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President's Personal '1tepresentative in
Mexieo Relates Story of. Country.
Thinks 1Mexleo Shouvld be Given Ev.
IV asli:gton, April 27.-The 'person
al story of John Lind, former governor
of 'Minnesota, of -his experiences In
Mexico as President Wilson's personal
representative, was told today to the
senate investigating committee. In
cluded was some account of his efforts
to Induce Victoriano Iiuerta to abdi
cate the dictato,rship he held following
over throw of the 'Madero government
and before American occupation or
Revolution was necessary in Mexi
co, Alr. Liud Contended, to rectify so
cial and economic conditions "though
It will take decades to bring the ipeo
ple up to our stanards." le denied
with particular warmth that he had
ever "attributed all of the ills of'Mex
ico to the influence of the Catholic
"What poor 'Mexico needs is educa
tion," Mr. Lind declared, "and it is
THE BIG 4
Reep the vital organs healthy by
rcpilarly taking tho world's utand
ard remedy for kidney, liver,
bladder mid uric acid troubjes
The National Remcdy of Holland for
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Look for Ce i.or-e Gold Medal on onwry box
:.d accept no izntation
very unfortunate that the in'fluence
of the Catholic church has been against
schools in Mexico. As in the United
States, its influence -has not been in
the direction of establishing and main
taining public schools."
Examiner Kearful for the commit
tee asked for Mr Lind's opinion as
to the present policy that should be
adopted towards Mexico.
"Though I do not know what the
pwesent condition is," Mr. Lind said,
"it behooves us a great neighbor or
a weak country, to be very patient, not
to judge them as we would L3ngland,
France or Canada, as to their respon
sibility in international affairs."
"Wien for flive years running 01
strongest verbal representations have
been disregarded,"' Attorney lKearful
continued, "when 30,000 Amerlens
have gone to financial ruin in Mexico,
when uhndreds have been murdered,
and we find nothing but levity for ou
further representations, what should
be our- attitude?"
"rhat's not for me to answer." Mr.
Lind retorted. "I think the statement
is much exaggerated. Mlany have suf
fered loss of life and iproperty fron
criminals in this country during the
"-Have you heard that any of our*
generals or high officials in public
life were concerned with the losses,"
the examiner persued.
"Certainly not," Mr. Lind said. "Of
course, we can defend Americans to
a certain extent along the border and
in the seaports, but to defend them
in the interior would mean the mill
tary occuipation of Mexico, as disas
trous to us as to Mexico. It is a con
dition I haven't reflected upon. There
may come a time when force is inev
As American representative Mr.
Lind said lie had never lent. active aid
to Carranza in his fight against IHu
ort, though he had feared that "if
Carranza failed intervention would be
necessary and had so reh)orted."
TREES IN DESERT OF SAH<IRA
Desldce the Palm, There la Said to Ba
Many Varictiea, Also Foraga
Plants and Shrubs.
nesides the palmn tree, which re
quires rather a large sheet of water.
varlois other sorts of trees ire found
in the Sahara111 nside from iuime(rous
shrulbs and tailsks, principally tle
rubber tree an( the ethel, a variety
of the iaiarisk. In the southeri sn
hara tie Doinor yptiain palmI is
found; it does not hear fruit, bIlt the
truink and branlihes serve varloius pur.
poses. Th1e Apir possesses other IIr
borescenlt specle's-notably III Ilosais of
al sorts in the imlost unproi misi Ig re
glons. Fourcan helleves that wooded
platenus will exist.
The SIihbara contains ni nmber of
forage planits Ilnd(] shlrobs. It wits oil
these that the enravans pastured.
anld that evenl the( 1.'200 or1.0
caliels of the PoIureiu-vall 1,3'ly expedi
tion and its aixiliary convoys slic
ceeded in sustaniniilug theisel ves.
It must not ie' forgotten lint we
are speaking here of spontileous
Vegetation, wvhich grows witihout dfl
manliding help or labor from 1an. It
is, therefore, nnt incontestable fact
that these pasture hoads are capable
of i certain degree or improvement,
providel there is nn initial establish
ment of roads of communicntion. This
improvement can he attained by the
selection of the hest grasses, forage
plants anid nrborescent specles. Ae
cording to Tessrs. Ti. Trnbut anid R.
Miares, the Sahirin plants are very
remarkable In their adaptatioi to i.
(ry ellmate ani n salty earth. rite
date treoe Is adapted to those Saharan
regions, which are well provided with
wvater; henenth the olate trees cutii vn
'lon of the kitch en girdeni lI very
well developed. In t le onses fire founad
the fig tree the nlwieot, Ilt penici and
the grape. Agricultitre succeeds w(ell
in the onses of the North ts it Hilskin.
Th'.e clitivated cerenis are hlIarley.
whent, sorgii 1111d iiliet; ilueei'rne
is he forage pint o flie oasis. It is
of a very healtiful variety, with wido
leaves aid siems Very resisi:tant to
sailt. Industrial ellvation Is now
Confined to :i few plalits, such iS 11111 l
tier and a variety ( i atlacco used for
Anufi.-Selent Ifle Atmerlean.
Estimating Age f Moon.
