OCR Interpretation


The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, March 05, 1902, Image 1

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THE NBW MEASURES
REOUI/ATINO TRUSTS
One Prohibits Combinations and
the Other Provides Means to
Secure Testimony in Alleged
Violations.
Tho L.egiulaturo bad before il a num
ber of measures proposing to regulate
tbo " trusts." Hut two of tbeso meas
ures got through, and one of them was
almost emasculated by the Senate.
This was tho W. J. Johnson bill, a
copy of the Hogg anti-trust law on the
Texas staluto books. Tho Senato
passed il after eliminating the aflklavit
required of corporations. This allhla
vit is said to have been the ono feature
of tho bill most objectionable to cor
notations.
Tho other measure which got through
tho Legislature was a bill introduced
by Mr. Dell uhl, and is a measure
soekiug to give the attorney general
full power under which to proceed
against tho trusts. Two years ago the
Legislature iuslructed the attorney
general to proceed to investigate the
operations of ccrtaiu corporations. As
no appropriation for expenses was
made, tho attorney general was,unablo
to accomplish anything. List year the
Legislature made an appropriation for
this purpose, and tho attorney general
uiado an investigation which led to the
suit ngatust tho Virginia-Carolina
Che meal compauy.
In order that tho attorney general
might havo no stumbling block put in
his way in futuro investigations, Mr.
DoBruhl introduced the bill, (which
has become a law with the Governor's
signature,) 14 providing a procedure to
enable the attorney general to secure
testimony in relation to the violation
of acts prohibiting trusts and combina
tions aud violations of law by corpora
tions." The act declares:
Section 1. That wheuever thejUlor
ney general has determined to com
mence an action or proceeding, under
the act entitled " an act to prohibit
trusts and combinations aud to provide
pouallies," or any acts amendatory
thereto, or any acts now or hereafter
of force, relating to the prohibition or
prevention of trusts, combinations or
monopolies, or against corporations,
foreigu or domestic, for any violation
of any acts now or hereafter of force
of this State, he may present to any
justice of the supreme court, or any
circuit judge, cithor before or aftei
beginning such action or proceeding,
an application in writing, for an order
directing the persons mentioned in tho
application to appear boforo a justice
of tho supremo court, a circuit judge
or a referee designated in such order,
and answer such quoetions as may be
put to them or to auy of them, and
produce such papers, documents and
books concerning any alleged illegal
contract, arrangement, agreement,
trust, monopoly, or combination or
corporate actB iu violation of law; and
it shall be the duty of the justice of
the Buprcme court, or the circuit judge,
to whom tuet? application for tho order
is made, to grant such application.
The application upon the proper show
ing for tho necessity for such order
made by tho attorney general, must
show upon information or belief, or
otherwise, that the testimony of such
person or persons is material and
necessary. Tho order shall be granted
by the justice of tho supreme court, or
the circuit judge, to whom the applica
tion has been made, with such preli
minary injunction or stay as may ap
pear to such justice or circuit judge to
be proper aud expedieut, and shall
specify tho time when, and place where
the witnesses are required to appear,
and such examination shall be
held either iu the city of Colum
bia or in the judical district in
which the witness resides, or in
which the principal ofllec, within
this State, of tho corporation affected,
is located. The justice, judge or ref
eree may adjourn such ' examination
from time to time, and witnesses must
attend accordingly. The testimony of
each witness must bo subscribed by
him, except in case tho testimony be
taken and subscribed by a sworn stenog
rapher, and all such testimony must
be filed in the otlice of llio clerk of the
county in which such order for exami
nation is filed.
Sec. 2. The order for such examina
tion must bo signed by the justice or
judge making it, aud the service of a
copy thereof, with an endorsement by
the attorney genoral, signed by him,
to tho eiiect that the person named
therein is required to appear and he ex
amined at the time and placo, aud be
fore the justice, circuit judgo or ref
eree specitied in sii'.h endorsement,
shall be sufliciont nottco for the atten
dance of the witnesses. Such endorse
ment may contai i a clause requiring
such person to produco on such ex
amination all books, papers and docu
ments in his possession, oi under his
control, relatiug to iho subject of such
examination. The order shall he serv
ed upon tho person named iu the en
dorsement aforesaid, by showing him
the origiual order, and delivering to
and leaving with him, at tho same
lime, a copy thereof endorsed as above
provided, and by paying or tendering
to hi in the fee allowed by law to wit
nesses subpoenaed to attend trials of
civil actions in a court of rocotd in
this Stalo.
Sec. 3. No porson shall bo excused
from answering any questions that
may be put t > nun, or frum producing
any books, papers or documents on the
?round that tho testimony or evidence,
ocumentary or otherwise, required of
him may tend to iucriminute him, hut
no peison shell ho prosecuted in any
criminal action or proceedings, or sub
jected to any pcnnlly or forfotturo for
or on account of any transaction, mat
ter or thing concerning which ho may
testify, or produce evidence, documen
tary or otherwise, before said justice,
judge or referee appointed in tho order
for bis examination, or in obodience to
the subpoona of tho court, or refoiee
acting under such order, or either of
them, or in any such case or proceed
log.
