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FROM COTTON CROP
Dr. Knapp Presents Some Conclusions
On (lie Subject of Last Year's
Washington Murch 15.?Dr. Seaman
A. Knapp, bead of the farmers' co
operative demonstration work, lias is
Hued the following bulletin:
The season of 1909, while one <>f the
worst we have ever known for the
cotton crop i" all but the At laut i?
States, taughl some .nluablo lessons:
1. it demonstrated that a crop of
cotton under heavy boll weevil In
festation, could bo made after July 1,
provided tin? farmers pick up the punc
tured squares and work the lb-id In
tensively. In fact, there were very
few bolls on the cotton plant in
Loulslanu and soutnwesl .Mississippi
on July I. i;?i>:?. The weather then be
came dry and wann, and BUCll as fol
lowed the instructions of the govern
ment demonstration work made a fair
orop of cotton, both on the alluvial
bottoms and on the bill lands, and the
planter who failed to follow such in
structions made very little. Louisiana
has always had years of a short crop,
due to adverse weather conditions.
The crop of 1905, though practically
unaffected by the weevil, was only
51.1, 7:*.S bales, whic h is less than half
the production of 1901. Owing to loss
of labor and fear of the boll weevil,
about SO per cent, less than normal
acreage was planted to cotton In 1909
and when practically no cotton was
made up to July I, such was the alarm
that a large area of cotton was plow
ed up and planted with other crops.
The amount plowed up or abandoned
Is estimated by good judges at 10 per
cent. Hut allow thai Is was 20 por
cent., deducting from the probable
crop in such a season, to wit. .Ml.ToS
bales, the SO per cent, not planted and
:;o per cent plowed up or abandoned,
and the crop of Louisiana, without al
lowing anything for weevil damage,
should have been about 280.57-1 bales.
As far as can be ascertained the crop
was about 270,000 bales. This clearly
proves thai the fright Is more damag
ing than the weevil.
2. This item emphasized by the
experience of 1909 Is the Importune,
of nicking up and burning Iho punc
tured squares. There never bad been
any question but picking up the
squares in the fore part of the season
would check the weevil, but it was
proved in 1909 that it was effective
after the Holt I was rally infested if
rapid cultivation was continued.
3. This item of VttlUO demonst rat -
ed by the season of 1909 is the Import
ance of having tho land well drained
ho thai crop can be worked as Boon as
the rain ceases. I'nder boll weevil
conditions tho heavy black land and
the poorly drained Holds should be de
VOtod to other crops, because inten
sive working of the crop is a neces
sity. There must be no weeds and no
grass in the crop.
4. The past season has added Its
conclusive testimony in favor of the
plan for making cotton under boll wee
vil infestation which plan, approved by
the United states department of agri
culture, is as follows:
1. The destruction of the weevil in
the fall by burning all rubbish and
material in ami about the Held which
might serve for hibernating quarters
of the weevils, ami breaking (plow
ing) the soil as deep as conditions will
2. The shallow winter cultivation of
the soil if no cover crop Is used.
Delaying tho planting Mil the soil
And tmepernture are warm enough to
make it safe.
4, The planting of early-maturing
i varieties of cotOil.
The use of fertilizers.
C>. Leaving more space; between the
rows, and on ordinary uplands having
a greater distance between plants in
the row than is usually allowed.
7. The use of the section harrow be
fore and after planting and on the
s. Intensive shallow cultivation.
!i. Agitation of the stalks by means
of brush attached to the cultivator.
In. Picking up and burning the
squares that fall under weevil con
ditions, especially during the Hist 30
or in days of infestation.
11. Controlling the growth of the
plant if excessive by deep and close
cultivation while the plant is young.
12. Selecting the seed.
13. The rotation of crops and the use
It will be noted thai the system, as
outlined, has a two-fold object: (1) To
reduce the number of weevils and (2)
jto aid early maturity. The foregoing
.methods may require, modification to
jsuit the soil and climate. Where
I there is too much food and a surplus
j'tl moisture available for cotton in
? iiy soil, common sense dictates that
these conditions should not be increas
ed by d<ep fall breakings. We there
fore advise the following plan under
boll weevil conditions on such lands:
Burn all the cotton stalks, and after
the weevils have gone into winter
quarters burn all the rubbish in and
about the Held is early in the fall as
possible. In the spring, bed on the
firm ground, giving more space be
tween the rows. Prepare a good seed
bed before planting and maintain ridge
cultivation through the season. The
foregoing Is espec ially for lands where,
under weevil conditions, there Is an
excess of plant growth.
.">. The lands must be well drained
and on larger area planted than can
be Intensively worked.
6. All the supplies of food and forage
must be raised at home and can be on
the lands not planted to COt'.OU.
7. It is practically safe to make ad
vances in boll weevil territory If Hie
fanner follows government Instruc
8. There should be a rigid system of
inspection to see that the gOVOrnmont
plan is followed.
