Newspaper Page Text
OtrN BY GRADES
Sentaor Smith = slajiStatement of
Value to -Fdar ests ln Clean
Ing Fibre. t
Washington,' Dne. d.-senator V. D.
.Siniith -toglay gaVe out the following
"At the last session of Congress 1
iutroduped an amendment to the agr
cultural appropriation bill, carrying an
appropriation of $46,000, for determin
Aug 'the relative value of the different
,grades of cotton; that is, what each
.grade is worth as conp)ared with ev
. ery other grade
"The -present method of determin
Ing the price of the different grades
is to compare each of them with the
middling grade. If middling, say, is
12 cents, strict low middling is so ima
ny 'points, or so much legs in prico,
than middling. Low middling Is still
lower, strict good ordinary still low
er, and good ordinary, of course, still
lower. Above middling, strict mid
dling is so many points higher, good
middling, strict imiddling, and mid
dling fair, aeh one higher as blie grade
Knowledge Was La'eknig.
"There was no definite knowledge
as to the real difference in the actual
value of these different grades. Some
times good ordinary would be 'as much
as fifteen or twenty dollars less per
bale .than middling. The fatrmiers are
entitled to know just what is the real
difference in the actual worth of these
grades. If good ordinary would make
as good yarn and bleach as well as
middling, and ,hence make as good
cloth as middling, there is no reason
why good ordinary should not bring
as much as middling; and if the yarn
and cloth made from middling were
as good as those Imade from middling
fair, there is no reason why middling
should not bring ats good price as mid
A "Now the only elements by which
the grades have been determined were
color and trash, or what we call 'for
eign matter," that is, other things
such as trash and leaf in the cotton.
The claim has been made that the
fibre itself of the lower grades when
cleaned of this foreign matter was
not as valuable as that of the higher
grades. ' This element, that is the
atrength of the fibre, is now being
tested. When completed I shall have
something to say in reference to that.
Loss Carefully Computed.
"Up to the present the amount of
loss in the different grades, by taking
out trash, and the consequent loss
in weight of the different grades, has
been completed. The department has
had a careful test mnade to see how
much loss there is in cleaning a bale
of each grade--that Is, a bale each
of middling fair, good middling, mid
dling, low middling, good ordinary.
The amount of loss in middling fair
was 3.20 per cent, good middling 3.34
per cent, middling 5.02 per cent, low
middling 6.69 per cent, and good ordi
nary 12.04 per cent. Middling is the
basis of coipa risen. The prVice -paid
on our platforms is based on middling.
Therefore, if the waste from the dif
ferent grade8 was all that determined
the value of the different grades, good
ordinary would be worth as much less
as the amount of loss was greater
than milddlinmg. Now the difference
between the loss is good ordinary and
lin. middling is the differ'ence between
5,02 per cent and 12.04 percent; there
lore, thme difference would be 7.02 per~
cent. That is, there la 7.02 pound~s
more per 'hundred lost by virtue of
trash and waste out of a bale of good
ordinary than .there is out of a bale
of middling. Expressed in pounds
there wouIld -be thirty-five pounds
more loht out of a bale of good ordi.
more lost out of a bale of good ordi
of middling. Themrefore, the value of
that bale of good ordlinary would be
worth the value of the bale of mId
dling loss thirty-five ipounds. If mid
dlIng Is wvorth 13'cents, good ordinary
shiould be worth 13 cents, less thirty
five pounds, or about $4i.50 per~ bale
The Actual Loss Only.
