Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME~ XXXIi LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 1917. U i 3
WILSON ASKS FOR ARMY
OF 500,000 FOR DEFENCE
America to Vindicate Principles of Peace and Justice
Against "Selfish and Autocratic Power"-Utmost
Cooperation in Counsel and Action with the Allies
.--Moblization of the Material Resources. Send
Navy for U-Boats.
ACTION DEF'ERED1) UNTIL TODAY. *
Washington, April 3.-The resolutionl deelaring a state of *
* war exists with Germany and directing the president to prose- *
ente war against the imperial German government to a sue
essful termination, was presented to thte senate today.
* Senator Ilitclicock, for the foreign relations committee, asked *
unianimous consent for its immediate eonsideration, but it weit. *
over under the rules oin objection by Senator La 'Follette. *
* When Senator LaI Follette objected to immediate considera- *
* tiol there wits it stormty seene betweeni hin and Senator Malrtin, *
* the Dmocrati leadier. This was interrupted by a burst of ap- *
* plause from the galleries which Vice President Ma rshall had (if- *
* ficulty in elicek ing.
* When order was restored Senator -Martin moved that, io other *
* busiless he taketi up1). The senate adjourned at 1 :03 p. in. until *
* 10 o'clock toiorrow morning. *
Washington, April 2.--Presideit Wilson tionight urged Congress,
assembled in joiit session, to declare a state o, war existing betweel
the t'niited States and (eriany.
lin a dispassionate, but unmeiiasired deulilciatioll of the eourse of
tWe Imperial Gernurn Governmnent, whicl lie elh1 ra cterizidA as a chil
I enge to all mankinud and a warfare against all ntions, the . resident
deelared that nuetutrality no longer was feasible or desirable where the
peace of tle world was involved; that armed neutrality had becomite
in-etfectitl enough at best and was likely to produce what it was Ieanit
to prevent, and urged that Congress nccept the guage of hattle with all
tile resources of the nation.
"I advise that Congress declare the recent colrse of the l.tmperial
( ermluani Government to -he in fact nothinlg less than war against the
governient and people of the United States" said the P-resident, "that
it fornmally accept the statius of helligerent, which has tis been thrust
upon it and that it take steps not only to put. the couitry in a more
thorough state of defense but. also to exert all its power and emiploy
all its resources to bring the Government of the G(ermaun eipire to
terms and end the wari.'
When the President had finished speaking resolutions to declare a
state of war existing were introduced in both houses of Congress, refer
red to appropriate conuittees, and will be debated tomorrow. There
is no doubt of their passage.
Thle objeets of the United States in entering the war, the Presidelit
said, were to vindicate the prineiples of peace an(1 justice against
"selfish and autocratie power." Without selfish ends, for conquest or
dominion, seeking no indemnities, or material compolensations for the
sacrifices it shall make, the United States must enter the Var, the Pres
idlent saidl, to man'ke tihe world safe for democracy, as only one of the
ehamnpionis of the rights of mankind, aItn would he satisfied when those
rights were ats securte ais thle faith and freediom of nat ions cnouldl make
The President's address was sent in full to Germany .by a Germanm
official news agency for publienation ipi that country. Thle text also
wenit to England aund a sunninary of its contents wats sent ariotund thue
world to other nations.
To carry on an effective warfare against the German government
which lie chiaracterizedl as a " 'natural foe to liberty,'' the Presidient
,IUtmost pract ical eo-operationt in counsel ad action withu the gov'
e)rnimnts atlreaidy at wair w~ithI Germany..
E'xtension of liberal tianicial credits to those governments so that
the resources of America muay be0 addled so far as posstible to thiris.
Organization and1( mobilization of all the material resources of the
Full equipment of the navy, patrticuularly for means of dealing
with submarine warfarte.
An army of at least 500,000) men, based on the principle of unaiversal
liability to ser'vice, and1( the authorizat ignu of aidditionlal iincremenits of
500,000 each as'they aire needed ori ennt b~e hanldiled inl training.
Raisinug necessary money for the United States government, so far
as5 possible withoutt borrowing and on thle basis of eluitable taxation.
