Newspaper Page Text
1 1. ' t. f r ?t.
12 PAGES. PART 2, PAGES 9 TO 12
VOLUME XXIX. LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1914. NUMBER 31
DR. ELEANOR SANDERS
Makes Tolling Recital of Incidents
Leading up to Asylum Investigation.
Regents had no Questions to Ask
Columbia, Feb. 20.-"I had no idea
that Gov. DBlease had written any let
ters. We talked of it quite late. I
thought of it all night. We went down
the next morning to the room. I had
read Gov. Blease's letters before I
went into the room and I thought they
were most unjust.
"And we went down to the meeting
and, of course, the harrowing circum
stances you already know. Of course
I remember quite a little of it. But
certain remarks and the reading of
those letters of course burned into
my whole being like burnished steel.
I felt that they were most unjust and
most untrue. And, in fact I contud
ered the remarks di' Dr. Griffin and
letters of Gov. Blease as slander.
"I tried vainly to show them that
day that what I had done was for
the hospital's good, and if they had
not objected previously, not given me
warning, that it was rather unfair
then not to give a chance to even
have an honorable discharge.
"I insister) to them that day that
I was not insisting on the retention of
the position; that I simply wanted a
clearing of the charg or even any in
sinuation of wrongdoing, morally or
'professionally, on my part."
Thus Eleanora 13. Saunders, M. D.,
the young woman physician at the
'State Hospital for the Insane yester
day spoke to the special legislative
committee that is investigating the
asylum. She was on the stand for
nearly two hours and in that time
demonstrated that she is one of the
most important parts of the State's
institution for the care of unfortu
nates. When she was making her dra
matice recital of the fight that has
been waged against her by the men
physicians and the governor of South
Carolina in connection with the asy
lum, tears came to her eyes for a
minute, but she quickly regained her
composure and proceeded ably to de
fend her position at every point. She
won the admiration of the large num
ber of spectators and when the hear
ing . was concluded, and even before,
when she would make telling points
in her defense the crowd cheered her.
Few questions were asked by mem
bers of the committee. Dr. Saun
ders spoke rapidly and had docu
ments .In the supreme court room to
prove her various statements. Ope
by one she dissected the various
charges made by the assistant physi.
clans. These were dissipated one by
Dr. aunders reviewed in detail her
'work at the asylum, showing that the
best systems for the benefit of the
patients have been installed in her do
partment She told the committee
very plainly that she loved her work,
that she lived for her work, that she
had no other interests in life than
the care of the insane whmie women
of South Carolina and that her great
ambition was to build up every- de
partbment of the State Hospital for the
Ipasano. Aho said that If she had tres
passed on the rights of other mem
bers/of thme medical staff, it was done
unconsciously and that whatever was.
done was for the benefit of the in
mates. She showed no malice toward
apy one and was not bitter in her
statements. She said that she wvas
merely making a plea for the vindi
cation of her moral and pirofessional
cha rac ter.
When she had conchirdedh her testi
mnony, Chairman .Mauldin of the com
mittee asked if any of ,the members
of the medical staff desired to cross
exaimine her.'- This question was -re
peated and the proceedings 'were halt
tAd afdr 'severai mintites. Not one re
sponse was received.
"Would yot like to makc a state
mont, .Dr. Carothers?" was the ques
tion addressiid to tl2 chaui'rman of the
board of regents by the committee.
"No," came the reply.
This ended the testimony of Dr.
Saunders. Many rifshed forward to
grasp her hand and congr'atulate her
upon the manner of her dlefense.
Following is in 'part the oficeial
stenographic report of the testimony
of Dr. Sauinders in part:
As I said, I did not ausk to remain.
I asked for exoneration. This they
did not gtrant nio. And I thousrht If
the governor did not intend to slan
der me, or if he did intend to slander
me, it was most unfair that he should
say it was for my best Interests to
cover it up and let it be at an end,
for I felt It was better for it to be in
the open. If there was'a scandal at
the hospital, that the woman phy
siciafi who had charge of 600 patients
was guilty of immoral conduct, she
would foster it in her nurses and pa
tients, and I vainly tried to tell them
that my efforts had been for the good
of the place, and I vainly tried to
tell them that I had done no wrong.
