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VOLUME XXX. LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1914.
CAMPAIGN T [NCOR
of GRAIN CROPI
Meetings to be Held in AlI !
First in This County
For some unaccountable reason the
grain campaign meeting which was to
have been held in this city Monday by
Commissioner Watson and Mr. W. W.
Long was not held. It is thought that
the plans were changed on account of
an urgent call from the lower part of
t~e state to begin in . that section.
However, Mr. Watson has re-arranged
the campaign itinerary and will r
rive in Laurens to hold a meeting this
afternoon. The following telegram
was received by Mr. N. B. Dial, in ref
erence to the meeting, yesterday:
Mr. N. B. Dials,
. Laurens, S. C.,
oParty will reach Laurens for meet
Ing fIve o'clock Wednesday afternoon
and, can also hold night meeting.
1E. J. Watson, Commissioner.
While nothing further is obtainable
as to the meeting at this place, the tel
egram of Commissioner Watson is suf
ficient notice that it will be held. It
is supposed that the meeting will take
place In the Court House.
Alms of the Campaign.
A full account of the proposed
grain campaign as taken from "The
"South Carolina's grain campaign,
the first to be held in the South, will
begin tomorrow, when representatives
of the State department of -agricul
ture, Clemson college and the United
States farm demonstration work will
visit several points in Sumter and
Lee counties. Wednesday the pai-ty
will travel to Piedmont counties by
way. of Newberry and Laurens. The
campaign this week will include 14
counties. The members of the par
t.y hop0 to carry the message of grain
to nearly overy county in the State
within 10 days.
"For every acre planted in cotton In
South Carolina next year there must
be two acres of wheat or other crops.
This is required under the cotton acre
age reduction law passed at the extra
sesion of the general assembly.
"The grain campaign party will be
made .up of W. W. Iong, State agent
for the United States farm demonstra
tion work and director of the Clemson
extension department; A. G. Smith,
agriculturist of the national farm
management office; J. C. Stratton,
grain elevator expert of Chicago and
I,. J. Watson, State commissioner of
"Commissioner Watson has learned.
with interest that the business men of
Anderson have taken interest in the
visit of an expert on constructing
tvrain elevators. "It is of great Im
portance that we have these elevators
throughout the state, said Commis
sioner Watson yesterday. 'They will
afford the opportunity for the farmer
to get ready sale for his seed, and
furthermore they willl pay a uniform
price according to the grade. With ele
vators in operation throughout the
state, the far'mers will in a year or
two knowv and talk grain as they know
and talk cotton today. I believe that
The nature of our agriculture will be
changed beoforo long, jijhve werked
With (M~ eImd in view for years, and I
have seen the tendency toward intoro
grain and tulor beet ettttf and It was
comitig sooner or later, but this great
ha. U 1153 ynn an impetus that could
not have been had in any other way,
"'Pwo groat things are essential
for the farmers to to giveti good seod,
and for the lfnanl Who haakes the ad
vances to atgree to take ba rent money
ci' bg iDay f6P~ Adpplien in grain.
ierofoi) WoitOt has been the basis
of iVe'M 'Abd that is one thing that, has
heh to keep the renter down. if
hA 'could find some way to get is
W ain accepted as legal tenden', he
would plant more of it.'
"When J. C. Stratton, ei'ator ex
hpert, was here recently, h'b stated that.,
for some time, especit'Oy 'in the last
tour years, tho 'eyers of the - West. had
been turned (owaI'd the Solith and|
there had bden 'mutch wonder how
long before thb South would awake
to a realization of her possibilitieis in
the matter o'f prodlucing gr'aln. lie
declared that it is but little short of
crl-minal for the farmers in the South
to be buying their grain and their
i IN SOUTH CAROLINA
sections of South Carolina
"'There is a great lack of correct
information on this subject,' he said.
'The people in the Middle West do
not produce such tremendous yields,
and, they have but one cro) a year.
