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School Laws I
"Uneven distribution of school e'x
-'penditures over the State, so that
some countios are paying six times
more than others is emphaalzed by W.
H. Hand, state high school inspector,
in his annual report. The chapter
"We have a three mill school tax
fixed in the State constitution. It is
levied throughout the State, but it is
collected and disbursed by counties.
Hence, it Is only a uniform county tax.
The wealth and the children of the
State are so far from being corre
::pondingly distributed that the per
agpita expenditure, based on enroll
mient, is more than six times as much
- some counties as in others. No peo
lo of any State have ever shown a
ner spirit in voting local school tax
c s than have the people of this State
tluring the past ten years. Out of a
total of 1,886 districts 1,614 are levy
ing local school taxes ranging from
one to 1ll mills. That privilege should
be retained for any and all districts.
but local taxes can not be relied upon
as the foundation of a State school
system. except .where wealth and
school population are distributed cor
respondingly. In the State are entire
counties whose wealth and school
population are so out of proportion
that a reasonable rate of local tax on
the properly at a lair valuation would
be entirely inadeqjuate to furnish rev
fnue to maintain the lient schools for
nil the cihildretn of these counties.
'T'here are other counties whose pro
perty taxed on a like basis would
furnish tmore revenu e than wood he
needed to maintain good Schools in
"The basic theory of a tutodern State
Is a territorial and political unit work
ing in close Boole rat ion for the
growth, prospetri y and happiness of
all the smaller units composing the
State. 'T'he basis of all material wealth
Is raw iaterial. natural resour'ces.
Public utilities are most numerous
and most valuable in the vicinity of
valuable natural resources. Natural
resources aid public utilities are not
:the exclusive plossessions of the coun
ties in which they happen to be. .'p
on no other theory could a State he
prosperous and its citizens happy. To
dIllustrate: Saluda ('ounty has about 10
miles of profitable railroad track.
Greenwood ('ounty, adjoining Saluda,
I and s
U j of Defects.
has over 60 miles of raiload track
paying a good tax. Chester county has
developed water power worth thous
ands of dollars, while IIorry county
has nothing of the kind and can not.
This disitribition of wealth by coun
ties is a matter of accident. The State
could easily be so gerrymandered as
to add miles of railroad track to Sa
luda and to rob Chester of all her de
veloped water power. Therefore, ar
titrary county lines should not be per
mitted to distribute the common bur
den of taxation for universal needs un
evenly, inequitably and unjustly among
the component parts of a common ter
ritorial and political unit.
"If even the present constitutional
three mill tax were made a Staate tax
and if the present definition of school
onrollment upon which the school
revenues are apportioned were im
proved, the immediate results in some
counties would be conspicuous. Three
and four months schools would length
en into five and six months. Inferior t
teachers would be displaced by better
ones, because the schools could offer
better salaries to draw better teach
ers. This plan of course, would draw
funds from the wealthier districts in
to ?he poorer ones. The wealthier
ones would have to replace what they
Would contribute to the poorer dis
t:icts by increasing local school tax
es slight ly. lHit it should he remem
he red that the highest local school
taxes now are not, as a rule, Icing
levied by the larger and wealthier (is
ricts, but by the poorer districts. In
short, the burden of the boor would be
lightened and that of the wealthy only
slightly increased, but the burden
woul he equalized.
"Several years ago the general as
sembly felt that something ought to
he done to Ithlp the schools unable to
provide properly for the children of
the district. State funds were appro
priated to supplement local funds.
Some of these appropriations wer'
made upon certain definite require- I
mlents, while others were placed at the A
disposal of the+State department of f
eduation to be disbursed according toi
the judgment of that department. To
disburse any amount of money on
either basis is an exceedingly difficult
task. It requires almost endless in
vestigation to determine just where I
such funds are most needed and in
retty as the
what amounts, and it is impossible to
disburse such funds to the satisfac
tion of even fair minded people. How
ever, the real trouble does not lie in
the difflicutty of disbursing the funds,
but in the evil influences that these
appropriations are having upon the
"Scores of districts are beginning
to look to the. State to aid them, not
emporarily but regularly. Hundreds
)f others are turning their eyes ldng
ngly toward the State treasury to help
therm with their schools. Not a few
listricts have asked for help to get
hemselves out of debt, have received
he help then contracted a second debt
und asked help again. Whenever any
)eople become chronic mendicants at
he doors of the public treasury they
rave lost the best part of their man
iood, their self-reliance. A reason
Lble State school tax would fall upon
tII equitably, would furnish the poor
,st. district with a fair school fund
rithout imposing upon wealthier dis
ricts, would leave all districts free
o levy upon themselves any -local tax
hey might need and be -willing to
evy, and would remove the temptation
o become hangers-on about the pork
Mrs. J. J. ll unter. *
" " "* e e" * * " 0
God has taken another gentle, loving
oul unto -liiself. Ilie has said unto
ter, "Well done thou good and faith
ul servant, enter thou into the Joys
>f thy Lrd". In the death of Mrs.