Sec. 4. A rofereo appointed an pro
vided" in this act possesses all tho pow
ers and is subject to all tho duties of a
referee appointed under the code of
civil procedure, so far as practicable,
and may punish for conte npt a wit
ness duly served as prescribed in this
act for non-attendance or refusal to
be sworn or to testify, or to produce
books, papers and documents accord
ing to tho direction of the endorsement
aforesaid, in the samo manner ami to
tho samo oxtent as a referee appointed
to hoar, try and dotornuuo an ispuo of
fact or law.
Sec. 5. This act shall tako effect im
mediately upon its approval, and shall
bo dcomod and taken as cumulalivo of
all statutes of this State.
TO PROHIBIT TRUSTS.
Following is tho full text of Iho act to
prohibit pools, trusts, monopolies and
conspiracies to control business and
prices of articles, to prevent tho forma
tion or corporation of pools, trusts,
monopolies and (combinations of char
ters of corporations that violate terms
of this act, and to nuthori/.o tho ln?
sititulion of prosecutions and suits
therefor.
Section 1. Any corporation organiz
ed under tho laws of this or any other
Stato or country, nnd transacting or
conducting nny kind of business in this
Stato, or any partnership or individual,
or ?iiher association of persons what
soever, who shall crcato, enter into, be
come a member of or a party to any
pool, trust, agreement, combination,
confederation or understanding with
any othor corporation, partnership, in
dividual or ouy other person v,' associa
tion of persons, to regulate or 11 x tho
price ot any articlo of manufacture,
mechanism, merchandise, commodity,
convenience, repair, any product of
mining, of any article or thing what
soever, or to maintain said price when
so regulated or Hxed, or shall cuter
into, become a member of or a party to
any pool, agreement, combination, con
tract, association or confederation to
lix or limit the amount or quantity of
any articlo of manufacture, mechan
ism, merchandise, commodity, conve
nience, repair, any product of mining,
or any articlo or thing whatsoever, or
the price or premium to he paid for in
suring property against loss or damage
by lire, lightning, storm, cyclone, tor
nado, or any other kind of policy is
sued by any corporation, partnership,
individual, or association of porsous
aforesaid, shall bo deemed and ad
judged guilty of a conspiracy to de
fraud, and to bo subject to the penal
ties as provided by this act.
Sec. 2. A " monopoly" is any
union, or combination, or consolida
tion, or olllliation of capital, credit,
property, assets, trado, customs, skill
or nets, or any otbor valuable thing or
possession, by or between persons.
Arms or corporations, or association of
persons, firms or corporations, where
by any ono of tho purposes or objects
mentioned in this act is accomplished,
or sought to be accomplished, or
whoreby auy one or more of said pur
poses are promoted, or attempted to
bo executed or carried out, or wheic
by the soveral results describod are
reasonably calculated to bo produced;
and a '?monopoly" as thus defined
and contemplate I, includes not mere
ly such combinations by and between
iwo or more persons, Qrms or corpora
tions acting for themselves, but is espe
cially defined at i intendo? to include
all aggregations, amalgamations, atlili
ation8, consolidations fir lticorp a
lions of capital, skill, credit, ass .j,
property, customs, trade, or other valu
able thing or possession, whether ef
fected by the ordinary methods of part
nership or by actual union under the
legal form jof a ^corporation, or an in
corporated bodj resulting from tho
union of ono or more distinct firms or
corporations, or by tho purchase, ac
quisition oi control of shares or certifi
cates of stock or bonds, or other cor
porate property or franchises, and all
corporations or partnerships that have
been or may bo created by tho consol
idation or amalgamation of tho sepa
rate capital, stock, bonds, assets, credit,
properties, custom, trado or corporate
or firm beloDgings of two or more
firms or corporations or companies, are
especially declared to constitute mo
nopolies, within tho. meaning of this
act, if so created or entered into for
any one or more of the purposos
named in this act; and a ?* monopoly,"
as defined iu this section, is hereby de
clared to bo unlawful and against pub
lic policy; and any and all persons,
firms, corporations or associations of
persons engaged therein shall bo
deemed and udjudged guilty of a con
spiracy to defraud, and shall bo sub
ject to the penalties proscribed in this
act. " .
