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VOLUME XXX. LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA, WEDNeSDAV, MAY 26, 1915. NUMBER 44
WITH THN TETONS
Joins the Allies in Titanic
IN EVERY QUARTER
Although Drastic Action has been
Looked for Momentarily, Italians of
all Classes have been Electrified by
Swiftly Moving Events.
Rome, May 23 (via Paris)-Italy
is at war with Austria-Hungary. With
the issuance of the general mobiliza
tion order, the Italian government is
sued a proclamation declaring war on
Austria which officially will begin to
Prior to this, and after a lengthy
consultation, the ministers of war
and marine proclaimed all the prov
inces bordering on Austria and the
islands and coast town of the Adri
actic in a state of war, which was
equivalent to the establishemnt of
martial law, the step usually preced
ing the formal declaration.
Although drastic action has been
looked for momentarily, Italians of
all classes have been electrified by
the swiftly moving events. Early this
morning great crowds gathered around
the Quirinal to await the ministers,
who called on the king for the pur
pose of discussing the question and
signing the decree.
Walen Premier Salandra and Signor
Sonnino, the for'In minister, left the
palace the peopl cheered them en
thusIastically. Gen. Zuppeli, minis
ter of war, and Vice Admiral Viale.
minister of marine, remained with
the king for a considerable time after
the others left and later they had a
.conference with Lieut. Gen. Cadorna,
chief of staff, and Vice Admiral
Phaon di Revel, chief of the naval
When the first blow will be struck
can not be foretold but after many
months of preparation the army,
which has been greatly strengthened,
and the navy, are ready. Exceeding
ly strong forces are in position all
along the Austro- Italian frontier, on
the Austrian side of which feverish
preparations have been going on the
last few days to make the forts as
strong as possible, and to clear the
way for effective artillery action.
The German ambassador, Prince
von Buelow, and the Austrian ambas
sador, Baron von Macchio, are still
in Rome, so far as is known. They
have waited to the last moment in
tMe hope that some way might be
foun4 to prevent a eln8h at arms.
They will be given saife condluct vhenI
they do leave, and so far as German
PnM A11drlan residentm in Italy are
oibcerne"d, E e 1ot. h been Made
to see them safely out of the countr'y.I
On the other hand, most alarng flj
r'eports4 have ben receied g the
Italians that ttitAd' idenftA in th
Aust~zan 'i1,iti are experieheit gl'eat
dliffleulty ini retulrnli ~tb lIaly andI
in many vases had\ boen placed unti
der arrest -
'AceOrditd to The Giior~eale dlialia,!
the' pV~ulemns confrqtingr the dlplo-j
aG( accredlited to the vatican, has
been solved sntisfactorIly,. 'Austrian
and German diplomais, Inrina the
situatIon in Italy. will -depart as it
they \vere 516l'eiy taing theii- num
me1r va.',allons b~j'ore the Nrgular
time. it had bmi urged by soti that
the 1Italkilr kbiernmeont move ', nergeti
ally With rbhipect to these dIplomatic
refl'esentiitive and othenI~'that the v'at
icah 'reait any effort tb force them to
withhiraw. Bunt thet% 'extreme meas
. From Germany Comes Teliorts 'th~tl
considerable s'?Xinent, ta felt in dfl
cial iuarterk 'here 'akainsat \va is
alleged te 'i% the r'tistinaecy 'of R'ho Aus
trian $1jlomacy, Vespo6nsilel for the
fail~i'e of the nieg6tla'tide with Italy
tffated by. Prfhb Vo*I Buelow, the
er)oman amadi The ,suggestfton
lhad been oVdh r,1ade that. Autl Ia
should be idt/ioueo to. fight alWt) liut
pIj#'es i lli by the Germj o4-ral
btaff~ianel~ the German. ~ r per
s1If, Nith 1Dnlpergz' ~V~ds' , oseph
eosultd in the, triun pth ,'seu advo
eating Austro-OgszI 4p1~ rity evee
'in a newgg agat~t
SAbout, 890,000. and Hu:i
gar , e Aeen conce
ifA d 5 atCinsurin
DEATH OF RAYMOND BISHOP.
