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MANUFACTURES IN SOUTH CAROLINA
Washington, D. C, April 6.?A pre
liminary statement of the general re
sults of the census of manufactures
for the state of South Carolina was Is
sued today by Census Director Dur
and. It consists of summaries, coir ?
paring the figures for 1904 and 1005?.
by state totals, prepared under the di
rection of Mr. William M. Steuart.
Ohlei statistician for manufactures,
Bureau of the Census.
Steam laundries are separately pre
sented, because the Thirteenth Census
was the first in which they were can
vassed, and therefore there are no
statistics from prior censuses with
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The figures are preliminary and
subject to such change and correc
tion as may be found necessary from
tt further examination of the original
The Thirteenth Census, like that of
1904, with reference to manufactures,
differs from the Twelfth Census, in
1000, in that the two later censuses
excluded the hand trades, tho build
ing trades, and the neighborhood in
dustries, and took account only of
establishments conducted under fac
tory system. In the last census also,
as In that for 1001, statistics were not
collected for factories having a pro
duct for the census year of a value less
than $500, except taht reports were
taken for establishments idle during
a portion of the year 1*109, or which
began operations during that year
and whose products for such reason
were I ess than $.'>nn.
The word "establishment" as used
in the Thirteenth Census may mean
more than one mill or plant, provided
they are owned or controlled and
operated by a single individual, part
nership, corporation or other owner
or operator, and are located in the
same town or city.
The reports were taken for the cal
endar year ending December .11. 1009.
wherever the system of bookkeeping
permitted figures for that period to
bo secured, but wherever the fical year
of an establishment differed from the
calendar year a report was obtained
for the operations of that establish
ment for its fiscal year falling most
largely within the calendar year 1909.
The summary for tho state shows
an increase at the census of 1009 as
[comoarod with that for 1904. In the
order of their importance, from a per
centage standpoint, the principal
items rank as follows:
Value added by manufacture, fil per
cent; capital, 63 per cent; salaries and
wages. 49 por cent; value of products,
43 per cent; number of salaried of
ficials and clerks, 30 per cent; num
ber of establishments, 33 per cent;
cost of materials used. 32 per cent;
average number of wage-earners em
ployed (hiring the year, 23 per cent;
and miscellaneous expenses, 15 per
There were 1,854 manufacturing
< .-ii.ibllniiiiieiii? in 1909, und 1,399 ill
1901. an Increase of 4?r>5, or 33 per cent.
The capital invested, as reported in
1909, was $173,221,000. a gain of $.r.9.
799.000 or 63 per cent over $1 13,422,
000 in 1904. The average capital per
establishment was approximately $93,
000 in 1909 and $81,000 in 1904. In
this connection it should be stated that
tho Inquiry contained in the census
schedule calls for the total amount
of capital, both owned and borrowed
and invested in the business, but ex
cludes the value of rented property,
plant, or equipment which was em
ployed in the conduct of manufactur
ing enterprises. In the final bulletins
and reports the rental paid for such
property will be shown separately.
The cost of materials used in 1909
was $66,013,000 as against $49,969,000
in 1901. an increase of $16,014,000, or
:iL' per cent. The average cost of ma
terials per establishment in 1909 and
I'.uii was approximately $36,000. in
addition to the component materials
Which enter into the products of the
establishment for the census year
there are included fuel, rent of pow
er and heat, and mill supplies. The
cost of materials, however, does not
include unused materials and supplies
bought either lor speculation or for
use during a subsequent period.
The value of ;jrodrcls in 1909 was
$113.230.000, and $79,376,000 in 1904,
ar. increase of $33,860,000, >r 40 per
cent. The average per establishment
for f'ioi was approximately $<si.0c3
and $57.'.MO hi 1904.
The value of products represents
their selling value or price at the
plant as actually turned out by the
factories during the census year, and
?does not necessarily have any rela
tion to the amount of sales for that
year. The values under this head al
so include tho ainouut received for
work done on materials furnished by
Value Added by Manufacture.
The value added by manufacture
represents the difference between the
cost of materials used and their value
after the manufacturing processes have
pear separately In the final reports,
as well as such Items of office ami oth
er expenses as can not bo elsewhere
Classified. In U'OP the amount was
$G.903.000. and In 1004. $6,013,000, an
Increase of $800.000, or 15 per cent.
Tho average miscellaneous expense
per establishment in 1909 and 1904
was approximately $4,t>00.
The salaries and wages in 1900
amounted to $24.117,000, and in 1004.
THREE MARYS AT THE TOMB
been expended upon them and they
become products, in 1909 the value
added by manufacture was $47,223,000,
and in 1904, $29,407,000, an increase of
$17,816,000 or Gl per cent. The value
added by manufacture in 1909 formed
42 per cent of the total value of pro
duets, and iw 1904, 'M per cent.
Miscellaneous expenses include rent
of factory or works, taxes, amount
aid for contract work, which will ap
$16,224,000, an Increase of 7,893,000,
or 19 i>cr cent.
hi 1909 the number of salaried of
ficials and clerks was ;5.l!'>7. and in
1901, 2,389, an increase of 868, or 30
The average number of wane-earn
ers in 1909 was 73,046, and in 1904,
59,441, an increase of 13,605, or Iii!