All prep~arations, the President urgedl, should .be made(1 ill such
waIy as niot to cheek the flow~ of wari sutpplies to the nations already in
kthe field against Germany.
Measures to accomplish all these ends the President told Congress,
would bo presented with the best thought of the executive departments
which wuill be charged with .the conduct of the war and ho .besought
consideration for them in that light.
WILSON TO PARIDON
SEVEiBA T1i',IOUSA ND
Prosecutions nhere Suspensions of
Sivtenices Nullified by Sujpreme
Washington, Mlarch 1 I.-Attorney
General (regory anounced tonight that
President Wilson would exercise clem
eicy in at large number of federal pros
ecutions where suspension of sentences
had been nullifled by the Stupreme
Court's recent opinion holding such
Clemencv will be exercised, the at
torney general said, without applica
tions being made, in those cascs
where peas of guilty were entered
or verdicts of guilty returned prior to
June 15, 1916, but no sentences pro
nounced; and in those cases where the
sentence inposed was less than the
purlod between the date of !mposition
and June 15, 1917.
The number n ho will receive par
eons or commutations i. der the rul
4ng probably will run mio the thosi,
ands. Many of them have been at Ii
hetly for long Cio(3, id the jres
dent is understood to feel that the new
business and personal relations they
have been permiiitted to build 111p be
cause of eeiemency by the courts should
not be broken down. I' uder tle su
preme court opinion all of them would
nave been compel led to but for the
president's Intervention to return to
Attorney General Gregory issued
"The siprllic court on] December
I, 19111. without any dissent, in the
care of 0x-Parte United States, peti
floner (the Killits case) decided that
United S'tates District .fudges. bad no
power to suspend the imposition of
sentence or the executlan of sentence,
except for tile purpose of disposing of
judicial <questions. Only a portion of
tile district judges claimed tile right to
exercise such a power and the Killits
case was ins8tituited by the government
for tle purpose of settling the q uestion
and obtaining uniformity in tle admiin
Istration of the criminal laws.
S31ITI & LITTLE SELLI.I1. Or'.
Popular tltiig Firm to uno Out of
itiusiuess at Once.
Smith & Little, a well known gent's
furnishing establishment of the city,
have deeided 'to sell out their stock
completely and go out of business.
Their determination to sell out was due
to the apmarent certainty of war. Mr.
Smith, the senior member of the firm,
is second lieutenant in the local Na
tional Guard company, which expeets
a call now at any tnie, and Mr. Little,
the other mnieber of the firm, feeling
that his absence would greatly handi
cap the business, they decided to sell
out. This store has only been In busi
ness ror' about one year but during
that time they hav'e built up an excel
lent trade. Shortly alter going into
Lusiness !ast summer .\ir. Smith wVas
caledi to the colors and! served for six
nmonthis on the Mexican border. lie
has thus had the haurd luck, of being
away from his business practically all
of the time since f'ts organization.
(GUN (CLUll E1ilCTS OFFICEltS.
Heid Meeting Last Week at Cluib
lionse for the Purpose.
At a meeting held last week at thue
Gun Club! thie following offieers were
electedl to serve duinig the coming
year: President, Dr. C. P. Vincent;
Secretary and Tren.'urer, Mr. D). 13.
Swygert; Trap Manager, Mr. WVill W~al
drop. The club has been ini operation
now for over a mont!h and has about
thirty enthusiast Ic membhers. The clubi
aueeis at the traps every Thuiirsdiay af
ternioon and usually a large crowd is
present to join in the sport.
Iheathi of ant .nfant.
The infant child of Mr. and Mrs.
Charl'es K. 'Finkheiner died at 'the
home of its parents Ii this city Trues
(lay and was buried in the cemetery
hero Thursdaya.morning. Trho child
was about three months old1. Mr.
Finkbeiner in a son (of Supit. Finkbein
or, of the glass works, andl is himself
an emplloyeo there. The parents have
thie sympathy of the community in
S:EATE OF FRtANCE
S110S III'S WlRATHl
('oniile Wa,11r .' ii GerImani iimperl-r1.
isimi and 31ilIltarisimi Delinlitly Crush.
ed. Ilatired Now i Holy Dut.y,
Paris, Aprill .-The Senate yester
day showed its wrath at tile devasta -
lions in1 northern France by voting a
resolution denoileing to the civilized
world the acts of the Germans in de
manding that the iguthors be pun isled,
and resolving to contlinue tle war until
German imperialism and militarism
are definitely crushed.