And I think it was most unfair for
them to ask me to quietly retire and
leave men who were not friendly to
tell the reasons why.
Prosecutor and Judge.
I felt then and I feel now that If
Gov. lilease had heard suflicient re
marks to justify his writing those let
ters that he wrote, that he should at
least have said what the remark
-was, from whence it. came, and if he
should think that it was suficient to
cause all of the decent women in the
.State hospital to retire, that he should
let mehave a further explanation.
I fela that it was rather unfair to
me that the governor should act both
as prosecutor and judge in my case.
And if the purpose of the meeting
was complaints andtiot charges, as
Dr. Carothers has said, then I wonder
why Mr. IDivens said: (Reads the Div
ens resolution finding that the charg
es were true and asking that she re
I felt to close the 'matter then
would be most unfair to me, to my
nurses and to my patients.
I felt then, just as I do now, that
the white woman nurse is the hos
pital's most valuable asset.
Not a Matter to hush Up.
I saw no reason why I should ac
cept the accusation that I was the rea
'son for the leaving of the institution
by all of the decent -women. I felt
that up to this time the patients' fam
ilies had had confidence in me, that
they had turned them over to my
care, and I was unwilling to have
anything occur to make them think
less of inc or to think mhe unworthy,
that is, without a fair trial, which I
feel that I did not get'.
I felt then, as I do now, that it was
the fairest thing for me, for my
nurses and for itiy pa'inmts, to have
the matter out in open public.
I was rather wounded to hear that
people would think that because I
cared for certain diseases that I aim
unwomanly. T feel that if vomen
have to suffer, it is nothing short of
humane for som to hiehm.
As I say, I regarded the letters
written by Gov. Illease and the re
marks of Dr. Grifin as an attack
upon my moral character and I was
not willing to allow a shadow to re
main on my character; hence I de
manded of the board of regents an in
vestigation that would clear my good
I felt they refused me an honor
able discharge. I felt that they had
net given nme a fair trial. Amnd I felt
it my duty to let them know at that
time, not wvait six months later and
tell them that I was not satistld with
Heeks (hdly Exoner'ation,
And I again insisted that I was not
contending theni, as I am not coni
tending now, for my retention, fog' my
position, as woman physician, at th~e
Starto hospital; but I anm contending
for my reputation. I want to say
now, as I tried to say then, that what
I did was foir the good of the patients,
in my own department first, in other
depar'tnments later, and I felt in so
doing that I have donle no0 more than
any other wVomlaa ni y place would
I want to repeat that I'am not coin
tendling for' retention of the position
which I have held for the last seven
years, lhut I am pleading for my vindi
cation and my exoneration.
Don't You Believe It.
Some say that chronie constipation
cannot be cured. Dj't you believe it.
Ohjumborlaln's Tab~ have cured oth
ers--whiy not, you G (ive them a trial.
They cost only a qiarter. For sale by
Noftice of' Dissolution.
The firm heretofore existIng by the
undersigned under the firm name omf
JT E.~ Minter' & Ilre., L~arens, S. C.
and Sedalia, S. C. is hi .rehy dlIssolvedI
'hy miuttal consent. Ii persons in
dlebtedl to J. l'. Mii - r & hire., Laui
ireng, fl. C. wvill plieWse make priompllt
settlemniit with M. P. M~Inter.
J. fM. Minter,
1ii. P, Minter.
January 22, 1914, 20.2t
* * * * * * * * * * * * e 0
* THE SOUTH--THE ELDORADO *
* OF AMERICAN ADVEN'T'URE. *
* By lichard H. Edmonds *
* Editor Manufacturers' Record. *
** " " " " " " " " " " " "e *
The sixteen Southern States have a
population of 33,000,000. In 1880 the
United FStates had a population of 50,
000,000. At that time, and very justly
so, the United States was regarded as
one of the greatest anQ( richest na
tions of the world. The South of to
day, with 33,000,000 people, is in many
respects very far ahead of the United
States of 1880, with 50,000,000.
