Newspaper Page Text
WMTINU FOB NE WSPAFEH.
Tell Story in First Paragraph and
Withhold Personal Opinion.
Probably no! one roador in a bun.
dred has paused to notice that a news
paper article Is written on a plan just
tbo reverse of that of a sermon or ora
tion. Comparatively few ministers
havo analyzed the subject sufficiently
to notice tliis fact, and their Ignor
ance of it. will often account for the
reluctance of newspapers to accept
mutter contributed by them. it is
worth the while of every man and
?woman to know the general plan on
.?which newspaper articles are written,
for almost everybody desires at times
to announce something through the
press. The mere knowledge of the
theory will not make a successful
writer in this or any tuber depart
ment, but it is the first step.
The skillful preacher or orator us
ually reserves bis most important
points until toward the end of his dis
course, closing with a climax. The
skillful newspaper reporter puts his
climax into his first sentence and ends
?with the most non-essential detail.
While the novelist secures bis drama
tic effect by keeping the secret of his
story as long as possible, the reporter
attains success by revealing his secret
as quickly as words will let him. Hotb
are working on principles as clearly
defined as that on which a sonnet is
Constructed, but the modern news
paper article is of so much more re
cent date that few critics have analyz
ed It and even many of the host news
paper writers work dally upon the
foregoing principle without knowing
it. No man can work many days under
a metropolitan city editor without
leaning it. Ii be does not be is given j
a chance to learn some other business j
The reasons'for this method of con
struction are plain. The object of a
newspaper "story" is to toll the news
for its own sake. Tin? majority of
readers do not have time to read the
.whole of an article. What they want .
is a compact statt nu nt of the essen- ;
tlal facts of ; n Incident or a crime or
a nubile meeting. The best newspaper!
m/V-;> cue that give them the pith
dMno whole matter in the first para
graph, following this with the more
Important details and closing with
the lenst important. The reader then
glances down the column far enough ,
to get the vital facts and does not j
waste time on the rest, lie can get a I
fall knowledge of the whole world s
news for the day by merely reading
the headlines and opening paragraphs
of the paper, while perhaps but one i
article is interesting enough to read j
There Is also another Important
cause which has contributed to this j
method of presenting the news with
the cream always on top. As startling
events do not >eeur in this world with
any regularity, though the papei must
alwnys be issued at the same hour. It
naturally follows that there is an
over, varying pressure on the coUimns. I
The reporters begin work on a morn
ing paper at i o'clock on the preced
ing day. At the time whon they d<>
th?ir "afternoon assignment" there
may be space in abundance, and their
articles may be written in consider
able detail. Late in the evening there
may be a great tire or some Important
victory on the battlefield that win
suddenly demand a dozen or a score
of columns, it becotr.es necessary to
"cut" everything of ordinary import
ance. By that time the earlier ."stor
ies" are in typo and can not be re
written. The consdenslng is done by
dropping off tho latter part of the ar
ticle, which can be done without in
juring its essential parts if It is con
structed on the proper plan. Every
large newspaper nightly 'kills'' many
columns of matter in this way. either
before it is in type or afterward. If
the vital news were scattered through :
the article there would he no alterna
tive but to leave it all out.
Here is where the would-be Corres-,
pondtnt so often meets his Waterloo.
The young and ambitious editor of n|
rauntry weekly gets a commission to I
represent h1? town as telegraphic cor-!
respondent of a large city daily. Per
haps there Is a bad lire in the village
und several lives are lost. He tele,
graphs a graphic account of it in de
tail, telling it in such a way that one
must read 1,00 words to discover bow
many persons were killed or injured
and What is the total value of the
property destroyed. The "story",
reaches the telegraph editor at a time
when be is working under high pi es- i
sure to cut down all news "to the
?narrow" in order to make room for
some event of world-wide import. The <
eountry correspondent's matter Is use- (
less unless printed entire or rewrit- (
tea. Thore is neither the spftce for the j
eae nor the time for the other. Tho re- j
?Hit is that the article goes Into the
waste basket and the aspiring cor
respondent receives notice that his
services are no longer desired.
