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TOO MANY COLLEGES
AND HIGH SCHOOLS
We Have Sacrificed Quality
PROF. W. H. HAND
MAKES THAT REPORT
state High School Commissioner Says
that in Our Wild Race for More
Colleges mid Schools we Have
Neglected the Work in Those Unit
we Alrcadj Hare,
Too many colleges and too many
"high schools in South Carolina, says
Prof. W. H. Hand, high school inspec
tor, in his annual report, and too little
attention given to the quality of the
work done in these institutions, ho
declares to he a serious difficulty with
educational progress in this State at
present. The language of his report
is quite plain. He says:
The Situation Analysed.
"Unfortunately for the cause of ed
ucation itself in South Cnrolina. high
er education lias received attention
almost to the neglect of secondary
education. The State, in both the
constitution and the statues, gave no
recognition to the high school as a
factor in its educational system until
February. 1907. For a century the
State, the religious sects and the
philanthropists in its borders have
devoted almost all their thought and
means to colleges rather than to high
. Iiools, although, generally speaking,
bul few more than one-tenth of tho
;\'i.gh school pupils ever go to college.
"However unpalatable and unpopu
lar the statement, it is but plain truti
to say that the State has blundered
badly in establishing four institutions
of higher learning. There is nothing
to he gained by shutting our eyes to
a truth so evident. With a small area
and With far fewer than three-fourths
Of a million white people, the State is
maintaining four colleges and four
college plants, whereas other States
Of wider area, larger population and
greater wealth have found it wise to
maintain hut one or two such Insti
tutions, These four coHeges parallel
< .ich other in more than one-half of
their work, they overlap each other's
work In nearly every department, and
at. least three of them ire vigorous
rivals for patronnge.
"In addition to the four State In
stitutions of higher learning, there
uro 15 private and denominational in.
stitutlons of recognized college grade;
six of them are for boyB and nine are
for glrlB. The work in these colleges
is. for the most part, made up of du
plications and overlapplngs of each
Other, and each institution is an
eagle-eyed rival of all the others for
patronage -so much so that the col
lege canvasser Is as ubiquitous, as
persistent and as ready to drive a
bargain for students as the proverbial
"Add to all these institutions fully
a half dozen others with the word
College, In some form, pinned to their
names, and we have a fair picture of
the situation. And sttll the multipli
cation of little colleges goes merrilj
"With respect to these 10 recog
nised colleges, including State, pri
vate and denominational, let us pass
over their lack of lecture halls, lack
of adequate laboratories, small and
ill-adapted libraries and gymnasiums,
meager endowments, general lack of
funds and consequent small underpaid
and overworked faculties, and look at
some of the inevitable results. Since
these colleges have small endow
ments, if any. the denominational in
stitutions must annually appear to
their respective conventions, confer
ences ami synods for appropriations,
and to congregations and individuals
for contributions. The one visible ful
crum upon which all ;;!' them must
place their levers in raising money
for maintenance and improvements is
numbers?numbers more abundantly.
In order to show numbers, the first
year in three-fourths of these insti
tutions is given over to high school
work?some of it of low grade.
"If what may be termed the law of
need and supply he regarded. we
must admit thai South Carolina is
more than amply supplied with strug*
gling colleges. No one questions the
service they have rendered and are
still rendering, but the point is that
the same money and effort put into
one.half the presenr number would
give superior service.
Too Many Hiirh Schools.
"When the State came to establish
and maintain secondary schools, the
people easily fell Into the mistake of
establishing a comparatively large
number of weak and inefficient high
schools with no regard to their eco
nomic distribution, instead of a few
strong schools advantageously dis
tributed over the State. We are al-j
ready wasting money and effort on
too many high schools, and the out
look bespeaks even a more prt iigal
waste. A table is given to show bow
much more economically the newer
States have distributed their money
and efforts thnn have most of the
older States, Including our own. The
table is for the white population, and
gives the area, the number ol public
high school pupils, and the number of
public high schools.
"Even Maine with 2.170 more square
miles of territory and 2.363 more pub
lic high school pupils has fewer pub
lic high schools than South Carolina.
Colorado, with more than throe times
our territory and 4.010 more public
high school pupils, has provided only
90 public high schools against our
150. Minnesota has certainly one of
the best systems of public high schools
in this country, and the system has
developed means of direct State ap
propriations. With nearly three times
as many square miles as this State
and more than three times as many
public high school pupils, that Statt
has hut 199 public high schools. On
Minnesotas basis South Carolina
should have not more than Eni public
[high schools instead of 1 -"??;. i
"It is not too much to say that we
[have now in several counties too many
so-called high schools. We have es
tablished high schools in places with
out sufficient pupils to support them,
and we are attempting to maintain two
and three schools in territory scarcely!
fable to maintain one serviceable one.
Both these mistakes are being re
peated year after year. In numbers
of Instances two-teacher high schools
have been established, and have had
to drop to a one-teacher basis in less
than two years. Several one.teacher
schools have had to drop the high
school altogether. Under another,
heading this whole matter will he'
discussed more fully."?Columbia Rec
Citation for Letters of Administration.
State of South arolina.
Count)' of 1.aureus.
By O. Q. Thompson. Probate Judge: '
Whereas, Effie M. Burns made suit
to me to grant her Letters of Admin
istration of the estate and effects of
B. C. Burns.
These are. therefore, to cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindred
and creditors of the said B. C. Burns.'
deceased, that they be and appear be-1
fore me. in the Court of Probate, to I
*>e held at Laurens C H., S. C. on the
14th day of January 1911 next, after1
publication hereof, at 11 o'elock in]
the fcrei oon. to show cause, if any
they have, why the an id Administra
tion should not be granted.
