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A PLEA FOR THE RURAL SCHOOLS.
(By W. C. WHARTON.)
Editor Tr.c Advertiser: Permit me
to take up a little space In your most
excellent paper. The subject upon
which 1 have undertaken to write,
appeals to me In a very definite way.
The cut Which is exhibited In this
article Is a kodak picture of the coun
try school house where the writer
received his youthful training. I will
say too, by way of explanation, that
l am not a Methuselah either. a
log cabin with one room about is x
20 feet, with slab benches having dog
wood legs. These benches, by the
way, were so high that the small
Children's feet were at least twelve
inches from the floor. The academy,
as you will notice, was well ventil
ated. This was the mall) school
house of my entire neighborhood, and
was for over 20 years. You will
know from what I have said and in
looking at the cut, that l ought to
have a very good reason to make an
earnest plea for better country
schools. Since the great number of
small towns have grown up all ovt r
our land and established good
schools, the small districts have pone,
in traveling through the country, one
can see Signs of prosperity in the
past. The <?ince elegant old building
that was the home of some prosper
ous farmer now stands Sentinel over
decay and i'tilh. S' eihg the absolute
necessity < .' ;.n <.;'. teat ion, the owners
of such '. - mos were forced ib leave'
their pleasant country sttri'oundlnns
;?';--. ? ? . . ntages
Could be f ".r.d. Oi:l South Carolina
I ; ? time in
retard *o h< the edu
< It . ai
it'ho is beginning tu awake front her
long Stupor now, however, and the
f'ti/.ens o:' her commonwealth should
goad i.<?:? c n ?.i'.l she will haVe cone
be,- full and Just duty" toward the
children who are Lorn back on the
farms of he:* own domain.
The High School Act has, and is
loh.inf.- quite a number of special
school districts in South Carolina.
Any small town under 4(0 inhabit
ants. Ls.vir.f-' J. special levy of 2 mills
and having i". scholars above the 7th
??.i ade, can secure $550.00 the first
year and $000.00 tor year thereafter
II oui the high school department.
Larger towns cannot receive this aid
unless an adjoining country district
goes in With them. 1; is weil nigh
Impossible for a country district to
get aid from the high school depart
ment, unless it joins a town of some
til2e, as has already been done in
Laurens county. There being not
onough towns to po In with all (he
country districts, this High School
Act has be. n of little or no value to
the rural districts proper. as the
Inst session of the general assembly,
however. X r. C. w. (;;:::is Introduced
a bill providing $20.000 to go to help
schools (hat 1 >:n under 100 (Caching
Hays. There being m teaching days
in a month, all schools s; little und? r
:> months and down Can secure aid
from this source.
This Is i move in the right direc
tion; let's keep it Upd This Act |>t*0
vides that the state wili give $2.00
lor every $1.(j raised by t':." patrons
of such schools, up to a given
amount. !?<; J.il schools under 100
teaching days apply to the county
superintendent ci education at once
for this h< In, as '.:.)> money, so I am
told, must be- used by J?ly 1st. if
the schools s.'.l over South Carolina
would make application for some of
Ibis money, we feel quite sure that
the gen':;.! assembly $;t their next
session would double the S ?-'('.(?('('.
Hut if (he schools <".<> not apply, and
naturally concluding that they had
made a mistake In ever making this
appropriation, the general assembly
would cut it out altogether. If Scitth
Carolina had diamond fields, she
would appropriate thousands' of dol
lars to develop same. The people
over the state would tiso up and de
mand thai Appropriation be made to
develop such a valuable idece of
property, ?ui in the rural districts
of South Carolina^ behind the plow
handles, milking the cows and play
ing in red gullies are hundreds of
poor boys i.r.ti girls tvltttOUt any
chance of ifv< t becoming educated,
unless conditions change. Among
these Individuals arc passible states
men, lawyers, preachers, doctors,
missionaries, leading business men
and highly cultured and Christian
women. Like Ihd rays of the dia
mond which are forbidden by the
rough to send forth their hist re. the
Intellects of these <.. ar boys ai d girls
ere shut out from the high aspira
tions and works possible to (hem by
the cruel and rugged grit of Igno
rance. The poet hath beautifully
nod truthfully said!
"Many a gem of purest ray serene.
