Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XXX. LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY,' NOVEMBER 4, 1914. NUMBER 15
TURKEY NOW [NT[RS
[UROP[AN WAR. ARENA
May Draw in Still Other
ALLIES PREPARED -
FOR NEW TURN
The Problenm, both in Engiland and
Russia, is as to the Attitude of their
Moslem Subjects. Allies Claim their
Position is Satisfactory.
-London, Nov. I.--Turkey has dell
nite)y thrown her lot with Austria
and Germany, and if Portugal is
counted there now are 11 powers at
war with the prospects of three more
--Greece, Bulgaria and Roumania
being drawn in.
Tihe note which Great Britain pre
sented to Turkey on Friday last de
manding an explanation of .the ac
tions of the Turkish fleet in the Black
sea and the dismantling of the former
German cruisers, the Goeben and the
Breslau was really an ultimatum to
which Turkey was requested to make
a -reply Saturday Evening. So far as
ia known here, telegraphic communi
cation with Turkey being interrupted
no answer was made and the ambas
sadors of the Triple Entente at the
Otteman capital. it is understood, de
manded and received their passports.
Turkish troops, which had been on
the Egyptian border for some time,
already are reported to have crossed
the frontier while the Turkish fleet
continues to menace Russian towns
and shipping in the Black Sea.
Neith'c) Russia ner Great Britain
was tinprepared for this move by Tur
key and the allied powers have forces
on hand to oppose a Turkish inva
When the regular forces were with
drawn from Egypt to take part In the
war in Europe they immediately were
replacoh by troops from home much
greater in number at least.
Tho problem both to E1ngland and
Russia, however, is the att'itude of
their Moslem subjects who, under or
dinary circumstances, would prefer
not to fight against Turkey. In this
war. however, they have ratlied to
their flag al have all other raes
under British or Russian rule And
Urb is being taken to explain'to them
that In this case, Turkey, under the
.dUrection of Gernany has been the
Another problotn relates to the at
ttudo of Roumania, Bulgaria and
Oreece. Bulgaria, owing her exist
once to Russia and being under many
obligations to Great Britain, besides
%eing desirous of securing Thrace as
'far east as the Enos-Midia line, which
she was awarded by th londei con
ference after the ilrht Balkan war. but
which Tnrkey. retook wheni Bulgaria
was attacked by Gireece and Servia,
\6mbuld naturally side~ with the entente.
But she objects, p6litic'al observers,
,point, out to tl'hting aide by side with
Greece and Servia.
Russia, howvever, is expectedl to ask
Bulgarian definitely on which tride she
is ra'nged, as heri mere neutrality u'ni
der the c ircumistances appears inbuffil
cient. Should she join the Ais'frians
andl Germans, Roumnania is almost
certain to declare for the hllies. and
Greece, even before this, inay dlecide
to 'take her revenge in Turkey. In
fact, It is believed her treaty with
Servia would compel her to take
action should the latter be attacked
byjiklgaria or T1urkoy.
italy, too, Is brought nearer to war
by the entrance of Turkey, for she
has large Meliterraneanm possessions to
Tror Egh1ting in the last few days in
Filanders and France has been -but a
'repetition of 'what has 'been going on
for days past. The Germans have con
tinued'to push their attack. aimed ul
timately at French coast ports, but, as
'heforse, it has been a ding-dong affair,
one side making progress only to lose
the ground gained the next night or
Firoim the point of view of the
allies their position is satisfactory, as
the Genmans are no nearer their goal
than a week ago. There have been
tremfendIous losses. While the cap
ture of a fow prisonern and guns froma
one side cor the otheri is a matter of'
daily occurrence. fighting has become
more severe along the river Aisne, in
Vockefeller Foundation to Send Thous.
ands di Dollars Worth of Food to
War Stricken Country.
New York, Nov. R.-The Rocke
feller Foundation has determined to
employ its Immense resources for re
lief of noncombatants in the coun
tries affieted by tho war. It stands
ready to give "millions of dollars" if
necesary. This was onnounced to
night by John D. Rockefeller, Jr., pres
ident or the foundation.
