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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, February 19, 1902, Image 2

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THIS ANTI-TRUST
L?GI8I/ATION
The Rouse Bill to Prohibit the
Formation oi Trusts and Mono
polies.
Tho bill iulruduced by Mr. W. J.
Johnson lo prohibit tho formation of
trusts and monopolies in this Slate,
and which is a copy of the Hogg law
in Texas, canio up for discussion iu
tho House, and a motion was made to
striko out the enacting words, which
was afterwards withdrawn. In order
to roach a test voto, tho motion to
strike out tho enacting words was re
nowed and tho previous question was
called, which lorccd a vole to bu taken.
Tho Houso refused to striko out the
enacting words by a voto of 84 to 34,
and tho hill was left for further con
sideration. Tho diecuBsiou was re
ported as follows:
Mr. Johnson, who was tho first to
speak upon the hill, said ihul ii had
been shown by the special report of
the attorney general that tho present
anti trust laws oro practically ineffect
ive a no wholly inadequate to remedy
tho evils of trusts growing out of the
constant combination and amalgama
tion of rival interests for the solo pur
pose of stilling competition. This ic
port has been mado by the attorney
general after a most thorough and ex
haustive examination and investiga
tion in pursuanco of tho joint resolu
tions directing tbo samo. Thj bill, al
though voluminous, has been prepared
with the aid and advico of tho attor
ney general, who by reason of his con
nection with the matter is thoroughly
familiar and conversant with tho evils
and must necessarily bo regarded as an
authority for a remedy.
The bill has been prepared with
great care, study and consideration,
and every precaution bus been taken
against coming in coutlict with tho
State or Federal constitution, and it
simply provides agaiust the formation
of trusts and combines to defeat and
prevent legitimate competition.
No claim can bo mado that this bill
will drive capital from tho Stato lor
almost eery Stato in the Union now
has anti-trust laws, and many of them
very drastic and sweeping in I heir pro
visions. It is very necessary that we
should havo effective anti-trust legis
lation and restrict tho heartless corpo
rations wheu thoy attempt to extort
money unjustly from tho great musses
of the people. Corporations havo many
privileges that individuals do not havo
and this bill is only intended for the
protection of the people against unjust
extortion. Now if those who are op
posed to tho passage of this bill are
sincere and just, and only want legiti
mate profits why are thoy uuwil ing to
launch out into tho business and com
mercial world upon their merits, and
compete with other liko concerns for
their just share of business? Morit
most invariably wins its just rewardd
but theso constant combiucs of rival
concerns are labelled from head to foot
with suspicion aud daugcr, and the
whole object is to praclico unjust ex
tortion .
Tho formation of trusts during tlio
last few years have reached such a
magnitude as to arouse, an interest to
the danger of trusts throughout tho
whole civilized world. Huge corpora
tion after corporation have consolidat
ed and then all the power and intluonce
of amalgamated wealth is utilized to
weave a complcto net work around
every similar ptoducing plant with the
evident purposo of either absorbing
the rival concern or driving them from
the commercial field. The trusts have
increased and nourished under the
fostering caro of the Republican ad
ministration until nearly all the ave
nues of iudustry aro being fed and
clothed by tho trusts.
The trusts of this nation alono havo
a capitalization that approaches the en
tire volume of metallic money in the
whole world; thoy havo a combined
capital which almost if not quite equals
all of the gold and silver used by tho
people of the entire world, and thus
armed with such a powerful concentra
tion of wealth and capital they make
war upon similar competing concerns
and soon sweep them from tho commer
cial Held by absorption or driving them
into bankruptcy. And then with no
competition to meet or law to restrict.
It is theu that the dangerous feature
of extortion is unbiidled to prey upon
the honest gotten gains of a helpless
people.
If the numerous and constant com
bines are not for tho sole purpose of
extortion, why do they combiue? If
they want to iucrease their capital or
enlarge their plants, no one e mid ob
ject to that; this country is quite large
enough for all the increase or enlarge
ment, they may desire, that is legiti
mate and would increase the taxable
property of the State and givo employ
ment to others, but that is not the kind
of increase thoy want.
They want to water their stock and
absorb and gobble up all competing and
rival concerns that they may be free
and untrammelcd in theit'dishonest ex
tortion, upon the great consuming pub
lic.
To show you the complete power and
control of monopoly and the highhand
ed way iu which it is wielded, 1 will re
fer you to the groat prints combine at
Fall River, the manufacturing centre
of America. Thoy bought our fleecy
staple afow years ago at 8 conts before
they joined in tho mar fuctuio of the
cotton in to clothes and then sold the
goods back to the Southern jobbers at
3 cents per yard in 1808 after going
into the trust. Cotton decliued to 4
1-2 cents per pound and this same low
price cotton was bought up- by the
same trusts and manufactured into
Iirint cloths and again sold back to the
obbersat 6 cents por yard, an advanco
of nearly 100 per cent., while the raw
material had declined nearly 100; now
if the mills were making money
when they were buying our raw ma
terial at 8 cents and soiling the cloths
at 8 cents per ya**d imagine tho out
rageous robbery when they bought the
same raw material at 4 1-2 cents and
sold the manufactured goods at ?
cents.
And beside the principle of mono*
poly is vicious, dangerous and intoler
able to say nothing of extortion.
When an independent corporation or
concern caunot ontor tho business or
commercial world upon its merits and
moet legitimate competition and take
oven chances with other liKo concerns
it should go to tho wall and should not
bo given special privileges to practice
thoir outrageous oxtortions upon the
great cousuming public.