The dark UbfathOmed Cftve? Of
Many a rower Is born to blush un
And waste i's Bweclhesfl on the
"Won't the people cf this old Pal*
motto state arise to the emergency
call of these conditions and liberate
the country children from the tyran
Ical rule of ignorance? Let then:
become the most valuable assets i os
sible for a country to have, namely,
educated Christian men and women,
instead of being the greatest liabili
ties possible, namely. Ignorant men
and women. South Carolina could
make no better nor more lasting in
vestment than to invest her money
in the educating of her boys and
girls. Greater dividends will be de
clared than have been paid before.
Give to the country schools their
quarter of the money appropriated
for school pur.ioscs in South Carolina
and then pass a compulsory education
law, and South Carolina will have
done honor to herself and citizens.
This compulsory education suggestion
may bring forth some hot shot from
other people, but i: is our Idea and
if others differ they have that right.
We will t ot enter Into any contro
versy with any one on this subject.
three-years' course at Greenville Fe
male college have been teaching;
Misses Jessie Thompson and Tennle
Madden who graduated in the Lau
rens high echool this last session;
Shaw Cunningham now a student at
(Meinsen; .lohn Teague who graduates
at Clemsotl this session: Toni Sliaw
who attended school at Purman and
at Clem8on; W'ashie .loncs who after
taking a special course in the normal
College tor two or three sessions has
been successfully engaged in teach
ing; .lames Sullivan who graduated
at the South Carolina college ami is
now engaged in teaching in Columbia
and also in pursuing a law course in
his alma mater: Smithe Martin who
went to (he South Carolina college
and afterwards taught in this county;
Cr. C. F. Codfrey who graduated in
the Chattanooga .Medical <o!leg?- and
afterwards had an extensive practice
In this county up to the time of Iiis
death last summer; Gus. \V. Cunning
ham Who took the M. A. degree at
Purman and the Ph.D. degree at Cor
nell and after filling the chair of
Moral Philosophy at Howard college,
at Purman and afterwards tin- Th. M.
course at Middlebury college in Ver
mont; A. Hi L?ngsten who look R. A.
at Purman and afterwards the s.une
degree in the Baptist seminary at
Louisville. Ky? pursued his studies
A Waterloo School Mouse.
This article is written out of a heart
full of love, pity and sympathy f^r
the hoys and girls who are not In R
position to get an education, l have
no ax?- :o grind in writing, it, other
than doing what little I can to eh
I courage otir people to bestir them
selves and Change conditions i:i car
rural districts. Let them be what
God intended tie;., to he; a place
where the soul 6; can Wax grts.t
and strong, communing with tat are
and (Joe and doing uuto all men ; t
ho would they should do unto him.
'Then, dear ptoi le, we Would lave a
hap; y f.t:d prosperous land.
W. c. Wharit n.
Waterloo, s. C.
:?; i ? ?? ?>?* v i i ; -t-i t <?> i . :?;
THE NEW PROSPECT ACADEM>. *
? (Ey B. V. Cu.bertson, Principal.) *
In the summer of IS03, the trustees
and patrons of School district ,%'<? l'.
1 I.aureus township, decided upon the
consolidation of two schools then h
thai district. The site selected It
i near Bbyd'S cross toads, tour miles
from Lnuretls, 1; took Its r.;.::.?
from the church, New Prospect, t>it
unted near there.
Mr. p.. v. Culbertson whc> (aught
'one of the sei.cols In that district the
' previous session was made principal.
jit might not he out <: place io men
tion here that With the CXCfl Won <?:
iwo sessions during Which he ;t
! Signed to t ike Charge of
school this same principal has beta
at the head of t!il* school everj s.es
Ja red l>. Pu'.llvan and T. a. Lang*
step, tike the principal, have ;><?
! served this district as (rustics for
' The minimum yearly < :.:?..<
has been about 40 pupils; the maxi
mum about 100.
' This sChObl has always maintained
la standard sufliciently high and broad
, to prepare boys and girls for COllCg< ;
In fact freshman studies have i?e::
taught to several pUpil8.
Those who hftve served as assist'
ants In this schob! a.-e B. P. Godfrey.
Misses Alma L?ngstem. Maggie Mar
tin. Sarah Sullivan. May Cunningham,
Mrs. Estelle Davenport, it. M. Logt n,
J. L. Barnctt, Misses Alice Ferguson
Lou Belle Martin, Hvls Cunningham.
