VOLUME XXXVII. LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 1922 NUMBER 26
DEFICIT IN 1
AL~Min La OdittaHuse Satarday Comn
* euens D.eegation and County Of
- fr Efforts d Economy.
.lddli i thorough review of li
1i4bletaiion, by Supervisor Watts ir
tv.e tabt moetiag held in the court houst
tiUdan imprning and after the meet.
linlihad passed a commendatory reso
!ttlonin- rognmrd to the county deloga
tin.1 And county ofticers, the meeting,
1on motion- of W. Carl Wiarton, oi
IeArloo placed itself on record aE
voY2ring a bond issue in the neighbor.
Arnod of $40,000 to retire the present
1i0UUg indebtedness of the county,
hihitting to albout that much.
'T. 1wheeting was fairly largely at
tendOe. It was organized with Sena
-tor 0. V_. Goodwin as chairman and 1.
Y. Qulbertson as necretary.
18enator Good'w-in, as the ranking
'ninlber of the county delegation, stat
ed the cauee of the meeting, 'po1nting
Mut that a deficit of about $40,000 ex
isted in the county from operating ex
tenSes this year and from deficit,
brought ovor from iIrVcious years. .
Mter Mr. Goodwin had finished,
Superviso'r Watts asked for the floor
* Qad . aid of figures and a black
board gave a review of his adminis
tration, explaining why the deficit ex
Isted. Of the $40,000 deficit, 'he said,
415,000 represented the county's share
of a valuable concrete bridge built at
Ware 8Ahoals, about $11,000 was for
muoney advanced by the People of
(Ctinton and others for the road con
leeting Clinton and Mountville, and
the remafnder an actual deficit 'brought
about by the difference 'between the
county 4ovy and the county appropria
t namrin oddition,. by te actual in
* vaas.ed expenses of.-the year.
'went art ei ft the
-94so of tVe coiuty's affaira dealing
with .Me chain gang and the deficit
which -evists there this year. He said
that he6 had followed humanitarian
dfciiatoes In dealing both with convicts
said stock and that he had found that
tllis proved profitable. As an exam
'IClo of bis, he said thaft fewer men had
escaped from the gang than at any
time in its past history, that no men
had died on the gang and none had re
fused to 'work-WAIn'Dte of the fact that
the gang had more white men than at
any time during its history. He said
that he had not lost a mule during the
Year and that .with the exception of
one insta:nce, where a mule was laid
up fortsix hours, he had not had a mule
standing idle during the whole year on
account of sickness or injuries.
- Daltnig with the county bridges; he
said that .practically all of them had
either been repaired or rebuilt dutriAg
the past two years, as their lif# was
abOUt- lived when he took office. / Th is,
ti sa4A, -had -been a tremendo drain
on his office; a drin which q'tinues
to exist as people are continu ly con
Allaining of broken down bridls.
Mlr.Watts .pointed out thf the ap
5)roprtiaon for this doer ent h'ad
neve.' been inceed durin the period
rf'high prices. It 'was on y by prac
tiedidt' e4pseet /economuy, I said, that
he ha'eeable to makt ends. -meet,
An ad l~~ .Of- econl( y, .ie said
that hdf qigen ov~r' t work of the
.count* r i~ Mr.- 'Cu lgnhami, cand
the ealaif aved to the ounty." As~ a
r'eason fog' Jereitsed ex endittires this
Vear~ he- pointed fact'.that the
chnuIn gnagiahad been increased from
18 Antxnbers to '72. The increase in
niitofehad 'oyercomie the advantage
of .redtced prlies "for' supplies.
ErAdr. Witti had coricluded, he
take tbh 'oor azbd inform the mieeting
a*- to $$"proposed 4thoun. highway,
o ~hich th' 1M91it4hle-Clinton road
iet lo b a parti 'Mf. Jacobs (gave S
Calbeud highway m1overnent and the
6%hlfits' of good toal ii general, clos
lag tid addes with a'piea for co-4p.
,- ration and progree Iii the county
14lIIresolution, .preo4iously referred to;
'betelved~ 'it 4tho P00P10 of Laiu'
vernsi County, t in made at~g assett
bledI take pleasure expresslag theii
cotxdiction: that the ltfa~eggt1O
in ibe South trol4,i fiendjid AkVoai
t'l \i1.the' (olin~ Oulf
~nom eoy N the s 1'
SAYS PETIT JURY
tI XIe Eilled Besided in Laurens
Oounty. eilling was Done at Eno.
apartanburg, Jan. 4.-After being
out for four hours and fifty minutes
this afternoon the Jury rendored a ver
dict of ,guilty with a recommendation
to mercy in the caes of T. B. Alverson,
charged with the murder of Ir'by
Knighton at E1noree last September.