Former Preniler Viviani participa
ed in the discussion.
Senator Cheron said that Germany,
as a sIgnatory of The flague conven
lions, gave a guarantee against the
abuse of person or property. This
had Leen treated as a sin ple scrap of
paper, lie asid, and it woul-l be-neces
sary to go back ages to !ind such acts
of savagery and devastationi as tile
comi,;itte found In norther!i Frane..
", e v;s'ie a number of citites and
about lIfty villages," said Senatoi
Chero-i. "lveitywhere it is piilaged
land 4iYgteiatic Idevastation. In a
'German cemetery we found a statue of
peace. It is true that in bhe samil
ceiletery a Iobih was violated, a cof
finl openel and lptlcd of its Ciains
anld tillde withi 111(h.
"At Chauiney the Gernmans destroy
ed everything by fire and explosions.
.lhere remained nothing of (IhIs city
except a su burb. li thisl suburb tihe
Germans concentrated the inhabi tan Is
of a certain number of localities and
then bombarded tie subuib.i, making
a number of vletims. For these
crimes tlre uinlist be triple pun ish
ment, that of the International law,
penal law and the victory of civiliza
"No one today would think of
making peace with such criminals;
any 'ransaction would be treason.
'rhe hatred against (ermany is he
ilost holy of dies."
Minister Viviani, in the name of
the goverinen iiCt , associated himself
with tile conclusions of Senator 'Che
"Thefts, incendlarisn and assassi
nations constitute not only attacks on
international I honor, but are crim n es
of common law which must. be the
object of enforcement. They are de
ived from the mediocre physciology'
of the Germans."
RCEVIVA L C'LOSED Ill'UIRSDA, 1..
Wonderfully I iiterest Ing Tenl )aly
3eletJig ('aime to nil Enld Thursiaiy
A wonderfully interesting ten day
revival meeting came to a (lose at the
first Baptist church last Thursday ev
ening witl a soul rtirriing service. The
meeting was piroductivye oif a great deal
of good, maniy addit1 ions being made to
the church and a new spirIt aroused
in religIous imattlers. .\ore than 70
memibers wvere add~edl to thle roll of this
church and oilier dlenoininat ions of
lie city benef ited liropiortilonately.
The seirvIces were (ondullcted by
R1ev. M. E. D~odd, D). D)., of Shieveport,
La., and thie song servIces were leadl by
R1ev. F. A. Hiower, of Albany, N. Y., At
the conclusIon (if thie service Tlhurs
(day .night thle la rge audlienice, ini re
tIring from (lie church, tiled by the
pulpit and said1( good-bye to the two
WOUI) SEIIVE NATION,
Mc Adoo's Th'lree Sonus Voilutnteer for
Washington, Marc io 0.-. Secretary
McAdno's three sons have volunteered
for servIce in the inaval reserve in
case of war. Firanies .lcAdoo, a New
York lawyer, besides voluinteering has
kiven the government the fast motor
~boat AdroIt for a sublmarlne chaser.
William G. McAdloo, Jr1., a senior at
Princetob, will leave college .innedi
ately to serve In the aviation secti on.
Robert H1. McAdioo, the secretary's1
'vouingest son, wIll leave school as soon
Fair Assoelatin Meets,
Gireen wood, March 30.-Secretary
Brooks Marshall of the Piedmont Fair
'tissociation has issued notices of the
annual meeting of the stockholders
of the association to be he0ld in the
city hail hero next Monday, April 2.,
TO BE HELD F
Reports From the County S
Interest is Being Taken
Large Crowd will be in A
* I---Literary Contest-I0 o'clock at *
*' lnrenls graded school biildi ng. *
* I--Declamation Contest-n1 o'- *
clock In -Laurens graded school *
chapel and laptist S. S. room. *
* i ii-mlementa ry Meet--l0 o'clock, *
* Laurens graded school camims. *
* IV--Grand Parade--11:30 o'clock. *
* V-Awarding of illue Ribbons- "
12:30 o'clock, Laurens graded *
* school campus, and Oath of Al- *
legilnnee to United States flag. *
* VI---Diner. *
VII-ligh School Athletic Meet-- *
* 2::t0 o'clock. 14taurens graded *
* school campus. *
* V Ill -Viewing ~Exhibits-10 a. Im. *
to 3 p. In., coirt house.