Geological dates nni.l hardly be very
preelse, yet Prof. W i . Pickering
seeks to reconelle Sir (leorge Dairwin's
view that tite imioln was thrown ofT
froim tle earth less than 00,)0()00
years ago with the figures of rock sill
dents showing that the earlh's erust
becnme solidified at least 1,200,000,000
years ago. Professor Pickering's sug
gestion. as stated in Popular Astron
omiy, ia thatt hle mloon was letninhed
while the earth material was still
Auifilciently plastic. but that for ages
It circulated around the earth as a
cloud of fragments. The tidal influ
ence of this cloud being small, the
earth would have long retained its
primitive rotation period of about four
hours. Centrifugal foice would have
greatly reduced gravity in the tropics,
making it possible to explain the ex
tetence of reptiles of such huge size
as the Atlantosaurus and the 1iplodo
cus, an(i the flight of such heavy rep
tiles as the Pterodnetyis. It seenis in
dicated that the fragments consolidat
ed in the Cretaceous period, which was
marked by a great Invasion of the land
by the sea aund a t remiendous v-olennic
netivity that may have been due to the
great titles riaiseid while the young
mloonh wals 5 near the earth. 'This
timie of consolidlation11 is found to agr-ee
faIrly w~ell wvith Darwini's calculation
of the date of the unooun's irthi.
Anconia, anielent p ort oif tile Adri
nitle, buil by)3 tih Greks (if Syrneuise
about :t0 l1. 0., is .lust t he pinenc
wvheor tinils, such as ar e anno14 uiicedh
mnight he expectetd. Theli very nameil
Ancona is thle Gree~k woird for olbowt~,
given t the piort beenitise of thle shiapie
of its lharbior. Anmd niow, a ft er een
tiurles, peiisants in the fields have
colme ineross soline wonder'iful pa in ted
vases doting frotn thle grandit age of
Greek airt. Eseniniig Ite dtst ruction
infhilet ed by the G othls anal thle Longii
ba rds, th11se4 t rensure had1114 lain buried
in the earth iintii the shovel of a
pensant brou~ght themi to light.- An
cona ia s nimoportanit nlow as she ever
was, having been during the grent
wa'r, the base of the Italiaii inavy. She
has had her- accommodation enini-ged
withini the last few months by the
building of a quay whieh has been
given the namei of Captain tFryatt,
Dye From Sorghum Waste.
The discovery of a new dyestuff in
sorghum woste is aninouniced to the
Fiechi aneney of selences as of
much lomportanice. From the husks of
sweet tuorghuiin and( those of sorghutn
with black seeds the colo-ing gum is
obtained; it is staited to have many
very floe shades of cobor, ranging from
pink to brighlt red, salmrion, scarlet,
penrl gry, dlark gray, dairk brown, and
khaki. The)( colors aire dhescribedl as
suitable for wool, silk, leather and
vegetable fihers, andl for such miate
rtnis are pronohunicedi prooif againnt
Buiniliht aniil waishinbg with soap.
Want Mud Guards on Autos.
An effort is hetng mode In Parts to
h'eqir e aill nu itomobiilies. nnd( espin(I
Ry motortrucks, to he fitted with fend
eras which shall prevent thel slaishing
o' pedlestrins with mud. M. Geaurges
?emnre-hpnd, as reporte~bhy the Porke
correspiond1ent of the Americnn aiue:,
tead association, tells the authorities
that these spin:(hes5 not only damage
elothing, so expeinsive ait this time.
out aho? constitute a meunace from the
SENTENCIlM TO DIE
!Negro Who0 Killed 14-Year-Old 'Gir
Gidlty of First I)egree Murder.
IndiIanalpolis, April 27.--Willian iay,
19 years old, negro, was sentenced to
be electrocute(d August 5th by Judge
Jas. A. Collings of criminal court here
today when a jury returned a verdict
of guilty of murder in the fIrst degree.
Ray stabbed to death .1--year-old
lartha litiff, a white gi rl, on April
Tihe Idiana law provides that the
deathii penalty shall not be execute(d
until at least one huIndred days have
elapsed after conviteion. lRay VIll be
the first to (lie in the electric cha ir
in thiis state and ie will pay the pen
alty in the illiillum ti lle permitted
and exactly 108 days after the crime
tay was placed on trial thLi morn1
lng. Only witnesses, court, attaches.
police officers and newspaper men
were admitted in the court room. h'le
defendant was closely guarded and
every precautioi taken to prevent
any attempt at mob violence. Ray
stood mute when arraigned and a for
mal plea of not guilty was ordered by
the Court. A jury was quickly se
leted from the special venire of 125
men. E-ighteen witnesses were ex
amined and they testified that Rlay en
ticed the little girl to the river bot
tom last Monday evenind, attacked
her, stabbed her thirteen times in the
throat and threw her body Into iagle
Creek, where It was found the next
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Laurenna. S. C.
?5 0 *
Less Than a Nickel.
This is all that Swift & Com
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American family in 1919.
Here are the fgures and author
ities for them.
The average consumption of
meat per person for a year is about
180 pounds (U. S. Government).
The average American family is
4% persons.(U. S. Census).
Swift & Company's profit from
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1 cigar per week for father, or
1 street car fare per week for mother, or
1 package of gum per week
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in the shape of profit is too small to
be noticeable in the family meat bill.
Swift & Company, U. S. A.
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