The case was hard fought.
The testimony in the case of T. B.
Alverson, charged with the murder of
Irby Knighton at Enoree, September
0 last, 'fIs comileted in sessions court
yesterday afternoon. The plea of self
defense was put up.
The testimony of the state was that
Alvorson, 'Knighton and another were
in Alverson's store at Enoree on the
night of the killing. Alverson was un
d(er the influence of whiskey, Knigh,
ton went out of the door vhen Alver
sna told him lie wanted to close Up.
Alverson then went to his cash reg
ister and got the cash and to his show
case and got his pistol. -He put his
pistol in his pocket, but it fell out on
the floor, When it was picked up
Knighton told Alverson not to draw
'that gun on him.
As Alverson came out the door lie
IS alleged to have asked Knighton if
he had not always treated him right,
and received an affirmative answer,
with the statement that Knighton had
always treated Alverson right. Alver
son gave the lie to Knighton and
Knighton returned It and as he did
Alveron. shot him (lead.
Lawrence Knighton was standing by
his brother and caught him when he
eIL .A.Jiocaught his brother .Alver
son shot Lawrence Knighton, who
.picked up a piece of iron and struck
Alverson on the head.
The defense's testimony Is that when
the lie was rpassed Knighton put his
hand. to his hip as if to draw a pistol,
and when he did Alverson fired as
quick as he could. Two witnesses
for the defense testified that Alverson
shot Lawrence Knighton after he was
hit in the head, while the defendant
says that he was knocked senseless
and does not remember shooting but
the one time.
1111 PRIOED "TEA"
Local Genta Bought "Bottled in Bond"
at Bargain Price. Turns Out to be
Local (gentlemen who have been feel
ing the effect of aridness during re
cent months, were shockingly treated
by a polite stranger who showed up
in town' Friday night 'with a case or
two of "bottled in bond" -which he was
willing to part with at .$7.60 per
quart by the case. The stranger dis
posed of nearly two cases, so it is
said, and left several bottles with the
l)orter at the hotej saying that .he
would come bach. for them.
According to the story going the
rounds, he had a bottle of real whis
key from 'which he served out samples.
He .took orders from as many peojple
as he could' gather' teigether, got his
money, delivered the goods and left
for unknolwn .parts. It was not long
-before some of the purchasers found
that they had been duped, but the
stranger was go'ne. The "bottied in
bond" was nothing more than colored
water, but it had been packed and la
beled so neatly that the unwary wedre
easily deceived. - .
Judge Watts Improving
Friends of Judge II. C. Watts will
beo gla'd to learn that' he is fmproving
at tihe hospitl, 4rn Columbia. , He has
been sick for several weeks and a feow
days ago underwent a slight operation.
After further detailed discussion of
the county finances, including a plea
for 'the farm demonstration depart
menut by Mr. W. !P. Thomason, and the
Mois9 Son in regard to the Issuance
bon*ids to retire tle, flnating indebted
non6 the meeting adjourned.
It4 opeurily Temailked that the
V tne ig ll took an enit~rely different angle
f'om wfrt wfgerDoctqd, The fu411 and
443 t*.llent of etiervisor Watts,
f~lowe bytboIoioal and engaging
Mie inheItain a0.
IRISH TREk Y RATIFIED
BY SMALL MAJORITY
De Talera Immediately Announces
His Resignation' as President. uadh
Bathusiasm Ohown by Ppl&
Dublin, Jan. 7.-The treaty creating
the Irish Free fitate -was ratified to
night by the Dail lireann. By a ma
jority of seoven votes, 64 to 57, the dali
gave its approval to the document
signed by its delegates at London.
Coincidentally, I"amon do Valera
announced his resignation from the
presidency of the Irish republic.
The news was received with the
greatest enthusiasm, and the patient
crowds, which had waited for hours
outside the university building in an
ticipation of advices, burst into cheer
ing, even before the official figures
Ratiflcation of the treaty came after
a day of intense excitement and heat
ed controversy. Although the result
was as had been expected, the ma
lority in favor of the agreement was
greater than had been counted on al,
muost up to the last minute.
A tense, straIned silence prevailed
while the vote was being taken, and
a gasp of relief .went up from the sup
porters of the treaty when the' result
was announced. A dramatlc scene on
sued, when do Valera stood up and in
broken voice, which vibrated with
emotion, declared that "the repu-blic".
must be carried on.
Eventually he broke down so com
pletely that he was unable to pro
eed. The Dail Eireann, with one ac
cord, applauded and cheered him.
