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Entered at the postofiice at Laurens,
S. C. as second class mail matter.
LAURRNS, S. C. AUGUST II. 1009.
Several newspapers In the state have
had a great deal to say about State
Bank Examiner Wilson, in connection
with the recent defalcation at Ander
son: some have (ensured him for not
discovering the thelt while others have ?
declared him wholly without blame.
Before expressing any sentiment on
the situation, we have made close in
quiry Into the matter to learn just the
systotn employed by the examiner
and If It is possible for a hank official
to make sway with funds and the
shortage not be caught In the regular
cheeking up. Some people are under
the impression that the examiner goes
over the bank's hooks only, and
that be does not count the cash, both
i t the teller's desk and that deposited
in the vault. This is wholly Incor
rect, for the lirst art of the examiner
when commencing his chocking Is t<>
count all the cash. All the hanks keep
paekngt a of money in their vaults, thai
possibly are not touched in the course
of a month or more. All these are
? ttrefully counted.
Wo tin I. upon Investigation, that a
cashier or assistant cashier can very
easily make awaj with the funds of
a hank. Iiis pilfering extending over
several months, without being found
otii by the haul-: examiner. For in
stance, when there is hill one Official
In the hank who has charge of the
cash, tin; cashier usually, thousands
of dollars of this reserve amount de
posited III the vault may he taken
without detection. Then again,
through the system of loans, the < ash
ler may have on bis books a number
lot "hones" loans, he having taken the
?\xact amount from the cash; bis
? .hooks will balance. Through these
.^methods the man In charge of the
,>cash may default for months without 1
'being detected. Of course when the i
bnnk examiner comes around, which
is just about twice a year, he will find
the shortage in the rash; or If the
boR'is loans look suspicious, this sys
tem will be detected, But In all this
six months, the stealing may no on
The only way to prevent these de
falcations Is for the hank to let the
cash br> handled by ai least two em
ployees, the cashier and bis assistant,
or possibly the teller. Then a theft j
from the vault reserve fund will be \
detected when the balance is struck I
In the afternoon. Again, the duty of ,
bank directors is to investigate the
loans at regular intervals. This will
prevent a long-continued stealing
through that menus.
Bin when the newspapers blame Mr.
W ilson for not finding the shortage in
ihe Anderson case, I hoy are guilty of
placing blame Where blame is not due.
We do no! know v. l.et her or not Mr.
Ilollemau had exclusive charge of the
cash ia his bank, hat it hiiud have
been so. Very likely his defalcations
hail he. n going ( ;i for possibly less
than sis months, and realizing thai
the examiner, who was in the city that
very Snturdnj would itetccl his short
age? On Monday, he left before the ex
amination was begun. The hank is
to bin mo for the occurrence if it al
lowed Mr. Ilolb man io handle the rush
without assistance. Or if the defal
cations were (hrougli the bogus loan
means, tho directors are to h'nhve for
not investigating the loans.
There is no system of examination
that will make i>: nk official, or any
one else for thai matter, hon Vet
tho banks themselves can make it
more diillcult to steal, and could pro
ven! long-continued, defaulting bv tho
proper appnriloiunenl of office duties.
? * ?
ill.'./.im; i HE v> \v.
The time is not Within our recollec
tion when the subject of good roads
was not a vital ami present one.
Politicians have rant el .about them on
??very stump in the country; some of
our officers have done a valuable work
In temporarily improving tho main
thoroughfares o.' the country. The
newspapers have preached the Rospel
?jf good roads from time Immemorial.
Dot still we have bad roads. We con
tinue to pay the heaviest of all taxes:
Like every other movement. It takes
time to arouse the proper sentiment
tc bring about definite results. But
it seems that tho time has been very,
very long, indeed in this matter of per
manent road improvement. Has it
not come? Is not today the accept
Without fear of contradiction we
assert that never wan there such en
thusiasm over the subject as right
now. All over the state, men are
talking good roads; associations of
various kinds and names have been
formed to further the cause. It's In
the air. Good roads! Good roads!
And among the foremost agencies that
have created this sentiment are the
thousands of autOCuoblttstS and auto
mobile associations over the country.