For the greater part of the winter
they are huddled around the fireside.
rhe Western farmer who can get 50
to 76 bushels of grain per acre is do
mg well. Of course your yields in the
South are much smaller-only be
cause the lands have been permitted
to go to waste. A few years of grain
crops properly handled will make the
soil richer and the farmers will never
return to cotton.
"'One trouble, a great trouble, that
I have found in the South," said Mr.
Stratton, "is the fact that the farmers
do not break up the soil deeply
enough. The ground is too hard.
That may discourage some of the
far-mers the first year that they plant
grain. But the way to overcome this
condition of the ground is by rotating
crops and gradually breaking the soil
deeper and deeper and in a few years
there will be a -loam of several inches
in top. I am informed that in An
derson county, where farmers use
tractor plows, the soil has been deep
ened to the extent of some eight or
-en inches by gradual and intelligent
cultivation in that manner. However,
for the first year a light crop of oats
would be proiltable in this wonderful
climate of the South, for it would be
'ollowed by a corn crop and then pos
sibly by cowpeas and all of this
Would far more than offset tile valie
of the superior yield of the Western
"'In the west farmers have become
well-to-do on corn and grain. Some
have in a year or two paid for their
farms and they have but the one crop
a year there. in the South the profts4
should be handsome.
"An elevator system would handle
all kinds of grain and would give a
market for the sale of the grain in
the seed or for the crushed and manu..
factured -product. There are hun
dreds of brands of 'shipped' foods for
horses and cattle and hogs and chick
ens coming into this State, and the
elevator with but little additional cost
could pilt in a grinder to chop feed.
Rye, oats, eowpeas and all sorts of
farm products of this kind could be
ground and mixed and marketed at
the saving of the freights and the
Another advantage of the elevator
is that the farmer by having his
grain cleaned and graded gets from 2
to 4 cents a bushel more for it, a.
shown by the records. As it now is,
when a farmer has oats or other
gralin for sae he goes to townm and
either accepts whatever som6 store
keeper offers or takes the graIn home,
httt the storekeeper canl not be blameid,
for he may not wvant thle grain at all,
and it might be a burdlen on his hands.
lBut the elevator would take tile grain
onl tihe basis of tihe beat prevailing lie
es tile country over and would 13o ghdl
to get it and to forward it to the near
COURT ADJOUltNTED SATURDAY.
Equity and Appeal Casest Heard Fri
day and Saturday,
Adjoili'hinent of the Oiinofl Diahd
court was taken Saturday httrniobn
after a two weeks' ensao1. 'The jury
was excused f'dm further service
Thursday h'terhbn and the two sue
eednk 'aI were devoted to equity
*& Mieal cses.
T cases not noted in the last is
%ke of (r'ho AdvertIser and tried Wed
nesday and Thursday were as follows:
The ease of A. M. Rlamage vs 'Ow
lngs & Dobo, involvIng the ownership
of some cotton, was decided in favor of
Owlngs & Bobo.
In the case of W., M.'/Caldwell vs 0.
W. StIgall, this being a suilt over the
moving of a tenant from the prem'iass
of W. M. Caldwell, a verdict was ren
dered for the defendant.
The next term of court will be the
general ssons court In March, wvhen
Judge Ernest Moore, of Lancaster,
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ALMOST ALL RE(OVERIED.
Victinis of Grand Stand ('ollaie have
Generally Showed Improvement.
Higgins Bryson, tlhe Miountville lad
who hals ben in th e hospital since be
ing injured when the county fair
grandstand collapsed In October, Is
rhidly recovering and will probably
leave the hospital this week. It ivll
be remembered that his leg was brok
en between the knee and thigh. lie
has been very cheerful during his con
finement and has made a mnodel pa
Mr. ani 1. Williams, of the Ilchomi
section, was in the city yesterday and
stated that his wife, who was also in
Jured In the collapse, was injured
more than was at first expected and
has not yet recovered. However, lie
said, he had hopes of her early coni
From what can .be learned o( other
victims of the accident, all of them
are nearly recovered and will experi
e'uce no permanent injury.
