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ICEBERG TORE INTO THE TITANIC'S ^
SIDE A>!D HER BOILERS BLEW W
Sank as Band Played" Nearer, My God, to Thee," Carrying t
the Bottom ot the Atlantic 1,535 Souls.
CABPATMA ARRIVED WITH 745 SURVIVORS ON B0A8L
The sinking Titanic carried with her
to death 1,595 persons.
Those who were rescued number
More than this number were picked
up from the Tltanlc's boats and from
pieces of wreckage to which they
elung, but four died of exposure after
having been transferred to the Car*
pathla and were buried at sea.
Of the 745 who reached New York
210 were members of the crew, most
of them stewards and firemen. Only
four officers were saved.
It was the submerged ledge of an
Iceberg of ordinary proportions that
sent the White Star liner more than
two miles to the bottom of the Atlan
tic off the Banks of Newfoundland.
8he was steaming almost full tilt
through a gently swelling sea and un
der a starlit sky when at 11.40 p. m.
she hit the berg. First Officer Mur
dock a moment after the collision sur
rendered the command to Capt.
Smith, who went down with her.
New York.?After 4 days of ngonl
eing suspenso tho Carpathia arrived at
this port bearing all that remains mor
tal of tho thousands of souls who sail
ed upon tho Titanic.
Still dazed and half stunned from
tho shock of that appalling night, amid
all their grief the survivors in Beuten
-?? .i . . i ?iirtrri
COL. JOHN JACOB ASTOR AND MRS. ASTOR.
ces Interrupted' by sobs and ejacula
tions lold of brief momenta of their
oxperienoo tbat had to bo pieced to
gothor to make a coherent narrative.
It was a narrative to thrill the houI
with horror. Darkness, a sea of ico,
tho hugo bulk of the Titanic dotted
with myriads of lights BOWly sinking
benoath tho waves, tbo cries of men
shrloking for help, of women scream
ing in panic growing louder and loud
er with every moment, hundreds of
men struggling In tbo water amid (bo
cakes of Ice, striving plteously to
climb upon tho overladen lifeboats,
begging to bo saved, women crying to
their husbands to jump from tho
decks, ship's officers threatening to
shoot the first man who attempted to
outer a lifeboat?no picture inferno
ever prosentod such phantasmagoria.
Titanic Was Punning at Full Speed.
Tho ocean was calm as a mill pond
when the Titanic crushed into (bo ice
berg. It was a quarter of an hour be
foro midnight. Most of the passengers
were In their cabins.
Then came the shock of collision?
not so violent a crash as bad been de
pleted, for there were many who were
not even awakened by It?but enough
to disquiet all who felt it. There was
a gonoral and orderly exodus to (ho
Sailors wero scurrying hither and
"NOTHING TO BE AFRAID OF!
THERE'S NO DANGER!"
Some of the passengers even return
ed to their rooms and prepared to re
tire. Rut gradually the cessation of
tho engines' vibration caused uneasi
ness and tho groups on tbo decks grew
groater and greater. Still the sallorB
announced that there was nothing to
Then, with perceptible suddenness,
tho ship began to list.
"AH passongers on deck with lifo
belte," was shouted. Thon lor the first
time the gravity of tho situation dawn
ed upon the passongers.
Tho sailors, working silently nnd
without excitement, yet fast as their
hands could move, removed the tar
paulins from tho l!f"honta and?(erse
ly, without excitement?came the or
dor, repeated upon every side:
"Women and children in tho life
Tho sailors helped tho nearest wo
men and children into tho boats. And
?it was tho beginning of excitement
?other sailors began to lower the
Men Laughed as Boats Filled.
Thus far the men, standing idly by.
falling entirely to grasp the signifi
cance of the moment, had helped the
Bailors. Many of the passengers re
port that the men were laughing.
"We'll be safer here on the ship
than In that cockle mcll!" one man
cried to his wife aa sho was helped
over the rail.
But the Titanic settled deeper in the
ocean and it was diflicult for the men
to remain on their feet. Then It was
that tho appalling nature of it dawned
upon those men. And then, also it
was, that tho officers of tho ship drew
"Stnnd back!" they cried. "Only
women und children go Into the boats."
Some of the men leaned against tho
rail and looked down over tho tower
ing sides of the ship. Others slowly
paced tho du k as if they were wait
Three Steerage Men Shot.
Tho ship sank lower and lower.
Three revolver shots wore beard.
