Newspaper Page Text
Beautiful Line of
and Dining Tables
All made of Solid OAK, beautifully finished in different designs
and sizes. On account of buying these goods direct from the Plj
manufacturers in car load quanities, we can sell you the best wXt
quality of goods at prices you would have to pay for a cheaper In
Be sure to see our line and let us \Q
quote you prices before you buy, as we \?
know we can save you money on the same LU
quality of goods. \^
w S.M.&E. H.Wilkes&Co. jjj
i LOCAL AND PERSONAL MENTION. *
Spartanburg will hold a horse show,
beginning November 4th.
' Miss Winona McDanicl, daughter of
Mr. M. E. McDaniel, left Saturday for
Due West to visit friends and relatives.
Mr. M. A. Mahaffcy, one of the State
organizers of the Farmers' Union, was
in the city last Wednesday and Thurs
The Court of Common Pleas was
adjourned last Thursday at noon. Judge
Gary returned to Columbia in the after
Mr. Claude Boyd, eldest son of the
Hon. R. Dunk Boyd, has entered the
High School department of the city
Mr J. Frank Walker haa been elec
ted to a position on the Laurens police
force, and Policeman Jernigen has been
promoted to assistant chief.
United States Senator Asbury C.
Latimer made his first speech since his
return from Europe to a Greenville
audience last Thursday night, under
.the auspices of the Farmers Union,
Mrs. Ethel Blair, who was found
guilty of manslaughter, charged with
the murder of her husband in Columbia
last winter, has been released on bail
in the sum of $2,000, she having heen
granted a new trial.
Miss Ella Wharton, daughter of Col.
J. H. Wharton of Waterloo, and a
graduate of the Greenville Female
College, class '07, haa taken a position
with her alma mater in the department
of elocution as an assistant instructor.
The G. F. C. opened last week.
Church of the Epiphany, Sunday
6th., October 1907 Nineteeth Sunday
alter Trinity. 11 A. M. Morning pray
er, Sermon and Celebration of the
Holy Communion. 5:00 P. M. Even
ing Prayer and address. W. Edward
Mrs. S. S. Boyd, of Laurens, nrrived
n the city yesterday morning to visit
her ?ister, Mrs. J. H. Mattox, on Ware
atreeL Miss Agnes Boyd of Laurens,
has returned to her home after a
month's stay in the city with relatives
and friends. ?Greenville Daily News,
Mrs. Ann H. Jeter, widow of Gov
ernor Jeter, has donated $16,000 to "the
University of South Carolina for the
purpose of building an infirmary, to be
called the "Wallace Thomson Infirm
ary," in memory of her nephew, the
late A. Wallace Thomson, an alumnus of
Wolite Opening Books of Subscription.
Notice of subscription to capital stock
to Eureka foundry and Supp r
Take notice that on Saturday, Octo
ber f>th, 1907, at ten o'clock a. m., at
the office of Hudgens Brothers, in the
city of Laurens, S. C, the books of
subscription to the capital stock of the
Eureka Foundry & Supply Company
will be opened and remain open until
the amount of steck $8,000.00 has been
A. L, HUDGENS,
D. C. McLAURIN,
R. L, WOLFF.
SepL 26, 1907. Corporators. It
THE SCHOOLS OF BY-GONE DAYS.
Capl. Charles Petty Writes Interestingly
of the Chhangcs of School Methods.
The following excellent article from
the pen of Capt. Petty, of Spartan
burg, is taken from the News and
The opening of the. schools is at hand.
Even the advertisement of school books,
school clothing and everything that a
scholar needs bring the fact before the
parents. Fitted teachers are to be
found at nearly every cross roads.
These teachers, hand made many of
them, and their scholars, equipped with
all sorts of books, slates, pads, drawing
material, song books, by way of con
trast, carry one back a hundred years
in this up-country. The teachers of
those days were not loaded down with
degrees. If they could write a good
hand, "cipher" through the arithmetics
of those days, and Spell every word in
"Webster's Blue Back" they were con
sidered competent. Some of the early
teachers of the first of last century
were Revolutionary soldiers. There
was one who taught the boys 1810 to
1825 about Gaffney, he had only one leg.
some times the preacher would turn
teacher. The teachers for this up-coun
try were poorly equipped for their work.
