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VOLUME XXX. LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20, 1915.NUhiR2
RICHARD IRVIN[ MNN
A8 GOERNOR of
Oath Administered In the M
sentatives by Chief Ju
P rompl1tly at n1ooi yesterday in the
hall of the House of iteiresentatives
l~ichard Irvine Mal g, the third of
(h. iane to be elected governor of
this state, wits sworn i as governor
of South Carolina, Chief .1ustice Gary
administering the oath. i mmediately
afterward Andrew .ackson liehina
took the oath as Lieutenant Governor,
this also being administered by the
(hief justice. The cereiony was pur
formed before a joint session of the
two houses of the General Assemofy,
SeniatorI LeG ranld Walker, of George
town, president pro ten of the Senate,
presiding. Immediately after the
cerimony, Governor Mann1ing miiade
h is inaungu ral address belfore wvhat is
sted to have been the largest as
semblago since the inauguration of
(ov. Tillman in 1890. lls address vas
Gov. llaning's Address.
Mr. 'resident, Mr. Speaker and Gen
tlemnen of the General Assembly:
In assuming the duties of governor
I am mindful of lhie responsibilities of
the positiol. I invoke Divine guld
ance, and nearnestly'pray that wisdom,
conrage, and strength may be given
me to see clearly and to (1o justly in
all that may comie to ile as duty.
Under our form of government we
have the executive, legislative and ju
dicial branches, each separate and
distinct from the other, and each a
check oin the other.
The governor of te State is at the
head of the executive branch. It i
his duty to enforce the laws as they
stand oi the statute books. It is not
his prerogative to decide whether a
law is wise, or best suited to a com
mnunity, but he.is to see -to it that the
law i obeyed.
I have faith in our people; I believe
that they want the laws enforced, and
their conscience is awakened oi this
subject. The watelword of my cam
paign last summer was the enforce
ment of the law. I now declare afresh
iy purpose to carry out in good faith,
this pledge. I believe inl Ionm ule
local self-government, and I expect
every one who is charged wit.h i
forcenient of law to (1o his ditty. My
desire is that in each community tie
laws shall be enforced by the local
authorities. I take this, the very fist
occasion, to say to these aut-horities
that I stand ready and cager to co
operate with. them in this work, and
that they may 1e assured of my aid
with every available iawful means to
attain this object. Let me .add anoth
er word, not as a threat, but as a
warning; if in any community the
lawful .authorities fail to enforce the
laws, it will then be my duty to see
that the laws are obeyed. This I in
tend to do.
The constitution provides that the
governor may make such recomi
menadtions to the general. assembly
as, in his judgment, are good and
The time has cone when we have
to mfeet new conditions;: we are living
in a time of change and progress. This
condition gives us new probleils to
solve-new dliculties t,). meet. We
are to lie congratunlated in having at
the head of the niationi a main of great
d iscer'nment, eourage, and abil ity3,
whoi( is deatl ing wVithI nat ion al qu estionn
in stat esmanilike way. May I
hope that we w ill seek insi~iiration2
from thai examphlA to deal with
State quest ions with wilsdomi and ectur
WVn ar I progreesive D~emocrats amid
we miilst havep the, (courage to dIo jutstly
to eaelh anad every class of our citi
zer IS, 'vein if it requires legislation
hithei 'o untried by us.
i'rimnary Eiections Law.
ini my1 judgment, the people of thi~s
*tat.e, regardless of party, owe a debt)
of grai't ude, to the last State (cOinven
tion of the Democr'at ic party for
adtoptinig rules and1( regulations govern -
ing 'the pri mary elect ions. It is dl i"
to thie member's of that convention to
5fay that the apprehensIons of those
who opposed personal enrollment
were not justifledl, and that personel
enrollmient, together with the pllicity
given to the rolls of the clubs, saved
.us from irregularities and~ charges
of frautd. So far as I know, the last
priimary election was one in iwhieh the
will of tihe people was honestly ex
,pressed by their ballots, and t'hoseI
wvoro fairly counted. I recommten :1,
therefore, that your honorable l:ody
shall enact into law for primiary' elec
tions, suchm provisions as conitrolled
the, last Dlemocratic primnary election,
In order * in all primary elections.
each and every man entitled by law
to vote, shall have 'the right anid oip
portunity to vote once and that no
man shall be allowed to vote miore
Tt is graitifying to know the progress
we are making In education: it is
even more grati fying to realize that
our people are afoused to its para
mount importance: that they are de
termined that the children of our State
shall be educated. This in mani
ING SWORN IN
I'l[ STATE YESTERDAY
.11 of the House of Repre.
stice Eugene B. Gary.
fested in the' SpIrit of self-help, and
each year sees a substantial increase
in the 1nuiliber of school distr'icts that
tax themselves for schiol purposes.
