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CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE HOOK-WORN
TO BEGIN NEXT TUESDAY MORNING
Representatives of the State Board of Health to be In
Laurens County for Six Weeks Conducting It. Dis
pensaries to be Established Over the County.
Every Tuesday. Dr. Bryson's of
fice, Gray Court.
Every Wednesday. Mayor's office,
Every Thursday. Magistrate's Of
fice, Cross Hill.
Every Friday. Dr. Donnan's of
fice. Boyda Mill.
Every Saturday, Court House.
As announced in The Advertiser last
week, representatives of the state
hoard of health are to conduct a hook
worm campaign in this county foi
six weeks beginning next Tuesday.
Dispensaries are to bo provided at
six dixorent places in the county. (See
box nbOVC) where patients are to be
examined and treated. Those examin
ations are to bo given free of ohnrgo
and every person in the county Is n
titled to the treatment.
A member of the state hoard Ol
health has written the following in
scription and method of treatment of
What if is and how caused.
This disease is caused by a small
worm which lives In the small intes
tine or bowel.
(The worm when full grown is
about a half Inch In length, and as
big around as a pin.) It is of a
dirty, white color.) Cut No. 2 shows
the worm greatly inngnifled; as it ap
pears under tho microscope.
These worms lay e.ngs. These eggs
are too small to be seen by the nak
ed eye. Under tho microscope they
look like this (see cut I). Each female
worm may lay over a thousand eggs
in a day. They do not hatch in the
bowels. These eggs pass out with the
bowel movement and get on the
?round. Here, in a week or two. one
worm hatches out of each ogg. In
hot weather the worm may hatch out
in one day. These young hookworms
are called embryos. These little
worms live in the dirt and grow for
two or three days, then they shed
their skin and grow for a few days
more. They get ready to cast their
skin again and in this stage they are
called encysted embryos. Under tho
microscope they appear to be in a
capsule. They are too small to be
seen by the naked eye. In places
where no privies aro used or where
no buckets are used, to catch the
excreta or bowel movements, the
ground is alive with these little worms
They cannot he seen but they are
there nevertheless. They can be felt.
Let any barefooted person walk on
soil which is polluted; that Is, con
tains body discharges, and in a few
minutes there Is a stinging sensation
on the feet. Later this gets worse and
in a few hours time the skin between
the toes and on top of the foot is red
and swollen. The Itching is intense
and the desire to scratch Is irresisti
ble. In other words, the little worms
have burrowed through the skin and
caused what we call ground itch, toe
Itch, or dew poison. Ground itch oc
curs more often In rainy weather or
after heavy dews. This Is because the
rain washes the excreta and the young
worms a considerable distance from
'ho privy or other place where the
body v. ?ste Is deposited. If these
discharges do not get on the ground,
thero will bo no ground itch and no
hookworm disease. For thlf reason we
never have hookworm disease In cit
ies where sewer systems are used, or
in country districts where sanitary
privies are used.
Let us return to the little hook
worms too small to be seen by the
naked eye which had burrowed
through the skin and caused ground
itch. Thev .uet into the blood stream
Mid pass to tho lungs, from the lungs
they crawl up the'small air tubes un
til they reach the wind pipe. Wa
know that tho upper opening of the
wind pipe (larynx) is close to the
gullet (esophagus). It is easy to see
then how these little worms can be
COUghed up from the wind pi no and
swallowed. They pass through the
( lit No. 2
stomach to the first portion of the
small bowel. Sometimes they are
found In all parts of tho bowel, it
takes the worms two months or more
to travel from the skin to tin- bowel.
They cause no disease while taking the
journey. As soon as they reach the
bowel, they attach themselves by
means of two pairs of lips to the lin
ing of the bowel or mucous membrane
and soon become full grown?that is,
about a half Inch long. Each worm
has a small tooth, which is hollow
like tlio needle of a hypodermic syringe
The worm takes holds of tho bowel
Cut No. 8 _t
lining and this tooth pierces the
bowel lining. This little worm not
only damages the bowel lining, but
It also sucks blood and injects a pois
on (toxlne) into the circulation. When
It has exhausted the blood supply
from one little spot, It turns looso
Cut No. 4
j and takes hold in another place.