The situation at the adjournment
Df the dali appeared to remain cha
Ale. The dail 'will meet on Monday
ind there is no dlsposition revealed
by de Valera and his followers to
%bandon the factional struggle.
The future control of the'.Irish re
publican army is tonight the subject
)f anixous speculation, as Charles
Burgess, who atrongly opposed the
treaty, is the minister of defense. So
Mr as the .public is concerned, Dub
lin seems delighted over ratification.
A.rthur Grlffith and his colleagues, on
mergig from the parliament, were
wildly cheered and the city tonight is
in Jubilant spirits.
On the announcement of the ftgl
ires, do Valera rose and declared that
,be Irish people had established a re
public, and until the Irish people in
Y, regular manner disestalblished the
republic it constitutionally went on.
rhis would be a eovereigp body in.
the nation, to which the nation looked
ror suipreme government. It was the
)Ygecutive until the people disestab
lished It. *
The body was disposed to challenge
this proposition, for the general opin
ion all along had been that during the
transition period Ireland must keep
icr representative assembly until the
treaty' was converted into an act of
parliament and the Irish would have
,in opportunity to erect a legislature
nf the Free etate to replace the dali,
Michael Collins In quiet tones fel
io~wed do Valora. Hie saId he did not
regard .the result in any spirit of
triumph, lie claimed that the men
representing the dail .who would be
responsible for taking over from the
British government control, of the
Irish administration should get a fair
ahance. In every country what mat
tered most was -public order, and he
appealed to the ether sIde to appoint
a joint committee of both sides to
carry on the government. This was
greeted with cheers. M'r. Collins de
clared that de Valera held the same
place in his heart as ever.
'Then followed a violent speech by
Mary Mac~winey, denouncing the re
sult as worse than the betrayal of
Ireland in the days'- of Castlereagh
(Viscount Catlereagh, Mfarquis of Lon,
doniderry, who as chief secretary for
Ireland in- 1798, was instrumental in
carrying the nion in 1800.).
3fr. do Valera os again, suppos
edly to reply to idr. Collins' overture.
Hlowever, he todlk no niotice of it. and
merely appealed to all hisa own sup
porters in the dai tq meet him at the
Mansion House tomorrow afternoon.
This eidently hurt M'i. Collins very
much, but hie qget 'sei,: "It tihe
visible presence ot'ngelO1,* nd col
leagues is so -distagttfu1,. tiere might
att any rate !be dORhTS- comimodation
between 'Ile parties-for the purpose of
pubite order," .''
49tipster Burgess nmediately re
toio: "' w9i1 t .ro that the
disO #lbl 'ff tl 1 ar~,I preserved."
Tabernacle Crowded at Three Services,
Large Choir Sin^,
2partanburg, Jan. 8.--BIlly" Sun
day opened his meeting in Spartan.
burg today, speaking at three eorvic.
es, morning, afternoon and night, to
audiences that packed every possible
seat in the tabernacle, seating more
than (,000 persons. Though the rain
was falling throughout the day, the
crowds came and hundreds of them
enalned in the great building through
out the day, except for Journeys to
neighboring restauranta for dinner
and supper. Mr. Sunday's three texts
were: In the morning, "Havo ye re
ceived the holy ghost sinco ye be
lieved?"; in the afternoon, "The 'hour
is come"; night, "Why cal ye me Lord,
The speaker's marvelous enthusiasm,
his -power of action and the amazing
rapidity with which he speaks were
all contributing elements in the hold
he has already established oil his au
diencoo. At the afternoon meeting the
choir of 300 voices, under the direc
tion of (Homer Rodeheaver, turned in
to its real revival swing with the old
time songs, above which the voice of
the great song leader was heard. Mr.
Sunday will preach every day in the
%yeek, except Monday.
"Billy" -Sunday has spoken to three
audiences of more than 5,000 each on
the opening day of this campaign hi
Bpartanburg and closed tonight's
meeting staniding on top of the pulIpit
crying with both hands to his mouth,
"Why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do
not the things I say."
Ilis text of the night sermon, from
which ho preached upon the sins and
weaknesses of society, mixed scrip
ture and modern slang with a rapidity
that leaves his audience almost dizzy.
The South Carolina audience broke
into prolonged applause at one time
when he concluded a denunciation or
the divorce evil and again when he
paid his respects to the bootleggers.
When he reached in the course of his
sermon the theater and society, he de
clared he had no quarrel with the
theater or with society but with their
sins and declared mothers of girls
who permit them to Joy ride into the
night were opening the gates of hell.
