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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, February 19, 1902, Image 1

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VOL. XVII.
LAURENS, S. C, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1902.
NO. 29
THIS ANTI-TRUST
I,IiGI8I.ATION
The House Bill to Prohibit the
Formation oi Trusts and Mono
polies.
Tho bill introduced by Mr. AV. J.
Johnson to prohibit tbo formation of
trusts and monopolies in this Slate,
and which is a copy of the Hogg law
in Texas, came up for discussion in
the 11 ousr, aud a motion was made to
strike out the enacting words, which
was afterwards withdrawn. In order
to roach a test vote, tho motion to
strike out tho enacting words was re
newed and tho previous question was
called, which lorced a vole to be taken.
Tho II0U80 refused to strike out the
onnetin? words by a vote of 84 to 34,
and the bill was loft for further con
secration. Tho discussion was re
ports as follows :
Mr. ooLr.sun, who was tho first to
speak upon the bill, said ihut ii had
beon shown by tho special report of
the attorney general that tho present,
antl trust laws are practically ineffect
ive and wholly inadequate to remedy
tho ovils of trusts growiug out of tho
constant combination and amalgama
tion of rival interests for the sole pur
pose of stifling competition. This re
port has been made by the attorney
general after a most thorough and ex
haustive examination and investiga
tion iu pursuance of tho joint resolu
tions directing tho same. Th i bill, al
though voluminous, has beon prepared
with the aid and advico of tho attor
ney general, who by reason of his con
nection with the matter is thoroughly
familiar and conversant with the evils
aud must necessarily bo regarded as an
authority for a remedy.
Tho bill has been prepared with
great care, study and consideration,
and every precaution has been taken
a>/ainsL coming in conflict with the
State or Federal constitution, and it
simply provides against tho formation
of trusts and combines to defeat aud
prevent legitimate competition.
No claim can be mado that this bill
will drive capital from tho State lor
almost every Stato in tho Union now
lias anti-trust laws, and many of them
very drastic and sweeping iu their pro
visions. It ia very necessary that we
should havo effective anti-trust legis
lation and restrict tho hoartluss corpo
rations when thoy attempt to extort
money unjustly from tho great masses
of the people. Corporations have many
privileges that individuals do not have
and this bill is only intended for the
protection of the people against unjust
extortion. Now if thoso who aro op
posed to the passage of this bill are
sincere and just, and only want legiti
mate proflts why aro they uuwil iug to
launch out into tho businoss and com
mercial world upon their merits, and
compete with other like, concerns for
their just share of business? Morit
most invariably wins its just reward,!
but theso constant coiubirrs of rival
concerns aro labelled from head to foot
with suspicion and danger, and the
whole object is to practice uujust ex
tori io a.
The formation of trusts during tho
last few years have reached such a
magnitude as to arouso an interest to
the danger of trusts throughout tho
whole civilized world. Huge corpora
tion after corporation have consolidat
ed and then all the power and influence
of amalgamated wealth is utilized to
weave a complete net work around
every similar pioducing plant with the
evident purpose of either absorbing
the rival concorn or driving them from
the commercial field. The trusts have
increased and flourished under tho
fostering caro of the Republican ad
ministration until nearly all the ave
nues of industry aro being fed and
clothed by tho trusts.
The trusts of this nation alono have
a capitalization that approaches the en
tire volume of metallic money iu the
whole world; they have a combined
capital which almost if not quite cqunls
all of the gold and silver used by the
people of the entire world, and thus
armed with such a powerful concentra
tion of wealth and capital they make
war upon similar competing concerns
and soon sweop them trom the commer
cial fleld by absorption or driving them
' into bankruptcy. And then with no
' competition to meet or law to restrict.
It is then that the dangerous feature
of extortion is nnbiidled to prey upon
the honest gotten gains of a holpless
people.
If the numerous and constant com
bines aro not for the sole purpose of
extortion, why do they combine? If
they want to increase their capital or
enlarge their plants, no one ould ob
ject to that; this country is quite large
enough for all the Increase or enlarge
ment, they may desire, that is legiti
mate and would increase the taxable
property of the State and give employ
ment to others, but that is not the kind
of increase they want.
They waut to water their stock und j
absorb and gobble up all competing and
rival concerns that they may be free
and untrammeled in their dishonest ex
tortion, upon tho great consuming pub
lie.
To show you the complete power and
control of mouopoly and the high hand
ed way in which it is wielded, I will re
fer you to the great prints combine at
Fall River, the manufacturing centre
of America. They bought our fleecy
staple afow years ago at 8 cents before
they joined in the manufacture of the
cotton in to clothes and then sold the
goods hack to the Southern jobbers at
a cents per yard in 1898 after goiug
into the trust. Cotton decllued to 4
1-2 cents per pound and this same low
price cotton, was bought up by the
same trusts and manufactured into
print cloths and again sold back to the
jobbers at 5 cents per yard, an advance
of nearly 100 per cent., while the raw
material had deolined nearly 100; now
if the mills were making money
a when they were buying our raw roa
Jfc toriftl at 8 cents and selling the cloths
at 3 cents nor yanl imagine the out
rageous iubumy ivhvii they bought the
same raw material at 4 h'2 cents and
v, sold the manufactured goods at 5
cents.
And beside the principle of mono.
poly is vicious, dangerous and iutoler
ublo to say nothing of extortion.
Whon an independent corporation or
concern cannot enter the business or
commercial world upon its merits and
moet legitimate competition and take
even chances with other liKo concerns
it should go to tho wall and should not
be givon special privileges to practice
their outrageous oxtortions upon the
great consuming public.