Mamie L?ngsten. V. ('. Bates served
as principal two sessions.
Among the students who hhve *!<-;.??
flirthCr school work afte r leaving this
school are Misses Carrie L?ngsten,
Mattle Flnley, Nannie Cunhinght in,
Susie L?ngsten, Cm ma ('nnnii.t:
teachers; Misses ftosabel Moore- and
and Louiee Martin, who continued
their ambles further at the Laurens
graded school; M^se>s itthel and
Lorle Teapue graduate vain* J nur?
j-es; N'i-se-s Omega Madden end
Junnltu Martin who after tailing a
further in the latter named Institu
tion from which he has received the
degrt e ol Th. I?.
Many other pupils have gone out
I from this school into the battles of
life and are taking a stand as best
they can to wir: for themselves sue
MUST WAGE BATTLE
The m.<:< of lllltcracbj tmonj; (he
Mu*m'!> Is Now < ur tt'rcatcst
: y It. J. I.. Ki hn? I.)
For i-.auty. I. ;? progress; for glory,
write but two words r.nd you comprise
all: "The South.'"
Scarcely a nation and yet With a
national history. (>.ir heavens an
.as blue, oar Heids as green, our scene
ry as grand, our sons as loyal and
devoted, ear daughtt rs as fair and
virtuous as the p< n <>f genius is capa
ble of picturing.
There is h future for the South,
of which we are scarcely capable of
dreaming, If w< are to judge the fu
(nre by the past, and that future can
only fulfil our capability when crown
ed ?Ith the olive branch, peace
should reign and prosperity Will fol
low. Ott?' immediate ancestors have
plucked from the cannon's mouth such
military glory as constitutes the his
tory of heroes. When we borne t??
j review t! e bist?.:'J < i our proud old
Palmetto state1, wc are Impressed with
the heroic deeds of our forefathers
atid to h great measure we feel that
she has reached the highest point of
development in statehood and in the
halls of congress. Wo nli Know that
lour public men of the oast Hampton.
IMnckney antl Calhonn- had their trl
;.!s and tribulations in statecraft, hut
is (here ho danger of our reaching
that point In which wc think till such
problems are matters of the past and
that we only have to n ap the rewards
of the labors of our ancestors? Such
is i.ot the case, and if this is our be
lief We t.re cruelly deceived ..s a peo
The state of Illiteracy so prevalent
among the masses of our people
the greatest problem thai ever con
fronted the American tuition. South
Carolina has always had lor share
of ignorance- and Illiteracy, num
bers ed natural been Illiterates North
Carolina, Tennessee and South Caro
lina have more (hart any e>f the It',
states. These- three*, states stanel at
the very bottom and hold in tin it
hands the black flan of Ignorance a
flag as black M the otcrnal regions
of utter darkness.
America h:ts been called the l-iph*
rlam of modern nations; Gladstone
called it the "base for the greatest
continuous crhplro ever established
by man." We have twenty times as
CHILDREN WHO ARE SICKLY
Mothers who value their own comfort and Uio
xv< ifare of their children, Mich; It) nev? r b? Without ?
i>os of Mother (.ray s Sweet I'owders for Children,
for nee throughout the season. They ltr> uk up e'o.d*,
Cure Pevcrinhnecii, Constipation, Teething in^
ordcra, Headache and stmuach Trouble*. THK8K
I'OWIIRKS NKVRK KAIU Sold by all Drugstores,
Ufte, /?oiri ii.-.-,i.i ,./..?/ ni/.?f(f-iv. A truil pin kiife
will be sen! 1KKE to any nmllur who will address
Allen s. oinisted, Lc Koy, N, Y.
much coal as hi all Europe. All our
resources seem Inexhaustible. Par
above the noise of our Industrial cen
ters we arc warned of this evil which
has already shaken the principles of
our republic, which foreshadows the
decay of citizenship and which will
finally bring upon us ruin and discord.
Let us pause for a moment and con
sider the educational conditions now
existing In our state and we are sure
all will agree that it is a battle
against ignorance. Bring the mat
ter closer home nod look at the rural
schools in i.aureus county. The
school houses are poorly built and
ventilated: there are few, it any
maps, globes, and patent desks; the
teachers arc only half paid, and the
schools are kept open about one
fourth of the year. What a shame
Oil South Carolina!