Mr. Juo. r. Thomas, Jr., opposed
tho bill. It is founded upon a pernicious
and erroneous principle. He (.id not
claim that trusts should not bo re
gulated. Hut capital canuot bo pre
veulud from making combinations. No
Stale Legislature can prevent combi
nation. Ho was doubtful if il is wiso
to attempt to so preveut ihcui. Hut it
is tho duty of every cili/.cn (o see that
they are properly regulated. There is
a correel principle of legislation for the
State to regulato prices. Tho combi
nation of railroads into systems has
not in an evil senso affected tho peo
ple, because the Stale has regulated
the rates. Ho doubted the truth of the
saying that14 C impotition is tho life of
trade. ' Ho declared that tho cfll
oieucy of the service is increased with
the size of the coucoms. Whenover
mercantile or manufacturing eslublisb
mcnls become combined until they bo
come monopolies, then they should be
regulated. Ho agreed that thoro are
evils iu tho oporatious of the trusts,
but thoy canuot bo cured by grafting
on our statute books laws taken bodily
from the statuto books of Texas. Ho
then attacked tho bill iu some of its
provisions, particularly the section pre
venting tho organization of companies
to control tho sale of patents and
patented articles. This would prevent
8 company from being organized to
mauufactuao a patented cotton planter,
etc. Ho did not believe that, when
e\er "foreign capital" is referred to
in legislation they should make the
cry, " don't drive foreign capital
away," but he believes that tho-foreign
capital should be subject to regulations.
Howevor, there should bo a bill to cor
rect a 8pecillc ovil and not to generalize.
Mr. M. L. Smith, of Kcrshaw, fol
lowed Mr. Thomas. Tho people of
the State had in 1894 elected then
wisest men to frame a constitution for
the State. That constitution makes it
mandatory upon tho General Assem
bly to pass laws to prevent tho forma
tion of trusts, combinations of capital.
Tho constitution says "shall." It is
not iu tho organic law of tho law of
tho Stale to ?? regulate," us Mr. Them
as argued, but to "prevent."
Mr. Smith 'then went on to say that
the law now on tho statuto books is iu
violation of tho inlcistato commerco
law, and will somo day bo wiped off
tho statute books.
Tho anti-trust laws in 33 States are
no moro radical than this proposed
measure. There is need for proper
anti-trust laws. He declared that if
this kind of law would koop capital out
of the State, why does Texas hold on
to the Hogg law? The bill allows one
firm or ono corporation to unito with
another, providing tho combination is
not for tho purpose of controlling
prices and driving out competitor*.
That is what tho bill seeks to prohibit.
It is a question of fact to be passed up
on by a jury.
Tho constitution gives the right to
the Legislature to take away the cor
porate rights of companies violating
the laws of the State.
Ho was followed by Mr. Weston,
who doclarod thut he is not tho repre
sentative of any trust. The General
Assembly cannot in being true to it
self do anything which Will injure. Ihn
interests of tho Slate. He told how L
Q. 0. Lamar had gone contrary to tho
wishes of the people of Mississippi, but
had by them been vindicated, as ho
had done what was right and what
they afterwards saw was right. He
attacked popular legislation which will
not bo bentficial to the interests of tho
State. Liko Addison'? Cato, he de
plored the creature who would become
great on his State's ruin.
Mr. Weston wont on to say that if
South Carolina should adopt such a
law as this sho would bo blacklisted
and capital would seek investments
elsewhere. IIo stated that this bill
had been killed two years ago. (Mr.
Johnson stated that it had not been
killed in this House.) Mr. Woston
answered that tho House might have
passed it hoping for tho Senate to kill
it. Aa % stockholder in a fertilizer
company which had sold to the Vir
ginia Carolina Chenncal Company he
declared that they found little, money
in tho business and were glad to soli to
tho larger corporation. This bill
would keep a man from accepting the
agency for a bicycle or a sowing ma
chine, manufacturer.
Mr. H?cker asked if the Virginia
Carolina had built a single plant in the
State for tho State's interests- Mr.
Woston repliod that it had done what
was equivalent, it had bought up
bankrupt plants.
Mr. DeHruhl in roply to Mr. Woston
s.iid that if this bill is wrong in prin
ciple, so is tho law now on the statuto
hooks and so was the actiou of the
Legislature authorizing the attorney
goueral to investigate. Tho policy of
tho State was settled by the constitu
tion iu 1896.
Ho declared that there Is nothing in
the bid to keep foreign capital out of
the Slate. If capital doosen't want to
aquiesce in tho laws of a State, it
should keep out of tho State. The
farmers who have had the price of
their cotton seed reduced arbitrarily
know whether or not trusts are good
things tor the people. Ho didn't
think the Fed >ral Congross could reach
the trusts as effectively as tho Stales
can. Theso trusts iiavo never created,
have never built, a plant in tho State
and cannot bo contributing to the
taxes.
Mr. Ashley wanted to know if the
bill would not keep the farmors from
organizing to control tho price of cot.
ton.
Mr. Dellruhl explained that the
farmers will be able to hold their cot
ton.
Mr. It. 11. A. Kobi'iRon opposed the
bill. Wo hud hold out the olive branch
to the people of tho North and now
Kineo they have come hero if we so to
oppressing them it will be violating a
truat?and he would sooner steal. The
bill hatched up hero lately b stained
with persecution, not prosecution.
Col. Hobiuson told a joke. A hard
headed boy got kicked by a mule.