Our Institutions of higher learn
Ing have shown steady growth ai
are doing splendid work. We must
provide liberally for their support. so
that their growth ind development
can be mnalintaied. But tihe fact I
stares u1s in tihe face that we are in
a pJeriod of general businless depres
sion and we mu1tst Jealously considir
every item of expenditure, to save the
people from tinnecessary burden. I
suggest, therefore, that at thii time
we shoild not untidertake any en -
largeient of these plants or any un
Not withsta 11ding tle prog e.;s we
are mak11 Ig inl edIlentionlal fa-il.ti. s
antd the p ieral awatkening that i:ts
('1me to Us, we mu1st frnkly admit
that we ai - still far short of the po
sition we s11ol0d occupy in the workb
of education. It stands to our sihamIe
that the percentage of illiteracy
among our citizens is so great. This
stain inust, 1e wiped out; and to do
this we must tax ourselves liberally
for the pubtlc schools, in order that
their usefulness may be increased,
and that tho opportunity for educa
tion may be given to all of our boys
and girls. We must encourage the
si-it of self-help, and every dis
tric t should first impose a local tax
by the vote of its resident voters be
fore receiving State aid. Yet, the
growth of the public schools will 1e
determined largely by the anount of
State aid. Weak country schools in ist
tne helped and every community miist
1re encouraged to have at least a
seven months' term, and no .toacier
should be required to teach more
tha- fifty pupils. The State cannot
have an educated and efficient citizen
ship unless it extends help to weak
and undeveloyed districts. Any con
miunity voting - liberal tax and en
rolling forty or fifty children, should
be assured of adeqiate educational
facilities. It is the duty of tie State
to make up defleiencies in such dis
tricts. The right-thinking people of
South Carolina will stand for this ex
penditure of public money, and ivi!l
indorse the position that we cannot
spend puiblic Imloney better thani in ed
ucating the citizen. The people real
iz, and d'enand that the shame of
illiteracy must be blotted out from
Mill Town Schools.
The probleni of public schools in
manufacturing centres and mill
tp wns demands attention and study.
The State cannot longer overlook the
needs of children in such commu
nities, and should encourage the
spirit of self-help and public respon
sibility that will brinrr substantial and
marked results ' in public education,
Mivic growth, and community coopeTa
tion and development. I recom
mend that the State department of
nducation be given such additional
help In its forces that will enable it
to do in mill schools what has been
c1le so effnetively In high schools and
As soon as aiplo school facilit~les
'hall have beenl provide(l, the welf:ar.
af our people demands that our cill
d ren shall be reqit i red to attend lt
schtools. Thie policymof the State Is to
ol ucate all the peoplle at. tihe expent~se
nif all th1: people for th11 wel :tire of
IIll lie ipeole. I recoimmend11(, the re
fore, the enactm11ent of a com~ipuIso ry
[it n1adntIee law with1 local option 'fea
turec. We mu tst strive to bing each
anid every comn iaity' to the point of
vintg sehlool CaelliItics; and,1 wher ever'
these fzreilities aret aequired, to re
iir eh wlool at tenda ly'e.
P'e iture to( you rsel ves wvhat it. woulId
mean to South Carolina if all of her
cit izens were' educa'ted,~ and for- lhe
atta~l~iment of this obljcOt we gIve 0our
hest and~ tillfaltoin ig effort,
I recommend, as a companlion aot
to the com1ptulsory at tendiance law with
local option feature, that you wilt
amienld thle law 01n child-labor by rais
ing the age limit, fronm'twelve to four
Taixatioii anti Assessmeint.