The great drouth and the Intens?
heat In July and August last year
throughout Texas and Oklahoma ac
centuated the importance of deeper
tillage and i ore thorough preparation
of the soil.
I ask every agent of the farmers'
cooperative demonstration work und
every farmer in the Southern states
to do his best to make a banner crop
of all farm staples in 1910.
s. A. Knapp,
Special Agent in Charge.
STATE FAIK PREMIUM LIST.
Mr. .1. I). W. Watts Attends Meeting of
Committee in Columbia.
Mr. John 1). W. Watts, general sup
erintendent of the State Fair associa
tion and chairman of the premium
list committee, intended a meeting of
his committee In Columbia last week
for the purpose of preparing the list
for the next annual event. Mr. Watts
states that a most attractive premium
schedule has been decided on and that
he expects to see evrythlng better and
bigger for the fall fair.
SOME HEAL ESTATE DEALS.
Col. Darlington ami .Mr. Wharton Buj
: Dining the past week some Import
! ant real estate! deals have been made
, in I.aureus, outside of the big auc
tion of the North Laurens building
lots. For $7,000 Col. T. I). Darling
ton bought the home and farm of
Mr. .lames W. Henderson, located out
on South Harper street, and for $2,100
Mr. W. ('. Wharton of Waterloo pur
chased a three acre lot. opposite Far
ley avenue, from Mr. T. I >. Lake Both
properties are desirably located, and
I is understood that Mr. Wharton in
, tends building and moving to the city,
probably this year.
RED IRON RACKET BUYERS
are bacK from=? ?
.... The Northern Markets....
K C. D. ENTREKIN, ">r Spartanburg.
L. E. BURNS, for Laurens and Anderson.
? J. C. BURNS, for Greenwood.
Where they were successful in buying several car
loads of Spring and Summer Goods for their four
Big Department Stores. This firm is well known
in Laurens, Greenwood, Spartanburg, Anderson
and all adjoining counties for their under buying
and under selling?all the time buying More Goods
for Same Money and selling Same Goods for
Less Money. They have Six Special Bargain
Days Each Week at the
Red Iron Racket Stores,
It will pay you to look through these
Big Department Stores
Laurens, Greenwood, Spartanburg, Anderson, S. C
Friday, March 18th.
We extend a special invitation to all our customers and friends to this Qrand Exposition of Ladies', Misses
and Children's Hats. We have spared no pains or expense to make our Millinery Department
one of the best in the city. You will get that new Hat from SWITZER'S this time.
Miss Thornhill will have charge of the Trimming Department.
Just opened up $100 worth of Baby Caps,
the largest assortment ever shown in Laurens J
and the best values ever given. Price 15c to $4.
Read-to-wear Hats now ready for you in all ?
the New Braid, Color and Shapes. Prices most J
Everything new in Veiling in all colors. The
best Mesh and "Dots. Per yard LOcts to $1.00
A Great Silk Sale
Fine Cashmere Silk, all shades, 27-inches
wide, one of the newest and best silks on the
market, will not split, per yard, only 50c
Cheney's Foulard, Spot Proof
Silk 24-inches wide, one of the best makes
in Foulard because it won't spot or split. This j
is real goods, no imitation. For this sale only 75c
Suizene, 27 inches, all shades, 35 cents kind
per yard, only 25
Our No. 750 Shirt Hadras
The regular 12 l-2c kind, only, the yard, 10c
Women all over the City and County are realizing
more and more that quality is what counts, because qual
ity means Style and wear, and they are patronizing the
dealer who can give them goods that are really economical
in the end. Our Slippers has the shape and style and
heels that the Women want.
I nnsdale Cambric
The best made, special, a yard 14c
Fine 36-inch Cambric, our 12 l-2c quality, 10c
Be sure to Visit Our Store
FRIDAY, MARCH 18th
Beautiful style and quality, will make a
swell dress, light and cool, can be worn at any
time, all colors, 27-inch, per yard,. 35c
Fine all pure Silk, new shades, only. 50c
I A beautiful quality of 36-inch Linen, makes
beautiful suits or shirtwaists, only yd 25c
45-inch all pure Lien, only. 50c
90-inch Linen Sheeting, only. 75c
90-inch Linen Sheeting, only. 98c
36 inches wide our 12'<c kind, at. 10c
White Goods Department
J Lingerie, Flaxon, Batist, Mull, Persians?all at
36 inch Percale, at, a yard. 10c
They are a splendid lot even at 15c cotton.
27-inch Pocahontas Linens
All the new shades for Coat Suits; special for
;; this week, only 10c
Red Seal Ginghams
; Best Ginghams on earth for 12 l-2c, only 10c |
; American Prints
I: In light shirting styles, they are worth 7c yard,
?? special per yard, only 5c