Nearly every reportor learns ?bis
leason by hard experience and much
waf ted labor. Every eflltor has had
his patience tried to the boiling point
my contributions that might be used
If they did not vlolato the first com
?sandment of tho newspaper dialogue
?tell the news In tho first sentence
I should not like to compute how
many columns I wrote for the waste
basket before I discovered this simple
rule of journalism, or how many I
have; blue penciled or rewritten for
oilier beginners since i have attain
ed to the dignity of "desk work." 1?
the hard drill on such points that must
precede all BUCCOSS ill newspaper woi'K
there would be a less general Impres
sion that any man who has failed In
Other lines can he an editor Impromp
Briofly stated, the chief rules for an
ordinary news article are those:
Tell the whole story In your first sen
tence, or at least in your (irst para
graph, and the briefer the paragraph
tho better. Be sure to give In your
opening lines the time, place and chief
actors concerned, along with the scope
und nature of the event chronicled.
Avoid exclamations, fine writing,
flaming adjectives or editorial com
ment. If it Is a piece of news in
which timeliness Is an Important ele
ment, get It to your paper as quickly
as your lucky stars will let you. Tell
your story In tho fewest words possi
ble without omitting essential details.
If you can not shake off tho hallucina
tion that an introduction is needed,
put it at the end, where the editor can
out it olY.
There are a hundred other details,
such as writing on but one side of
the paper, leaving margins on the
sheets, never rolling the copy, writing
plainly, putting the name and address
at the top ot the manuscript, and the
like, which are generally known. Hut
without th.e knowledge that a news
art Ich? is not written like an oration,
all these are comparatively useless.
Tho tendency to prcicti, which news*
paper men call "editorializing." niso
causes many an othorwlse notvs item
from the outside contributors to go
upon the floor. I: would be a.:;
an advantage to tho pre: s as to the
el >rgy and the laymen if the chief
rub s for writing a newspaper article
were more accurately rnd widely un
derstood.?'Christian A<!\ ocatc.
A sprained ankle will usually disa
ble the Injured person tor three or
four weeks. This is due to lack of
proper treatment. When Chamber
lain's Liniment is applied a cure may
be effected in three or four days. This
liniment is one of the best and most
remarkable preparations in use. Sold
by Laurens Drug Co.
VIS REMOVED FROM LUNG.
Delicate Operation Performed on John
W. Simpson nt University
Baltimore, Md.. Dec. 8.?lohn W.
Simpson, a merchant of Jefferson,
S. C., underwent a successful opera
tion for the removal of n scarf pin
from his left lung In the Cnlversity
hospital here today. The operation
was one of a most delicate nature and
had the pin not been removed it un
doubtedly would have caused death.
The pin was taken from Mr. Simp
son's body by means of bronchoscope
and the interior or trie bronchial
tubes and upper portions of the lungs
were illuminated by a miniature
electric light. The operation was
performed by Dr. lt. H. Johnston of
the hospital staff. No incision was
necessary. Mr, Simpson swallowe d the
scarf pin last Sunday while playing
with Iiis young son. Dr. P. M. Win
chester of Charlotte, \\ c . was sum
moned and the physician lost no time
in bringing his patient to Baltimore.
The greatest danger from Influenza
is of Its resulting In pneumonia. This
can be obviated by using Chamber
lain's Cough Remedy, i t not only
cures Influenza, but coi nteracts any
tendency of the disease towards pneu
monia. Sold by Laurens Drug Co.
SPARTANB?RO MAN SUGGESTED.
Court <?f Commerce Judgeshlp Being
Sought by C. I*. Sunders.
Washington, Dec'. 9.?Senator Smith
and Representatives Pinley, Johnson
and Alken called on the president and
urged the nomination of C. P, Sanders
of Spartanburg for the court of com
merce, A large delegation from New
VorK also called to urge me claims
of a New York man. Henry W. Hill of
Ituffnlo. for this position.
