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VOLUME XXXIV. LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1918 NUMBER 21
Lieut. Thomas B. Marshall has sent
to the Columbia State two clippings
from London papers which testify elo
quently to the valor of the Thirtieth
Division. They are as follows:
"It nwas not impossible -at the time
to speak more than cursorily of the
share of the Americans in our attack
of Septem'ber 20, when, on their whole
front of about 6,000 yards, United
States troops broke through the de
fences of the 'Hindenburg line and ca
nal tunnel, and on farther right forced
the crossing of the canal itself. It
would have been a great achievement
to rthe most experienced soldiers in
the 'allied armies. For Inexperienced
troops, as the Americans were, it was
a truly extraordinary perfot'mance.
"The American troops were South
erners, chiefly Carolinians and men
of Tennessee and INew Yorkers. All
alike went straight into the German
defences, which were of a most for
midable kind, and swept their objec
tives. The Impetuosity of their ad
Vance made possible the great advance
of the British Ninth Corps on their
right. It was the Southerners wic
took the village of Bellicourt and Nau
roy, where the New Yorkers, recklesE
of the intense enemy machine gun flr(
on their left, swept on towards Guoy
and Mont St. Martin. That some of
the latter went too fast and too far
you know. Nests of Germans, whc
skulked in the ramifications of the tun
nel and in various lairs and burrows,
were left undestroyed as the advancc
streamed on, and these were reenforc
ed by other enemy, who trickled south
ward through the barrage on the left,
Probably, if those Americans on the
left of the attack had 'been less whole
arted fighters, and could have curb.
~1 their impatience to get at and kill
the enemy in front, they would havc
had fewer casualtier. But the episod(
iwould have been less glorious.
"Australians were to follow uip be
hind and they' have spoken to me ir
terms only of superlative praise of th(
way the Americans behaved. An Eng
lish colonel, himself the holder of the
Victoria Cross, and something of a
judge, has made a memorandum of tie
LEAGUE OF NATIONE
Vital Necessity, Says One of Britain',
Peace Delegates-Russia's Statut
Expected to be Settled at the Con.
London, Dec. 6.-(By the 'Associated
Press.)-Arthur J. Balfour, secretary
of state for foreign affairs, in outlin
ing his view on the peace conference
today told The Associated Press that
he thought the meeting in Paris this
month iwould be merely informal and
preliminary to the conference of the
associated governments at the first of
the year, which would formulate all
the peace terms. This agreement, he
added, would 'be the most important
andl longest of the series,, rWhen it
was finished the enemy countries
would be called in to ratify the 'con
MAl,.TiBalfour said the (British govern
ment. had not yet made any fixed ar
rangements for 'President Wilson to
visit E~ngland, as it would be prema
*ture to do so until more was known
regar-ding the president's own plans.
Great Britain would be guided solely
by his swishes,
Most Important Question.
Tire foreign seeretary said he believ
ed the question of a league of nations
was tire most important work Imposed
on the conference. "The prominence
Air. Wilson has given the subject is a
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Americans' charge and speaks of it in
highest possible terms. The American
dead, he says, lay stretched with their
faces to the enemy, and 'not in one
case (was there a man moving back
wards when killed.' The success of
the Southerners on the right was per
fect, and 'without the gallant fighting
of the Now York troops on their left
it would have been impossible for the
Southerners to have made their ad
vance.' (IIe concluded by Baying: "The
officers and men did -all that it was hu
manly possible for brave men to do,
and their gallantry in this action must
stand out through all time in Ameril
"How difficult the ground was is, per
haps, best sliowil by the fact that it
was not until after three days' more
hard fighting that the Australians suc
eceded in finally mopping up all the
defences which the Americans over
ran at one splendid burst, and othei
divisions of home troops on the leff
completed the eapture of Guoy and L.
Catelet. The American performanec
that day was truly magnificent, as
their fighting has been on every occas
ion when they have fought with -Brit
lah troops on this front.-London
Times, Oct. 7.
"On the extreme right of the Britisi
attack the Sixth 'Division and troop,
of another English division have driv
en the enemy from this ridge of higi
ground southeast and east of Bonte
brehain, and have captured the ham
let of Beauregard.