SUrely there is ;; remedy for these
conditions? We must legislate and
have better country schools; longer
terms, better paid teachers. We must
curtail expenses elsewhere uhd build
better school houses. The rural
school houses in South Carolina are
worth about two hundred dollars
while those In Mnssaohu its lire
Worth one thousand dollars. Wc
must i .?
then by I as . : :t ;
llonal ? ? ? I .-el.
an appeal ? . ! ii ;
eh sei ?
the ? ?
give them the richest inheritance.
Advance tic cause of > duci.tlon Uhd
you advance the cause :?.:::?::. of
humanity, of clVlliznth n.
The building t.: the great Temple
of Jerusalem was left i ;? the Creator
to Solomon lather ;l ; n to David;
because David's reign had i?1char
acterized by bloody wars while that
of Solomon, his son, was designedly
peaceful. it is therefore left to the
young students of today to Luild the
Temple of Southern (Jlory upon the
cornerstone laid by their fathers.
There is glory in peace literary, M i
I entitle, agricultural-?there Is glory in
The coming g< r.< :;.:i< : i 1 (he South
has to f"ij-1.? Its way in the battle Ol
lifo?, and only through the education
of the masses ehii this t ? tccess
fully accomplished. Wiiui n wonder
fill mission is yours! What <? pessi
blllty for good lies before you! For
? ? v.! i ? .
\ud this be cut . ? t
And the star-spangled banner in
in. ? ? ?
O'er the land <?: the free ; :.?! e hi m<
of il.i : . ? ?
Philosophers and Matest?en cd
America. 1. r 11 > us light this bat tit
against Ignorance. Great Cod! 1iv<
us im n In an hour like this.
Let us Improve our opportunities
and all working for the ii 6d Ol i
common country forget that there ?>
a South. a North, an Las; or a V7< ? t
but, "One country, brethren, we :i
rise or ft?ll j with the suj .?:.?? r? i ..i
i lc w e ihust i e the mah? h i h< t
Toon.as !.. Mc.SfO
Magazin?. ihm ?? itil
oil a fruitful t.':? :: < !
''Drains ; re e< mm
(he country, and
ev.-n b' ( a di.-< o\ e:?<
ft rent local Ith s. Mix? tl y,
tl.e> beebn o \ < : y vi i in hie,
spine (hey are a i.- < > ist jty
"At OHO time they i;.f: - ?
tore, but the discovery wn* i
literature Could do < tin
Sim??? then they have been a'
cltisively devoted to advertb
"Drains are emj lojed M ?>;
lerprlses. They make brldi
roads and other systems Ol iranspor
lotion. Tiicy also create eap'.n I, ; tu
are used exclusively In evading ti.
law. They n.ix with water l:lid t a
ollne, i ut are absorb* d I
"Drains are bought at
open mark? t. They ir.n
in oil t!m exchange :..
and Albany or in Other
tn s. The best quality.
not traded Ith I
they a re not ? von I
after they have ?
It is hist as Impcj
colts regularly eve
regularly In or i< r
Real Estate Offerings
132 acres of hind, bounded hy lauds
of Mnnsol Owlugs, l-Jvn Jackson, and
Wnridor Crock. Price $20 |?cr acre.
117 acres of land mar tiray Court,
lioundcd by ia!>.is of ?:. T. shell, \V.
K, (Iray; seven room cottage, tliu*
barn and outbuildings and line past
111*0, I'rlcc *r';e per acre.
2 acres In town of Urny Court;
nice building slti . Price $500.00.
200 acres of laud near llurbill Creek
church, bounded by lands of \v. T.
Parks and I.aureus While: .', tenant
houses, well limbered, good stale of
cultivation. Price $30.00 per acre.
.".7 acres land, bounded by land - of
.1. P. Wells. Thomas Purls, and others
with live room dwelling, rood out
buildings; near Kkom. Price ?;.'? per
Cm1 lot at Watts Mills, with seven
room cottage, 200 feel from and 100
fei deep, with meat market, Price
Some valuable property In town of
Clinton, Nine business lots on Proud
street, ranging hi price from $500 to
>'.l?mi per lot. Two lots fronting on
Musgrovo street, >;"*?> ? ich. One
beautiful building lot fronting XI its
grove street, price $2.000, One !>"
with beautiful residence fronting mi
Musgrovc street, price $:!,iV0O. See
mi early If yon wish to purchase, this
is an exceptional o] poiiuuity.
lad acres land, one-half IllllC of Dial
church. With a handsome, dwelling,
tenant limi-i' ? and good outbuildings.