We all agree that change is needed
in our tax laws. We have, ini the past,
given moreo attenlltin to approplria
tions than to r'evenute. WVe must. in
crease outr irevenute or' decreiase our
explend~itures in ord(er to stop the
ever-growing (deflelency. The reports
of the diepartmlentts reveal the fact
that there is now a large accuimulated
dleflitency that must be providled for.
Acmessments are now unequal amnd mn
jtist. Mtuch pr'oper'ty escapes0 taxa
tion; dlfferenit classes of' piroperly at''
assessedi at (differeint percenltages or
their value. Increased oxplenitiures
for edutcaitional and~ cha~tritablle insatiu
tions, atq well as incr'eased exlOnIses in
the judicial depatment, tnecessiltte
the deovising of progressive and tmore
modetrn methods of raising reventue.
I would therefore trecommend that a
tai* commisaion be0 createdl to exaumine
into this subject and suggest 'a bill
embodving a plan of revision of ouri
'(Omniintreil 'on Page Two.)
DEMOCRA1 IC CLUB
St:'irtIres Throan Aro i Vo ini. by
The (eittdemor.i chil mt inl th
It. l.. HaIlbb. presidentf, presi'lingl. .\l oril
th1irty voterls werek, present. The first
isilless of the club was the re--organ -
ization1 fol- the comina two yers. HZ.
N.. 111Ab was re-veled precsident",
1P. Brooks, vice- president, Arth il. I'e,
.e(cretary, and P,'. W. Copeland, tres
u rer. These ollicers were ui1:nanim11ous
ly elected, no oppyositioll to ally o0
of them developing.
The following execitive cominiUtee,
whose (ties 11O to 111a arrang
men(11ts for file eletlon :,n(d delaelie uon
the assessmen1 ts of can didates, were
(-le-ted: Ward 1, W. (. Rloss; \\'ard
2, .John Cuinni.,gnham; \\ardl 3, .1. H
Putnam111; Ward -1, .1. WVade .\ndersonl;
\\'a d -,, .1. T. r w : W ard- 6;, .J. ".\l
Cardy. It was decildd 1 that th. rule
heretof'ore prevadilng that only the
aldidates lor m1a:yor he aa'ssd
s' ojuld remain inl force(.
The followlig enri'ollini g Comminti
Were n amed by the presidenit: Ward 1.
C. I. Aloseley; Ward 2, .1. It. Ellis;
-d 3, .hnPutnam; Ward -4, J1. A.
Taylor ; Ward ~>, .john E. Switzer ;
Ward 6, L,. R. Blackwell. The duty
of enrolling committeemen is to can
vis their respective wards and enroll
n' citizens entitled to vote. These
lists, when completed, are certified to
aind handed to (lhe secretary of the
club who in turn files them with the
president for further disposition. The
itles of the party provide that citizens
of the United States who have been
residents of the city of Laurens for a
period of four months prior to tie
general election to be held in March
are entitled to vote.
Outside of the election of officers
and the attention to routine matters,
the Only husiness coming 111 before
the meeting wits the settlement of the
status of foreign born residents of
the city. The rules of the party be
Ing indefinite on tils point, a motion
was introduced and prevailedi provid
ing that unnaturalized*eitizens of' for
eign birth should not be entitled to
vote in the primary.
SHOW WINDOW R01iUiED.
Todd.Simpson Coimpany's Win dow
Broken into Tuesday Night.
That thieves are getting very hol(
in this vicinity of late Is proven by
a robbery Tuesday night in the very
heart of the city, on the, north-west
corner of the public square, and not
two hundred feet distant from an ec
tric arc light. Tile show window of
Todd-Slm pson Company, on the corn
er of Main and South 1Harper street,
opposite the Peoples Lonn1 & Exchlangiie
Bank, was broken into and several i -
tIcles oi value, including a shot-gaui,
were taken. The heavy plaate gi:;s
was baroken with1 sagne bh1int1 ins tru'l
ment andi the ar'ticles werea driawnl
ttroughI the large 1h0 li ae by lthe
blo0w. Al though thaere'a were't tw Wgun)
p1laeed very close together('I in t he win
dlow, tile tilef took only one (if ithun,
Wedniesday night it, was repoiritad to
(Chief oif P ol ice 1kg well th at a man21
wl' h a shot gun land bioarded'a the0 1a
stngeir train that mnornling and gottan
off at Rloebuck. liThu rsay mnoringa
-thei chief look the train for Rloebuc'k
rnd11 begana a trail of thle su spected no'
gr'o. )'ollowi'ng citues froan Roebuicki
to Patul in e, back to Roebuek a nd
thlence to Si.ritanburg on foot, ;a d
tanlce of eigh t miles, and1( then to Vedla:r
Springs, ito finatlly locatled l.uis mani.