As we all know, the Atlanta Journal
New York Herald scout ears in their
passage through the states, if they did
nothing more, seemed to create a
Strong desire among all the people
to improve the roads through the
country. And now In this state, the
Columbia Record has sent cars Into
the various counties, blazing the way.
urging good roads, establishing n cap
ital-to-county route. The effort Is to
get the people interested, then the
county officials: the counties, then,
CO-operatIng, can In a short while,
build permanent roads connecting with
encu other, and forming this great
route from Columbia to each county
seat in the state. It will build up Co
lumbia; it will build up every county
seat; it will be ' meflcial to every
farmer In the sb
Here in Laurent '. Tuesday night
In a (lilt;, i meetl '-t >vas appointed a
Committee composed of a representa
tive from ea< h county between Green
ville and Columbia whose effort shall
be to properly present the ms tter be
fore the authorities of the counties,
get the sentiment of the people behind
them, and get a main highway built
from Columbia to Greenville, by way
of n v' erry. Clinton, Gray Court,
Fountain Inn an i Simps?nville. Th|s
committee will hold a meeting soon j
and definite plans for the campaign
will be formed. Messrs. .1. Adgar
Smyth ami Hi a. Cooper aro the rep
resentatives of this county on that
"Good roads" is the gospel that
these auto clubs are preaching; they
have gotten the ear of the people, and 1
it v. ill not be tnany years before we j
see th.> results of their werk. They
are blazing the way.
We notice that President Hummett j
of the Orr mills In Anderson says the
$."?0,000 shortage will in no wise crip- j
pie the mill, since it is worth $1.500,
000. Looking over the tax values in j
this stat ?. we see however that the i
Orr mills of Anderson are assessed
at only $1SO,000, or 32 per cent of the
value as estimated by President Ham
meit. Talk about taxes? There's j
no use to talk until the matter of as- j
sessments is looked Into.
? ? ?
But cotton mills .ire not the only
properties that are returned at too j
small a figure. There are farm lands
all over this staf * that cannot be
bought for $10') per acre; they are |
assess.si at $."..00.
How many taxpayers In Laurens
return their "personal property" at
more than $'J00?
? ? ?
Some days ago a very busy business
man of this city said: "When I go
home, I go there to free myself of
business; but I can scarcely get seat
ed at supper or dinner before some
body rings me up over the telephone
to 'talk business"". Moral: Learn
when to use a phone.
? ? ?
In The State Is appearing a series
of a-tales written by Mr. A. S. Sal
ley, ,lr.' on "StoutIt Carolina Genealo
gies". The Prltchard and Wilkinson
fnmille . with a.any of their branches,
have been the subjects of ilie three
papers that have been printed. Not
ortly are tho articles of genuine his
toric;,; value but they sStout 1 !>?? stim
ulative of tin Interest it. persohjfvi and
fa mil history. .Moreover, the artl
eh - si nulii prove of wide anil general
lit I ere iM it frequently happens that
they disclose to readers the:: descent
from or kinship with families of Which
these reader's nave heeti Ignofnnti
Mr. Snlley has earned a reputation
as one of the fftOst accurate and Con
scientious Writers in ! is field in the
The article printed July 2??th was
of special interest to Hdgofleld read
ers as it tel.'* of the descent of the
late Goveri or Krami-s W. i'ickens
from the Wilkinson family, Kvery
article will nj)pda1 especially to peo
ple In one or another pan of the state.
? ? ?
OUR BLUE LAWS.
f)OWn In Newherry there's a writer
it: The Herald ami News, who calls
himself 'The I Her". In every issue
of this Interesting newspnpor, appears
a column or so of very Interesting
comments on current events, such as
an idler would be expected 10 make.
Last Friday's piper contained the
following about the Sunday observ
ance laws In Laurens:
"Over in Laurens they have a Gun
( day law that will not permit a resi
dent to buy a cl?ar on Sunday but a
stranger or visitor can purchase such
necessary supplies*. A visitor was at
the hotel tho olhor Sunday and a elt
SHAKE INTO YOUR 8HbE8
Allen's Pc >Ea*e, a powder. It care* painful,
smarting, nervous feet and ingrowing nails, and in
sUotljr talteethe sting oat of corn* Ana bunions. It's
the greatest comfort discovery of the age. Allen'?
Foot- Base make* tight or new shoee '&e\ ea* jr. It la
a certain care for sweating, callous, swollen, tired,
aching feet. Try U to-day. Sold br all DrugjrUts
and Shoe Store*. By mall for tSc. in stamp*.
Don't aoofot any mbtUutt. Trial p?ek#gu PBJSX.
Address Ailed ?. Olm? ted, Le Hoy, M. T.
Izen walked up and Bald to him. 'Buy
me a quarter's worth of cigars'. The
visitor at first did not understand
what bis friend meant, but he bought
tiie cigars and the resident gave him
; the quarter with which to pay for
them. Well, now. I have no patience
with any such sham and hypocrisy
and such pretense at goodness by
Btatute. Metier not have any such
laws. That is what 1 mean by say
ing ll at I am not in favor of too many
Sunday and blue laws".