Come ipllOll i! >Oti ivhlit tili.-- p'.a'-e.
"? ? i pel aci .
? ? e
Two no tie
Price $."?o?. ,
One lot ai Wails Mills. 250 f< t frbnl
by 7o feel deep, I loom cottage hud
out bllibllngs, l': ice $ I ' I v.
One lot at Walts Mills (Obtaining
2 acre.-. Price $250.
SS at res of hind I ? III" P: amb it's
church, hounded by lands oi W, P.
Hai t is ami .Inn, Iturdette. S? v n
room dwelling, 2 tenant houses, good
barn ami out buildings. Price $20
per iu re.
One -1 room cottage, with hall and
2 porches, on (Sarlington avenue.
110 acres of land bounded by
Will Marlin ami Cam it lands, seven
room dwelling, 2 tenant houses, good
barn ami out buildings. Price $25
MO aei, s bound-d by lands of V.
c Heliums and Mit? In it 0v.< as, In ::
miles of I.aureus; 2 dwellings and
out buildings. Price >*:.'- per ticro.
1!' HC 108 laml HOttr OwtngS Station
bounded by land of John Jones ami
Tom llrtitnlett with dwelling and out
buildings price $'i5.00 per ucre.
100 acres luild m ar Pun ford Still
ion bounded by lands of Duff Patter
son, Jr.mos Paterson and others with
dwelling and '?'> Tenant houses Plic?.
>..''>.00 per ucre.
?:.*> ncrcs of land, with dwelling, good
barn and out buildings, near OwingS.
Price $3,500; terms mude easy.
l ; i acres hounded by lauds of Jefl
Davis and llerberl .Martin; good leu
anl houses, and good burn. 1*1*100
$5o per acre.
L".' ncres land near the Incorporated
limits of the Town of fountain Inn
bounded by lauds of Itobt. Taylor, T.
K. Nelson, Jhu Adams ami others;
dwellings and out buildings. PrlCO
$7*1.00 per ucre.
100 acres of land, wltlt Hvo room
dwelling, ?-room tenant bouse, good
out buildings, near Hickory Tavern,
Sullivan township, Price $15.00 pet
."?:? r.< :-?'s of land In town of l.anford.
with leniint hous, at $50.00 per acre.
One loi at I .nitrons Mills, v\ Ith wel
and i! brick chimneys. Price $.'?50.
S ' acres of land in ore i. He of tho
town of Gray Court, with two dwell
ings. Price $ 10 per acre.
52 acres of land in town of flruy
Court, dwelling and outbuildings.
Prlou $50 per acre.
:: IS acres of laud pear it ibu.fi t're ?!>'
; ? . n
of Mary ! i ami
I et own i
net I place, on Ktinroe liver; six room
dwelling, 2 good lehniit l.< is/s atid
sto.<? I uilditig. Price $l|,i ? . i),
115 acreH of land Dial's township,
known as the <.!d Wham's homestead,
with dwelling and out-buildings. Prici
$27.50 per acre.
127 acres land in Sullivan township,
1* room dwelling', good mil buildings, .'.
tenant house. Price $1.0 per aero.
100 acres of laud in Votings township,
11 room dwelling, two tenant hou ea
g< od barn. Price $2.250,
r.',7 acres lai ?I 1 miles of l-i ur< ns
bounded by lands Mrs. Ihirgess, Hol
Brown, Jno. Madden and others; Glon
ant Louses; 7 horse farm in iltiva'.ion
Will be cut into lots of I'tO tt iron < ach
J. N. Leak
Real Estate, Stocks arid Bonds. Gray Court, S. (
Is the greatest incentive t< wai
Whctl ybit find y?nr
feel more like ?-..\-:::_lt.
Interest, like .. in itch ndv
you slei p. "
\Y< ; . .
on certificates <?; uti it for I
Laurens, S. C.
% Nothing Succeeds Like i
J si ( x i :ss J
For thirteen vears the %
$ NICHOLS PHOTO ^
has never failed to make good, And we are still
gK improving it.