/'he foundation will send a com
tnAssion to lEurope in a few days to
report as to how, when and where
aid can be rendered most effectively.
At a cost of $275,000 it already has
chartered a ship and loaded it with
4,000 tons of provisions for Belgian
The ship is the Massapequa, the
largest neutral vessel now in New
York harbor. It will sail Tuesday
morning direct for Rotterdam with a
certiflcation from the British consul
here that its cargo is destined for use
of Belgian non-combatants only. The
supplies will be distributed by the
Belgian relief commission.
Mr. Rockefeller has been in com
munication with Ambassador Page at
London and made public a cablegram
in which the ambassador describes
the dire need of the Belgians and
says "it will require a million dollars
a month for seven or eight months to
"In fact," the Amabassador added,
"many will starve now before food
enn reach them."
Mr. Rockefeller made it clear in his
announcement that steps taken by
the foundation "will be absolutely
neutral." The commission of inves
t!gntion will be headed by Wickliffe
Rose, a director general of the inter
national health commission.
"This action will but suipplement
the public spirited efforts of the lel
glan relief committee," said Mr. Rlocke
feller in announcing tihe foinda (til's
"Immediately upon receiving An
bassadlor Page's message the ltocke
feller foundation enlisted the co-oper
ation of 4ihe shipping department of
the Standard Oil Company of New
York in securing the vessel and at the
same time gladly availed itself of the
voluntary services of Mr. Lionel
Hagenaers, a Belgian, now resident in
New York and member of the Belgian
reliet committee, in purchasing the
The cargo will consist of:
28,500 barrels of flour.
14,000 packets (100 pounds each) of
3,000 bags (200 pounds each) of
1,000 boxso (100 pounds each) of
"The British consul haA ktindly
tgreed to certify that these supplies
are absolutely for the 'aid of:noncom
bat ants andh sh1IIht not be delayed in
Sales Last. 3onday.
Lnst Mlonday being salesday several
I ihcts of land were ult u p for saile.
All of the tracts sold were parts of
P'aul Moore's estate. One of these was
'i sheriff's sale, this being in tihe case
of D). 1,0.1Tribble against Manmle Moore
as~ administratrix of tihe estate of
Paul Moore, tFiis prolperty consistedi
of a coule of lots in tihe town of
Clinton, both1 lots being b~oughlt by 1).
l'0. Triibble for $3100.00.
The judge of probate had one sale in
the same estate, This was in the case
of Mamio Moore as adtministratrix of
the estate of Paul Moore against. Lois
Mocore, et al. The property consistedl
of five lots in tihe town of Clinton and
one farm just outside of Clinton con
taining 60 acres. The whole was
bought in by Mamie Moore at $1700.00.
the Argonne forest and along the
rivet' Meuse, between Verdun and
Toul, but so far without making any
appreciable change in the fronts of
the two armies.
Theil Gernman armies are said 1)3 the
Russians to hlave been defeated be
fore War'saw and lnvangorod., They
continue to fall back uand the new
Russian front now extends in a semi..
circle from liock, ntortlthwest of War
saw, through Lodz and Plotrhow and
O.mowieo, soulthiwest of Radonm.
In (lalacla the Russians are having
monre dlil1cul ty in dislodging the Ausi
trianis from their posittions on -the San.,
BOND ISSUE BILL
KILLED BY BLEASE
fly Withlolding Action on Measure He
Makes It Impossible for Election on
Columbia, Nov. 2.-The cotton bond
Issue bill is dead. The governor sent
the general assembly a message to
night in which he said that he intend
ed to Withhold executive action onl the
bill and would not return it to the
The house adopted a report fromn
the judiciary committee to the effect
that the timae limit within which the
governor could hold the bill without
his signature, the general aasembly
being in session, would not expire un
til tonight at midnight. In conse
quence of the election under the bond
issue act being Net for Tuesday, it
will be impossible for the people to
pass on it.
There can, therefore, be no valid
elcetion held on the question of Issu
mng $241,000,000 in state bonds to be
loaned on part of the cotton crop
raised in South Carolina, since the
act has not become a law.