Well Known Young Man of the Watts
3ill Village Jied Friday.
Watts Mill, May 24.-On last Friday
morning at 4 o'clock, 'Mr. Raymond
Bishop, age 22 years, a well known
young man of this place died at the
City Hospital. He had been carried
there to undergo an operation for ap
pendicitis, but the end came before
the operation could be performed.
The funeral services were conduct
ed by Rev. J. A. Brock on Sunday
.morning at eleven o'clock, at Lucas
Avenue Baptist church, after which
his remains were laid to rest by the
W. 0. W. Mr. -Bishop was a son of
Mr. and Mrs. T. F. Bishop of Winter
Park, Fla. He leaves a wife and two
small children, also two sisters to
gether with a host of friends and other
relatives to mourn his loss.
Mr. Edd Sorgee has recently Tur
chased a new Ford automobile.
Mrs. Alice Frady returned home on
Sunday, after a week's visit with her
son in Spartanburg.
Mr. and 'Mrs. George Frady of Gray
Court, were the guests of Mr. and Mrs.
D. C. Jones on Saturday and Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Thomas visited
at the Clinton orphanage on Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. G. E. Moore and Miss
Claudia Moore were guests of MNr. and
Mrs. J. M. Moore on last Wednesday.
Miss Octavia McQuown, of Clinton,
visited her father, Mr. E. Y. McQuown,
Mr. George Davis, of Greenville, was
the guest of his sister, Mrs. W. E,.
Burns, on Sunday.
The little children of Mr. Dave Crow
and Mr. D. M. Waldrop, who have
been real sick for several days, are
now getting along nicely.
Born to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Waldrop,
J. T. Johnson, Jr., Appointed.
Jos. T. Johnson, Jr., son of Judge
Jos. T. Johnson, former congressman
from this district, has been appointed
internal revenue collector for this
state. He was sworn in April 26th,
but his appointment had not been
made public until several days ago.
This position is similar to the one
which a Union man refused to accept
several weeks ago because lie consid
ered himself unfit to fill it.
Miss Fra ser Coming.
Miss Mary E. Frayser of the Home
Economics Extension Department has
been asked to spend two weeks in
June in Laurens county. During this
time a number of short courses In
cooking will be given.-School Journ
Made All-State Team.
W. T. Wolff, of the Shiloh section' of
this county. has been selected by
"Doe" Pressley, Vie former Yirginia
state leaguer, as one of the pitchers
on an "All-State" college team. Wolff
has made a great record as a horse
liidc flinger at Erskine this year,
Sh1igin tbkyeiidei suniday.
There will W i singing conventioff
9t iii A~ iue Church next Sunday,
Mity Nith, bcginning at 10 o'lock in
t Inorning. The puhlic is cordially
invited to attend and to bring dinner
them eomimissair~at supplies.
Although Field Marshal von Mar
shall Consad von H-oetzendot't, ohiaf
of staff of the Ausldii arnuy, had
prepart'd i'or uhfliy years for a poss5i
ble ontbreak of wvar between Austria
andi italy. the belief 18 held her that
the, camplaign will be condluctedi by
the German general ataff, which, Wil
it is said, plan a Atring of ot'enasI'e
movements againsat Italy ini Nhe hope
of breaking the Italian linen and forc
ing their \Way into Itiani territory,
thereby arousing alunah andl striength
enhhA ie feeling f'avorable to peace.
9houild such An nt tempt fail through
the iesistaneo of the Italian, army, the
Austrians and G:ermans would then
have to ves;ort to defensle measures
against ,t certain invasion. Tho Auis
triaA~ Oeienses aro particularly strong
and. have been constructed evory wher.
&.et nlong the D)almatian ennst which
is already protected by fixed and float
hig mines and guarded by a ao?.eh sub
marines, carrying German efilth'rs and
The Austrian Yieet 'h ''ddntred ajt
Pola with only a few. totipedo boats
andl destroyers a-tt 'Ctt'ai'o End Spalato.