Sec. 3. If any person, person3, com
pany, partnership, association or cor
poration engaged in tho manufacture
or salo Of aoy articlo of commerce or
consumption from tho rave material
with the intent or purpose of driving
produced or mined in this Stato, shall,
out competition, or for the purpose of
financially injuring competitors, sell at
less than the co t of manufatcure, or
give away their manufactured pro
ducts, for tho purpose of driving out
competition or financially injuring
competitors engaged in the manufac
tuie and rctlnining of raw material in
this State, said person, persons, com
pany, partnership, association or cor
poration resorting to this method of
securing a monopoly in tho manufac
ture, refining and sale of the finished
product produced or mined in this
State, shall be deemed guilty of a con
spiracy to form or secure a trust or
monopoly iu lestraipt of trado, and,
on conviction, shall be subject to the
penalties of this act.
Sec. 4, Any poraon, partnership
firm or association, or any representa
tive or agent thereof, or any corpora
tion or company, or any offlcor, repre
sentative or ngont thereof, violating
nny of tho provisions of this act,' sbail
forfeit not less than two hundred dol
lars, nor more than live thousand dol
lars, for overy such offence, and each
day such per on, corporation, partner
ship or association shall continuo to
do bo, shall bo a separate offence, tho
ponaltios in such cases to bo recovered
by an action in the name of tho State,
at thejrelatlon of the Attorney General
or tho Solicitor of the Judicial Circuit
within which the offence was commiU
ted; the moneys thus collected to go
into the Stato Treasury, and to become
a part of the general fund except as
hereinbeforo provided. The amount
of the forfeit to bo fixed by tho judge
before whom the case is triad in each
case, within the aforesaid limits; tho
collection of which penalty shall be
enforced as the collection of linos
against defendants upon conviction of
a misdemeanor.
Sec. 5. If auy two or moro persons
or corporation, who are engaged in
buying or selling any article of com
merce, manufacture, mechanism, mer
chandise, commodity, convenience, re
pair, auy product of miuing or any ar
ticlo or thing whatsoever, shall enter
iuto auy pool, trust, agreement, combi
nation, confederation, association or
understanding to control or limit tho
trade in any such article or thing; or to
limit competition in such trado by ro.
fusing to buy from or soil to auy per
son or corporation any such article, or
thing nfoiesaid, for the reason that
such other person or corporation is not
a member of or a party to such pool,
trust, agreement, combination, con
federation, association or understand
ing; or shall boycott or threaten any
per8 l or corporation, for buying from
or selling to any other person or cor
poration who is not a number of or a
party to such *?ool, trust, agreement,
combination, nfederation, associa
tion or understanding, any such atlicle
or thing aforesaid, it shall bo a viola
tion of this act; and any person, firm,
corporation or association of p rsons,
committing such violation shall be
deemed and adjudged guilty of a con.
spiracy to defraud, and shall bo sub
ject to the ooualties proscribed in this
act.
Sec. (J. Any corporation created cr
organized by or under tho laws of this
Stale which shall violate any of the
provisions of tho preceding sections of
this act shall hereby forfeit its corpo
rate rights and Iranchiaes; and its cor
porate existence shall, upon the proper
proofs being mado thereof in any court
t?f competent jurisdiction in tho State,
be by tho court declared forfeited, void
and of none effect, and shall thereupon
cease and determine; and any corpora
tion created or organized by or under
tho law of any other Stato or country
which shall vtolato any of the provi
sions of the preceding sections of this
act, shall thereby forfeit its right and
privilege thereafter to do any business
in this State; and upon proper proof
being mado thereof in any court of
competent jurisdiction in this Stntc,
its rights ami privileges to do business
in this Slat, wall bo declared forfeited;
and in all proceedings to have such
forfeiture declared, proof that any per
son who has been acting as agcut of
such foreign corporation in transact
ing its business in this Stato has been,
whil3 acting as such agent and in the
name, behalf or interest of such for
eign corporation, violating any pro
visions of the preceding sections of
this act, t-hall bo received as prima
facie proof oi tho act of the corpora
tion itself; ami it shall be tho duty of
the clork of said court to certify the de
cree thereof to the Secretary of State.
Sec. 7. It shall bo tho duty of the
Attorney General and the prosecuting
attorney of each circuit where the of
feuso i3 committed, respectively, to en
force tho provisions of this act. Tho
prosecuting attorney or solicitor shall
Instituto nnd conduct all suits begun
in the circuit courts, and upon appeal
tho Attorney General shall prosecute
said suits in tho supreme court.
Sec. 8. Tho provisions of tho fore
going sections, and tho pains and pen
alties provided for violations of this
act shall be held and construed to be
cumulative to nil laws now iu forco iu
this State: And provided,That the pro
visions of this act shall not exempt
from punishment or forfeiture any
persons, tlrm, association of persons or
corporations, who may have violated
or offended against any law now in
existence that may bo or may be con
strued to bo repealed by Ibis act or in
conflict herewith: And provided, fur
ther, That nothing in this act shall be
dcomcd or construed to effect any suits
or prosecutions now pending or horc
aftor to be instituted upon any course
of action, forfeiture or penalty accru
ing or to accrue prior to the dato of the
taking effect of this act, but all such
rights to maintain, institute or prose
cute all such causes of action aro here
by reserved to tho State in the same
manner and with tho same effect as if
this law had not been passed.