le turnaed out to lie one I). C Suber,
alrea y wated In the iiower' part,. (if
the ehtjnty fourombbery. Chief Flag
weoll retiurned with his prisoner ler'i
day3 a'ndi locked him up for safe keep
inag. Wh~ien foumni be didl not have Ite
giun and1( no traces soiild be foun ud of
It. Ruiher' deli s that ihe entered th
Platy t Iiliekory Taierni.
Theire will be a play, 'The ('ricket
on The hlearth," giveni at Hlickory Tar
(ernl school F'ridlay night, .Tannuary 29th.
beginning at 8 o'clock. Admisslon fee
25c and 10, the proceeds to lie used for
the benefit of the school.
Teachers Take Examinat ion.
Supt. . 11. Sullivan hlcd a teach
er's examination in the court house
F'riday. There were 17 white appli
cantsannd ttwnlve negroce.
CO he 11'.n 1o lAid APPOiNEr
1711 l~li A i'A :Ii ;0(1111 (1 Di w n-o
:0ior 1ilh Office in Colmbi ia.
T;!e f'rienld. of Col. 0. \V. iHata,
i l it oin o", O! lo l m lm itary
.intlov' Witi 'iahed; inTho
(ii i P 1 j ;ir ih l ey;,i
"It r r the Nat l iost
C-ii' )Io :i;i (.l C o l'im , .a\tij r i()i a
(aw ii f('iioivI. !dlI I aild ll-~*
IV I 1. of Ais djuta ntt lI v i toyin
hi' ll he wo itb lis e te dutis im
l.uIni . Xlajo: llb 's home Is at Co
1111tobiI il will work iunider tato
i eiitonsa . itor Mol. I\Alobloey,
.liior itabb hae IS beeni conn ed
wlith thli Naion li (luard of this state
forV m1ort (inuIl 11) years, amd received
ill 911, hi col I to sion, b VCoi 1 n1gII,
atanof Companly 1). F irstluaty
La, 11u en- Inl'I l0, 11ponl rCCOm1
itindahtion of Adinta:it Gener-i:01 lloyd,
.\ijor 1abbA w::s apopiteid as:istant
ad1111111ti1n ;enral by (;ovoern"orl Aisol,
to fill (hoe texpired term of Col. W.
T.liock. A.ll. a b as reappoinlt
(.( to this, plosition Inl 1911 uponl recomi
mlenlati.onl of .\djutant G"eneral .\looreo,
imnd in u9!), h ta la ed t lited
Soates disbursing oteleer for this stat
"Before coming to Columbia Iin 1910,
Major abb was assistant clerk of
court at L~aurens, Where hie lived for
a itmh111er of years. Hie Is well knlown
throughout the State, to thle general
public as well as fin military circles,
particularly fin the Piedmont section
of thle State.
"Major Babb will be succeeded by
Major J. Shapter Caldwell, of Charles
DEATH OF M1S. OXNElt.
Widow of the Late E. T. Oxner Dled
at Home of her Daughiter Sunday
Isabella 0. Oxner, widow of the
late Emanuel T. Oxner, of Hunter
township, died at the home of her
daughter, Mrs. V. W. Marlini, Onl East.
Ma Iin streeLt Sunday morning at 2i0
'clock. The reamins were car-led to
the Shady Grove celietery, in tile low
er section of the county, Monday and
inter'ed there beside her husband
who preceded lier abotil een years
Nrs. Oxnier was approaching her
seventy-ninth year of life, having been
horn in 1836, a daughter of a Mr.
Braddock, a lending citizen of the
county at that time. She was mar
ried to Mr. Oxner in l85-i. For more
than 58 years of her life she was a
consecrated member of the Shady
Grove Presbyterilan chulrch and lived
a life of marked piety.
'During the past several years Mrs.
Oxner has lived with her children In
l.aurens. The followiig sols an(I
:tugliters survive her: Mrs. W. A.
