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BW TBE CLINCBFIELD RAILROAD I
CROSSES FOUR MOUNTAIN RANGES
Dr. H. K. Alken of this city who re
cently made the trip over the Clinch
field railroad with the South Can linn
Chambers of Commerce excursion
party, prepared the following story
which npeured In Sunday's Columbia
The. globe on which we now live
w-as once a red-hot ball of molten
material. It has cooled off consid
erably, but the cooling process is not
yet completed for down towards its
centre our planet is still hot beyond
conception. The increasing tempera
ture of deep mines, the geysers and
volcanoes and the records writ in
the rocks tell us this. However, ;is
a result of the gradual cooling of its
outer crust contraction took place
and the portions that sank became
the bottows of the seas and lakes of
our age while the protruding portions
are the hills and mountains of today.
Two of these primary ridges have
been named by geographers the Blue
Ridge and the Cumberland mountains
of the Appalachian (system or group
of mountains. They extend from
notheast to southwest und as ;i con.
sequence the general trend of the
streams in this section of the world
Is through the valleys lying between
the ridges. Heretofore all railroad
construction lias followed the line of
lest obstruction and paralleled the
direction, or course, of these moun
tains. To shorten the distance for
tratlic between the costal plains of
the Southwest and the Irnnsmontanc
Ohio river \alley was a dream ol
many statesmen. Calhoun had the
vision; so had Ilayne, bill his hopes
lie burled in nn Incomplete rock tun
nel above Walhalla.
It remained for the organizers and
engineers of the Clinch Held route to
successfully complete the mighty task
of crossing four ranges of mountain*
in their widest, part, going over and
through them at right angles :111 ? I
thus build an enduring highway for
commerce, of uniformly low grade,
2-10 miles in length, completed nl
present from Dante. Va., to Spartan
burg. This result was brought
about by a combination of engineer
lug talent, stupendous monetary out
lay and faith in the future, lint given
those requisites there yet rnmaluei!
tin1 need of another and (hat was the
need of a Moses to guide the Wil> l<
the promised land. Ceo. I.. Carl
of Tennessee essayed the role and
right well has he filled it. The prime
requisite In an Industrial leader of
today is initiative Carter lias ll to
spare. Next to it c<.s ability to
wisely choose your lieutenants und
to know M. .1. Caplcs, general man
ager; .1. .1. Campion, Ira Ilk: man
It. K. Ul'OWer, industrial agent, and
Theo. Dehon, Jr., division passenger
agent, of the present Carolina,
Cllnchfleld & Ohio organization is lo
he aware that he has (his gill also.
Keeping his eye on both goals lie
led bis surveyors over the trail that
Daniel Boone and Sevier blazed when
they camo to help our own Williams
annihilate Ferguson and the British
:it King's Mountain. Where the Ten
nessee pathfinder crossed the Toe
river Is now "Hoonsford" station on
a modern and model railroad. The
Daughters of the Revolution have
also marked the trail with artistic
monuments to he seen at intervals
from your Pullman win-low. \ lei
Boone's day travel over the trail was
very light and the way became over
grown and closed until the Carolina,
Cllnchfleld & Ohio people reopened it.
This they have done in a way that
would warrant the assumption of
well their belief in the adage "what's
Worth doing at all is worth doing
Through River ("Jorges.
As the construction of this road
proceeded from north towards the
south, most of the descriptive litern
lure so far put out supposes that the
traveler is making his way in the
same direction, hut as most of US
would approach this modern marvel
from Its southern end. we will |r. this
account travel up from tii" compar
ative lowlands of South Carolin;- go
over the summit of the Blue Ridge
at Alta Pass, X. C, journey down the
hanks of the Toe river of that State;
through the gorge of the Nollchucky
(as the same stream is called after
crossing the state Iii.f Tennessee)1
on down to Johnson City in the valley
of East Tennessee, then down the
Holstoi) river valley past Kingstport.
tunnel Clinch mountain to gel into
the valley of Clinch river ami up the
valley of Lick Creek to Dante, Va.,
hid among tho coves of the Cum
From Spartanburg, whoso altitude
is 75S above sea level, up to Hostie.