Mr. Juo. r. Thomas, Jr., opposed
tho bill. It is founded upon a pernicious
and erroneous principle. He (.id not
claim that trusts should not bo re
gulated. But capitul cannot bo pre
vented from mukiug combiuutious. No
Stale .Legislature can pi event combi
nation. He was doubtful if it is wise
to attempt to so prevent them. Mm it
is tho duty of every cili/.cn lo see that
they arc properly rcguluted. There is
a correct principlo of legislaliou for tho
State to regulato prices. The combi
nation of railroads into systems has
not in an evil senso affected the peo
ple, because the Stale has regulated
the rates. He doubted the truth of the
saying that44 C mipotitiou h the life of
trade." Ho declared that tho effi
ciency of tho servico is iucrcased with
the size of the coucerns. Whenever
mercantile or manufacturing establish
ments becomo combined until they be
come monopolies, then they should be
regulated. He agreed that there are
evils in tho operations of tho trusts,
but they cannot be cured by graftiug
on our stalulo books laws taken bodily
from tho statuto hooka of Texas. Ho
then attacked tho bill iu some of its
provisions, particularly the section pro
venting the organization of companies
to control tho sale of patents and
patented articles. This would provent
a company from being organized to
manufacture a patented cotton planter,
etc. Ho did not believe that, when
ever 44 foreign capital" is referred lo
in legislation they should make the
cry, 44 don't drive foreign capital
away," but he boliovcs that the.foreign
capital should bo subject, to regulations.
Howevor, there should bo a bill to cor
rect a specilic evil and not to generalize.
Mr. M. L. Smith, of Kershaw, fol
lowed Mr. Thomas. The people of
the State had in 1804 elected their
wisest men to frame & couslilution for
tho State. That constitution makes it
mandatory upon tho CJeueral Assem
bly to pass laws to provent the lorma
tion of trusts, combinations of capital.
The constitution says 44 shall." It is
not iu tho organic law of the law of
the State to ,4 regulate," as Mr. Them
as argued, but to 44 prevent."
Mr. Smith then went on to say that
tho law now on tho statuto books is in
violation of tho interstate coiumcrco
law, and will some day bo wiped off
the slat ute books.
Tho anti-trust laws in 33 States are
no moro radical than this proposed
measure. There is need for proper
auli-trust laws. Ho declared that if
this kind of law would keep capital out
of the State, why does Texas hold on
to the Hogg law? The bill allows one
firm or one corporation to unite with
another, providing tho combination is
not for tho purpose of controlling
prices and driving out competitor*.
That is what tho bill seeks to prohibit.
It is a question of fact to bo passed up
on by a jury,
Tho constitution gives tho right to
the Legislature to. take away the cor
porate rights of companies violating
the laws of the State.
Ho was followed by Mr. Weston,
who declarod that he is not tho repre
sentative of any trust. The General
Assembly cannot in being true to it
self do anything which will injure tho
interests of the State. He told how L
Q. G. Lamar had gone contrary to tho
wishes of the people of Mississippi, but
had by them been vindicated, as he
had done what was right and what
they afterwards saw was right. Ho
attacked popular legislation which will
not bo beneficial to the interests of the
Suite. Like Addison'a Gato, he de
plored tho creature who would become
great on his State's ruin.
Mr. Weston wont on to say that if
South Carolina should adopt such a
law as this she would bo blacklisted
and capital would seek investments
elsewhere. Ho stated that this bill
had been killed two years ago. (Mr.
Johnson stated that it had not been
killed in this House,) Mr. Weston
answered that tho House might have
passed it hoping for the Senalo to kill
it. As % stockholder in a fertilizer
company which had sold to the Vir
ginia Carolina Chemical Company ho
declared that they found liltlo money
in the business" and were glad to sell to
tho larger corporation. This bill
would keep a mun from accepting the
agency for a bicycle or a sowing ma
chine manufacturer.
Mr. H?cker asked if the Virginia
Carolina had built a singlo plant, in the
State for the State's interests- Mr.
Weston replied that it had done what
was equivalent, it had bought up
bar 'runt plants.
h\\ Do?ruhl in roply to Mr. Woalon
mid that if this bill is wrong in prin
ciple, so is the law now on the statute
hooks and so was the action of the
Legislature authorizing the attorney
general to investigate. The policy of
the Stale was sotlled by tho constitu
tion in 1806.
He declared that thore is nothing in
the bid to keep foreign capital out of
the State. If capital doosen't waut to
nquicsce in the laws of a State, it
should keep out of the Slate. The
farmers who have had the price of
their cotton seed reduced arbitrarily
know whether or not trusts are good
thingi tor the people. Ho didn't
think theFcdnral Congress could reach
the trusts at* effectively as the Slalcs
can. Thr u; trusts have never created,
have never built, a plant in tho State
and cannot be contributing to the
taxes.
Mr. Ashloy wanted to kuow if the
bill would not keop the farraors from
organizing to control tho price of cot
ton.
Mr. Deliruhl explained that the
farmers will be able to hold their cot
ton.
Mr. It. B. A. Robinson opposed the
bill. We had held out the oiive branch
to the people of tho North and now
alnce they have come here if we go to
{oppressing them it will be Violating a
I trust?and he would sooner steal. The
bill hutched up hero lately is stained
with persecution, not prosecution.
Col. Itobiuson told n joke. A hard
headed boy got kicked by a mule.