Mr. Sunday (preaches from a text
and sticks to ihis text, calling it over
and over throughout the course of his
sermon until the line rings in the
ears of his audience. He switches
from the serious to the ridiculous in
a breath and applause and "amens"
are constant response from his audi
As with all the Sunday meetings the
singing under the directjon of Homer
Rodehoavor is a feature. At the night
service, "Brighten the Corner Where
You Are," had its introduction, and
under his direction Mr. Rodeheaver
had every section of the great audi
ence carrying the-rofrain in sections
and then all together. The singing
tonight showed the work of the artist
as tihe old familiar hymns of the
church rolled 'rom 6,000 throats.
The expense of the Sunday cam
paign, amounting to $20,000, it was
announced, will be cleared up in the
collections for the first week. Thou
sands of dollars were dropped into the
tin pans today. Mr. Sunday will not
preach tomorrow but again on Tuesday
afternoon the 'week's work will be be
Governor Cooper Here
Governor Robert A. Cooper spent the
week-end in the city on business mat
ters-and visiting among the homefolks.
Saturday afternoon, in company with
Mir. C. A. -Power, he went down to Wa
terloo and paid a visit to his old
friend, 0ol. J, H. Wharton, at Water
oo, 'who has boon confined to his home
for many months. 'They found Col.
Wharton in genial spirits in 9pite of
his Ill health and still deeply interest
ed in the affairs of his county.
Judge Thompson Unwell .
Judge of Probate 0. G. TPhompson
has been unwell for the past wecek An
has been unable to be at his oilce.:HIis
conldition was repo'rted as much i
proved yesterday, though he is not yet
aible' to return to his Work. In his ab
sence, his duties have been performed
by7 his son, Mr. J. Mf. Thompson.
* Delegation Goes D~owi .
tiensbers of the Laurens county do1l.
gation to the general ,assembly ledl
Monday for COolumbi'a to be pf'esent'ai
thc opening 'of 'the session. Spiitogg
'1*'0g lac~well, whose duties call )bin
*~j~ %f~ .e)~i~iy,. i
REACH THE GOAl
Not a Sin& , Applicant Recelves Firs
Grade Ckrt18cate in Bxaminatjoi
Held in October. Only 28 Out (W 5]
According to a report sent to the of.
flee of the County Superintendent al
Laurens by the State Board of Exam
iners for Teachers, only 28 of 51 ap
plicants who stood the teac,hers ex.
amination in October, received a Statt
Teacher's license. Not a single onc
in the county received a first grade
certificate. Thirty-two teachers tooli
the primary examination. Of thest
12 failed outright, not any received a
first grade certificate, 11 a second gradc
certificate, and 9 a third grade cer
In the elementary examination, out
of 11 who stood, 6 failed, none received
a first grade certificate, 1 a second
grade certificate, and 4 a third gradc
In the high school examination only
one stood and this one failed to pass,
Following are the names of thosc
who passed and the grade of certificatc
Second Grade Certificate-Miss Clara
[Bell iDabb, Mrs. A n nie il.)l?, Miss Isa -
'bel Compton, Mrs. M. . Gambell, MisE
Helen George, Miss Janie Holland,.Miss
Sudio (Medlock, Miss Mae McCarter
Miss Ora Powers, Mliss Grace Temple
ton, Miss 'Marie Tinsley, Mrs. Belle
Third Grade Certificate--Miss Alvi,
Farrow, Miss Ary Iolcombe, Mist
Claudel Holder, 11iss Martha McCarter
Miss Edna Riddel, Miss Corrinnc
Roper, Miss Lucile Roper, Miss LoE
Watson, Miss Gladys Williams, Mis
Gladys Fuller, "Mrs. 'Mae Rhodes, Mist
Cora Threatte, Miss Anna Wallace.
The State Board of Examiners seemE
to be grading very closely the papert
handed in -by the teachers as very few
in the state received a first grade cer
tificate on the last examination.
Those failing 'to pass the State
Board of iExaminers will not be allow
ed to teach next session in the county.
Heretofore, the County Superintendent
of Education has btseen Innning from
ten to twenty temporary permits. Ac
cording to a recent ruling of the Coun
ty Board of Education no temporary
permits will be Issued in 9Laurens
County after July 1st. This action was
taken, so says the County Superintend
ent of Education, because of the fact
that the State Board of Examinert
holds two examinations per year, aUnd
those failing to pass that examination
ought not to receive publiic money
ftom the districts of the county.
ALLIGATOR FOUND MONDAY
Had Been1 Under Store Building fo,
. Long Time.
Workmen employed in repairing ont
of the storerooms of the Gray building
on Sullivan street were considerably
surprised and at first alarmed yester
day when they came upon a real liv4
alligator about two feet long under
neath the flooring of the building.