X. C, the landscape is too familiar
to hold attention and one is Impressed
with the excellent character of the
rock-ballasted road-bod, the absence
of tho clang and clatter of losoly
jollied, light rail, the wide sloped
outs and the increasing height of the
stone faced lills as you cross the
Pacolei and Hroad rivers. There is
u feel of permanence beneath you
on 100-pound rails like the sensation
imparted when walking over a heavy
velvet carpet on the lloor of a well
The altitude of Ho. tie is 020 foot,
and you are leaving tho cotton bolt
behind. Here the Cllnehfleld crosses
the Seaboard Air Line running from
Charlotte to Hutborfordton. The C.
c. & o. uses the telephone in trans
mitting train orders. Hvery baggage
ear and freight cab 01) the line is
equipped with a trolley pole device
for instant connection with (ho wires
so that if a train of any class is de
tained between telephone stations a
report of conditions can at once be
sent in to headquarters. Leaving
Hostie, the valley of the second
Hroad river is ascended, the first tun
nel is passed and you are at Marion.
\. ('.. altitude 1,320 feet. Hero, at
the foot of the southern slope of tho
I Hluo Ridge mountains, the Southern's
lino from Salisbury to Ashovillo is
crossed. The stations of tho two sys
tems are about two miles apart and
transfers are made by hack. Marion is
't county sea: in the Catawba valley.
Aii11 a cotton and two hosiery mills,
furniture factories and the largest
population to he found between Spar
tanburg and Johnson City.
An Has) (trade.
The Throo-C's road id' some years
ago had Johnson City as its destina
tion but was never carried beyond
Marion for at this point the problem
of scaling a vertical helghl of 1,300 ft. j
looms large before tho would-be-rall
road builder. What ii meaiis'lo do (his
'>n a grade that is practicable is difll
-till to convey to the average mind. To
come ami sec "(he lay of the land" is
about the only way most of us could
be made to comprehend Ibo illlllcull
character of Hie undertaking. Tin*
diagram j rude map mid the Hat draw
ing of the surface windings, p'.int? J
herewith, will assist somewhat. The
'title bos like tilings climbing the hill
represent Iho tunnels. Disregarding
whatever was In the way whether (his
was a mountain or a chasm, the C, C.
& O. climbed to the lop at a uniform
grade of C3 feel to the mile. The
work is some of Ihe best construction
to 1)0 soon east of the Mississippi
river reminding one of the Moffatl
road out of Denver or the "Short
Lino" up tho Cripple Creek, Colo. The
loops, passes or zigzags are taken lo i
avoid (he lesser peaks (hill buttress
the main ridges of Ihe mountains.
Where lliei'0 wns.no way around
these Iben a tunnel was called for.
Most of ti e I- are through the hardest
kind of granite. At one point on the
way down, you stand on the rear plat
form ami look back through (hroo
tunnels at the same time. At an
other point on the way up. the train
emerges from one tUDUOll, liuikes a
loop on an embankment over Inn feet
high and goes hack through the
same bulle by another lunnel a few
feel higher up.
In the stock shaped loop shown on
the map. to gain loo feet ver
tically, there nre six miles of track
having nine tunnels in this distance.
Tlrod ill last of doubling, Iho Oordlan
knot is cm and the summit of (he
111 110 Ridge is pierced by a Straight
tUllhel one third of a mile long and
perhaps IfiO below Ihe crest of the
ridge. ,\t the northerly end of It
Is Alia Hash. no miles from Spar
tanburg and 2, (521* feet above the,
level of the .a. Hefore starting down
from Ibis point, let's stand for a mo
ment. Here is one of the finest views
(O lie had in all this region. To your
rigid Is Mount Mitchell, the tallest
peak tl?lo side of the Rockies, (hen
Cllgman'S dome and a little more (o
the left the massive, square outlines
of Table Kock. On your left hand
Linville mountain faces yon while In
front of ami below is spread out tho
Cntawbn valley as a Cyslornmn paint
ed by the Father and Preceptor of all
art-nature. To linger over a scene
like this is to forget the transient,
trivial things o'er which we groan
and sweat and to realize in some de
gree that this world is a beautiful
garden made for man to wander in.
If we lind it otherwise, the fault lies
in the creature and not with its
The Cllnchfleld has an open ob
servation car from which an unob
structed view can he had. preferably
on the return trip. doing up, the
cinders from the engine are best
guarded against by carrying with yon
a pair of automobile goggles.
Winds With River.