When he recovered his consciousness
ho asked his daddy, " Will it loavo a
scat?" The old man rophed, " Yes,
you wdl never look protty again, but
you will havo a durned sight moro
souso." Ho said tho Legislature was
lixing to learn a hard lessou.
Mr. VVingo opposed the trusts und
favored tho bill. Tho Virginia-Caro
lina Chomical compauy is buyiug up
plauts in the State. How? By run
ning down tho price of products, by
forcing tho little companies to the wall
and thus buying them in. The far
mers will soo tho prico of guano go up
when tho Virginia-Carolina Chemical
company gots control of tho fertilizer
manufacturing world.
Mr. Webb opposed the bill for tho
reason that it prevents labor from being
organized. Tho bill is too sweeping.
It would prevent carpenters or other
woikmon from organizing to control
the price of thoir labor. Ho would
voto for the bill if it could bo so
aim nded that tho labor organizations
could not bo iutortered with.
Mr. Croft then spoke in favor of the
bill. In answer to Mr. Thomas ho said
that competition is the lifo of trade.
Tho Boston tea party incident showed
what the people thought of arbitrary
methods of assessing commodities. Ho
then gave a ruuuiug nccount of tho
growth of corporate wealth in this
country. No ualion on tho earth can
now bo compared to America in wealth.
She exceeded Britain in 1880. Now
sho has more wealth than Austria,
Russia and Italy combined. Tho
question is to prevent riches from as
suming arrogance.
The evil of tho trust is that so great
a crop of cotton seed cannot be con
trolled by the farmers, but is directed
at tbo stroke of a pen of the chairman
of a board of directors. He had 10
ceutly had a caao against tho trust
which brought tho facts to light. His
client had offered seed for saie in Aiken
and had been offered 10 cents; tho
client later wont to Augusta and sold
for 21 cents. He wont back to Aikon
and told tho Aiken man of his sale.
The Aiken mill claimed a forfeiture of
300 tons of seed from tho Augusta
mill. The latter asked Mr. Croft's
client for a release from the trade. As
an honorable man his client agreed
and then came to Mr. Croft to seek re
dicss in tho law against trusts. Mi.
Croft declared that his investigations
had led him to see how tho cotton seed
crop of the State is controlled hero in
Columbia. Each mill is allowed a cer
taiu territory and a certain prico.
There are heavy forfeitures if they ex
ceed the limits prescribed.
As to Federal legislation, he wished
to God that bomothing could be done,
but it seems improbable. As to Mr.
Ashley's argument that tbo farmers
would not be able to organize a trust,
ho said that they would never organize
anyway.
Mr. Croft made a eplcudid reply to
the argument that the bill would keep
put capital. Texas is not hampered
by the Hogg law and iu tho oil wells
of Texas is tho one hope for success
against tho Standard Oil company.
There have been many such bills in tho
General Assembly and tho cry has al
ways beeu that it would keep out capi
tal, but no incorporation acts havo
ever kept out capital and tho industries
of the State havo grown, Mr. Croft's
was a splendid speech, and a synopsis
does lint do iL 1 n 11 justice. He fpOko
for an hour and kept tho attention of
the usually restless and inattentive
House.
At the night session, when the bill
against trusts was again under discus
sion, Mr. C. E. Robinson, of Piokens,
stated that ho was ono of those who
had voted against striking out tho en
acting words. Ho had done so hoping
that tho measure could be properly
modified. He feared, however, that
the matter could not bo properly dis.
cussed at this session, so he moved to
reconsider the voto whorcby tho House
had already refused to adjourn tho de
bate.
This motion was not debatable, but
thore were " points of order " raised.
Tho voto was taken finally and tho
House by a vote of 47 to 40 decided to
reconsider the vote of tho morning.
Mr. Robinson tbon moved to adjourn
debate. This was carried by one voto
??l to 50, which killed the bill for
bias mi >u.
Gratitude
Always seeks to And some expression
for itself, and womanly gratitude will not
keep silence. Cynical people r.oinetiincit
say Why do women write these testimo
nials to the value of Dr. i'ierce's Kay^rite
i ? Prescription? The
JL answer can Iw*
o (L^ j put in one word,
(jjkff? rRTs-'w Gratitude. When.
\&\S\~*i vt*^ Kj^fc after years of
v?7 ?**Zy*"Ltl-*faL ? ngony a woman is
~TKr$3flS3BBS?lffi\ freed froni pain,
II W//?H Bill if whcu the weak
III ' woman lfl made
K JJst^Tj ^B/lll stronK Qn<^ the
vXT^jS^dL^f^Fjj 111 8^c^c woman well,
/^vVt^f^^j/ I the natural itu
f /^Ywillx*il II Pu,fle 18 to write a
lJ? ^^vUtIIAA llll wor(l ?' grateful
" AV^^sNkl l lull thanks for the
r,l i/^vfiL-^A^Aili medicine which
^4 V S>^?^^A caused the cure.
^-^^^w^* Dr* 1>lerce'8 Fa
K25255S55f5*Wis vorite Prescription
*\J|* cures disciiscH
}^$/4f/(V\ \ ^} lC ^t establishes rcgu
Wxmulnl IJ ilv\ i 1 ^nr'tv' "tops weak
f/lnk //V? nil in en,ng drains, heals
(l llllll ljnll\\\\lt\ m"a"itnatlon and
ll/ll/fl k/// i ulc'rfltion and
1/?Hl /NU I \ fifl\ cureB fawale
vl Ml V/ All fl W' 1 we*kne89.
