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FOR POOR SOILS
?'h0ftcble Yield May Be Secured
Where Wheat, or Even Rye,
Cannot Be Grown.
ECELLENT AS COVER CROP
cR Be Grown on Land Whero Spring
fewn Cropi, Such as Corn, Have
Failed to Make a Stand
Many Other Uses.
(Freparod by tMe Uniteid States Depart
ment ot Agriculture.)
Buckwheat Is in general the best
ghin crop for poor, thin land. Ils nat
ifral and favorite environment Is "back
in the hills." On land whero wheat
Er even rye cannot he g-rown with profit
buckwheat is often able to produce a
1miltable yield. The elitatic coudi
**us, however, must be favorable.
On acd soils. whileh are quite con
xsSR LU the northern states. buckwheat
4.ts well. It does not require large
$P)lies of imne in the soil, although
limo is taken up largely by the plant.
Good Summer Cover Crop.
Low-grade fertilizers may be usedl to
'dvantage In the growing of buck
wheot, as It can umiake use of relatively
igsoluble materials to hette' advan
tage than the other grain crops. It
may be used to render avaliable in
moluble phosphaites, like rock phos
p'mte. as these tire taken uil) by the
plnut in Ir ger riuantities than by
other small grains. To obtain the
greatest benefit from such npplientions
to follow Crops, the buckwheat should
be grown as a -summer cover crop to
be plowed under a,; green Ianure In
Ireparation for fall seeding.
Bucklwheat se'rves to 11ua1e even very
hnrd laud mellow and friable. Conse
(qUently it is i g0d rop to Use in
preparation for such crosjo as potatoes.
As it has a siort gwin-r period,
buekwheat can Ihe vrown on ind where
.pring-sowin erop, sneh a corn. .1,4 have
failed to make a sta t. call also
bt used where the 1ai1 i-an not lie
worked until in't, or whore other
mrops havo been drownie'( out by lat
Enlarge Farm Activities.
Buckwheat can he used to enlarge
farm activitics. After c ol iter erops'
that must he sown early are I in
there U, often title to prepare I h, ilnd
1Sw buckwheat. On account U: hte
6hort growing season it may Ue sowvn
later than any other grain erop. Where
it is go used It often may he advisable
to row it even on rich land which other
wiRe could be used more protitably for
Buckwheat IS a suitabl e ropt for
gmwing onl neV grondil. Land just
clenred of timber or draned marsh
cnd containig much deenying vege
table matter will produe good yields
of this grain.
Farmaers' Bulletin No. 1062 contains
fe: infrmatln on this crop. Copies
may be had free on application to the
inopartiment of agricul tire, ANshIlg
toe, D. 0.
SCRAPER FOR LOADING SOIL
Ptadtorm Arranged as Shown in lilus
tration Obviates Much Tire.
Where dirt Is to he taken out of an
eyea-vation and hauleid awany sonie dis
tince, geltting this dir-t Into a wagon
bed a aliwais ai hard1( job.i Where ai
Loading Soil Made Easy.
seapiej' is used it is usually neess'uary
tO drag thle dirit uti of' the hole andi
theni shovel it into a faram wagon, hBy
b'ullding a plat formit like the oine shown
here It is amsy to ltiad a wvagon with a
sbtraper and save ai lot of hard work.
Th~e platfo~rw 'nulst be strong enough
to stand upl undecr t he lond of diirt and
tbe extra pull that comes wh'ien the
t mn drags the scraper up the in
~. The check block stops the
scrper and helps In dumping It into
the wagon box.
PURE AIR QUITE NECESSARY
eV~fts Should Be Carefully Avoided
asj) Poultry House Kept at Even
b~itby air is pacically breathing
pelson. Pure air furnishes the oxygen
which keepsq the life processes goIng
Swhen the aIr becomes stale or foul,
bIrds become weak and siekly.
We problem for the poultrympn, there
ftre, Is to let in plenty of al- without
.fts and without making the hen
igWuse so cold as to be0 uncomfortable.
On almet all sunny days the wIndows
een be opened wh~en the flock io exer
oling, scratchIng in lItter for Its food.,
- ad that gives a chance to aIr the
kuse thoroughly. T~vent In the colest
ht tile wlndowys mtay he lowored n
leat the top (very little w~hten It Ia
ves'y cold) and the birds will obtain
fteshl aIr. If the wInd blows in, a p)Iece
et barlap can he hlung over- the open
aoe through which the ir can get in
by which the wind can be kept out.
IN CHICKEN HOUSES
See That Roosts Meet Require.
ments of Various Fowls.
Birds of Heavy, Large Breeds Shoult
Not Be Compelled to Jump Too
Far-Dangerous to Permit Halls
to Crowd at Night.
When making readjustments In thi
poultry houses It Is always well ua
look over the perches and see if the:
imeet the requirements of the birds. L
Cowls are of the heavy, large breeds thi
percles should not be as high, fu'
many ill effects are the result of.jumil
Ing from high perches. The lightzer
weight fowls are usually hetter lyer.
and ean aissist themselves li gettin
up and down much better than Can th
heavy ones. The two kinds shoul(
nieair be kept In the saime house I
night If for no other reason than tht
above, says a writer In an exclinge
Thte height of the perches also bring.
trouble if every tole is not Ill) the Fiint
level. In endeavorlug to secure thl
safest p1lce inl the house aill fowls wil
try to reach the highest perch and thi
lower ones are practically useless ex
cept to the ones that could not igb
their way higher.
