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Laurens, S. C.
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Greenville, S. C.
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Laurens, S. C.
OVER 66 YEARS'
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I'm I' IIIBMBllMI llllllllll IIIWIIIHIIIIH Ml
On the Scene of the Recent Massacres
In New Turkey?Even the Men
Who In Cold Blood Slew Americans
Are Permitted to Walk at Liberty.
By WILLIAM T. ELLIS.
Adana.?I watched Baltimore burn.
I trod tho smoking: ruin3 of San
Francisco. I havo thrcadod my way
through camps of myriads of starv
ing Chinese, in tho great famine' of
four years ago. But no experience
I havo ever undergone has been so
depressing as a visit to Adana, tho
center of tho Armenian massacres of
a year and a half ago. Throughout
theso Investigations In Turkey, Adana
has kept arising as a specter.
Now I havo seen what remains to
be seen of that holocaust of blood and
fire and pillage. Tho heart of the
city Is still In ruins. People are only
beginning to rebuild. Widows and
orphans bulk largely In tho popula
tion. A measure of self support is
coming through the picking of the
cotton crop, at which a family may
earn as much as 25 cents a day. It
seemed to mo, as I walked about the
streets of the city, and had pointed
out to me individuals as well as
neighborhoods which had been re
sponsible for a share of the live thou
sand deaths, as if thero were a cyn
ical leer upon tho faces of tho Turks
v-ho watched the stranger pass.
A Pall Upon the Country.
I came down through Asia Minor to
Adana ,and two days back in the
Taurus mountains I was told that
"Hero the massacres began." The
Christians wcro harried through
many villages and into Adana and
Tarsus. Tho whole region ran blood.
Ono cannot enter Into conversation
with a group of people without quick
ly hearing echoes of those awful days.
I chanced to meet six prisoners Just
out of Jail, where they had been im
prisoned sinco the massacres, because
they had defended their village
against tho Turks who assaulted it.
Some of the Btorles of the defense
of individual homes and village com
munities are thrilling to tho last de
gree. Ono English speaking young
man told mo quietly when I ques
tioned him that ho had no* been in
Adana at tho time, but In a near-by
villago which had successfully resist
ed the attacks of the Moslems. At
tho last attack, when the Turkish
soldiers and the fanatics came upon
them, tho men of tho village moved
In a body outsido tho walls, to make
thero a last stand for their homes
and loved ones; for they knew if the
butchers got within the gates, all
Would be over.
Tho massacre swept like a forest
fire over all this beautiful region. It
gives a visitor a creepy feeling to
have a resident point out to him, hero
and thero, an individual who led In
the attacks upon the Christians. Tho
real leaders In the massacre wero
never punished. To tho credit of
the young Turks, be It said, they
hanged flfty-slx unimportant persons
whom they held responsible. On tho
spot I find an ominous questioning as
to whether tho party in power has not
been obliged to mako terms with tho
It comes as a surprise to learn that
nobody has been punished for the
cold-blooded murders of Rogers and
Maurer, tho two Amorlcans who were
shot down whilo engaged In carrying
water to extinguish a fire. The very
names of the murderers are men
tioned here. It would seem as if tho
simplest kind of detective work on
tho part of the government could find
tho culprits. I saw tho exact place
of tho tragedy. The men were shot
from a window that was pointed out
lo mo, while they were engaged In a
work of mercy. It was not random
balls from a distance?the nature of
the street precludes that?but woll*
aimed shots from tho home of a well
known citizen, occupied at the time
by Turkish neighbors. Trowbrldge,
tho third American, escaped only by
falling on his face.
Hero arises an Important question.
Tho safety of all other Americans In
Turkey Is endangered by tho Immu
nity of the murderers of Rogers and
Maurer. Tho fanatics have not been
slow to spread tho news that two for
eigners had been killed and nobody
punished. If this may be done with
Impunity once, why not again? Amer
icans in this part of the world aro
quite perturbed over the situation,
and they point to the well-known
usage of Great Britain in following to
the bitter end whosoever sheds Brit
ish blood. The deepest instinct of
nationality calls for the protection of
citizens abroad. The department of
State has filed a caveat with the
Turkish government, so that the way
Is yet opea to demand the punishment
of the offenders and indemnity to the
families of the slain. It is true that
a few persons of no consequence were
punished for the murders of fifteen
thousand Christians; but nobody haa
been punished specifically for the
death of the murdered Americans.