James W. Abrams Dead.
Clinton, S. C., Nov. 13.-Mr. Jas. W.
Abrams died heni F'uesday night, aged
70. lie had a second stroke of paral
ysis several days ago and his condi
ton had been critical since. It had
been about one year since the first
stroke. Ills survivors are his wife.
Thos. W. Abrams, lially R. Abrams,
Reid Abrams, .Jno. R. Abrams, Mrs.
Nannie Truckor, or Clinton, and Mrs.
Green Surcey, of Fountain inn.
Thie funeral servIces were held hlerc
yesterday afternoon1 at the grave inl
thec cemetery at tile First Presbyterlan
At Newv Hatrmony.
An oyster and ice cream suppe!)r wvIP
bc given at' New Iharmony schoci
house Friday night, Nov. 201h, for the~
beniefit of thie school fund. Thle piub
1kc is Invited to attend a: help in the
Hpeelai Serices SandIa.
11ev. M. L. Lawson, pa.decr of the
First Haptist churchi, hias anlounlCed
that he willl preach a spec'aul sermon
at the morning service #:inday on the
suibject uuH'6m0 Life." In the eVoking
lie will preach to the yding people,
when he would like to~ hiave a large
number of theha hWikent.
Thanksghting and the Orphans.
The T1iernwell Orphanage, Clinton,
has 360 orphans to care for.
Nyeory Presbyterian in the State
should send a frhanksgiving contrIbu
tion to aid in earing for them.
T1heo low price of cotton is affecting
every benevolent, eduicational and pu~b
lie enterprise, but the cotton fa hlere
alnd wvill sell for what It is worth after
a while. It. sold at four' and a half
I ~wr.-ir, tihe orphians cannot wait
vevy !dni for their aily brea.
IN THE HISTORY OF THE WOR
IA-PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL EXP
414 ~ 414
national t-xtjosition Conpany.
naive live stock show in the history o
on. Entrics of valuab!o and rare brel
France, lingland, Belgium and other
ffered in prizes and purses for winnin
lore thia forty acres, with the great ju
the period of the exiOsition, from Febr
TUCKER CASE ENDED
A~torneis for Mrs. Nanite Tuicket and
Clinton Cotton .ills Comie to an1
'I'[e sitit of MIrs. Nannie Tucket, ad
mn inistr'ator of the e'state of Tho1a.;
I'iucker, vs the 'linton (o:n .h
which hasbee draggips inl the'coi t.
for several years, has beeni s(tled out
of cou rt through ri iamicable adjast..
ment arrived at by thei attorne'; fo
both sides. No statement is author
ized as to the terms of the scttlemulent.
It will be remembered that thih was
one of two cases aga inst the (lint on
Cotton Mills for damages to the
amount of $30,000 each growing out
of the death by drowning in the mill!
pond of the two little Tucker boyn
several years ago. The cases were
tried separately and at several terms
of court, meeting with varied fortunes.
A verdict. for $1,000 was finally secured
In the Roy Tucket case and upheld in
the Supreme Court. Settlement made
by the mill accordingly.
In the Thomas Tucker case a ver
diet for the defendant company was
directed by the court i at the spring
term, but th"e Sulprexe C"ourt sustain -
ed an appeal for noot her hearing or
the Case. T'his ws to have been held
9.t this termi butt was not heard on ac
count of thIs settlemecnt.
VTe story of the death of the t wo
little boys was an affleeting one, pie
tutring an it did t he det th of an older
brother in at tetmptIne to rescue hiis
little birother'. Accord inig to the test I
mtony of the mill vi1llagers, little
Thomas Tuckar, nine yeaurs of age,
and his brothetr Roy, twelve, weore
playing around the mill p~ond when
Thonmas milssed his footing in trying
to junmp over a narrow neck of water,
and fell in. Seeing the dang'rous
plight of his little brother, Rloy TVuck
er jutmped in and made an ineffectual
tQ save him, both of them being
in bringing suit aigalnt the will,
the pltiiutif contended thtat the de.
