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ADVERTISER PRINTING COMPANY
Laurens? S. C.
ALISON LEE President
W. G. LANCASTER vlce-Pres.
ARrTHUR LEE Sec. and Treas.
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LAURENS, 8. Cn APRIL 30, 1013.
The Adrertiser will he glad to
receive the local news of all the
communities in the county. Cor
respondents arc requested to
sign their mimes to the contri
butions.. Letters should not be
mailed later than Monday morn
The Greenville News says that the
Greenville Horse Show Association
has now become a "stable" organiza
tion. Why not make it a "stock" com
? * ?
Garland Ould might operate a train
from here to Columbia via the inter
urban, Greenville, Laurens, Little
Mountain and Ballentino, returning
same way.?Anderson Daily Mail. This
whole problem of a better schedule
between Anderson and Columbia would
be solved if an Interurban connection
were made between Belton and Lau
rens. This would reduce the running
time between Anderson and Columbia
at loast two hours.
? ? ?
Indications from all over the south
are that a large acreage In cotton will
be planted and that the season so far
has been more favorable than last.
With this knowledge at hand, it seems
to us that now Is the time to begin
organizing to marke: the crop In the
fall. It will be too lute to organize
after the crop begins to come upon the
market. In the meantime, wise farm
ers will be planting something else
than cotton hi order to have something
to fall back on in the fall while Uie
price is low.
? ? ?
While we have "o desire to, refer
to any section of the* county as be
ing the most lawless, we *vill correct j
the Impression made by The Fountain
Inn Tribune that the lower portion of
Laurens county Is morcBO than the up
per. At the time that this is written
there are fourteen prisoners In the
county Jail and of this number seven
are from Dials and Youngs town.dups,
four from Laurens township and three
from all other sections of the county.
Thus one half of all the prisoners in
the county jail at present are from
two townships within the area want
ed In the proposed new county. While
these figures were taken from ihe rec
ords in the sheriff's ofllce without ex
amining the records of any previous
month, we are informed by the court
Officials that the charge that the lower
portion of the county is more lawless
than the upper is without foundation
? ? ?
We have no patience \vith those
from within our own state who are
always crying "Poor Old South Caro
lina" and thos-i from without who are
gratuitously offering us pity. While
it Is too true that some have come to
occupy the high positions of honor
and trust whom we do not recognize
as represenallves of the highest and
sohlest among the people of the state
and while our progress at home and
reputation abroad have suffered con
siderably thereby, still the state hasn't
yet gone to the bad. The temporary
setback will servo to emphasize the
fact that even before this we have not
kept abreast with the times in many
things and this realization is bound to
give such an impetus to progressive
legislation in the future that our ad
vancement will be ho great as to make
Up for tho temporary backwardness
of the presentt Bleaselsm win then ap
pear not only a.s a necessary misfor
tune but even as a blessing in disguise.
? ? ?
THE THREE MILL TAX.
Without any reference to the mo
tives of The Advertiser or The Foun
tain Inn Tribune in the discussion of
the proposed new county question and
Without bothering ourselves about re
plying to some little more or less per
sonal remarks indulged in by The
Tribune, whteh we do not consider of
sufficient weight to bother ourselves
about, we will direct the attention of
our readers in the upper portion of
Laurens county to a certain phase of
the new county proposition* which has
btftn very prominently, if Inaccurate
ly, brought before thorn by The Tri
bune. We refer to the question of
the three mill tax for school purposes.
The Tribune has on several occa
sions introduced the question of this
three mill constitutional tax. At one
time it asked the following question to
the people of that portion of laurens
county now sought by Fountain Inn:
"Are you satisfied to keep on paying
out your good money to help support
schools In the poor districts, or do you
want to become a part of a new county
that is practically all garden spot,
and thereafter get a t'ollar's worth of
value for a dollar spent in taxes"?
