl Assomhly
hat it was a great ploasuro to visit
Charleston and the Exposition at this
timo aud under tho present auspices.
It is a raatUr of sdrpriso to boo what a
splendid Exposition that Charlestonhas
wrought with such a small amount of
money at her disposal. Hut tho whole
State fools apiido in it, he said, and
we feel that it is our Exposition as well
as yours.
Speaker W. F. Stovouson was thin
introduced and responded on behalf of
the members of the Houso of Repre
sentatives. The maguiiude and beau
ty of the Fx position* is not a surprise,
ho said, to those of us who are fnnvl
\ar with Gharleston and Charleston
\ ?
people and their liiulory and spirit.
This old city has gone through (ire and
Hood aud pestilence aud earthquake
and has come through it all stronger
and more courageom than ever. Iu
the civil war she furnished more men
and money than any city of equal size
and wealth ever furnished in any war.
Tho visit of tl o General Assembly to
Charleston at Ihn lime is a happy
ornen; it marks the wiping oul of
many things unpleasant. Charleston
is still a part of South Carolina im I is
proud of tho balanco of the Stale, and
the whole State ia proud of Charleston.
Hesui.lhe believed tho wisest appro
priation the General Assembly ever
tuado was the $o0,000 to tho Charles
ton Exposition, aud spoko of the pleas
ure it gave htm, as Speaker of tho
House, to sign tho appropriation.
Chat lesion has no enemies iu the Leg
islature now, he said, aud he said he
belbved that from now on forever
Charleston would feel inoto friendly
and more in sympathy with the other
sections ot the Stale.
Gov. McSweeney was then intro
duced and responded in a fooling man
ner. He said:
" Mr. rro8idcut, Ladies aud Gentle
men: I ebteem it n pleasure and a
privilege to be here on this occasion.
It is right, il is proper, that the repre
sentatives of the people of the gicat
State of South Garoliua should take a
day off and como and seo for them
selves what you bavo and what you
bavo done. Wo knew that tho wel
como would be cordial and benrty.
We appreciato it none the less because
wo knew in advaucc what it would be.
It is always so when you come to this
graud old city. Even the stranger
wilhin your gates finds a hearty hand
shake and a warm greeting.
*? Wo arc no strangers, Wo arc all
part of ono commonwealth. This en
terprise is ours as wi 11 as yours, though
we appreciate the sacrifice and the la
bor you have expended to make it
the success which it is, but we arc all
one poople with a common aim and a
singlo purpose, and that is the progress
and the development of our State and
tho happiness and prosperity of our
people. Whatever couirihules to the
attainment of this pu-potc and this
aim has tho endorsement nud the en
couragement of every patriotic and de
voted so l of the commonwealth.
'* We aro hero to encourage you and
show you not only with words but by
our presence, of our sympathy and otir
willingness to cooperate with you and
aid you in making this Exposition
what the patriotic sons of this ciiy
who wore tho promoters of this enter
prise intended it to bo.
44 The people of South Carolina look
upon this as their Exposition, and feel
n personal interest in it. They evi
denced l' ir interest by an appropria
tion through their representatives of
?"0,UUO for tho Stale building and the
beautiful structure which forms part
of tho court of palaces on yonder
grounds stands as a testimonial to that
interest.
44 1 never come to Charleston but
my mind runs back to tho days of yoro
and my heart always swells with love
for the men and tho women who have
made this city historic. Earthquakes
and cyclones and high water and lire
bavo never daunted the energy and in
domitablo courage which huvo always
characterized tho people of this city.
What you have noeded has been to
stretch out and get in closer touch with
your brethren of the Piedmont an l the
Poo l)co, and 1 am glad to know that
this you are now doing, and 1 believe
Ibis Exposition will bo hugely instru
mental in bringing nil sections of our
State and of the whole country in
closer touch with one another, and if
it accomplish notbiug more, that alone
will bo a largo compensation for tho
money and energy expended.
** When I was hero in December
with tho Press Association there was
one thing that impressed me possibly
moro than any other. Tho first build
ing completed was tho woman's build
ing, and yet when you retlect tor a
moment on the sacrifices made, and the i
energy always displayed by our noble
women that should not have been a
matter of great surprise. They uro al
ways foremost in all good works, hast
at the cross and lirsl at tho sepulchre
whero there was suffering to bo allevi
ated and lloivers to bo strewn.
" My mind goes back also to that
adopted son of this city who bared his
breast as a beardless boy to tho can
non and shell of tho enemy in defenso
cf tho Southern cnuso nud who after
that cause was lost caet bis fortunes
with the vanquished, and set about tho
rebuilding of his adopted homo with an
energy and a determination of purpose
rarely equalled and never excelled,and
1 have often thought how the heart of
P, W. Daw8on would bavo rej deed if
ho could have lived to take part in con
tributing of his great powers to the suc
cess of this enterprise.
44 But wo aro not here to deal in tem
iniscenco, and spenking for the State It
gives mo great pleasure to say to you
how much wo appreciate tho hearty
welcome you have extended us, and 10
assuro you that wo will mako ourselves
at home while in your midst."