"Nowv, in place .of there beIng an
erbitrary reduction on the part of the
trade of from 1 1-2 cents to 3 cents
-per pound--the difference between
middliing and good ordinary-there
should only be the redluction of the ac
tual loss which I have indlicated pre
"Now, in- addition to this, they are
taking this waste, whichm consists of
short fibre and other fibre lest in the
manu factumring processes, and detenm
inIng its value and as far 'as they
have gone they find practically no dif
ference in the commercial value .of
the waste obtained from .the several
grades. Therefore, if that be true,
the difforence 'between the good or
dinary anid the middlinki will ultimate
ly be, not the difference entirely in
the ,loss, but the' difference in the loss
less the value per pound of the waste.
gif the thirtyafrve . pdlunds dt waste
from a bale of good ordinary is worth
.say 5 cents ver 'pound, then -thIs$1
must be subtracted. from the $4.50.
ieoause this is the. excbss loss QOver
the loss from the bale of middling.
"Now, this same reasoning would
apply to all of the grades. Therefore,
when the test is completed, the cot
ton producer, the cotton seller, will
know exactly the roaltive value of
every grade of his cotton, and .not to
be dependent upon the buyer to tell
him. It would seem that it Would be
as foolish for us, because our cotton
happened to be a little off color and
trashy, to make a ridiculously low
price for it, as to sell a Tule for one
half price because he happened to
wallow in the mud. All the mule need
ed was to be properly curried, all the
cotton needed was to be properly
cleaned; and it seems as if the clean
ing of the cotton in -relation to the
value of the fibre is not much great
er than the cost of currying of the
mule is to the actual value of the
mule. As soon as the final mill test,
and the department i9 making tests
In different parts of the country, as
well as in Washington,. is completed,
there will be bulletins issued, set
ting forth all the facts foreshadowed
in this statement."-News and Courier
Beauty of Inequality.
The beauty as well as the happiness
of the unlvcrse requires Inequality.
Equal lines. smooth surfaces and eter
nal plains have no beauty. We must
have hill and dale, mountain and val
ley. sea and land, suns of all magni
tudes. worlds of all sizes, minds of all
dimensions and persons and faces of
divers casts and colors to constitute a
beautiful and happy world. We must
have sexes, conditions and circum
stances-empires. nations and families
-diversities in person. mind. manners.
in order to the communication and re
ception of happiness; hence our nu
merous and various wants are not only
incentives to action, but sources of
pleasure, both simple and complex
physical, intellectual and moral.-Alex
Made It Complete.
When Lablache, the famous operatic
singer, was presented to Queen Victo
ria, her majesty, who had heard of the
artist's hobby, asked if it was true that
he had a large collection of snuffboxes.
He replied that it was correct. He had
one for every day in the year-35.
"Nevertheless your collection is not
quite complete," was the queen's re
sponse. "Here is Another for leap
Spoiling a Compliment.
Jagson-I tried to pay the new wo
man a compliment last night in my
speech, but it didn't seem to be appre
ciated. Bagson-What did you say?
Jagson-l said that the new woman
would leave large footprints on the
sands of time.-London Answers.
One Way to Obey.
Her Dearest Friend-Do you really
obey Charley? Mrs. Newlywed-Cur
tainly. He tells me to please myself,
and I always do.-Judge.
Lovers' purses are tied with cobwebs.
A poet and a musician wrote a comic
opera. When it was firt performed it
was notIced that the music was very
"'Why (lid you write such strenuous
musle?" asked, a friend of the com
"You wouldn't ask that," the comn
poser' replied, "if you had read any of
those lyrics. I didn't want the audi
ence to hear them!"-Saturday Even
His Splendid WIsh.
"What are you thinking about,
"Oh. I was just wishing."
"What were you wishing, dear?"
"I was just wishing that my salary
was as big as we were tryIng to make
our friends think it must be."-Ohicago
Trainp-Good mnornin~g, lady.I
thought perhaps I might be able to get
a bIte here. Mrs. Snapp-Certainly not.
Tramp-Oh, then I sin laboring under
a mistake. Mrs. Snapp-it strikes me
you never labor under any circum
* His Ground.
He-Why are you going to marry that
old fossil? She-i loe the very ground
he walks on. IIe-i know, but isn't
there any other way of getting it?
Shorn and Dyed.
"Then you weren't always a black
"No, mum; I started my career as a
Wall street lainb."-Washington He
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