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"UNCLE JOHN" AND
HIS FARMING IDEAS.
More Teams and the (iroatcr Economy
Is Necessary for the Most
. Nearly a week after my talk with
^.rtinclc John about better cultivation of
his crop, I visited him again. It is a
good place to go, for with all his mis
takes in agriculture he belongs to a
royal line of old-timo southern planters
who confer honor upon the section in
which they live and of whom the world
has too few. As soon as possible I re
ferred to our former conversation and
asked him what he thought about my
suggestions, after mature considera
lie replied, "There may be some
thing in what you say and probably I
might get a larger crop by more inten
sive cultivation, but I have made some
estimates which show that the added
profits will all be eaten up by the in
creased cost. Your plan calls for in
creased expenses in a good many
"I am glad to hear you mention this,
because it shows you have been think
ing the matter over with care," I re
plied. "Let us take one thing at a
time. Name the principal item of in
crease in expense under intensive culti
"The main increase," said Uncle
John, "is in the number of mules nec
essary to work my crop. I have 200
acres in cotton and about 100 acres in
corn and other crops. It takes 10 mules
to do the field work and it costs me at
least $120 a year to keep a mule. I
can't keep a mule up for work every
day for less than $12 a month and the
least time for work in a year is six
months. For the remaining six months
the hay, grain, and pasture will cost $8
a month, making $120 for the year. As
I understand, your plan will require
half as many more mules to do the
work. The cost of keeping five more
mules will be $600. I can't afford it."
"Yes, you can afford it," I replied,
"for it will bring you a large profit,
but you are mistaken as to the increas
ed cost. I think your estimate on the
cost of keeping a mule one year is
rather high. It is true that it is ex
pensive the way you keep animals.
Your pastures are mainly weeds and
brush. What grass there is does not
have much chance to get sunshine
enough to mature and become sweet;
hence, the richer grasses have gone on
a strike and refuse to live there, and
, <ihe tough and tasteless varieties of the
*j| grass family have taken possession.
Your hay is poor, and these two causes
account for your feeding so much grain,
which is expensive. You are mistaken
about its requiring 50 per cent more
mules to do the same amount of work.
It is true I propose? to add considerable
more mule power, but the better im
plements fully compensate, so that each
.man docs double or more work per day.
Thus" your 10 mules hitched in spans to
the best implements would enable five
men to do more and better work than
your 10 mules and 10 men now do. The
saving of five men is something. Sup
pose, however, you adopt the most im
proved system and use only machine
methods in the production of cotton and
corn ?not practicable on all lands, but
entirely so on yours?and allow 15 mules
for your work; there is still a reduction
in labor from your present system. You
cut out the chopping and hoeing and
you use fewer men with teams, so that
the cost of producing an acre of cotton
would be no more than at present and
the average yield would be at least
"Your plan of keeping mules is too
expensive, and you are not alone in
this. Probably there is no extrava
gance on southern farms more univer
sal than allowing the mules to eat up
the profits. It is related that once a
lady flaw a pet turkey swallow her
?ostly diamond. In that case they kill
ed the turkey and recovered tho dia
mond, but the farmer who sees his
mule swallow his profiits cannot kill the
mule and find them. A better way is
to prevent his swallowing them. The
economical keeping of work animals do
pe, nds upon three things good pasture,
the best hay, and the most economical
grain ration. A good pasture ia well
drained and is free fiom brush and
weeds. Sweet grasses do not grow on
wet, sour land; they love sunshine and
they are too proud to associate with
"There must be a night pasture with
an abundance of grass for the mules
and a day pasture for off days and Sun
days. This plan will save about one
third of the hay and grain during the
Working season. 7'oor hay, sun-baked
till there is no flavor in It, is little bet
ter than straw. The quantity of hay
an animal will eat depends largely up
on the flavor. High-flavo ? ?d and nutri
tious hay costs no more, if produced at
home, than low-grade hay. As to grain,
it is unwise to feed so much corn, for
there are other foods more economical.