MN~hh had beeni negligent in not
placing proper safeguard~s around the
pound. The mill denied the conten
tion of the plaintiffs, introducing tes
timony to show that warning hadl been
Issued against playing around the
pond and that guards were ipto'v'ded
to carry out order to this 'eect,
.The late John M. Caninon, Esq., rep
resented the plaintiffs dulring most of
the litigation and utpon his death It
was handled b~y the firm at Simpson,
Cooper & IbuiA. Messrs. F. P. Me
(Iowan and~ W. Rt. Rlcheyy were tlhe'at
torneys totr the dlefetndanit company.
Hlonor Hll ofa imhliey Schowd.
Ninth (1radie40-io' Adair', Floyd
Seventh 0Grade -Emmai .\a'iden, Ineuz
fIlaknely. Akia2Hnn. - 'i i on
)SITION, SAN FRANCISCO, 1915
the world will be staged at the vast
ds of live stock will be shown from
countries In the European war zone.
g live stock. This photograph shows
dging amphitheater In the center. The
uiary 20 to December 4, 1915.
$25 FOR BEST WHEAT YIELI).
Enterprise National Bank Comes For
w-ard to Encourage Growing of
ThMnterprise National Bank of
Laurens 'announces in today's Adver
tier thiat, thecy will present $25.4)( inl
Cash1 to thle iLurens. count1Iy farmerlo
whlo nmk.1%(s the largest yoelnay
onle acere of wheat dur11ir~g the next
Year. Whenl askied about thet conltest,
AMr. C. If. R"oper, Cashier of thle bankl,
stated] that the object of Hie mo0Nvemelunt
is simlply to encourage the farmelrs to
grow grain anid esp~ecilly whleat. The
bank is of Course hlighfly Interested inl
the welfare of thle farmers and believes
that their road to success Ries threqugh
broad fields of grain. In encouraging
the growth of grain and indirectly, di
versification of crops, they believe that'
they are doing their share of relieving
thle future of situations such as now
embarrass the southern farmers.
In next weeks issue of The Adver
tUser the bank intends to give more
particulars In regard to the contest
and also experlt formulas for raising
wheat based onilemo experimients.
The contest will be inl charge of .Mr.
John 1). WV. Wattsi.
Camle Through Canal.
S'wygert, Nieckels &- C'onmanre in
recit~ ofalre hpetfcne
tIhe word willre stabued ato th ar
lestofn.esoc ilb sonfo
ACountrieser th e groen war zong.
gedive sThak.iving pTgh reheipt
wgillb ausitedafor iche cenure. The
pubry 20st cemberlly 1nvite.
AccrpieNintalll iiht i Eycle. ~
Wirliam Alb rigtoe othe yon
'ons of Dr.eand rs, Naio, C.flbright
wars aflullyijued idoay' wherh
tas at hetly shi iee ye $50 wih
was carie tho Greuenville the follow
WIg dal for te aent4~3 btl a boughta
yoe aften as eaoutatin White it
#state sevat heeksbeftor e moitecan
is siily etermied th ete or
bnt his ofyeshily ieeted his
thysiciana oph ares od outl ~strn
thape thirad o sermaenslthinurygil
the gtrwtvo grind and indipectlynent
vIficayton hof crops, they gelv that
thygrettdoin heirayae and relerng
h t futurer tatiYonns schoosl.o
erra thepovemnt ames.ito
of Yonxt wchool isnu Young Tewnsher
tilsere bank yterndt chivken oe.
partiars the regood oe rneen
ang, alovexper2thrmla hfm:r raising
eon o'co.W. ats
NEW BANKING SYSTEM
Twelve Regional Reserve
BEGINS NEW ERA
.McAdoo Sends Congratmlattions~ and1
lIarburg in (O1itimistic Vein Says
New Systein Mark Finnial Elan.
eilit0ion of this C(ountry. Improve.