I Although those worms are very
[small, there are hundreds, sometimes
thousands <>f them in the bowel nl n
time, and this causes the patient to
become very weak from the constant
loss of blood and from the Impaired
These worms, shortly after reach
ing the bowel begin laying eggu (see
out 1) just as their parents did. These
eggs do not hatch Inside the body, bul
are expelled with the bowe! movement
and hatch out on i';:e soil.
The worin will live in the bowel for
eight or ten years unless tie1 patient
is treated. K\orv worm in the bowel
has gone through the skin. Every
time we have ground itch a little col
ony of hookworms has started for ilia
bowed. Hoys and Kills all over the
state and often men and women also,
go barofooted several months in the
year and are Seldom withou1 ground
is file Disease Common.'
Dubini, an Italian physician was the
first to discover the hookworm in man.
This was n 1851. In the mines in
certain parts of Germany the disease
played such havoc among the miners
that no man with hookworm disease
was allowed to work until the disease
had been cured.
In America, the first hookworm was
discovered by Dr. stiles, of the Unit
ed Stall's .Marine Hospital Service,
j This was in 1902. When Dr. Stiles
made the announcement that many of
the people throughout the South liv
ing in the small towns and in the
Country districts were suffering with
hookworm disease, the papers treated
the matter as a Joke and even the phy
sicians doubted that the disease was
I common. .Now anyone who doubts
! that hopkworm disease is the most se
rious problem confronting the people
of the South, either ha.- not investi
gated the matter, or is not open to
Where (ho Disease is found in (lie
The disease is found in all of the
southern states. It is not found in
the northern part of the United States
because of the cold climate. As a rule,
the disease is more common on Sandy
soil. In our State the heaviest infec
tion is in the lower counties, and it
grows lighter as WO go toward the
north western part of the state.
As yet, we have not been able to es
timate the number of cases of hook
worm disease In the state hut we do
know that the disease is much more
common than people think. Last miiu
mer over eleven thousand men, wo
men and children were treated in our
state in throe months.
The Ago Limit.
There Is no age limit. The disease
is commoner between the ag< s of live
Cut No. .">
and twenty-live but it occurs in very
young children and In very old per
sons. As soon as children get old
enough to wear shoes all the year and
thus prevent ground itch, thev will
gradually recover from the disease un
less they are severely infected. It
will be noticed that babies In 'he coun
try aro usually healthy. When they
become large enough to run about and
catch ground itch, they become pale
and "puny" looking. They are pnle
or sallow and have indigestion and
How the Disease Affect8 b Person.
The symptoms of the disease vary
greatly. The disease may be so se
vere that we can make a diagnosis by
glancing at the patient, or it may bo
so mind that the person appears
hon 1 thy In evovy way. In these cases
wo must use the microscope to make n
diagnosis. A sinnll portion of the
' bowel movement Is placed under the
microscope. Ii the person has hook**
, worm disease the eggs of tho worm
can he seen. Tito eggs of the round,
the tape worin, und other Intestinal
' parasites can also hi? lound. In a se
vere case of hookworm disease the
child is usually small for his ago. Tho
face Is often wrlcklcd, and appears too
old for tin- body. There is a troubled
lor drawn expression uboul the mouth.
, Tiie skin Is usually yellow. It may
have a (loathly pallor or a waxy look.
Tin* patient complains of "shortness
of breath", of pain in the stomach, or
a heavy feeling as though he wen
carrying a weight in the stomach, lie
Buffers from indigestion and "heart
bum" hon incite is common. Tho ap
petite is variable; at times the patient
eats a great deal and again cares for
nothing. Often times he will hnvo a
fancy for (day. sand, chalk, soot and
saw diis'. Wo used to think that dirt
eating caused hookworm disease. We
had the cart before the horse. The
disease cnilSCS the craving for these
things and the patient is unable to
resist. Cure the disease and the pa
tient Das no desire for those tilings.