Three passengers in the steerage had
attempted to force their way past tho
sailors and had been ruthlessly shot
By this time the passengers on the
deck who remained in possession of
their faculties observed the huge
masses of ico which tho Titanic bad
rout from the berg with which it had
collided. Of tho Bcono In the bow, '
where ovor a hundred and fifty feet of
the ship's length had b< "n crushed In, I
thero woro no witnesses until an hour
afterward, when tho lifeboats woro all
in the water.
Heroism Asserts Itself.
Tho ship had now listed to a terriblo
angle. Men, in tho throes of panic,
attempted to reach tho boats and were
pushed back. And in that moment
the heroism of hundreds asserted it
self. It was tho passengers who push
ed back these panic-stricken few and
not the sailors. Of tho individual
deeds of horoism only a few havo as
yet boon told. Hut those few uro tho
fore runners of thousands.
Soon most of the boats had been
lowered and still a full realizing sense
of tho extent of tho disaster had not
dawned upon all that mass of men.
lint, finally, all tho hor.tB bad l><><"<
lowered. Then, tho sailors, seeing wo
men standing and running about,
"All women to the lower deck!"
Thoro began a rush to tho lower
deck, and there It was that tho nearest
somblanco to a panic, began. Some of
the women were seized by sailors and
deliberately thrown over the rail Into
The weaker men, by scores, began
to jump overboard. The lifeboats bo- '
gan to draw away from tho ship.
As they drew away those who woro
floating among tho cakes of ico in the !
sea cried aloud pitoously for help.
TI1080 who could seized tho sides of j
the lifeboats. In many cases they
wero pulled aboard.
One Lifeboat Capsizes.
In many casos the sailors who man
ned tho boats rowed deliberately on,
heedlesB of all supplications, for their
boats were full. One boat was observ
ed to overturn. What capsized it is
not yet known?probably a number of
men in tho sea struggling to board
Several more pistol shots wero
heard on board tho ship. And then,
suddenly, above tho murmur of tho
sea and tho crunching of tho Ico floes
there rose a .7'eadlly Increasing cry
from the doomod ship?a cry In which
hundreds upon hundreds of voices
And the women in tho llfcbonts wero
screaming, each to her husband or her
"Jump! We'll pick you up!" was
hoard on every side.
The lights of the Titanic were atlll
shining, but she was sinking steadily
by the bow. The screams of men and
women began to increase in volume.
From the lifeboats the hugo Titanic
loomed a huge mass of blackness, dot
ted with counties* tiny lights. Nord
of these illuminations were Bufftc'ent
to revoal either faco or lnciden*. But
these lights wero steadily sinking be
neath tho surface of the water.
Among the Innumerable deeds of
heroism of that hour there was one
attested by many witnesses. The sail
ore attempted '.o pull Mrs. Isador
Straus from her husband's sldo, but
she clung to his arm, smiling. She
had decided to remain with him She
sank with him.
Women Row Lifeboat.
In the hurry of embarking, one of
tho lifeboats bad been lowered without
a single sailor In It. Three men had
been j.'.cked up by this boat, but the
women were rowing. And the women
betwoen the thwarts were Bcreaming
to their loved ones in agony.
Then, suddenly, above all the wall
ing of that desolate Bcene there arose
the strains of tho ship's orchestra
playing "Nearer, My God, to Theo!"
And for tho llrBt time those In tho
lifeboats realized that those who were
left behind knew that they were doom
ed. A few voices roso'in accompani
ment to the melody. The chorus swell
ed louder and louder. Tho lights sunk
lower and lower.
Tho lifeboats were pulling from the
scene as fast as they could. But while
they were still within sight of the ship
tho lights began to go out with start
The screams and shouts of thoso on
bonrd still resounded through the air.
Tho last light went out and the
Tho peerless Titanic had sunk be
neath the waves.
HYSTERICAL SCENES WHEN
FRIENDS MEET SURVIVORS
Men Fall to Kiss the Knees of Wom
en Folk?Women Shriek and Rush
from Group to Group and Then
Slowly the Carpathia, ambulance
ship of the ocean, made her way up
the bay in the gloom of the evening,
through lanes of silent vessels, and
warped into her dock at Pier 64,
From her descended the saved of
tho Titanic, all that remained of 2,
362 souls, a semi-hysterical band
All the figures that had drifted in
through tho air woro wrong, and
when the truth came It was merely to
increase tho torrlblo roll to 1595.
The scenes that wero enactod on
tho Cunard Pier, and outsido as the
survivors were being hurried away to
homes and hotels, will live a lifetime
in the memory of those who wit
Mm in hysterics, women fainting,
nnd children almost crushed in tho
arms of thoso welcoming them, were
the rule, not the exception. Men fell
down to kiss tho knees of their re
turning womenfolk. Women shriek
ed, wept, dashed in madness from one
group of friends to another, and Anal
ly collapsed in the arms of thoso who
liad come to meet them.