The people of the South have $200,
000,000 more in individual deposits in
the banks and trust companies of this
section than the people of the United
States had in similar institution in
The South is mining almost t wice
as much coal as the United States
then nfined. lit is producing four
times as much petroleum, its output
last year having' been 100,000,000 bar
rels, against 26,000,000 barrels for the
United States in 1880.
The South has $700,000,000 more
capital invested in manufacturing than
the United States had in 1880, and the
value of its agricultural output ex
ceeds by some hundreds of millions of
dollars the total agricultural output
of the United States in 1880.
The South has far more capital in
v(:stel in cotton manufacturing than
the United States then had, and is
consuming in its own mills about
twice as much cotton as was then eon
suned in the mills of the country.
The value of exports from So'.thcrn
ports is only a few million dollars less
than the total export trade of the
United States in 1880.
The South expended last year upon
the maintenance of its public schools
$90,000,000k or $12,000,000 mor3 than
the United States with its 50,000,000
people expended upon I 'ublic educa
tion in I880.
Cernparisons of thin kind showing
how far ahead the South is in many
respects of the United State. in 1880
could be given almost. without limit.
These are soilicient to Indiente the
general situation. It is a little ditii
cult for us sometimes to quite grasp
the fact that in bank deposits, in in
dustrial pursuits and in agriculture
as well a; in public education the
South of today ranks so far ahead
of the United States in 1880. The
total 'wealth of the South of to
day is less than that of the United
States in 1880, because the South has
not yet had time to accumulate vast
wealth out of its achievements in in
dustry and agriculture of recent years.
It is, however, rapidly piling up
wealth, which, within the next few
years, will amaze the country by its
In studying the future of the South
and planning for financial and rail
road operations in connection there
with, it %ould be well for these facts
to be borne in mind. Blut these sta
tistics, amazing as they are, are not
half so interesting for the story they
tell of what has been done as for the
light they throw upon the future. Ev
cry careful student of the material
resources and development of the
South knows that this section, not
withstanding the progress madle, has
.4carcely begun its dIevelop~ment when
compared with .*e growth wvhich will
be seen within the next ten or fifteen
,years. All that has beeun (lone has
been really merely the clearing of the
land and the sowing of the seed for
the great harvest -which this section
is now prep~arinlg to real).
The South has only begun to util
ize its raw materials. It has only here
and there opened up its coal mines,
its marble andl granite quarries, and
its iron-making resources. .it has
only commenced within the last fewv
years to get back to -that agricultural
condition which existed prior to the
war, when there 'was a well-rounded
agricultural d!versity. It is only with
in the last few years that the Central
South, ,from Maryland to the Missis
811p1i river, has been raising as much
corn and like stock ns it did in 1860,
when the population of this section
was only one-third of wvhat it now is.
Fe)r forty years or more the South
was passing through a wildroness. Its
people hadl lost, by virtue of the war
the ability to carry on the well-round
Cd dliversnifed hagriculture which ex
isted prior to 1800. The capital -was
lacking for reviving the industria' ac
tivities which between 1850 ndr1 ~160
caused a nore rapid precentage of
growth in every line of manufacturing
in the South than in the rest of the
country. The amazing agricultural
and industrial progress of the deccide
ended with 1860 Is indicated in the
fact that during that period the in
crease in the wealth of the South ex
ceeded by more than one billion dol
lars the aggregate increase of wealth
of the New Engladlj and Middle States
The engineering and industrial
traits, which from Colonial clays
lown to the time when the invention
of the cotton gin fastened slavbry
around the necks of the people of the
South, were beginning to reassert
themselves between 1850 and 1860.
This industrial and engineering trend
of the people of the South has again
during the last twenty-flve gears beens
reasserting itself, and it is to the re
birth of this inherited rait of char
acter that the trenendous3 nonentum
of this section is due.