While wdrking on the flooring th(
men ~hoard a hissing sound coming
from underneath. fWith the aid of a
flashilight, they succeeded in getting
full view of the ground underneath thd
floor and located the alligator at
very short distance from them.
It is &:hought that the alligator is the
same one which was sent to Dr. Put
nam from Florida last summer and af
terwards escaped. [Many conjecture:
have -been made as to how the anima
lived so long away from water or heYm
ho secured food, but up to the preseni
writing nothing definite has been set.
'New Poieelnan at Cross Hill
The new city council at Cross Hill
which was 'recently re-elected, at it
business session thold last week electec
M. F. Workman as chief of police,, sue
ceeding -J. H1. Hltt. Mr. Worikman it
well known In the community and the
citizens are looking to him for a thor
ough enforcement of .the law, Thb
administra)tlon Is composed of Ft. A
Austin, mayor, ands 3. El. Leamar
Olati, ~Hipp, I9. 8. Pinson and W. '1
Preaching at Gray Court
RIev. C. T. Squires will ipreach at th
Dorroh Preobyterisan Church, Gra
Special Legisatlie Inresftgators
Would Alter S8. , Government. For
State Offieo BuUding
Radical changes Da state gover
ment, including the erectfon of an oft
flee building in the city of Columbia
for state offices; the abandownent of
scholarships In state institutions; the
albolition of the system of athletic
coaches at the University; the reduc
tion of military training and increase
of emphasis on the sciences at the Cit
adel; the withdrawal of state support
for the state fair; the abolition of the
offlce of secretary of the state high
way commission; the incorporation of
the work of the public service- commis
ion in the work of the railroad com
mission; the abandonment of the pf
flce of secretary of the budget commis
sion and the Incorporation of this in
a n' department of finance, are ree
.ommended to the legislature by the
Joint legislative committee on Oceni
omy and consolidation, based on find
ings of the efficiency engineers, Grif
fenhagen' and associates, whose find
ings were made public Saturday. The
report of the committee will be sub
mitted in book form to the legislature,
which convdnes on Tuesday.
Changes in the control and notlods
pf operation o nn h -
hartments and institutions, reductiolls
of salary In a few cases, new sources
of state revenue, a reduction of the
state tax levy and the creatioU, f a
few new-departmente are, recomnmeaid
ed by the committee. The committee
estimates that its recommendations
will save the state half its tax levy.
Included In the committee's rec
ommendations are the following:
That the property tax be reduced
to four Mills, and that income, In
creased corporation, inheritance, gaso
line, luxury and hydro-olectric power
taxes be imposed.
The removal of the adjutant gen
eral's office from the capitol to the
state armory on Assembly street.
The abandonment of the Weekly
Market Bulletin and the y~ar 6tObk 16f
the department of agricultu .e a$d the
reduction of some salaries cot ot
ed 'with this department. -
The employment of one bhlid 'ufihe
warden fr each congressionaf dietrict,
each witi an automobile.
Discontinuance of the engbijing
courses at the Citadel, and coinbining
these with Clemson's engineering de
Support of Clemson College %;y di
rect appropriation and the additiec of
a postgraduate course at that institu
Changes in the offlee force of the
comptroller general's office.
Enlargement of the railroad" coii
mission to seven members, with en
largement of the railroad cominishion's
powere, to include the regulation of
all common carriers, both as to ier
vice and rates.
Granting of citizenship to the Ca
tawiba Indianls and payment of money
only to the aged and disabled.
,Discontinuance of support to the
Confederate home college, in Charles
Teestablishment of a testing lab
oratory for the state highway depart
The establishment of a law enforce
The establishment of En office
in the capitol for the board of Dardons
'and various examining boarda, the
board of law examiners, the board of
medical examiners, and the like.
4The management of the ipenitentiary
transferred to the board of public wel
tare and the election of the emiperin
tendent by the board.
Maintenance of the state house and
grounds under direction of the state
T Ihe reorganization of the stat. tax
commission, with the cbairman a busi
ness man, one member of the counnnis
sioni a lairyer, and the secretary a man
of accounting training, the machinery
of the tax commission to be enlarged,
The discontinuance of the practice
of furnishing homes for profeera of
the University; the creation, of thd of
flee of director of physical eduoatioh,
to have charge of all athlettes st the6
University, the director to 'be rduwg
*'Sible to the president, and th mtpya
ment of coaches to be ,diseontintled;
the abandonment of, the ceni'se %inoh
gieerig at the Ulversity; the etb
Slishment in few'ymre ot ( *'deAth
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