"In the right center the Thirtieti:
American Division, comprising troop
from North and South Carolina anc
Tennessee, under the command o:
Gen. Lewis, captured Brancourt aftei
heavy fighting, and further to th
northeast took Premont, completin
a successful advance of over threi
miles, in the course of which the,
cleared the enemy from a number o
farms and woods.
"On their left English, Scottish an<
Irish troops of Twenty-fifth and Six
ty-sixth Divisions, made equal prog
ress and captured the village of Ser,
ain early in the day."--London Dali:
Chronicle, Oct. 9.
valuable contribution to civilization,
lie declared. "I think a league of na
tions a vital necessity if this war i
to produce all the good we expect t<
come out of it. The United State.
would have to bgar a large share It
the work it involves. 'It should b(
something more than a more instru
ment to prevent war. The world f
more complicated than we are incline(
to think. It would 'be folly to imaginf
it possible to constitute a world witt
states endowed with equal powers an
"But I wish to say emphatically, ir
my opinion to devise in concert work
able machinery for them is one of the
highest funcitons the conference ca
"Safe for Democracy"
Referring to PresIdent Wilson'a
phrase, "make the world safe for do
mocracy," Mr. Balfour said, "I do not
think the world can be made safe for
democracy merely by multiplying the
number of democratic states."
Mr. Blalfour explained that he rwar
not thinking especially of Germany,
but of new states in process of forma
tion in eastern Europe.
"We must assume that when such a
system is created in eastern Europe
like that, wrong will be impossible.
The 'passions which turise (betwoen
neighboring democracies make themr
(luite as prone to'under'tako strife as
if under other forms or xovernment.
Some critics say that the changes that
are being made in eastern Europe will
Blalkanize Europe, but I look forward(
to something different, *It would 'be
intolerable if Eufopo and America
madle no providon against iturning
IEurope into a cock-pit for further
"I believe that a league of nations
will bo required to superintend and
control not only the criminal ambi
tions of great 'autocracies but to pre
vent any rash and inconsiderate coun
tries from going to rwar. It is impos
sible to talk about democracy except
for countries which have reached a
relatively adv'anced stage of civiliza
tion. A league could be trustee for
those less developed. ~Holding this
view I regard a ledgue of nations the
greatest work of thenference,"
RUGE U. S. NAVY
IS BEING BUILT
Washington, (Dec. 6.-The American
navy will number a total of 1,091 ves
sels, including 40 battleships and 329
destroyers on July 1, 1920, according
to a statement prepared by Admiral
Griffin, chief of the bureau of steam
engineering, for the house naval com
mittee, and made public today.
This statement shcdws that when war
was declared there were 364 ships in
the navy, while on November i, ten
days before hostilities ceased, there
were 777, exclusively of privately
owned yachts and other vessels taken
over for patrol service. The greatest
increase was 300 submarine chasers.
The Increase in destroyers was 41 to
a total of 92 and submarines from 43
Only two eagle boats had been com
Pleted on November 1. Ninety-eight
others were contracted for, but tRear
Admiral 'tylor, chief of the bureau
of construction and repair, has inform
ed the committee, it became known to
day, that the navy department has giv
en orders that only 60 of the vessels
be eompleted. Keels for 80 of the
eagles have been laid, 4but material for
most of them has been fabricated.
Only two battleships were added to
the fleet during the war and only one
will be added betlween this time and
July 1, 1920, Admiral Griffin said. Six
others, however, actually are under
construction, and two, the Tennessee
and California, are approximately half
completed. Work on three others Is
yet to be started.
Admiral Taylor informed the com
mittee that contracts are yet to be
placed for 29 ships which have been
authorized. They include two battle
ships, 12 destroyers, 10 submarines,
two destroyer tenders, a repair ship, a
transport and a submarine tender.
Work has not yet started on any of
the five -battle cruisers authorized In
1916, the laying down of these vessels
and otber major craft hauing been de
ferred because of the demands for de
stroyers during the iwar. Ninety-five
destroyers authorized during the war
are now more than half completed.
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