In some of the Scotch* settlements they
were better educated, and some of them
taught Greek and Latin. The teacher
generally "boarded around," going to
one house tonight and to another the
next night. He was not troubled with
wardrobes and books. Many of the
earlier teachers had never seen an En
glish grammar, geography or graded
reading books. But somehow the boys
and girls learned to spell well, write
legibly and they learned enough
arithmetic for business purposes. Some
of the "old field" scholars could spell
better than many of the college gradu
ate of today.
When the fine school houses, furnish
ed with desks, maps and toilet rooms
are contrasted with the houses used a
hundred years ago it is dificult to under
stand how children could endure the
winter months. The horses were made
of logs daubed with mud with only one
door and often no window. Dirt fioors
were sometimes used. When plank
came into use they were not dressed.
The benches were made of slabs. The
writing board was a broad plank resting
on pins driven into a log on the side of
the house. A portion of the two logs
above this plank was cut out so as to
give light. All scholars brought their
dinner. Buckets and baskets were hung
on the hooks of hickory withes that
were twisted and tied around a pole in
the roof of the house. The spring was
generally near the house and when a
scholar wanted w*hter he went to the
spring. The ordinary house was 18 by
It. A. COOPER,
C. W. TUNE, J. F. TOLBERT,
Sec'y and Treas. Mgr. Ins. Depart.
M. J. OWINGS
j. O. C. Fleming,
E. P. Wharton,
C. D. Moseeby,
H. K. Aiken,
S. M. WlLKES,
C. E. Kennedy
J. W. Tom),
S. J. CllAIO,
D. A. Davis,
J. W. DuPree,
W. j. Fl.emino
j. F. TOLBERT,
W. A. Watts,
M. J. Owings,
R. A. Cooper.
Capital Stock $25,000
Real Estate, Stocks and Bonds bought and sold. Loans negotiated on Roal Es
tate?long time and easy payments. Our Insurance Manager, Mr. j. V.
Tolbert, can give you the very best Life and Firo Insurance contracts.
We also act as Executor, Administrator, Guardian, Receiver,
Trustee, etc. y
We offer, subject to previous sale or withdrawal
Five Shares Enterprise Bank at . 121.00
Olve Us Your Business and Help a Home Enterprise.
20 feet. The fireplace was 8 to 10 feet
The first step in getting up a school
was for the teacher or some of his
friends to go around with "articles"
for signatures, each patron signing the
number of scholar he would send and
pay for. From that custom was derived
the phrase "half scholar" which is
heard now. Tere were no scool years
then and no eight hour days. A year
was twelve months, and the day began
as soon as the children assembled. In
the summer school began at six to seven
and closed five to six, with a play time
of two hours. In winter there were
fewer teaching hours. The teacher was
expected eo be an expert pen-maker,
as there were no steel pens in those
days. Lead pencils were rarely seen
and the first the writer ever saw at
school were made of genuine lead, by
melting it and pouring in a small cane
or pipe stem. Although the the genu
ine article, it was a poor excuse for a
lead pencil. The paper used for copy
books was foolscap, stitched together
with a covering of wrapping paper. In
the early part of the century the paper
was not ruled. Ink could be bought in
some of the stores, but it was generally
made. The women of that day under
took dying cloth and they knew what
kind of barks made a fast black. They
sometimes made ink of certain barks.
The school boys made it by pressing
"ink balls" which grew on oak trees
and dropped to the ground. Whe red
ink was wanted poke berries were used
Every Friday evening match, or spell
ing across the bench, as it was called,
two of the boys would choose sides and
range themselves to each side of a long
bench. The poor spellers would soon
drop out, but often a few of the best
would stand until "Webster" was nerly
There were no holidays. It was a
custom to turn the teacher out a day
before Christmas. When lie arrived
early in the morning he woulq^find the
door barred, he could not get in until he
promised a Christmas holiday and a
treat. If he resisted a terrible threat
was made that he would be ducked in
spring branch. Then would begin a
race and finally he was caught, and of
course, he yielded. It was a gaeat in
sult to a school for anyone passing to
call out "school butter." Teacher nor
scholar knew the origin of the expres
sion, but they understood that it was a
direct insult. If the offender was
caught he was either ducked in a near
by stream or handled in a very rough
manner. Studying aloud wns common,
and when the teacher announced "got
the spelling!" the school house was as
noisy as a large sewing circle or a wo
man's club when it breaks loose, The
old field scool met the needs of those
days. They were stepping stones to
high and better things.