The Tribune therein implied that the
upper portion of Laurens county is
now paying out by way of this three
mill tax more money than it receives
in return and that the lower portion
of Laurens county benefits at the ex
pense of the upper. We will not
charge The Tribune with wilful mis
representation In this matter, for we
believe that it is so engrossed In Its
own arguments that it has forgotten
to examine into those of others. We
will merely lay the misrepresentation
to the credit of ignorance of the true
facts in the case and proceed to pre
sent those facts.
For this purpose it Is necessary to
choose some units from which to se
cure figures on which to base any
conclusions. As the figures in the
county books are made up by town
ships our figures will be based on the
same. Dials township, though It is
the only township in the contested
territory with a railroad In it, Is tak
en as representative of that territory.
As Laurens and Hunter pay the bulk
of the taxes in the county at preseut
and as both of them lie wholly with
out the proposed new county, we will
take them as representative of the
lower section of the county. They
are not, however, really representa
tive for they are the richest town
ships in the county.
The total taxable property in Lau
rens and Hunter townships is $4,042,
000 and the three mill tax on this Is
$12.12t). Of this $12,12?> these two
townships receive $C,22S. They, there
fore, contribute to the. other town
ships of the county the sum of $5,898.
The total taxable property in Dials
township Is $097,000. The ^iree mill
tax on this Is $1,791. Instead of not
getting all of this, as The Tribune
would have us believe, it receives
$2,181, which is about 22 per cent
more than she contributes by this tax.
The conclusions are inevitable.
Since Laurens and Hunter townships
pay out more than they receive In
return and since Dials pays out less
than it receives In return, then Hun
ter and Laurens contribute to the de
ficiency in Dials. While we have not
examined the figures as to Youngs and
Sullivan, it is safe to presume that the
same conclusions apply to those town
ships, only with added force because
of the absence of any railroad or
large town. Thus the fallacy as to
the three mill tax is exploded. Since
The Tribune has "weighed" its words
so carelessly on this phase of the new
county question. It is natural to fear
less it has been equally careless as to
In considering the other phases of
the tax question, the people of the up
per part of Laurens county doubtless
bear in mind the fact that the cotton
-factories and railroads in the lower
part of the county pay upon almost as
! much taxable property as Is contain
ed In the entire proposed county. The
time has passed In South Carolina
when the farmers pay the tax that
supports the government. The cities,
factories and railroads are now the
principal tax producers in these days |
and times. We hardly think that the
people of the upper part of this coun
ty are guileless enough to be lead!
to think otherwise.
MONEY FOR COLLEGE
I".mi of Enthusiastic Campaign Sees
$7r>,000 Mark Renched.
Charleston, April 26.?Succosss
crowned the medical college campaign
today when the totals were shown to
have aggregated something over $800
more than the $75,000, which was the
goal fixed by the'team workers at the
start. It was Ineeed a whirlwind
campaign that the doctors and other
Workers put In day, and the last
luncheon was ns enthusiastic as the
first with everybody feeling better
than the enmpnign was so auspicious
ly opened last Monday. A number of
the team workers doubled or added
to their contributions, as the reports
showed exactly what was lackln In
making good the amount of money
that Is needed. George W. Williams
was among those who increased his
contribution, liaising his offering from
$500 to $1,000. Tho doctors and
workers generally are very jubilant
over the results, insuring an adequate
fund with which to build a new col
lego on a final site, donated by the
city of Charleston, opposite the Roper
hospital, where the clinics flre gen
? "Hillside and the New County" *
? By P. L. Weathers. ?
Hillside. April 29.?The most of the
voters are In favor of this New County.
Some of the voters are greatly oppos
ed to any such thing as a new county,
and here are some of the cbief rea
sons that are being put ' forward by
them. First, the opposition says that
if this new county is voted in, taxes
are bound to take a skyward leap.
The opposition says that the territory
included in the county survey hasn't
enough big corporations such as cot
ton mills, and other manufactories,
from which to draw enough reasonable
taxation to pay the officers salaries.