When he recovered his consciousness
ho asked his daddy, " Will it leave a
scai?" Tho old man replied, " Yes,
you will never look pretty attain, but
you will havo a durned sight more
senso." He said tho Legislature was
fixing to learn a hard lesson.
Mr. Wingo opposed tho trusts und
favored the bill. Tho Virginia-Caro
lina Chomieal company is buying up
plants in tho .Static How? By run
ning dowu tho prico of products, by
forcing tho httlo companies to the wall
aud thus buying them in. Tho far
mers will see tho price of guano go up
when tho Virginia-Carolina Chemical
company gets control of the fertilizer
manufacturing world.
Mr. Webb opposed the bill for the
reason that it prevents labor from being
organized. The bill is too sweopiug.
It would prevent carpenters or other
woikmon from organizing to control
tho prieo of thoir labor. Ho would
voto for the bill if it could be so
nnundedthat tho labor organization*
could not bo intortcred with.
Mr. Croft then spoke in lavor of the
bill. In answer to Mr. Thomas ho said
that competition is the lifo of trade.
The Boston tea party incident showed
what the peoplo thought of arbitrary
methods of assessing commodities. Ho
thou gave a ruuniug account of tho
growth of corporato woalth in this
country. No nation on tho earth can
now be compared to America in wealth.
She exceeded Britain in 1880. Now
she has more wealth than Austria,
Russia aud Italy eombiued. Tho
questiou is to prevent riches from as
suming arrogance.
The evil of the trust is that so great
a crop of cottou seed cannot bo con
trolled by the farmers, but is directed
at tbo stroke of a pen of the chairman
of a board of directors. Ho had re
cently had a caso against the trust
which brought tho facts to light. His
client had offered seed for sale in Aiken
and had been offorcd 11) cents; tho
client later went to Augusta and sold
for 21 ceuts. He wont back to Aiken
and told tho Aiken man of his sale.
The Aiken mill claimed a forfeiture of
300 tons of seed from tho Augusta
mill. Tho latter asked Mr. Croft's
client for a release from the trade. As
an honorable man his client agreed
and then came to Mr. Croft to seek re
dress iu the law agaiust trusts. Mt.
Croft declared that his investigations
had led him to see how thecotion seed
crop of the State is controlled here in
Columbia. Each mill is allowed a cer
tain territory and a certain price.
There are heavy forfeitures if they ex
ceed the limits prescribed.
As to Federal legislation, he wished
to God that bomelhing could be done,
but it seoms improbable. As to Mr.
Ashley's argument that tho farmers
would not be able to organizo a trust,
ho eald that they would ucver organi/.o
anyway.
Mr. Croft made a splendid reply to
the argument that the bill would keep
put capital. Texas is not hampered
by the Hogg law and in the oil wcIIb
of Texas is the one hopo for success
against tho Standard Oil company.
There have bcon many such bills in the
General Assembly and tho cry has al
ways boon that it would kcop out capi
tal, but no ?incorporation acts have
evor kept out capital and the industries
of the Stato have grown. Mr. Croft's
was a splendid speech, and a synopsis
does not do it full justice. Ho fpoko
for an hour and kept tho atteution of
the usually restless and inattentive
House.
At the night session, when the bill
against trusts was again under discus
sion, Mr. C. E. ltobinson, of Piokcns,
stated that ho was one of those who
had voted against striking out tho en
acting words. He had done so hoping
that tho measure could bo properly
modified. He feared, however, that
tho mattor could not bo properly dis.
cussed at this session, so he moved to
reconsider the vote whereby tho House
had already refused to adjourn the de
bate.
This motion was not debatable, but
there wero " points of order " raised.
Tho voto was taken finally and the
House by a vote of -17 to 40 decided to
reconsider the voto of the morning.
Mr. ltobinson thon moved to adjourn
debate. This was carried by ono voto
?51 to 50, which killed tho bill for
his* mi m.
Gratitude
Always seeks to find some expression
for itself, and womanly gratitude will not
keep alienee. Cynical people sometimes
say Why do women write these testimo
nials to the value of Dr. Plerce's Favorite
? , - Prescription? The
answer can be
? j put in one word,
ijfoff~3l rv\^S^Ci GwMtudtf When.
|gy^j\L-*j v**^ tvj^fc after yeara of
VT/ r~C/aKM1^\ |g agony a woman is
nhn/ltlxBu Hillll wn"n tnu weak
,/! M//jU^H^^B|U| Woman is made
( uJf?^ Jk ^wHlr 8tro,,K n"d tin;
Ilf^^^^i5>r^w//I IF s^c^ woman well,
f>^Vj^^?^^l(((||) the natural im
? V 7 *l?VsyllVx* ll IUI Pu,se *8 to write a
\? **Wrl[Ul * wl I word of grateful
^AiiA' * 1*an ks for the
v ,1 /^vb^V^Aui medicine which
V **ltl caused the cure.
,Vj^^ir^ I)r> plcrce'8
?5225555555***? voiite Prescription
S^y cures diseanca
n&^//fl/f\\ lK\2 lO ^* establishes regu
WfflWi\ ]] JAl\\ 1 I hirity, stops wenk
i/lulm IrflhS IK en'ug drains, heala
// l/ffi I //f/l\l\ //\ hiflammatlon and
/Mini liw//li '/iv ulcerRtlon and
ilf illll #/w7 fl I [At cure8 female
01 MiV/ 11 II [\ |M weakness.
\ \ \) / A\ \V\\ ll " H*vi'!? t?**d Dr.
d^Al I I IvMWvl \ plerc?'? PatpfitS Pr?