Opening Books of Sub
We, the undersigned, have been con
stituted and commissioned by It. M.
McCown, Secretary of State, a Hoard
of Corporators, and authorized and em
powered to open Rooks of Subscription
to the capital stock of the Gray Court
Union Warehouse Company to be orga
ni/ril and created a corporation with its
Court, South Carolipa. for the purpose
of doing a general warehouse business,
grading, warehousing, marketing cot
ton or other farm products ox merchan
dise, and other purposes.
We, therefore, give notjec that the
bonks of subscription to the capital
stock of the said Gray Court Union
Warehouse Company will be open on
Saturday October oth. 1907, at 11
o'clock, a. m., at the oiljeo of L. C,
Dorroh, Gray Court, South Carolina,
and will remain open from day to day
until the stock of the said corporation
is all subscribed. The capital is to be
Two Thousand Dollars, (2,000.) divided
into Four Hundred!-UM?) shares of par
value of Five Hollars, (I?.fJO) each.
How about that cooking stove that
you are going to buy this fall? If you
want one that will last and give you
satisfaction get a Rucks. Sold only
W. R. CHEEK.
G. P. DORROII,
S. B. MARTIN,
C, R, WALLACE,
1/. i . oil I . I /I .,
W, A, 1'UTMAN.
S. M. ft E. H. Wilkes ft Co.
HINTS ABOUT MAKING GOOD HAY.
Hay-making claims the attention of
farmers this month and should be
pushed with all possible vigor. The
high prices that have prevailed for the
past few years should stimulate our
farmers to make all the hay possible.
There are thousands of tons of crab
grass in the territory covered by The
Progressive Farmer that is allowed to
go to waste that could be made into a
fine quality of hay if cut at the right
time and properly cured. Compara
tively few of our farmers cut crab
grass as early as it should be cut to
make good hay. It should not be al
lowed to stand un|jl the seed arc ripe,
nor should it be allowed to lie in the
sun after it is cut until it is sun-killed
before cocking or stacking. Cut when
the seed are in the milk or dough state,
permitted to take the sun a day, then
cocked and cured in the cock, it makes
hay about equal to timothy bay.
There arc other grasses than crab
grass that can be cut this month which
will make fair hay.
gathering and saving cotton.
Cotton picking in the cotton growing
sections will claim pre-eminence this
month. While it is well to pick the
cotton as rapidly as is necessary, we
should not do that at the expense of
everything else; and especially do we
advise against the custom of picking
and ginning immediately. It will be
far better to let the cotton lie in bulk
for some time before ginning provided
the seed cotton is dry when
picked. No gin can make its best turn
out either in quality or quantity on
green cotton. Again, when cotton is
ginned put it under cover. A $60 or
$75 bale of cotton is too valuable to
leave out to be weather-damaged.
take your eyes to the cornfield.
This is the month to select the seed
corn in the field, provided it has not
already been attended to. It has been
fully demonstrated that varieties bear
ing two or more oars to the stalk will
yield more corn per acre than varieties
bearing only one ear to the stalk. At
the Edgecombe Test Farm last year
there was a difference at the rate of
about twenty-nine bushels per acre in
the yield of different varieties of corn,
and the yield at the other Test Farm
of different varieties bore about the
same ratio to each other. These facts
should impress us with the importance
of seed selection.
In field selection, we advise taking
for an ideal, a strong, vigorous, sym
metrical stalk, not too high, bearing
two or more good well-shaped ears,
some four or live feet from the ground,
and that have medium shanks so as to
permit the er-.'s to turn down and shed
the rain. Wti do not advise selecting
ears that stand upright so as to permit
the rain to run in and cause the grain
to rot, neither do we advise the long
shank so often seen in corn. A medium
between the two extremes is best.
Use care in selecting, for if one selects
only a dozen or two stalks in a day and
the stalks so selected are of the ideal
type for planting a seed plat, it will be
time well spent. Make a start on such
a selection this month.
seeding small grain.
This is the month for sowing wheat,
oats and rye in a great deal of the
territory occupied by The Progressive
In all these crops thorough prepara
tion is not meant plowing up the land
and leaving it in a loose condition;
but rather in a fino compact condition.