The president doesn't seem to have
given any satisfaction to anyone. The
South Carolinians especially Stressed
the fact that a Southern man is on
tltled to this appointment.
?OV. Ansel's petition will be placed
before the president also when it Is
i.Ived here. It so happens that most
of the South Carolina delegation were
committed to the candidacy of Mr.
Sanders before Gov. Ansel was men
tioned. The State.
Wants to Help Come One
For thirty years .1. F. Boyer. of Fer
tile, Mo., needed help and couldn't
find It. That's why he wants to help
some one now. Suffering so long hlm
: self he feels for all distress from
j backache, nervousness, loss of appe
I tlte, lassitude and kidney disorders.
He shows that Electric Bitters work
wonders for such troubles. "Fire bot
tles." ho writes, "wholly cured me and
now I am well and hearty." It's also
positively guaranteed for Liver Trou
bles. Dyspepsia, Blood Disorders, Fe.
male Complaints and Malaria. Try
them. TiOc. at Laurens Drug Co. and
Palmetto Drug Co.
OX HKTIUKI) LIST.
AJL Boyd to bo Placed on Retired List
with Rank of Major General?
After more than 20 years' service
in the militia Of t!ic State J. C. Boyd,
the adjutant general, will be placed
upon the retired list of the National
Guard of South Carolina with the
rank of major general. This order
has been Issued by Oov. Ansel,
the commander-in-chief of the Nation
al Guard. The order will take effect
upon the date of the expiration of .1.
C. Lloyd's term in the office of adjutant
general. The appointment was made
in compliance with provisions of sec
tion '??'!. military code of South Caro
Paved From Awful Death,
How an appalling calamity in his
family was prevented Is told by a, 1).
McDonald, of Fayottevllle, N. C It. F.
I?. No. s, "My sister had consumption."
he writes, "she was very thin and pale
had no appetite and seemed to grow
weaker every day, as all remedies fail
ed, till Dr. King's New Discovery was
tried, and so completely cured her.
that she has not been troubled with
a cough since. Its me best medicine
I ever saw or heard of." For coughs,
colds, lagrlppe, asthma, croup, hem
orrhage, all bronlchlal troubles. It has
no equal. 50c. $1.00. Trial bottle free.
Guaranteed by Laurens Drug Co. and
I'almetto Drug Co.
Buckien's Arnica Salve
The Dest Salve In The World.
The Books of the County Treasurer
will he opened lor the collection of
Stale, County and Cummutation Boad
laxes for fiscal year, 1010, at the
Treasurer's Olllce from October 15th,
to December Bist., 1010. After De
cember 31st., one per cent, will be
added. After January 31st. two per
cent, will be added, and after Feb
ruary 28th., seven per cent, will be
added till the 15th of March. 1911,
when the books will ne closed.
All persons owning property in
more than one Township are request
ed to call for receipts in each of the
several Townships in Which the prop
erty is located. This is important, ns
additional cost and penalty may be
All able bodied male citizens be.
twoen the ages of 21 and GO years of
age are liable to pay a poll tax of
$1.00 except old soldiers, who are ex
empt at 50 years or age. Commuta
tion Road Tax $1.00, in lieu of rond
duty. Road Tax to be paid by the 1st
day of March, 1911. Other taxes to
be paid at the time ns stated above.
The tax levy id as follows:
For State purposes.5% mills
For Constitutional School Tax 3 mills
For Ordinary County purposes 3 mills
For Interest on Railroad Bonds 1 mill
For Roads and Bridge Bonds 3 mills
For Court House Bonds .. ..1 mill
Special Schools?L^urens Township.
Laurens No. 11.6 mills
Trinity Ridge No. 1.4 mills
Maddens No. 2.2 mills
Nnrnie No. 3.2 mills
Baileys No. 4.2 mills
Mills No. 5.2 mills
Oak Grove No. ?.2 mills
Special Schools?Youngs Townohip.