Land that will produce 25 bushels of
corn to the acre will produce 2J tons of
Boy bean hay, equal in food value
to 70 bushels of corn: or it will produce
2* tons of cow-pea hay, equal in value
to 774 bushels of corn; or 2 tons of pea
nut bay (Spanish peanut hay with the
.nuts), equal to 90 2-5 bushels corn. It
is less labor to work an acre in either
of these crops than in corn. They re
quire less fertilizer and the soil is left
in better condition. Much of their
value depends upon the way they are
"A working day's ration for a
mule with a good night pasture would
be: Hay, G pounds; soy bean bay, 10
pounds (or cowpea hay, 0 pounds; or
peanut hay, 7 pounds); and corn 4
pounds. The actual cost of this ration
to the farmer is about L0 rents, or $!J
a month. For the six working months
this would make !?1S, and for the six
remaining months the mule can be fed
on grass and pea vines, pastures, and
refuse crops at about $li a month, mak
ing a total of $30 a year. For some
years I have kept an account of the
cost of feeding my mules on this plan,
and the total eost has been below this
estimate. While we are on the mule
question let me suggest that it is al
ways good economy to have 20 per cent
more mules than are actually required
for the crop, so as to have an extra an
imal in case of accident or to have an
additional team for emergency work."
"You have made a strong argument
for the use of mule power," said Uncle
.lohn, "and 1 want to think the matter
over. You are a groat friend of the
mule, 1 see."
"I am no believer in the economy of
mule power," I replied, "except for
the coast country and the lumber
camps. The upland farmer uses poor
economy when he depends upon mules.'?
"What woidd you use?" said Uncle
"I would use active, blocky,well-bred
draft mares or the hackney. The colt
I raised annually would pay all the ex
penses and my learn work would cost
me nothing. That is the French plan,
'and the peasants of France are the
I greatest farm economists in the world;
but we will talk about that at another
' time. I must go."
"Come over again," said Uncle John,
quite cordially. "That horse talk rath
er interests me. In the old Limes before
the war we had horses that were
horses; now a gentleman has nothing
to ride but a plow mule."
There is a Pink Pain Tablet, made by
Dr. Shooj) that will positively stop any
pain, anywhere, in 20 minutes. Drug
gists everywhere si ll them as Dr.
Shoop's Headache Tablets, but they
stop other pains as easily as headache.
Dr. Shoop's Pink Pain Tablets simply
coax blood pressure away from pain
centers- that is all. Pain comes from
blood pressure congestion. Stop that
pressure with Dr. Sh op's Headache
Tablets and pain is instantly gone. 20
Tablets 25c. Sold by Palmetto Drug
The greatest assemblage the white
house has ever seen assembled in the
east room at 11 o'clock Wednesday
when President Roosevelt stepped on
the platform in the presence of 41 gov
ernors of States, many members of
congress and the supreme court to wel
come the delegates and open the Nat
ural Resources Conference.
flood Por Everybody.
Mr. Norman R. Coulter, a prominent
architect in the Dclbort Building, San
Francisco, says: "I fully endorse all
that has been said of Electric Ritters
as a tonic medicine. It is good for
everybody. It corrects stomach, liver
and kidney disorders in a prompt and
efficient manner and builds up the sys
tem." Electric Bitters is the best
spring medicine ever sold over a drug
gist's counter; as a blood purifier it is
Uneoualed. 60c. at 1.aureus Drug'Co.
and Palmetto Drug Co.'s drugstores.
Governor Ansel delivers the literary
address at Davidson college commence
Tired nerves, with that "no ambi
tion" feeling that is commonly felt in
spring or early summer, can be easily
and quickly altered by taking- what is
known to druggists everywhere as Dr.
Shoop's Restorative. One will abso
lutely note a changed feeling within IS
hours after beginning to take the Re
storative. TIh> bowels gel sluggish in
the winter time, the circulation often
slow? Up, the Kidneys and inactive, and
even the Heart in many cases grows
decidedly weaker. Dr. Shoop's Resto
rative is recognized everywhere a gen
uine tonic to these vital organs, it
builds up and strengthens the worn-out
weakened nerves; it sharpens the fail
ing appetite, and universally aids diges
tion. It always quickly brings renewed
strength, life, vigor and ambition. Try
it and be convinced. Sold by Palmetto
Senator Flint, of California, might,
without great exaggeration, be called
the dude of the senate. He is easily
the best dressed senator, not because
his clothes are any liner in quality than
those of gome of his colleagues, but be
cause they lit him better and are more
correctly cut to the mode.