i. .1. Ihunter, the Royal Ploral Society
>f Owings has lost. one of its faithful
nemhers; therefore he It
'lResolved iirsI, 'ihile heaiding n
unbmission to our Father's will we
'annot but miss the presence and
villing service of our loved sister.
Second, That we extend to the he
caved relatives of the deceased, our
leepest and most heart-felt synpa
hes, and that the tender, watchful
'are of a loving Father rest over her
Third, That a iase in our minute
ook he inscribed to her mnemuory and
copy be sent to the members of her
amily and to the county paper for
ubli cat ton.
"I learn, as the years roll onward,
And leave the past behind
'hat much I have counted sorrow
lut proves that our God is kind;
'hat many a flower I longed for
Had a hidden thorn of pain,
sy grow; al
mn was 104
a car loa1
And many a rugged bypath
Led to fleds of a1pened gmiDn.
"So the heart tmrm the hardest tral
Gains the purest joy of aill,
And fron lips that have tasted sadnes
The sweetest songs nwill fall.
For as peace comes after suffering
And love is .roward of pain,
5o after death comes heaven,
And out of'our loss the'gain."
NAVAL .BATTLE RIE)PORTED.
Iritish Engage German Light Cruiser
Off Helgoland. -
London, Nov. 17.-Brittah light fore.
es today engaged German light cuys
ers of Helgoland, the British admiral
ty announced today. The German war
ships retired and the British forces are
now chasing them.
The announcement follows:
"British light forces operating In
Ielgoland might have been engaged
w mi't German light forces this morn
4ng. The only information we have
received thus far is that. our vesseli
have engaged enemy light cruisers,
that the latter have retired at higi
speed and that our vessels are in pur
* Mrs. Ellen Owings Stoddard. a
* * * * * * * S. * * * * 4
lirs. Ellen Owings Stoddard. of Ow
ings, bau rens County, died Tueaday
evening, Sept. 11, 1917. In her death
the Royal Floral Society of Owings,
suffered the loss of one of its strong
est Supporters. Mrs. Stoddard was
one of the charter members of the so
ciety, serving faithfully as an oflieer
and as a member.
It is selfish to grieve for her, never
more will her body be racked with
weariness and pain, the sorrow is all
for those who will so long for her ten
der, loving way, her sweet sympathy,
her wise counsel; therefore,
aie it resolved. first that in the
death of .1rs. Ellen Stoddard the )Royal
Floral Soedety has suffered an irre
parable loss, but we bow in huitnible
submission to our Father's will, "Who
doeth all things well."
Second, That we extend to the sor
rowing family our deepest sympathy.
Third, That a page in our minute
book be Inscribed -to.her memory and
a copy of these resolutions be sent to
the members of her family and to the
county papers for publication.
1 sound an
ted. No I
: per pou
of open ar
nd see thei
Thousands of Goo(
The government has just wri
s: 1 anc
" .:...... call
} t .Wa.ingto,... ri s
DRAUGHON'S PRACTICAL EUSIW
IL R A*y 1ce.w v-otw'yoa :
d at rh N. .
MADE ME WELL
Mrs. E~lizabeth Reuther, 100$ 11th
St., N~., W., Washington, D. C., writes:
"I endorse Poruna as a splepdid
medicine for catarrh and stomliach
trouble, from which I Buffered sev
eral. years. I took It for several
months, 'found my health was re.
stored and have fett splendidly ever
since. I now take it when I con.
tract a cold, and it soon rids the sys.
tem of any catarrhal tendencies."
4 young, hr
Ld top buggi
n. Prices r
tten to this school pointing out their
ont need of stenographers, both male
female, and asking us to help them in
tring the great number needed. The
'intg'salary offeredxite $900. to $1200 m
r. Examinations are being held week
n 400 cities.
esides the demand of the government.
conscription is taking thousands of
ng men from commercial positions.
their positions will have to be filled
new employees. Business men are
ing on us daily for assistance in secur
stenographers and bookkeepers.
Vrite for detailed information. Address
ISS COLLEGE, Greenville, S. 0.
Those who object to liquid medi
Inos can procure Perurfl Tablets.