At tho conclusion of Gov. McSwce
noy's address tho legislators and their
friends woro invited to the Crescent
Inn, whero an olegant luncheon was
served to tho entito patty. This wns a
surprise to the visitors, but was one
of tho most delightful fo:tluros of the
day.
After this tho members scattered
through the grounds and spent tho re
mainder of tho afternoon and evening
visiting tho different buildings a id nd
m'.ring tho diffcront foituiv? of the
Exposition.
Jefferson M. hovor, owner of
Thomas Jefferson's 44 Monticeilo," pro
poses to celebrate the third President's
birthday there on April I", with
speechos and festivities. Ex-Prosi
dont Cleveland, ox-Senator Hilt and
other prominent Democrats will bo
i invited.
CASTOR IA
For Infants and Children.
The Ktod You Have Alwcys Bought
Bears tha
??aaturotJl
The Finest Cake
Is made with Royal Bak
ing Powder. Always light,
sweet, pure <^ wholesome
IN A HUMOROUS "VEIN
He: u 1 hear that you have been
talking about me."
islu: "No, indeed; I make il a
point never to speak of my frieuds un
less I can pay something good of them."
Mrs. Winks: "1 wonder why il is
thai people always call a locomotive
she?' "
Mr. lliuks: " I don't know, V'oi
sure, unless it is because she Isn't good
for much without a man to run her."
I" I was neatly overcome by gas
again," remarked Ihc man who had
come from the suburbs.
" When did it occui?"
"At tho usual time. When the com
pany rendered its bill."
Congressman Lacey, of Iowa, re
cently received from a constituent a
rcquej-t for sjine vo'umes conlniuiug
meiUOlial addtesses on dead Congress
men. "There it" nothing 1 read," said
the writer, "that 1 like so well as those
o'oiluanes."
" Doctor," said the inveterate smo
ker, " don't, for goodness sake, tell me
thai the use of tobacco shortens a man's
days, because?*'
" Hut it does," interrupted the
doctor. " 1 tried to stop smoking once
and the days seemed interminable."
44 1 never pretend," sind Col. Still
well, " that I take alcoholic beverage
for medicinal purposes."
44 The subterfuge is sometimes in
dulged iu."
41 Jt would not do for me. It would
create the impression that 1 am a
chronic Invalid."
Wife: 44 Do you think Tommy dis
turbs our neighbor with his drum?"
Husband: 44 I'm afraid so-, the man
next door made him a present of a
nice new knife to-day and suggested
that Tommy should cut open the drum
and spend 'the money that is inside.' "
?Tit-Hits.
441 told you," said the teacher, apolo
getically, to Tommy. 44 that I should
whip you if you did not tell your father
you had run away from echool, didn't
? ?"
44 Thai's all right," responded
Thomas. 4,l didn't tell him. One of
your lickins is a picnic by the side of
one of dad's."
44 Charley, dear," said young Mrs.
Torkins, 11 there is one favor 1 want to
ask you. i hope you will realize it is
for youi own good aud uot get angry."
44 What is it?"
44 1 want you to solemnly promise
me that you will never bet on a horse
that isn't going to win."?Washington
Star.
New Clerk?You don't look like a
man who smokes cigaiettes.
Employer?Why, I never smoked a
cigarette in my life.
New Clerk?You have just said you
were a victim of the cigarette habit.
Employer ?I am. My clerks smoke
them.
An Irishman, who was charged with
stealing a watch from a fellow-citizen,
Btoutly denied the impeachment in
court, and brought a counter accusa
tion agamst his accuser for assault
and battery committed with a frying
pan. 44 Why did you allow the pro
secutor, who is a smaller man than
yourself, to assault >ou without re
sistance? ' asked the judge; 44 had you
nothing in your hand to defend your
self with ? ' 44 Hedad, your honor,"
said Pat. 441 had lm watch, but what
was that against a frying-pan?"
" If you're hungry," said the chart
table housewife, 44 come in aud 1 will
give you something lo cat."
44 Ma'am," replied Weary Willy, the
diplomat, 44 there al.i't notion' I'd like
better, hut I'm nfecrd."
4' Afraid of what ?"
44 W'y, ma'am, if I was to cat ycr
lino Cookin' an' victuals I'd cddycate
me stummiek up so's it would't stand
fer wot 1 have to give it rcg'lar, an'
I'd starve to death. Thank yo kindly,
ma'am, but if you'll jest give a quarter
instead it won't bo geltiu' me stum
miek into bad habits."?Chicago l'ost.
A little (rormantown, Pa., boy, who
goeito Sunday school every Sunday,
always receives a nickel from his fath
er to place in the collection plate.
Last Sunday Ins father g ivc him two
nickels, saying:
44 One is for tho Lord and the other
is for yourself."
As it was too oarly to start for Sun
Iday school, tho littlo boy sat on the
porch steps in tho warm sunshine,
playing ivuh the Lwo Dickies. After a
whil i tie dropped one of thorn, aud it
di8appcur< d down a crack. Without
a moment's hesitation, and still clutch
ing the remaining coin in his clinched
list, ho looked up at his father, ex
claiming:
44 Oh, pep I thero goes tho Lord's
nicklo."
