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LAlRLNS, S. C. JANUARY 211, 1010.
TUG ASYLUM KG POUT.
At last year's session Of the legisla
ture a committee, consisting of Sen
ators ChrlstOUSOn, Hates, and llardin.
and Represt datives Harrison. Hick.
Sawyer and Carey, was appointed to
Investigate the conditions at the State
Hospital fir the Insane an-f report its
Undings at the present s >sslon. This
report was submitted hisi Thursday
morning. The committee, however,
was divided and two reports were
rondored, Senator Christensen writing
the majority report and Representa
tive Carey, the minority.
Aiming the salient points of the re
ports, as summed up by The News
and Courier, are the following:
" The majority report shows thai on
December III last there were in the In
stitution 1.533 inmates 520 while
women. "70 white men. 321 negro
women, 322 negro men.
"Without placing the blame on any
particular person, ihe majority re
port states that the evidence shows:
'That lift en patients of mi" ward
were bathed In the same wnti r In a
?Thai the foulest water eh.set. cen
tre of wide soil pollution, without
screens is located within o few feet
of an outdoor kitchen.
"That the bodies of dead' patients
are buried one on top of another in
the same lot, with as little considera
tion as if they were so many dogs.
"That cholera hogs and the dead
ar?> kept In Ihe same lot.
Thai Ihe wards, even of the white
Women, are overrun With vermin and
the patients ore allowed to go un
kempt and ragged.
"The report also states thai some
of the alf adants are reported illiter
ate and brutal, many cases of brutal
ity being .. port?>d and that the food
served the patients Is ba lly prepared
by persons who never learned to cook
and is served in dirty, greasy tin dish
es. Government reports are quoted
to show that in the South Carolina
Hospital the death rate Is the highest
In the United states. 21.51 per cent, as
compared with a general average of
1 1 per cent.
"It is estimated thai it will require
$350,000 to put the plant in proper
shape, tool it Is suggested the present
plant be sold, the land being worth
$100.000 and two plants, to cost $.r>00,
ooo each, he erected by the state else
"A minority report, submitted by
three members of the commission, dis
agrees with the main features of the
minority report. it holds thai the
lack of funds to put the institution on
n modern basis, due to the state's
heavy Indebtedness, is the principal
BOA reo Of trouble. It slates thai the
patients, as a rule, are well eared for,
that the food served is of good quality
and well cooked. ; nd that Ihe man
agement Of the state's farm is system
atic and efficient.
"The minority report stales that it
is unnecessary to create a great debt
for the slate in the purchase of new
sites, and that the expenditure of a
bout $.",o.oofi annually for several years
will meet the requirements of the sit
As noted, (be reports place blame
on no particular person or persons;
they are a Statement of conditions as
found. That is doubtless all right,
for the committee was not empowered
to "try" anybody; but, the people of
South Carolina must necessarily place
the. blame for Conditions somewhere
The fact stands, that the management
of the hospital lias not been what it
Khould have bCon; some one. or some
body of men or officials is at fault.
The minority report submits that con
ditions are due to lack of funds; hut.
the majority contends thai some oin'
Is at fault for the failure to let these
conditions be known. Very naturally
Ihe board of regents is expected to
keep In close touch with conditions
and report to the general assembly;
H seems, according to the majority re
port, that this board has utterly failed
to do its duty. It appears further
(bat the superintendent is at fault In
allowing such conditions as are re
ported, to continue under his super
vision for such a length of time.
If conditions as reported by the
majoHty of the committee are true,
and vi bavo no reason to doubt the
stotoraents, then by all means the en
tire board of regents and *he super
intendent should resign. The report,
although It places no blame, is in It
self sufficient proof that those in au
thority have been utterly incompe
tent or negligent of their duty. The
contention of the minority that the
board of regents receives such mea
gre compensation and that in conse
quence they should not le> expected
to give much attention to their duty,
is a bnd argument. If they did not
consider the pay ndequnto, they should
have so reported to the governor and
handed in their resignations. In oth
er words, they should not have done
half their duty because they re? olvod
but half pay. And the superintendent,
If ho found himself unable to cope
with the situation, to do justice to
himself and his patients, should have
placed the facts before tho general
assembly, urged additional appropri
ations, or. failing to secure the neces
sary amounts, resigned bis position.