Youngs No. 2.3 mills
No. 4.3 mills
No. 5.3 mills
Fountain Inn No. 3B.10 mills
Lanford No. 10.2\<. mills
Ora No. 12.2 mills
Special Schools - Dials Township
Green Pond No. l.3 mills
Dials No. 2.3 mills
Shiloh No. 3.2 mills
Gray Court-Owings No. 6 .. . '2 mills
Bnrksdnle No. 6.2 mills
Dials Church No. 7.2 mills
Special Schools -Sullivan Township.
Princeton No. l.3 mills
Poplar Springs No. .'? .. ..2 mills
No. 4.4 mills
No. f>.4 mills
Tumbling Shoals No. o .. . .2',i mills
Brewerton No. 7.3 mills
Sullivan Township R R Bonds 4 mills
Special Schools?Waterloo Township.
Waterloo No. 14.3 mills
Mt. Gallagher No. 1.3 mills
Bethlehem No. 2.2 mills
Ekom No. 3.2 mills
No. 4.2 mlllR
No. 6.'6 mills
Mt. Pleasant No. C.2 mills
Mt. Ollvo No. 7.4 mills
Specinl Schools?Cross Hill Township]
Cross Hill No. 13.6 mills i
Cross Hill No. 1.2 mills
Cross Hill No. 2.2 mills
Cross Hill No. 4.2 mills
Cross Hill No. 5.2 mills
Cross Hill No. C.2 mills
Special Schools?Hunter Township
Mountvllle No. 16.4 ?4 mills
Hunter No. 2.2 mills
Hunter No. 3.2 mills
Clinton No. r,.3 mills
Hunter No. 8.3 mills
Special Schools?Jacks Township
Jacks No. 15.3 mills
Special Schools, Souflletown Township
Scuffletown No. 1.2 mllln
Lanford No. 10.214 mills
Ora No. 12.2 mills
Prompt attention will be given those
who wish to pay their Taxes through
the mail by check, money order, etc.
Persons sending In Hits of names to
be taken off are requested to send
them early; and give the Township of
each, an the Troasurer is very busy
during the month of December.
J. I). MOCK.
Oct. 7th., 1910?tf.
And we are unable to prevent it.
After Dec. 15th Coal will be worth
$6.50 per ton.
Did you know that within less time than three months coal advanced $60
per car and will continue to advance until about February 1st.
We could not sell you coal at $G.50 per ton if we had not bought ahead.
This is the best grade of lump coal and we handle it all with forks, therefore
you get all clean lump coal free of dirt and slick.
j Residence Phone 27G
BIG LAND SALE!
I Offer You the Following::
I nine-room house, finished through- 47 acres land, hounded by lands of 50 acres land near GreenPond
out, 4 acres of land, in the town of Friendship church, Joe Wasson, J. A. church, bounded by the Yeargin es
Cross Hill. Price $1,000.
60% acres of land, known as the
Smith Place, near Friendship church,
1-3 acres of land, with six-room
dwelling in town of Clinton, on Adair
street. Price $2,300.00.
Price $30 00 per t?te and others, nice C-room cottage
and out buildings. Price $35.00 per
8 room dwelling, on Centennial St.,
Clinton, S. C, with SI hundredths of 50 acres land bounded by lands of
an .acre of laud, known as the Grilllu Walter Nash, and Rufus Gray, dwell
place. $4,000. ing and out-buildings. Price $20.00
150 acres land, one-half mile of Dial
2 lots Watts cotton mills. Camp ?hurck.^..^Ir!:1!!"!..!1!!:!!!!!^3 ? ""^ ?'
street fronting, 150 by "0 ft., price
Price $50 per acre.
100 acres of land one half mile from .
Lanford Station; eight-room cottage,
good out buildings, in high state of
cultivation. Come quick if you want
this property, bounded by W. H. Drum
mond, .1. M. DeShields and others.