Inelts to be Made.
Washingon, Nov. iC.-Although the
twelAi Feder.a! reserve banks only be
gan business today the Federal re
serve board alrea(iy has before i. plans
for widening their fild or operations
and inereasing their store of (ash.
No definite dta on the busiless done
was availiable tonight., but Seeretary
Willis telegraphed each bank for an
account of Its rediscount business and
expected to lay a report before tie
'Tho board may not be willing to
draw definite plans from one day's
business, but the first week may have
a material effect and may result in
augmenting the .h of the banks by
more than $l54,000,000. The board has
under consideration the deposit of a
large part of the loose cash now de
posited in national banks.
If the first week's rediscount busi
ness shows that the reserve banks can
use more cash, the board probably will
suggest the adoptiol of i Is plan. It
ha sheen reported to the board that
there is about $110,000,000 in the treas
iry available for this purpose and that
about $;.1,000,000 of tle' $79,000,000 now
in banks on dellosit for Ih (,rn-.
ment could be transferred.
'I'he board tonight mad*(eI' puidic a
circular defining tim! deposi-s -,i in
(iluding any deposit subject to (eck
oi which the biank has the ri~ t by
written contract with the dposior at
to tie of, deposit to require not less
than11 30 days' not-ice before an1y parLlt
of it may be withdrawn. Any a:;ree
ment with a depositor not to iioroe
the terms of such a contract 01hal
vitiate the Contaret. The postoillce
deparment has notified postmasters
that no postal savings funds shall be
deposited in banks not members of the
Federal reserve system and inst:'uct
ing them to discontinue deposits in
such non-member banks.
President Wilson received many
telegrafs conveying congratulations on.
the opening of the new system.
Secretary McAdoo early today :ign
Secretary MlcAdoo today sent the
following telegram of congratulations
to the Federal reserve agent and gov..
ernor of each of the Fed(eral r v
"Plea se aecet mfy ('Hordia!'~1 em''it -
utlationis upon tile opein(tlg ofI the -
erialI reserve hanitk (If yourz dist " a. d
liy 5ileere ('oinmendaili uIll. 1
ei'fective wourk y"ou have dion0 1'.
short. timeti al lo wed fori the o per' ig. I1
am11 suIre thtat tile F"eeral resv
biankls will servIe a g reat and( bh :~al
purplose in tile future o! our1 C I.' -/
aitd I am~ surie thait this dIep ' ii,
and1( thle FedIeral reserve board '1 y~
coun lt upon0 your1 0oya Ico-o01er ,ton 'A
the imtportanlt work anid du11ties hic:
hlave been contInedl to you. M~x 'arty
goodl wVIShes foi' your' secess.'
Pauti M,. Warburg, of the I , " i
reserve board, today declare at
November 10 mighlt be consie I
tile economic life of the United 0 L( I
as marking the founilt 'tion of ' l't
lion's flnancial emancipatlion.
"'fie ne0w bankIng system wi a1
m11inistered," said Mir. W-arbutr:
prove to be the means, not of im
but of safety, independence all
ual, healthy expansion. llow r
may become a world power e'iu.
strength and indepeundence to tU o '
wo wehave had to lean uint' i'y
will depend uo u blt
our'selv'es of tile opportuitliy no .v c
"W~e are starting 0out todla
tiotis of attaining lthis end, "
still far ermlfoved from olur gc 'T
a splirii preva1 iling of uniselfris;h
tion anid muitual helpflneO: it.
enteftill llaluil g andI siniglene: r
obsitttacle that still block otur ns ' hoth
w'itin ane wu ithlout1."