IN--lIgh Schiool Oritorical Con
* test--8:30 o'clock, 1 i'irens grad- *
*d school ichapel.
Pretiliols are inl progress for IIIe
aiual comnt school fair. n hici is to
be held l'riday. April 1:1. InstuctIons
to teachers Were s~mnt out froim le de
I laltilelit of edutcation several weeks
ag'o and leaclers and pupils have been
busy inl pimlrationl for thle annu11al
evelit. Ldast week 1wthe 11rellinlary
declam'Iatioll contests were held in tle
varllous sections of.thec..oui ty and by
now the contestants who are to enter
tle nny 'ontiests have beeni about de
cidmied u1)on. Reports coming Into thel
otlice of (lie department of eduntica 1on
indicate that the faIr will be Iar'gely at
tendcd and be equal In interest an(I
(inthuiislasimi to previois events of the
The ilstructions prepared by I he
dielartment of edication show that the i
11117 fair will be conducted along the
same line as previous fairs. The liter
ary and declamation contests are to he
held il the graded school auditorium.
wilt tle exception of the pril mary
decla matIon contest, which is to lie
held In the Haptist church. The ath
letIc contests are to be held on the
grade(d school grounds and tle ex
hibits In1 art 11and handiworik are to lie
shown in the court house. The high
school oratorical contest, as in past
years, will be held in the graded school
building at night anld to this (lie eus
tomary small admission fee will be
The parade this year will take on a
Palriot ic air. U nited States flags ai'e
expec(t ed to be shown In prlofus Ion.
IEach chIld of the 1Laurensfl graded
sc'hool has beein pr'ovided withI a tlag
to lie carrIed In the pariadle andI otherI
schools will (loulbtless have large nuim
bers of flags. The stores In the city are
expicstedl to make a lpatilotic display
at the same time by having thlir i stores
(decorae t'lIn natIonal colors anad biy
dIispllaying (lags on the fiontI anld top
L~liteary ('ontexst. at Grade'd Nehool
IFirst Gr-ade, (Room 7.--C'ondtuetor,
.\lIss I airper'. .1 udtges, Mr s. Guy GIar
irett, MIss Mary MIller, MIss . ettie
SecondI Grade. Rlooim .-C-tonductoi',
Miss Fi'ainks. .hiudges MIsses Ninta
Moor'e, 10lizabeth McClure, MattIe 1 lol
Third and Fourithi Griades.-Conduc
(or, Miss Clar'dy. Judges M\Isses Main.
ie Simpson, KiddIe Arnold, Toole.
Fifth and( SIxth Grades, lloom I.
Conductor, Miss Unbb. JIudges, .\lisses
.\laine IByrd, Mauu Laingst on, ('arr'ie
T(hIi'd and Four'thI Gr'ades, IRoom 2.1
--Conductor, Miss WVork1man. J1udges,
MIsses GenIe Alken, 'Bar'nie WVallaice,
Fifth, Sixth and Eeventh Grades,
Room 3- Conductor, Mitss Mary Shmp
son. Judges, Misses Martle Atkinson,
10va S'helI, Mahel Moore.
Tlghth, NInth, Tenth and IEleventh I
Grades. Room 5.-Conductor, Mrs. Ron. I
RIDAY, APRIL 13
ichools Indicate That Much
In the Fair and That a
r. itidges, Alisses Bloozer, .lary Garr..
;mn, Chapella Dunlap.
AlI TIIMICTI C.
Third and Fourth G(rades, 0loonm .1.
-Conditetor, .lMiss VNi rgilila Agnew.
ltidges, Alisses lat ie Young, Madge Me
Kittrick, laillie larsonl.
Fifth and Sixth ( rades, loom I".