Cmu phell, T1. L. Ox n er, R. MI. Oxner,
F. 11. Oxier, Mirs. A. -. luill, Mrs.
J1ones C'ulbertisoin, .llrs. .1. L. Hod(1ge
and Mrs'.. ('. W. Mlart in. Thriee sister's
01ls0 surivive iier, as folows: Mris. R.
d I'arki. of (Grani'oodi, N'.\.Fan
T' hld Plltr .I'l Met ime.
to .\lr. N. II. Dial that he will1 I.e iln
Lauri enis Fiday~t~ andl will giv64 a t ali
1ly, aI mleetinog han beeni ar:ranged to
be held( ini the reari (office of thie i'1n
terprlise Nationli 11ank1 at 7::0
P'. Ni. The mieetinig will be open1
to the piubhli 01nd all whoi( art' inttresi
0(d inl chickenis arie lnvit ed to lie
Ipresenit. In case thie criowd Is lool
la rge fori this r'oomil, 0otherI Ii~ iuat ers
n ili be sought.
Barbher Sloi Sold.
Mr. Thomas NMoye, who has con'iiuet
ed a bairber shiop in the llarksdailt
buIldIng foir some tim1e, lirs 5(ohi Out
to NIr. Ctolemnan Whiami who wIll ('0n
duclt. tihe buiessi(5 in the fut uire. NIr.
MoNlye and famiily' will move to .4miiteri.
Mrs. WillIm A. Jiames, of Athant a,
sipent. several days last wecek wih Mri.
anid Mr's. Jlohn Spr'att.
NMiss .Janiie Gainigton, who hals
charge of the Tomato clubs or this
county is here, and will be at the
home of Mr. T. A. Wigington with
her sister', Miss Maggie Garlington.
Anderson Daily Mail.
R0 I iSOU'CS . S Il
to:: o i' p i - u v 1d -
N) t 1
:11 i? .7 1:4a ~*l 1 i
G overn;; l ' k14i t
has bI('i~en markeds tby c rm l
en I.::r ieidet' s i fontro .ses.
Wh'lile prac'tieinig lawy in Newherry,
S. I:., he be :mne a4 tive in. pities
rlnd inl 89 was elected to the stato
house of represent ativMes. Ile also
soed In the State sinate an was
president pro'( teml of that body~ ini
,fter a heated cantipaign in 1 t,
in which IUlease (leteat ed the prIohi1
hit Ion element's candidate in the
)eiocratic pimaries, he was in-.
augIated as gover no)r in . lanua iy,
191 . Ills iiilnugo ra a cd roess waIs (oin
sidered a unique State document in
that it contained scath inlg denu ncia
tion of some of the new governor's
eon es. Shortly after i.le assumed
o ce lie begani ext ening clemency
to Onvets in the State penitentiary
decla rinig that a i!vat ely conidufc ted,
nstItutiodn at the Io wat oys a I"t
berc losis breeder."
One statement at tribu tted to teli
governor at the tiaie a he woIl d
free at least onie iIsoner tfor (ich
day he served as governor,"
9 lease was renosninated in \IS : in
the uemocrntic prmaries, d ftic e ing
Ira B. Jones who resigned as ehli ef
jostice of the state supreme i'oirf
to piiose hil. lls seoend term cc.wa
marked by dismissal of vi rtuially all
the notaries of pub S1l from oilee; his
dismissal of a numbc u npgistrates
who had incurred his dsvor. ndlit his
participation in a nnpre of aiblic
eontroversies with iembra of the
State supreme cort and other St ate
olleils, lie tIl tbmtae in1voled in
a dispmte with. thie fedlerat wa r' dc
partmeat over State milita i fn (aires
dan lieveal svdys ago he issur d an
'leae a 10 -ot 1 islat i hlv
1 iv D eim -a in '.r. :e i'e ree
Jub ie of the sai' Stll rth-l( cI hi
ton o e v ixe liti i \\ till
t ' siu i f rt ig h
wark'd not dimloyal rol vitualry anl
the inchins of l fom ifty Ia
iskina o w vinitn
ON tIl'OltT.\ANT' ((OMMITI'l: I.