Other Austeten Wati~rllis "are in the
pal1matIa arctteldgo 9n the northeast
b~okst of the Aarfatfb t. Naval mea,
here 49 xbt 'o'dhsi'd ',i likely that the
98 tyt 'iW1 . e Pola uless
fasn Mb ;iias etta~ck. -
The entrance of Italy into the world
war which began last August increases
the number of States engaged in the
conflict to 11. Italy, allied with Ger
many and Austria-Hungary since 1882
in the Triple Alliance, was called on
last summer shortly after the assas
sination of the Austrian crown Prince,
to support the Germanic empires. ' She
declined and there began a series of
diplomatic negotiations which soon re
solved themselves into efforts on the
part of Germany and Austria-Hungary
to induce her to remain neutral.
Prince von Buelow, an astute Ger
man statesman, whose wife is an
Italian woman, was sent to Rome. He
labored indefatigibly for months but
in vain. He offered Italy certain parts
of Austrian territory as the price of
neutrality, but her answer always was
"It Is not enough." It now appears
that Austria did not really believe
Italy would enter the field against
In the meantime there had arisen
in Italy a war party led by the "Ir
redientists," which made its voice
heard in no uncertain terms. Dis
patches from Rome for months past
have indicated that the sentiment for
active participation was stronger by
far than that for continued neutrality.
'lhe cabinet of Premier Salandra
resigned early in 'May. A wave of
patriotic ferver swept the ountry and,
the people were loud in their demands
for a beginning of hostilities. Troops
had to be called out to maintain
order. Relatives of King Victor Em..
manuel were hooted and there was
talk of revolution. The emperor of
Austria-Ilungary was burned in ef
figy in Rome and ex-Premier Giolitti,
leader of tie paciflcists, was driven In
These evidences of the popular de
termination had their effect. The anl
nouncement that Premier Salandra's
ministry would continue In office
brought instant calm. The Triple Al
liance was denounced by Italy May
4, but even after this diplomatic en
deavors were continued, Austria of
fering Italy further concessions as
late as May 10.
Italy's first move on land undoubt
edly will be against the Austrian fron
tier. The mountanous character of
tile territory wherein the opposing
armies face each other promises op
erations and fighting of the most (11111
cult nature. For several weeks past
both the Austro-Hungarians and the
Italian armies have been fortifying
along the dividing line.
So far as known, the Italian fleet is
mostly in the Adriatic, under the com
mand of the Duke of the Abruzzi. It
Iq generally believed the fleet will
proceC'l promptly against the naval
trengthl d! Austria in these waters.
It.9 ,i4n nelles are less than 800
Jones Pienic Thunrsday.
Several parties from this city and
and muany other from the County at
tendled the annual picnic at JIones
school, near Ware Shoals, Thursday
Although the crowd wvas not as large
pai on) previouls occasions, because of
threatening Weatiher early hii the~ day
anid olpeting attractionis elsiiWate,
the (lay wvas thlloougly enjoved by all'
wvho attended. Desides~ the interest
ing pr'ogl'ni render'ed 1by the school
children, addresses were made by
lion. Ri. A. Coper, of thisa city, C'on
grcssmlan hever, of Lexingtoni, and
Ex-Senator Jlohn L. .\ecaurin, of
WVaterloo and Sulperintenldent of Edu
cation .J. iF. Widleman, of Greenwood,)
als. mnade a few remarks in1 Preseet
ing medals to successful Qtantstanlts
complinm'nting the school Ylistrict for
its adlvanicement ulo~ng edlucational
linfls, poinlttng out thiat it was the~
first distrIet 'in the county to put in
to force the pr'ovisions (if tile new com
*Untisory education law. Dri. .W. T. Jloncs
*p'N~eie over~ the exercises in is us5
ual graceful manner. Followlng the
completion of tis part of the program
dinner wvas served upon the grounds,
the people of the vicinity adding still
more to theoir fame for cleverness and
Miss Pay Hughes and Mr.,YE. A.
Branson, two popular young yIdbple
of the county, were maried a t Ih
homle of 3dr. Johin Brnet Rev. -5. 4.
IMela perforng~a'e qoel21th.
D FOR THE WAR
miles from southern Italy and her par
ticipation in the operations against
these Turkish positions is expected.