'onidtct or, .lMiss .Alcants. .hitdges,
\lisses Nora Wilson, Eithel Willis, AMay
Seventh and Iigher Grades, Ioon
I t.--Conductor, Miss Nickels. .1tidges,
\lisses Corinne Aiken, Alarie Langston,
\Mrs. Rt. T. Wilsonl.
COM POSITI ON.
Fr1st and Second Grades, Room 6.
on(uctor, Miss Corinne Agnew. To tell
the story, Miss Thames. Judges, .\iss-.
as IEthel Simmons, .lM ry \\allace, lat
Third and o ltrIh ( 1rades, floom 7.
E,'onductlor, .\liss llobsonl. To tell the
stor', AirS. .I(ljne. .3udges, Alisses Al
m1a (Garrett, lamise Iarris, Drutcia
Fif'thi, Sixth and Sevenlth (Iades,
blootn I0.-ConluIct(or, 11. .liller. .1udg
's, It. S. Woodson. It. T. \\ ilson. Aliss
lighith, Nitth and Tenh (rades,
Rootm 12.---'onductor, .liss Spruill.
.Iudges, .l isses Olive Counts, .lerlen
.\rmstrong, Rebecca Moore.
Room -I.--Conductor. Aliss Roland.
judges, It. A. 1H., .lrs. Cressvell
Pleming, Alts. W. I'. (;ray.
Sen Iing ConteSt.
Back Campus - --Condut or, Mrs. Swy
t. .ludges, .lisses liessi' Todd, Lent.
)ones. .\s. AlvAlister.
-scor-ers inl Literarl Contests,
llenry liennett, ch,0airma; \\arrert
Ilott, liubhert Woodside.
Iiterar y--.---J udges, .\lisses Kate Simp..
mon, Lexington; Miss Marltha Hlollaims,
'lin ton; Aliss Lots Nriwin, Spariln
lurg; Mrs. N. It. Dial, I .aurens; .\liss
Alannal1 Training, Woodwork -.udg.
as, Mr. Barnett, Mr. Sexton, Mr. Reid.
Domestic Ar. and Domestie soicinco
-Judges, Alis. Fermgtisoin, Mris. Nickels,
\ rs. Clark.
liighl Nehool lN-0ecla1mato.
Judges, Col. William Workman,
-hiek Springs; Dr. m.ann, Gretiville;
0r ) 1. AL I)ouglas, Clinton.
For (irls-Judges, Miss Nett if ratt,
I reen11wood. AMrs. 110omer C 'llac kwe'll,
\lrs. .J. 11. Teagtte.
For 11oys-Judges, MIr. Tretcmttan,
fIr. Rlankint, .\lr. Fairy.
For 11oys- -Prof. Stonoy, Ch.t and
na nage r; assistait ts, II ugh Eh i her
~er, H arry MlcAllisteir, Earl Laagston.
For Boys anid Gtirls-M~ liss W\offord,
lerk and mnlnager; assistants, Ameldia.
'arson, Carrie Lee H-iggins.
II ighi School A fthlet ies.
C'ondu ctor, Alr1. Ari tur lafe; assist
inits, AMr. Stoney, .Johmn Sprai t, Tlomt
'IOm enlit tin orphtans--Ar. Jeff
IlDD(ATED:l Si'NDA Y
Iir. I. Y. P'ressley, P'resident of' Ers.
(es Sermiont in Moninlg.
Greenwood, Mlareb:l Jn. '--FTe new A.
1. P. ('hutrch here wil be ded'ienated
sunaday. 'lThe (dedi ent ry sermon will
e lprenehted by Drm. F. Y'. P'ressley,
>resident of the lErskinte Theological
s'emi nariy, at ii at. ni. A fra ternal ser
'iee will 1)e hld at 3 o'clock in the af
einoon and at thle eventing service theo
1ev. R. Tr. Ker' wIll preach. The now'
huiirchi builIding IS of Ithe lbungalow'
yp~e andl is at tractiv'e in atipearanlce
and we'llI arranged. It Is loca ted on
lonumtent st reet almost att thle head of
'ar'k street. The Rev'. John17 TU. Young
s .iastor of the church and has a grow-.