Starting down the northern face of
tltcBlue Ridge at Alia Pass, the route
soon strikes the right hank of the
Toe liver and winds and curves with
it for 17 miles. The grade in this dis
lance, following the bed of a stream,
is much less. 28 feet to the mile. All
of this distance is virgin forest,
mountain and Cove, with a cabin or a
small sawmill to he seen now and
then. Communication with the rest of
the world was Infrequent and diffi
cult before the coming of this road
Stations have been located and named,
so far. He fore the State line of Ten
nessee is reached the Toe has gath
ered volume and becomes a river of
some size, passing out through nnr
rows, eight miles in length, whose
walls, green and well-wooded, rise
I..200 feet. At the mouth of this
gorge and accessible from tho valley
of east Tennessee is a summer resort,
I'naka Springs, where the road (-loss
es the river. It is a little higher than
Johnson City. The scenery all along
here is fine. At hlrwln, Tonn., 10
miles this side of Johnson City, are
located the Carolina. Cllnchfleld &
Ohio shops, plans arc forming to de
velop a large water power on the Nol
ichucky river, near by and this point
will likely become of Importance In
the near future.
Johnson City is the largest town in
Washington county. Tenn., and is wi ll
situated in a broad and fertile val
ley. Population ahout 10,000, ex
clusive of same 1,500 Inmates of the
mountain branch of tlte national sol
diers' home. The late Senator Brown
low secured ibis home for Iiis native
town some two or three years ago. The
government purchased a tract of some
I"i0 acres on the outskirts of the city
and has spent two or three millions
for Buildings and equipment. These
are of the liest, as to quality am! of
liberal proportions. Thirty miles of
graded and macadam road, parks,
conservatories, a beautiful little thea
tre, hall park and other attractions
make it a valuable asset to the people
of Johnson City. The annual appro
priation for tin- maintenance of the
hoim is over $l.uon a day, and most
of tili? I? spent there The inmate- all
draw federal pensions hosldos. This'
section of Tenn088 ? lias always bcon
Republican In politics as few slaves
were owned hero before the war.
From Johnson City to Dante is s.".
miles of valley, hill or mountain,
among which will he found some
splendid fanning country, sol.f it
in blue grass with beef cattle and
sheep, orchards ami corn Heids.
Senilis uf Coal.
At Dante, the Cllnchfleld Coal cor
poration (allied with the railroad cor
poration) owns over 300,000 acres of
coal lands. The coal outcrops in seams
or drifts, varying in thickness from
four to ten feet. These layers lie in the
mountains at different heights and ex
tend throughout the area, in a solid
seam that neither gets thicker nor
thinner. Sometimes the seam of coal
is overlain by a seam of limoslono
rock and when this is the case, no
roofing is necessary to the tunnels
which the miners make in going Into
the side of the hill for the coal.
There is no shart mining hero. Tho
coal seems extending In a horizontal
plane of uniform thickness through
out so many acres, it is an oasy mat
tor to calculate the number Of tons
that any particular hill or mountain
will yield. We were told that a seam
of coal one fool thick over an acre of
land would yield 1,000 tons. The
Cllnchfleld Coni company Is at present
working three strata, at different
levels, the combined thickness of the
three being Id feet. This would yield
10,000 tons to the acre and as they
have ::iT.<io acres you can figure out
for yourself ahout how much coal Is
in sight of Dante.
To describe the process of mining
coal might bo Interesting, btit would
make nuothor story. These 'nines are
I comparatively new ami their output,
at present, is only n marker to what
this could ami will he made, Inter on.
When the home trade, Iho inland de
mand h- supplied and the mines are
dally yielding more than enough for
this, what is to be done with (lie sur
plus? Tho steamships and the battle
ships of the world will take it ami that
rondeau deliver it cheap st whose
rails run from the "tipple" at the mines
to the ?? hunkers" beside deep water.
Hogers' groat road, the Virginian, can
do this and is doing it every day.
The Chesapeake & Ohio and the Nor.
folk ?<? Western extend from these
BiimeVirginla ami West Virginia coal
holds to maritime coaling stations and
it is Certain that other systems will |
go through the wall that separates the
coal from the sea. 'i ho shortest line,
iho lowest maintenance costs, the road
whoso rails ramify the most populous,
tonnage producing territory where lo
cal trtllllC will help to care for Uxod
charges and where a return load lor
the emptied coal cars can he secured,
this is the road that will come off \ io
lor in a battle of giants, whose out
posts are oven now manoeuvring for
.1. HOSS D0RU01I Vl'POINTi:?,
N'aiuer hj the Governor as Successor
to His l ather.
on the recommendation of the leg
islative delegation, as noted in The
Advertiser last wonk, Governor M. I'.
Ansel has appointed Mr. .1. Hosh Dor
ro'i of Cray Court as auditor lor I.an
lens county to till out (he iinexplrod
term of his father, (he late Mr. Wil
liam T. Dot roh.
Heads Walling List.
The subjoined letter explains itself.
Mr. Phil Huff, to whom the letter Is
addressed, is the son of Mr. ami Mrs.