The Idler should have stated that
the incident above referred to oc
curred at the hotel, for that is the
only place where cigars can be pur
chased at all, by even visitors In the
city. That exception is made doubt
less because guests at the hotel are
Strangers in the City and are not sup
pose,! to know about the regulation
and will no doubt fail t.j provide
themselves with these necessities.
Besides many of them arrive in the
city after night on Saturday.
But the point The Idler makes is
that our own citizens evade the law
in the manner described and it is this
"sham and hypocrisy" that he has no
patience with. He doesn't believe in
trying to make peopla good by stat
ute. That is the same old argument
that is used in behalf of the sale of
Whiskey; it is old and threadbare;
every politician and would-be writer
takes it up and imagines he has
struck ;< snag tl:al the "prohibition
ists fUlinnl get over. The fait thai
on ? man it: Laurens lias evaded the
Sunday cl isici ordinance convinces
Tho l ller and his ''.!; that the law is
no good; Since our "blue laws" have
fon<? Into effect there are hundreds
>.' ( ur citizens who have learned to ,
.>: ?>, i'.e themselves with cigat*3 and
such things (?:: s. turdny. it is now
i habit, whereas before, they waited
in'l' Sunday morning to make these
utrtdmses. The drug clerks are now
given a little rest < n Sunday; there
net that continual serving of cold
Irinks. and there [3 no one in I.aurer.s
who can conscientiously say that the
dd way WHS better.
The idler ought to gel out of New
berry once in n while, Bee a little of
the world and Iben make his com- |
meats on such subjects as this.
LVewberry'S way is not the only true |
and Correct manner of doing things.
Laurens' Sunday laws are all right,
even if one or two fellows do get
around them sometimes. And again
W3 a>k. what lasv is there that is not
? ? *
"TH1X, IY1IITK HA NIKS*.
"Chaplain", said a young criminal
in a state prison.holdlng up his thin,
white hands, "these hands never
worked; do you think they can learn
to work"? That WS8 the secret of
that young man's criminality. And
Idleness today Is one of the principal
causes of crime. Unless boys and
girls are trained to honest work they
are bound to gravitate towards crime
Wlille the above, from an exchange.
Is true in a large measure, it is just
as senseless to argue that a man's
hands must be hard ami horny for
aim to be honest, as it is to contend
that Idleness does not promote mid
encourage dishonesty. Manual labor
Is not essential to honesty: it is a
great aid. however. Kmploymenl of
some kind is necessary to usefulness
in life; the class of Idlers we we find,
particularly In the large cl ies. con
tribute nothing to their age, are con
sumers without producing anything.
As a rule they are a menace to the
.Marie Corel 11 once asked. "Are the
poor alone to possess the old World
vir,ues?" One Is likely to believe thai
she spoke almost a truth. Yet. we
believe it utterly silly in argue thai
manual labor alone Is conducive to
honesty. The foci thai the young
criminal, above mentioned, had thin.
Willie hands Is not damaging evidence
it was n? sin. lie could knve
worked with his bend just as honestly
worked with bis head jsut 08 honestly
and uprightly as wit'i bis bands, and
been as great a blessing to his fellows.
He used Ills head to wrong purposes.
Hut don't start up the foolish cry
that the fellow with "whito hands" Is
? m. Ncftovrnn in Kdsrcueld.
Mr. Wm. It. MCClOWan, the younu
I,aureus gentleman who has been vis
iting Mr. James T. Bacon, loft for his
home on Monday morning, after hav
ing attended and enjoyed all three of
Kdgefhdd's great distinctive picnics.
When be saw the three thousand peo
ple at Lanbam's spring, bis eyes be
gan to stretch; when he saw the five
thousand at Centre spring, they
popped: find when he saw the seven
thousand at Harmony, they popped
clean out of his bead. We are gl a 1
to say that ho bus promised to come
back at this same, time next year.?
I OUR SPECIAL NOTICES. |
Notice?High Grade Jack will stand
at Horse Creek farm this season; good
colts? I have, some?see them at my
farm. Fee $15.00. M. B. McCuen.
Notice ?I hereby forbid any one to
trespass on my placa in any manner
whatsoever. If caught doing so will
prosecute to extent of law. J. N.
Wright. Laurens, S. C. 52-2t j
For Sale?200 cords of pine wood.
Will sell delivered or on the ground
(three miles from Laurens and four
miles from Clinton). M. L. Copeland. I
For Sale -6 well-bred, non-register- !
ed Shropshire Huck Lambs, for sale bv
Dr. A. C. Fuller. l-2t.
For Sale -1(17 acre farm in Spartan- j
burg county, on Enoree river; magni
ficent pasture. Terms easy. N. B.