He has done himself a great Injustlco
by allowing matters to run on as they
have; else, ho has been very negligent
if we mistake not, tho general as
asembly has not failed to appropriate
the amounts asked for the hospital: at
least, it has always made up the de
ficits. There appears no excuse for
the existing conditions. The general
assembly was simply not acquainted
with conditions at the hospital, or
they would have remedied them ere
As to the recommendations of tho
majority, wo uro inclined to think that
they should bo given serious consid
eration and should carry with them
tii weight, it appears that Senator
Christensen has devoted almost a
year's time in the study of hospitals,
having travelled over many states. \ is
Itlng asylums and securing Informa
tion from the greatest specialists In!
the country. His views arc based on
facts. The minority refused to study]
conditions in other stales considering j
this net among their duties. Coin
pared with other Institutions, as shown
in the Investigations made by Si nn
tor Christensen. tho South Carolina
hospital is a generation behind the
times. .Methods tire employed here
that have been discorded for over
twenty years in other states: and the
pity of it Is that the superintendent
of our hospital contends that his meth
ods, in some particulars at bast, are
the best. Statistics seem to prove
That radical changes are necessary'
is nil (divlous fact. Howes er. we clif
! for with the committee in its recom-1
inundation that the asylum should be
I divided ami the two sections located
in different parts of the state. This
would entail unnecessary expense.
Why not sell the plant in Columbia
and purchase a huge farm near the
city of Columbia, and erect upon this
the necessary buildings for the no- .
comodatlon of both races? There Is
no necessity of locating the negro hos
pital in one section of the state and
the white in another: the races can J
be satisfactorily separated on a farm
near the city of Columbia.
The general assembly owes to the
people of South Carolna a speedy rem
edy of the conditions at the hospital
for the insane. We believe that the
matter as it now stands is even a
greater disgrace to the state than the
corruption in the old state dispensary.
In the latter it was simply a game
of graft; in the hospital affairs, it is
inhumanity to helpless human beings.
What is the general assembly going
to do about it ?
* * *
( HUM II HM'.SS AOEXTS.
In the ThOrnwoll Messenger of last
week appears the following Item:
"A speaker in a church in Boston re
cently advocated the advertising de
partment for churches, claiming that
it will he necessary for the church to
koop pace with the world by using the
world's methods. A press agent and
constant advertising in the newspapers
is demanded, thinks the speaker. Ev
ery innovation in the church meets
with much opposition from a certain
e' imont. The next generation usually
adopts the proposition and in turn
goes on to something else Which caus
es dissatisfaction am mg some there,
and thus the round eternally. What
ever may be said against or in favor
of the scheme, this much is certain,
the churches in the cities and large
towns are already using the daily press
to carry tl t.r church notices."
That Is jus* the point: ?!ie city
churches have already adopted tho
plan and la some of the smaller towns
the scheme is meeting with favor. In
I,aureus Inst fall, there was the first
decided effort along that line and tne
results were eminently satisfactory.
And the idea is growing, as will be
OVldenced by tho columns of The Ad
vertiser for the last two weeks. The
ministers are advertising their preach
The Advertiser some time ago urged
the churches to appoint a member of
Its board of deacons or elders to act
as "press agent." Tho plan Is good
and the people are taking hold. Lau
rens Is far ahead of many towns in [
As for tho wrong In advertising re
ligious affairs, It Is as Dr. Jacobs says:
"Kvory Innovation In the church meets j
with opposition from a certain elc- ,
mont." That is true, whether the in
novation he good or had. The good
results from advertising church af
faitis prove that the idea is not a bad
? ? ?
MRUS AND TREES.
"I don't allow anybody to shout or
kill anything on my place', said ;i
farmer tin- other day.
"You protect the internal little Bug
isli sparrow, too?" he was asked.
"Vis." was the reply; "and every
other kind of bird. This slaughter
ing of birds is the most BOllSOloss prac
tice in existence, and some of these
days the people will suffer in full men
Bltre lb?' results of it. Nol that I a in
moved particularly with sentimental
consideration, although it is a pity to
see the destruction of such creatures:
but tiie enconomic loss is great there
Continuing along this line, our
friends said: "My father Bays that in
a drive through the woodlands now or
across fields, be sees about one bird
now to a bundled thai could be Been
forty years ago. They are just being
killed out too fast. And. do you know,
the people are Buffering already in the
destruction cd' fruit trees. There arc
not enough birds now to eat up the
bugs, worms and other vermin that in
fect the fruit tries, particularly the
And that Bounds very reasonable too.