\ \\j I /\\ V V.U M " Having used Dr.
dw\l I / /VM? *. Pterce'a Favorite Pre
NK1 \js^i^rjr?^tr ?cr|I>ttoti mid 'Golden
during the past year,"
writes Mrs. Mottle r.ong, of Flouts Valley, Perry
Co., Pa. ?1 cap truthfully recommend the medi
cines for at! fercm'c weaknesses. I have used
several tx>ttlea of ' Favorite PrtMrinMon * which
I consider a great blessing to weak women. I
waa so nervous and discouraged that I hnrdly
knew what to do. Your kind advice for home
treatment hctjied ma wonderfully. Thanks to
Dr. Werce."
Doctor Pierce'a Pleasant Pellet? cure
biliousness, and sick headache. They
should be used in connection with
"Favorite Prescription." whenever the
um of a laxative la indicated.
- .
SALT RHEUM CURED BY
Johnston's Sarsaparilla
QUART BOTTLES.
jhust si<un in Tins.
Slight Skin Kraptlona are a Warning of Something more Serious to Conic*
'JTho Only Sato Way 1* to Hood the Wnrnliiu. JTohneton'S Saraauarilla
la tho Bloat Powerful Hlood Purifier Known,
Nature, in her efforts to correot mistaken, which mistakes have come from
careless living, or it mar bo from ancestors, shoots out pimples, blotches and
other imperfections on the skin, as a warning that more serious troubles (per*
haps tumors, cancers, erysipelas or pulmonary diseases) are certain to follow if
you neglect to heed tho warning and correot the mistakes.
Many a lingering, painful disoaso and many an early death has been avoided
simply becuuso theso notes of warning have "been heeded and tho blood kept
pure by a right use of JOHNSTON\S SAU8APA1ULLA.
Mi- i Abbie J. Rande, of Marshall, Mieh., writes:
"I was cured of a bad humor after suffering' with It for five years. The
doctors and my friends said it was salt rhoum. It came out on my head, neck
and ears, and then on my whole body. I was perfectly raw with It. What I
suffered during those flvo yoars, is no uso telling. Nobody would believe mo if
I did. I tried every medicine that was odvertised tc euro it. I spent money
enough to buy a house. I heard JOIINbxuJN'S AH8APARILLA highly
praised. I tried a bottle of it. I began to improve right away, and when i had
finished tho third bottle I was completely eured. I have nover had a touch of it
since. I never got any thing to do me tho least good tili I tried JOHNSTON'S
SARSAPARILLA. I would heartily advise all who ero suffering from humors
or skin disease of any kind to try it at once. I had also a good deal of stomach
trouble, and was run down and miserable, bnt JOHNSTON'S SARSAPARILLA
mado mo all right."
The blood is your life and If you keep it pure and strong you can positively re
sist disease or face contagion fearlessly. JOHNSTON'S SARSAPARILLA nover
fails. It is for sale by all druggists, in full quart bottles at only ono dollar each*
For Salo by tho Laurcns Drug Company, Laurene, S. C.
VIRGINIA-CAROLINA
CHEMICAL COMPANY
The Fertiliser Company Won the
Fight in the Senate.
Scualor Graydon,s bill to repeal the
charter of tho Virginia Carolina Chora
icul company was taken up. Tho ju
diciary had made two reports. Tho ma
jority reported a substitute bill to tho
effect that if the company does not
comply with all tho laws of tho Stato
by May 1st, and also agreo to abido by
the Stato courts, then its permission
to do butduess in the State should be
withdrawn.
Senator Manning moved to strike
out the enacting words, and Senntor
Graydon thon took tho floor to defend
tho measure. He said he had intro
duced it without consultation with any
ono, and had done so because ho be
lieved the Virginia-Carolina company
is tho most vicious trust that is op
pressing tho people of the Mate. It is
grinding tho farmers, and unless the
farm rs are prosperous and contented
we have lost tho balance wheel, noth
ing will go right. We talk about our
cotton mills and other industries, but
if the farmers do not prosper nothing
will prosper. Ho considered this the
most vitally important measure that
will come up at this session. Wo all
know that siuco tho Virginia-Carolina
company secured control of tho forti.
lizor business in the Stato tho price has
gone up 82 to per tou. In other
words, tho trust is wringing out of the
pockets over half a million dollars per
year. This has been going on for
thron ynarftj and I bo levy may be in
creased nt any timo unless wo put a
stop to this robbery now.
The attornoy general, at tho direc
tion of the Legislature, has made an
investigation of tho workings of tho
concern, and in a special report to the
General Assembly ho recommended
that tho privilege be withdrawn from
tho compauy to do busiucss in the
State. And 30t before the committee
ho said he would not advise tho pas
sago of the lesolutions, and intimated
that ho felt slighted because he had not
been consulted before their introduc
tion. He would not impugn tho mo
tives of tho attorney general in his sud
den change of front, but it certainly
does look atrauge. "As for myself,"
explained Senator Graydon emphati
cally, ?* I am not in tho habit of con
sulting the attornoy general or any
body else when I get ready to intro
duce a bill."
As to the cry that if this thing is
don? it- will drive capital from the
State, ho would say that if capital is to
como hero and oppress and rob our
people it should bo driven away. Ho
cited instances showing the4 as soon
as this compauy got control of tho cot
ton oil mills the price of soad and hulls
was increased without a corresponding
increase in tho prico of seed. This
continued until after the meeting of
the Legislature this year, when the
price was run up from 18 or 19 ceuts
to 27 cents a bushel. Some havo ar
gued that nono of tho fertilizer com
panies had been making money and
that tho Virginia-Carolina company
had paid more for them than they
were wocth;he said that was too thin.