Hector's Daughter?My father fceln
it vory much, Mrs. Barker, that you
should leavo the church every Sunday
just boforo the sermon. Don't you
think you might try and stay in future?
Mrs. Barker?I dursn't do it, Miss.
I do snore that drcadfnl When I'm
asleep.
OA0TO1RXA.
HIE BLIND ARE MA I) Ii TO SEE
Interesting Experiments With the
Deaf, Dumb and Blind.
A wonderful account comes from
Vienna of the methods of Dr. Holler,
who is teaching the blind to sec, tho
deaf to hear and the dumb to speak.
We give tho account of Dr. Heller's
wonderful results in tho words of tho
London telegraph:
An interesting case was brought tho
other day before a meeting of tho
Society of Physicians at Vicuna. Di
rector Heller, of the Vienna Blind In
stitution, introduced a boy of scveu
yearn, bliud from hit birth, whom by
bis system be had taught iu fourteen
mombs to read, to distinguish colors,
forms aud objects, to loculi/.o and to
distinguish them without previous
touch cither by day or artificial light
and at continually increasing distances.
The Professor, who lias had thirty
years' experience with the deaf, dumb
and blind, came long ago to the con
clusion that when the former have per
fectly-formed cars they can bear, but
the connection with the brain failP.
Dr. Heller therefore enelcavor' to
arouso thought in connection wK i a
subject, and has made seventy-two
such children hear and speak. Tho
success with the deaf ami dumb en
couraged him to do something for the
blind whose eyes are perfectly formed
and who suffer from physical blind
ness. Throe years ago two bovs. broth
I ers, aged four and five, born blind,
wore brought to him from Hungary
for preparation for the Blind School.
Professor Fuchs, one of the leading
oculists of Vienna, to whom the boys
were taken for examination, pro
nounced botli lo be blind with perfect
ly-formed eyes?a case, the 'ore, of
physical blindness.
The method adopted ~?r. Holler
is to place the patient in a perfectly
dm k room, in which a movoable Mu
minalcd transparent disc is plat.
'"he child thus learns, after long . .1
tedious labor, the difference botwoen
light and dark. The youngest was
8oou able to localize the disc, and a
large house-key was placed iu bis baud
that he might feel it. This was laU
fastened behind the canvas. The b
said:" What you ! avo placed in the 1
is your house-key." The next o
that he recognized was a ball. The
and ball were often exchanged, bui bo
never failed to distinguish them cor
rectly. The director then hung a piece
of red glass between the piano lamp
and the disc, when Mio boy said:
"To-night there is another light." It
was explained to him that this was red,
and gradually he learnt to distinguish
colors with great precision. O '^'de
the dr.rkeued room he was ? er
feclly blind. Geometric* lilies,
lines, cuclc8, triangles v. . drawn
upon the sheet, after whiv..i Heller
triumphantly proceeded to letters and
figures. The blind boy now reads
I wilh his C}cs. Gradually the instruc
I tion was extended lo daylight. After
I eight months Hel'cr brought his pupil
back to Professor Fuchs, who thought
that thero must be some mistake, that
the hoy followed the movements of the
chalk upon tho board with his cars, or
listened to the signals of his teacher.
Director Heller begged Profossor Fuchs
to take the child into another room,
whore, out of sixty-four experiments,
he only tailed three times.
A Lawyer's Bi.undku.?In re
counting some of his personal experi
ences Ex .Governor Shaw, of Iowa,
lately chosen to be Secretary ({age's
successor as the bead of tho treasury
department, tells how he once heard a
sundl boy get the better of a, lawyer
who was cross-examining him. Part of
the questioning and replies thereto
were as follows :
" Have you any occupation ?"
" No."
u Don't you do any work of any
kind ?"
? No."
?? .Just loaf around home ?"
??That's about all."
u What docs your father do ?"
" Nothin' much."
" Doesn't bo do anything to support
tho family ?"
Ho does odd jobs once in awhilo
when lie can get them."
" As a matter of fact, isn't your
father a pretty worthless fellow, a dead
beat and a loafer V"
?? I don't know, sir; you'd hotter ask
bin?, lie 8 sittin' over there on the
jury."
Mary Todd, who clair ? iho is a
daughter of Abraham T'r j, desirn
to prove her identity or to gain
possession of a farm in Alcnurd Com '
Illinois. For many years the won. iu
says she had faith in promisi 3 tb. t bo
would always bo well cared for. She
was reared by ltobert and Jane Todd
on a farm near Chamberehurg, 111.,
and resided with them until she was
18. Sho left, them becauso they woull
not tell her who hor paronts were, \
neighbors told her that Abraham
coin was her father. Her statom
in writing and covers 60 pages.
Lndy (socking a cook:) " You havo
go.Ml rolorcnces, I suppose?"
Applicant: " No, ma'am. I haven't
any at all, ma'am."
Lady: "But I really elo not like tho
Idea of engaging a cook without re
ference."
Applicant: 44 Oh, that'll ba alt
>, ight, ma'am. You can pav no 'o ad
vance."

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