The Reason far the Massaeres.
"When the hive Is full we gather
the honey," Is the way one Turk is
quoted as having explained the Adana
massacre, and those that have pre
ceded It throughout the past fifty
years. That Is to say, many foreign
era resident here believe that the
prosperity of the Christians, which is
markedly superior to that of the Mos
lems, is a temptation that provokes
the massacres. This would make the
end chiefly sought not vengeance but
simply loot. Certainly, In uddltion to
the massacres, the houses nnd stores
of the Christians were completely gut
ted. I saw whole lines of shops that
had been stripped bare by the Turks.
! The latter are no better for all their
plunder, for "Como easy, go easy."
Most of It has been spent in dlsslpa
tlon and gambling. The latter vice
Bits heavily upon Adana.
Another reason, greater than the
loot, was the carrying off of Christian
girls and women to Turkish harems.
This Is a phase of the massacre which
naturally cannot be written about In
detail. It was no caso of haphazard
plunder, such as that In which tho
Sabines used to figure; It wob rather
Turks making choice of tho daugh
ters of neighbors with whose un
veiled faces they were familiar. Each
man had his prize marked before the
signal was given. And this applied
also to loot as well as to lust.
One typical Instance was recalled to
me, as I met a woman who had' lost
In tho massacre every member of her
own and her husband's family. Her
daughter, I was informed, was one of
the twenty-seven Armenian girls who
braided their hair together and per
ished in a burning house, taking this
means of making suro that none of
them In an agony of pain would es
cape from the fiery prison, which was
really a deliverance from tho fato
they most dreaded.
It Is undoubtedly true that some of
the Armenians had been indiscreet In
the use they mado of tho liberties
granted by the constitution, they talk
ing patriotism and a possible renewal
of tho ancient Armenian kingdom.
They followed the general custom of
carrying firearms and they openly
practiced with them. They were
flamboyant and injudicious, and gavo
this slight pretext for tho awful
crimes which followed.
The Holy Law of Blood.
Tho fundamental cause must be
sought deeper than any of tho consid
erations named. The reason lying
at the bottom of tho massacres may
not bo doubted. It is clear to who
ever would look. It was the appeal
of Abdul Hamid to the holy law of
the Shorlat. One need not go far
International Mission Hospital, Adana.
ther bark than tho indubitable Tact
that tho one lino of division which ,
marked the massacre was tho line
of religion. It was Islam raising tho
! sword against Christianity. The
; Sherlat was the bond that held to
> gether tho murderers' legions. Tho
I powor of the hodjas and mollahs was
, tho machinery chletly used in organ
izing the massacres. The one great
weapon left In Abdul Hamid's hands
was his olllce as Caliph, "the Com
mander of the Faithful." So, to con
found the plans of tho Young Turks, ;
and to Invoke foreign intervention, he
gavo the command to strike. Only
the power of the Young Turks pro- |
vented similar massacres in many
places. This is a chapter mostly tin
, written. Sometimes it was a force
ful governor who prevented the ful
fillment of orders from Constantino
ple. In one case it was a Young Turk
military officer, who. upon receiving
news of the plan, went into the pros*
once of the Governor and said: 'I
want you to understand that if there
is to be a massacre here, it will begin
In Adana, strangely enough, most of
the Christians still blame tho Young
Turks for at least a measure of re
sponsibility. They say that the Young
Turks wanted to glvo a lesson to 1 he
turbulent Armenians and Macedo
i nians. They point out that the worst
massacro occurred nine days after the
first, the Christians having been dis
armed in tho interval. The Salonlca
soldiers they charge with participat
ing In the slaying of the Christians.
There are somo things that cannot
easily be explained about trq massa
ore, If the New Regime Is 'tu be ac
quitted of all responsibility, yet thcro
is no doubt, whatever agencies con- j
trlbuted, the real power of the mas
sacro lay in the Ineradicable hatred
for Christians on tho part of the fol- !
lowers of the Prophet.
Will There Be Another?