Weak women should read my "Rook
No. 4 For Women." R was written
expressly for women who are not well.
The Rook No. I tells of Dr. Shoop's
" Night Cure" and just how these sooth
ing, healing, antiseptic suppositories
can be successfully applied. The book
and strictly Confidential medical advice
is entirely free. Wi de Dr. Shoop, Ra
cine, Wis. The Night Cur?' is sold by
Palmetto Drug Co.
experts in various lines to go down,
lie has been assured that at least three
specialists will be present in George
Por a burn or scald apply Chamber
lain's Salve, It will allay the pain al
most Instantly and quicklv heal the in
jured partfl. For sale bj I .aureus Drug
DELICIOUS BANANA CREAM.
This recipe Is highly recommended by ono of
our correspondents; try It for dossert to morrow.
l'ocl live large bananas, rub smooth with five
teaspoonfnls of sugar. Add one teacup sweet
(trenn) beuten to n stiff froth, then add one 10c.
tmckngon f l.cinon JEIjLi-O dissolved (n 1W, teacups
boiling witter. Pour into mold and when cold
garnish with candied cherries. Serve with whipped
cream, or any good pudding sauce. .1 K.I.I.O is
?old hy all Orocers at 10c. per package.
The Great American Mule.
The industry and intrinsic value of
tho American hen have been so often
lauded on the floors of congress that it
is a relief to hear a modest tribute to
the usefulness of the American mule.
In the senate on April 25th,Mr.Aldrich,
of Rhode Island, was confuting the
statement of Mr. Beveridge.of Indiana,
that England would not have overcome
the Boers without her navy, when Mr.
Nelson, of Minnesota, was recognized,
"I desire to call the senator's atten
tion to the fact that the American
mules which the British succeeded in
getting into the Boer country enabled
them to triumph in that war."
The truth is that the mule, in spite
of the blot upon his escutcheon and the
: handicap of small feet, a rat tail, and
ears that excite laughter, is first in
peace, being found on every farm and
In every railway cut, and first in war
as a feeder of armies and hauler of
guns, baggage and medical supplies.
The hen makes more noise over the
laying of one egg than is heard from a
mule in a whole campaign. And the
ben is cheered to her work by the ring
ing vaunt of her polygamous partner,
while the only inspiration of the mule
is his simple devotion to the gray horse
which he swings after up the trail.
The hen is all very well as a contribu
tor to the breakfast table, but for gen
eral utility and honest worth she is
not to be mentioned in the same breath
with the American mule. May his un
gainly shadow never grow less.?Ex.
Bad Attack of Dysentery Cured.
"An honored citizen of this town was
suffering from a severe attack of dys
entery. He told a friend if he could
obtain a bottle of Chamberlain's Colic,
Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy he felt
confident of being cured, he having
used this remedy in the West. He was
told that I kept it in stock and lost no
time in obtaining it, and was promptly
cured, says M. J. Leach, druggist, of
Wolcott, Vt. For sale by Laurens
Petitions for an election have been
filed with the Sumter County Supervi
sor, calling for the question of voting
out the dispensary.
The Most Common Cause of Suffering.
Rheumatism causes more pain and
suffering than any other disease for the
reason that it is the most common of
all ills, and it is certainly gratifying
to sufferers to know that Chamberlain's
; Pain Halm will afford relief and make
rest and sleep possible. In many cases
I the relief from pain, which is at first
temporary, has become permanent,
j while in old people subject to chronic
rheumatism, often brought on by damp
ness or changes in the weather, a per
manent cure cannot be expected; the
relief from pain which this liniment af
fords is alone worth many times its
cost. 25 and 50 cent sizes for sale by
Laurens Drug Co.
Editor J. C. Hemphill was in Wash
ington last week at the Natural Re
Best Healer in the World.
Rev. F. Starbird, of East Raymond,
Maine, says: "I have used Bucklen's
Arnica Salve for several years on my
old army wound and other obstinate
I sores and find it the best healer in the
world. I use it too with great success
in my veterinary business." Price25c.
at Laurens Drug Co.'s and Palmetto
Drug Co.'s drug stores.