The message from Governor liloase
in which he said he would take no
action on the bond issue bill was re
ceived by the house a little after 9
o'clock last night.
When the house met today at 2
o'clock the governor returned the
"miracle act" with his veto. This
act was passed by the house and sen
ate Saturday night to validate the
general appropriation act in order the
state might borrow money upon it
immediately, -without waiting the stat
utory 20 days, which was necessitated
by the oiission of the provision from
the act that it should become effect
ive immediately. The "miracle act"
provided that all acts passed at the
special session should become etec.
tive immediately after their final
passage over the governor's veto. The
governor said 111n the Illessage that. the
act was unconstitutional and set. a
The house deferred Consideration of
the veto until it Imet at 4 o'clock,
when it was overriddejn.
Speaker Smith denounced as un
worthy and unwarranted the state
ient by a correspondent of The State
that he participated in a filibuster on
the cotton hond issu act. lie ex
pressed his willingness to resign if
the houso agreed with the view ex
pressed by the correspondent to The
tate. The house gave the speaker a
unanimous rising vote of confldence,
WOULD BURN GRAY 00Ut'l
Tnsigned Letter Ntthe of Great Alarm
Among tte fitesdents.
Grh$ 6t3ri, Nov. 2.--tonalderable
exhitement was caused today when an
inl signed letter threatening to burn
the town was received here.
The handwriting was evidently that
of an Illiterate person or else skillful
ly disguised and was addressed to
"Mierchants of Gtray Court." The let
ter bore thle post mark of' Owings. Th'e
1etter was turn5I~led ove'r to tile local po
liee and it is not1 knlownl whethter or
not, the postal aut horities will be
enl led upon01 to Iiet igateC.
SPE('iAL Ti'UAINS FOlt FAl.
Extra TIrninis From Spartanbunrg for
the0 Sparlanburg C'ounty~ FaIr.
Announcenment has1 been mradec that
the Ciharileston andl Western Carollina
Raillroad will run one extra tr'ain eachl
dlr.3. from Spartanburg to Laurens on
Wed'(nesdlay, 'lTursd1ay and( F'ridlay of
t~is week on accounit (If tile ig Spar
tanlburg County Fair to be held on
those0 three days. This (extr'a traini
w!ll leave Spartanburg at 6 : ;0 P. M.
and will arrive at L~aurens at '7:17
T. M., mlaking all local stops between
the two places. There will be no
chlange in the regular schedule of
tr'ainls going to Spartanburmg.
, Barnar at (linton.
The annual bazaar given by thle L.a
dies Aid society of thle Presbyterian
churcl'h of ClInton 'will be hleld In
Copoland Hail on the 11th and 12th
or this month. The ladles have all
flounced that they will hlave the uIsual
turlkey .dinners and supper)sI' as in tile
r~ast, but1. thlat tile dhinnerls will he five
cents cheaper tils year', a chlarg(e (of 3t0
cents per' plat be ig made. A r'ticles
or fancy work wvill also lbe for sale.
Tile public1 Is invltedl to assIst thle la-~
dies In their tn eieta ln.
PUBLIC INVITED TO
'ounty Teachers Association to 1old
institute iiere ''itirsday, Friday and
Complete arrangements have been
mnade for the entertainment of the
vounty teachers here Thursday night,
i'riday and Saturday. An unusually
attractive program has been arranged1
of interest to both the teachers and
the public and a large attendance is
Of particular interest to the publie
S ill be the evening meetings, which
will be called to order at 8 o'clock.
'I hursday evening lectures will be giv
en by Supt. .1. M,. Swearingen and Dr.
I I tenry llanms. Friday evening lec
.tIres will be delivered by Prof. Liueco
Gunter and Mr. W. 1-. Hand. .
The importance of this meeting to
Ihe teachers of the county has been
very forcibly expressed by a citizen
of Laurens not connected with pure
ly educational work but one who is
greatly interested in the progress of
the city and rural schools. Writing to
Trhe Advertiser on the subject he says
"The teachers' institute that is to he
held at the graded school auditorium
this week, November 5th to 7th, will
afford the wide-awake, progressive
teachers of this county a rare oppor
tInity for self-improvement, and ul
timately for the improvement of the
schools over which they preside. Some
of the very best. talent engaged in the
profession of teaching will be here.