Second, the opposition says that
Fountain Inn county could not support
its school system and pay its officers
salaries with out adding considerable
extra tax above the Greenville or
Laurens rate. Third, they believe that,
if this new county proposition proves
successful In the primary, it certainly
could not keep in good repair its
country roads, for, they say that there
would not be enough criminal cuses In
a court at Fountain Inn to give the
county enough convicts to work its
roads. Now I propose, in this article,
to answer their arguments in a fair,
straiRht-forward way, only wishing to
do justice to all, and to give offence to
none. InJ my honest opinion I do not
believe that this new county (If voted
In) would raise the taxes at all. I be
lieve that they would start on the de
crease instead of the Increase. There
Is enough taxible property in this pro
posed territory to Insure a low taxa
tion necessary to piloting a county gov
ernment at Fountain Inn. Greenville
county has scores of officers that re
ceive handsome salaries, and the tax
payers pay them! Fountain Inn county
would need only a few officers?hence,
only a small amount of money would
he necessary to pay them. That means
In regard to the up-keep of the
county roads. Fountain Inn county
OOUld, very easily, keep them in as
good condition as at present. Right
here in Hillside there are places in
the road, that are almost impassable.
Would a new county do worse? If it
did wo would have the pleasure of
The citizens of Fountain Inn have
raised by subscription some $21,000
to build the courthouse and jail. That
amount is not to come from the hands
of the taxpayers after the county is
voted-in. The citizens of Fountain
Inn Cheerfully give the $21,000. It is
said that Greenville county has, at
present an inedhtedness of $100,000.
Its taxpayers must help pay it'.
GreenvlHe city wants a new court
house. An election will probably be
held this summer for that purpose.
If It's voted In It will mean an in
debtedness of $."?00,000?one half mil
lion dollars! And the Greenville
county taxpayers must stand back of
Now, Mr. Voter, don't you think that
Fountain Inn county, without an In
debtedness, would mean lower taxes
to you? Think well and look good be
fore you jump. Sometimes it doesn't
pay to make "a leap in the dark."
Some people are opposed to It just
because it's a "new" thing. But, you
very well know, all these other coun
ties were new once upon a time.
Now Mr. Voter be real sure you
know what you are uolng before you
vote against this now county proposi
tion. If this new county Is secured It
will open up a great ''buying and
selling" market at Fountain Tnn. That,
alone, would mean a great advantage,
a great opportunity, to the farming
class of people, and the consumers as
well. Think seriously; judge fairly?
then cast your vote for that which,
you think and believe, in your honest
opinion, would help South Carolina
on the road to real progresslveness!
Attended Bonrd Meeting.
Dr. R. E. Hughes returned last
night from Columbia, where he had
been in attendance upon the meeting
of the board of trustees of the South
Car. na Medical college. The board
ha?. ,eforo it the business of electing
officers. There were a large number
of names placed before the board for
the different places and considerable
spirit was exhibited In the elections
which followed, but Dr. Hughes stat
ed that he was particularly struck by
the desire, evident on the part of all
the members of the board, to do the
very best that they know how to se
lect those men most fitted for tho
places. A very commendlble spirit of
sacrifice and co-operation pervaded
the meeting, all the trustees being
deeply Interested in the future success
of the college.
Caught at Ware Shoals.
A. ts, Dysons, a white man wanted
by the officers of Rlchland county,
was apprehended at Waro Shoals
Thursday by Sheriff Ow1ngs% and Ru
ral Bolicema.- Sullivan. He was
brought here and placed in the county
jail until Sheriff McCain could come
up to carry him to Columbia.
TO MOVE CHICORA
Resolution Passed at Piedmont Pres*
bytery Recommending the Removal
of the College from Greenville to
The following story appeared in the
Greenville Piedmont last Thursday
which will be read with interest here
because of the campaign waged by this
city last spring to secure Chicora Col
Greenville people who had hoped
that the question of removing Chicora
College from this city had been finally
and definitely settled in the negative
will regret to learn that there seems,
to be some agitation still going on for
the removal of the institution. At the
regular meeting of Piedmont presby
tery in Westminster last week a reso-l
lution was adopted the suggesting that
the board of trusteees consider the re
moval of the college to Clinton to a|
site contiguous to the Presbyterian
Collego of South Carolina. This reso
' lution was totally unexpected and
comes as a very great surprise to
the friends of Chicora in Greenville.