When I asked the Minister of the
Interior in Constantinople, Talaat
Bey, if there could be another massa
cre, he lifted up his hands and cried,
"Cod forbid." The Sheikh ul Islam
assured me positively, and he was
speaking as the religious bead of
Islam in tho Turkish government,
that such a thing could not occur
again. The enlightened and strong
handed governor of this province,
DJemal Bey, gave me his word that
there would be no more in as sac res
Ih the region of which he has since
taken charge. No assurance could be
more positive than these I have had
from the highest quarters.
None the less. In the Interior of the '
country the people feel otherwise.
Tho Christian community, which rep
resents many denominations of the
older churches, stand Bolidly together
In a conviction of a possible repeti
tion of the massacres. At Adaua I
had an Interview with tho lenuvis of
tho orthodox Greek church, tho Greek
Catholic ?church, tho Armenian Cath
olic church, tho Gregorian Armenian
church and tho old Syrlac church, and
they were a unit in declaring that the
attitude of Islam toward Christians
has not changed, and that the worst
is still possible, although they have
conndenco In the good intentions of
tho present Governor. Even the Rev.
\V. N. Chambers, the American Hoard
missionary, who has been the fore
most figure In events subsequent to
tho massacres, and is easily tho lead
er of tho vcommunlty, is under the
same cloud of depression. Small won
der, when he recalls tho murdered
friends who died is his armB, and the
bodies which ho rescued from mutila
The argument for the possibility
of another massacre lies In the fact
that there has been no change in the
minds of the people. Tho Moslems
have not been made over by the pun
ishment of an inconspicuous few of
their number. They still look upon
the Christians with antipathy. The
village Moslem children cry at tholr
Christian playmates: "I am going to
get that dress when we kill you."
A Crop of Orphans.
The aftermath of tho massacres Is
the multitude of orphanB, euch with a
story as individual and as tragic as if
his wero tho only story of sorrow in
the land. I have met many at Tarsus,
where 5,000 Armenians refugeed in
tho American school, so that only two
hundred were Blaln. I saw a llttlo
boy of 7 or 8, whose father and broth
ers had been killed beforo his eyes.
I asked how ho escaped. With a sig
nificant gesture he answered: "I lay
among tho dead"; that is, he had
fallen down as if slain and had wait
ed until the murderers left.
Tho mission schools aro over
whelmed with these orphans, In Adana
they are so thick In one of the
schools, which tho missionaries hope
may one day bo made larger, that
they sleep on the floor bo closely that
the teachers must pick their way
among their bodies in order to reach
their own rooms. Pathetic talcs of
the murders are legion. Here is one,
for instance, of a widow who has to
support a swarm of little children, an
aged mother, and an idiot sister, and
who herself has no training for earn
ing a livelihood. The missionaries
havo stnrted industrial work among
tho Armenians, and they have also
established an International hospital,
which Is to bo a permanent memorial
of tho Adana massacro.
Surveying the Situation.
It seems to me as if "Remember
Adana" should bo written on the mind
of the Young Turk party when it Is
tempted to boast; and also before
the eyes of all tho statesmen and pub
licists who have anything at all to do
with affairs in the Turkish empire.
There are some reasons why this
massacre may not easily bo repeated,
but there are greater reasons why a
duplicate of it may burst upon tlio
world at almost any time. For tho
mind of Islam has not changed.
(Copyright, 1911, by Joseph B. Bowles.)
Henri Grcssit, tho Savage advance
man, who. it is claimed, is tho per
fect sartorial gem of hi:; profession,
sailed yesterday r. the Crotic for
Mediterranean points on a five weeks'
pleasure trip. At 0 o'clock yesterday
morning Barney Roilly decided to . o
along. They had to hurry, but they
caught tho ship. Quite pompously
Henri went abroad. Barney followed
him in anything but a pompous man
A few moments before the moorings
wero cast off Henri, talking to au
other passenger, said:
"My man and I had to hurry to
get here in time."
Barney heard him. He knew ho
was that "man," and he wasn't ex
actly pleased. Stepping up to Henri
"Where did you tell me you're to be
head waiter when you return to Now
Henri turned away, drew a pink silk
handkerchief from his sleeve and
mopped his brow.?New York Tele
8eme Uses for Antiquities.