Dial. 2-2t. i
hills Fleas-Cures the worst case
of marine?Bicaise's Manse Cure. Not j
poisonous. Ftdl line Bicaise's Ho?
Remedies for sale by the Laurens
Drug Co. 2-2t.
Found -One pair nose glasses, ou
Main street near opera house. Call
at Advertiser office. 2
Valuable Furia For Sale.?We are
offering for sale the Ludy Blakeley
Home place at Ora. S .('.. containing
200 acres, more or less, one of the
most desirable farms In the un coun
try. Said lands will be sold at pub- :
lie outcry at Laurens 0. H? on 1st
Monday in October. This land can
be purchased privately if desired.
For further Information address L.
P. Blakeley. Ora. S. C. 2
Wanted. Several bust 1 in? young
men who wish to make not less than
$2.00 per day by selling a valuable,
useful article which almost sells itself
to all classes of people. Experience
is desirable but not requfred. This
is your chatte* to make some money
honestly during your spare time. Call
to see me Friday, the 2?'ih. inst. at
!:?:: Laurens street. P. B. v.. Lau
rens. S. C. 2-2t
For Cotton Welcher? I hereby an
nounce myself as n candidate for Cot
ton Weigher at Cross Hill. S. C. an I
solicit the votes of my friends. .lohn
You will always find here the lar
gest and best line of Window Shades
in different sizes and colors, made of
the best Quality of material and at
prices you would have to pay for a
cheaper quality at other places.
S. M. & E. H. Wilkes .?;- Co.
Three leading Huropean steamship
companies have combined to establish
?i regular service between Hamburg,
Rotterdam and the Canadian ports of
St. John and New Brunswick.
NOTICE OF FI.F.l TIOX.
State of South Carolina.
Whereas petitions signed by more
than one-third of the qualified elect- i
ors and free holders residing in the
Hunter School District. Hunter
Township, No. 3, Laurens County.
South Carolina, asking for an elec
tlon on the question of Levying a Two i
(2) Mill Tax upon property in said
School District to be used for School
purposes have been filed with the j
County Board of Election, an election I
is hereby ordered upon said quebtion,
said election to he held on the 21st'
day of August. lf>0ft. at Bock Bridge
day of August. 1009. at the Oakville
School House, under the management
of the Trustees of the said School
Only such electors as return real
or personal property for taxation, and i
who exhibit their tax receipts and ]
registration certificates as required In
general elections shall be allowed to
Those favoring the Tax shall vote
a ballot containing the word "Yes"
written or printed thereon: those
against the Tax shall vote a ballot
containing the word "No" written or
Polls shall open at the hour of 7
o'clock In the forenoon and remain
open until the hour of 1 In the after
noon, when they shall be (dosed and
the ballots counted.
The Trustees shall report the result
of said election to the County Auditor
within ti*i days thereafter.
GEORGE L. PITTS.
2-21 Co. Sunt, of Education,
IF YOU WANT
THE BEST FOR
pay [cash and
trade at a cash
The Cash Gfocef
Next Door to Palmetto Bank.
PHONE, NO. 183
The Drip of Water
soon wears away the hardest stone and iii it's result
the Savings Account is beautifully demonstrated. The
little amounts regularly deposited soon mount up and it is
not long before the sum is of sufficient proportions for
something worth while. Start an account with us at
once. You will be surprised how much you can put aside
and scarcely miss and for which one rarely has anything
to show. We pay 4 per cent, interest.
Laurens, S. C.
Down in Egypt
Von will find Corn, Oats, Hay, Flour, Fresh Water fire und
Corn Meal, Cotton Seed Meal, Brau and Shorts, Chicken
Feed, also a full stock of Molasses, Syrups and Fresh Hams.
In Dry Goods we carry a nice line of .Shoes, Brown Sheet
in.;. Bleeching, Overalls and other .Staple Dry Goods.
Frtces always right.
J. H. Siallivan
Laurens, S. (\
Our Grand Clean
has just been all that we could wish and just to think
it is just started good and our bargains are still
numerous so join the crowd and be made glad that
you spent your hard earned dollars with us for we
will stretch it out and when you get home and ex
amine the goods you will be so glad you come.
Come Saturday for our bargains will be great,
a lot of new goods on the road.
Several pairs of Ladies', Men's, Children's, Low
Cut Shoes still on sale at half price.
J. L. Hopkins
Laurens, S. C.
Annual Mountain and Sea
August 18th, 1909
Charleston ? Western Carolina
To Spring and Mountain Resorts in
North and South Carolina.
For rates etc., call on ticket Agents or
General Passenger Agsnt
807 Broadway, Augusta, Ga. >v