The fact that such practical, life-long
.dueators as W. II. Hand, J. 14. Swear
ingen, Dr. J. 1lenry Harms, A. C. Dan
iel, Lucco Gunter, Miss lava lite, and
Mrs. lietty Brown insures both the
interest and the success of the Instf
tute, so far as the program is concern
ed. It rests with the teachers and the
trustees of the county to mak!e it, a
!iceess so far as its beneven rei1 Ic
suits to thie, schools, the boys and
girls of obl( 1,:mre!ens are c(1cerne.
lead again he program offered; no
tioe the variety and the ranigeof the
toiles offered; notice their applica
lion to the practical every--day prob
lem.! o(f .chool IiIe; aid after having
considered1 this prozgran seriously, ask
yulf the (iletion; Tan I, as a
progressive. teacher, miss it?'
"'ihe teacher who does not read oc
easionally a good book on pedagogy,
who does nlot. take at least one good
school Journal, and who does not make
good use of every opportunity to at
tend upon teachers' institutes and as
sociations has no right whatsoever in
the school room. Were we a trustee,
a teacher who neglected o)portunities
of this kind would not hold a position
in our school for more than one term.
The teacher who neglects opportuni
ties of this kind rusts out, and soon
sinks to that level that is fa oelow
mediocrity. They can not make a just
return in result for the money that
they receive as salary; they can not
give their schools the same advantages
In tealchlinlg that I the mlore' up1-to-dat11e,
more prog ressive teach ers give t heiris.
The ' teachler tiha t at tends inislituiites of
thlis kind, andl that dIoes r'eading su1ch
as5 inienct-ed above will be a live, grow
Intg teacher. onle working for some1
higher' end4 ihanl tile mere si aary sihe
"'The trullstees should1( attendi thlis in
stitutIe, anld t hey should ceril ily see
to it that theC teachers ilt ruisted w ithI
the intellectual wvel fare of their chil
direnl should attend. Auithorize y'our
teachers, Mr. Trustee, to susp1end(
school neCxt Fridaly and1( spend~ the time
in prparinlg thlemlselves to teach more
oficiently for the romainder of tile
session. it will ho t ine well Spenlt
for the teacher, for the commullnity
I. whlich she teachues, andl for tile boys
and girls wholl have bleenl comitted to1
hlor care. Not all of an eduention is
*got ten out of books; some of tihe most
valuable lessons, some of tile best
ways for quickening the intellect is to
bring it inu conltact wvith othlers, in tile
broader relationship~s of life as tihey
aire to be found outsidie of the 5schoo1
room. Tile most last ing, tile most
ulseful lessonls that go to make tile
educated man or woman are those thuat
are learned from the toncih of life
with life and no0t fronb school1 text
hbooks. Thle tinme spent inl carrying
school1 childhreni anid teachers to coun l
ly fairs anud to 5schoo1 paradeis, ahd1( of
allowving teachlers to) attd1 sutchl in
stituiten as tile one4 to conivene in o1ur
mid1(st so soon1 Is not tulle wa'.vdd. P
is tim114 51ppnt in ai way that wi'l btring
the larest retiturns to 11h0 04onneln1
GIRL IS HEROINE
Soplia Thomis, of Nei ry, i liem arded
by ('rnegie ('oinmission flr Res.
%uIng OJrl from Dio(g.
Pitt sburgh, l'a., Oct 30.--Oh i has
a fine rcord as a mother of heroes,
as well as presidents. accordi g to the
awards of medals made by tie car
negic hero fund commission here to
lay. In all 69 acts of heroism are
recognized; 19 to ItIe credit of Ohio
men and boys. its is more than
twice as many as appear for .t y oti
er state, Michigan having nine, and
the others scattered among 19 states.