Land intended for wheat, if fallow
land, should have been broken in July
or August, and harrowed and rolled un
til fine and compact before sowing the
wheat. Of course this does not refer
to stalk land. When one sows wheat
on stalk land the only preparation nec
essary is to go over the land with a
cutaway or disc harrow, giving it a
good working with that implement.
We want to get out of the slip-shod
ways that have given many of us an
average yield of wheat of about eight
bushels per aero. To do this, we must
pursue !nor<> intelligent methods of
preparation and seeding. A great
many farmcrB are not careful enough
about the quality of seed tobe planted.
Let us all remember this one truth: the
best seed are none to good, and if we
want big yields we must sow good
Again, it is the custom of many
farmers to sow only three pecks of
seed wheat per acre. With this light
seeding it js impossible to make a max
imum crop. Tho light seeding may
make largo plump grains, but not
enough of them. A bushel and a half
per acre on good land will pay better
than half that quantity.
increase acreage in oats and rye.
The fact that it has been demonstrat
ed by farmers that oats can be raised
more cheaply than corn should stimu
late oat growing. With this crop, as
with wheat, the land should be well
prepared, and only good seed should be
used. For oats, sow two bushels of
seed per acre of some good winter
Rye is another crop that should re
ceive more attontion than wo arc
giving It. Almost any land will grow
some rye, hut tho better the land the
more rye we will get. Sow one bushel
per acre if for seed, and if for pasture
or soil improvement, sow two bushels
per acre.?Progressive Farmer.
oPncumon|a's Deadly Work
had so seriously affected my right
Jung," writes Mrs. Fannie Connor, of
Rural Route 1, Georgetown, Tonn.,
''that I coughod continuously night and
day and tho neighborn' promotion ?
consumption seemed inevitahle, until
my husband brought home a bottle of
Dr. King's New Discovery, which in
my case proved to he tho only real
cough cure and restorer of weak, sore
lungs." When all other remedies
utterly fail, you may still win in the
battle against lung and throat troubles
ivith New Discovery, the REAL cure,
juafantped by Laip'ens Drug Co., and
fatmctto Drug (lo. |>I>m. upd $1.0fl.
Trial bottle free.
Wndsworlh Pariners' Union.
L'OOntv Organizer John W. Reeks re
cently ipstilqtiid a )o|:al of the Farmers'
Union at Wadsvyorth school house with
the following ofiicer?: R. (}. Wal)ape,
president; J. L. Crawford, vicc-prea!
dent; J. F. Workman, secretary; J. M.
Workman, Chaplain; T. P. Davis, con
ductor; C. R. Workman, doorkeeper.
Organized with fifteen members.
They'e All Ready For You Sir!
UR crop of Men's Shoes for Fall and Winter wear
is the finest that we have ever gathered.
We've drawn on the best Makers of Men's Shoes
for their best productions.
There's a style and character about our Men's
Shoes that appeals to the Man who appreciates good
We believe we've the best $3.50 Shoe in town.
We believe we've the best $1.00 Shoe in town.
We believe we've the best $5.00 Shoe in towns
Better leathers, better Shoemaking or better style,
can not be found anywhere.
Come in to see our new Fall Shoes, Sir, and then
you'll surely believe as we do.
Customers Shoes Shined Free.
Shoes, Hats, Furnishings
The One Price Store.
First, because we buy goods for four stores=-two in Laurens, one
in Spartanburg, one in Greenwood', S. C, which enables us to buy
in big lots and get the most of our goods 15 to"20 per cent under the
market. Second, we believe in short profits and quick sales, and ^ne price to everybody. We
help you save your hard-earned money.
Special values in Men's Suits, ranging in
price from $2.98, $3.75, $4.98. $0.89, $8.75,
$10.00, $12 39, $14.75.
The above suits are worth from $1.00 to
$4.00 per suit more money, come and try on
one and see the fit, finish and examine the
quality. We know you will be delighted.
Boys and childrcns suits at money saving
prices. $1.39, $1.75, $1.98 to $2.25, $2.89,
$3.50 to $4.39 suit. Bring the boys in and fit
them up and have 50c to $1.00 on each suit.
For the whole family, every day shoes,
school shoes, Sunday shoes, full dress shoes.