TU IC STORY OF "OLD HOCK."
Bill Arp Writes About a Good
Old Englishman in the Confed
erate Army.
Atlanta Constitution.
Of courso?of course it was Tom
Moon:. How camo I to say that Hums
wrote that pretty ballad beginning
M And I know by tho smoke that so
gracefully curled?" I know bettor and
tho editor ehould havo corrected it, for
ho know bettor, too. What is an editor
for if he docs not correct a ?< lapsus
pennao" like that? flat I am glad I
mado tbo mistake for it has brought mo
three letters and a postal kindly cor
recting mo, and proves that the people
who road the old-timo authors aro not
all dead. Tho last lino of that verse
always reminds mo of a good old man,
a comrade, Captain John Hockenhull,
an Englishman by birth, but a Georgia
rebol who used to rccita poetry for us
around tho camp iires in 1802 and 1803.
Wo called him "Old Hock" und every
body loved him, for he was a cockney
and dropped tho h's whore he should
not, and vico vorsa. There is always
a charm in broken English and to mur
der tho King's English is no groat of
fense. ?* Old Hock" knew a good deal
of Tom Moore and Jhims and Hood
and Campboll, and It was a treat to
hoar him say:
? Tho 'cart that is 'umblo might 'opo
for it 'ere."
Ho knew that olhor swoot ballad of
Anne Crawford:
" Kathloen Mavournoon, tho gray dawn
is breaking,
Tho horn of tho huntor is hoard on tho
hill."
And ho always said " Tho 'orn of tho
'unter is 'oard on the 'ill." The "Exile
of Erin," which he called the 44 Iloxile
of Horin," was another of his favoritleB
He learnod theso poems from his sweet*
heart while ho was an apprentice in
London?an orphan boy bound for
seven years to a hard muster, a brewer,
and his daily service was to carry the
jars of malt from the cellar up a (light
of atono steps to the floor above, lie
[never bad a kind word from his master.
I and one day he tripped and fell and
Don't Compl?in
about poor health if you
won't spend one dollar
to secure a full quart of
that panacea for all the
usual ills?
ofpit$toi?'s
Quart Bottles,
It has been used for thirty years
in the cure of
Scrofula, Rh e lima tis m,
Indigestion, Nervousness,
Neuralgia, Catarrh, Anemia,
Female Troubles, Eruptions,
Insomnia, Salt Rheum,
and Similar Complaints.
Sold by all druggists at one
dollar for a full quart bottle. Take
no substitute.
MADE ONLY BY
THE MICHIGAN DRUG CO., Detroit, Mich.
broke a. jar and was bitterly abused for
it, ami told that bo bad forfeited the
.IJ-20 that bo waa to get when his term
was out. lie was then eighteen and
had yet three years to toil at his hard,
monotonous work. That night ho
poured out ins heart to tho girl he loved
and declared ho would run away and
go to America on tho first sail vessel
that left the port. That ho would
make some money hero and send it to
hor if she would promise to come to
hitn, and then they would marry and bo
so happy?and she promised.
Within a week the opportunity came.
He told one of the sailors his sail story
and the sailor told the male, and they
took him aboard by night and hid him
down in the hold of tho vest el until
the good ship had weighed anchor and
was far out to sea. ?* Old Hock" told
it all to us one cold night at Mannssas
and how sad and sweet was his last
k i ?, his last embrnco, his last good
bye. He choked up sometimes and the
tears glistened in bis eyes, but it was a
pretty story and Dickens could have
built upon it and made a teudcr ro
mance. This was away back in the
forties when our Slate was building tho
Western .and Atlantic railroad and
wanted laborers and had sent a man to
New York to hire immigrants as they
landed at Castle Garden;
" Old Hock " did not have to wait a
day, but was hired and shipped to At
lanta and from there to Allntoona,
whero ho did his firat work, lie said
ho did not feel sufe upon the ocean
voyage or in Now York harbor, for he
f car. d ho might in some way bo caught
as n tugilive and tnkeu back, but when
ho got to Allatoona and saw the woods
all around him and the high hills and
deep ravines and mingled with good
kind-hearted men and women, he felt
safe ami free. " I never knew w'at
freedom was boforo, and you Hamori
cans 'avo no hideaw'at a blessing it is.