One great purpose of Italy in en
tering the war is to gain possession of
"tairedeeled Italy," a sweep of Aus
trian territory north or east, near the
head of the Adriatic. This region,
which includes Trent and Triests, is
Italian in all but nationality. The ter
territory in dispute may be defined
roughly as the sections of Austria
south of a line drawn in the Rhaetian
Alps, where Italy, Austria and Switzer
land meet, eastward to the Carnic
Alps, and thence southward along to
the Italian Alps and again eastward
so as to include Flume. This territory
is called Italia Irredtntia (Unredeem
ed Italy) because it once formed part
of the Italian states of the Middle Ages
and because most of the people are
of Italian stock. For the same reason
the Dalmatian islands are considered
to be part of "Unredeemed Italy."
Aside from tie Dalmatian islands,
the territory southwest by Italy In-.
Cludes about 8,000 square miles, with
more than 1,000.000 inhabitants.
When the European war began
Italy's army was considerably below
the normal peace footing, estimated
at 300,000 men. Almost half of these
troops were in Tripoli.: Three classes
of men were called to colors imme
diately and others were stmmoned
from time to time until the active,
or ilrst line army numbers more than
1,000,000 men of all arms. The age
init of a reservist in Italy is 52. Men
between that age and .10 form the ter
ritorial army, consisting of eight
classes amounting to about 1,150,000
second line troops. There also are
about 1,000,000 men trained, but ex
empt from military service, who in
case of urgent necessity could be
called to arms. Volunteer corps like
wise could be formed, so that Italy's
total war strength, including resources
of all kinds, is figured at about 41,000,
In eight months Italy has spent
$100,000,000 in military preparations.
Particular attention was paid to artil
lery and her equipment in this arm is
said to be unexcelled in the world's
Italy has a powerful fleet of mod
ern warships. The Duke of the Abruz
zi, cousin of King Victor Emanuel, who
is the chief naval officer of Italy, re
cently assumed command of five dread
naughts, the most powerful squadron
ever assembled under the Italian flag.
In addition Italy has eight battleships
of the predreadnaught type, nine arm
ored cruisers, 13 protected cruisers
and the usual complement of destroy
ers and torpedo boats. She also has
Italy's population (1913) is given
as 35,238,000. Military or naval ser
vice is compulsory and universal.
LAIIENS WINS (OUPLE,
local liigh School 'Team DefeatedI
WoodiruNf ansi Cross~ H1ll Last Week,
In two very exciting gamues of base
ball the Laurens high school team dec
feat ed Woodrutff school team and the
Cross Hill school team last wveek, On
Triesda~y the i local .tjiitd journeyedC~ to
Woodlruff andl there scalped the htomeu
team by3 the score of 6l to 5. The fea
tu res of this game were the ph ehhufl
of Fuller for L~aurenus, wh'. l'an ned
a dlozen men and the bsitumg and biase
running of Swink M's Woodlruff.
Friday afternooli the Laurens gang
sailed for t'?Oss 11111 and took a very
ceitiur game from them by the
score of 13: to it0. 'The outstanding
l'enture of this performance seems to
have beeni the errors of the Laur ens
team, though the classy lheaving of
Fuoller again saved the day.
Speciahl Program~ Sunday Night.
The regular weekly meetinug of the
Christian Endecavor society, which will
be -heldl at the Presbyterianl etirtch
Sunday night at ?!43, a ll) be made
more interesting than iustral by3 a site
cially prIeimre~ pr'grhim. .\ tr. J1. ('.
Sahuill, Who is -ag'i'adttate of l3aruch
Univertsit'y, 'ill iMka an address ont
tore'ign .fna'fo'h 'neeils in Syria. Mirs.
Elhfa 90~e Whb 'has seen much of
Miex'ie-ah .life, Will address 'the nieet
Sig 4Wh:'fb diiission nioldsf itexico
Voc'al gelections will be song by Mrs.
MsI. :k. Xiti and . Roer Roper,
'd(ijfe Mrs. J. H. 'Thdneill give a
ading. The "Bllfli~ift'd' to at.