The Scenes Repeated.
Outside, as they woro led or carried
to waiting automobiles, the same
scenes wero repeated. Tho sight ol
a street seemed to fill some of tbo re
turned ones with awo. to others it wis
a causo for emotional joy that could
only find relief in extravagant ecstasy.
Tbo precautions taken for the pro
tection of tho survivors proved en
tirely adoquate, and, fortunately, all
the ambulances and relief corps that
had been gathered at the pier were
Tho number of badly injured on
tho Carpathia was not nearly as large
as bad been Imagined, and cases re
quiring hospital relief were merciful
But the strain on thoso who landed,
a strain that has existed now since
midnight last Sunday, was plainly to
be seen in their faces, In their ac
tions, In their attitudes and words.
Some could barely speak above a
whisper, others could not keep from
shouting. Somo could scarcely find
strength to walk down the gangplanks
?others rushed on to tho pier as
though possessed of the energy of
It was a joyous occasion for many?
a terrible day for somo. To the last
there bad been hope in many breasts
that their loved ones would bo
aboard -and at tho last those hopes
were blasted with tbo ley breath of
tho news the living brought.
How the Titanic sank, what liap
pened when she sank, was told In as
many different ways as there wero
people to tell It. But thoy agreed on
one thing?that Capt. Smith and his
officers showed the greatest bravery
throughout tho terrible ordeal, and
that, except In isolated cases the men
aboard, from the saloon to tho steer
age, showod a heroism worthy of the
When the Ship Went Down.
Men were playing cards in the
smoking room when the great ship
struck the iceborg whose propinquity
was well known to all aboard, for a
bulletin of It bad been posted in tho
saloon, and when tbo ship went down,
most accounts agree, tho band was
playing "Nearer, My God, to Thee,"
while the lifc&Mits wero pulling away.
But it was difficult to get a connect
ed story from any survivor.
Mrs. John Jacob Astor, outwardly
nono the worse for her awful experi
ence, was among the first to bo whisk
ed away to her home. Her stepson,
Vincent Astor, and Craig Biddlo had
come to meet her and the greeting be
tween them was affecting. She went
direct to the home of her father, Wil
liam H. Force, but stayed there only
a few moments
Mr. Middle, speaking afterward of
Mrs. Autor n experience!*, ?uid that
her mental suffering had been terri
ble, though physically she was not
much harmed. Physicians gave or
ders that neither she nor hor maid
should be permitted to talk about tho
Titanic, and this rule was strictly ob
served. Nevertheless, before tho or
der had been given, she had told Vin
cent Aetor some of her memories. Sho
thought she recalled seeing Col. Astor
by her side Just before she got into
one of the boats. She imagined he
was safe too, and it was only when
she was on the Carpathia that she
realized that he was not among the
Like most of the other survivors,
Mrs. Astor was too stunned at flrBt
to recall any of tho incidents of the
sinking ship. She had hoped some
other vessel would pick Col. Astor up,
and when sho realized at last that
all hope of this was gone ahe wa8
Other passengers said that Mrs. As
tor displayed remarkable courage dur
ing the days on tho Carpathia, walk
ing about the decks and trying to
cheer up other survivors whose son
row seemed beyond relief.
THRILLING ACCOUNTS OF
HEROISM AND SACRIFICE
BY TITANIC SURVIVORS.
Tales of horror were told by tho
survivors of the Titanic wreck when
they landed from the steamship Car
Men and women related in detail
how the big ship had crushed against
the iceberg, but how the jar was bo
Blight that no one was excited until
the ship's officers and crew began low
ering the lifeboats and rafts and or
dering passengers into them.
The Titanic's boilers exploded when
water rushed in upon them, and it was
the opinion of BOme of the survivors
that many who had been left on the
sinking Titanic were killed by the ex
plosions and not drowned.
Most graphic was the story told by
Mrs. Paul Schubert, of Derby, Conn.
After telling of how Mr, and Mrs. Isa
dor Straus perished together, because
Mrs. Straus would not leave her hus
band, Mrs. Schaber! said
"it was a terrible experience, but
worth going through. 1 was awaken
ed by the shock of the collision, and
went on deck. There was no great ex
cltement, and persons were coming
out of their rooms and asking what
Wouldn't Leave Brother.
"Suddenly from the bridgo or from
BOme of the officers camo tho cry,
'Ladies first.' This was the first lna
ling that we had that the ship was in
danger. We went bask to tho stato
roonis and dressed. Then camo the
horrifying order that women must
leave their husbands and brothers and
that uo man was to go in tho lifeboats.