No New Jersoy corporation is going
td come down here and pay moro for a
thing than it is worth. The fact that
tho company paid such a prico for the
plants it now controls shows that it did
not come hero to do a legitimate busi
ness, and ita history will show that by
extorlionato prices it has gollou back
many times over the monoy it invested.
This company did not bring any
now taxable propoity into tho State,
for all tho difforont plants wore in ox
istenco and pajing taxes before the
company came here. And if we drive
tho company oul of tho Stato tho State
will not lose any property, becauso all
these fertilizer plant? aud oil mills
will remain here and will coulinuo to
be run by other parties, by separate
concerns. Senator Graydon said that
ho was not an enemy of any legitimate
corporation, but ho was opposod to al
lowing any concern, whether foteigu
or dornestic, to come here and violate
tho laws of tho Stato as ; his company
has done. Tho Stato has tho right to
know tho conditions under which any
concern may do buaiuo&s in this Stu.e,
and ha thought it not unreasonable to
ask that this concern should agreo to
be bound by tho decisions of tho State
courts. He thought it would be an in
sult to the State courts if the Virginia
Carolina should refuse to accept this
condition. All that he asked was that
thecoucarn should comply with tho
same laws that domestic corporations
have to conform to. Is this unreason
able? Is this unfair? Is it unjust to
make the Virginia-Carolina company
conform to the same law? that citizens
of South Carolina have t? hvo under?
Senator Ma} field said that when it ie
lecallod that in somo sections of the
t?te the farms have produced a losser
Lumber of bales of cotton than ton? ol
fertilizer consumed, some idea can be
-? ' t
bad of their disparate straits. lie
then went iuto tho details of the bill
and the plan proposed. Ho was
strongly in favor of some legislation as
any ono, but ho was opposed to this
bill. Ho thought the Stale could not
maintain its right to proscribe tho con
ditioii8 set forth in the bill. Again, if
tho Virginia-Carolina company is the
unholy trust that has bcon alleged, it
should not be allowed to do business
in tho stale oven under the sanctity
of tho Slate. No Stato permission
can make right that wh<ch is wrong
of itself. Ho read from decisions of
of the courts showing that a State can
not lay down as a condition to a cor
poration entering ihe Stato its aggrec
ment to ho bound by Ihe State courts.
If we pass this resolution it will come
iu conflict wdth tho Federal courts and
will defeat its very object. Further
more, tho attorney general has stated
that ho docs not want this bill to pass;
that it will bo inimical to the interests
of tho Stato and will defeat tho suits
now being carried OU by tho attorney
goncral against tho company. Tho at
torney general is prosecuting the Vir
ginia-Carolina as a trust and tryiug lo
drive it out of tho Stato altogether,
whereas if this bill passes the company
can come into tho Stato ana do bttsi
ness.
Tho hour for adjournment having
arrived whilo Senator May Held was
speaking, tho Senate took a recess un
til 4 o'clock.
At Iho afternoon session Senalor
May field resumed his argumont in op
position to the bill against the Virgiuia
Carolina Chemical company. Ho said
that the company has been declared a
trust aud tho attorney general is light
ing it iu the courts as such, yet this
bill undertakes to allow this very trust
to come into the State and do business.
If this is passed it will set at naught
tho suit that has already been com
menced. It would let tho trust go un
whipped of justice Ho said ho fought
every measure that would glvo our
Stato courts jurisdiction in preference
to tho Federal courts, for ho knew of
no way by which tho constitution of
tho UnitodStates can be circumvented.
Where a State law comes in conflict
with tho Fcdernl law tho Stato law will
go dowu. And this Stato cannot mako
this or any other company pledge it
self to bo bound by tbo Stale courts.
Wo need somo legislation, but this is
not tho measure we need. It is a
special law and as such will not stand
the test of our own courts. Ho again
asserted that tho attorney general did
not want this bill to pass.
Senalor Henderson then defended
the substitute bill otlored by tho com
mittee. He said that all of us re
cognize that some legislation is needed,
yot it is urged that wo kill the bill aud
no substitute is offered. If this bill is
a bad one, why havon't they offered
ono that will suit? Ho said ho had no
word to say against the attornoy gen
eral, for that olllcor has performed his
duties well, aud will cc* tinuo to do so,
but ho called attention to tho fact that
in his report tho attornoy goueral had
stated that the Virginia-Carolina com
pany hod done business in tho Stato
prior to going before tho propor author
ities and obtaining permission lo do so.
This of itsolf, ho thought, wa8 aufll
cicnt to warrant this bill. Howover, ho
was not committed to tho bill in its
entirety, and was willing to allow an
amendment, striking out the reference
to the State courts, but he did not think
the bill in that shapo should pas*, it
is admitted that tho concern had
violated the 1 aw; lot us make them con
form to the law. If this bill is objoc
I ion able he, would join hands with any
body in perfecting it.
Sonator Walkor disapproved the bill.
It seems, he said, that the Virginia
Carolina company has beou selected of
all other corporations to appear bofore
the Senate practically under a hill oi
indictment. Ho was not tho defend
ant's attornoy, and had no porsonal in
terest in the manor whatever. There
aro four charges, the lirst i* that it is
a trust, tho second that it has violated
tho laws of the State, tho third that it
has carried a suit against it into the
United States court, and tho fourth is
that it is oppressing the people. He
quoted tho position taken by Judge
Hudson, tho assistant to tho attorney
genoral, who said that tho bill should
not pass as it would be taking snap
judgment. Tho issuo should be tried
fairly on its rnorlts in tho courts, whore
the case has ?I ready been commenced.