Old parchments on which state doc
uments wer? >? ritten have boen sold
In England for various purposes. Fish
mongers and tobacco dealers made use
of many tons of them, a gold beater
bought large quantities to be Bold to
boys to be used in whipping tops, and
some were turned over to a pastry
-:ook, who Intended to make Jelly out
of them, but found them too poor for
fount's "True Blue"
? Middle-Breaker ?
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?Ji0 ^Sfw^aS'^^?&L: - for running out the middles
Of Oxen M of both corn and
Cannot Extra ^*^sjL cotton. Host for
Bend . ??wwfa^Point FREE ?Schill lands or low
"^B^^sBB^^ ?Vs*JS?!% ^an<^s?f?r opening ditches
Beam ' i^jMMBT^1 i ? for killing grass ? for
sub-soiling, etc., etc.
light Enough for ONE MULE?Strong Enough for TWO!
For level and steady running, licht draft and turning
qualities, the "True Blue" surpasses all other Middle
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On Exhibition at Our Salesrooms
J. H. 5ULLVAN, Laurens, S. C.
Store and lot. Also nice new dwelling of
Jno. M. Moore.^ Store near Laurens Mill. Good
proposition?see us at once.
Splendid lot and three room House on Sullivan
street opposite Mr. J. ,). Pluss at a bargain.
Good House and lot on Martin Street.
Fine Farm known as Polly Franks place, four
miles above Laurens, near Greenville and Laurens
road. 100 acres worth the money we can sell it
Home Trust Co.
N. B. DIAL, C. H. ROPER,
President. Sec. & Trcas.
LAUREN'S, SOUTH CAROLINA
CIIAILESTON & WESTERN CAROLINA RAILWAY.
Change in Schedules, effective 12:01 a. m. Sunday, Nov. 20, 1911.
.Main Line Spartnnburg Division Spurtnnburg-Augmjtu.
N. ii. -The following schedule figures uro published onlv as Information
and hoi guaranteed.
Westbound Trains. En thound'Traiua;
1 Stations 2 -1
I 1:20 p in 7:15 n m J.v August \i 12:10 p in 10:2? p in
I: IS 7:11 .Martini-/. 11:1" 0:5?
1:57 7 :">:'. Evans 11:30 0:47
r.: <?s 8:05 Woodlawn 11:19 9:34
r.:2.-. 8:28 Clarks Mill llt?l '.':!!>
8:33 Modoc 10:53 :?:0X
: 13 8:11 Parksvllle 10:13 8:59
:".i 8.52 Plum Branch 10:31 8:48
C:05 9:03 McCormlck i o; 8:30
L'l 9:19 Troy 10:01 S: 1S
0:32 0:30 Bradley 9:53 *:07
i;:42 9:42 Verdory 9:42 7:5ft
":0l 10:01 <: icon wood 9:25 7:3'.?
f:20 10:20 Coronacn 0:08 7:20
7:::: 10:157 Waterloo 8:.":? 7:01
7:17 10:47 ("old Point 8:42 C:54
10: r?."i Maddens 8:35 C:47
S:10 11:10 Laurens 8:20 8:32
8:28 11:28 Ota 8:05 6:16
S:3."> 11:36 Lanford 7:5ft 6:08
8:40 11:40 Enoree 7: r> i 6:03
8: ."ft 11:56 Woodruff 7:35 5:47
9:08 12:08 Swltzer 7:22 5:34
9:14 12:14 Mooros 7:16 5:28
9:24 12:24 Roebuck 7:07 5:19
9:40 p m 12:40 p m Ar Spartanburg Lv 6:50 a m 5:02 p m
Gr^'flYlHe Branch- Luurens-Urrent 111?.
?55 52 Station ?54 53
8:10 p DO 2:35 p m Lv Laurons Ar 8:20 a m 1:46 p m
8:28 2:54 Barksdale 8:03 1:29
};34 3:01 Oray Court 7:57 1:22
*:38 3:05 Owing* 7:53 1:17
8:50 3:17 Fountain Inn 7:40 1:05
?:01 3:30 Sltnpsonvllle 7:29 12:60
?:12 . 3:42 Mauldln 7:17 12:38
?:30 p m 4:00 p m Ar Greenville Lv 7:00 a m 12:20 p m
??54 and 55 aro dally except Sunday.
RNKST WILLIAMS, O. P. A., A. W. ANDERSON. 8UPT.,
Augusta, Oa. Augusta, Ga.