"I refused to leave my brother, and
remained on deck until the next to the
last boat was leaving. Thoy looked
around und saw that I was the only
woman. 1 told them that I would not
go without my brother and then thoy
took him also. Thus I saved my bro
"We left the ship about twenty-five
minutes before it sank. Sho Bank at
about 1:50 o'clock Monday morning
At G o'clock the same morning tho
Carpal hin put in an appearance and
wo were picked up. We wero proba
bly one mllo away from the ship whon
sho went down, and the steward that
had given me the first warning that
tho ship might sink went down with
all the others.
Lights Burning, Band Playing.
"As we left the ship it was the most
remarkable and brilliant sight 1 had
ever witnessed on the water. All tho
lights wore burning and the band was
playing as if at a concert."
Mrs. Schabert was asked In regard
to a rumor that Major Butt, military
aide to President Taft, had shot eight
men to keep them from upsetting life
boats by crowding Into them.
Mrs. Schaber! answered that she
was unable to cither confirm or deny
this. Sho said she had seen no such
thing, but that tho confusion was such
she might not have seen it, even if it
Col. Astor Died a Brave Man.
Dramatic stories of the death ol
Colonel Astor were told on the pier by
"Mrs. Astor was sent away In the
tenth boat," said .lohn Kuhle, of Ne
braska. "Just as she was about to be
placed within the boat, Colonel Astor
Helped to Force Wife Into Boat.
"Astor then freed himself from his
wife's embrace and. after helping to
force her into the boat, turnen away
and stood upon .the deck."
Colonel Archibald Grade, U. S. A.,
declared Colonel Astor's conduct was
deserving of the highost praise Col
onel Astor, said Oracle, devoted all
hin energies to saving his young bride,
who was in delicate health.
"Colonel Astor helped us In our ef
forts to get her In the boat," Bald
Colonel Grade. "I lifted her Into the
boat. Colonel Astor then Inquired tho
number of tho boat which was being
lowered and turned to the work of
clearing the other boats and in reas
suring the frightened and nervous
Col. Astor Joined Mr. and Mrs. Straus.
"John Jacob Astor escorted his wife
to one of tho llfeboatB, klBBed her
quietly and then went up to deck H
and Joined Mr and Mrs. Isadoi
Straus," said Robert W. Daniel, ol
Philadelphia "I was almost alongside
of them, but not close enough to dis
tinguish anything they said to each
other. When the water reached dock
B, I jumped Into tho sea. Neither
Colonel Astor nor Mr. and Mra. St ?.'aus
made any effort to nave themselves.
They seemed to realize that !t was
hopeless. I am convinced that Col
onel Astor could have saved himself
had he Jumped Into the water.
"None of us were worried after tho
crash. Many of the passengorB, my
Belt included, went to bed. I did not
rise from my bed until I hoard the
?ound of plBtol shots. Then I pulled
on a bathrobe and went out on deck.
Some of the officers nearest mo were
shooting into tho air?for the purpose,
I suppose, of awakening all tho pas
sengers who had retired. I did not
once catch Bight of the lceterg which
bad ripped our portable from stern to
"""Ast?r was courageous," said >Ar.
and Mrs Dodge, of Philadelphia, be
foro leaving for home. "He assisted
Captain Smith and Major Archibald
Butt In allaying tho panic and In as
eiMlng the women and children into
the boats. Major Butt was calm and
collected throughout everything."
In Bed When the Crash Came.
Mrs. Dickinson Bishop of Detroit,
Mich., in an interview said:
"I was tho llrst woman In tho first
boat. I was In the boat four hours be
fore being picked up by tbo Carpathia.
1 was in bed at tho timo the crash
Came, got up and dressed and went
back to bed, being assured that there
was no danger. There were very few
passengers on deck when I reached
there, after I decided that it would bo
better to investigate tho matter of tho
crash more fully.
"There was little or no panic. Tho
behavior of the crew of the Titanic
was perfect. My husband was also
saved, thank God!"
Mrs. Astor In Lifeboat Four Hours.
Mrs. John Jacob Astor was in a life
boat for four and a half hours before
Bhe was picked up by the Carpathia,
according to K. I. Talyor, who was sav
ed in the same boat. He would not,
however, tell of how she stood the
Dike all the others, bo spoke of tho
lack of comprehension among the pas
sengers, after the accident, that there
was the least danger. The iceberg
which wrecked the Tltqntc be estimat
ed at eighty feet high, and he describ
ed the impact as a sort of grinding,
glancing blow, which tore away the
Ismay Got Into First Lifeboat, Wom
an and Stoker Insist.