DEATH OF YOUNG LADY.
Miss Itameble Young, Daughter of Mrs.
Veo. P. Yonng, Died Wednesday.
Miss Itamelle Young, a notice of
whose critical illness appeared in the
last issue of this paper, failed to re
spond to medical treat ment accorded
her and on Wednesday morning at an
early hour breathed her last. She had
been in declining health ror several
months and her condition had been
critical for several days preceding het
death. Blood poisoning had set in
about a week previous to her death so
the end was not unexpected.
The funeral services were held
Thursday afternoon in the Laurens
cemetery, Rev. C. F. Rankin, conduct
ing them. A large number of friends
and relatives followed the body to Its
last resting place. Floral tributes
were numerous and beautiful.
The following gentlemen acted as
pall bearers: honorary-Col. H. Y.
Simpson, R. F. Fleming, A. C. Todd, M.
H. Hunter, Dr. R. E. Hughes, Dr. N.
D. Ferguson, 31aj. W. A. Watts, .1. D.
Watts, J. R. Ellis, C. H. Roper, C. D.
Moseley, J. Lee Langston; active-E.
V. Ferguson, Charles Fleming, Boyce
Clardy, Clyde K. Ray, Henry Irby, F.
H. Caine, W. G. Lancaster, Vlyde
Franks, Robert Roper, Clarence Me
Kinney, C. R. 31oseley.
Aliss Young was a young woman of
a quiet, even disposition an(d lovable
character, with a peculiar fondness
for her home from which she was sel
dom absent. She was in the 261h year
of her age and a consistent member of
the Presbyterian church. She is stir
vived oy heir mother and the follow
ing brothers and sister: Stobo .. Young
of 'Detroit, Mich., G. Dudley Young, of
Gaffney, and Elizabeth Young, of this
Death of an Infant.
Little Ruth, the eleven months old
daughter of lr. and Mrs. Carl Fuller,
died early last Wednesday morning,
May 19th, after lingering for weeks,
suffering from severe burns accident
ly sustained on the .morning of Jan
uary 27th last. After the first. few
weeks of suffering the little one seem
ed to improve rapidly, and for a time
bright hopes of her ultimate recov
cry were entertained. But about two
weeks ago there was a change for the
worse, and from that time on the lit
tle life gradually ebbed out. The lit
tle body was tenderly laid'to rest be
neath a veritable mound of flowers,
placed by loving hands, in the family
plot at Chestnut Ridge church, the day
following her death. A large con
course of friends and relatives were
present to sympathize with the be
reaved and to drop a tear upon the
grave of this little one pncked so
early to shine as a beautiful star in
the diadem of the Master. The little
life, though brief, was not in vain;
for by reason of her sojourn in this
stricken home she has given father
and mother, brother and sister, a more
personal and a more definite interest
in Heaven. Mr. and Mrs. Fuller have
the sincere sympathy of a host of
friends in this their (lark hour of be
reavement andl sorrow.
Drug Stores Close~d Slnnday.
The drug stores and restautrants
went thle peace otlicers "one bet ter"
Sunday by c losinag uip ent irely for the
day inshoad of lest rioting sales to
neeess it it.l. It wvill be rememobered
t hat t he shoriffi put Ithle han on the
Sauday sel ling of' cold driniks and1( to
baceos several weekis ago and that as
a result cl erk~s anil ma nagers on Sunn
days have been moore orna men tal t hant
uisefl . The Iir1st Sunday afteor the
"blue laws" we*nt. into effec t lie d rumg
rto~res shortened t heir Snunday lionurs
by opening up in the morintgs onl y
and the act ion taken Sunday will of
course (10 away with Sunday selling
enitihely. Dioubtless this will meet
with the hearty approval of the peace
(iflicerg, \ lho ha ve cons idlered it a veryv
untlasanit duty to iprevent time ('oldi
dink flendis fr'om securing their ens
Ml(etingC oif ,11uni or Helriani lielief.
Thle Ju nior flelgiana lielief circle
w ill meet at i; o'clock this afternioon
atthie home of Miss Laiura Barksdale.