March 25 and 26, 1913, were the
great hero-making days, 21 of the he
role acts in the list. given out today
having been recalled from those days
of flood along the Ohio and its tribu
In all, 15 silver medals and ;)
bronze 'nedals are awarldd. ifhir
teen of the heroes lost their lives. and
to the dependants of ten of these ien
sions or suis of [money to be applied
subject to the discretion of the com
mtission are granted. in 50 Cases siis
aggregating over $60,000 are appro
prilated for education, purchase of
homes, or other worthy purposos that
may be approved by the conmission.
Accllepts in the water called forth
by far the largest number of heroic
acts-51 in all; and students figure
most prominently in the rescett work,
but the occupations given :n tho 1b,4s
show there are heroes in every walk
of life, from clergymen to laborers.
There are six heroines: Margaret
Guy, aged 10, of South Boston, Mlass.,
who saved a lad three years her se
nior fro:n drowning; Mary Allen. of
lig Rapids, Mlich., who 'rescued two
girls from drowning in Rose Lake,
Leroy, Mich.; Sophia Thomas. of New.
ry. S. C., who roseled a girl from a
rvbid dog; Wiebe Briggs. a \'assr
college girl, who saved three college
alates from di ro willng; Mirs. 111.1ian
M. Oghurin, who saved two I-- fro
huirning af Sunisiianville, C'al. anad
Frantees Spainke. a 1- -Yea.-old girl. of
hatitmani. Ark., Who lost her own tiFe
lit aving another girl from being kill
d by a train.
With todlay's awairds there is a list
W' close to t.oo "ieroes of peace
h ho have been awardled Ca regip
medals since the fund was establi
ed ton years ago.
1he Rev. J. King Gibson, South
Clarleston, S. C., saved Charlotte M.
Jarksdale front drowning at Virginia
Peach, Va., August 17, 1911.
Leo Hamilton and Andrew M.
Chapman, Chappells, S, C.; saved
George Kneece from drowning at
Chappells, March 16, 1912.
Sophia E. Thomas, Newry, .'. C.;
soved Eva Gregory from a rabid log
at Newry, June 19, 1912.
Lanrens ('ounly ( tton Oinning11 s,
According to the report issued by
fhe director of the census, there were
.17,262 hales of cot ton gin ned in Laau
r-ens counitty tip to October 2thI. 1 8.(195
tales. had been ginn led to the samtte
datfo last yearii, stiowinig a slight de.*
crease. The tita tot the enltiri' statte
showed an incrii e of aboutttt 75,nie,
thle First Ita iti1st chiu reh. is v isitinrg
fihends In the (-it y and1( will prteachi at
thre Bapt1 ist chutircht toitightt at 7::;
c 'clock. Mir. Thtayer has been in ('tes
ter for' thte pas1 several y ears, but ha s
teen iecentfly enl ledl to the~ jast orate
of tie F'irst hapi st chutrchi of Sumtt
ter, one of the largest anld miost intflu
en tin alat ist chuirches in thetd state.
GEranted NtutlraI7lition Palhers.
in thre circuit court yeste-day na
lural izat ion pa pers weer' granted b~y
.fudge SeasC to Iliabeeb Sahadti, a na
tive of TPyre, Syria. According to hIs
statemtent, he( hiad been in this coun..
try fourteen years andI ini Laitrents
c9tht years. ie is a mnembter of the
Syrian colony that has its headqtuar.
ters 1 i the little fruit stantd ottn lie
:-orth-west corner of the public square
tius teachter. andt thusu to thie s(cool
over whlleht shte presides. 'Teachtr,
(!omfe to the inrt itute! Trustee cc.:ie
w ithi youri t eaiclier! If you e~t in nt
comei you rselfI, go tot your itIeachler aid
tell hter to adjourii fir thte dtu- andl go
to thle Inst ituate. It will hie worthI
iiore to yoiur s(1hool thi:im anyr ote
daye of Ihre sessioni.''
MAT [XTRA 8[SSION
Reduction of Acreage of
COTTON BOND ISSUE
AT FIRST A "JOKE"
Goivernor illease chanicterized it as
a "lige ,Ioke", but Late.r DelelopedI
into it Problem.. signature With held
unt1- Time Exiredl.