Some years ago. one might see num
bers of old apple trees, some doubtless
fifty or sixty years of age and still
bearing fruit. It there is a fruit-boar-,
lug apple tree in Laurens county to
day that is over twenty-five year;; old.
we wish somebody would tell us about
it. This may, and very likely is in a
large* measure due to the fncl that birds]
whic h protect trees in destroying ver
min, have been slaughtered at such a
rate. This in addition to the fact that
the people generally are IgnSH'anl Inj
the art of coring for. doctoring and I
protecting trees, is fast robbing this
part of the count:} of a line crop.
Tin* apples grown here are Inferior;
and. not 0V( II as "good as they used to
About Hie birds though: some many
parlor rifles air guns and sling slints
in the bands of the "kid.-'' are th" In
struments of such wholesale dost ruc
tion. In the years gone by. when there
was but one gun on the place, and
that an old army musket or a muzzle
loading sbot gun. the "kids" dhl not
do much shooting. When they did go
bunting it was for rabbits, coon?. pos
sums and partridges, game thai was
of use on the table. Now. birds are
being killed by the thousands by the
"young hopefuls" of the family, whose
indulgent parents have given them
guns" for Christmas presents. Any
ho>' should be at least sixteen or sev
enteen years of age before he Is given .
or allowed to use a gun. Some should
never be allowed to touch one. The
parent who allows his child to kill
birds, right and left, just for the fun
of killing, is lacking in some of the
Christian virtures. and deficient In I
some of the qualities that a parent
should possess. There are some such 1
in these parts. The trouble is that 1
the public suffer from their denreda
tlons, not they themselves, alone.
Why will not the people of Laurent*!
county exercise a little sane; judgment
on this matter of birds and trees? We
have little hope that they will: the'
boys must have amusement, tuifl the
boys rule the parents in a lamentably
large number of homes.
? * *
"HYPERCRITICAL LA IKK VS."
Ralph Ringham, lecturer and hum
orist, entertained an Intelligent audi
ence up at (be v. :y progressive little
town of Fountain Inn a few evenings
?go. Alter expatiating on the virtues
of .Mr. Hlnbham ami the general excel
lence of the lecture, fbc Fountain Inn
News and Notions ventures this re
mark: "It is the consensus of opinion
throughout this community (hat as,
a wholesome funmaker, Ralph Bing
ham is a winner and that ho could ev
en make good in hypercritical Lau
Hyperc ritic al means more than crit
ical, excessively critical, critical be
yond reason, captiously censorious,
over-nice and so on. Just why our
contemporary considers Laurens hyp
ercritical we do not know ; possibly
it has good and sufficient reason for
the opinion. Rut wo scarcely believe
that the full definition of the word is
really Intended. Our friend is merely
complimenting the tastes of the peo
ple here; not chiding them for their
unreasonable demands. Anyhow, we
take It as a compliment, meaning that
the people of Laurens are particular
about the class of attractions they
have, and that they are not satisfied
with entertainments of just any char
Just by way of parenthesis, -wo arc
rather glad that our city is getting tho
reputation of being somewhat critical
In her tastes; it will assist In keeping
away Home of the "things" that are
inclined to "blow in" here every once
and a while. Our thanks to The News
? ? ?
Every newspaper you see those clays
has something about the boundless
prosperity of the times; we are told;
of the vast sums that are on deposit
In the hanks ami of the wealth of the
fanners. That ts line. Hut what of
the poor devils that are working today'
on the stone salary they received two
years ago. when the necessities of
life cost them hut little over half
what they eost now. Salaries the
same; eost of living almost doubled
that's the prosperity some are enjoy
Relief in Five Minutes mid IVrnuiiicul
Cure or Money Hack.
When the I.aureus Drug Co. slates
that they have a remedy that is guar
anteed locate any man or woman who
suffers from food fermentation which
causes belching, sou:- stomach, gas
(?nictations, heartburn and thai lump
of lead feeling in the abdomen or mon
ey back what are the poor stomach
sufferers In Laurens and vicinity going
to do about it?
The name of this most remarkable
stomach prescription is Mi-o na. It s
a certain cure for indigestion or stom
ach disorders. Mere is one opinion:
" I have been troubled with indiges
tion for more than a year. 1 bought
one box of Mi-o-nn and it cured me.
.Now 1 would not be without a box in
the bouse for $50.00. It saves a lot
when you can be cured for 50 cents."
Arthur Kodorguost, ('> Nichols St.,
Wnkefleld, Mass. Nov. 7. 11)09.
Mi-o-nn stomach tablets cost 50c
a box at druggists everywhere and at
the Laurens I >rug Co.
