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Answers Letter of W. ?L Hr>nn as to
Anti-Allen Land Hill in California.
jSacromcuto, Cut., May 14. Bxpross
iug Iiis determination to sIku the
alien land bill recently passed by the
legislature, (lov. Hiram W. Johnson
uf California today telegraphed to Sec
retary Bryan of the state dopnrtmnt
a long rxplanotlon of the action taken
hy the legislature. Tho message was
In answer to the request telegraphed
to the governor by Secretary Bryan
at the direction of President Wilson
I hot the bill be vetoed.
The governor's message follows:
"Hon. William .1. Bryan,
"Secretary of State,
"Washington, I). C.
"Your very courteous telegram re
lating to the alien land bill reached
me late Sunday night. I take it from
our conversations and your request
made to me to withhold executive ac
tion until opportunity was accorded
for presentations from the federal
government, that your message em
bodies what it was your wish and the
wish of the president to say to us
before final action.
"In this response it Ib my design
most respectfully to present the sit
uation form our standpoint and the
views that actuated our legislature
in passing the bill und that impel me
lo sanction it.
A Local Problem.
"'For many years a very grave prob
lem, little understod in the East,
confronted California, a problem the
seriousness of which has been recog
nized by statesmen In our nation and
lias been viewed with apprehension r?\
the people of this State. When tho
present constitution of California was
adopted more than 30 years ago, it
contained the following declaration:
"The presence of foreigners ine ligible
to become citizens of tho Unletd
States is declared to be dangerous to
the well being of the State and tho
legislature shall discourage their im
migration by all means within its
"Of late" years our problem from
another angle has become acute und
the agitation has been continuous in
the last docade in reference to our
agricultural lands, until finally af
firmative action in an attempted so
m um become imperative. This at
tempted solution is found in tho ac
tion of our legislature in the proposed
alien land bill. In the phraseology
of this bill, in those whom it affects
in Us scope and in its purpose, WO
our moral rights and that we are do
ing only what is imperatively demand
ed for the protection and preservation
of our State. In the enactment we have
kept ever in mind our national good
faith as evidenced by existing treaties;
and our desire and anxiety have been
?to act only in such fashion as would
commend us to our sister States and
would justify us to our fellow country
The Two ('rounds.
"The objections to our bill are
based, first upon the treaty obliga
tions of the nation, and secondly,
uiK>n the assertion that our aim is of
fensive and discriminatory. The pro
test to our measure, as your telegram
. states, comes from the representative
of Japan. The bill that Is now before
mo provides substantially in its first
section that ail aliens eligible to citi
zenship under the laws of the United
States may acquire real property In
tho same manner as citizens of the
United States and the second section
wovidos that all aliens other than
those mentioned in the first section
may acquire real property in the man
ner and to the extent and for the
purpose prescribed by any treaty now
existing between the government of
the United States and tho nation or
country or subjects and may. in ad
dition, lease for a period of three
years lands for agricultural purpose.
"Thus we have made existing troat
ies a part of our law and thus we have
preserved every right that any for
eign nation by Internatlonnl contract
has insisted upon preserving with our
"The treaty of 1011 with Japan,
in reference to the citizens and sub
jects of each country, provides that
they shall have ?liberty to own1 or
lease, or occupy houses, manufactur
ies, warehouses and shops; to employ
agents of their choice, to lease land
for residential and commercial pur
poses and generally to do anything
incident to or necessary for, trade
upon the same terms as native citi
zens or subjects, submitting them
selves to the laws and regulations
( "We assume that the right of
Japanese to own real property for
tho purpose described is absolute in
our State and we seek to deal only
with our agricultural lands. We em
body the treaty In our law ant! wo,
add to jt permission to lease our ag
ricultural lands for the period of
"Where such extraordinary care has
been exercised to preserve honor and
-ood. faith, in the very words of tho
contract made by the protesting na
tion with our own and to do more by
authorizing leases of agricultural
lands, it would seem that wo ought
not to be open to any accusation of
violation of treaty rights or of de-|
sire to trench upon that which be-!
longs alone to the national govern
ment, or which might become a mat
ter of international policy.
"By the law adopted we offer no of
fense; wo make no discriminations.
The offense and discrimination Is con
tained, it is claimed, in the use of the
words 'eligible to citizenship,' and In
making a distinction between those
who are cliglhle to citizenship and
those who are not. We do not men
tion the Japanese or any particular
race. The constitution of California
in 1879 made its distinction and there
never has been protest or objection.
The naturalization laws of the United
States long since, without demur from
any nation, termed who were and
Who were not eligible to citizenship.
If invidious discrimination ever were
made in this regard, the United States
made it when the United States de
clared who were and who were not
eligible to Citizenship and when we
but follow and depend upon the stat
utes of the Unltod S-tates and their
determination as to eligibility to citi
zenship. WO can not be accused of
indulging in invidious discrimination.
May I venture to call to your atten
tion the Immigration law now pend
ing In congress, which passed both
houses of the last congress, where ap
parently classes who shall be excluded
from our country are described as
'persons who can not become eligible
under existing laws to become citi
zens of the United States.'
The Two Sides.
"At this monent the national leg
islature, without protest or objection,
Indeed, it is published in California,
by express consent, is using the terms
that are claimed In California's laws
to he offensive and discriminatory.
"At least three States in the Union
have 111 the past enacted laws similar
to the contemplated law of California
and the enactments Of those other
States have been without objection or
protest. That the protest Is now made
in respect to California but empha
sizes the acuteness of the problem
confronting California and demon
strates that California Is differently
viewed than other States of the Union
and that If discrimination exists it 1?
discrimination against California.