The good woman w'ore I boarded and
hor daughter were so kind and gentle
to mo that I would 'avo 'ugged them
if I dared, but 1 thought all of tho timo
of the girl I had loft bohind me and it
nerved mo to good 'onest work and tho
contractor soon raised my wages, and
in six months I 'ad a 'undrod dollars
in bank and got a good man to send it
to another good man in New York, and
he found the same captain I camo hover
with and bo took it to ray sweetheart,
and sho camo back with him, and
while I waa every day looking for
a letter sho look mo by surpiso ono
morning nud brought tho letter with
her, und wo just fell in to beach
hothor's harms like? like?like?major
hexcuso mo now, I must go nud look
haftor ray 'oss." He had mimed his
lino mare Emma, so that he could call
her 11 cm i mi, I reckon.
Hut wo ''mado him finish tho Rtory
afterwards and tell how onogood friend
volunteered to go after the license,
and another aflur tho proacher, aud
his landlady and her daughter baked
somo enko and got up a hextra supper
and they wore married that night at
hor 'ouse, and all ho lemombers about
what the preacher said was: " Whom
God 'alh joined together, let no man
put hasundor." ?? Old Hock " was a
patriot, a good, honest and true man.
His neighbors at his homo in Dawson
Oounty all loved and honored him,
and there was not a man in his regi
moot (tho Elovonth Georgia) more be
loved by the mon that ho fod, for he
was choson their commissary early in
tho war, and you know it is so natural
to lovo those who food you woll. When
lations woro short ho would travel all
night to secure supplies and the boys
knew that if " Old Hock " couldu't got
what they wanted nobody could.
But in course of tiino the old man
got sick and wanted to go homo. Olhor
ollicers had got fui loughs, but he had
never asked for one. He went to bed
and sent for me, ami told mo he was
sick and if ho didn't get a furlough ho
behoved he would get sicker ami per
haps die away from 'ome. I suspected
that lie was homesick, but he looked
sick and I sent up his application. The
army had been for some days swelter
ing in the hot summer's sun not far
from Richmond: The application was
referred to headquarters at Richmond,
and I took it in to tho proper ? llicial,
who glanced at it and said: " Impor
tant movements are daily expected,
and all furloughs logo home arc strict
ly prohibited. The best I can do Is to
send the captain toFnrmvillc for thirty
days."
There was an army hospital at Farm
villo, which was only thirty miles south
of Richmond, where sick oflicers were
sent to rest and bo treated for their
ailments. And so he indorsed upon it
Farraville, and in the next blank said
thirty days. Suddenly a thought came
over mo that 1 could not resist. I
knew that14 Old Hock's " postofllce in
Georgia was named Farraville, I
stepped into tho hotel and took a pen
and quickly added " Ga." to tho word.
I knew thnt it was risky and rascally,
but I did it, and took it to "Old Hock"
and told him to got ready to leave next
morning. How quickly ho brightened
up and how thankful ho waa to me.
Ho went home on that pass and came
back in due timo, renewed and re
covered. He said the conductor looked
'ard at him and at tho pass, but let
him go by tho hospital and then
ho felt safe. I knew if I had told him
what I had done ho couldn't face the
music and toll a lie. After the war
his peoplo sent him to tho Legislature
and my people sent me there, too, and
wo rejoiced to get together again every
night and rehearse tho soul-stirring
times that we had in old Virginia.
BILL Aitr.
THE SENATOR8 CENSURED.
No Distinction Drawn Between
Tilltnan and Mcl*anrin as to
Their Offence,
The United .States Senate has vindi
cated its honor and dignity by passing
a resolution of censure upon tho Sena
tors from South Carolina for their dis
orderly conduct on the floor of the
Sonnte during the consideration of the
Philippine tariff bill on tho 22lid of
February.
When the Senate was called to order
a notably largo attendance of Senators
was on the floor and tho galleries wore
thronged. Both Senators McLaurin
and Tillftian, of South Carolina, were
in their scats. Great interest was
manifested by Senators on the floor
and by spectators in tho galleries in
tho readiDg of tho journal which con
tained the protest of Mr. Tillman
against not boing pormitled to voti
whilo under the ban of tho Sonate'r
order of contempt.
Mr. Burrow*, of Michigan, chairman
of tho con mittoo on privileges and
olo tions, pruat med tho following re
solution which had bcon formulated by
that committee:
" That it is tho judgment of tho Sen
ate that the Senators from South Caio
OA0TORXA.
Bmm the The Kind You Hare Always Bought
Btgnattttt
tf
Una, Benjamin U. Tinman and John
L. Molitiurin, for disorderly behavior
ann llagraut violation of the rules of
th Senate during the open hession of
tho Senato on tho 22nd day of Feb
ruary, inst., deserve the censure of tho
Senate and they are hereby cousured
for (heir breach of thu privileges an<l
dignity of ibis body; and from ami
after the adoption of this resolution
tho order adjudging them in contempt
of tho Senato shall bo no longer in
force and effect."
Mr. Burrows presented the request
of tho majoiity of tho committee which
was road.
REPORT OF TUE MAJORITY.
The report recited the history of the
allcrcaliou in the Senate and quoted
the language then used h'' the offen
ders. All agreed to this statement.