It was not passed without a debate,
former Solicitor Julius B. Boggs and
others putting up a vigorous fight in
behalf of Greenville.
The resolution passed by the pres
bytery is as follows:
"That Piedmont Presbytery sug
gest to the board of trustees of Chico
ra College to consider the removal
of Chicora College to Clinton to a]
site contiguous to the Presbyterian j
College of South Carolina."
The Tugaloo Tribune, printed at
Westminster, comments as follows in
Its this week's issue on the effort to!
remove the college:
"The Presbyteries that control
Chicora College will never find a pret
tier location for that institution of
learning than Greenville. As the Hon. \
Julius E. Boggs says, there is plenty
of room to build it toward the sky."
If another effort is made now to re
move Chicora it will be the third with
in a couple of years. Two unsuccess
ful efforts were made last year by
Laurens to secure the college. Just
what prompted the action on the part
of the Piedmont Presbytery Is not
Rev. Dr. T. W. Sloan, pastor of the
First Presbyterian church when ask
ed concerning the action of the Pied-!
mont Presbytery said that he knesv
It was coming; that last fall a mem
ber of the Presbytery had told him
that while he would oppose removing
the institution to Laurens lie would
favor its removal to Clinton and that
i he would Introduce a resolution at the
spring meeting suggesting the same to
Dr. Sloan Is of the opinion that the
matter willl die right where it is and
that no further effort will be made to
move the institution.
Mt. Olive. April 28.?Rev. W. II. Wa
ters filled his regular appointment
here Sunday. He was greeted by a
large and attentive congregation.
Mr.Jones Washington" of Pelzor, and
Master Manning Bolt, of Piedmont:
visited here Saturday,and Sunday.
Our young people enjoyed a party
at Mr. F. B. Boland's Saturday night
Mrs. Amanda Redden spent several
days last week with Mrs. N. E. Cooper
Mr. Joe South was the guest of his
sister, Mrs. X. E. Cooper Saturday and
Mr. and Mrs. Mahon of the Rabun
section visited -datives here Sunday.
Mr. and 7\ Thad Crawford of
Brewerton were visitors hero Sun
Mrs. Minerva Hill, who has been
real sick for some time, has about
Misses Myra and Lucy and Master
Herman Balentlne, and the Misses
Reeves and Mr. Claud Reeves, of
Ware Shoals were the guests of Mr.
and Mrs. F. B. Boland Saturday and
Mr. Ben Martin of Mt. Gallagher
was the guest of Mr. Gco. Washing
Miss Alta Martin and brothers,
Messrs El He, Lee and Albert, were
the guests of their sister, Mrs. Geo.
Culbertson, Sunday. ,
Mr. Roy Culbertson, of Ekom, at
tended preaching here Sunday.
Mr. G. C. Boland, accompanied by
his friend Mr. Casey, visited home
folks here, Saturday and Sunday.
PASSED CREDITABLE INSPECTION
Trnynham' Guards Inspected by Gen.
Moore and Army Officer Friday.
The Traynham Guards, Capt. W. R.
Rlchey, Jr., were Inspected by Adj.
Gen. W. W. Moore and an officer from
the II. S. army Friday. The boys were
put through all the gaits and were
found to measure up to the best com
panies in the state. The official re
port to the government was not given
out, but the officers spoke very cont
pllmentarlly of the Laurens company.
8 STATE PRESS COMMENT. 8
The day of the old field school may
have been the best, but when we
think of what Laurens county schools
did last week, it mukt-a us proud of
today.?Anderson Dally Mall.