^***?d >?Ty.\S: scr|l>Hoti nnd 'Golden
\ "'^j Medical Discovery'
during the i-n t year,*
write* Mr*. Mottle Tjonsf, of PfouY* Valley, Perry
Co., Pa. "I can truthftaUy recommend the medi
cine* for nil femitle weakneaae*. I have used
several tiottle* of 1 Favorite Prescription 1 which
I consider n great blessing to weak women, I
wa? so nervous and dlsconrngcd that I hnrdly
knew what to do. Your kind advlco foi home
trciitmrnt hrl|>ed ma wonderAitly. Thank* to
Dr. Pierce."
Doctor Pierce'* Pleasant Pellets cure
biliousness, and sick headache. They
should be used in connection with
"Favorite Prescription," whenever the
um of a UucAtive is indicated.
SALT RHEUM CURED BY
Johnston's Sarsaparilla
QUART BOTTLES.
JUS* SEEN IN TIWI5.
Sllclit Skin Krnpttona are a Warning of Something lTIore Serlona to Coma*
'I'llI? Only Sato Way In to Hoed the Warning* Johnston's Sarsaparilla
la ilio Mum Powerful Mood Purifier Known.
Nature, In her efforts to correot mistakes, which mistakes havo como from
careless living, or it muy bo from ancestors, shoots out pimples, blotches and
other imperfections on the skin, aa a warning that more sorious troubles (per
hups tumors, cancers, erysipelas or pulmonary diseases) aro certain to follow if
you neglect to heed tho warning ana correct the mistukes.
Many a lingering, painful disease and many an early death bus been avoided
simply becauso those notes of warning have "been heeded and tho blood kept
pure by a right use of JOHNSTONTS SAUSAPAIULLA.
Miss Abbie J. Rande, of Marshall, Mich., writes:
" I was cured of a bad humor after Buffering with it for five years. Tho
doctors and my friends said it was salt rhoum. It came out on my head, neck
and ears, and then on my whole body. I was perfectly raw with it. What I
Buffered during those flvo yoar'. is no uso telling. Nobody would believe mo if
1 did. I tried every medicine . at was advertised to cure it. I spent mouey
enough to buy a house. I heard JOHNSTON'S SARSAPARILLA highly
praised. I tried a bottle of it. I began to improve right away, and when 1 hud
linisbed tho third bottlo I was completely oured. I have never had a touch of it
since. I never got any thing to do mo tho least good till I tried JOHNSTON'S
SARSAPARILLA. I would heartily advise all who are suffering from humora
or skin diseaso of anv kind to try it at once. I had also a good deal of stomach
trouble, and was run down and miaerablo, but JOHNSTON'S SARSAPARILLA
mado mo all ri#ht."
Tho blood is your lifo and If you keep it pure and 'ong you can positively ro
sist disease or fucocon ta^ion fearlessly. JOHNSTO 9 SARSAPARILLA never
fails. It is for sale by all druggists, in full quart bottles at only one dollar each.
MIUUXOAN XJ3Lt.tr CA- OOUPAIffT, DBITIIOIT, BOXCTXa*
For Salo by tho Laurtns Drug Company, Laurons, S. C.
VIRGINIA-CAROLINA
CHEMICAL COMPANY
The Fertilizer Company Won the
Fight in the Senate.
Senator Gray<lon,8 bill to repeal tho
charter of tho Virginia Carolina Chem
ical company was taken up. Tho ju
diciary had made two reports. The ma
jority reported a substitute bill to tho
effect that if tho company does not
comply with all tho laws of tho State
by May 1st, and also agree to abido by
the State courts, then its permission
to do bn-iiicss in the State should be
withdrawn.
Senator Manning moved to strike
out the enacting words, aud Senator
Graydon thon took tho floor to defend
the uica8ure. He said he had intro
duced it without consultation with any
oue, and had done so becauso ho be
lieved the Virginia-Carolina company
is the most vicious trust that is op
pressing tho people of the Mate. It is
grinding the fanners, and unless ihn
I arm is are prosperous and contented
we have lost the balance wheel, noth
ing will go right. We talk about our
cotton mills aud other industries, but
if the farmers do not prosper nothing
will prosper. He considered this tho
most vitally important measure that
will come up at this session. We all
know that since tho Virginia-Carolina
company secured control of tho ferti.
lizer business in the State the prico has
gouo up $2 to ?}U per ton. In other
words, tho trust ia wringing out of the
pockets over half a million dollars per
year. This has been going on for
three years, and tho levy may be in
creased at any time uuless we put a
8top to this robbery now.
The attorney general, at the direc
tion of the Legislature, has made an
investigation of tho workings of tho
concern, and in a special report to the
General Assembly ho recommended
that tho privilege bo withdrawn from
tho company to do business in tho
State. And 30t before the committee
he said he would not advise the pas
sage of the 1 ( ??lntums, aud intimated
that he felt slighted because ho had not
been consulted before their introduc
tion. Ho would not impugn tho mo
tives of tho attorney general in his sud
den change of front, but it certainly
does look strauge. "As for myself,"
explained Senator Graydon emphati
cally, " I am not in the habit of con
sulting the attorney general or any
body else when I got ready to intro
duce a bill."