The report theu continued as fol
lows:
"Tho majority of the committee uro
of opinion that the legal effect of ad
judging thcHo Senators in contempt of
tho Senate was to suspond theit func
tions as Senators nud that such punish
ment for disorderly behavior is clearly
within the power of the Senalo but the
conclusion they havo reached makes it
unnecessary to discuns this question.
Tho offenses committed by the two
Senators were not, in the opinion of a
majority of the committee, of equal
gravity.
"Mr. McLauiin did not commence
tho encounter but only stood in hi,;
place at bis desk, where he was speak
ing and resisted the attack that was
made upon him. In other words his
offense was confined to tho use of un
parliamentary language, for which ho
had unusual provocation. Neverthe
less, his offense was a violation of the
rules of tho Senate of so serious a char
acter that in the opinion of the com*
miller it should be condemned.
" In the case of Mr. Tillman, the
record shows that tho altercation was
commenced by tho charge he made
against Mr. McLaurin. .Such a charge
is inexcusable, except in connection
with a resolution to investigate. Air.
Tillman not only made the charge
without any avowal of a purpose to in
vestigate, but also disclaiming knowl
edge of evidence to establish tho of
fense and this he said after the charge
had becu specifically and unqualifiedly
denied by Mr. McLaurin.
" Such u charge, under any circum
stances, would be res' ntcd by any man
worthy to be a Senator; but, made as it
was in this instance, its off? nsivencss
was greatly intensified. This featuro
uf his ofTentc, coupled with the facl
that he also commenced the encounter
by quitting his seat some distance
away from Mr. McLauriu, and, rush
ing violently upon him, struck him in
the face, makes tho cause one of Buch
exceptional misbehavior that a majority
of the committee arc of the opinion
that his ofTemo was of much greater
gravity than that of Mr. McLauriu.
"The penalty of a censure by tho
Sonato in tho nature of things must
vary in actual severity in proportion to
the public sense of the gravity of the
. ITensc of which tho offender has been
adjudged guilty. Therefore, notwith
standing tho fact that in the opinion
of a majority of the commitlco there is
a difference in the gravity of the of
fenses under consideration, your com
mittee are of the opinion that public
good and the dignity of tho Senate will
be alik'c best promoted and protected,
so far as this particular case is con
cerned, by imposing upon each Senator
by formal vote tho censure of the Son
ale for the offense by him committed
and therefore, recommend the adop
tion of tho resolution."
At tho conclusion of the reading of
the majority report Mr. llailey, of
Texas, offered the following statement
as representing the views of himself
and four other Senators :
" Wo dissent from so much of tho
report of tho committee as asserts the
power of the Senate to suspend a Sen
ator and thus deprive a State of its
vote, ami so much as describes tho
I offenses of the Senators as of different
I gravity; but wo approve ihe resolution
I repotted."
HRrOUT OF TIIK MINORITY.
Tho report of iho minority of the
commit ice then wns read.
In this statement, the Senators sign
ing it say that while they accept the
statement of the case as made in tho
principal rcpo t they do not agree with
the majority of the committee as to
the punishment proposed by the ma
jority. They then say :
"The junior Senator from South Car
olina is guilty of unparliamentary lan
guage. The senior Senator from South
Carolina is guilty of physical violence.
Neither in the statutes of any Slate or
in the common opinion of mankind nro
thcRO two olVenses the same. The slight,
est form of punishment id a reprimand
or censure. It is the latter which the
majority proposes to inflict for two
oiTenscs dtlTciiug in character and
gravity. Tho minority of the commit*
ico are of the opinion that this punish,*
mcut is adequate, and to Iguore the
difference between tho offenses is tin.
just. Tho minority of the committee ,
is of tho opinion that suspension of the
two offending Senators from their Son
atoiitd privileges borotoforo indieted
should now be formally adjudged and
continued for different periods of
time."
Tho roport concludes by recommend
ing that Senator McLaurin bo sus
pended from his functions as a Senator
for live days and that Senator Tilbnan
bo suspended for twenty days.
Mr. l'ritchnrd'e adoption to tho
abovo statement is in tho following
langungo :
" I concur in all tho forogoiug views
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exopt as to the punishmcut of the.
junior Senator from South Carolina.
It is my opinion that the punishment
he has already sufforcd is adequato to
his olTcnse. I make no recommenda
tion as to the punisluneut to be impos
ed on tho senior Senator from South
Carolina.
Mr. Bacon called attention to what
ho considered an important omission in
the narrative of ihn majority as to the
oecureuce.s of last Saturday. There was
no ollicial record of the proceedings in
the secret legislative se sion, he said,
but some of the salient facts ought to
be brought out. lie said that tho
senior Senator from South Carolina
(Mr. Tillnia)n had expressed bis desire
thmugh the Senator from Kentucky
(Mr. lilackhurn) to make public ac
knowledgment of bis error and to
apologize to tho Senate. The junior
Senator from South Carolina (Mr. Me
liiurin) hnd expressed the same desire
through him (Mr. liacoo) Ho deemed
it important that these facts should be
made a part of the. record.