The Laurens Advertiser, in Its last
issue, sought, by implication, to leave
the impression upon the minds of its
readers that Fountain Inn county
would not be able to pay its superin
tendent of education a salary greater
than $200 the year. The Advertiser's
point, of course, was that $200" would
not hire a man capable of handling the
job?a fact that no one will wish to
Since men first began to have dif
ferences of opinion and to argue ques
tions, it has been a favorite device of
political demagogues and insincere
writers to establish a false premise,
and, reasoning truly from that false
start, to produce an effect of truth In
It is a device no longer used among
Intelligent people, for it is so palpa
The Advertiser, in usiug it, mani
fests a low regard for the brain power
of its reading public.
It is worse than ridiculous to as
sume that Fountain Inn county will
be Enable to pay reasonable salaries.
Dillon, Calhoun, Greenwood, Jas
per. Cherokee and Snluda counties are
new and small. Each of them has a
competent superintendent of educa
tion, no less able than the one em-t
ployed In Laurons county.
Cherokee county is smaller than
Fountain Inn County will be. More
over, it contains much waste land. Yet
It's school system is equal to that of
Laurens county, and i'.s taxes no
The Advertiser should deal fairly
with its readers.?Fountain Inn Tri
The result of the Laurens county
educational fair shows the good ef
fect of training a county superinten
dent and keeping him in office. If
Anderson county's superintendent
makes good he should be kept in of
fice awhile.?Anderson Daily Mail.
The Laurens Advertiser is mistaken
in its assertion that the Tribune takes
itself too seriously. The Tribune takes
Itself and all the rest of the world,
including the Laurens Advertiser and
its editor, as a good deal of a joke.
The Advertiser is mistaken again in
its fear that the Tribune Is mad at it.
The Tribune is not mad, most noble
Festus. The Advertiser's editor has
1 either read these columns very little,
or has read them to little purpose, If
he believes the Tribune has a fierce
and horrific temper.
True, the Tribune occasionally los
es patience with the perverse ignor
ance of the genus homo Carolinus, and
sometimes grows Indignant over such
things as a one-horse, single-cylinder
governor driving out an educator like
Dr. Mitchell, but the even tenor of Us
way Is seldom disturbed by the wit of
The * Advertiser's little fling con
cerning the $20,000 court house fund
was really not worth commenting up
on. Hut the spirit , of It was so sur
prising, so unlike the Advertiser, that
an explanation seemed necessary.
The Advertiser, While not especial
ly deep or brilliant, has always seem
ed rather sane, and conservatively
fair. With the exception of its pa
tent medicine ads, it sounds a little
higher tone than the average country
newspaper, and I have come to have
considerable confidence in it.
My surprise was therefore genu
ine when, its editorial columns be
gan to show a spirit of jealous pique.
The editor of the Advertiser Is suf
ficiently intelligent to know that the
formation of a new county will work
to the ultimate good of the people of
thv, northern part of Laurens county,
both In the matter of taxes and romls.
Knowing this, as ho undoubtedly
does know it, by what queer course
of reasoning can he salvo his con
science when he attempts to deceive
Is It not a duty one owes to his read
ers to toll the truth, no matter what
the personal desires or ambitions of
the publisher? Do not the ethics of!
tlenn journalism demand that the good
of the public be placed above the good
of the publisher's purse?
The Advertiser announces that It
will later have "something to say"
concerning the proposed new county.
Very well. Nothing could please
Fountain Inn people better?provided
the Advertiser discusses the matter In
a fair, man's-slze way, and tells only
the truth. The more truth, the more
But the Advertiser's attempt, last
week, to leave the impression that
Fountain Inn county would be unable
to pay more than $200 the year to Its
superintendent of education, Is not tho
sort of thing to Inspire confidence in
I shall await the Advertiser's dis
cussion with some trepidation, for that
paper has become carcfless In the
weighing of its words.
"This Happened in ms."