Always aim to have the perchesc- a
the same height and have room enougl
on then to avoild crowding. There art
dangers in e:ewding the lhens at night
to say nothing of this discomfort. Nt
lien likes to be uncomfortable, nor doe:
anh1y aiiimial. in fact, and if we mnaki
domestic fowls of the hens we Imus
give them the privileges and liberties
as nearly as we can, reseibling tha
of their natural state.
i'l i jumping fromi the roosts if
likely to injure the legs of the hlens
and if the birds have not at tainec
tlieir growth they will be iore labli
to defortuities. It is the naItural in
si inct of the fowls to want to roos
hi-:h. away, a- they supposo, fron
thir eliileit'sz, as they do in the wil(
slrle; aid wlile rat.s Shouli not bl
permitit tel tIo ist the hot)ons there 1:
Ies itl Iner fromu tlel whe: the fowl
are hihi ip. Then. too. the littl1
st reams of air (ilhat should not be al
h\etd to tiow in on the hlens) will d
ss hima it' it e roostis ( are not tot
low. While very h1igh roosts are disap
proved of It Is. nevertheless, advan
tageous to have theml high enough sc
that the birds may feel safe and a
the samte timie have them on tilie leve
for tihe, whole flock that inhabits ti
GOOD SHED FOR IMPLEMENTS
Drainage Should Be Sufficient to Keel
Different Machines From Stand.
Ing in Wet Place.
A serviceable implement slied shoul
be tloroughly trined so that the mi
phiiiets do 110 snill in a wet plaec
It must protect articles fron sur
winld and mloisture. It 11m1st not h)
too exilelsive. It sloulld b situate(
In 1 convenient spot and so arrange(
as to be easily used.
Tho material froni whieh tie shei
is inadel wvill dhepenid upon1 t' cost an
the localit. V ~ery goiit sheds ar
An Inexpensive Shed for Variou
mande of wvood-fcrame conlstruct ion, ('Oi
eredl withi sheet iron. Ot)3her goo
ones can he mande of wood-frm ne cot'
strueilloni and closed in with1 bmirni sk
Ing, drop sIdIng, or wvith - sip-laj
Shingles, corrugated iron or patetn
roofing make good roofs for machin
EYES OF ANIMALS RELIEVEI
'Ten Per Cent Borio Ac'd and Nintet
Per Cent Pure Water is Most
- Excellent Remedy.
Sore and watery eyes of anImal
may be relIeved by a solution of 1
per cent borte acId and 90 per een
pure water. Apply it on absorben
cotton andl use a fresh pIece ever,
time the eyes are treated.
USE OF QUICKLIME FAVOREK
Superior to Put in Graves of Animal
Dying From D:fferent Con.
Quicklime Ia good to put In th
graves of anImals thast dIe from cot
tagliius diheases. In 'using It the cai
cas., s'<'ld be surrounded and col
ered wIth twice its weight of tb
IN WHEW YORK -CITY
Highwaymen FaM to Got Bank's Cash.
One of the Robbers Caught .
New York, Jan. 16.-Bandits battled
with bank clerks in an inoffectual at
tempt to rob the Manhattan Savings I
Institution at Broadway and Bleocker
street at 1i o'clock this morning.
Fully twenty shots were fired but
none of them took effect, .although I,
score of patrons were in the bank
when three highwaymen made theirIV
attack. One of the desperadoes was'
captured when he retreated, but the
other two escaped. Their demand for
money was ignored and they lied emp
All of the employes of the Manhat
tan Savings Bank had been coached.
for years in what to do if an attack t
was made by robbers and acted
promptly in offering resistance. They
are familiar with the details of the fa
nous clean-up imade there forty--od1
years ago by Jimmy llope, Red Leary
and Shang Draper. who burglarized
the bank and escaped wit hundreds of
thousands of dollars.
The bandit who was caught today
was seized by a traffic policeman as
he ran out of the building. He said he
was .laies Stratton, of Chicago. The
police assert he has a record as a
)uring the battle, bank patrons flat
tened themselves against the wall or
(ashed to safety in the street. Three
billets went through the front window
of the bank into a haberdashery Shop
across the street. Others were Im
doesworty ho or
tig ihd nety
P. 0. Box 217
LWded In- th'e0 Wal A*W
. andit Was "Doped?"
Now York, Jan. e.,A lone bndit,
'doped" with drugs, according to the
)olice, fought a iosingAevliver battle
vith bank tellers today in an unou
:essful attempt to rob the Manhatton
3avings Institution at Ibroadway and
31cecker street of $5,000.
The smoke from 20 revolver shots,
dl of Wfhich went wild, had not clear
d away before the robber, cowering
nd penitent, was under arrest.. He
ave the name of James Stratton, ot
hicago. The police say he has a long
ecord as a burglar and safe robber.
Search was begun for two men wh'o
vere supposed to have been accom
ilices but Stratton said he "worked"
lone. The police were conviced
he mon ,vho wore believed to have
oime to his assistance were depositors
Iceing from the bullets.
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Coat or Blouse
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To match any material, have dealer
how you "Diamond Dye" Color Card.
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Phone. No. 200