WHY BASTE? PRESENTS I
Toudenc) Seems to Slake Caster u
Season far Chlng Presents.
It Is hard to see why any holiday
except Christinas should he observed
by sending presents to friends, yet we
seem to be generally falling into that
custom, whether the day be New Year's
St. Valentine's. St Patrick's or Easter.
If the fashion spreads no doubt ere
long we shall feel constrained to In
clude the Forth of* July and election
day In the list of gift sending occasions
Even good things may be run Into the
Simple presents for children afford
them joy at Easter. For them are
decorated eggs, boxes of sweets, sugar
rabbits of papier nun-lie ones stuffed
With sweets. Crown people.' in ac
cordance with the exaggerated gift
bestowing fashion, often send expen
sive jewels and bric-nbrac to their
tri?mis at Easter. Why they should
it is not easy to discover, for there is
no i -a8on in it.
For St. Patrick's day there were on
sale pretty picture postcards in vivid
green whereon to speed the compli
ments of the season. The same at
tractive idea might be much more gen
erally adapted to Easter than has been
done. Postcards in Easter colors
white, yellow and green -might well
have appropriate resurrection and oth
er symbols printed upon them for use
at the joyous yet sacred spring fes
tival. There, too, are artistically
adorned Easter poems.
Hut Power gifts and Moral decora
tions at Easter are the best of all.
In the warmer climes of Christen
dom there is an annual Moral festival,
Where llowt rs are abundant it comes
just preceding Lent and is commonly
called the Mower carnival. In our
country, cxcopl in California and now
and then In a southern state, there Is
seldom a Mower festival of any kind,
although there might well be such
<'\en in the northerly part of the land
in May and June.
It is customary to have- shining lllos,
"pure lilies of eternal peace." in our
churches on Easter Sunday. But even
(there the resources of the Easter col
ors are not brilliantly brought out.
Yellow , vivid, radiant. da/./.IIllg - is not
that the color of the halo of the saints?
Have not certain esoteric cults chosen
it as the symbol of developing spir
ituality? And in the colder regions of
this land the splendid daffodils "Eas
ter Howei'S," they are well named are
often the only ones in bloom outdoors
at Kaster Mine; They arc tho fir: I
units of the awakening power of the
sun, humid of what is to coiuc.
The flushing y< How daffodils are
hardy as the hardiest. Thoy etiduru
any amount of freezing, Their dried
buiiis may also bo token up from tho
home garden In tho fall and potted in
sandy earth and put In a dark place
till about two months before Taster,
then brought Into the light and tended,
and they will bloHsoin gloriously at
the sacred time.
Our Kastcr churc decorations do not
Include half enough of the significant
yellow in their color scheme. Neither
at this time do we have half enough
flowers of any kind in our bonus. E.is
ter cards have become tiresome. Ex
pensive gifts are meaningless; besides,
we cannot afford them. Hut llowers,
the most beautiful of all the Creator's
Hifts except just a little child, are al
ways there for us. They never weary
us. Daffodils, lilies, snowdrops, white
azaleans, costly or small in prico, may
be sent as remembrances to our deal
est year by year, and they will not bo
bo rod therewith. Indeed, tho same
vareity of flower from the same per ion
t<> the same year after year becomes a
badge of unfailing remembrance and
Draw the ckh of violet hue.
Means friends fond and tine.
Pink will bring you luck,
A lover lull of pluck.
Gladly take the ere, of grnoil,
Good fortune soon Will be seen.
Wealth ami happiness with the egg
Keep it and hide safety llWIiy.
The egg of blue
Means lovers few.
I>o not touch the egg ot red
it you do you'll never wed.
A lover ibis very night
If you draw the egg of white.
You'll marry in another town
If you ( boose tl . ogg of brown.
WILLIAMS' KIDNEY PILLS
Have you overworked your n< rvotis sys
tem and caused trouble With your kid
neys and Madder? Have yen pains In
loins, side, back ami bladder'/ Iluve you
a (lobby npponrnnen of the face, and un
der the eyes? A freipionl uenlre to pass
urine? If so. Williams' Kidney I'll la will
run- you?DmuKlBt, Price We.
WILLIAMS MFC. CO., Prop... Cle?rl?nd. Ohio
LAUKKXS DRUG ? 0.
I.aureus, S. C.
These Three forin the Keynote of the eSnceess of
SPRING AND SUMMER 1911
Will be known as the "Gray and Brown Season" in Men's wear,
but until you've seen the beautiful woolen samples from HOPKINS
TAILORING COMPANY, our Baltimore Merchant Tailors, you
have no conception of the variety of shades and patterns that can
be designated in these colors. A Suit or extra pair of Trousers
made just as you want it from your choice of fabric at less than
regular tailors price ought to interest you. We will be glad to
show you Hopkins' line.
Exclusive Agents for Laurens, S. C.