South Carolina's all-Democratic
Legislature needs no brakes wheu it
starts out to enact human-welfare
laws. During its recent session Rep
resentative E. P. McCravey introduced
what in the Palme'to State was called
a compulsory education bill. In Rs,
original form the bill provided that
children between the ages of eight and
thirteen should be sent to the public
schools during the legal term, or the
equivalent in private schools, "unless
the labor of Baid children was nec
e?sary to their support." Anticipating
strong opposition from legislators
representing the manufacturing dis
tricts and some rural counties where
education is regarded as one of the
devil's artifices, Mr. McCravey Insert
ed a "local-option" clause. The pro
posed law was not to take effect in
any county until after it was referred
to the voters and approved by a ma
jority; and in case a county as a
unit favored the measure, but single
precincts did not, the opposition pre
cincts should be exempted. In that
form the bill was about as near no
bill at all as any cotton-mill owner
could have wished for, but we have
not told more than half the story. Be
fore being finally passed upon, the
bill had to go through the hands of a
conference committee of Senators and
Representatives. !The age limit in
the State's child-labor law was twelve
years, and the committee promptly
substituted "twelve" for "thirteen" in
the McCravey bill. The original mea
sure called for too much schooling to
suit the conferees, and they revised
the time limit down to three months.
But even then the bill met with strong
opposition from some quarters, and as
a compromise the committee exemped
Abbeville and Oconee counties and
the Spartanburg school district in
Spartanburg county. After the bill
had been rendered practically mean-^
ingless, tiie House and Senate passed
it, but not without hearing it bitter
ly assailed. Representative E. L.
Lybrand, a preacher by profession,
"I believe compulsory education is
against the fundamental principles of
our American democratic institutions."
This happened In the United States
in the year 1913! Representative C. D.
Fortner, an Insurance agent, objected
because he "believed all men should
have a right to control their own
children." The bill found Governor
Blease ready with his ax. He said in
his veto message:
"In the stump I opposed compulsory
education. I promised there .to veto
any bill lit regard to It, and I have al
ways stood upon the platform on
which I was elected."
And the Senate sustained the veto.
Bleaseism hinders enlightenment, and
ignorance fosters Bleaseism. The rest
of the country pities you, South Caro
Some Fine Pictures. .
Manager Lavender has scheduled for
tonight, Wednesday, two exceedingly
fine pictures. One is an excellent
PatHe picture and the other a thrilling
railroad story entitled "A Desperate
Chance." > .
I SPECIAL NOTICES.
Lost?Friday, an Amethyst stick-pin
heart shaped, set in gold and hinged
at top, between Bank of Lauretta aajQ
residence of Dr. Alken'. ' Reward if
left at this office. ,|G-tf
Hay for Sale?Twenty tons nice
meadow hay at $18.00 per ton F. O
B. Cross Hill, & C. Apply to J. C. Hill
Cross Hill, S. C. 40-2t-pd
For Sale?200 bushels sound white
corn and 2000 bundles fodder. Apply
to A. Carl Fuller, Laurens, S. C, R.
F. D. No. 6. 40-lt-pd
For Sale?A splendid work mule of
. .good size nnd sound as a dollar, will
sell cheap for cash or good paper. E.
B. Machen. 40-lt
For Sale?We have a mule to sell
cheap. Hudens & Roper. 40-2t
Lumber for Snle Sills, sleepers,
joists, plates. 2x4s, 3-4 inch plank..
Prlco $1.25 at the mill, 2 miles from
the public square. Apply to H. Y.
Simpson, Laurens, S. C. 39-2t
Corsets?Graceful slendor lines, por
fect corset comfort. Stout figures
made beautiful. The Leading Lady
Corset?tailored* to measure. Mrs.
Shepard, at Terry's store. 3C-5t
For Snle?5-passenger Touring car,
fine running shape, good tires Will
sell for $250.00 cash or on good nego
tiable papers. Bargain for quick
buyer. Address Box 206, Laurons, B.
Byrdvllle Dairy and Stock* Farm
Jack is ready for 'service. See the
colts that won prizes at the County
Fair. \V. D. Byrd & Son, R. F. D: 3,
telephone No. 10, Laurens, S. C.
Pens, Peos, Peas?For sale, prlco
and sample sent on ??Application.
Hattaway & Co., Spartanburg, S. C.