When the name of Mr. McLaurin,
of Mississippi, was reached in the roll
call, be said:
" Being related by kinship to one of
the Senators involved, I ask to bo ex
cused from voting."
The rennest was <?ri\ntp<t.
Mr, MoLauriu, of .South Carolina,
one of the offending Senators, said in
response to his name, which had been
restored to tho roll: " I re frail from
voting for obvious reasons."
When Mr. Tillman's name was called
ho rose deliberately. Kvery eye in the
chamber was Qxcd upon him. Iiis face
was stern and set and ho was as pale
as a sheet. Evidently he was laboring
under great emotion.
"Among gentlemen," said he, slow
ly, and his words were heard distinctly
in the uttermost parts of the chamber,
" an apology for an offense committed
under the heat of blood is usually con
sidered sulllcient."
Then ho resumed his seat amid
gasps of astonishment among Senators
and spectators.
Mr. Burrows hastened to the desk
of the official stenographers and di
rected that Mr. Tillman's words be
written out at once.
At the conclusion of the roll call, but
before the announcement of the vole,
Mr. Kaan, of Mew Jersey, who had
voted for the resolution, addresssing
the president pro lern, changed his vote
in the following statement:
41 Having hoard the Senator from
South Carolina (Mr. Tillman) again in
sult tho Sonate, I change my voto
from aye to no."
The resolution was adopted,."?! to 12,
tho detailed vote being as follows:
Yeas?Aldrich, Allison, Bacon, Bai
ley, Bard, Bate, Berry, Blackburn,
Burrows, Carmack, Clark, of Montana,
Clay, Cockroll, Culberson, Cullom,
Depcw, Dillingham, DdlHver, Dubois,
Kins. Fait banks, Foraker, Foster, of
Louisiana, Fryc, Gallinger, Gibson,
HansborOUgh, Harris, ILiwlcy, Hoar,
Kcarus, Lodge, McCumbor, McEnory,
McMillan, Mallory, Martin, Mitchell,
Money, Nelson, Patterson, L'orklns,
l'ettus, Platt, of Connecticut, (Queries,
Hawlins, Sirmons, Stewart, Taliaferro,
Teller, Turner, Vest, Warren, Wet
morc --64..
Nays?Beveridge, ('lark, of Wyora
ing, Dcboe, Dietrich, Foster, of Wash
ington, Kenn, Kitt ridge, McComas,
Mi)lard, Pritchard, Proctor, Scott.?12
As soon as the voto was announced
Mr. Burrows demanded that the state
ment of Mr. Tillman made during the
roll call he read to the Senate. Scarce
ly had tho clerk concluded the reading
when Mr. Tillman. addrcssinn the
president, said :
"The words utlorod by me were not
intended to be offensive, and if they
were so considered I very gladly with
draw them."
As Mr. Hurrows was about to ad
dress the Senate Mr. Teller said:
44 Tho Senator from Routll Carolina
was not called to order by anybody. 1
think we had better piocced."
Mr. Hurrows explained that be bad
bad no opportunity during the roll call
to direct the Senate's attention to Mr.
Till man's words. The chair (Mr.
I Prye) said:
44 The Senator has withdrawn the re
marks. Is there objection on tho part
?of the Senate to their withdrawal?"
I object, Mr. President," insisted
Mr. Dietrich, (Ite.p.) of Nebraska.
The effect ot the objection is to in
corporate Mr. Tillman's statement in
the record of the proceedings.
Carnegie University, to be establish
ed at Washington, will be open to all
who meet lho entrance regulations.
"Sex wdl have nothing to do with ad
mission to tho new university," says
President Oilman. Almost all Mr.
Carnegie's gilts have been such as
could be enjoyed by women as well as
men, and most of them also by chil
dren.
Prof. Sydney It, Covey, principal ol
ono of the public schools of Utica, New
York, who drank nothing but sterili
zed water for several years, 1* dead
with typhoid fever, and an investiga
tion shows that the well used by the
concoru which lurnishcd tho sterilized
water is Idled with typhoid germs.
Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller,
Jr., are both instructors in tho Sunda)
I school of the ?Fifth Avenue Baptist
church, New York City. Mr. Iiockoftl
lor is the leader of tho Bil 1 > class, and
Mrs. Rockefi Her has a class of little
boys.
Tho making of highways in England
snl Wales steadfastly increased from
1070, when Charles I began tho mak
ing of roads, to tho introduction ol
railroads in tho flrst quarter of this
century, after which it declined.
OASTOniA.