Booth's Pills will give constipation
sufferers a joyful surprise. 2~>c.
A man has invented a Clock that
needs to be wound but once in 10.000
years. Unfortunately, however, one
Is apt to forget in that lime where he
!>ut the key.
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy Is a
very valuable medicine for throat and
lung troubles, quickly relieves and
cures painful breathing ami a danger
ously sounding cough which Indicates
congested lungs. Sold by Laurens
"Are you the mate?'' asked die lands
man, as he went aboard the ship. ".No,
sir. I'm the man that cooks the mate,"
fcplieud tho Irish, cooK.
A Wild Hlizzanl Having
brings danger, suffering -often death
to thousands, who take cold, coughs
and lagrippe- that terror of winters
and spring. Its danger signals are
"stuffed up." nostrils, lower part of
nose sore, chills and fever, pain in
hack of bead, and a throat-gripping
cough. When Crip attacks, as you
value your life, don't delay getting Dr.
King's New Discovery. "One bottle
cured me." writes A. L. Dunn, of Pine
Valley, Miss., "after being 'laid up'
throe weeks with Crip." For sore,
lungs. Hemorrhages, Coughs. Colds,
Whooping Cough. Bronchitis, Asthma,
Its supreme. 50c, $1.00. Guaranteed by
I.aurens Drug Co. <fc Palmetto Drug Co
It does not necessarily follow that
the one who can indite the most senti
mental valentine will make the best
Have you a weak throat? If so. you
cannot he too careful. Von cannot be
gin treatment too early. Bach cold
makes you more liable to another and
the last is always the harder to cure.,
if you will take Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy at the outset you will be sav
ed much trouble. Sold by Laurens
Be wide awake, hustle, and make
tracks, but do not, on any pretext,
make muddy ones on your wife's best
The busiest and mightiest little thing
that ever was made is Chamberlain's
Stomach and Liver Tablets. They do
tho work whenever you require their
aid. These tablets change weakness
into strength, llstlessness into energy,
gloominess into joyousness. Their
action is so gentle one don't realize
they have taken a purgative. Sold by
Laurens Drug Co.
The Autitor's ofllce will be open
from the 1st day of January to tho
20th day of February, 1910, to make
returns of all property both real and
personal for taxation.
For tho convenience of the taxpay
ers the Auditor or his deputy will at
tend the following named places to
receive returns for said year to wit:
Martin's Store, January 19, from '.?
a. in. to 12 in.
Princeton, January 20, from 1 p. m.
to I p. in.
Tumbling Shoals, January 21 from
10 a. m. to 2 p. m.
I). D. Harris's, January 24, from 10
a. in. to 2 p. m.
Abnor Babb's, .January 25, from 10
a. m. to 2 p. m.
v. A. White's. January 20, from 10
a. m. to 2 p. in.
Cook s Store, January 27, from 10 a
in. to 2 p. m.
Stewart's Store, January 28, from
10 a. in. to 2 p. in.
Young's, January 2'.?, from 10 a. m.
to 12 m.
Pleasant Mound, January 29, 2p. m.
to 4 p. m.
Lanford, January 31, from 9 a. m.
to 12 m.
Ora, January 151, from 2 p. m. to 4
Watts Mill, February 2, from 2 p.
m. to 4 p. m.
All male citizens between tho ages
of 21 and 00 yenrs on the 1st of Janu
ary, except those who aro Incapable
of earning a support from being mnln
ed or from other causes, are doomed
polls, Confederate veterans excepted.
All taxpayers are required to givo
Township and No. of School District:
nlso state whether property Is situated
in town or country. Each lot, tract
or parcel of land must bo enterod
After the 20th of February, 50 per
cont penalty will be attached for fail
ure to make returns.
W. T. DORROH.
Dec. 4, 1909?td.
I OUR SPECIAL NOTICES. |
For Halo?12S acre farm with dwell
ing, tenant house and other Improve
ments, located - miles east of Reedy
River Power company and known as
the Cunningham place. Price $25 per
Here. Andrew C. Phillips, Laurens.
lt. F. I). No. G. -It
Notice Did you know there was
an up-to-date wood yard in the city?
If not phone 33. Eichelberger Oros.
Notice We sell (lie best lime for
$1.00 per barrel. Eichelberger Bros.
For Sale. Shepherd pups (dogs)
:\ months old al $5.00 each: Toulouse
(ieese at $5.00 per pair. M. It. I.. Pe
den, fountain inn. Route I.