As to the charge that tho company had
defied the State by fading to tuko out
papers before commencing business, he
an'ted has it beon shown that this is
wilful? Has anybody Buffered, has the
Stato lost money? The attornoys of
the company frankly Bay that it was
through an oversight thai it was not
done, and that there was no intention
to defy the Stato or vi? late the laws.
O ASTORIA.
BmhUm y^lhe Kind You Hfte Always fartfH
There is a penalty for this technical
violation of tho law; let this penalty ho
onforccd, but not this measure.
As to the eh&rge that tho company
had carried a suit against it into the
Federal court*, he said that is a con
slitulioual light that no man or cor
poration should bo made to suffer for
exercising. Would not any Senator
havo done the putnc thing if ho had
thought that he had causo to do so?
Shall tho right of change of VOUUO be
denied? You all kn >w that when a
case is brought in tho Slate courts
against a corporation the jury is neatly
always prejudiced agaiust the corpora
tion. You all know how familiar in
the argument, ?? Oh, weil, the plaintiff
is a poor man and needs the inouey,
and the corporation is rich and wouldn't
miss it." Wo must admit this, aud,
looking at it fairly, you can't blame any
corporation for seeking to have its case
transferred to the Federal court where
this sentiment is minimized.
As to the charge that (ho company is
oppressing tho farmers of the State, he
asked seriously, is this true ? Are
prices extortiouate ? Ho said ho was
no farmer and knew nothing about fer
tilizers, but he had somo well dcllucd
iaeas. liy the act passed in 18!).'! the
**tato invited outside or foreign corpo
rations to come into tho Stato and do
t>nsiness. This company caiuoinlo the
Stato and bought up seven fertilizer
plants that wore nearly bankrupt, aud
started to do business. They do not
monopolize the fortilizor business in
tho Stato ; they do not control the out.
put. There are independent companies
in this and other States. It ts asserted
that tho Virginia-Carolina company has
a capital of 850,000,000. If this is
true, and the company wanted to
monopolize the fertilizer business, why
didn't it buy all the plants ? The fact
is that tho company simply bought up
a lot of run-down enterprises, put them
on their feet and commenced to do
business. That's all. If this is a mon
opoly why hasn't it frozen out all the
concerns ?
Recently a new fertilizer company
with a capital stock of #000,000 was
formed at Anderson, and a now plant
costing ?100,000 has just boon built iu
Columbia. Both of tbeso are indepen
dent companies, llo quoted figures to
bhow that the Virginia-Carolina com
pany has not d< resscd tho price of
seed and iucreascd tho price of hulls
aud meals as has been charged. It
may bo true that tho price of some
kinds cf fertilizers have been increased
within the past few years, but hasn't the
prico of the ingredients increased too ?
Doesn't it cost more to produce these
foitilizcrs now than it did a few years
ago ? There is no big profit in fertili
zers at the present uncos. Ask an} of
tho independent companies this. Sup
pose wo drive out tho Virgima Caroliua
company, what assurance, have we that
tho independent, companies will ml
form a combination and foini a trust in
fact as wi 11 as in m>mc ?
In conclusion he asked if it is going
to be tho policy of tho State to drive
out capital V Do we want to advertise
to the whole world that South Carolina
docs not want investors ? lie said this
bill involved not only the fate of the
Virginia-Carolina company, but many
others, of great aud varied interests.
Tho fato of the bill will have far-reach
ing iffects, and he hoped it would he
ki .led in the interests of the whole Stato.
A large syndicate ia bciug formed to
control the rico plantations around
Georgetown, which would bo as great
a God-send to that section as was the
big lumber company, and he teared
that if this bill passed the company
would not bo formed. He opposed
both tho bill and the substitute. Let
tho Virginia-Carolina company be tried
in the courts and if it bo convicted
there is a law to punish it.
Senator Dam well said that the Vir
ginia-Carolina is not the only ouc that
has violated the law iu the same respect
as is charged against it. There are
seven or eight others, all of thorn larger
than tho Virginia-Carolina company.
There was certainly no intentional
wrong, merely an inadvertence thi'OUgh
ignorance, yot this is taken p.* the ex
cuse for a bill which would, as Judge
Hudson said, " be soar; judgment," to
uso no less harsh expression. Besides,
any attempt- to prevent the transfer of
cases to the Ftdoral courts will always
be futile. Again, tho Stale should
have no reason to fear tho Federal
oourls if tho State has right on its side.
This bill that is hoforo us can do no
good ; it will do a great deal of harm.
It will hurt n great many sections of
tho Stato and it will help nobody. Ho
hoped that tho idea which seoined to
prevail that " somethiug ought to bo
done " would not cause tho Senate to
do that which would always be re
gretted. Because this company may
have, a bud name, do not let injustice
bo done.
Senator Talbird said that tho ques
tion of whether tho Virginia-Carolina
company is a trust really has nothing
to do with tho bill. He hud talked
with the attorney general and fully
understood his reasons for taking tho
position that he did. However, he hud
secured from him an amendment to
the bill which would meet tho issue
aud would stand the test of tho courts.
That amendment simply said tho Vir
ginia-Carolina should bo debarred from
doing business in this Stato on May 1,
1002, unless beforo that lime the com
pany shall domesticate itself in this
Stato as is now provided by law. He
offered this as an amendmont to tho
substitute bill.