Coliibia, Noveiber I.- In less thati
a dozen lines of a iewspapeir cilui
Is condensed ninety-five per cent of
the legislation that. will find Its way,
on the statute books of the state, as
a result of the extraordinary sesilon,
of the General Assetnbly now draw
Ing to a close. l ite is the crux of
"It shall be utan iawil for ally p)e'
son, by hi mself, his agents or eim
ployees, to plant or cultivate inl this
State in any year a greater nuiber
of acres of land in cotton than one
third of the total acreage of land
I:!anted and cultivated in all vropsi by;
such person in said year, including
grain and fall sown crops, pit ated
the preceding fall or winter."
There is not mluch to the law in
verbage, but if it Is enforced it will
wean the agricultural revolution of
the State. The enforcement is itl the
ihiands of the farmers thimselves;
t '0S who Wanted total elimiinatioI
aid limitations as to how many bates
of cotton might ho raised to the ani
nal. The State has lianply said that
for every ten acres of cotton the farm
e- plants that he must plant t wentv
:-e res in grain, or cattle food or truck.
It. matters not. what the crop is. but
two acres of' somet.hing Os( itu-.t b)
planted to every acre of cotton. It
ti- :ixw is enforced, and the 'nforce
1.t4e Is ill tle ha nds of the eollintn -i.,
'Mies, it will iilneai a neiw vra inl eit
il raising for' li l ling.
Many % think ill colistitlitionality or
): Act is dub111)11tu. Gover 111nr laso
pitt this foot note on lthe .At. at er'
hi. hadI approved iW To(nstilin~onl1 orl
no0t, we( will try it." That is Ihe sen..
timent of many and 4 is regar.lh i as
b-eing justiflilv in the agrieuIdurat
crisis of the State.
It is to be noted that. the \ct--.
i [rough the -suggestion of Mr. H:lscr'
Is quite plain that only cultivated land
I- to be counted.
The Act Is now of effect and if tho
Farmers' Union and other agricultural
organizations want to put their hand
to something effectivo here is a. chanceo
This acreago reduction Act is what
%il live In the history of the S:ato, asj
the overshadowing work of the extra
ordinary action of the special soesioni.
The State Wa rehouse plan Is .not so
cilullislastically popular. It : relV
"'skldded"' through the legis'at ivo
i-l lind and1 it it htad It' s l cou si I go
'egain wioul not he( amolnig thei .\ts of~
theI stiecial sesshi 'i. I tis alt y a
ly. to lbe held in aL (ouicn 01 -
'but this Is (d0ubtfula. lr Co1:mm Ynoe
.\!''I: ia i itn ;Ct helii s:.stiln I wI
fre at he~ wvill deseiicnt mch crJ'
t'4od( inl the (ot toil turd i.,sule It iV
a potlitlea Ipuzze. c.It has beeni saidh
Ib::0 I.toliicalI history as we'll av a I.'un
hmtory of a wnir slhuld n1o1 he Vai ittn
1111ti the Ia psi' of' fifty ye(ars It woulmd
liitldo ile so soonh aflli, : -:lg
of the now~i famot ilchS(oft. tohn t. toIi
write what. Is heard andi~ what ien or01
n'at3 not be the real hkttoi'y or tIs log.
i'iat ion. Thelre are manyi~ repo).-. n
r'imors ats to why this or t h..: was
(tone and all the mnore reason v t':o
real history of the liogislation ih heta
ter hbe wr'itten when real patl. 't mi
can be separated from nelflsh me 'er -
when "playing pollitic5" enn ' di
v.orced fromi Iuli dutyI and~ svt'n
the mellowing effect o' f.mre w' Iha
had its way; then someioneO ouj it it.
wriite0 the r'eal it 1ory (of this iiio:( re.
nit rkable lilece otf Iegisla l'ioi ha -
01ame ais a shoulk andi ma pnrisec t >I~b
Goviernior 111(nse1 calIleid 1 at at 'a
Ihugi' .oki."' Nowii ho' in al:: . tha:
wvhatiever iay hav e beien' is i ai:
ihn it is htt'ontd that t!aj''. fI1. a'