As to the cry that if this thing is
done it will drive capital from tho
State, ho would say that if capital is to
como hero and oppress and rob our
people it should bo driven away. Ho
cited instances showing that as soon
as this company gjt control of the cot
ton oil mills the price of Bead and hulls
was increased without a corresponding
increase in tho prico of scud. This
continued until after the meeting of
the Legislature this year, when tho
prico was run up from 18 or 11) conts
to 27 cents a bushel. Some havo ar
gued that none of tho fertilizer com
panies had been making money and
that tho Virginia-Carolina company
had paid moro for them than they
were worth; Im said that was too thin.
No New Jersey corporation is going
to come down hero aud pay moro for a
thing than it is worth. The fact that
the company paid such a prico for the
plants it now controls shows that it did
not come horo to do a legitimate busi
ness, and its history will show that by
extoitionato prices it has gotten back
many times over the monoy it invested.
This company did not bring any
new taxable propoity into tho State,
for all the different plants were in ex
istence and pacing taxes before the
company came hore. And if wo drive
tho company out of the State tho State
will not lose any property, because all
thoso fertilizer plants and oil mills
will remnin hero and will coutinuo to
bo run by other parties, by separate
concerns. Senator Graydou said that
ho was not an enemy of any legitimate
corporation, but ho was opposed to al
lowing any concern, whether foreign
or domes! ic, to come horo and violate
tho laws of tho Stato as this company
has done. Tho Stato has tho right to
know tho conditions undor which any
concern may do busiuo&s in this Stale,
and lie thought it not unreasonable to
ask that this concorn should agree to
be bound by the decisions of tho Stato
oourts. He thought it would bo an in
sult to the State courts if tho Virginia
Carolina should rofuse to accept this
condition. All that he asked was that
thocoucarn should con ply with the
same laws that domestic corporations
havo to conform to. Is this unreason
able? Is this unfair? Is it unjust to
make the Virginia-Carolina company
conform to the samo laws that citizens
of South Carolina have ts hvo under?
Senator Maj field said that when it is
1 ecallod that in some sections of the
.v t?te the farms have produced a lesser
Lumber of bales of c01 ton" than tons of
fertilizer consumed, ioine idea can be
had of their desparalo straits. He
then went iuto tho details of the hill
and the plan proposed. Ho was
strongly in favor of some legislation as
any ono, but ho was opposed to this
bill. He thought the State could not
maintain its right to prescribe tho con.
ditioii8 Bet foith in tho bill. Again, if
the Virgiuia-Uarolina company is the
unholy trust that has been alleged, it
Bhould not be allowed to do business
in tho Slato oven under the sanctity
of tho Stale. No Stato permission
can make right that wh'ch is wrong
of itself. Ho read from decisions of
of the courts showing that a State can
not lay down as a condition to a cor
poration entering the Stato its aggroe
ment to bo bound by the Slate courts.
If we pass this resolution it will come
in coullict with tho Federal courts and
will defeat its very object. Further
more, tho attorney gcnoral has stated
that ho docs not want this bill to pass;
that it will bo inimical to the interests
of tho Slato and will defeat tho suils
now being carried on by the attorney
general against the company. Tho at
torney general is prosecuting the Vir
ginia-Carolina as a trust and trying to
drive it out of tho State altogether,
whereas if this bill passes the company
can come into tho Stato and do busi
ness.
Tho hour for adjournment haviug
arrived while Senator May Held was
speaking, the Senate took a recess un
til 4 o'clock.
At the afternoon session Senator
Maylleld resumed his argument in op
position to the bill against the Virgiuia
Carolina Chemical company. He said
that the company has boon declared a
trust and tho attorney general is light
ing it in the courts as such, yet this
bill undertakes to allow this very trust
lo como into tho State and do business.
If this is passed it will set at naught
tho suit that has already been com
menced. It would let the trust go un
whipped of justice. Ho said ho fought
every measure that would glvo our
Stato courts jurisdiction in preference
to the Federal courts, for ho knew of
no wav by which tho constitution of
tho United States can bo circumvented.
Whore a State law comes in conflict
with the Federul law the Stato law will
go down. And this Stato cannot mako
this or any other company pledge it
self to be bound by the State courts.
Wo need some legislation, but this is
not tho measure wo need. It is a
special law and as such will not stand
the test of our own courts. Ho again
assorted that the attorney geuoral did
not want this bill to pass.
Senator Henderson then defended
tho substitute bill oliored by tho com
mittee. Ho said that all of us re
cognize that some legislation is uuedod,
yot it is urged that wo kill the hill and
no substitute is offered. If this bill is
a bad one, why havon't they offered
ono that will suit? Ho said ho had no
word to say against the attorney gen
eral, for that otlicor has performed his
duties well, and will continuo to do so,
but ho calkd attention to tho fact that
in his report tho attorney goncral had
stated that the Virginia-Carolina com
pany had done business in tho Stato
prior to going boforo tho proper author
ities and obtaining permission to do so.
This of itsolf, ho thought, was Bufli
cicnt to warrant this bill. Howover, he
was not committed to tho bill in its
entirety, and was willing to allow an
amendment, striking out the roferenco
to tho Stato courts, but ho did not think
the hill in that shapo should pass. It
is admitted that tho concoru had
violated tho Uw; lot us mako them con
form to tho law. If this bill is objoc
l inn at ile ho WOUld join hau da with an y -
body in perfecting it.
Sonator Walker disapproved the bill.
It seems, he said, that the Virginia
Carolina company has been selected of
all other corporations to appear boforo
the Sonate practically under a bill of
indictment. Ho was not tho defend
ant's attorney, and had no personal in
lorest in tho matter whatever. There
aro four charges, tho llrst is that it is
a trust, tho sccoud that it has violated
tho laws of the Stato, tho third that it
has carried a suit against it into the
United States court, and the fourth is
that it is oppressing tho pooplo. Ho
quoted tho position taken by Judge
Hudson, tho assistant to tho attorney
genoral, who said that tho hill should
not pass as it would bo taking snap
judgmont. Tho issuo should bo tried
lairly on its merits in tho courts, whore
the case has already been commenced.