Mr. Graydon then took tho floor and
mado somo further arguments in sup
port of tho measure. lie quoted from
many court decisions showing the
I power of States to control corporations.
I He contended that the Logislatuio has
tho right to prescribe tho conditions
upon which a foreign corporation may
do business in the State, and ho held
that the courts hnvo said that tho State
may prescribe as one of thcpo condi
tions that tho corporation shall agree
to bo bound by tho State courts. And
CASTOR! A
For Infants and Children.
The IM You Have Always Bought
Beam the
ho argued that this condition would
bo uphold by the United States su
preme court.
Senator Aldrich said wo aio called
upon to do that which has never been
done in South Ciroliua, to debar a legit
imate busiucRS corporation from doing
busiucss in the Stato. Naturally the
question wih bo asked, what arc the
reasons for this? These reasons should
have been set forth by tho advocates
of tho measure, but so far no valid rea
sons have been advanced. As to the
argument that tho price of fertilizers
ha) been raised, hasn't the prico of
every other commodity been increased?
Is this enough to justify this legisla
tion ? There is no reason for this bill
except unfounded public clamor. Aro
we to drive this company out of the
Slate because it did business here be- j
fore Illing its papers?its naturalization
papors, so to speak. The law already I
provides a penalty for this crime?if
crime it. can be. callad. The Legislature
of South Car Una cannot afford to en
act post facto laws.
The vote on tlic question of striking
out the enacting words of the bill re
sulted as follows :
Yeas?Aldrich, Appclt, Ham well,
Ulakehey, Boweu, Caughman, Dennis,
Gaiues, Glenn, Goodwin, Dough, Man
nlug, Maylield, Moore, Sheppard,
Stackhonse, Stanland, Sullivan. Wal
ker, Williams?20.
Nays?lirice, Douglass, Graydon,
Henderson, Herudon, Hydrick, Mower,
Sarialt, Sharpo, Talbird?10.
The enacting words were stricken
out and tho bill was killed.
Another Disi'knsaky Fruit.?
The Florence correspondent of the
News and Courier says that it seems
as if there is to he another hot light in
the State courts over the disp nsary
law. Some time ago elections were
held in Scrantou aud Lake City, two
thriving towns in Williauisburg Coun
ty, as to 41 Dispensary M or 4i No Dis
pensary." The election in both places
resulted, by a very close vote, in favor
of the dispeusary. Those who voted
" No dispensary " have secured Mr. S.
\V. G. Shipp, of this city, as eousel.
Yesterday Mr, Shipp wont to Cheraw
and secured a temporary injunction
from Chief .Justice Mclver. The in
junction writ is made returnable at the
next meeting of the supreme court,
which will, of course, stop tho estab
lishment of dispensaries at Lake City
and Scranton for a time at least. In
his argument before Chief Justice Mc
lver, Mr. Shipp made a strong point,
against the dispensary law, churning
that it is unconstitutional in that it ex
empfed certain counties from tho pro
visions of the dispensary 1 iw, which is
undoubtedly special legislation.
It appears that in the first act on
this subject , in counties which had pro
hibitory liquor provisions and in towns
which had adopted ??local option"
laws, special provision was made as
follows: '* Provided, that dispensa
ries may bo established in tho counties
oi Williamsburg, 1'iekens and Marion
and at Seneca anil other towns now
Incorporated in Ooonee County, with
out such election 4 on ' compliance
with tha other requirements of this
act."
iiy some means or other in the pro
vision the " on " was changed, proba
bly by error in the engrossing depart*
ment, in the act of 18!)<> to 14 or,"
which materially changes the whole
business and removes the section en
tirely from under the operation of the
law. .lust what will be the outcome
will be anxiously awaited by a large
number of South Carolinians.
Tuk RoitlirNS Tkaukdv.?An in
teresting ease eaiue beforo Justice
Pope, of the supreme court, when a
motion was inailo last week to graut
bail to George Kirklaud, indicted for
murder. Simply stated the facts seem
to be about as follows: At a party at
the residence of Mr. J. C. Gritlin, of
Itobbins, in Uarnwell County, on the
evening of the .'ilstof December last,
while the dancing was in progress, Mr.
George Cobb uuintentinally gave of-1
fence to Mr. Arthur Dunbar, who left
tho room and in a few moments re
turned with his father, Mr. George
Dunbar, and his brother, Mr. Harry
Dunbar, all of whom approached Mr.
(Jobb in a threatening manner. Mr.
Alfred Scnnctt interposed to prevent a
difficulty, when Mr. George Dunbar
drew out his pistol. Mr. F. 1\ Sen
nett also interposed lo kcop the peace,
whon ho was shot. lie then shot
Gcorgo Dunbar dead and a general
shooting ensued, tho result of which
was tho killing of Harry Dunbar and
the mortally wounding of Arthur Dun
bar, who died a few days later of his
wounds. Afior tho geueral (hooting
was over Geoigo Kirkland apponred
on tho scene aud shot P. P. Soonelt,
who was lying wounded on the floor;
it is for this that ho is now under in
dictment for murder.
Tho testimony is said to bo conflict
l?g, it being contended by him that
Sonuctt was attempting to shoot him
at the time, while on tho other hand it
is testified lo by several witnesses that
Kirkland disarmed Sonnott before
shooting him.
Justice I'opc'grauted bail m the sum
of ?.'5,000 wbh not less than two nor
more than five securities.
During a school toa the other day a
kindly old doctor was regarding ono of
the young guosts with evident alarm.