Recently a physician engaged in the
hookworm work was told by a well ed
ucated and highly cultured lady who
had hookworm disease, that when the
craving to eat sand came on, she would
I try to get it i!" she knew that she would
be shot for doing so.
The skin of the person with hook
worm disease is usually dry and
harsh. The hair of the head is dry
and thai on other parts of the body
very scant. The patient may he very
thin or may be bloated or dropsical.
When patients have lost flesh and
become very weak they often imagine
that they have consumption. If they
become bloated they believe them
selves victims of "kidney trotlblo". It
is a common thing for hookworm pa
tients to suffer for years with what
thoy call "consumption", "kidney
trouble", "heart disease", dropsy",
"Dyspepsia", or "malaria". These
Imaginary troubles vanish like magic
when the patient has been treated for
a few weeks, and will not return If
the conditions surrounding the home
are as they should be. The symptoms
outlined above are those found In se
vere cases of the disease. (See (hit
15). In a mild case of the disease the
child may be full grown for ills age.
and Iiis color may be good. The only
evidence of disease is indigestion or
an occasional headache It Is in these
cases that we must use a microscope
to make a diagnosis. Some persons
imagine thru hookworm disease is
found only among the poorer people
This is not true. The disease recog
nizes no social barriers. It Is found
among rich and poor and high and
low. If people go barefooted or wear
leaky shoes where there are no sani
tary closets, they will continue to
have hookworm disease.
Is There a ('uro?
The disease Can be oasllj oun>d ex
cept in the extreme cases. Thrre Is
no danger In taking the medicine to
expel the worms provided the direc
tions of a physician are followed. If
the disease is mild, it may be cured
with two doses of medicine given a
"ok apart. Severe cases require
'our or five doses. Improvement us
ually takes place as soon as the treat
ment Is completed and sometimes be
fore. There is no other dlseaso which
Is curod ho quickly. In children, the
Improvement is extremely rapid. In
a few weeks the child Is transformed
from a sallow, weak Individual, to a
rosy cheeked Child full of energy. In
ohler persons the changes are not
so marked. If a grown person has
had the disease since childhood, and
is severely infected, he can he great
ly Improved but the ear marks of the
disease are always there.
In one of our coast counties, a boy
Beventeen years of ago, was so se
verely infected that he was unable to
walk over a half mile without resting.
A week after treatment he walked four
mil es. Ii*? is now enjoying good
health. Often I have seen young men
so ill with the disease that they could
do nothing which requlrod any more
exertion than chewing tobacco or
fishing. A few doses of medicine
would enable th< se men to follow a
plow all day or to do other hard work.
Think of the many persons In our
state who are now lending a lifo of
misery on account of this disease!
I (See Cut n. Sometimes, the disease
kills;.more often it weakens the sys
i< in so thnl the person dies of typhoid
fover, pneumonia or some other dis
ease, If these people could be cured !
i and could earn SVllgCa and pay (axe*
think how much the revenue of your
county and of the state at large would.
j he increased! These people are now
consumers. I.el us cure them so lit a I
they inn) become producers. We need
( ill No. T
no drone.; in our ll|\'C. There is work
for every man. woman ami child to do.
We are spending thousands of dol
lars each year to educate our chil
dren, and we should spend much more,
hut many of these children cannot
learn. Tills is no( laziness; it is be
cause they are sick with hookworm
disease or something else. It Is time
for us to stop the economic bah. It
has been goinn on too long. Of the
lo.oon school children examined in
this state last year in rural schools,
less than li't per cent were absolutely
healthy. Many had hookworm disease,
throat disease, eye disease and other
diseases of a more or less scrloUf na
ture requiring medical attention
About 75 per cent of them had curioir
teeth. We ar<- dying to force; these
children to learn when they are nn
ablo to do proper work because of
their physical Condition. In hook
worm disease the child Ib usually dull
and advances slowly In school. Is It
cheapor to have those children cured
or let them go untreated and perhaps
die before they are grown?
Hookworm disease is not a now dis
ease, it has boon in this country for
several generations hut has only re
cently boon recognized.