'All of the .mnmbers are reqi ested to
To' Giveo Benefit.
The Junior circle of the Belgian Re
lief 'committ'ee has contracted with tihe
mianlgerne'nt of the Opera House pie
ture ~ -sht6 divide proceeds of Thurs
day's 'doo" receipts. f'Lhe public is in
vites'tt'i1AD in tde worthy cause.
TO AWARD DIPLOMAS
Graduation Excercises of
City Schools Bigin Friday
DRAWING TO CLOSE
Exercises will Begin Friday Night with
Hacaulaureate Sernion. Class Day
Exercises Saturday Night. and Liter.,
ary Address Monday Night.
Friday evening at 8:30 o'clock the
commiencenent exercises of the city
schools will begin, when the annual
Baccalaureate sermon will be preach
ed by Dr. G. 0. Parkinson, of Duo
West. Dr. Parkinson Is a man of force
and scholarly attainment, so his ser
mon may be looked forward to with
On Saturday evening, the 29th, the
members of the graduating class will
render the class day program In the
school auditorium. These exercises
will also begin at 8:30. The following
is the program:
Address of Welcome-IHlattie 11. Sulli
Class Song-Members of 10th Grade
Class llistory-Rtebecca Clark.
Class Poem-Sarah Bolt.
Class Phophecy-.James McCravy. I
Class Will-lirian Brown.
Valedictory-by Scholarship Pupil not
Play, "A Roman Wedding".
The com.mencement exercises will,
close Monday evening with the award
ing of diplomas and the literary ad
dress by Rev. G. W. S-hipley ,of Alber
marle, N. C. Rev. Shipley is an elo
(iuent and earnest speaker, and will
doubtless bring a valuable messago
to his hearers.
The following are the members o'
the year's graduating class:
Sarah Bertha lolt,
Ruth W. Bagwell,
Rebecca W. Clark,
Frances F. Davis,
C'lara Lucile Nloore,
Ruth 11. McAlister,
Mary D. Sullivan,
Ilarriet II. Sullivan,
Sarah H1. Bolt,
.lessie F. Hill,
EIlla M. Putnam,
Cecil P. Roper,
Frank P. McGowan.
IDavid A. Blakely,
William Rush Blakely,
John D. Fuller,
.James H. McCravy.
Harriet H. Sullivan Is president o'
the class, Frank P. McGowan is vico
president and Mary D. Sullivan is sec
retary and treasurer. The class col
ors are pturple and old gold, the class
flower Is the swe(et pea and the mnotto
is "Non est vivere, sed valere vita".
.tris. Emmna llall Killed neari Tlium.
bling Shoals Sunday.l3
Mrs. IEmma llall, wife of Mi'. .lohn.~
I lallI, wvas st rueck by lightning anzd in-.
st antly killed at lher home nea r 'Ti um
bhing Shoals Suniday about noon. She
had juist aon e out of th l)'sittlinig roomll
and was main g a hasty trlip to theO
pia /za wheni the st roke 'a me thaf:
kiild h Ir. t'aami ini on lo f th Ile hiouis
after' the storm1 inadica ted that the ile0-'
trlie currenI(1t had first touichied on the
root, hlad followved thie rafters5 toi lie
pinit w.here .\hlrs. 1 kall wa .15 aniding
anid leaping fromi the rafiter. to hi'r
bodny just a few feett beclow.
.\li,. hlail is survived by her huis
ng in such an uniexprtedl Iiiuier,
was a grea':t shoek 1o bet' relatives andl
friends. 'The butrilal se-rvices wero
held at Rahu n Cr ieek li chu .\1onday,
b~einig laigely at tended.
Rock Irdge Schiool,.
There wvill be a sIx o'clock picnic
at Rock Bridge s(1hool on Fr'iday ev
enIng, .1 une 4th. After Ithe pienic a
play "Topsy Turvy, or the Courtship
of the Deacon" will be given by local
talent free of charge. Ref roshmentsa
will be served by the Jadies of the R.
'. I. A. for the imuprovemnent of the
school. The public is cordially invit
ed to be pt'esent. We pronie e d
IuIgIttal tIime to all.