Price -$00.00 per acre.
219 acres of land bounded on north
by Mrs. Milton Robertson, on south by
J. M. Phil pot, east by Mrs. Martin and
on west by 11. F. Terry and others.
Price $10.00 per acre.
One nine-room now dwelling, fin
ished throughout, 4 acres of land, sit
uated in town of Crlss Hill, price
$4,0(>r.0'i .terms made right.
25 acres land. 5-room dwelling, barn
and out buildings. Adjoining land of
George Wilson. Price $775.00.
3 acres land, four-room cottage at
Watts mill, price $1,300.
94 ncres land, ono buiblii.g. bound
ed by lands of Mrs. Hoyd, S. O. Leako
and others. Prices and terms mado
im acres lfr"! bo'.!ndn,i b" tond? of
Ludy Mills. Ii. E. Hums and V. A.
Mills. Prlco $30 per acre.
One 8-room dwelling in city of Lnu
rens. No. 330 Hampton street. Price
tenant houses and good out-buildings. of ?",n Ad Moore. Will Hudgens and
Come epiick if you want this place, others, cottage house. 40 acres under
cultivation. Price $1,700.00.
Five room cottage on Garllngton an(, out.bulldings, 4.room tenant
street, city of Laurens. Price only nous(1( bounded by lands of Jno. Tay
$1,500.00 lori Mrs. Abercromble, and .Jno. Curry.
01 aces land bounded by lands of Price $G0.00 per acre.
Robert Nash and others. Prlco $20.00 ^ MfM of ^ ^
59 acres, town of Lanford, dwelling
and out-buildings, nicely located over
looking town of Enoree. Price $2,
71 acres on Reedy River, bounded
by lands of James Downey, Will Cald
well and others. With tenant house.
Price $20 per acre. Terms made easy.
121 acres land, hounded by lands of
J. N. Leak. Capt. Martin and others;
('.-room cottage, one tenant housu.
Price $30.00 per acre.
I twelve room dwelling with water
works fronting North Harper street,
known as Owings' boarding house.
Price and terms mado right.
200 acres fine farm land, 2 1-2 mites
of Laurens, on road leading to CHii
ton, - mile of Parks station, Heven
horse farm In cultivation. Good dwell
ing and tenant houses. Price and
terms made right.
50 acres land, well located in town
of Lanford, 0-room dwelling, 1 tenant,
house, out-buildlngs. Prlco $3,500.00.
127 acres land, hounded by lands ot
S. H. and M. E. Johnson, ono mile of
Friendship church. Sullivan township;
74Vt acres of land near Green Pond Two dwellings, good barn and out
church, 8-room cottage, with line bain buildings. Price $30.00 per acre.
J. N. LEAK
The "Land Man"
500 acres, 5 mllOB from city of T.a?
rens, bounded by lands of A. IlafT.
John Drown & Lalley land. 8 harao
farm In cultivation, well supplied with
tenant houses. Price right and terms
lnnds of Dryson place. Hee Ralley, eaBy
228 acres land, bounded by lands of
313 acres land, 1% miles below J. Hamp Holland and thers; 5-room
D. M. Shaw's place, good dwelling and dwelling, 2 tenant houses; good barn Daniel South. Davis""land". MIbs West
barn; 5 tenant houses, 245 acres In and outbuildings; known as the old and others, known as the Gullen Lark
cultivation, good school near by; 2*4 Ferguson place, owned at present by homestead. 7-room dwelling and 3 ten
miles to Waterloo, same distance to Will B. Motte. Price $2: ro per acre, ant bouses. Price mado rieht Terms
Cold Point. Price $35.00 acre. Good terms easy. ,Bry
If you do not see listed above what you need, see me and I will try and ?et
it for you. Let your wants be knovn. If you have land to sell, place it in my
hands. People*come to me for la?.?d.
J. N. LEAK RealEstate
Gray Court, S. C.