"We Insist that justly no offense
can be taken by any nation to this
law and more particularly does this
seem to us clear In the instance of a
nation like Japan, that by its own
law prevents acquisition' of land by
aliens. It is most respectfully sub
mlted that, after all, the question is
not whether any offense has been tak
en, whether justly It should have
been taken. I voice. I think, the sen
timent of a majority of the legisla
ture of this State, when T say that If
it had been helirv vj tha: oltonw could
justly he taken by any nation to the
proposed law. that law would not
have been enacted.
Violated No Rights.
"We of California bdtleve firmly
that In our legislative dealings with
tltis alien land question we have vio
lated absolutely no treaty rights. We
have shown no discrimination, we
have given to no nation the right to
be justified in taking offense. So l>e
1 loving, with a strbng reliance on the
justice and the righteousness of our
cause, and with due deference and
courtesy and with proper considera
tion for the feelings and the views of
othesr, wo had hoped the authorities
at Washington would have seen the
question ns we In this State have been
forced to see It, ns we must see It
or be blind.
"As so, with all respect the courtesy
the State of California feels its
botindcn duty to its citizens to do thnt
which the Interests of Its people de
mand; that which the conscience of
Its people approves; that which vio
lates no treaty rights; that which pre
sents no discrimination and that
which 'con give no Just causo of of
"You have suggested to me delay,
i but this question was very earnestly
, and fully presented by you to our
legislature und the legislature de
termined to proceed. My province Is
to approve or to disapprove the law
as presented. Our people, as repre
sented In the legislature, have over
whelmingly expressed their desire for
the present alien land bill. The vote
in the senate was 35 to 2 and in the
assembly 72 to 3. With such unanim
ity of opinion, even did I hold other
views, I would feel it my duty to sign
the bill unless some absolutely con
trolling neceslsty demanded contrary
action. Apparently no such controll-]
ing necessity exists.
"it is with the highest respect for
yourself and the president that I feel
my duty to my State compels mo to
approve the action of the legislature.
(Signed) "Hiram Johnson.
"Governor of California."
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State of South Carolina, .
County of Laurens.
In Court of Common Pleas.
Enterprise Dank, Plaintiff,
Mary C. Sullivan and Thomas M.
Pursuant to a uecreo ot tho court
of Common Pleas In the above stated
case, I will sell at public outcry to
the highest bidder, at Laurens, C. H?
S. C. on Salesday in June next, being
Monday the 2nd day of the month,
during the legal hours for such sales,
the following described property to
All that lot, piece or parcel of land
lying being and situate in the City of
Laurens in County of Laurens, State
of S. 0.i containing two and fifteen
one hundredth* (2 l.r)-100) acres more
or less, known as Lot No. 2 of Mary
C. Sullivan property as sold by John
F. Dolt C. C. C. P. on salesday in Nov..
1009 and bounded on the north by Lot
No. 1 of said Sullivan Property, on
the Bast by lot. of Haley Owens, on
South by lot No. 3 of said Sullivan
property, on the "West by. Sullivan
street, and being the lot conveyed to
me bv L. O. Dalle Jr. and to him by
J. F. Bolt C. C. C. P. ou Nov. 1, 1009,
recorded in book 19, page 75.
Terms of sale: jeush. Purchaser to
pay for papers-^Tf tho terms of sale
are not opnmHcd with, the land to bei*
re.-.old :!!!,<:'.!!!" or some subsequent '
SalesdayVon same terms, at risk of
C. A. POWER,
C. C. C. P. & Q. S.,
Dated May 9, 1913. Laurens, S. C.
Citation for Letters of Administration
State of South Carolina,
County of Laurens.
By O. G. Thompson, Probate Judge:
Wliereos A. H. Set/.ler made suit
to me, to grant him Letters of Ad
ministration of the Estate and effects
of w. H; Ball,
These are therefore to cite and ad
monish all and singular the Kindred
and Creditors of the said W. H. Ball
deceased, that they be and appear be
fore me, In the Court of Probote., to
be held at Laurens Court House, Lau
rens. s. C, on the 4th day of June,
1013 next, after publication hereof, at
li o'clock in the forenoon, to allow
cause, if any they have, why the said
Administration should not be granted.
(liven under my hand this 16th day
of May Anno Domini 1913.
O. G. Thompson,
13-2t J. P. L. C.
SCHOLARSHIP nnd ENTRANCE
The examination for the award of
vacant scholarships In Winthrop Col
lege and for the admission of now stu
dents will be held at the County Court
House on Friday, July 4, at 9 a. m.
Applicants must be not less than six
teen years of age. When Scholarships
are vacant after July 4 they will bo
awarded to those making the highest
average at this examination, provided
they meet the conditions governing tho
award. Applicants for Scholarships
should write to President Johnson be
fore the examination for Scholarship
Scholarships are worth $100 and
free tuition. The next session will op
en September 17, 1913. For further in
formation and catalogue, address
Pres! D. B. Johnson, Rock Hill, S. C.
Condensed Passenger Schedules. '
Betwoon Greenville, Anderson and
Trains leave and arrive Greenville?
corner Main and Washington Streets.
Effectivo Sunday, January 12, 1913 aa
No/ T,rm? No. Time;
fcUg^S' 2-8:20 a.m.
f in ion 4-10:35 a.m.
5- 0:00a.m. 6-12:35 p. m>
\ An"?' 10- 4:15 P.m.
15- 4 55 p.m. 16--6:35 p.m.
JftZ I ?,:,P m- lg- 7 = 35 p.m.
Tickots on sale at G. S. & A Term!
nal Maifl Street. lerml
E THOMPSON, C. S. A?LWN
Oeneral Manager. Gen. Pass. Agt
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Cousrh and Headache and worV, o? .1 P^ ??
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