As to the charge that the company had
defied the State by fading to take oui
papers boforo commencing business, ho
as'<ed has it beon shown that thin is
wilful? lias anybody suffered, has the
State lost money? The attorneys of
the company frankly say that it was
through an "oversight thai it was not
done, and that there was no intention
to defy the Stato or vh lato the laws.
OABTORIA.
BeArttna y^lha Kind You Hive Always
There is a penalty for this technical
violation of the law; lot this penalty ho
enforced, but not this measure.
As to the ch&rgo that tho company
had carried a suit against it into the
Federal courts, ho said that is a con
stitutional right that no man or cor
poration should bo made to suffer for
exercising. Would not any Senator
have done the panic thing if ho had
thought that ho had cause to do so?
Shall tho right of change of venue be
denied? You all know that when a
case is brought in the Stato courts
against a corporation the jury is nearly
always prejudiced agaiost the corpora
lion. You all know how familiar in
tho argument, ?* Oh, well, the plaintilT
is a poor man and needs the money,
and the corporation is rich and wouldn't
miss it." Wo must admit this, and,
looking at it fairly, you can't blame any
corporation for seeking to have its case
transferred to the Federal court where
this sentiment is minimized.
As to the charge that tho company is
oppressing the farmers of the Slate, he
asked seriously, is this true ? Are
prices extortionate ? Ho said ho was
no farmer and knew nothing about fer
tilizers, but he had some well defined
iueas. Hy Ihe act passed 1893 the
'?Uate invited outside or foreign corpo
rations to come into the Stato and do
bu8lne88. This company came into the
Stato and bought up seven fertilizer
plants ilmt were nearly bankrupt, and
started to <lo business. They do nol
monopolize the fertilizer business in
tho State ; they do not control tho out
put. There are independent conipauies
in tIds and other States. It Is asserted
that tho Virginia-Carolina company has
a capital of ?50,000,000. If this ih
true, and tho company wanted to
monopolize the fertilizer business, why
didn't it buy all tho plauts ? Tho fact
is that tho company simply bought up
a lot of run-down enterprises, put them
on their foet and commeuccd to do
business. That's all. If this is a mon
opoly why hasn't it frozen out all the
concorus ?
Recently a new fertilizer company
with a capital stock of ?000,000 was
formed at Anderson, and a new plant
costing 8100,000 has just been built in
Columbia. Both of these are indepen
dent companies. Ho quoted figures to
show that the Virginia-Carolina com
pauy has not depressed tho prico of
seed and increased the prico of hulls
aud meals as has been charged, it
may be true that the price of some
kinds cf fertilizers ho ve been increased
within the past lew years, but hasn't the
prico of the ingredients increased too ?
Doesn't it cost moro to produce these
foitilizcrs now than it did a few years
ago ? There is no big profit in fertili
zers at the present pi ices. Ask anj of
tho independent companies this. Sup
peso wo drive cut tho VirgiuiaCaroltua
company, what assurance, have we that
the independent companies wilt n t
form a combination and form a trust in
fact as wi 11 as in up tue ?
In conclusion he asked if it is going
to be tho policy of tho State to drive
out capital ? Do we want to advertise
to tho win ile world that South Carolina
does not want iuvestors ? lie said this
bill involved not only the fate of the
Virginia-Carolina company, but many
others, of great and varied interests.
Tho fate of the bill will have far-reach
ing effects, and he hoped it woul.l be
killed in the interests of the whole Stato.
A large syndicate is being formed to
control the rice plantations around
Georgetown, which would be as great
a God-send to that section as was the
big lumber company, and he tcared
that if this bill passed the company
wou'd not be formed. He opposed
both the bill aud the substitute. Let
tho Virginia-Carolina company be tried
in tho courts and if it be convicted
there is a law to punish it.
Senator i'arnwcll said that tho Vir
ginia-Carolina is not the only one that
has violated the law in the same respect
as is charged against it. There are
seven or eight others, all of them larger
than tho Virginia-Carolina company.
There was certainly no intentional
wroug, merely an inadvertence through
ignorance, yet thi* is taken as the ex
cuse for a bill which would, as Judge
Hudson said, " be snap judgment," to
use no less harsh expression. Upsides,
any atlen.pt- to prevent tho transfer of
cases to the. Fideral curls will always
be futile. Again, the Suilo should
havo no reason to fear tho Federal
oourts if tho Stato has right on its side.
This bill that is beforo im cau do no
good ; it will do a groat deal of harm.
It will hurl n great many sections of
the Stato aud it will holp nobody. Ho
hoped that the idea which seoincd to
provail that " something ought to bo
done "would not cause tho Senate to
do that which would always be re
gretted. Because this company may
havo a bad name, do not let injustice
bo done.
Senator Talbird said that the ques
tion of whether the Virginia-Carolina
corapnuy is a truat really has nothing
to do with tho bill. He had talked
with tho attorney general and fully
understood his reasons for taking tho
position that he did. However, he had
secured from him an amendment to
the bill which would meet tho issue
and would stand the test of the courts.
That amendment simply said tho Vir
ginia-Carolina should bo debarred from
doing business in this Stato on May 1,
1002, unloss before that time the com
pany shall domesticato itself in this
Stato as is now provided by law. lie
offered this as an amendmont to the
substitute bill.