Notice We bandle all our coal with
forks. Impossible for you to get any
thing but clean lump eoal. Eichel
Notice Don't go out in (be cold to
bunt a dray just phone :'>:*>. Eichel
I am Read) to treat your horses
and mules as well as cows. Chttl'Ogos
very rcsonnble. 11. B. (Iritton, Horse
and mule specialist, Laurens, S. C.
For Sale. Splendid large bay horse,
7 years old. mahogany bay. and all
O. K. Also several ofllces and rooms
to rent. Apply to Dr. W. II. Dial.
See Hunter A Co.- For beardless
barley, cane seed. peas, all grades of
molasses and Baby chick feed.
Lost?One sunburst pearl pin. Fri
day. .Ian. 13th., between residence of
F. I'. MInter and W. II. Anderson. Re
ward if returned to E. P. Minter. It
For Rent Three rooms in residence
formerly occupied by Col. T. R. Crews.
Apply to Mr Sparks at Sparks Dry
Cods Co. on West Main street. L'tl-lt
.Notice I thank my customers for
past patronage anil solicit more of
their grinding. Fresh Home grond
corn meal lor sale. Apply al mill.
.1. A. Rodgers. Manager. 26-11
Wanted At once, l2or 15 pigs, from
25 to ,",o lbs. each, flood prices paid.
S. 0. McDaniel, Laurens. S. C.
For Sale A tew bushels of Improv
ed King cotton seed; $1.00 per bushel.
Also a line bay horse, qualities per
fect, price right. .1. Wade Anderson,
Laurens, s. c.
For Sale. One Cyphers model incu
bator, I K) egg capacity and good as
new. cost $22.00 will sell tor $15.00. II
is to;) large for my needs. Also one
very tine white Plymouth Reck cocker
el. $3.00. ten hens and pullets. $1.50
eacli and fifteen white Leghorn pul
lets. $1.0(1 each. A lew settings of
white Plymouth Rock ami white Leg
horn eggs from heavy laying stock,
$.00 per 1.".. A. C. Ilnskell Jr.. Lau
rens, S. c. H
Notice. List your property, mill
and bank stock with Bishop and Wolff
Laurens. S. C.
Notice?Hair cut and shave 30 cts.
at Hallman's barber shop, special for
next thirty days. L'C-LM
When in town come to Hallman's
Barber shop, rear of Enterprise bank.
White barbers only, excellent service,
sharp rasors. 20-2t
No matter how many entries there
may be in the race of life, the clock is
right there at the wind up.
Making Life Safer.
Everywhere life is being made more
safe through the work of Dr. King's
New Life Fills in constipation, bilious
ness, dyspepsia, indigestion, liver trou
bles. Kidney diseases and Rowel dis
orders. They're easy, hut sure, and
perfectly build up the health. 2f>c at
Laurens Drug Co. & Palmetto Drug Co.
Studio 231 W. Main St.
Wm. O. BARNWELL
Violin and Piano
Conductor Laurens Choral Society
Private lessons may he engaged for
day or evening.
Beginners as advanced.
ORCHESTRA [meets Monday night
at the STUDIO.
CHORUS meets Thursday night at
residence of REV. C. F. RANK IN,
next to First Presbyterian Church,
For Good Groceries
Always fresh and clean
It is our purpose to offer
nothing that is not the best
in quality, and our prices
arc always right.
See us for Flour
See us for Coffee
See us for Sugar
See us for Canned (loods
See us for anything^Jyou
need in the grocery line.
J. W. Payne & Co.
The Cash Grocers.
What about protecting
your property against loss
by fire. We have as good
as the best in the way of
Laurens Fire In=
C. W. McCRAVY, Mgr.
All kind of furs, Mink,
iWuskrat and others.
The highest market
price will be paid.
Next door P. O.
Laurens, S. C
A KD Special Railroad Dial has
numerals for every minute from i
to 60 around the dial. A glance
tells the number of minutes past
I.rt 11 h j.Ih>w yroi tlio TTowARn Watch,
Vtlwfixed i>/ j.iiniuii llokvl?.-J ' uSUOO.
o**o**o**.o** oo **o**o**o**o.
I WE HUSTLE RIGHT ALONG *
! on the plumbing job we tackle. We couldn't afford
; to do work so moderately and thoroughly and
i) waste time on it. Time means money to us and
? must to you. So we tackle the job promptly finish
$ and depart the same way. Try our kind of plumb
\ ing. You'll like our work, our methods and our
) J. H. BOYD & COMPANY
Electrical and Plumbing Contractors
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