Undismayed by the doctor's gl uiccs,
tho young scholar rapidly demolished
plate aller \A do of bread and butler
aud cake. At last the doctor could
stand it no longer. Going up to the
young rascal, he said:
" My boy, have, you ever read any |
book which would tell you what to eat,
what to drink and what to avoid?"
" Lor' bless yor, sir," replied the
young gentleman, with his mouth hall
full of plum cako, " I don't want no
book. Why, I oats all I can, drinks
all I cm and I avoids burstin'."?Tit
Hits.
Gilbert Parker, tho famous English
novelist, who has just been visiting
this country, said bofiro leading foi
England that the Araorican working
man Is moro enterprising than the
English in that he welcomes hiachin
ery, whilo the English working man
doas not. V
Royal.
Baking Powder
Makes the bread
more healthful.
Safeguards the food
against alum*
Alum baking powders are the greatest
menacers to health of the p?- 'sent day.
ROVAl. fUKINO POWDER CO., NEW YORK.
IN A HUMOROUS VKIN.
" He's n grandfather and yet he's
going to marry that young Miss Kittio
Skittish."
" Yes. He's old enough not lo know
any bettor."
Tb^ Teacher?When the Loga got
caught in the fast -moving stream, what
would you call that?
Tho Hoy?Why, I'd call that a cur
rent jam.?Yokei-8 Statesman.
Mrs. Neighbors?Do you aud your
husband live happily together?
Mrs. Eupeck?Sure. I'd just liko to
cee my husband try not to live happily
with me.?Chicago News.
Mamma: "Teacher tells me you
we re very naughty in school yesterday.
Why did you not tell mo yourselt?"
Tommy: " Why ?er?you always
told n>e not to tell talon out of school."
?' You say you are not sure it was
suicide?" acked the newspa?sr man.
" No, stranger," responded Amber
Pete; "lie was playing solitaire, caught
himself cheating, and, of course, he
hail lo shoot.?Chicago News.
" What is the difference between a
stutesman and a politician?"
" A statesman is a man who can
bamboozle the public without being
found out; a politician is a man who
doesn't care whether he is found out
or not so long as he gains his ends."
"If I had an engagement with you,"
said the clerk, "it would be this."
Anu he gently placed a date with a
peach.
" No," answered the prctt} cashier,
" it would be like this."
And she laid tho date beside the
canned iobslers.
Teacher?" What zone is in
which wtc live?" Johnny?? i m?
peralc.*' Teacher?"Correct. N-"*
what is meant by a'temperate zone
Johnny??*? it's a place where il
freezin' cold in winter an' red-hot iu
summer,"?Philadelphia Prose.
44 I suppose," said the physician
smiling and trying to appear v-'itty,
while feeling the pulse of a lady patient,
44 I suppose you consider mo an i 1(1
humbug?"
44 Why, doctor," replied the lady, 441
had no idea you could ascertain a wo
man's thoughts by merely feeling her
pulse."
44 How's Mandy gittin' along at that
fashionable boardiu' school?"
44 She's learnin' things hand over
list. She can write a four-page letter
now so's you have to turn it upside
down and sideway six or eight tnuos
'fore you git to the. end of it."?
Chicago Record-Herald.
44 Yes," said the Fairy Piince, " you
may have whatever you want for a
Christmas present."
441 will choose," said the Fortunate
Person, 44 either a wife or an automo
bile."
I 44How foolish!" exclaimed the Fairy
I Prince. 44 Why do you not select some
thing that you can manage?"
44 There is another application for
you to give something to a vary worthy
enterprise)" said the Congressman's
wife.
44 Well, it's a hard mat r to decide,"
ho answered, "It I don't give, my
constituents will consider me ungra
cious. And if 1 do, they will think I
am luxuriating hero in Washington,
with nothing to do but waste money."
44 As to my niorit," said the young
man who was asking the lady's father
for her hand, 44 you will have to take
me at my face value."
44 Well," answered the foud father,
you'll have to drop m later in the day.
The market quotations on brass aro
not out yet."?Baltimore American.
Some years ago at a Mardi Gras ball
at the Hopkins Institute of Art, a man
masked, approached a woman masked
and asked her for a dance, as is con
sidered right and proper at Mardi Gras
44 Hut I don't know you, sir," said the
lady in her most icy tone. VV . 1,
I'm taking as big a risk as )uu are,"
retorted the man.?San Francisco Ar
gonaut.
Jacob A. lliis tells of an Irish team
ster who went to tho priest in a fright;
ho hntl seen a gliOBton the church wall
as ho passed it in tho night. " And
what was it like?" asked tho priest.
" It was like nothing so much as a big
ass," said Patrick wild eyed. "Go
home, Pat, and bo easy r .plied the
piiest, soothingly: "you've ou'v soon
your own shadow."
?'D?ring my absence,"says a piyisi
cian quoted by The Rochester 1' at
Express, ? my twe hoys got iul.t my
consulting room, wbero^4,hey h'
to play at boitig 'doctors.' "I'reaojHly
one of them unlocked the dot r and dfiV^
closed a skeleton, 'Pooh. What nro
you 'fraid of?' ho asked. * It's noth
ing but an old skoliington.' ?W-wh
whore did It come from?' asked tha
other with chattering toeth. ?Ob, ,1
don't know, Papa's had It a long ti ?.
I expect it was his first patient.' f?
o .a. m *r o m x -a. ?
Bear* the _A N>B Kind YOU Haw AlwajfS BotlgM

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