How WO ( nil (Jot Hid of the '.Mm.inc.
First. Every person with the dis
ease should be treated.
Second. There should lie no null
( tit No.
pollution, it >ou have r.n unsanitary
privy (cut ."?? you should m;,Ue it san
itary that is. make it fly proof by
putting llnpB on the seal and on tho
rear. (See cuts 0, 7, N. '.'). HllCkcts or
other i'ocoptltii ; should ho used and
kepi <lean. If you hnvu no pihy.
build one like thai shown In cut 7
and use (he barrels shown in cut I),
Til. entire cost nl material including
barrels and connecting pipe should
not be more than $10.00 or $12.00.
There are several lypes of privies*
which can be used. Write to The Statu
Hoard of Health for Information,
If a sanitary privy costs ?l(i(t.()() It
would In- cheap. It will prevent not
only hookworm disease but it will les
Bon the number of ciisoh of typhoid
lever, and diarrhea or "summer com
plaint". What do these diseases cost
you every year? A sanitary privy is
cheaper than a colli II It you have
bookworm disease you should ho
I trouted, ll your neighbor has ,i, see
thai be is treated. Von are your
brothers Keeper livery person who
has hookworm disease is a danger to
others every time bo pollutes the soil.
Ii in an* pale and "puny" you may
have bookworm, it you don't know
what ails you it may be hookworms.
If you wish to know, write to tho
'Slate Hoard of Health, Columbia. Si C,
lor a mailing ease, or see physician In
; l.uurons county. This examination will
i cos I you nothing. If you have tho
I disease, it i ; easy to cure. If you
I havcn'l i'. no barm is dour. H?rnern
bor dial II i no disgrace to htivo
hookworms, li is a disgrace to keep
them. Will you write for a mailing
LauroiiK county lun appropriated
money to furnish inodh Ine lor treat -
ing the disease, The state Hoard of
Health will rcihI a representative to
the county He will make microscopic,
examinations and administer treat
ment to anyone applying. Why not.
Him' out ijow, .1" you have tho disease.
P'unphlnts on hookworm disease oro
furnished free of charge by Statu
Hoard of Health, Columbia, S. C.
? , r 1
*int lined &ox_I U
Mf/lurnt fank ' \\ 1 |
Cut No. ?J
SPIOO Tor 1'lHlo
was paid at a banquet, to Henry (May,
In New Orleans In 1842. Mighty costly
for those with stomach trouble or in
digestion. Today peoplo everywhere
use Dr. King's New Life Tills for
these troubles as well as liver, kidney
and bowel disorders. IOasy, safe, sure.
Only 25c at Laurens Drug Co. and
Palmetto Drug Co.
Piles I Piles! Piles!
Williams' indinn IM? Ointment will euro
Blind, Bleeding and Itching IMIes, it ab?
periis (he tumor*) allays lu lling at once,
nets an a poultice, gives Instant relief.
WIlllnmH' Indian I'lle Ointment In pre
pared for Piles and u> ?.,?. ? of the private
parts, i e '.?m;i .1 nmil &0c and $1.00.
WILLIAMS MfO. CO., Props.. Cleveland. Ohio
LACRHNS DR?ti v 0.
Laurens, 8. C.
OVER 6S YEARS'
' 'AUW ,
i Fl a de marks
Anyone ?andlntf n Mtol rh nu.l ilonri intlon m?y
(jnlckly a?ot<riMiii our opinion froo whether no
Invention 11 prohnl.ly pilcntnhln. Cniiiinnnlra
llorwstrinljraoiiOdeutliil. HANDBOOK onratenia
foot frco. (/Meat Htfetiny for nn. ;/ palnoM.
t'ulnola takun throinrli Miiim A Co. rvculvo
?pe. i i< notier, without Clinrgo, In (lit)
A handsomely HlnatrMrd weekly. Ijir?eat elr
dilution of any acluotlU? Journal, 'forma. I I a
your; four luotillia, IL Bol4 by all nawadcnlara.
MUHN & Co^01Bfo,d^ New York
Branch Omca. Ott r St.. Waahlngtoti. D. C.