Mr. Graydon then took the floor and '
made sorao further arguments in sup
port of tho measure. Ilo quotod from
many court decisions showing tho
power of States to control corporations.
Ho contended that the liCgislaluio hus
the right to prescribe tho conditions
upon which a foreign corporation may
do business in tho Stato, and ho held
that the courts hove said that tho State
may prescribe as ono of theso condi
tions that tho corporation shall agroe
to bo bound by the State courts. And
CASTOR IA
The Sinti You Have Always Bought
For Infants And Children.
Ti
Bears tho
ho argued that this condition would
he uphold by tho United States su
promc court.
Senator Aairich said wo aio culled
upon 10 do that which hns never been
douo in South Carolina, to debar a legit
imate business corporation from doing
business in tho State. Naturally the
question wih bo asked, what arc the
reasons Tor this? These reasons should
have been set forth by tho advocates
i>( the measure, but so far no valid rea
sons have been advanced. As to the
argument that tho price of fertilizers
ha* been raised, hasn't the price of
every other commodity been increased?
is this enough to justify this legisla
tion ? There is no reason for this bill
except unfounded public clamor. Arc
we to drive this company out of the
Slate because il did business here be
fore liling its papers?its naturalization
papers, so to speak. The law already
provides a penalty for this crime?if
crime it can be callad. The Legislature
of South Car Una cannot alTord to en
act post facto laws.
The vole ou the question of striking
out tho enacting words of the bill re
sulted as follows :
Yeas?Aid rich, Appclt, Barnwell,
Blakeney, Bowen, Caughman, Dennis,
Gaines, Glenn, Goodwin, Hough, Man
ning, Maylield, Moore, Sheppard,
Siackhonse, Stanland, Sullivan Wal
ker, Williams?20.
Nays?Brico, Douglass, Graydon,
Henderson, Hcrudon, Hydrick, Mower,
Sanalt, Sharpe, Talbird?10.
The enacting words were stricken
out and the bill was killed.
Anot?kr Dispensary Fiout,?
The Floronco correspondent of the
n0w8 and Courier says that it seems
as if there is to be another hot fight in
the .Stale courts over the disp nsary
law. Some time ago elections were
held in SurantOQ and hake City, two
thriving towns in Williauisburir Couu
ty, as lo 44 Dispensary'' or 44 No i)is
pensary." The election in both places
resulted, by a very close vote, in favor
of the dispeusary. Those who voted
44 No dispensary " have secured Mr. S.
\V, G. Shipp, of this city, as couscl.
Yesterday Mr. Shipp went to Chcraw
and secured a temporary injunction
from Chief Justice Mclver. The in
junction writ is made returnable at the
next meeting of the supreme court,
which will, of course, stop the estab
lishment of dispensaries at Lake City
and Scranton for a time at least. In
his argument before Chief Justice Mc
lver, Mr. Shipp made a strong point,
against the dispensary law, claiming
that it is unconstitutional in that it ex
ompted certain counties from tho pro
visi ,ns of the dispensary l iw, which is
undoubtedly Bpeeial legislation.
It appears that in the lirst act on
this subject, in counties which had pro
hibitory liquor provisions ami in towns
which had adopted i% local option"
laws, special provision was made as
follows: 41 Provided, that dispensa
ries may he established in tho counties
of Williamsburg, 1'ickens and Marion
and at Seneca and other towns now
incorporated in Oeonee County, with
out such election 4 on ' compliance
with tho other requirements of this
act."
By some means or other in the pro
vision the 44 on " was changed, proba
bly by error in the engrossing depart
ment, in the act of 1800 to 44 or,"
which materially changes tho whole
business and removes I he section en
tirely from under the operation of the
law. .lust what will be the outcome
will be anxiously awaited by a large
number of South Carolinians.
The RonnrNS Tragedy.?An in
teresting case came boforo Justice
Pope, of tho supreme court, when a
motion was made last week lo grant
bail to (Jeorgo Kirkland, indicted for
murder. Simply stated the facts seem
lo be about as follows: At a party at
the residence of Mr. J. C. GriOln, of
Bobbins, in Barn well County, on the
evening of the .'list of December last,
while the dancing was in progress, Mr.
(leorgo Cohb unintentinally gave of
fence to Mr. Arthur Dunbar, who left
tho room and in a few moments re
turned with his father, Mr. George
Dunbar, and his brother, Mr. Harry
Dunbar, all of whom approached Mr.
Cohb in a threatening manner. Mr.
Alfred Sonnett interposed to prevent a
dilllculty, when Mr. George Dunbar
drew out his pistol. Mr. F. P. Son
nett also Interposed lo keep the peace,
when he was shot. lie then shot
George Dunbar dead and a general
shooting ensued, tho result of which
was tho killing of Harry Dunbar and
tho mortally wounding of Arthur Dun
bar, who died a few days later of his
wounds. Aficr tho general >hooting
was over Geoigo Kirkland appeared
on tho 8CCHO and shot F. Pi Sonnett,
who was lying wounded on the floor;
it is for this that ho is now under in
I diottuent for murder.
Tho testimony is said to bo conflict
lug, it being contended by him that
Sonnett was attempting lo shoot him
at the lime, while ou tho other hand it
is testified to by several witnesses that
Kirkland disarmed Sonnett before
shooting him.
Justice I 'ope "ranied bail in the sum
of $:i,000 wl'h not less than two nor
more tlur.i five securities.