Augustus Hull' of (his City ami Is an
exceedingly bright young man. li
will he recalled that he completed two
scholarship examinations in one day
last summer and secured both appoint
ments as tho rosult. As he had not
completed the graded school course
he did not accept either. Nor will lie
accept the scholarship at the I'nlversl
ty of South Carolina as he has anting
od to allem! Wofford. Of course lie
appreciates the appointment to tho
State University, hut he had ill read >
decided upon Wofford. lie Is a men)
her of (ho Laurens city schools' lain
graduating class ami is well equipped
for college work. The letter follow
Mr. I'hi I Huff.
Liiurcus, s. c.
A vacancy has occurred in the Nor
mal scholarship, As yqur name now
stamp; at the lop ol Ihe wailing !: '.
I lake pleasure in offering yo.u (lie |ip
poinlment from the State at large
These "at large" appointments are for
a single year. Inn sometimes we are
aide io reappoinl good im n.
Please let me lillOW III oin'(? WllCtilOl
you accept or not,
See. of School i 'inn,
Sept. I I, HMO.
TllO Milte l'nir.
Tho lOdgeflold Chronicle in :i lending
editoi'lnl say.-; "The lime for Iho Fairs
is approaching. These fairs ought to
In- educational in their nature. Of
course many go for pleasure alone,
and it is well to have this feature to
our fairs, l>ut every person who at
londs iiuhlhes more or less valuable
Information from such a visit.
Make your arrangements to attend
fairs, both county ami Statt1. You
will be the gainer by doing so. Those
who have exhibits tit the KdgOflOld
county fair, will nodoilbt, In many
cases, wish to lake the same exhibit
to I he Stale Fair. This can easily be
? loin- for the county fair just precedes
the State Knir by a few days."
What the Kdgcllold Chronicle says
applies to all the fails to he given
during Hie year. None need conflict
and the people can attend all fairs
and come to the State Fair. The State
Fair will he held in Columbia, October
III, November I. ". and I.
It i.. never loo early to make ar
rangements to attend the State Fair
as the attendance promises to be larg
er than ever.
Philosoph) of Defeat.
I have lain in tho dual with tho van
Whon iny banner went down in des
And l thought In my woe that l never
Tho day of buoouhh, oh, how fair!
And yot, when Iho ^.1111 mi tin- morrow
Bhouo forth with its comforting
Witli a new kindled /eal and a heart
brtlVO and leal
I went forth again to the light!
The world cannot judge me by motive.
Nor Iovo me if thus I have failed;
Hut behold! there's an lOyo that can
see bow 1 try,
Ami knows that 1 never quailed!
And I think of that glorious heaven,
Ami of Mini who sits on its throne.
Who will chide not at all If WO rise or
j we fall.
So long as right purpose Is shown!
Not for aye shall I pine in Ihe shallow,
Nor sulk in the gloom id' defeat;
For the promise is sure to the hearts
that endure ?
All Ihe more is the victory sweet!
Douglas Dobbins, in IMtlsblirg Qtl
The condition of my health makes it necessary for me
t<> leave the state- in quest of a more suitable climate.
Therefore, 1 wish to sell immediately the property here
One two-story i2 room dwelling;, corner of Hampton
and Laurel streets, electric lights, sewerage and bath.
One one-story 8 room dwelling on Laurel street, elec
tric lights, sewerage and bath.
Moth <>i" these residences are on very desirable lots,
close in, and convenient, and in the best neighborhood of
Three brick store rooms, with story above, now occu
pied by the Harber Shop, Mahafiey & Ilahh and one being
remodeled. This is quite likely lite onh propcrt) on the
square that can be had at any price, so grasp this oppor
tunity. Will sell as a whole or separately.
One-half interest in Knterprise bank building. It is
not necessary to describe this modern properly. Ask the
price il yon mean business. Now occupied by Switzet Co.
One one-horse farm of 28 acres, jnsl one-eighth of
mile out side of city limits, very desirable,
I can make satisfactory terms on an\ of above des
e.ribed properly. Send in your bids at once as I mean
\ Laurens, S. C.
< ?I' |< SI K ?1.S arc just a little
rliffcrctil from those found el.se
tt here. You . re n<?t following
im crowd when you wear our
Shoes as ihcy lutve ;i character
.nitl si) It of their own. YVc give
\<?u collect style nitd lit. Wc
have different shoes foi different
feel. < 'in Si iocs <i<? not cave in
at the Iocs, nor run down ;it the
\ es, WC will pi'oU ct you as
to si vie, utialily and lit.
? Next door to Enterprise Bank. Laurens, S. C.