William Jones, a stoker on the Ti
tanic, who was one of the crew of
three that manned lifeboat No. 6, gave
a story of tho wreck from the mo
ment that tin- Titanic struck the ice
berg. Ho insisted Ismay went Into
the first lifeboat.
"I am certain I saw Ismay have by
I the first boat that went over the side,"
Jones said. "Wo all knew at the time
; that she was a goner. The first boat
off was in charge irf the second officer
' nnd Ismay went with him. Of the 300
members of the crew that were in the
FIRST RESULT OF THE COLLISIQrW
quarters forward but fofty?sevon that
I know of managed to got away. They
, wero crushed when she struck. The
same death came to the first cabin
passengers that were quartered for
Mrs. Julian Smith of West Vir
ginia, who lost her husband, was bit
ter in her denunciation of Ismay.
"I saw Ismay leave in the first
boat," she said, "and I thought then
it was done probably because he was
111. Hut I learned afterward that he
was in perfect hoalth and had been
banqueting with tho captain when
the crash came. When we were tak
en off on the Carpathia he was put In
the best stateroom, In infinitely more
comfort than tho twenty-six wldowi
aboard. Jle kept In seclusion for tho
greater part of the time. Ou bis door
was a sign that read: 'Pleaso don't
Dr. Frauenthal's Narrative.
Dr. Henry J. Frauenthnl, tho woll
known New York uhvBician. ono ot
the Burvivors of the Titanic, gave tho
following account of the catastrophe:]
"Tho boat struck the iceberg at 11.40
p. m. I was In bed and asleep and
did not hear tho crash My room was
on the other sldo of the boat from
the Iceberg Bide. I did not know any
thing until my brother, who was read
ing, came and aroused me.
"We rubbed to the deck, I dressed aa
i I was for bed. As I came on deck I
! saw tho Captain ?and heard him tell
ing Colonel Astor that the boat had
been Injured by an Iceberg. Tho deck
was already well crowded and tho
passengers wero rushing to the deck.
"I saw that the crew was lowering
a boat, and understand that It wus tho
second boat that was lowered. Tho
crew rushed In the boat a lot of wom
en who were nearby. My brother got
In the boat to protect the women. My
wife threatened to jump out of tho
boat If I did not join her thero, so then
I got In the boat, too.
"We rowed away in the lifeboat, I
should think, for about u mile. It waa
black night. There was no light on tli3
Titanic, bb the light there had gone
out, I am told, live minutes before sho
"I could not, of course, see the ship
go down at the distance we were, but
1 heard the cries and screams of thoso
who were on the ship, and, perhaps.
! too, of those who were In the water
trying to save themselves by clinging
to lifepreser . ers. We heard thoso
cries for fully two hours, while wo
wer?- riding the waves a mile away.
Then the cries died down and Dually
all was Btill. except the noise of tha
' oars In our boat and the swish of tho
"So far as I know, none of the pas
sengers saved anything."
Felt as If They Were Invading a
"Tho wireless operator aboard tho
Carpathia received tho lirst news of
tho Titanic's collision before midnight
last Sunday," said John Scanuoll, a
passenger on the Carpathia. "Wo
were ninety miles from tho White
Star vessel and we headed for her at
1 once. I did not take note of the nutn
j bor of hours wo occupied in reaching
I the scene of tho wreck, hut. of course,
by the time we got therj the Titanlo
1 and most of her passengers and crow,
were many fathoms deep in tho Atlan
tic. When the Carpathln's passengers
learned they were close to tho spot
where the great ship had sunk wo
felt as if we were invading a grave
"We did not come a' rpBB all the Ti
tanic's surviving Hfeb >ts in a single
llotllla," the Westerner continued.
"Our first glimpse of the 'survivora
was of those who occupied a group of
seven boats. The seven craft wero
strung far enough apart for safety, yofc
it was plain they had clung together
I throughout the hours of waiting, and
it was said the fact was due to (be uv.
eellent work of a petty offlcor lu
Charge of one of the boa tu, who prac
tlcally took command of all seven.
"Next wo Hlghted flvo boats in a
group. It was terrible to sue the
agony in the faceu of the women, Most
of them were newly made widows.
They had Been tho Titanic plunge to
the bottom with their husbands
I aboard ano bey knew then' was the
1 smallest chance of their loved ones'
escape. We picked up tho remaining;
survivors in small groups, Iben cruis
?d about until our skipper was con
vinced no more remained afloat. Then
we left the California to make a furth
er search for the few who might bo
illve in tho waste of waters, and put
ibOUt for New York."