During u school tcp. the other day a
kindly old doctor was regarding one of
the young guests with evident alarm.
Undismayed by the doctor's gl ?neos,
tho young scholar rapidly demolished
plate after pi du of bread and butler
and cako. Ai last the doctor could
stand it no longer. Going up to the
young ra?0fti, he said:
'? My boy, havo, you ever read any
book which would tell you what to eat,
what to drink and what to avoid?"
?? Lor' bless yor, sir," replied the
young gentleman, with his mouth hall
full of plum cako, " I don't want no
book. Why, I eats all I can, drink-,
all I c m and I avoids burstiu'."?Tit
BiU.
Gilbert l'arkor, the famous Engl if h
novoliM, who has just been visiting
this country, said bofi ro leading foi
England that tho American working
man Is moro enterprising than the
Knglish in that he welcomes machin
ery, whilo the English working man
does not. P?
Baking Powder!
Makes the bread
more healthful.
Safeguards the food
against alum*
Alum baking powders arc the greatest
menacers to health of the p<- sent day.
ROYAL HA Kl NO rOWOER CO., NtW YORK,
IN A HUMOROUS "VEIN.
" tic's a grandfather and yet he's
going to many that young Miss Kiltie
skittish."
41 Yes. He's old enough not to know
any better."
The Teacher?When the 1 >gs get
caught in the fast-moving stream, what
would you call that?
The Boy?Why, I'd call that a cur
rent jam.?Yokeis States!)] in.
Mrs. Neighbors?Do you and your
husband live happily together?
Mrs. Enpeck?Sure. I'd just like to
eee my husband try not to live happily
with me.?Chicago News.
Mamma: "Teacher tells mc you
were very naughty in school yesterday.
Why did you not tell mo yourself?"
Tommy: " Why?er?you always
told me not to t< 11 tales out of school."
?* You say you are not sure it waa
suicide?" a?ked the newspaWtr man.
" No, stranger," responded Amber
Pete; "lie was playing solitaire, caught
himself cheating, and, of course, he
had to shoot.?Uhtcago News.
" What is the difference between a
statesman and a politician?"
** A statesman is a man who can
bamboozle the public without being
found out; a politician is a man who
doesn't care whether he is found out
or not so long as he gains his ends."
"If I had an engagement with you,"
said the clerk, "it would be this."
And he gently placed a date with a
peach.
" No," answered the prettj cashier,
" it would bo like this."
And she laid the date beside the
canned lobsters.
Teacher?" What zone is in
which we live?" Johnny?? 1 in
peralo." Teacher?"Correct. N ?
what is meant by a'temperate zone
Johnny?" It's a place where !'
froezin' cold in winter au' red-hot in
summer."?Philadelphia Prose.
" I suppose," said the physician
smiling and trying to appear witty,
while feeling the pulse of a lady patient,
" 1 suppose you consider me an ( Id
humbug?"
" Why, doctor,'' replied the lady, "1
had no idea you could ascertain a wo
man's thoughts by merely feeling her
pulse."
" How's Mandy g'ltin' along at that
fashionable boardiu' school?"
"She's learniu' things hand over
list. She can write a four-page letter
now 8o's you have to turn it upside
down and sideway six or eight timos
'fore you git to the end of it."?
Chicago Record-Herald.
" Yes," said the Fairy Piince, " you
may have whatever you want for a
Christmas present."
" I will choose," said the Fortunate
Person, " cither a wife or au automo
bile."
"How foolish!" exclaimed the Fairy
Prince. "Why do you not select some
thing that you can manage?"
44 There is another application for
you lo .?-dve something to a very worthy
enterprise," said tho Congressman's
wife.
44 Well, it's a hard mal r to decide,"
ho answered. 44 If I don't give, my
constituents will consider me ungra
cious. And if 1 do, they will thiuk 1
am luxuriating hero in Washington,
with nothing lo do but waste money."
44 As to my mcril," said tho young
man who was asking the lady's father
for her hand, 44 you will have to take
me at my face value."
44 Well," answered the fond lather,
you'll have to drop in later m Ihe da}*.
Tho market quotations on brass aro
not out yet."?Baltimore American.
Some years ago at a Mardi Gras ball
at the Hopkins institute of Art, a man
masked, approached a woman masked
and asked her for a dance, u? is con
sidered right and proper at Mardi Gras
44 liui 1 don't know you, sir," said tho
lady in her most :cy tone. ?' W 1,
I'm taking as big a risk as you are,"
retorted the man.?San Fruncisco Ar
gonaut.
Jacob A. Kite t. In of an Jriali tcain
stcr who went to the priest in a fright;
he had seen a ghost on the church wall
as ho passed it in the night. 44 And
what was it like?" asked the priest.
" It was like nothing so much as a big
ass," said Patrick wild ov->d. 44 Go
home, Pat, and bo easy r .plied the
ptiost, soothingly; "you've on'v soon
your own shadow."
"During my absonco," says a plvyiBl"
clan quoted by The Kochester P *?t
Express, " my twe boys got iut.<
consulting room, whore- they b
to play at boing'doctors.* i'rosc. tly
one of them unlocked the door and dis- -
closed a skeleton. 4Pooh. What arc
you 'fraid of?' ho asked. 4 It's noth
ing but an old skollington.' 4W-wh
whoro did it come from?' asked the
other with chattering teeth. 4Oh, J|r
don't know, Papa's had it a long ti <.
I expect it was his (lrst patient,' "
OABTOaiA.
Beam the Ito Kind Vou Have Alwaya (towjjit

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