Given under my hand this 2S?h day
of December. Anno Domini 101c.
O. r: Thompson.
HASKELL SIGNS BILL
Affixes His Autograph to Measure
\Vhiie in Railway Kit11nur House at
Guthrie, Okla., Dec. 20.?Gov Chas.
N. Haskell affixed Iiis signature to the
Stnto capitol bill while sitting on a
stool in a railway eating house here
tonight. Tile bill, which was passed
at a recent special session of the leg
islature, locates the capital at Oklaho
Shortly after 0 o'clock this evening
citizens of Oklahoma City had met
the requirements of the governor that
$71.'-'00 he raised before he signed the
bill, and he (mediately took a train
for this city. The governor descended
from the train, went Into the eating
house, and to give zest to Iiis meal,
signed the bill.
The bill then was handed to the
ssistant secretary of stale. Leo Mey.
m's. and the governor boarded a wait
ing train and returned to Oklahoma
Guthrie interests already have
started court proceedings against the
legality of the hill and it is anticipated
that it will be several months before
the suit is finally determined.
A RATE EXPERT.
Railroad Commission Will Applj to
the Legislature for an FxjM'rt to
Help them on the Kate Question.
Columbia. Jan. 2.?A rate expert
and a special inspector will be rec
ommended in the annual report of the
South Carolina railroad commission
which will be sent to the general as
sembly. The commission claims that
these two men are absolutely neces
sary to secure the host results for the
people of the State, it is recommend
ed that the two positions carry salar
ies that will insure ttie securing of
the service of the very best men pos
sible. This is the fii'St time that the
Commission has recommended to the
legislature that a competent rale ex
pert be appointed.
Solves a Deep Mystery.
"I want to thank you from tha hot
tow of my heart.'" wrote C. R. Rader.
Of Lewisburg. \V. Va.. "for the won
derful double benefit I got from Elec
tric Bitters in curing me of both a
severe case of stoniache trouble and
of rheumatism, from which I had been
an almost helpless sufferer for ten
years. It suited my case as thought
made just for me." For dyspepsia, in
digestion, paundice and to rid the sys
tem of kidney poisons that cause rheu
matism, llectrie Bitters has no equal.
Try them, every bottle is guaranteed
to satisfy. Only Sue at Laurens Drug
Co. and Palmetto Drug Co.
Are You Hard on Shoes?
Many a woman thinks she is hard on
shoes when the fact of the matter is her
shoes have tricked her. If your shoes
go to pieces unreasonably soon it's
the fault of the maker. To meet
competition he has skimped and
scalped and substituted inferior for
honest materials till there's noth
ing left but looks.
$2.00 SHOE $2.50
is built to fit the foot snugly and comfortably,
as every good shoe should. It is built along
the most fashionable lines, as you have a right
to expect. It wears like iron?which cannot
be said of some shoes at this price.
The parts that show are honest
on their face and give to the foot
a trim and stylish appearance.
The parts that t;;ke the strain
and weai?away inside and out
of sight?are just as thorough, just
as honest. Look up our dealer
in your town and let him tell you
how we c?n make such 2. good
shoe tor the money.
fhe Red Btll
on the Box.
This samt shoe in our
$2.50 and S3.OO is
Goody tar ivtlt stivtd.
In Our Col/tgt Woman's
Walking Shoe, $3.00?
Sj.JO?S4.OO, it equals
tht best custom make.
Laid 20 years ago are as good as new to-day and have never needed
repairs. Think of it!
What other roofing will last as long and look as well?
They're fireproof, stormproof, and very cr.sily laid.
They can be laid right aver wood shingles, if necessary, without cre
ating dirt or inconvenience.
For prices and other detailed information apply to
Local Dealer or
Cortright Metal Roofing Co., Philadelphia, Pa
J. C. Burns & Co.'s Cut Price Stores
RED IRON RACKETS
She has flown away on the swift wings of time. Many thanks to our God who giveth all good gifts. AH of our labors have been awarded with a plcntious
year in 1910. We now greet 1911 with a big heart full of energy, with light feet and quick steps determined to outdo all past records during 1911, and God being
our helper we know we will succeed.
RED IROIV RACKET
Is doing things worth something for the people of Laurens, Greenwood, Spartanburg, Greenville, Anderson and adjoining counties; they save their customers from
10 to 35 per cent on their purchases, and the people appreciate the Red Iron Racket's Lower Prices for Same Goods. Our past business success has proven this
statement to us and our customers in the 12 years of Red Iron Rackets existence in Laurens, and during this time we have grown and expanded?opening stores in
Greenwood, Spartanburg, Anderson, and Greenville Sept. 15th, 1910. Our Goods and the power of Lower Prices have proven to the people of the Piedmont Section
that we have made the greatest success in a shorter time than any other mercantile firm in the Garolinas.
AND THIS HAS BEEN DONE
By Selling "More Goods for Same Money
Same Goods for Less Money."
Freedom from the Burden of High Price.
Wishing you all Three Hundred and Sixty-five Days full of Health, Happiness and Prosperity in 1911
L E. BURNS of RED IRON RACKET
Laurens, Greenwood, Spartanburg, Anderson and Greenville, S. C.
Remember We are Located Completely out of the High-Priced District, 210 West Laurens Street