I Representative Ellerbe has arranged
for a big farmers' conference at George
town on May 2f>th. He has been con
ferring with the officials of the depart
ment of agriculture for a number of
"Health Coffee" is really the closest
Coffee Imitation ever yet produced.
This clever Coffee Substitute was re
cently produced by Dr. Shoop, of Ra
cine, Wis. Not. a grain of real Coffee
in it either. Dr. Snoop's Health Coffee
is made from pure toasted grains, with
malt, nuts, etc. Really it would fool
an expert -who might drink it for Cof
fee, No 20 or JIO minutes tedious boil
ing. "Made in a minute," says the
doctor. Sold by J. M. Philpot.
Senator Tillman is In New York pre
paratory to sailing for Europe,
Biliousness and Constipation.
For years I was troubled with bilious
ness and constipation, which made life
miserable for mo. My appetite failed
mo. I lost my usual force and vitality.
Pepsin preparations and cathartics only
made matters worse. I do not know
where I should have been today had I
not tried Chamberlain's Stomach and
Liver Tablets. The tablet relieve the
ill feeling at once, strengthen the di
gestive functions, purify the stomach,
liver and blood, helping the system to
do its work naturally. Mas. Rosa
i Potts, Birmingham, Ala. These tab
lets are for sale by Laurens Drug Co.
A monument to Joshua Hawkins, a
Revolutionary hero, was unveiled atMt.
Zion church in Spartanburg county last!
"In February our daughter had the
whooping cougn. Mr. Lane, of Hart
land, recommended Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy and said it gave his
customers the best of satisfaction.
Wo found it as he said and can recom
mend it to anyone having children trou
bled with whooping cough," says Mrs.
A. (loss, of Durand, Mich. For sale
by Laurens Drug Co.
Qreat Revival Meeting.
The Rev. John M. Culbertson, son of
Mr. Jodie Culbertson and a native of
Laurens, last week, in a letter to The
Baptist Courier, said:
I want to tell you what the Lord has
done for us here. We have just closed
a meeting in which both churches. Bap
tist and Methodist, united and worked
together. The preaching was done by
Rev. W. P. Yarborough, Methodist
Evangelist. As a result sixty-two have
united with the two churches. The
writer baptized 24 today and the total
for us was 39 new additions. We re
joice in the outlook of our work here.
If the Lord be for us who can be
J. M. CULBERTSON.
Arlington, S. C.
Deafness Cannot be Lured
by local applications, as they cannot
reach the diseased portion of the ear.
There is only one way to cure deafness,
and that is by constitutional remedies.
Deafness is caused by an inflamed con
dition of the mucous lining of the Bus
tachian Tube. When this tube is in
flamed you have a rumbling sound or
imperfect hearing, and when it is en
tirely closed Deafness is the result, and
unless the inflammation can be taken
out and this tube restored t<> its normal
condition hearing will he destroyed for
ever; nine cases out of ten are eartsod
by Catarrh, which is nothing but an in
flamed condition of t he mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars
for any case of Deafness (caused by
catarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's
Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo, O.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Take Hall's Family Pills for constipa
Under suspension of the rules the
house Friday passed the public build
ings bill carrying an appropriation of
It's too bad to see people who go
from'day to day suffering from physi
cal weakness when Ilollister's Rocky
Mountain Tea would make them well.
The greatest tonic! known. 35 cents,
Tea or Tablets. Palmetto Drug Co.
Win. J. Bryan last Tuesday called on
Senator Tillman and spent some time
with him discussing national politics
and the outlook for the former to re
ceive the presidential nomination in
July. This is significant by reason of
the fact that it was almost the only
call made by Mr. Bryan upon any one
since he reached Washington.
Of all the fruits there are in the land,
That grow on bush or tree,
I would give up the choicest ones
For Ilollister's Rocky Mountain Tea.
Palmetto Drug Co.
The Grand Lodge Odd Fellows meets
next year in Aiken.
No Use to Die.
"I have found out that there is no
use to die of lung trouble as long as
you can get Dr. King's New Discov
ery," says Mrs. J. 1*. White, of Rush
boro, Pa. "I would not be alive today
only for that wonderful medicine. It
loosens up a cough quicker than any
thing else, and cures lung disease' even
after the case is pronounced hopeless."