Baby shoes 15c and up. Men's Shoes $1.18 up
to $3.98. Ladies shoes 98c up to $2.89 per
pair. Childrens shoes 48c up to $2.39.
Extra size shoes, 12 and 13 for men, and 9
and 10 for women,
Beautiful Hats and prices are lower than else
Big line Ribbons, Feathers, Flumes at remarkably
Dress Goods Specials
SCinch Broad Cloth 39c. 54 inch Broad Cloth 48c.
Serges, Brillianteens, Mohairsand Plaids all going
at cut prices, also Sea Islands, Ginghams, Outings,
Callicoes, Bleach Goods, and at less than market
Extra size pants for men, 44-46 and 49
waist. Come in and see, we can cover you up.
Hats and caps for men, boys and children.
Hats, 25c, 80, 48c, 75c, 98c up to the best
John B. Stetson for $3.47, worth $4.50. Caps,
10c, 13c, 18c, 25c up to 48c. Red Hot Values.
Ladies Jackets, Long Coats, $2.98 up to
Skirts, Dress, $1.48 up to $8.25.
Big line Men's skirts 23c. Men's heavy fleeced
Shirts 39c, 43, 48c. Wright's Health Underwear
$1.00, cut price 85c.
Ladies Under Vest, heavy ribbed 25e 39c, 45c,
heavy bleached tleeced lined Shirts 45c,
Come and get your good warm Under Shirts at
our cut prices and you'll save some money to keep
your pocket book warm.
Pants for everybody, 75c, 98c, $1.25, $1.48, $1.98,
$2.39, $2.98, $3.50 up to $3.98 per pair, worth a
$5.00 bill straight.
Socks and Stockings,
Stockings and Socks for all sizes, from baby to
Grand Pa, 5c, 8c, 10c, 13c, 15c, 18c to 23c per pair.
$1.00 Bottles Patent Medicines 87c
50c '* " " 42c
25c Box Pills 18c
$1.00 Package Native Herbs 87c
Call for what you want at Red
Notions and Racket Goods at
Red Hot Searched
10 Cakes Washing Soap 2Cc
7 Cakes Octagon Soap Soap 25c
2 Spools Thread (good) 5c
7 Balls Thread (good) 5c
Best Six Cord Spool Cotton, price right,
you come see.
Needles, Pins, Hairpins, Key Chains lc each.
$1.00 Watch, Red Hot 68c
$20.00 Gold Filled Watch, Special $11.97
6 foot Buggy Whip 10c, 2000 cab and buggy
whips 15c 2.'U:, 39c, 48c up to 89c.
1 lb. Gloss Lump Starch 7e
1 pkg. Celluloid Starch 4c
Good yard wide Sea Island 7c
(iood Heavy Shirting 6c
1 Eight Day Clock $1.98
1 Sewing Machine Guaranteed I2ycars$12.97
1 Set Solid White China Plates 50c
1 Set White Plates 18c
1 Large Gray Enameled Pan 10c
1 Large Wash Pan 5c
1 lb. Good Parched Coffee 12 l-2c
1 lb. Fine Parched Coffee 15c
18 lbs. Granulated Sugar $1.00
1 Nice Parlor Lamp 98c
1 Set Tumblers 18c
1 Set Motel Tumblers 39c
1 l'lug 15c Tobacco 10c
:i Plugs Baby Ruth Tobacco 25c
1 pkg. Piedmont Cigarettes 4c
3 Boxes Searchlight Matches 10c
10c Can Good Luck Baking Powder 8c
5c Can Good Luck Baking Powder lc
5c (Sold Dust 4c
Now figure for yourself and be convinced that we can sell you same gooods 20 to 35 per cent, on the
dollar. We have everything that you see listed on this bill, it is all first-class up-to-date merchandise and
we guarantee it to give you satisfaction. All we ask of you is to come and make a trial bill with us and
we are sure that we will make you one of our regular customers. Come once, you will come again.
6 - Special Bargain Days = 6
FOUR STORES - Laurens, Spartanburg and Greenwood, S. C. Burns & Co., Originators of Same
Goods for Less Money.
Red Iron Rack
Our Guarantee is Money Back if Goods Dont Suit. We Want Your Trade and Will Serve You Well
208 Laurens Street. Completely out of the high priced district.