WH AT A VIRGINIAN HAS SEEN
Au Editor From the Slur
Valley la Chnrlesto
Col. T. C. Morton, editor tho
Staunton (Va.) Spectator, who, with
Mrs. Morton, has becu in Charleston
for several weeks, has written to his
paper a very appreciative description
of Charleston and The Exposition. Ho
says :
" This is a beautiful cily, ? this
Charleston by tho sea,' as the Staun?
tonians who wore here at the great Con
federate reunion two years ago will
bear mo witness. Nowboro clso is
there such a seaside walk as '* the Bat
tery," with its line, smooth drive, tho
grim, blaok-moulhod cannon adding to
the picturesque, the fine monuments
and handsome residences of the wealthy
Southerners, With their th?*ee-storied
balconies looking out on the forts and
the islands iu the oceau. There is hut
nno Fort Sumler, associated as it 18
with the defense so gallant that history
may be searched in vain for a parallel.
Then there are Fort Moultrie and
Castle Pinckuey, Battery Jasper,
Morris Island and Sullivan's Island, tri
with a history that still lives and will
live, and many of those brave (J00 Con
federate officers still live, too, who,
placed under the (he of their own bat
teries on Morris Island, by a retaliatory
policy of Gen. Grant, laid there patient
ly for months as their own shells burst
and shrieked above them, and then,
too, the more recently improved Isle
of Palms, with its magnificent beach
and grand ocean view, pavilion and big
Ferris wheel.
44 Only toilny I took a sail with a
congenial party around the harbor and
took all this in, then on out to old
ocean, through the famous jetties,
where the United Stales government
lias spent millions of dollars in bringing
thousands upon thousands of tous of
stone and dropping them in two con
verging lines sc? ? ral miles long reach
mg out to the i , till they pile away
up above Iho su . co of the water, and
a channel Lwcutt -eight feet deep has
been washed uul, making an easy en
trance for the largest ships to a magni
ficent harbor.
44 The city h .. features of its own
which attract It) visitor. Most of the
residences nlo:._- 'ic streets have their
gables to the street and the entrance in
the end, the long porticos looking out
upon a side instea 1 of a front yard and
all facing to the south or southwest.
This, it is said, is to catch the south
breeze from the sea, and the peo
ple spend much of their time on these
piazzas. They are sitting out tonight,
or with their doors wide open, enjoy
ing the breeze, while you people of the
Valley are with closed doors enjoying
your fues inside. The long and orna
mental iron fences, too, inclosing the
houses, and the handsome cut:
and large grounds in the mid*
city are other characteristics
place, and the earthquake rci
are peculiarly distinctive. Lou; re
gular cracks, lilled up, and svly
painted over, may be seen here and
there, and the circular or S-shaped
ends of iron braces which have buou
run through weakened walls, ami
twisted monuments and tombstones,
still tell something of the dreadful
I night in 1SS(>, when a part of the city
drods driven to the country for safety,
llut, in courtesy to strangers and hos
pitality to their guests, the people of
this good old city .yield to none, not
even to my own State, Virginia, so
long famous for its'hospitality."
many killed, and bun
Sixty degrees below zero is the fright
fully cold atmosphere in which Alas
kan gold hunters must often work
They make fireplaces of snow in that
desolate region. The snow is pressed
into blocks like bricks and a lirc-placo
two feet or three feet square is built
with them. When the lire is lighted
the snow, of course, melts on tho sur
face; but when tho lire is out this
freezes so hard that the next lire
causes it to become only damp. A
snow lire-place used only for cooking
purposes will last for an entire winter.
Miss Ellen Stone, the American
missionary, who with Mine. Tellka
was captured by brigands in the district
of Salonica, has been released and
arrived at Strumit/.a, Macedonia, Sun
day morning. Nobody was at Stru
mitza to meet Miss Stono, as the
brigands had given no indication where
they intended to release the prisoners.
A monster belt press recently built
for a rubber manufactory weighs, ac
cording to tho India Rubber Woild,
l.'IO ton.-, ?r three times as much as a
locomotive. Its total length is thirty
feet and its width fifty inches. The
capacity of tho press is eight tons of
rubber belting in ten hours, or twelve
miles of two-inch belting a day.
The drapery on President McKiu
ley's pew in tli First Methodist Epis
copal church 01 Canton, Ohio, was re
moved the ( '^'i r day. Although all
pews in tho chinch aro free, tho Mc
Kinley pew has not been Occupied by
any one since funeral. It is to be
permanently ma" ked by a plato.
A portrait of .John liunyan, painted
by Thomas Sadler in 1085, and the on
ly authentic likeness known, with tho
exception of a pencil drawing in tho,
British Museum, has been acquired by
tho National portrait gallory. It came
from tho Dowager Countess of Covan,
whoso family had possessed the picture
s'neo Bunyan's timo.
Kjteg UMN 52 Mi NN (M|jL ?inufJg
'VXIXOiLBVO

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