This most reliable remedy for coughs
and colds, la grippe, asthma, bronchitis
and hoarseness is sold under guarantee
at Laurens Drug Co.'s and Palmetto
Drug Co.'s drug stores. 50c. and $1.00.
Trial bottle free.
The Editor's Advice.
The poultry editor of a country paper
received this letter from a poetical
"Dear Editor What shall I do? Fach
morn when I visit my henhouse I lind
two or three fowls on their backs, ?h<-ir
feet sticking straight up and their souls
wandering through fields Elysian.
What is the matter?"
The prosaic editor replied by return
"Dear Friend The principal trouble
with your hens seems to be that they
are dead. There isn't much that you
can do, as they will probably be that
way for some time."
Artists have no trouble in securing
models. The famous beauties have dis
carded corsets and have become models
in face and form since taking Ilollis
ter's Rocky Mountain Tea. Palmetto
"I am looking forward to a State of
society," said the reformer, "in which
every citizen will be happy and com
fortable and unmolested by graft."
"Of oourse," answered Mr. Sirius
Barker, "Everybody is. We al! expect
eventually to attain heaven." Wash
Notable Medical Discovery
Of Special Value to Many Here in
A notable medical discovery and one
that appeals especially to many people
in Laurens is the combination of stom
ach remedies in the Mi-o-na tr< atment.
This preparation has worked wonders
in eases of indigestion or weak stomach.
It acts specifically upon the walls of
the stomach and bowels, strengthening
and stimulating them so that they read
ily take care of the food that i eaten
without distress or suffering.
So positive are the good effects fol
lowing the use of Mi n na that the rem
edy is sold by Laurens Drug Co. under
an absolute guarantee to refund the
money if it fails to cure. With an offer
like this none can afford to suffer with
indigestion or stomach troubles. A 50
cent box or Mi-o-na will do more good
than half a dozen boxes of ordinary di
This is the number of a fine bleach
ed mercerized Linen Table Cloth just
opened at $1.50 each.
Special value in Napkins and Tow
els. Hemmed and Fringed White
Counterpanes at a bargain.
W. Q. Wilson & Co.
Fine Mastic Mixed Paint, thorough 1) practical ;i combina
tion of lead and /.inc in proper proportions.
IT IS SUPERIOR TO ANY PAIN !
MADE OF LEAD ALONE.
It produces better results than paints made in .1 can ami
stirred with a stick, because it is ground and rc-grouud,
which makes a smooth, even coal.
It costs just as much to put oil poor paint as ii does Mastic
Paint, which does not have t<> be removed ever) yeai
or so. The saving, then, is in favor of Mastic Mixed
Come and let US show yon color cards and U-ll yon how iiiucli
it will cost to paint your bouse.
Dodson-Edw&rds Drug Co.
LAURENS, S. C.
We are Agents for
Fine Perfumes and
The prettiest and best line
Palmetto Drug Co,
Ask your Grocer. If he
hasn't ?Ot it tell him to
V^et it from
J. S. Machen & Co.
Laurens. S. (.',.
Te?er, Salt Rheum and Eczema
Are cured by Chftinberlniu ? Salve One ftppllca
lion r< Heven Int Itching ami bin nittg m niiitiofl
and CURE THt , H*NGS
LDL a i ,. , .
OLDS Tfl:. BolHo i ree
and All THROAl ..
QUARA NT EE; > 8ATK ' 7 ~XOK 2
OR MONEY ? ? ; D.
Kooky Mountain Tea Muggsi i
A Busy v for I ? I'? .
Brings Go'di-r. Meal:') a id R ? > Vie '?
A spcolflo for ConRtifrttlon. jinl ?> II ? ?. i
mil Ki'Iih v troubles, I'lmi ? ? ??tiitt. ii
llloori, Bad llrcnth, HluWi Ii H ? ? ?.
nnri lluckhclio. Its Hook.v Mo iiTimiIii
lot form. Xi eon IS :i bos <? i ob;
iIolmstkh Dntro Company. . u. ?;
GOLDEN NUGiiETS FOR SALLOW PEOPLB
Simpson, Cooper & Babb,
Attorneys at Law.
Will [>rS0ll06 in all HtHtQ ?'ivo-t,1*
Prompt attention given loailbuslnc