'I'he statement sometimes heard
that the great development of the
last twenty-five years is mainly due
to an infusion of outside blood and
cavital seriously misrepresents the
facts: No man who has that impres
sion can rightly forecast the progress
of the coming years, because he is
viewing the situation from an erro
Since 1865 the Central South has
sent beyond its borders by emigration
into other sections more than 3,500,
000 of its white people and more than
-1,500,000 into Texas andcci Oklah6ma.
The comparatively few persons from
other section who have come into the
South, when given the fullest measure
of credit for what they have achi<ved,
cannot in the smallest degree offset
the tremendous loss of energy and
power of the 5,000,000 people that
went out of the Central South by rea
son of the poverty of opportunity fol
lwing the war and the days of recon
Now the trend is back to the South.
Men who have made a success in oth
er sections are hearing the "come
homne" call of their native land and
many of them are returning. Maicy
frcm other sections are beginning
their southward icarch in order to
share in the amazing developmient
which they see is to come about in
this section. They want to be at part
and parcel of it and to reap some of
the harvest. Thus the whole condi
tion has completely cliiinge'd. And in
ste ad of having to make a herolc ei
fort to keep its own people at home
and to draw men and money from oth
er 'sections, as was the case for twen
ty-flve or thirty years, the South now
finds abundant employment at home
for its own people. It finds telns of
thousands fron the North and West
annually moving southward, fand it
finds that the capitalist Is searching
out in every direction opportunities
for investment In the South. The pro
moter seeking capital for a new enter
prise no longer has to argue with the
capitalist that the South is a good
place in which to invest money. All
that he has to do is to pr'ove thcat his
own iparticuilar enterprise is a good
one. The outside capcitalist is fully
impressed wvith the fact that this is
the most richly endowed section of
the won'ld and that it is "the coming
Eidor'ado of Amer'ican adventure."
Those whio would study Lice fuctuc'e
of tice South -.nwithn a view to ascer
taincing something 'of the rapidity of
its dievelopment should fully under'
stand what tine old South was doinig
In mnaterial activities before 1860, what
It lost icy the wvar' and tine pover'ty fol
lowing it and wuhat the South has
aichleved since then; and to these
facts should he added a knowvledge of
tine uniqueness of thce Souith's re
sources fon' tine suipport of a dense
p~opulationc. Not unntil tiney have clone
this will they be ablte to fon'n even a
slIght conceptioin of tine rapidity of
material decvelopnment 'and wealth ae
cumuilation throughout the Southn dunn
ing the next ten or fifteen years.
Ouct of sorts, depressed, pain ini the
back-Elecetr'ic flittei's renews 'your
health and strength. A guaranteed
iver and Kidney remedy. Money
b~ack *if not satisfied. Jt completely
curced Robert Mads " of West Burl
Ington, Iowa, wino si fered from viru
lent liver trouble for eIght months. At
ten' fouir doctors gave him up, hce took
Electric Bitter's and is now a well
man. (let a bottle today; it will do
the samne for you. Keep In the house
for all liver anch kidne~y compllains.
Perfectly safe ancd cdepencdable. Its re
sunlt~s will surpr'ise youc. 50c anu $1.00.
IT. Eo. Blunklen & Co.
Phcilndel phin n' St. Lnncis
Our Southern Friends are Proud of Mexican Mustang Liniment
because it has saved them from so much suffering. It soothes
and relieves pain soon as applied. Is made of oils, without
any Alcohol and cannot burn of Sting the flesh. Hundreds
of people write us that Mustang
Liniment cured them when all ==
other remedies failed.
The Great Family Remedy for , . ,J
Sore Throat, Colds, ~ *
Cuts, Burns, Backache,
and the ailments of your ~
Cattle, Sheep. ' ;
and Fowl. E W a4M
Since 1848 the foremost
'Pain 'lReiicoet uf the South.
Price 25c., 50c. and $1 a bottle.
Take this to your dealer and say you want
Mexican Mustang Liniment.
s _ ~ TIM .E "
E CM SURC CK E B A
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WESSEA. W TCHESRAND CLOCE TIME KEEIN YOUALRO
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LEMING SADO A BOTELYREL ON
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bug paintd, Woelok and theawok wemredingw
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GEER .REPAIR INGO