Tho hat Inurenis ('ots (I elern ln his
parediptiny Ili i the .poricn
ment of ('ommitteor
C inl th(e'i -s o ith Iit'm ntm sof forlt
til' 1os e o Invpvt :il
aou dil Wiveth das s1(I- W,', byo-k
! Iiiit, ove Q. t tth v Tu r in i d il : :I n
ad imsevral iny a lff , iuu place Tl
W.y ;a i'ai;t icorpora Ions I. yD. 1;tyd,
liouse and~ grounds. S. 11. Goggaes.
Senator (Goodwin, whio has been In
the Senate for Iwo years, is already
a imemIII r seve comilttees.
With Bramidic Sm!101nney.
or Was Rcceived il
Given for His Resigam'i
('olumbia, tin. it. --'o!' 12. lilrr.aw
today rti ir '(as South ('aoiina's gov.
I rnOr vive dnays Wore his second emm
of two year 4 would huve ende 1. 11
. itation, ent to '44ecrva ary of Slltl
M :(' 4n, a s by i lnit by a bri,
messagieto 1 ti a l i i - inl
t miug the tLer. th.' s
N4) f'mal il ~i iailipirera aat
iom~itiet thiner oftheou or re~
lie arivd seSate I(a Iy
snce ' in't\ o the etmiteChi. ro:ei;no:
nsors . th dree on of gien :r. MrO
I r1esei d sr vnrl asine friah . til
etmids chief yn to hoe oft
ilui it Wit 511( thgatd Wlkeq~s~~ lo
tet utsidrm ( 'h~lpe~ilei i'eed.ins
Garyn of the minte, uree out, ad
minsteed the et a at i r.ver
No paetiondsverl Sate ofa theien.
"ernomrhed rs Smi toen e govr
nao forlce Ltgand asgn. Waler pre
sent of Sthe Cntciefl, auomat
fileil Nv:Onare i oltia ofpoents~
Ineete to the ecietenat overn.
p. mthmwr aea i~tn
o l reeious iidatinl i thet gthv.
Fno 'stion w ctve na n ivn andn
icason to as assign. Tothe es
enwegsatras crtl yhefl compo ed ofli
menh whegro r are his f riopoents
and to a sadythan th Upsst
f teenle t Tusdaye m gtbssag u thtt
notal actionllway was equally terse.
Governielect ichard 1, Mann g
wI'ill bec i naugu ratedI net( t ITuesday. IQ;
fll becm a oitical o ofleit of Mr.
Illae ari efyt ed anet. io rno
ith, endorsed by Governor fiense
fr the D emocra tic nlomlinatloll last
August. Mr. Bleanse, at that the was
defeated for the Deaocrate nomi
ialon for ited States senator by
sllion D. Sith the Incu entf .
Governor Blease, sometimes called
"the stormy learel of South aro
lina" was accounted one of the most
tActuresquo figures in American imb
Iic life. Original in conception and
daring in executlon, his administration
ha.; been milarkled by), many insual r<
tions. Numerous grants of elmecy ':
to State prisoners, public stateiments
whih w 'ere '15 ontuiedi to mean ith tin
wtNa v attake hit women,~-t t t(l4 t144
:eocenit diishratiing of the Soir t'ar
1olalil a t 1 r nt at 1
"!lve' th pardonin a!(vnl" ':.
(on : s:a Ir. "'I v,. n i a ve th I
tiah'r' I lor unt o1' ot tice.
.ist. baefore reil rgi tday hae 5.1 ad
27 (lemenci(y ganiits5. Four men0 sa'n
teneedl '1o life imp rLisnmenit fairi mr'
der'i were prarole'd anid four others re
Hox Supper nt Mt. Pleasant,
The box sitlper thait was adv oi' erl
to bre at .\t. Ptleasat thie 2th of lDe
(ellmber wats indrefinately post toned'i rai
have niow deaclied to thave Uia n h
nighit of January 27th. The trrocee'da
are for tihe V. W. .\. soelr'ty. .\ inaU
Ora Store Hlobbedl.
Tihe Stoic of R1. F. M\oor'e, at Gra,
was5 e ierd 1by thieves Ii Thurday
niight aind some1 smlalI chianiga besides
in uinknown1 (lianttit y of g roceries
were taken. Tile robbers were thbought
to be white ment whio hlad loiter'ed
arounid the railroad station durring the
anv. Thny have not been caught.